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Fonds Level Description

Accession Number: 78-008

Frances Stewart fonds

74-1005; 92-1002; 97-023

(transcriptions of original items)

74-1005 #1

Douro 9th Novr


My dearest Harriet

You will see by this sheet of paper that your precious box has arrived [ ] Oh! how nice my darling Bessy would have looked in the dear little shoes & gloves you sent to her. My dear H; we never met so severe a trial as this one tho' so young she had the art of winning every heart & had [really] a mind which even at that age shewed itself superior to that of common children. I often thought, & once or twice said to Tom, long ago, that if she was spared to grow up she would be too perfect for this world, & that she was too much an Angel for us - & frequently when she was running about, with the appearance of robust health, I said she could not be for this world; I never saw anything like her sweetness & obedience during her illness & she really tryed to be pleased and amused with the little playthings the other children shewed her, when she was so weak that she could scarcely look about her. - I never had a feeling of her being fit for living in this world of woe & care - but I was not sufficiently prepared for losing her so soon & it has been a most severe trial to us all. Her attachment to little Ellen was quite touching; - I think "Elly" was one of her last words - & I never saw two little sisters feel more deep regret than they still do for her loss - but Ellen particularly. Dear Harriet I know I am weak and foolish for writing so much about my feelings - but it is to you - & I know you will feel with us, - & do feel with us in joy & sorrow. And tho' our grief for the loss of this dear little one is deep & poigant, yet we donot repine, for we see how largely Mercy was [shed] along with affliction. My constant prayer during her illness was that she might not suffer at the last - & I was in mercy spared the agony of seeing her suffer for I dont think she was sensible of much pain for the last 4 or 5 days - & at the end of all just appeared to sleep, with her sweet smile, tho' her features were all changed from emaciation & the palid hue of death, but she had no symptoms of any convulsion except a few sobs. - The very time of her illness was pointed out by almighty wisdom. If it had been in summer I was much too weak to have attended her as she required. Nor could my mind have borne the trial for I was greatly relaxed & weakened both in body & mind, but the heat & by the sickness attendent on my situation, & I was constantly languid & low spirited. If her illness had been 2 or 3 months later than it was I should have been quite unable to nurse or keep her on my lap & the effects of the shock might have had serious bad effects - & if she had been permitted to live some years longer, how much more dreadful would have been our loss - so that I see the great goodness of that God who knows how and when to afflict us & exactly how much we can bear & who has in mercy to this dear Baby removed her from a life of certain trial here, to one of eternal happiness. None of the other children took the complaint which is very infectious. The maid was ill of it for some days but is quite recovered I am now as well & strong as ever I was. Since Augt the weather has been very cool & delightful - for the last month it has been particularly charming. The therr has been so low as 14 & is seldom up to 30 at 7 in the morn. but the cold is not disagreeable for we have lovely fires. Our kitchen chimney is nearly 8 feet wide - & our other chimney rather more than 4 - We seldom use logs in the kitchen quite so long as to fill it up - but in this room we have them very nearly 4 feet long. - & now I will describe the sort of fires. We first put on "a backlog" which is about a foot or 18 inches diameter, & long enough to fill up the back part of the fire place - Then we put in the "Dogs" which you have seen I am sure in old houses, & on the dogs we lay smaller split sticks about 5 or 6 inches thick & the same length as the "back log" - & pile on chips & pieces of pine till we have it as high as we require - & you cannot think what a lovely pile it is or how cheerful it makes our little rooms in the evenings & morn. Every even. befor tea & every morn. - after breakfast, we have a fresh back log put on by one of the men - & then we need only put on smaller sticks to keep up a grandfire during the intermediate time. Before we go to bed we throw on some good large sticks - & in the morn, we have only to take the kindled pieces out of the ashes - scrape the ashes off the backlog, put on fresh sticks some chips & in a few minutes we have a delightful fire, which gives light enough all over the room, for dressing, sweeping, sitting, & laying the breakfast table - & which prevents us from feeling cold. We have filled up every crevice & airhole between the logs with moss and mortar - so that no air nor frost can come near us - & our house is as close & warm as any good Irish [mud] cabin or any stove or brick house could be. I could not help being amused at your asking why we burnt the timber of the clearing instead of keeping them for firewood! - We have as much wood as we can use, or could use in 30 years & we have only to draw it to the back door & have it cut up, which is easily done. You need not fear our being starved this winter, for this day we have killed a pig of our own of nearly 2cwt & about a fortnight ago we got a good store of beef from Cobourg.

We have between 2 or 3 hundred bushels of potatoes in pits & plenty of turnips & Indian corn. We have a parcel of fowl too, & 3 young pigs & 3 geese, & plenty of flour, rice & barley & can very easily get things from Cobourg if we want them - So you see we have abundance for eating, & as for drinking, we have a Barrel of Whiskey which is chiefly used for the workmen & for strangers as it does not agree with Tom. We have a little keg of port which we treat ourselves to a glass of now & then, when we take a fancy for it or on grand occasions. We have enough milk to supply the children with as much as they require, we have a lovely well of crystal water - which is a great comfort & now we have your nice store of soda powders which Tom delights in, as the draughts agree with him very well & he is so fond of them & so am I. We treat ourselves to one every even[ing] - but we must save them for hot summer weather - for often poor Tom longed for them when he was tired working out in the sun - & every time he takes one he blesses you. Novr 23 A long time has passed since I began this letter. Just at this season of the year opportunities between this & Cobourg occur very rarely, so you must not be uneasy if you dont hear so regularly so you have done, for at this season we are sometimes 2 months without any intercourse with [ ] front. What a delightful excursion you took to London. I wish Tom & I could have joined you in some of those parties. - We saw an account of Mr. Perkins beautiful little steam engine in one of the Montreal papers - just about the same time your little description came. The newspapers gave us a great fund of entertainment. We have received them very regularly - & quite free. - we dont pay any postage now. 6th Decr. It is 6 weeks since we heard from Cobourg & I am sure there are letters there, but the frost is too hard to allow boats to ply - & not hard enough for sleighs.

[Extracts from F.S. Douro - Nov. 9th 1823 - Dec. 6th 1823 - Rec'd March 19th.

M.N. No. 26

To Miss Beaufort]

[M.N. above = Maria Noble, cousin to Frances Stewart, whose mother was a Noble]

74-1005 #2

Douro, Jan. 27, 1824.

My dear Harriet,

I began a long letter to Louisa [Beaufort] on New years day, which I have never yet had time to finish from some unforeseen circumstances which have added a good deal to my domestic employments, & which make it necessary that I should now begin this new sheet to you without waiting to finish hers. Well then I must begin regularly & tell you my circumstances which are these. My paragon Betty - the maid who was so useful & such a treasure - has turned out [like all other paragons] to be a most abominable little animal & has left me against our consent & after pouring out such a heap of the most abusive lies as you could never imagine any one could invent. I have found that she has been for months deceiving me. I need not enter into the detail of her artifice & ingratitude but will proceed to state my necessities to you, in hopes that you may in some time send me the remedy. Here I am without any maid - I cannot in this busy country get a servant girl without paying wages much too high for our means, as the lowest wages given are from 4 to 5 dollars a month, or £12 or £15 a year. So I must do without one till you or some one else can send me out two little girls. I should like to have 2 if possible as I can find abundant employment for them. I wish to have the oldest not more than 14 or 15 years old - but strong for that age & healthy clean & good humoured. I should wish that they had never been at service & should be unacquainted with the ways of servants. Perhaps you might find such as I want at some school. I should like that she should know how to spin well, for spinning will in a short time become one of our household employments. Indeed spinning & washing are the only accomplishments that I am particularly anxious these girls should have - for cooking, baking [ ] I can easily teach them after they come. As for needle work I dont expect them to do much but if they are good workers it will be no objection. I should like to have them bound to me for 4 or 6 years. They should be bound in return & I can have indentures drawn up & signed (here likewise?) - Perhaps Mrs. Stewart or Mrs. Wilson might know of a family going who would take charge of them. Your Septr letters reached me last month so I may reasonably soon expect more. I hope you had Mrs. B. & Lsa with you at Christmas. Ours passed cheerfully & our new year begins pleasantly: at least we have no reason to think that our expectations of success will not be realised - but we find that everything must go on "step by step" as you used to say to me - & we donot raise our expectations too high. - I believe when I last wrote, in Decr Tom was just going to Cobourg by the new road. He found it rather a tedious journey as his sleigh was drawn by oxen & the new road was so bad that he was all the first day going 9 miles; It was Saturday - that night he slept at an old highlander the husband of my femme sage - as he took the old lady home with him. They live within 2 miles of Mr Rubidge's & on Sunday Tom went there & spent the night & day there. Tom reached Cobourg quite safely & crossed Rice Lake & it left him on the other side of it where he was to wait till his own sleigh came up. - This is so slow that he waited & walked about on the lakeshore for a long time - & then he thought he would go back part of the way across the lake & listen if they were coming. When he had proceeded some way from the shore one of those sudden snow showers came on which you sometimes have at home accompanied by high wind - Poor Tom could not see land on any side nor could he hear any sound to direct him which way to steer his course, he was surrounded by an atmosphere of snow & the wind was most intensely cold - he tied down the ears of his cap & buttoned his coat tight round him, & tried to gain an island which he knew was near. At last he became uneasy for he did not know where he was, or how to find his way back - & he was growing too cold for pleasure. In this very uncomfortable situation he was considering what to do, when he thought he heard some one call out - he lifted up his cap & distinctly heard a call which he answered - & very soon a man came up to him & told him that Major Anderson (who lives on this side of the lake) begged he would come to his house, as he would certainly perish if he staid out. He very kindly sent his sleigh out for Tom & brought him safely to Terra Firma once more. - Major A. did not know where the person was, he had just distinguished a figure & guessed that it was some poor passenger who had lost his way. He was very kind and hospitable. Tom soon saw his own equipage arrive, & he proceeded to Mr. Rubidge's where he slept & came home safe & sound next day, heartily tired of his oxen sleigh & of the new road, which was so badly made that no horse sleigh can come up here without great difficulty - for in consequence of the snow & frost there are many trees lying across the road uncut. I mean by this very confused sentence that in consequence of the snow, the men could not cross cut the logs which had fallen across the road - & every sleigh has to jolt over them. Some of them are I daresay 2 or 3 feet in diameter. These nice little jolts we called Hop overs, & they are very common I hear in the roads thro' the woods - but indeed the best of our "Bush" roads scarce deserve the name for they are but paths. I am sure you are in misery about me now, my dear Mamma's & think I am billing myself with all sorts of hard work, now that I am without a maid. But you need not be uneasy for I do not indeed do anything more than my ordinary business, or at least nothing fatiguing. Mr & Mrs. Reid have very kindly given me their eldest daughter Mary - & she is very good natured, & know how to do every. She is excessively anxious poor little girl to save me & is always trying to get everything before me, that I may have nothing to do but nurse my "Papousie". Maria besides sends the servant girl here every monday to wash, so you can see I am well off only that I feel quite ashamed to let poor Mary do all Betty's work - & I know it must be very inconvenient to Maria to give her to me, & it must continue for so many months, befor any of your little girls could come - but bothe she & Mr. Reid are very good natured & assure me they are very glad that Mary should be here. She cooks & cleans the kitchen & washes the eating utensils. I bake & make the beds & sweep the two rooms, which with my care of the little buntling & my constant supply of needle work fill up every moment of every day & at this moment I am sitting up waiting for my bread to be baked & taking advantage of the silent midnight hour to write to you my dear. I generally read a little to myself while I am nursing babe, the only time I have now to read - sometimes I get a good deal of time for this indulgence, as she has not yet, taken any thing except what I could offer her, & consequently is very often with me. She thrives fairly & is strong & fat & sleeps well in general. She has been my bedfellow since her birth & I have taken the entire care of her since she was a week old. It seemed very odd to me at first & I trembled every day when I was washing & dressing such a tiny creature - but now I am become quite expert & am a very good nurse. She was vaccined on Sunday when our little Doctor paid us a passing visit. He improves on acquaintance very much & we like him better everytime he comes. I have really told you all my occupations so dont be uneasy for constant employment is very good for me. The servant boy who we brought with us was very bad - idle & impudent & at last ran away, but in a month he came back & is now much better & is improved in many ways. He carries in all the water for our cooking & washing, cleans the pans & kettles & makes up fires & when we want assistance in lifting any heavy thing, he & his master are always near & willing to help us. I never half thanked you my dear for all your delightful presents which are & were & will be most useful. They were just in time for my Papousie who has some frocks of the pink gingham & nightcaps etc of the longcloth. Tom admires the bombazine very much. Even the linen covering of the box was most useful for subbering which we cannot get even tolerable here. The books are wonderful comfort not only to us but to many others - for Mr. Rubidge & Dr. Hutchison have borrowed many from us. - Wed Feb. 5 ¼ before 12. Tom goes to Cobourg tomorrow & he must have this to put in the post office. I wrote the former part when I was fast asleep. Our winter has on the whole been remarkably fine & mild so far. We have had very cold nights once or twice but till [within] this week nothing like last winter - & we have had a great deal of thawing weather, very unusual here & not so pleasant I think as the clear frosty weather - however I think we shall have some real frosty Canadian weather now, for the therr has not been many degrees above zero this week, & is now 16º below zero - but the days are sunny & pleasant, & we have fine fires. - We have 2 cows going to calve so we shall have a fine store of butter & milk for spring. There is no danger of our being exposed to the miseries described by Captn. Franklin in this "most deplorable of all climates" as he calls it. I envy you all those interesting books & having time I read them. Oh! I am become a famous Tailor! I have just made up a nice pair of frieze pantaloons for Tom & am to make him a waistcoat of the same material. I think then he will be a complete Paddy - he is so fond of this frieze3 that he is determined to have a whole suit of it & it is very comfortable in this climate. I think next year we must get a pair or two out & a pair of good blankets & some linen sheeting, but at present we could not compass it. Good night & may God bless all my dearly loved mama's pray your own child - F.S

[Extracts from F.S. Douro Jan. 27th & Feb. 5th 1824

To Miss Beaufort, Rec'd Ap 28th

M.N. No.28]

74-1005 #3

Goodwood - Tuesday

11th April 1854 -

My dearest Maria,

I am sure I need not tell you how I long for home letters, since I received your last - dated 2 March & which reached me the 23d - but none have come since - except one from Catherine to Ellen in which there was no mention at all of your dear Aunt's illness - In the very letter I had before that from our dear Mamma she mentioned her own declining years & requested me not to be shocked or to grieve for her if it should be the Lords' will to call her to Himself. We cannot help grieving at losing even for a time the social connection with members of our own family - whom we have ever loved & revered from our earliest years - - but we are allowed to sorrow in our hearts, & to mourn in our Spirits - & to feel the blank left - even though we are assured & perfectly satisfied that the change is for the dear departed - one of blessedness & to hope that in a short time we shall join them again never more to part - never more to weep - but to enjoy perfect peace perfect happiness - of which our finite mind can form no conception & above all to be with them in the mansions prepared by our Lord for our reception - & in the Presence of our blessed Lord Himself to be with our God The Father - Son & Spirit all in one - & to feel the Everlasting Glory of Heaven for all Eternity. Even knowing & feeling & being sure of all this - yet we must feel the pang of parting - If a very dearly loved friend who has been staying with us for some time leaves us - oh how dull & melancholy we feel for sometime - till letters come to renew our intercourse - In the same way, dearest, when one of our dearest & best beloved is removed to what we consider a distant land - our greatest and only consolation is from Spiritual intercourse - which brings our prospect of meeting again nearer to our view & makes it more sure & takes much of the pang of separation away - Still it will return in spite of all we can do - associations of every kind bring back memories of the past which at times even years after - have power to overwhelm us with grief as fresh & keen as ever - but this again brings us to the "Fountain of Still Waters" where we can find refreshment & have our hearts renewed by the Spirit of our Lord - Oh my beloved friends you can enjoy this - you are always near that "Living Spring: which never fails - Oh may you my own Mother & Sister & brothers & all we love & hold dear in this world come to this Living Water & drink & be refreshed & renewed by his Holy Spirit - may our hearts be sanctified & washed & cleansed - & strengthened & supported -

I feel deep sorrow for poor dear Bessy Rothwell - She has been wonderfully supported - but I know - that the time which immediately follows a bereavement like hers - is not the worst. At first one feels a necessity for exertion which keeps one up - & there is much to be done & arranged & ones situation altogether - seems so changed that there is an excitement which actually keeps one form feeling so deeply - But when we feel ourselves alone & obliged to think & act without the friend to think & act for or with us - when we look around & see all others - happy & gay - & that each possesses some one friend who makes them their first object - & that all have some tie - then we who are widows do feel our desolation - we then feel ourselves drawn closer to The One Friend whose love never fails, who we can never lose - unless by our own forgetfulness - On what should we do, if we had not this Friend to fly to who is closer & whose love is more lasting than any Earthly friend - I can't help seeing a great similarity between Bessy's situation & my own - for indeed my own dear husband was all to me that hers was to her - he was the centre point of the whole circle, to whom all turned & all looked for guidance & I may say for happiness - Rich & poor alike looked up to him - & always found him a ready friend & councillor - He was the life & spirit of every company - yet his influence ruled & regulated the whole country around as - In our own family & associates he ruled most strictly - but at the same time so judiciously that he never gave offence - & seldom appeared harsh - till the last year or two when the state of his affairs evidently affected his own stretched & over wrought mind & feelings & actually his brain - but this was "The hand of the Lord" - his heart was always inclined to religion - & his adversity seemed to draw him closer to God & induced him to study the Holy Scriptures for edification and light - And he did receive light - & shewed it & tried to lead others by it & to it -

Oh Maria dear I am forgetting myself & selfishly writing my thoughts just as they come - & not considering that tho' you can feel interested in some of my ideas - you may have too much of them just at present - for one sometimes is not in a frame of mind just suited to some trains of thought occupying the mind of a friend at a great distance - but I know you will forgive me - I left poor dear Bessy - & began about my own.

Now I must get back to her - I am very much grieved that poor Emma continues to grieve so much - I could not help thinking of her - when travelling about with Emma to try change of remedies & new Doctors how much she must feel her loss - not having her husband with her to share her anxieties and help her in her efforts to relieve her dear little daughter - I am sure though that having some object to keep her from sinking into apathy is very good - & the change from place to place will be useful to her - tho' the cause is painful - I believe she did not go to Cork as at one time I heard she had some idea of - Perhaps English air & English Doctors might do her some good - Dear Aunt Sutton is most kind to me & has written' me many delightful letters - I have not written to her for some time - but as I am now writing to you it would be useless to write to her this time - All this winter I have been very idle about letter writing - I have not been as well as usual - & never have been good in spirits - & I felt that if I wrote it could only be in either a restrained way or else a [ ] story of my own little troubles so I just wrote as little as I could - Now I am better - & hope my mind will return by degrees to its own tone - I have been staying with darling Bessie & Edward for the last four weeks & enjoy myself greatly - I feel here as if care & sorrow were left behind - for this is a happy little place - & I have not seen Bessie so well & so so like herself as she is now - her eyes are bright & her heart seems light & her health is good - & tho' her little twins & her little adopted daughter Mary Brown, add to her cares & very much to her trouble & work, yet she manages them all wonderfully & never is in a fuss or out of patience or temper. The children are very healthy & very interesting of course - as all little children are to their parents & Grand mammas - but I dont think either Bes or Edward make too much fuss about them or think them anything wonderful as many mothers I know do - I have not been able to get out for three weeks - I mean to see anybody - for I walk everyday - but the roads are nearly impassable for any conveyance that ladies could join - so we must wait for some time longer - tho' I am longing to get down to see Anna & Ellen & Kate & Louisa & all my friends - Frank is living at his farm & working steadily making preparations for adding to his house - as he hopes to have his little wife in some months from this. I am truly rejoiced to say her father is now on the best & pleasantest terms with Frank & I hope all may go on smoothly & happily - John is to be married very soon - as he has fitted up a loghouse for the present - & as he must study economy more than indulgence he wishes to settle down at once - as he finds it "does not pay" - to go every week or ten days to Grafton 25 miles off to see Anna - & besides it will be much more agreeable & better economy to have a housekeeper for good & as her parents have consented I believe they think of concluding all [letters] on my Birthday - the remembrance of which will be preserved by several weddings - John is a very industrious steady fellow, but he has nothing to depend on but the work of his hands - Anna has no fortune - but she is very prudent & a good manager & is active & industrious - if they have health I have no fears. Frank's wife is also a very good manager but is rather [part of page missing]

Pray give my love to James & all your little flock & the Rockfields & Athboys and to any of my old friends who care for me or that you think I love. Goodbye dear.



Fanny S.


92-1002 #1

Goodwood 1st Aug

Tuesday 1854

I believe I never answered your last - yet I think I could not have delayed so long thanking for all your tender prayers & wishes on the anniversary of my birthday - only think - 3 score years,

It seems strange that I have been allowed so long a portion of time, & so large a portion of happiness - when I am so useless & unworthy - but it ought to rouse me, though late to redeem the time, & try to do more good. I have so many blessings & sources of happiness - & indeed my heart is most thankful for them - I dont know any person who has such great & numerous blessings & mercies as I have. Health, one of the greatest, has been much better this summer than at any time last year; Asthma comes occasionally - but is not so very over-powering as it was last year - nor so constant. My mind is much more at east than for many years back, as I am free from the responsibility & exertion of managing the establishment at Auburn to which I was quite unequal

My dear Frank, who was far far away from me last year & about whom I was in ignorance then, - is now settled down into a steady respectable member of society and established in his proper place, & grade of our society. I am thankful to say that there is a respectability which seems to attend on, & belong to our family, - which all my sons are likely to keep up. - Even in Toronto George & Charlie seem to inherit the regard & interest of many in the highest classes there, who were acquainted with their dear father & who till lately we had little or no idea of recollecting us. They have proved themselves kind friends to the sons of one who possessed their respect & esteem, & where memory is still revered & cherished in their hearts

This is very gratifying to me

My leaving Auburn has been advantageous to Willy - as he now does more there than he would while I remained. He is doing a great deal now, & the fields & every thing, look more thriving & promising than for many years back.

I go there very often - I love Louise & Wm. very much - & they both always seem to wish to make me comfortable

Malone has been very full, but now they are alone again, & dear Ellen is looking much better & growing fat again, she is too apt to forget herself & do too much when she feels well - & then she [brings] back pains & swellings & other ailments which require care & active remedies to set all right again. I spent 3 days with her last week - as George came to spend a week or ten days with us, & he made Malone his head quarters - he has now returned to Toronto, but there is a prospect of his coming to reside in Peterboro, & opening an office there as Engineer. There are some new arrangements making - but of course he will be guided by the advice of his friends, & by circumstances -

His leaving Toronto would be a great sorrow to Charlie who has a year & ¾ still of his time to [ ] with Mr Tully - Mr T. seems to have the highest opinion of Charlie & places the greatest confidence in him - leaving all in his charge when he goes from home

It is expensive to push young men forward - but it fully repays one to find them so deserving of all that one can do to help them -you may laugh at me for praising my children but I just write my thoughts as they [arrive]

This has been the hottest summer I have felt for above 25 years - we are all nearly stewed to jelly. The Thermr: has been up to 96° - 98° & one day 106° - in the shade

That very day poor Charlie had a slight Sun stroke I think. He had been allowed a holiday & went early in the morning to spend the day with Mrs Turner, mother of a fellow pupil - they were hay making, he joined them, but was overcome by the heat - & not sensible of any thing more till he found on the sofa in Mrs. T's drawing room - & all the family anxiously watching him - & bathing his head with cooling applications - wh. they had been doing for 5 hours!! - however in the evening he was able to go home - but had a Dr. to attend him - & every day, at the same hour for several days, severe head ache & high fever came on. - He was quite well however when George left him - & I hear from him every week. Cholera has been very bad in Montreal & Quebec - but there have been only a few cases in Toronto & Peterboro

Anna's little flock are quite well - Barbara a nice fat smiling dark eyed thing they all say she is [ridiculously] like me

They are all fine healthy children

Mary Dunlop is very tall & looks much healthier & better than she did when she first came back but she has lately had a pain in her right side it comes & goes & is worst at night when lying down Ellen thinks it is from her liver. She is a fine little girl & wonderfully little spoilt, considering -

Bessy & her little boys are very well - they are very healthy, & run about, & are in all sorts of mischief. Bessie has a great deal to do - but is never in a fuss, & just goes on through her course of daily work & duties like a little Steam Engine - & it is wonderful what a great deal she gets done in the day & yet never seems in a hurry or disheartened

My little Emily is a good child - & her arm is rather stronger - but I fear will never be of use - she has to dress herself

I think I have given you a family history - but I have not done yet - for I must tell you about my [ ] daughters. I told somebody that Frank & Joann had removed to a temporary dwelling at their own place - we all went to spend an Evg. there while George was with us - They have a nice little parlour, & small but neat & snug - a sofa, & Rocking chair (an American comfort which [ ] but americans enjoy) it [looks really] comfortable & was nice & cool - it opens into a new house. Their bedroom is next the parlour - & at the back is a nicest little kitchen you ever saw - like a kitchen in a child's baby house - floor, table & shelves are all so clean - all the shelves filled with [ ] & the walls hung with Tin utensils all bright - & a nice little stove in proportion to the [ ], of the house. Several people came in unexpectedly so that in a little while we were quite a large party - all connexions - Oh! what do you think, Frank & [Jon] have just come to spend the day & have interrupted me - Good bye I had much more to say -

Love love to all dear friends


a long & violent [ ] storm all yesterday from 11 a.m to 11 p.m - I hope this dreadful heat is over

Dear Kate send this back for our travellers to see -


92-1002 #2

Douro - Monday 4th April 1859.

My own darling Aunty

I have just been reading over for the third time your kind & precious letters of 26th Feby which I received on the 25th March along with one from my dear Charlie - I do indeed feel deeply thankful for your great kindness in writing to me so regularly & telling me so much that is so interesting - I often think I dont know any person in Canada amongst the hundreds who have left their homes & friends - who is so fortunate as I am in hearing so constantly from those dear ones who I left so many many years ago - who still retain me in their home Circle by constant intercourse on paper - & communicating those small incidents - which keep up our close union - so much more than the mere mentioning of subjects which perhaps might be of more importance in the opinion of many - but to me the small ones are most precious - & which I think may be considered the "pith & marrow" of love & friendship between members of one family - and which take away much of the pang of feeling seperated from those we love best - it always seems so lonely to think - "If I were now at home I should hear & know all the little things going on" - but I have seldom felt this for any length of time - soon nice letters come from different quarters - each conveying news of the nearest & dearest interest - from the different parts of the country - so that by degrees I know more than could almost be expected of all my darlings beyond the Atlantic -

Our winter has been like yours very mild - & our spring is unusually early - so much so that ploughing was commenced about the 20th March in this neighborhood - which is some weeks earlier than usual - & the buds of currants - Lilacs - & other shrubs are actually bursting open - & the tops of the trees in the woods have lost the hard grey appearance they have in winter & now look quite a reddish green from the swelling of buds - but alas! all this fine mild weather has its own disadvantages - these sweet buds now encouraged to open, will I fear be nipped by the frosty nights we may expect to have between this time and the middle of May - which is the most trying season in the year to vegetation as well as health

- There has been much illness this winter - Influenza of a new species has come in fatal force into many families - attacking the head & brain & swelling the ears & neck most painfully - thank God none of my family have had it in that form - none of my numerous offsets have had more than bad coughs & common feverish colds - but poor Bessie for about two months had dreadful agony from neuralgia in her head & face - which latterly extended to her neck & throat but I am thankful to say took its departure there & has not returned for nearly a fortnight - so I am in hopes it has gone for this year at all counts - She is beginning to look more like her bright little self again

I am sorry to find that dear Helena is not so strong as you wished to find her - after her sojourn with Dr. Barton who has been so successful with Emma & her dear Mother - perhaps if Helena returns there in summer & repeats the course of treatment - the cure may be more complete - your account of the whole family - Mother & daughter was most delightful - long may they & the dear dear "Grannie" be permitted to be blessing to each other & to enjoy all the social & domestic enjoyments with which your are surrounded

What a fortunate fellow Johnnie [ ] is - and so far at least - he seems not to be at all spoilt by his great prosperity - his is a dangerous situation in every way - both personal & moral - but he seems well guarded by his excellent principles against the temptations of the latter kind - & the former of course we must entrust to the Devine Guardian who reigns over all the wanderers in this wide wide world - - I grieve to say we have had no tidings of my dear Frank since the wretched letter of last July - written in the depth of despair - his truly admirable little wife is still with her parents, who are aged & not well & require her care the eldest boy little Willie has always been delicate - but little Alexr. the Baby now 20 months old is a fine child I earnestly hope they may prove comforts to their dear Mother Your favorite George was staying with Ellen & for some days with John lately - he was employed in Surveying that neighborhood - he suffered a good deal from walking so much & had a great deal of pain in the front of his ancle near the instep - which I am inclined to think must be from rheumatism - he was greatly tired every evening after his days work it is so disagreeable walking in deep wet snow - I wish dear George had not taken his marrying fit so early - but had spent a year then visiting the auld country - & married afterwards he often regrets he cannot now hope ever to be able to see the wonders of [ ] & Nature with which Charles letters are filled - as well as to become acquainted with the many relations & friends who have given his brother such a kind reception dear George would I am sure make as many friends as Charlie has done tho' he is more reserved and of a more thinking disposition than Charles - Kate had a very pleasant letter form dear Charlie yesterday - dated the11th March - he was still at Leicester where he had been detained by the illness of his Uncle who had been in France & requested Charlie to stay with his Aunt till his return - he finds is quite a difficulty to get [ ] his Aunts heart seems to have opened & bestowed on him all the love she has for years back withheld from all her own relations - it seems very strange that this poor wanderer from the backwoods of Canada, should be the only one of her nephews she has ever [seen] I dont understand where she kept her heart - he was to go to London the next week & on to Bristol & accross from that to Cork!! - We have had terrible high winds - & the papers filled with disasters at sea - which make my heart beat when I think of his going that apparently tedious route -

- But I suppose he does & [ ] some advice or instructions from the Hoare family as their relations are Cork people & friends of the Cork Beauforts & I am glad Charlie will be able to see them as well as the southern parts of Ireland - he has travelled over a large part of Gt Britain in a short time - I dont know how he will reconcile himself to our homely ways - but I know he is my own dear old Charlie still in heart -

I have not seen Anna Hay for a long time - as I have been [ ] up from bad roads - She is very well - as I hear constantly of & from both her & Ellen - the latter walked here one day about ten days ago - 3 good miles! & home again after early tea - So you may conclude she is well - Anna has taken a small house in Peterboro as she is now quite strong & able to undertake the management of her own affairs & family - & I think will be much happier living independantly as long as her health continues good, which I trust may be for many years yet -

I had a very kind letter from Allenstown on Saturday - James sent me his half yearly account & notice of having sent the draft for my money to Thos. Kirkpatrick from whom I hope to have it soon & when I do I will write to James to tell him of its safe arrival I also had a charming letter from Anna Waller - who is so kind in writing to me as if we had been cousins & well acquainted all our lives - you dont know how I delight in these proofs of kindness - dear good Mary also wrote me a very nice letter some time ago - which I have not answered - this winter has been a time of so much care & anxiety to me from many causes, that I sometimes cannot rouse myself for writing to anyone

I have had rheumatism all over me constantly for many weeks - & today it is in my right arm so much that at times I can scarcely guide my pen - as you probably have observed by my rambling writing -

But I find I am drawing near the end of my 2d sheet - & [ ] "curbing genicis" - indeed it is time I should release you from this weary job - Bessie unites with me in [kind] love to you & Bessy & all your dear surroundings - and believe me

my ever loved Aunt

Your Grateful & Attached

neice & child F. Stewart

92-1002 #3 [fragment]

July 18, 1859.

told them what to send - for they were the very things I have been wishing so much for"! -

My dear Son has returned to us very happy to see all his own kin again - & very ready to tell me all he can about so many I so dearly love he expresses regret at not having been able to see more of his Meath friends but having treated poor Harriet so unceremoniously on her first kind invitation - he could not hurry away from her sooner than was absolutely necessary - - I suppose you have heard of the cause of his prolonged visit at Southwold - where at first he only intended spending a few days - but Master Cupid flew in & cast a net over him which detained him & I suppose will draw him there again as soon as he can make arrangements for settling down as a married man & the prospect of visiting Europe next year (DV) gives him hopes of seeing many friends who he could not go in the meantime - I have heard a great deal about Miss Ellis from some of her friends who are in this country & are greatly attached to her - And I can only feel astonished at Charless extraordinary good fortune in having gained the affection so soon of a persen of truly excellent sound sense & prudence - I can only account for its having proceeded from her discernment in judging of his character from his countenance & his quiet unpressuring manner which I rejoice to find is perfectly unchanged - not withstanding the very partial & distinguished attention, paid him everywhere & by all he met & especially his relations & connexions - as well as some perfect strangers I was afraid he wd. have been a little elevated in his own estimation but I must say - he is exactly the same dear old 'Charlie - except he is grown strouter & broader in his shoulders than he was - & looks quite a year older -

92-1002 #4 [fragment]

for I am now writing in my bedroom at 11 oclock at night - not having been able to dose at a more reasonable hour & as I am going to Peterboro early tomorrow I have determined to write a short letter tonight

[section of page missing]

How very kind you had been my own dear Aunt to write me such a delightful letter - which made me truly happy giving such pleasant accounts of yourself & my other dear friends & relations, & telling me so much about dear Charles & Charlotte who I am sincerely happy to find you like so much - I am sure if one quarter of what I have heard of her from all sides are ["are" crossed out] is true - she will indeed be a blessing & comfort to me & to all her connexions - It is most amazing to me how Charlie contrived to gain her affections so soon & so completely - But he has been equally fortunate in all he has undertaken - for he has now got Auburn - a very pretty place & a very excellent house - & a fine valuable property - without the smallest trouble or difficulty on his part - I have had the whole house painted & papered & I think it will look "first rate" for them when they come

- Oh may they be preserved in the dangers of the voyage and may we all meet at my own dear Auburn in safety & thankfulness next week -

I shall look out for them about thursday next the 25th. - they might come sooner - I cant help feeling anxious but I know they are under the care of Him who holds our lives in His hands, & knows the time & the way to call us hence - Many are preserved in apparent danger & taken at an unlooked for moment - All are in His hands - & we know His Power & His Mercy & His Love - which is boundless - Oh may I in this trial & all others, place all I hold most dear in His care - who is our best Father Guardian & Protector

92-1002 #5

11th. Sept. 1866

My very dear Harriette

I wish to show you that I think of you today- and one of the best means of doing so is to write you a letter - I very constantly think of you and of Lena and little baby - who I suppose is now quite a large baby but I hardly know what name she goes by - as I only mentioned Nora by way of a joke - I know Momma intended to call her Eleanor which is a very pretty name - - I hope in some time you will be able to write to me

I thought of you dear Harriette early this morning & remembered that it is your Birthday - and I hope you have been very happy today - & that you may have a great many happy Birthdays encreasing each year in wisdom [&] knowledge of the best kind as well as in health & strength of body - I am sorry that I have no nice present to send you - but at this distance it is difficult to send parcels to our friends - & besides I am sure you have all sorts of nice things - much nicer & better than anything I could buy in Peterboro - but my dear child I have a large portion of love in my heart to send you - if you could only see it or feel it, as I feel it - but this is one of much that we must believe without seeing - or feeling - as I dare say your dear Mamma has explained to you already & she will explain this to you in the same way if you dont understand it - I have not been very well lately & my hand is weak & shakes very much - so that I cannot write as neatly as I should like to do, when I write to you- but I cannot help it - & so dear child you must Believe me to be your Ever affectionate Grandmamma

F Stewart

Kiss Mamma & Papa & your sisters for me & ask Mamma to give you a warm embrace & a good kiss for me

92-1002 #6

Douro 25th. March 1868

My dearest Harriet

I liked your letter very much - and I hope you will write to me again - I have letters very often from my other Grandchildren, and now I send you one from your cousin Herbert I asked your cousin Harriet to write to you, but she has not one ready - but she writes very nicely - I think you would be very fond of her, she is a very nice little girl and always merry -she sings very nicely and sings a great many hymns and songs too - If you ever come back to Canada you will be surprised to see Aunt Carolines new house - I have not seen it - but I hear it is a very pretty house - and I should like to see it and Aunt and Uncle Strickland and Charlie and Agnes and Arthur

We have had too much snow - and could not go out for a long time I have not seen any of your Aunts or cousins except the Browns who live very near - and Aunt Louisa's family - We have no flowers yet but I suppose you have Violets now and crocuses - have you a garden? We sometimes hear a little bird who comes to a tree near the house and sings in the morning - and we hear the crows cawing - & see lots of wild Pigeons - - Some beasts called Wolverines have been here this winter - and have killed our hens and amongst them a dear little black hen with a large topping of black and white feathers, she was so tame she came to me whenever she saw me and eat bread out of my hand, I was very sorry - these Wolverines cry at night like some person screaming - they are like a very large cat - Oh! dear Harrie how much I should like to kiss you again

Poor old Betty sometimes comes to see us, and she often talks of your Papa - she often nursed him when he was a little boy about as old as Nora - I should like to see you all my dear little children for you are all warmly loved by

Your own fond Grandma

F: Stewart

Give my love to

Lina and Nora - and Henry

is he to be Henry or Elliott

92-1002 #7

15th Decr. 1868

My dear Harriet

Thank you for your nice letter which I wish to answer, - Harriet Brown likes very much to have letters too, & will I am sure soon write to you, she is at school till three oclock every day and then she plays and runs about on the Veranda, as the snow is very deep now - You dont know how much I long to see you and Lina, and Nora, and Henry - but I am afraid I shall not be here if you ever come back to Auburn or to Canada. -

Little Bertha Brown is staying here now - she is just your age - your Mama will remember her; her Mama is Mrs Templeton Brown - Bertha is a tall large girl - but she has not learned to read well yet - Harriet is older but is much smaller and I think is much prettier - yet Bertha is pretty too - Harriet is a very good child, and very obliging and seems always pleased and ready to go on any message or to do any thing for any body - she is very merry - and can run very fast - sometimes she and Roly make a noise laughing and running - she would like very much to have a nice race with you - Dear Harriet I have sent out a little money to Mama to buy some thing for each of you my four dear Grand children as Christmas presents - I am going to give some little gift to every one of my Grandchildren there are 38 besides your four - so you may suppose I have to think a great deal about you all - but I thought it best to send some money to Mama, though it is but a small sum to send so far but when each of the 42 have a little - it all makes a large sum I suppose you have a slate to do sums on - so you can see it - and now I hope you may have a merry Christmas and a happy new year - Kiss your Sisters and little Henry & love

Your affectionate


F Stewart

Harriet asks me to thank you for your letter - she was much pleased to have it - and will write soon to you - she sends her love -

[Addressed to:

Miss Harriet Stewart


92-1002 #8

Douro - 15th. April 1869

My very dear little Grand daughter

I wish to write you a long letter to show you in the only means in my power how much pleased I was with your very nice one, which Aunt Dunlop gave me one day lately when I was at Malone You are improving very much in writing and I think you will soon write as nicely as Mama

But you should not wait for Papa to send your letters, for he is too slow - I am glad you did not wait longer - Mamma is a much better medium for that purpose - Do you know Papa has not written to me since the 22d of last October! - six months very nearly! - dont you think if he were as far from you - that you would write to him oftener - dear Mamma has written me three letters since I had one from him

You say you often talk about us - so I can return the compliment with truth, for we very often talk of you all - I am glad you got my Christmas Gift safe: - I have so many Grand children now that I can hardly remember [ ] birthdays - and [I am] often sorry to find I have allowed some to pass over without even sending a letter of remembrance - as I fear I have now allowed dear Mammas to pass bye and dear little Nora's - Oh how I should like to see you all - and to kiss & hug you! - do you like to coax people who you love very much? - I do - and a dear little boy here Cecil Brown is so gentle and loving he always coaxes those he is fond of, You would be very fond of him and Helen, as they are not very shy - We have another cousin of yours staying here - she has been here since the beginning of winter - she is Bertha Brown - Mrs Templeton Browns only daughter - She is just your age - I think she is only one day older or younger, I forget which She is a very pretty girl - & she has very rosy cheeks & red lips & brown eyes - & very nice hair which hangs down on her neck in curls - - She is as tall as Harriet Brown and much stouter and stronger - for Harriet is very thin & slender - she is a pretty little girl - I am not sure if she is writing to you - for she did write sometime ago, but [ ] letter was not sent - but she will write another [ ] soon - She does not write as well as you do - for she scribbles too much She reads very nicely and she is learning music - - I am sure Aunt Kirkpatrick was pleased to have a letter from you She is as fond of having letters as I am

How kind it was of Aunt C. Luxford to make up the money you lost it is very vexatious to lose any thing and particularly money when we are going to buy any thing with it - You did not tell me what you bought as a present for Papa - I had some likenesses taken sometime ago, but they were not approved of - so I have not sent any home to my friends in "the Old Country" - but I hope [DV] to be able to have some better to send in summer if I can - I have only been once in Peterboro since Christmas! - or some time before it - I was at Aunt Dunlops one day lately and passed dear old Auburn - it always makes me very melancholy now to drive that way Papa can tell you why -

And now I must remember that I must write to Mamma - & if not too [ ] perhaps to Papa - for I love both of them very much indeed - I hardly hope my dear children ever to see you again for I feel my days cannot be many in this world - but I earnestly hope and believe we shall meet in a much happier one - never more to part And meantime dear Harrie - think of me as I do of you when in prayer - & Believe me Your Affectionate Grandma

F Stewart

92-1002 #9

Christmas day


My own dear Harriette

I hope you are very well and very happy today - and as merry as people generally are at this sociable Season -

I have been some weeks intending to write to you, so that you should have my good wishes and loving remembrance on this day - but I have not been very well for sometime nor in very good spirits - and you know people cannot write cheerful or pleasant letters - unless they feel quite well and happy - One cause of my feeling dull was having been disappointed in my wish to send you all my very dear little Grandchildren - some little presents - but I found I could not manage it - so I wrote to dear Mamma - I fear a very dull & discontented sort of letter - for I felt so - & whenever I do so - it makes me feel sick - but I have had a cheerful day - for Aunt Kate & Uncle Robert and their six children spent the whole day here - from a little past 11 - in the morning - till near 10 at night

The servants of both families were allowed to go home to see their own friends - I am sorry to say none of our party were at Church - for it threatened rain and we are 5 miles from our Church - - Early in the Morning about 3 oclock - Mary & Caroline Mathias and Mary Brown went to Uncle Roberts house, & sung two nice hymns just near their bedroom window - One was Hark! the Herald Angels sing - and the other was Heavenly Home! - Heavenly Home! Precious name to me. - I dare say you know this last one of course you do the first one.

- Their voices sounded very nice in the stillness of that hour - We had no Christmas tree this year but on the Evening before 18 of my Grand children & their Mothers were here - & had a merry Evening with various games & they dressed up & acted Charades - some of the older ones - Oh I should have like so much to have your dear Papa & Mama & you my five dear children here along with ours - Aunt Louisas 5 were here - but she could not come - as she is staying in Peterboro - Aunt Annie and 7 of her children were here - but dear Uncle John is far away in Illinois - Aunt Kate and her six were here - besides Aunt Bee's 4 & our nieces & Uncle Robert - so we had a large party -

I think Harriet is writing a few lines to you - she is a very nice little girl - she is not at all fat - but is tall & thin she & Aunt Lou's little Birdie, are very fond of each other & go out on a little hand sleigh & slide down a little hill in our lawn - Papa will explain to you how they go -

I hope dear Harrie you may have & had a very merry Christmas & New Year - for both will be "bye gones" when this reaches you - I have a headache today but I dont think it is very bad - So dear I hope you will soon write to me - & believe me that though I have not been able to send you presents or to prove the truth of my words I am always your very loving Grandma

F Stewart

92-1002 #10

Douro - 24th Octr 1870

My dearest Harriet

Accept my sincere thanks for your nice long & interesting letter which Uncle Robert sent to me some days ago - I have not seen him yet, but I hope when he has time he will come here - for I always like to see him - and I want to hear a great deal about you all - Fan Hay has been here very often and she always has a great deal to tell me - she seems to have enjoyed her visit to London very much - and felt deeply the great kindness shown to her by the friends she staid with, to whom she was quite a stranger - as well as by your own dear Papa & Mama & indeed every body she met there

Few things make one more happy than [part of page missing] with kindness - and Fan seems to have been most fortunate in that way -

You say you should like to see me and I can assure you - that I should like very very much to see you and Lina & Nora and Henry and Johnny - I always look at the Photos of you & Lina & Nora whenever I am at Aunt Dunlops - I remembered your Birthday on the 11th - Aunt Bee and I talked about it, but alas my dear little Grand daughter I could not send you a present - nor did I write - for just about that time I was not well - and I wrote to Mamma soon after but I was not able to write well & I am not sure if I sent a message; but had not forgotten you

Our trees were very beautiful a week or two ago - the weather was most delightful - and so warm that we [part of page missing] - but now we have quite high [part of page missing] and frost every night - [part of page missing] shocks of Earthquake have been [part of page missing] all over this Province - on Thursday last particularly - we did not feel it here - but we heard a great noise like thunder - only not the sharp crashing sound that thunder has - but a rumbling sound, which continued for some minutes - Aunt Bee & Aunt Kate & Mary Mathias and I all heard it going on & thought it was distant thunder - afterward when we heard of the Earthquake we concluded it must have been connected with that as it was about the same hour - and it was a very cool day -

Did I tell you in my last letter that I had two dear little birds Canadian Canaries - One of them was tamer that the other and I called it Petsey - it sung very sweetly - and [part of page missing] nice little coaxing ways [part of page missing] its cage just outside the [part of page missing] everyday - but one day last week - I found it lying dead in the cage, and its poor little head taken off!! - So then I recollected having seen a Jay flying about amongst the trees near the house - and I am sure it killed my dear little Petsey! - I was very sorry - the other little bird was so frightened it could not eat & sat without moving for some hours - and its poor little heart kept beating quite hard - it was very sick & very dull for several days - & is only just [now] beginning to recover - but it has not sung at all - I am sure it feels lonely after the other

Harriet Brown wishes you would write to her soon - I think you would be very fond of her - she is such a nice little girl - Mary Mathias teaches her every day She is very good natured & merry and runs & jum[ps] about - We have a good many apples now & Harriet hel[ps] to gather the[m] - She sends h[er] love & so doe[s] Aunt Bee an[d] your own v[ery] fond Grand[ma]

F. Stewart

Pray write to me again and to Harriet

Monday -


97-023/1/1 Indenture


Kivas Tully and Maria Elizabeth Tully

his wife


Edward Brown

Robert Dennistoun

Conveyancer [ ]



I certify that a Memorial of the within was recorded in the Registry Office for the County of Peterboro' At 10,30 AM On 20th March 1861 In Lib, G1 Fol 14564

Chas. Rubidge


We Samual Strickland and Robert Casement Esquires two of Her Majestys Justices of the Peace in and for the United Counties of Peterborough and Victoria do hereby certify that on this Twenty Seventh day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty [in] the township of Douro in the said County of Peterborough the within deed was duly executed in the presence of us by Maria Elizabeth Tully wife of Kivas Tully one of the grantors therein named and that the said Maria Elizabeth Tully at the said time and place living Examined by us apart from her husband did appear to give her consent to depart with her Estate in the land mentioned in the said deed freely and voluntarily and without coercion or fear of coercion on the part of her husband or of any other person or persons whatsoever

Sam Strickland. J.P.

Robert Casement JP

This Indenture made this Twenty Seventh day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty Between Kivas Tully of the City of Toronto in the County of York Architect and Civil Engineer and Maria Elizabeth his wife of the first part and Edward Brown of the township of Douro in the County of Peterborough Gentleman of the second part Witnesseth that the said Kivas Tully and Maria Elizabeth Tully in consideration of the sum of Ten shillings of lawful money of Canada to them in hand paid by the said Edward Brown (the receipt whereof is hereby by them acknowledged) do hereby assign transfer convey and set over remise release and for Ever relinquish unto the said Edward Brown his heirs and assigns all the Estate right title interest use trust property claim and demand of what kind soever whether at [Law] or in Equity and whether present or future of them the said Kivas Tully and Maria Elizabeth Tully or of either of them [ ] to or out of That Piece or Parcel of land Situate lying and being in the said township of Douro in the County of Peterborough aforesaid in that part of the Province of Canada heretofore called Upper Canada containing by admeasurement one hundred acres be the same more or less and being Composed of The West Half of Lot number six in the Ninth concession of the said township of Douro - To Have and To Hold to the said Edward Brown his heirs and assigns to and for his and their sole and only use for Ever

In witness whereof the said parties have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year [ ] hereintofore written

Sealed Signed and Delivered

in presence of

Haynes [King]ham [Higgan---]Kivas Tully

Maria E Tully

97-023/1/1 Will






Henry Louis Stewart

This is the last Will and Testament of Me Thomas Alexander Stewart of the Township of Douro. in the Colbourne District and Province of Canada. -

I give and bequeath unto my wife Frances all my household furniture, stock implements and utensils of husbandry, books plate and all other my personal property of whatsoever nature or kind, which may be and remain after the payment of my just debts (save and except my copy of Rie's Encyclopeadia and also the sum of three Thousand Pounds now standing partly in the public funds and partly in other securities, set fourth and mentioned in certain deeds of settlement made and executed on the inter[ ] of me the said Thomas Alexander Stewart with my said wife, and [being] date on or about the sixteenth day of December in the Year of our Lord One Thousand eight hundred and sixteen) To Hold unto my said wife to and for her absolute use and benefit. - - I give, devise and bequeath the said sum of Three Thousand Pounds, to Stafford Frederick Kirkpatrick of the City of Kingston in the Midland District and province aforesaid Esquire. And Thomas Hay of the Town of Peterborough in the said Colbour District Esquire. And the survivors of them, and executors or administrators of such survivors. In trust to receive the interest and annual proceeds thereof, and to pay the same when received unto my wife Frances during the term of her Natural life. And from and immediately after her deceace in Trust to sell and transfer the said sum of Three Thousand pounds for the best price that can be obtained therefor and to pay and apply the proceeds of such sale or transfer in Manner following that is to say - As to two hundred pounds - part thereof - to pay to my son George Alexander Stewart to and for his own use and benefit. - And as to the rest residue and remainder of the proceeds of the sale or transfer of the said sum of Three Thousand pounds in trust to divide the same between and amongst my four daughters, Anna Maria Hay, Eleanor Susannah Dunlop, Elizabeth Lydia Stewart, and Catherine Mary Stewart, their executors, administrators and assigns equally share and share alike. - And in case either or both of my said daughters Elizabeth Lydia and Catherine Mary shall die sole and unmarried during the lifetime of my said wife, then and in that case, in trust to pay the presumptive share or shares of her or them in dying as aforesaid unto my younger sons Charles Edward, and Henry Louis their Executors administrators and ["and" crossed out] or assigns equally share and share alike. - - My copy of Rie's Encyclopeadia before mentioned I give and bequeath to my said son George Alexander. - And it is my will and I do hereby declare and direct that the portion or share of the said sum of Three Thousand pounds herein before devised by me to and for my said daughter Anna Maria Hay is to be accepted and taken as and for and the same as hereby declared to be in full discharge and payment of the sum of Five hundred pounds advanced to me by my said daughter Anna Maria Hay and for which the said Anna Maria Hay holds my certain deed of bargain and sale by way of Mortgage in security - and my said daughter Anna Maria Hay is only to be entitled to the benefit of the devises hereby made to or in trust for her on condition that proper and valid release and discharge of the said mortgage and of the said sum of five hundred pounds is secured thereby, - be first duly executed - I give devise and bequeath all my real estate and property whatsoever and wheresoever situated unto the said Stafford Frederick Kirkpatrick and Thomas Hay and the Survivors of them and the heirs, Executors and administrators of such survivors in trust to permit and suffer my said wife Frances to receive and take the rents, issues, and profits thereof, and to use, occupy and enjoy the same for and during her natural life, and from and immediately after the decease of my said wife. then in trust - as to those certain portions thereof constituting the Ghrist Mill property now under lease to and in the occupation of one Donald McFarlane and composed of part of Lot Number one in the twelfth Concession of the said Township of Douro. And containing by admeasurement, [ ] two [ ] and thirty-three perches more or less according to the [ ] and description thereof made and given by one John Reid, Deputy Provincial Land Surveyor

For my said daughter Anna Maria Hay her heirs and assigns to and for her own sole and seperate use part from her present or any future husband and not to be subject to his or their debts controul or engagements but to be absolutely disposed of as she my said daughter Anna Maria Hay shall from time to time by visiting and under her own hand direct and appoint and as to the residue and remainder of the said lot number one in the Thirteenth Concession of the said Township of Douro, and also as to that part of Lot Number One in the twelfth Concession of the said Township, which cut off by and is situate to the west of the Queens Highway in trust to and to divide the same into three equal parts and as to that portion thereof which is next adjoining on the south to that portion so divided to or in trust for my said daughter Anna Maria Hay to convey and transfer the same unto my said daughter Eleanor Susannah Dunlop her heirs and assigns for her own sole use apart from her present or any future husband and not to be subject to his or their debts, controul or engagements but to be absolutely disposed of as my said daughter Eleanor S Dunlop shall from time to time by or under her hand direct and appoint and as to that portion of the said lots to be divided as aforesaid next adjoining on the south to the portion above give or devised or bequeathed ["or bequeathed" crossed out] to or in trust for the said Eleanor S Dunlop as aforesaid in trust to convey or transfer the same unto my daughter Elizabeth Lydia, her heirs and assigns to her own sole and seperate use apart from any husband with whom she may hereafter intermarry and not be subject to his debts controul or engagements, but to be absolutely disposed of by her in like manner as the portions given and divided to or in trust for my said daughters Anna Maria Hay and Eleanor S Dunlop - And as to the remaining portion of the said Lots, so to be divided ["ided" crossed out] divised as aforesaid which is next adjoining the portion last above given or devised to or in trust for the said Elizabeth Lydia Stewart as aforesaid in trust to convey and transfer the same unto my said daughter Catherine Mary Stewart her heirs and assigns to her own sole and seperate use apart from any husband with whom she may hereafter intermarry and not be subject to his debts, controul or any engagements, but to be absolutely disposed of in like manner as the other portions so given and devised to or in trust for my said other daughters as hereinbefore mentioned.

And as to all that portion of Lot Number two in the twelfth Concession of the said Township of Douro, which does not comprise or form part of the saw mill site and reservation now under lease to Donald McFarlane or which does not comprise or form any part of the land herein after directed to be set appart ["appart" crossed out] and apportioned unto of other mill sites or reservations and also as that part of Lot Number [three] in the twelfth concession of the aforesaid Township of Douro called the Park containing about thirty acres more or less and which is bounded by the public Road on the east entrust to convey and transfer or otherwise assign the same to my son William Stewart his heirs and assigns for ever. - And as to Lot number one in the eleventh concession of the aforesaid Township, containing by admeasurement two hundred acres more or less. And also as to the saw mill now laid under lease by me to the said Donald McFarlane and being part of Lot number two in the twelfth concession of the said Township of Douro. in trust to convey transfer or otherwise assume the same to my son Francis Thomas Stewart his heirs and assigns for ever. - And as to all the residue of Lot number one in the twelfth concession of the said Township not hereinbefore specifically given or devised in trust to convey and transfer or otherwise assume the same unto my son John Stewart his heirs and assigns for ever - And as to the east one hundred and fifty acres of Lot Number three in the eleventh Concession of the said Township in trust to convey and transfer or otherwise ass[ ] the same unto my son Charles Edward Stewart his heirs and assigns for ever. - And as to the remaining portion of Lot number three in the twelfth concession of the said Township not having before specifically given or devised, and also as to the remaining fifty acres of lot Number three in the eleventh concession of the said Township, not having before specifically given or devised, in trust to convey and transfer or otherwise ass[ ] the same unto my son Henry Louis Stewart his heirs and assigns for ever. - Provided always and I hereby declare by will that in case of any or either of my said sons dying during the lifetime of my said wife Frances, sole and unmarried than and in such case the portion or share which he or they would have taken under this my will shall be divided between and amongst them ["m" crossed out] survivors of my said sons equally share and share alike, and shall be transferred or otherwise ass[ ] to them respectively and to their respective heirs and assigns for ever. - And I hereby give my aforesaid trustees or the survivor full power to divide and apportion the share or shares of my sons so dying as aforesaid between and amongst the survivors of my said sons, and their division and [approperment] in every other case directed by this my will to be made shall be final. - And in case any or either of my said sons shall die during the lifetime of my said wife and leaving a widow or widows but without issue - then and in such case it is my will that the portions or shares which my said son or sons so dying as last aforesaid would have taken under this my will shall be held and enjoyed by their said widow or widows respectively during the term of the natural life or lives of such widow or widows respectively unless the said widow or widows shall again marry, and from and immediately after the decease of the said widow or widows respectively or in case she or they may ["may" crossed out] shall again marry, so often as either event shall happen, then it is my will that the respective portions or shares last mentioned shall either be divided between or amongst the survivors of my said sons equally share and share alike, and therefore conc[ ] transferred or otherwise ass[ ] to them respectively and to their respective heirs and assigns for ever - or else that the said respective portions or shares shall be sold by the Trustees or trustee for the time being of this my will, for the best price that can be obtained therefor, and the produce of any such sale divided between and amongst the survivors of my said sons equally share and share alike, As the Trustees or trustee for the time being of this my will may be deemed most expedient and advisable - And I hereby direct the Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my will immediately on the decease of my wife Frances to set out and apportion for each of my sons herein after mentioned - that is to say my sons William, John, George Alexander, Charles Edward and Henry Louis and their respective heirs and assigns a mill site and mill reservation on that part of Lot Number two in the twelfth concession of the said Township, which lies south of the saw mill and premises now leased to the said Donald McFarlane and herein before given or devised to or in trust for my said son Francis Thomas and to convey and transfer or otherwise ass[ ] the said mill sites or mill reservations when set out and apportioned in the manner following that is to say to my said son Henry Louis his heirs and assigns a mill site or mill reservations next adjoining on the south to that devised to or in trust for the said Francis Thomas - To my son William his heirs and assigns a mill site or reservation next adjoining on the south to that apportioned to Henry Louis - To my son John his heirs and assigns a mill site or mill reservation next adjoining on the south side to that apportioned to William - To my son George Alexander his heirs and assigns a mill site or reservation next adjoining on the south to that apportioned to John - And to my son Charles Edward his heirs and assigns a mill site or reservation next adjoining on the south to that apportioned to George Alexander

And as to all the rest ressidue and remainder of My Estate and property both real and personal not hereinbefore by me specifically give devised and bequeathed in trust to divide the same between and amongst all my surviving sons to be held by them and their respective heirs administrators and assigns equally share and share alike for ever. - And I do hereby constitute and appoint my said wife Frances and the said Stafford Frederick Kirkpatrick and Thomas Hay Executors of this my last will and Testament Hereby revoking all former wills made by me, in witness of which I herewithin do set my Hand and Seal this the third day of August in the Year of Our Lord one Thousand eight hundred and forty seven


Thomas Alexander Stewart

witnessed by

A. Rubi[dge]

Andrew Foulis

Robt. C. Armstrong

97-023/1/3 Extract of "Our Forest Home" (See also 78-008/2/14 #277)

[Note: some of this extract seems to have clarifying notes written in the hand of Frances Stewart]

C.E.S. 1879.

Sent to my dear Mother on the 18 Nov 1871 She died 24th Feby 1872 / CES

Mrs Stewart and her eldest sister Mrs Kirkpatrick, the wife of the worthy and respected Rector of Craigs Antrim were the only surviving children of the Late Very Revd Francis Browne Dean of Elphin; Son of the Revd William Browne. Vicar of St Andrews, Dublin and his wife Frances, eldest daughter of the Venerable Francis Hutchinson Archdeacon of Down & Connor; brother of Dr. Samuel Hutchinson Bishop of Killala, who died in 1780. Ancestor of the present Sir Edward S. Hutchinson, Bart., and of Sir John Synge Bart.

Her mother was sister of the Late Revd. [word crossed out; illegible] Mungo H. Waller, whose family have resided for more than two centuries at [continues after next square-bracketed section]

[My Mothers Notes CES

[this section seems to be written in the hand of Frances Stewart]

x His Mother Maria Newcome oldest daughter of Primate Newcome -

x was born in Dublin - Marlborough Street 24th May 1794 -

Mrs Brownes her ["her" crossed out] eldest sister Susan Noble had devoted the best part of her life & prospects to the care of this now helpless sister - the little ["little" crossed out] eldest daughter Catherine was left under the care of her Aunt Mrs Sutton at [Ballina] in Ireland [co. ] - and in 1801 - was taken to join her Mother at Bath where she remained till after her Mother's death when she was kindly adopted by her Aunt & Uncle Revd. Thos. Sutton - at that time returning to Ireland where he was appointed to the Rectory of Clongill Co Meath - & where her Aunt Miss Noble also resided Fanny Browne was adopted by her Grand Uncle Robert Waller Esqr of Allenstown on the death of her father when only 2 ½ years old -]

Allenstown-Meath. The present possessor of the Estate is James [N.] Waller, Esq. D.L.C. x Grandson of His Grace Archbishop Newcome. His Mother Maria - Newcome eldest daughter of Primate Newcome. -

Mrs. Stewart was born at the Deary Elphim: ["Dear Elphim" crossed out], her father who was Bishop Elect of Waterford died suddenly in 1796. before entering upon the duties of his Episcopall; his widow, who was in declining health removed shortly after this sad event with her eldest daughter ["daughter" crossed out] sister to Clifton Bath England, where she died in 1809.

Thus early bereaved of both parents she [word crossed out; illegible] was placed with her Uncles family at Allenstown, where many of her earliest recollections were formed, and some of the alarming events of the great Rebellion impressed upon her mind

[[this section seems to be written in the hand of Frances Stewart]

In 1800 it was necessary for Mr Waller to go to London on some Business - & as Mrs Wallers health required change the whole family went to England for one year - & Fanny Browne during that time remained at Collon - under the care of her Great Aunt Mrs Beaufort & Revd Dr Beaufort Rector of Collon - Dr Beaufort was a Man of extensive taste & knowledge - most refined manners, & particularly engaging deportment - here her tastes were first formed in Music - drawing & general literature besides being tho - only six years old - introduced into the best Society - as she was taken notice of by all the visitors - & was frequently invited to accompany her Aunt in spending evenings with Lady Furrow - (wife of the Honble John Foster afterward Lord Oriel) & her daughter who afterwards married the 1st Lord Dufferin - Lady Florence Balfour also was a visitor at Collon who kindly took notice of "little Fanny" - ]

After the return of the Allenstown family FB was taken charge of by her cousin Miss Beaufort who from that time till Mrs Stewarts marriage was her constant kind instructress & steady faithful friend till her death - in 1865 -

The Hill of Tara - insulated in a widely surrounding plain, was the scene of a terrible slaughter within sight of the Allenstown House from the Attics of which the family watched the movements of the contending parties where four hundred on both sides were killed, many of the escaped & wounded taking refuge in the enclosures around Allenstown.

At different periods, Mrs Stewart spent considerable time, with her relatives Mr. & Mrs. Edgeworth; one visit in 1804 & 1805. she has always spoken of as the most charming events of her early life and of the advantages she received from Mr Edgeworths course of Literary instructions, as it was his custom to call upon all the family to hear and judge of all he and his daughter were writing; the taste for literature was by this means formed & exercised in a large family: stories of children exercised the judgement of children and so on in proportion to their respective ages, all giving their opinions and trying their power of criticism fearlessly & freely. Miss Edgeworth in their midst of all her literary labors, delighted to please those around her, for the amusement of her brothers and sisters she wrote many little plays for their birthdays: in the memoirs of this highly gifted and popular Authoress lately published we find Mrs. Stewarts name frequently mentioned as taking part with her cousins in their entertaining and harmless plays at Edgeworthtown.

[[this section seems to be written in the hand of Frances Stewart]

x this front shd. come in where Dr Beaufort is first mentioned - page 3 - my addition


On the death of Mr. Waller she removed from Allenstown with his widow and sister to Dublin and resided with one of the family of her Uncle [word crossed out; illegible] [see page 3] Dr Beaufort, the father of Mrs Edgeworth, who was so well known to the British public as the Author of the best Map of Ireland and most valuable Memoirs on the Topography Civil and Eccleseostical state of that country, he was an Excellent Clergyman & a Man of taste & Literature: Thus all her early life was passed in the midst of refinement, talents and Literature.

In 1817, the subject of this narrative married Thos. Alexder Stewart Esq of Wilmont Antrim whose family (originally from [Gradies Wigtounshire]) had resided at Ballydraine Co Down for some generations, owing to serious losses through mismanagement and [ ] of a near relation and Trustee, who had complete control over considerable Interest and other property of Mr Stewarts, he was forced into several heavy Lawsuits in endeavouring to gain his rights so cruelly made away with: this proved to a great extent a fruitless business, and he saw that he was not only further involving himself but entailing serious responsibilities on his family. Thus deprived of a large fortune, he finally made up his mind against the opinion and wishes of his many and attached friends to leave all and cast his lot with his young family in Canada.

On the 1st June 1822 the good ship "George" sailed from Belfast on board of which were Mr. & Mrs. Stewart and family Mr & Mrs. Reid and their family, two or three servants and with every imaginable farming implement, household articles, ["household articles" crossed out] carpenters tools, several tons of hardware, such as nails, screws &c with any ["any" crossed out] every amount of household articles that could be collected together, with a view of commencing a settlement in the backwoods, this little band of Pioneers arrived on the 1st August at Quebec after a voyage of nine weeks. They were kindly received by Bishop Mountain the only Protestant Bishop then in Canada. Nothing could exceed the hospitality of this good bishop from whom much valuable information was obtained. His death on the 15th June 1828 cast a general gloom over the whole British settlement and so generally beloved and respected was he that the principle Roman Catholic clergy and citizens joined in following his remains to the grave. ["Mrs Stewart remained some days with his Lordship [ ] while preparations were being made for their journey to York. (Toronto)" crossed out]

During their progress in open boats from La Chine up the St. Lawrence Mrs Stewart soon began to feel the hardships of a Canadian life; she and her family generally preferred sleeping on fresh hay, the beds at i were so full of vermin, sometimes they even slept on the ground sheltered from the night air by an awning and more than once in their open boats under a heavy dew - She speaks of the farmers with great gratitude where ever she stopped at.

Their houses she was received with the greatest hospitality, and her children plentifully supplied with milk and good bread -. Throughout her journal and in all her letters, there is the most amiable disposition to make the best of everything and to enjoy whatever little comfort she could find in her situation without looking back on her former very different life.

After remaining some weeks at York negociating with government for a grant of land, they finally decided upon going into the New Castle District, North of Lake Ontario, with this object they set out in October and settled at Cobourg as a temporary residence while a house was building for them on the land they had obtained.

We here give a few extracts of some of Mrs Stewarts published letters, written at this date which are very interesting as descriptions of the Country, the dwelling and mode of travelling and as giving a stricking contrast to the present development of these rich and beautiful countries: She describes her house thus -

Cobourg Oct 30th 1822.

"There are Three rooms on the ground floor and four above, but they are so small they are like little closets; we continue however to squeeze into them, and though we shall be here two months, we can easily reconcile ourselves to these little inconveniences, There is a nice grassy place in front of the house, it is paled in, and the children can play in it with safety, that is one great comfort, we found some boards in the barn and Mr Stewart whose old taste as an amateur mechanic are now very useful, has made temporary shelves and tables of them, we have at present neither table chair nor bedstead, the carriage of these articles was too expensive for us; but we have screws and all things ready to make them when we are settled in our Loghouse, for which I long as ardently as if it was a Palace -. "Our bedrooms have no doors but we hang up blankets which answer the purpose, fortunately we have plenty of these, and the air is so dry that we do not suffer from the cold, though the nights are frosty, and not a fireplace in the house except in the Kitchen. The frost has given the woods a gray look, instead of the beautiful autumnal tints they had before,

Four years ago there were but two houses here; now it is a nice thriving town, with a neat Church, a large school house and some very good shops or stores as they are called; and the houses in general are very neat

Cobourg Jany 1st 23.

We have been detained here longer than we intended; first by the illness of my eldest girl, and next waiting for snow to make the roads fit for travelling; at present they are in such a state of roughness from the hard frost after the heavy rains of last month, that the jolting of either "cart of waggon could not be borne. There no covered carriages here, [words crossed out; illegible] They are very roughly made with two seats placed across one before the other and have rather an odd appearance for gentlemens carriages"

"This new year's day I hope you are as well and happy as I am; and I am sure it will give you pleasure to know, my beloved friends that we could indulge ourselves by going to Church on Christmas day, and receiving the Sacrement Do not imagine that in this banishment, as I fear you still consider it, these duties are neglected; far from it; we have a Church near us, and I thank God the inclination to make use of it."

Loghouse Feby 24th/23

Here we are at last; and though we must bear a good deal of inconvenience for some time, yet we feel all the enjoyment of being really at home.

On Monday morning Feb 10th we left Cobourg. Mr Stewart and I on one seat, with a little girl between us; the maid and the other two children on the seat before us, and our charioteer in front. We had blankets and cloaks to roll about our feet, and a basket of cold meat and bread. Another sleigh carried our bedding, trunks and luggage, besides baskets of poultry and our two dogs #

We travelled twenty miles that day very pleasantly: passing through miles and miles of forest. I was delighted with this new scene, every now and then we came to small clearings with log houses, and generally with a good stock of cattle and poultry.

At four oclock we reaches the inn #; and we passed the night there very comfortably sleeping on the floor [second "on the floor" crossed out] in the sitting room, where we spread our mattresses and blankets. Next day our road lay through thick woods; Indeed it scarcely deserved that name for it was merely a track through the snow where other sleighs had lately passed. We turned backwards and forwards through the crowded trees, and often had showers of snow from the branches which our heads touched: The boughs of the beautiful hemlock pine were so loaded with it, and bent down so low, that we were obliged to lie down to pass under them; and twice we were obliged to stop and cut a passage where trees had fallen across the way. we drove for nine miles through the woods without seeing any habitation, except two Indian huts.

When we arrived at the banks of the river near the Mills, we found that the ice had given away, so that the sleighs could not cross; and the Millers boat could not ply, because there was still a broad border of ice on each side of the river. We sent a man across to beg of our friend Mr [ ] who was settled there, to send his oxen and sleigh to a part of the River called the Little Lake, two miles lower down and we determined to walk across.

This delay was very embarrassing, but our travels were nearly at an end, and that gave us spirits to proceed with vigour through the snow which came above our ankles. The friends who came from the opposite side to meet us carried the two youngest children; the workmen carried our bedding, and everything else we left at the mill. With this assistance we contrived to cross, and being soon packed into the sleigh, we proceeded in the shades of evening to our home, through nearly five miles of wood. Our Loghouse was quite illuminated by the glare of the fires which had been prepared for us, and even had there been no fires, we should have been warmed by the joy of ["of" crossed out] our friends shewed at seeing us here.

We have been most prosperous in everything, voyage, journey, and health; and when I look back and think of all we have gone through since you and I parted, I cannot help feeling surprise, mixed with gratitude to that Merciful Being, who has watched over us and protected us all" -

Loghouse April 5th

You cannot ["not" crossed out] scarcely conceive, when I saw your handwriting, the thrill of delight it gave me - Your letter was a real feast - I could not sleep that night, from the fulness of my head and heart -

The snow I am told, continues later this year than usual; in some places it was three feet deep, and is still deep though it has gone off rapidly within the last fortnight, as it thaws a little every day, while the sun is hot" -

The buds are all swelling, and I have heard one or two new birds of late - but they stay up in the high trees and I have not been able to see them

We have numbers of dear little tomtits, and some sparrows & crows. I used to despise all these at home; but here I delight in them, they are like old acquaintances, when we first came here, I heard an eagle very often but he has deserted us -

I am surprised at the nice green herbage that is under the snow; by which, and the decayed leaves, it has been preserved from the frost. The children bring in plants every day; The mosses and lichens are all quite new to me - The deep snow has delayed the clearing of our land; next week we are to have five men here to cut down trees, choppers as they are called; we have one at present and it is astonishing with what dexterity and speed he fells the huge hemlock pines, nearly one hundred fee high. It is almost sublime to see them stoop their dark heads slowly, and then fall, very gradually at first, but soon increasing in rapidity - tearing off the neighbouring branches, shaking all the other trees and coming down with a crash that makes the whole forest echo the sound - The Americans from the United States are employed to chop - as they are more expert than people from the old country and can make the trees the precise direction they choose in falling.

There are some families here who for the first six months had no food of any kind, except salt pork for breakfast dinner and supper, and without even bread; we have good bread and peas and sometimes turnips and ["and" crossed out] with excellent milk - we brought barley and rice with us; and the arrowroot that you gave me is a great comfort to the Children; - I never saw them more healthy creatures -

May 2d

Last week we were busily engaged in burning the fallen trees, which covered the surface of the ground that we had cleared.

The branches were first piled up and burned, then the great stems, which had been cut into pieces about twelve feet long, were drawn together by the oxen, with much labour raised into piles, and set on fire. This was a very dangerous operation, for some of them were very near our wooden house; and the whole surface of the ground is combustible, as for several inches depth it is composed of leaves and bark and looks like a bed of peat earth. When this takes fire the flames rapidly spread and are very difficult to distinguish, but we are now safe. -

The Indians sometimes walk into our house; but they are harmless and inoffensive and ask only for whisky which they like better than anything else. They bring baskets and little bowls and dishes made of the bark of the birch tree and are glad to sell them for spirits flour or pork. They come down the river in their canoes and can paddle them across the rapids just opposite this house, where no European could venture in a boat. -

June 5th

Our first spring flowers were hepaticas, which actually carpeted the ground as daisies do at home: they were single but very large, blue, pink and white. We had the pretty yellow dogtooth violets in profusion, then white and crimson lilies, both of them handsome, but with an odious smell: There was another very elegant plant with leafe like frunitory, the root a collection of reddish bulbs and the flowers something like a butterfly orchis. - We have now an abundance yellow white and purple violets, but the white only have a sweet smell. There is also a beautiful yellow ladies slipper and numerous other flowers which I may describe some other time. Our shrubs are leatherwood, cranberry, dogberry, Alpine honey suckle without scent and syringa. The trees are Elm, maple oak beech cedar, hemlock pine, hickory and lime. The oak grows tall and straight in these forests. I spend what time I can spare in examining the trees and plants that are new to me - We have a great deal of the moss or rather tillandsia about which you inquired: it hangs from almost every tree, and we saw it in quantities along the banks of the St Lawrence before we reached Quebec The Captain of our vessel told us it was used in the States to stuff beds, and that he had carried some home to his wife for that purpose. -

July 1st -

I must give you a sketch of the manner in which we pass our time. Mr Stewart goes out at five and returns to breakfast at seven; he then works at his farm till twelve, when dinner is ready; after which he rests sometimes, and again works till eight, when I summon him to coffee

Household cares and preparations occupy me all the morning and teaching the Children, and working for them the rest of the day - after they go to bed I have a nice hour for reading or writing.

It is the custom for ladies in this country to dress in the morning very plainly, and suited to the hard work in which we must all take part: after dinner they put on silk gowns and smart caps and either go out to pay visits or stay at home to receive them. But we live in such perfect solitude in these woods, that we have no neighbours to go to, or to expect here. We are going on as yet in smiling prospects and doing something every day that tends to our comfort but we must be contented to advance very slowly - In spite of every effort my thoughts too often turn to dear home and [fond] times, or sometimes they take a far stretch forward, but these are only [ ] visions which I do not encourage. Yet I cannot help praying that we may be permitted to meet again in a few years. I fear setting my heart too much on this, but I trust to the support of providence under every disappointment, and under every trial. Trials we must have in all places still more in these dreary woods" -

"In the Autumn of our first year in Douro our youngest little girl of not quite two years old was seized with Dysentry. I was quite ignorant of the disease and there was no Doctor within reach - The nearest being Dr Hutcheson who then resided in Cavan, a good many miles distant. We had as yet no canoes on the River and were often depending on a chance visit of the Indians for a passage to the other side. One of our hired men, a faithful Highlander, seeing how very ill our darling was volunteered to swim across the rapid stream and walk through the woods to the Doctor, promising that if I wrote the particulars, he would bring the necessary medicines. He started early in the morning of a cold October day and returned about midnight with some powders, and a message that the Doctor would come up on the following day - But no improvement and the day passed in great anxiety for the Doctor did not arrive.

On the third day he came having left at the promised time, but lost his way in the woods and hence the delay. The next day she appeared more lively, but refused to take the arrowroot and sayo which I offered her. She asked for bread, and of this we had none fit to give her, having for sometime been unable to procure good flour. It was a bitter trial not to have what she asked for ["asked for" crossed out] seemed to crave for.

The next day she fell into a stupor and towards midnight her angel spirit passed away to the immortal Land." -

On the 27th October were assembled together the whole of the Settlement, including the six Highlanders employed in clearing the land, in all numbering twenty seven souls. The only Christian inhabitants in that vast forest stretching for thousands of miles [ ] broken East and North of the Otonabee and the Little Lake, to follow to the grave the youngest and most endearing of the little band of Pilgrims who had arrived on the shores of the Ontario the previous year: The spot selected as the last resting place lay midway between Mr Stewarts clearing and that of Mr Reids on a sloping ground known as "Hemlock Bray" beneath four [ ] Hemlock pines whose interwoven and spreading branches formed a perfect canopy and whose huge rough dark gray trunks or stems with their spiral tops towered far above carrying ones heart and eyes away in the clear vault of heaven: No human architect could equal in design the solemn grandeur of this sepulchre under whose sombre shade this sorrowing group [ ] were gathered together in mournful silence: strong and hardy men stood there breathless beholding the scene which lay before them rendered the more solemn and sublime by the knowledge that they were assembled alone in the midst of the noble works of God untouched by the hand of man.

The generous and stalworth Donald who had risked his life so lately in procuring remedies to relieve the little sufferer whose remains were now in the midst of this solemn scene being consigned to the earth, was powerless to restrain the outpouring of his noble and swelling heart. Deep and lasting the memory of that day sank into the hearts of all who joined in the beautiful and touching burial service of the Church of England, heard for the first time in the midst of the little band of pioneers who founded the settlement in that vast wilderness - No hallowed spot was ever dedicated with more beautiful prayers than that where little Bessy is ["is" crossed out] was laid beneath those noble hemlock trees.

[Returned to me by my sister Bessie on the 24th July 1872



Chas E. Stewart Esqr

10 Alfrid Road

London England



Chas E Stewart Esqr

10 Alfrid Road




[[ ] Mail

Mrs. Stewart







97-023/1/4 Letter dated Dec. 12, 1825

[TAS to Major Frood, Dec. 12, 1825 [cf pp 82-4 OFH]]

[ ] Fanny & # often regret you did not put your plans in execution & join us in the woods, & more so, as things have turned out now, & are likely to improve more. You can form no idea how fast this country is getting on, & particularly in this immediate neighbourhood. I believe I mentioned to you in a former letter that Cobourg was our nearest market, we have now a market within 2 miles of us, & a place that is likely to beat Cobourg in a very few years. Land is more than double what it was in value since this time 6 months, not one good lot I had laid out for you which I could have got for 5# per acre, the duty done, are 15# now. The principal reason for this, is the arrival & settling of 2000 Emigrants from Ireland. - - They have been settled all through these townships. The Hon ble Mr Robinson who was appointed by Govt to conduct the people of their lands, fortunately for us, chose this place; he is a most Gentlemanlike man & being born in this country is most completely adapted for such an undertaking -

I must tell you that 2 miles below this is the head of the river Otonabee navigation, & on the west side of the river are extensive plains containing nearly 2000 acres this was# reserved for a town plot. Up to this place Mr R. brought the new settlers, here they pitched their tents until their lands were appointed to them, - - they are now almost all gone from the camp, except a few tradesmen, # have their houses built & are busy clearing land. Not one that is not making rapid strides to being independant. Every one is found for a year from the time they# go on their land, in provisions - - & each family gets a cow, deed, & utensils; poor people it would delight to see how happy they are in general. Of course where there are so many, & those coming from the worst parts of Ireland there must be a few black sheep amongst them; but tho' they have been now 4 months encamped in this country & had during that time nothing to do, yet there has not been one complaint against them. - - But to go back - - On these plains where they encamped - a few months ago there was only one poor farm house & a miserable mill. Now a flourishing village containing stores of all kinds of merchandise, stores of provissions#, 2 saw mills - - Smiths shops - - bake houses, Doctors# shops, dwelling houses. Every day people coming in to take a town lot, shoemakers, masons, carpenters - - every day I go down something new. We have laid out lots for the Church, Schoolhouse, Courthouse, Jail, &ec many of which will commence next Spring. The situation for our new town is one of the most beautiful places I have seen in this country, remarkably healthy & plenty of good building/ stone close by. When we came here first we could not get a joint of [meat xed out] fresh meat for love or money, - - now we have a meat market every Saturday, 3 butchers at work. The stores will take all kinds of grain & everything that can be raised on a farm, so we are in a fair way of doing well. It is said the Land company will come here - - if so we are made up & this will be the best inland situation in the province. I am in great hopes to get one or two things for myself, but more of that when the time comes. There will be some good things here - - & I think I have a good chance. I have taken a building lot in our new town, & if I get the situation I want I shall move there. I shall only be a mile & half# from this, so that I can have my house supplied from the farm. You must know that I have given up the cares of the farm very much# - - having engaged a Farmer on the American plan as I find it will be less expensive. I give the farmer all the cleared land for 3 years, with all the stock - - seed & utensils for the first; - he is to give me the one half of everything he raises, half of the young stock of every kind & at the end of 3 years he returns the original stock & utensils allowing for wear & tear. So that I have not the trouble; or expense of Labourers. I go on clearing land & adding to the farm so that by next summer I shall have 60 acres under crops; & every year after I expect to add 10 or 20 acres. My share will come to more than I can [lay out xed out] consume in the family, & no layings# out, whereas if I kept the farm in my own hands, I should be obliged to have men always working, & the farm would not afford that as Labour is so high. I also give up my sugar making in the same way. I am going to have a brood mare & sow & a stock of horses - - that I shall manage on the same plan so that I shall avoid all expense or trouble. I shall be obliged to you to procure me a neat, cheap, good, one horse harness such as would do for a gig, & if you would send it to 31 Merrion St in a box, so as to be sent in spring, as soon as I hear of its being there & you or Miss Beaufort will let me know the price I will get her to pay you for them#. I shall indeed be very much obliged if you will do this for me, perhaps you could get them 2nd hand for me, nearly new. Everything of that kind is so dear & bad in this country. - -

Our society is improving very fast here but we are sadly in want of a Clergyman; I am in hopes Dr Stewart our present Bishop will do something for us very soon. We commence our Church in Spring - - We have changed the situation very much for the better; every one thinks it best to have it in the village as it would be more in the centre of the settlers & only a pleasant walk from this. We have laid off the ground of it & the Church yard & a most beautiful situation it is, on a rising ground with a few fine old Oaks scattered over it - - it will overlook the town & have a fine view of the river.

The river just opposite the village is very broad with a number of beautiful wooded islands, our bridge will be just above the Islands - - so that the river will be enchanting - - Everything is so combined to make this one of the most delightful spots in the world - - I know if you had come here you would have been well pleased. - -

Our Dr Reade I believe knew you - - he was in the army, he is employed by Govt# to attend the new settlers. He is married & Mrs Reade is very pleasant

We are to open our new town in a day of this, with a grand dinner# to assist the Inn Keeper, I have sent to the Indians for Venison, fish & wild fowl - -

The sleighing is # begun, so we expect a large party - - & such a turn out has not been in the woods for some time. We expect the Governor Sir P. Maitland this winter at the Government House [which is a handsome house commanding a view of the front street]. If any one had told me all this 4 months ago I should have thought them mad.

You cannot think or conceive how interesting all this is, such a bustle in the midst of the great woods of Canada. [ ]

97-023/1/4 Letter dated Nov. 5, 1842

[F.S. to Mrs. Sutton, Nov 5th, 1842 [extract by FS or BB? cf p 183 OFH]

xxx [ ]

How often we find that the very thing we think most delightful turns out a source of pain & anxiety & we always find that what is arranged for us & permitted by our Heavenly Father is most conducive to our Eternal Peace & very often even proves so for our present happiness when we just think of the daily mercies we receive# and the unceasing & numberless proofs in every moment of the care & protection of God how can we help putting our trust in him & feeling all our nearest and dearest concerns safest in his keeping, in full assurance & confidence that he will dispose all things best. He who gave his Son for us surely will preserve here# & forever. He has supported you in all your long trial & now soothes your sorrows & heals your wounds by his heavenly grace. May he continue to enrich you with every blessing & may you feel that peace which passeth understanding & which no one can feel but those who know and love the Lord & have experienced the influence of his Holy Spt# - - & seen its effects as you have. - - I am glad you have been to see poor old Allenstown, now new. I wish you could see our new house tho' it is not yet finished - - but we are living in it. - - Mr. S. was anxious to get the removing over and the old House taken away before the frost sets in as it stops all kind of work and we could not then have the ground levelled. - - As soon as 4 rooms were fit to sleep in we all moved in. The Back room was not very dry as it had been lately plastered - - but we had a good fire & we were all so busy for two or 3 days settling & fussing that we only sat there at meals & we did not feel it cold or damp tho' the door was not hung. We put a skreen# up in its place. We have been just a week in it now & our little room looks very snug. We have not yet put up the shelves. I sleep in Anna's room as my own is not dry. Edward works away all day from day light till 9 at night often. He is in a hurry to get on & when I look at all the work of this large House I wonder that one carpenter could do it all - - from the cutting of the great trees in the wood & morticing the frame, to the pannelling# the doors & putting on the locks &ec - - His brother helped in squaring & hewing timber & framing - - and our George assisted in the lathing, but all the rest was done by one pair of good hands. There is still much to be done as we have only just enough to keep out the cold outer air, & he is as anxious as we are, but with all his exertions there will be still some to do next year - - as he will be obliged to go to his own farm this winter. But altho' we shall not have our closets & cupboards finished yet we shall be very comfortable indeed compared to the old House & we have reason to be thankful we are all so well. a child near us was carried off lately by the same sore throat which John was so dangerously ill with. - - The old House was so full of air holes there was scarce any place where we were free from a little breeze. - - Well may be# we shall all grow delicate now we have air tight rooms. - - We have a large stove in the passage near the foot of the stairs which warms the whole house as the hot air ascends & warms all the upper part of the House. - - The large sitting room is not yet plastered, as the plasterer was obliged to go away & he has not returned - - but he thinks he will be back next week. It will look very nice indeed with our beautiful curtains and carpet. We have sent our poor old piano to be put in order. Our friend and Pastor Mr Taylor is very musical & is so clever that he can tune & thoroughly repair piano's#, & he has very kindly undertaken to put the dear old Piano in order for me & it will sound quite fresh and young in the new room, where it will have space to sound in. - - We are busy now making up window blinds & then we shall have curtains to make up. We shall have plenty to do - - indeed work never fails - - but I have [word xed out] able & ready helps in my dear girls. They are very expert Needle Women & can cut out, and make up better than I can myself. The disadvantage is that all these necessary occupations seem to come in the way of mental & intellectual improvements & cause a want of refinement of ideas & feelings which is very little known in this country & which is equally perceptible amongst all the young people who have been brought up in the remote parts of this country. There is a sad dearth of intellectual pursuits & the conversation is consequently too much confined to the business of the day or any little gossip that happens to come in the way

97-023/1/4 Letter dated Sept. 30, 1850

[B Brown to Maria Noble, Sept 30th, 1850]

Sept 30, 1850


My dearest Maria,

I have too long delayed answering your dear kind letter which I have had for more than a month but Mamas & my trip to the States prevented me doing so sooner I am sure you will be surprised to hear of dear Mama leaving home It is such an unusual thing for her to do, I assure you we had hard work to persuade her - - She had been very ill for sometime# with asthma & other complaints, very much weakened, & her spirits very low, so the Doctor said she would not get better till she went from home She settled to go to see the boys in the States. I offered to go & take care of her, so off we started on the 12th, Poor Mama suffered very much with asthma all the way we went as quickly as possible, but the noise & fuss# of Rochester was almost too much for her, we stayed there part of a day to rest her & then set off in a Canal Boat for a little village called Brockport 20 miles from Rochester. It was dark when we I landed we had to walk about 20 yards to the Hotel but it was up a little hill & this was too much for Mama I thought she would never have got into the house just think the first person we met in the hall was dear Frank If you had only seen the surprise & delight of that creature; at first he did not know us, but it was only for a moment, he never expected to see Mama, nor did we expect to to# find him there, he only came a few days before we did He got us a comfortable room, but poor Mama could not lie down, she was obliged to sit in a large Rocking chair all night. The next day Mama was very ill I wished ourselves back in Canada she looked so dreadfully ill it made me very anxious. - - Frank drove for Johney# who was living 7 miles from where we were before he came Mama was a little better. Frank never told him we were there but brought him up to our room Johnny could hardly believe it was us, poor dears it gave them great pleasure to see us. We sat together & talked of home till evening Mama got better & she was able to walk to the next street here we had comfortable lodgings & more comfortable for her then# the noise of the Hotel. She had a good deal of asthma all the time but was able to drive out to see the people Johnny lived with, & to see a little of the country. The country is very pretty & the people very kind indeed but their manners are not pleasing. I should not like to live there Canada is far before it We enjoyed our visit very much & Mama got stronger, though the asthma remained, & was very troublesome sometimes, William Stewart & Robert Brown came & brought us home. We were a whole fortnight away. I never was so long or so far from home before, nor never saw so much of the world before, so you may judge how little I have been from home. I was glad to get to my dear quiet happy home again & with my dear old Man who seemed very glad to have me home again I hope dear Mama will find it has been of use to her when she gets rested She has had a heavy cold ever since she returned but the asthma has left & she appears stronger. I do wish I could give up more of my time to be with her, particularly when she has not been well, she has not had her usual health this summer I often think there are few who have such a Mother as we have & now my dear Maria, as I have taken up one sheet with our travels I must begin something else on this or I shall have a large letter made up before I know what I am about. I must now thank you for the things you & my dear Aunt sent me in the Box, indeed I ought to have done so much sooner, but many things happened to prevent me. I was taken ill [went into labour] the day after the Box came. I have had a second disappointment but it is the Lords doing He sees I require all he sends. I know I am impatient & do not trust Him as I ought. Dear Ellen sets me a good example of patience & submission# she bears her sad sad trial wonderfully the loss# of her dear engaging child was so unexpected & till the last moment she could not believe he was going She has had very great anxiety since - - as both Charles & little Mary have been very ill & she had gone through a great deal of fatigue nursing them, & I hope may not suffer in consequence. She expects her confinement in December I hope she may have a little boy to take the place of the one she has lost. How many little happy ones he has joined I am sure dear Maria one of your kind comforting letters would do dear Ellen good, & would give her great pleasure Your last I have read over several times I read it to Edward, indeed he enjoys your letters very much, & thinks it so kind of you to speak of him as you do & call him your Son you do indeed treat us as if we were your children. I hope we may [___y xed out] make a good use of your love & kindness to us, & that your letters may make us both find that real happiness which you have found dear Maria It does require some kind friend to put in mind & help us on, there is so much to draw the heart to this earth & make us think too little of another world. That is the use of trials, though we would wish all to go our way, & think we are unjustly treated, but when we reflect & see whose Hand afflicts, how worthless does all appear, It shows us what we are, no power of our own, we are helpless beings but oh! how good is that dear Saviour How He invites us to come to Him & find comfor. How kind of you to write all the nice texts for me. I kept your letter in my hand & studied them with the Bible, & I got a nice little text book from Ellen, as I had not one & looked for all you mentioned in your letter. It is very nice & makes it plain & easy to understand. It was indeed very kind of you to give up so much of your precious time writing. You must have very much to do, & keep you busy all day & all so usefully & to make others happy & good; you must feel lonely without poor little Willy. They are all so like your own children. I am sure they are all dear good little things. - - I am afraid I am not such a quiet Housekeeper as you think dear Maria. I do long to be as much so as possible. I find it does not help [xed out] one a bit more to be in a fuss. I always try to do my best in every way, but I come short of what I ought to be - - & now I think it is time to thank you & my dear Aunt for your nice valuable presents Will you give her my kind love & thank her for the nice shawl & the little book which I read every day - - & thank you my dear Maria for the little book you sent. I read it when I was ill before I could leave my bed & had a good time to think of it & read it with attention. I read many nice books then & while I was staying with Mama after I got better I read "Winslows [] Directed" too. How beautifully he writes. Edward sends his love to you too, & many many thanks for the Shirts, he says they are the most comfortable he has had for a long time & they are so nice & warm for winter. The shirting is so much better than can be got here. My dear dear Mother/ for you are like a second mother to us/ I dont know what to say for all you have done for us, every year sending us such useful things. I seldom have much to buy I am so well supplied by kind friends - - Edwards brother that was married this summer to my cousin is with us, & she is great company to me & we are all very happy together he is going to buy a lot of land near us this winter he is doing very well in his business, & they will stay with us for the winter at any rate. His eldest brother has rented a farm very near us, he is going to be married to a very nice amiable young woman this winter, it will be very pleasant for us, as we have few neighbours, it is pleasant fall all the brothers to be settled [___ xed out] near each other. Edward is now helping/ him to get his house repaired. They all help each other. We are expecting a cousin of Edwards to pay us a visit this Autumn, he is a clergyman & lives above Toronto. I have never seen him, but have heard he is a most excellent Man. I hope he may be of use to us while he is with us - -

The Potatoes I fear will be a complete failure here as well as in poor Ireland many have scarcely any, ours are beginning but we can not judge till they take them up our crops have all been good this year, though it was very hard to save them so much wet weather, such a wet summer has never been known in Canada - - Many lost a good deal of wheat in consequence Indeed we have great cause for thankfulness that our farm had done better this year, & above all that we have good health. Dear Edward works very hard, but he is very unhealthy, he has hardly ever had a days sickness. he made me a nice Dairy this summer & I have been able to sell some butter to pay the expense of hiring a Man to work at it. It is great pleasure to me to be able to help him & take off some of the expense we live very sensibly & at as little expense as possible so that we may get out of debt which I hope may be this winter. He is not happy as long as he owes any person. I must not forget that Mama wants to put a letter with this, & write on till I make it too heavy & tire you too with all my housekeeping affairs. I cannot get a pen that will write on this paper so am writing most shamefully, & have had about a dozen pens. I must take this to Mama tomorrow to send Will you give my kind love to dear Aunt in which Edward joins me & to yourself too.

Believe me my dear Maria

Your affectionate child

Bessie Brown

Will you soon write again please

97-023/1/4 Letter dated Aug. 18, 1851

[includes hand-drawn map showing Auburn House, Otonabee River, Dam, etc.]

Toronto August 1[8]th, 1851

My Dearest Mother

I should have written before this, but having written to Ellen a short time ago, by James Bird. I thought I should wait a little longer before writing to you so as not to crowd all my letters together -

I have nothing new to tell you this time I am just dodging on as usual - I suppose you have heard of the melancholy accident which happened at Kingston -

As my going down to Peterboro this year is out of the question, I intend to transact our business through our letters -

There is a plan which John - Reid made of the proposed canal which I think he has got, if Charley would get it. and if it is too heavy to send in a letter he could make a coppy of it in a manner which I shall explain presently - I send a sketch of the mill properties. which if Charley would take to John Reid and get him to put in the length and courses of each line - which he will get from the Leases I want also - a copy of the plan I made of the girl's lots. the way to do it is this - take a piece of thin writing paper and lay it over the plan so as to see each line distinctly through it. then with a pen and ink trace each line - being careful that the angles are rightly placed. -

I think I left some papers on the top shelf as you go in to the parlor - any of them that contain descriptions or dimensions of any part of the Mill property please to send me a copy -

Please tell me all about the mill business - and how things are going on for I am very anxious to see things going on properly -

Please Ask Charley to go to Mr Williamson's old house on Shaw's hill and see what state it is in and who is living in it - his son William requested me to do so -

I remain your affectionate Son

Geo. A. Stewart

My Mother

20 Augt [ ] - George

["Uncle George Stewart" written in another hand]

97-023/1/4 Letter dated June 15, 1861

Douro, 15th June 1861

My very dear Mary

I have been some time past intending to write to you but always some hindrance came in my way - I think my last letter to you was written in March soon after poor Maria Reids release - and I have never heard from you since so I dont know if you have received that letter - but I am sure you heard most of the details it contained from my sister - as I told her to let you know in case I might not be able to write myself - I little thought then that in my next letter I should have another death to mention! One least to be expected indeed according to our own limited knowledge of what is to come - "His Will" - we do not - for how wretched we should be anticipating every sorrow - there is no promise of Grace for those sorrow's we anticipate - we have the support and refuge promised for "the day of trouble" - Perhaps you have already heard that by the unsearchable but no doubt wise & merciful Will of the Lord our dear Edward has been removed from this life - to a joyful & glorious Eternity - I may say in the prime of life - with all appearance of health and life till the attack came on which was caused by taking cold - but it became an extreme case of Inflamation of the Lungs which reduced his strength with the most extraordinary rapidity and in a fortnight & two days terminated his valuable existence amongst us - Oh you cant think how we feel his loss - he was so truly excellent in every way - as a father a husband a Son (which he was to me even before his marriege) for indeed I loved him as a son & he returned it -

From early in his illness he gave up hopes of recovery - before we came to believe there was really dangers - & before our Dr. could see any decided danger - but he himself said "I shall not be long with you" - he seemed to be completely loosened from this life -for he seemed to take no interest in anything that was going on - but said frequently he rested on his Saviour - & his Hope was in Christ - he had so much difficulty in speaking that he said but little but when asked any question he always gave a clear & satisfactory answer - he had several conversations with Mr. Rogers our Minister - who often visited him - which he always enjoyed & looked for eagerly - All this is our greatest consolation - I am happy to say dear Bessie is wonderfully supported for which we are most thankful - & she has a kind & most faithful & judicious friend in her brother in law Robert Brown who assists her in the management of the farm & her four fine boys who have a good guardian & an excellent example in their good Uncle Robert - May the Lord direct all for their happiness & safety in their journey through this life - & their security of peace & joy in that which is to come

I think Charlotte has written to you lately - so you have probably heard of us before from her - Oh what a fortunate man my dear Charlie is - what a prize he has gained! - Dear Charlotte is a treasure to us all - & is making herself loved and valued by all who know her - She has a Sunday school in her own hall every Sabbath afternoon - and a prayer meeting every thursday evening - & she goes about amongst the people visiting them & reading to them & trying to improve them - I have not yet been able to join in the meetings - but hope (DV) to do so soon - She is now trying to have a Church established in their own neighborhood with a good Missionary appointed - but the funds must be raised to enable the church to be built - or the Missionary to be supported - & for this purpose they are trying to raise subscriptions & have given me some papers to send home - so I send you one in case you may meet with some person who may help us -

Now my own darling Mary my paper & time are both used up - so I must only request my love to dear Emily - 1 & 2 & all my other dear cousins & friends - I am as Ever Your affectionately attached old Coz

Fanny Stewart