CSE Harvard: End References
- Include a references page on a separate sheet of paper
- Centre the title References; other acceptable titles include Cited References, Literature Cited, or Bibliography
- Double space the entire list
- Indent the hanging line(s) of each citation (0.5" or 1.27 cm). The first line of a reference should be flush with the left hand margin, with all subsequent lines in that reference should be indented by half an inch.
On the reference page, sources are listed in alphabetical order by the author's last name.
The author's last name and first initials are used.
Only the first word of the title (and proper nouns) have a capital letter.
No underlining, italicizing, or quotation marks are used to set off titles of books or articles.
There is no spacing between the volume, issue number, and page numbers.
Schaefer JA. 2006. Towards maturation of the population concept. Oikos 112(1):236-240.
CSE uses discipline-specific methods of abbreviating journal titles or, alternatively, rules for abbreviating journal titles such as outlined by the National Library of Medicine (NLM).
Journal of Chemical Education: J. Chem. Educ.
Radiological Society of North America: Radiology
CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics: CNS Neurosci Ther