For information on Library Services available during COVID-19, please see our news update.

Citing Maps and Spatial Data

Listed below are a selection of guides for citing cartographic materials including maps, atlases, air photos, imagery and other spatial data. These guides are often used in conjunction with standard style manuals such as the Chicago Manual of Style, APA, and MLA.  

Students and researchers submitting assignments or manuscripts are advised to check with their professors, editors or publishers regarding style manual preferences.  

Canadian best practice guides 

Best Practices in Citation of Cartographic Materials  as  recommended by Association of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives (ACMLA) Bibliographic Control Committee (standard guide for citing cartographic materials used by many Canadian Universities)  

Citing Maps & Geospatial Data Scholars GeoPortal 

How to Cite Statistics Canada Producs  Section on Maps and Geospatial products 

US best practice guides

Christing Kollen, Wangyal Shawa, Mary Larsgaard, Cartographic Citations: a style guide,  Chicago: Map and Geography Round Table, American Library Association, 2010 

Available at Bata Library Map Collection - 4th floor GA108.7.C52 2010

MAp Library Guides based on Best Practices

These following guides have been created by university map libraries. They draw on the above mentioned best practice guides and provide examples of citations for different cartographic materials.  

How to Reference Maps, Atlases, Air Photos and Digital Resources  Brock University 

Guide to Citing Maps and Atlases Lloyd Reeds Map Collection McMaster University 

Citing Format Examples for the Geospatial Map and Data Centre (GMDC) Inventory Ryerson University Library 

Data and Map Citation University of Waterloo Library Geospatial Centre 

Citing Maps  NC State University Library 

Citing Maps Ohio Wesleyan University (provides examples following Chicago Style Manual) 

Citation Quick Guides and Style Manuals: Citing Maps  Western Washington University Libraries (provides examples following MLA and APA style manuals)