Here are the keys to successful job interviewing. Follow these simple rules and you should achieve success in this important phase of job hunting.
Before the Interview
- Do take a practice run to the location where you are having the interview -- or be sure you know exactly where it is and how long it takes to get there.
- Do your research and know the type of job interview you will be encountering.
- Prepare and practice for the interview, but don't memorize or over-rehearse your answers.
- Do prepare an up-to-date list of references and contact each person on your list to inform them of your interview and the position you are applying for. If they receive a call they will have a better idea of what to say about you, related to the job.
- Do dress the part for the job, the company, the industry. And do err on the side of conservatism.
- Do plan to arrive about 10 minutes early. Late arrival for a job interview is never excusable. If you are running late, do phone the company.
- Do greet the receptionist or assistant with courtesy and respect. This is where you make your first impression.
- Don't chew gum during the interview.
- If presented with a job application, do fill it out neatly, completely, and accurately.
- Do bring extra résumés to the interview.
During the Interview
- Don't rely on your application or résumé to do the selling for you. No matter how qualified you are for the position, you will need to sell yourself to the interviewer.
- Do greet the interviewer(s) by title (Ms., Mr., Dr.) and last name if you are sure of the pronunciation. (If you're not sure, do ask the receptionist about the pronunciation before going into the interview.)
- Do shake hands firmly. Don't have a limp or clammy handshake!
- Do wait until you are offered a chair before sitting. And do remember body language and posture: sit upright and look alert and interested at all times. Don't fidget or slouch.
- Don't tell jokes during the interview.
- Do make good eye contact with your interviewer(s).
- Do show enthusiasm in the position and the company.
- Brush your teeth, use mouthwash, or have a breath mint before the interview.
- Do avoid using poor language, slang, and pause words (such as "like," "uh," and "um").
- Don't be soft-spoken. A forceful voice projects confidence. Do have a high confidence and energy level, but don't be overly aggressive
- Don't act as though you would take any job or are desperate for employment.
- Do avoid controversial topics.
- Don't say anything negative about former colleagues, supervisors or employers.
- Do make sure that your good points come across to the interviewer in a factual, sincere manner. Don't ever lie. Answer questions truthfully, frankly and succinctly. And don't over answer questions.
- Do stress your achievements. And don't offer any negative information about yourself.
- Don't answer questions with a simple "yes" or "no." Explain whenever possible. Describe those things about yourself that showcase your talents, skills, and determination. Give examples.
- Do show off the research you have done on the company and industry when responding to questions.
- Don't bring up or discuss personal issues or family problems.
- Do remember that the interview is also an important time for you to evaluate the interviewers and the company they represent.
- Do ask for the question to be repeated if you are having trouble thinking of an answer -- this will give you a little more time to think about an answer. Also, a short pause before responding is okay.
- Do always conduct yourself as if you are determined to get the job you are discussing. Never close the door on an opportunity until you are sure about it.
- Don't answer cell phone calls during the interview, and turn it off (or set to silent ring).
- Do show what you can do for the company rather than what the company can do for you. Don't inquire about salary, vacations, bonuses, retirement, or other benefits until after you've received an offer. Be prepared for a question about your salary requirements, but do try and delay salary talk until you have an offer.
- Do ask intelligent questions about the job, company, or industry. Don't ever not ask any questions -- it shows a lack of interest.
- Do close the interview by telling the interviewer(s) that you want the job and asking about the next step in the process.
- Do try and get business cards from each person you interviewed with -- or at least the correct spelling of their first and last names. And don't make assumptions about simple names -- was it Jon or John -- get the spelling.
- Don’t relax your professional behaviour as long as you are still on the premises or with people from the company.
After the Interview
- Do send a thank-you note or email to the interviewer, thanking them for their time and consideration (you can also mention anything that came up in the interview that you're excited about or that you have the skills for).
- Do immediately take down notes after the interview concludes so you don't forget crucial details.
- Do reflect on how your interview went. Make notes on what went well and what you need to improve upon.
- If you don’t get the position, be courteous, express your interest in any future opportunities, and ask for feedback on your interview performance, to see what you might improve on for another time.