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Accession Number: 78-008

78-008/2/10 #200

My dear Mr Taylor,

I am so desrious & impatient to remove from your mind an impression, which has caused me much sorrow & weighed on my mind so heavily - that I can no longer defer writing a few lines of explanation - in hopes of proving to you that you were misinformed on some points - & I am deeply grieved to find you could allow your mind to be so much thus influenced misled by a report or misrepresentation - On your last visit to my lamented husband on the Friday evening - your agitated manner & some expressions you made use of about "intruding" puzzled us all - & grieved & vexed the dear invalid deeply - he could not understand how the visit of a clergyman at such a time - or at any time could be considered an intrusion - but he was too weak then to seek an explanation - & you made your visit in so hurried a manner there was not time for it - A few days after your note to me confirmed me in the most painful certainity - that you considered you had been slighted by us - & some other clergyman preferred - and summoned to attend the death bed of our venerable & beloved friend - Dear Mr Taylor do believe me this was not the case - on the contrary it was always the nearest wish of his heart to consider & to find you our Spiritual pastor advisor and friend - and his in truth greatest & constant source of regret was that you never came to visit us in this character - On the Sunday afternoon when you came here along with Mr Ferguson - you saw how very ill he was - he was then under the influence of fever - restless & uneasy in body & confused in mind - Still to his latest hour here below his most earnest & first concern was for the Salvation of his immortal Soul - & the Souls of all Mankind His earnest desire & prayer to God was indeed that all might be saved - & his anxiety sincere & fervent prayers were also most particularly offered for you my valued frind - as our clergyman & as a minister of the Gospel of Christ our Saviour

You said in your note to me that another clergyman had noticed his illness - or had offered assistance - and you hinted that advice & assistance had been sought for - from some other clergyman This was not the case - You were the first who heard of his illness - & came to his bedside & he felt happy at seeing you - & he & all of us would have been grateful if you could have come more frequently & given him the comforts of Prayer - Scripture reading - or Serious conversation - which he constantly & urgently cried for during the two or three last days of his life -

Mr Rogers was not in Peterboro till a few days before his death - when Anne Reid called in & asked her uncle if he would like to see him he answered - "Oh yes!' - surely" - he always had a sincere regard for Mr Rogers as a christian minister & friend - & enjoyed his society & conversation most particularly - as it generally turned upon serious subjects - which for the last year interested him more than any other - Mr Rogers did come on Thursday I think - but the dear subject of this letter - was so restless & ill that he could not benefit much by his visit - These are times when the heart seems open to receive the only true & solid consolation that can be given - & naturally withdrawn as much as possible from the trifling vexation of life - & believe me my own dear friend that it never occurred to us that you could feel hurt at any of us for receiving a visit so kindly paid & so kindly meant - & at such a time -

You were well acquainted with the universal benevolence of his heart - & his wish to promote union amongst Christians of all denominations - he admired Mr Rogers as a Christian - & for this reason he bespoke a pew in addition lately made to the Scotch Church - but he never intended to leave our own church - where he found its devotions as he said - those of "the Catholic Christian Church of England - I think he said this to you - about the last time he spoke distinctly to you - just as you left his bedside - he called it out loud - Forgive me my dear Mr Taylor if I have encroached to far on your time or attention but it was a subject too near my heart to be touched upon lightly

I regret to hear that you are suffering so much from hurting your leg - & that your family are like my own - still afflicted with this tedious & obstinate fever - we have now four invalids - though none of them are very seriously ill - & I hope all in both houses may soon be quite well - I shall be sincerely happy to see you or my dear Mrs Taylor - whenever you can come up - but I know how difficult it is for either her or you to leave home

With every feeling of sincere regard & affection for you & dear Mrs Taylor & your family Believe me dear Mr Taylor

Ever Gratefully

Yours F Stewart


Revd J C Taylor


20th Septr 1847]

78-008/2/10 #201

To Miss B.

Sep. 21st 1847

I am sure my dearly loved & loving friends will be anxious abt me & I must not let this mail go without bearing some intelligence of your poor desolate & afflicted child - Tho' I am wrong in using that first term. My heart must be desolate & lonely but I cannot be so in reality when I am surrounded by my dear children all trying who can show me most tender love, consolation & attention & when every one who ever knew us write in showing kindness - but afflicted I must be for no one can know how severe our loss. Thank God I have been & am supported & can see such unbounded love & mercy mixed in the bitter sup that it would be profane & rebellious indeed to allow any repinings to arise in my breast & the height of selfishness to sorrow without rejoicing, for we must all feel certain that his soul which had been ripening for a long time past now attained the Haven where all troubles cease & where sighing & sorrow are unknown. That he is now enjoying a peace which passeth all understanding & on what a change from the years of anguish & misery he has had!! & probably would have had for some time to come - I have long prayed that his poor tortured mind should be relieved but oh how little did I forsee the full & complete relief & release that was so near, or the depth of misery left for us here, but still I feel the hand of the Lord has smitten us & all is well, all is mercy & we must now look forward to the mark set before us of the high calling of God in C.J. At 1st his illness was intermittent fever which however this year has been much more formidable than any other. About the 5th day it became steady fever. He had no head ache or pain, in back or limbs indeed he never had the slightest pain, but after Thursday the fever encreased & his tongue showed it was a worse kind, His mind in general perfectly clear & calm tho' his body restless & sickness of the stomach most exhausting all usual remedies were tried & next week he appeared better - the brown crust peeling off his tongue - but on the 2d wednesday it began to return & the thirst terrible. Towards day break Thursday he grew restless sick & chilly - I sent for the Dr who had only left us a few hours, twitching came on in his limbs - Dr Hay was very anxious & sent for another Dr who did not think the symptoms so bad, ordered Calomel & hippo &c. but he grew worse. He plainly knew then he was leaving us & looked at me saying I am happy! - Happy! Anna & Ellen came & Dr Hay only left us when obliged. Friday he spoke much to us all when able but his throat & tongue were so dry he hardly could & we could only hear by putting our heads close to him but every word was precious for all breathed the most perfect resignation under suffering - & joy - & earnest desire for the safety of the Souls of all round him. He spoke separately to each calling for any absent & did not omit one. He made us read & pray with & for him, he constantly prayed & called for Pr - & enjoyed extempore pr - most as it was the utterance of the heart at the time. Mr Taylor came twice & Mr Roger & Mr Benson. He could not keep his attention fixed for more than a few minutes, but joined his voice in the pr - when it applied to himself or any one for whom he felt particular interest - Friday night he gave Wm & John advice & instruction & placed them under Ed Browns care & asked him to be a friend & advisor to his boys - which poor dear Ed promised with tears & the dear one added - "I mean religious as well as moral," - many wonderful impressions & touching expressions did we hear - the dear one seemed hovering on the brink of Eternity from Thursday till 9 oC. Monday 6th Sepr when the Spt fled - They were days never to be forgotten - never did any of us witness such scenes - they are awful for the Spt seemed more in Heaven than on Earth but glorious & rejoicing too. I have often heard & read of Triumphant Deaths & read of such scenes - but this was indeed victorious. Death had no sting for him. During these 3 days his breath often stopped so long we though all was over, but there was no struggle or sign of suffering. His tongue was quite black. He made Ellen Bessy & Edwd sing hymns & psalms frequently & took more pleasure in it than anything. He also had psalms &c. read. Mr Reid & Jas often prayed at his bedside & read to him, On Saty night he spoke to Dr Hay & Ed. of many matters, gave solemn directions as to many subjects - his funeral &c. & made Dr Hay write down signed & had it witnessed. He could not bear Ed a moment out of his sight & sent for Robt - & spoke affectionately to him. All belonging to this world seemed as nothing during this time when we were watching his soul passing into Eternity We were elevated above this life. Sunday morning he was quite exhausted & the restlessness of body continued. He asked the 3 "to sing his Soul to Heaven" - He slept heavily for some hours then & I sat & held one hand which was cold & blue. Some flies were about the bed & I touched his hand in trying to wave them off which roused him. A rush of heat came on & he seemed to revive. His voice became stronger & clearer & he again said how happy he was & repeated his entire trust was in his Savrs atonement & he longed to be with him & then added & to join my dear sister. He was able to swallow better & spoke to all, gave Ed a Bible Bessy had given her Papa the year before & begged him to read it frequently in private as well as in family reading.

Asked him to kiss him & showed such love to all as I never saw him show before - Mr Benson came & talked & prayed &c - but hearing hymns sung was his greatest pleasure. In this way, he passed his last Sabth on Earth. Dr Hay Ch Dunlop & Robt Brown sat up the night & all made me lie down as I was worn out not having lain down for a fortnight, at first from asthma & then I could not leave him. I slept so sound I did not hear Ellen get up at 2 & she shut the door & I never wakened till 4 - I then ran to the head of the stairs & heard Dr Hay praying. I dressed quickly & as I went down I heard his voice unusually loud & clear calling out "Oh my Savr - come for me" - This was the last I heard him say - Bessy forced me into the parlour to take a cup of coffee & when I came out he was sleeping & never awoke. He had some pain in the night but not severe. He opened his eyes once, turned himself & looked at me but the eyes were dim & a strange look in them, but he soon slept again. He breathed on quite regularly till it just stopped - I have been quite well except asthma -

[a few extra lines have been added, probably included in the original, as follows:]

caused by the damp, foggy nights. I have been obliged to be about so much. My great pleasure is to think and write of those sweet days of the dying Saint, and to think of him now where he is. But oh, the want!

78-008/2/10 #202

Hazel Bank

Octr 14th .47 -

I was more shocked & grieved, when we received Richr Rothwell's enclosure of Doctor Hay's melancholy letter, than any one can imagine - Oh my own dear Sister we were very fearful as to the result of the illness dear Tom Stewart was suffering under, when you last wrote! Truly & sincerely, so we all sympathize with you, & your beloved children in the severe trial you have had - God comfort you! & he will comfort & support you, for you are one of his children, my dear Fanny - It is dreadful, not to be able to hear more intelligence for such a time - It's now nearly a month since Dr Hay's letter was dated, indeed it is 5 weeks since for his was written upon the 9th of September, & not a word have we heard since - God grants us some good news.

I never remember a time of such anxiety as this last year & half has been - There is a great deal of very bad fever in this Parish at present - May it please the Almighty to keep it from us! -

Miss Garland, who had left Rockfield entirely, has been staying with us, to pay a farewell visit, for the last month - She is a great pleasure, for she is so kind, & so pleasing & so well informed, that it is quite raising to our spirits, to have her - I sometimes get low-spirited enough for it makes one very cowardly in times of sickness to be so far from all our relations as we are - not a being related to us nearer than Meath in Dublin - & indeed except from dear Aunts Waller, & Sutton & my own dear friend Maria Noble - we dont get letter nearly as frequently as we used to do formerly - Bessy Rothwell never never writes now, to me - why I cannot tell - & the Coolmine people are not nearly as regular Correspondents as they were - I do really believe that sometimes insensibly people slide out of intimacy, when others slide in - Lydia Kirkpatrick is gone to spend the winter with Francis & his wife at Lewes in Sussex - Poor Francis was obliged to leave Finstead in Lancashire where he had a delightful congregation & £ 200 per Annn & go off from it - the climate disagreed so much with his wife, & he is now Curate of a Church in Lewes, paying £ 70 - pr Anm for an unfurnished house, & every kind of provision so very expensive & as his means are limited, he finds it hard enough - but his wife is quite strong since she went there, so he has this comfort - I dont think it likely that any of them will come here this winter - Indeed I do not like to ask them to come to such a retired spot as this - Dear kind Anne came to us last winter which was a great comfort at the time I was so low, & so hurried getting every thing for the poor & the sick - The Rothwells are leaving Bellingham which for Aunt Sutton's sake I am rejoiced at, as it was quite too cold for her - She has had a very bad cough for some time & it gives worse in the desparate cold of that place - Dear Aunt Sutton! She is truly kind - She is at Coolmine at present - Our dear Alexr is to go up there in about a fortnight please God for the Examinations - I [ ] some way, I cannot write or think about anything but the One, that is you me dear beloved Sister - Oh that I could but hear from you & could know that all are well at Auburn - Surely some one will write - Dear Anna & Ellen too, so near Confinements! If you were but near us, that I could comfort you & [ ] them! What are you plans, will you remain at Auburn? - I am in a very sober stupid mood, & will only make you think me melancholy, so I may as well stop writing this time - for I have no heart to write, until I know how you are, all of you my darlings - I think Sunday or Monday may bring us some news - God Almighty bless you my dearest Sister, & all you love & ever believe me your truly Affec Sister



Mrs Stewart



Canada West


Post paid]

78-008/2/10 #203

Barkley Vicarage Novbr 6th - 47

My very dear Sister,

The intelligence from Miss Beaufort of the removal of your truly beloved & most endeared husband & my very dear brother only reached me last week - I was far from being prepared for such a stroke, as the account which was sent me from Ireland was far more favourable than it had been formerly been - being able (as one letter stated) to walk short distances without a stick - For you my very dear Fanny I do feel & if it is any comfort to you now, believe me my heart deeply sympathises with you & for you - Gladly would I prove it were in my power - The many endeared recollections of our happy youthful days occur to my thoughts - but what are those to one who enjoyed the matured feelings of a warm & attached heart - In your sorrow & deparvation, my own feelings are lost, & I do from my heart sorrow with you - but not as those without hope No dear Fanny, the account for a long time past of his state of mind is a comfort that no earthly boon could supply & the account of the dear departed one's last hours is a comfort beyond every thing that can be thought of or conceived - The certainty that he is now in Glory, beyond all the power of any thing to hurt him, safe in the presence of his precious Saviour, enjoying happiness that eye hath not seen or ear heard, nor would enter into his heart to conceive; is a confort & consolation worth ten thousand words But you my beloved Sister have lost a counsellor & comforter - Here you have, but if like him your heart is in Heaven, you will meet to part no more forever - This is consolation which those who know not God are strangers to - Oh then lift up your heart & let us all both old & young seek to be prepared for never ending joys with those who are gone before - I had some how lost hope that we should meet here in this land & that when your dear boys were able to manage the farm by themselves, that you & my dear brother & some of your dear children would be able to come to us for some months - Both my dear husband & myself entertained this hope - but we are short sighted creatures - The Lord has provided better things for our beloved brother - My last letter I fear was too late for my dear Tom to see it - Indeed I fear it must have been written after his removal - This I am very sorry for. If you have had it, you will see my reasons for not having written sooner - I deeply grieve now that I had so long delayed, but I hope you will forgive me & if spared I do hope not to allow so long an interval to pass for the future

9th - Since writing the former part of this letter Miss Beaufort has kindly sent extracts from letters, with the Glorious accounts of my dear Toms triumphant & victorious death - Oh my dear Sister you have joys beyond telling in witnessing such a glorious death & this is a consolation beyond all thought that you are assured of his glorious Entrance into the joys of Heaven - But your loss is indeed great & I can scarcely bear the thought & at times I am quite overcome when I think of your comparitively lonely state - But God will comfort you & you will meet never, never to part - I do not forget my promise respecting his likeness - When my dear Tom asked me for it for you - I replied, so long as you have the original I must be allowed to keep the miniture - I feel now I have no longer any claim to it, & tho' dearly I love to look upon it, it will be dearer to you & your children & when you tell me how to send it safely I will do so - I shall try to have a copy of it - I am now going to ask you a great favor - I do long to have some account of my dear brothers last illness & also of the latter part of his life - I know I am asking a painful & perhaps too great favor, but if you can gratify me it will be comforting to my dear Children who have always loved & esteemed him tho' personally unknown to them - There are also many friends who knew his character & worth I should wish very much to know what he said to you & his dear children - everything will be cherished by me & will be most valued

I was sorry to hear from Miss Beaufort of the return of sickness in your family - I trust you will be able to send me a better account And now my dear sister excuse this hasty letter Trusting soon to hear from you or some of your dear family & praying that every consolation from above may be fully bestowed upon you I for the present [ ] with my most affe love to each of your dear children - to dear Maria & Mr Reid I send my most affe love They must deeply feel the loss of such a a friend & brother - Gladly would I hear that there was any hope of our meeting - an abundance of welcome & room you will find under this roof if you should think of coming to England - My dear Husband is now in London or would join with me in affectionate love to you all - He will write to you soon - My only child with me is my dear Mary she loves you all & would rejoice to see you or any of your dear children here - Believe me my very dear Sister your attached C. Hoare

[Addressed:Via Halifax

Mrs StewartAuburn




NO 16




DEC 18




NO 17


78-008/2/10 #204

Auburn Wednesday Evening

5th May - 6 oclock

My own dear Aunt

Our early tea is over - Bessie had gone to her garden for a little while & I will take the quiet time before all the labourers come in for their supper to tell you that last Friday I had the enjoyment of reading letters from several friends dated 1 April - amongst them was one packet from dear old Allenstown - where I am glad you are all assembled together again - & all well - Julia & the children so much improved in health & strength - this is a happy change for all - & must relieve dear James of much care & anxiety - what dreadful sickness there is now it seems quite as fatal as the starvation - Oh what a state that poor poor place is in!! I really fear the whole air of the island of Ireland will be polluted by the masses of putrifying bodies of animals & also the rotten vegetables - I fear the pestilence may not be confined to those who have suffered from bad food or no food - but that the very air they breath much be loaded with foulness - I sometimes wish all I love there, were safe out here - but then I begin to recollect how very irksome a Canadian life would seem to those who have been accustomed to elegance ease & refinement - how insupportable it would be to those who have lived in a round of amusement of enjoyed intellectual, or scientific society.

What a desolate wilderness it would seem to those who have enjoyed the privileges of Christian conversation & intercourse with the Religious part of the society at home - for alas! we have but little of that here - when I think of all these things I begin to find that I am selfish in wishing anyone to come here - for few of my friends are not well off at home not to make the change felt in some of the three ways I have mentioned - & yet does it not seem a contradiction to say that positively & truly I am as happy here as anybody need wish or expect to be in this world - I will even go farther & say that I do think I am much happier than most people I know anywhere - in the first place I never have anything to do that is the least fatiguing - for my dear kind thoughtful husband never could bear to see me exert myself - & has always endeavoured to save me from the necessity of doing anything that could hurt me - & now my dear children never allow me to do anything but some very trifling part of the household department - & needlework or knitting - not many such thoughtful affectionate husband & children - As for society or amusement I have lost all relish for parties or anything of that sort - & I am never at loss for variety - for every hour there is so much going forward that there is constant change & movement going on - As for religious companionship I have dear Mr Foulis - who is a treasure to us all - & occasionally we have Mr & Mrs Rogers - & they refresh us delightfully - then we have all your letters & Mrs Wilsons & some others which give us a fresh supply of interesting matter every month besides all the books - of which we read a small portion every day - sometimes very small - but no day passes without some serious or improving reading - Now have we not every thing to make us happy? - & we live so retired that we have nothing to do with politics or Gossip - of fashions - or Keeping up appearances which really in many instances causes much trouble & Plague - we always try to dress neatly & to be clean & to have our tables decently & comfortably laid out - & generally have a very plentiful supply of plain substantial wholesome food - & what more ought we to require - We have now got abundance of Oatmeal which for many years we never had at all & till now it was always very difficult to procure - now there are two good Oat Mills - one of them on our own property - so we can always have it - We have plenty of Indian Meal - & as both are liked - they use Indian Meal porridge for breakfast & the Oatmeal for supper - we have very substantial breakfasts -as soon after six oclock as all can be assembled - but as some are attending to horses or cattle or pigs or fowl it is not easy to collect all to a moment - then Tom reads a portion of scripture & prayers - after that in come the smoking Sepanne - the nice smiling potatoes - cold meat - Eggs - Toast Bread - butter - 2 large Jugs of Milk - besides the tea pot &c. - all set to work with much energy - according to their taste or fancy - but they dont waste any time after it is over - for all set off to their different employments - & Bessie & Kate carry out all the things - & settle up the room - & I sit at my reading or knitting for a little while - the routine of work tho' simple is not at all monotonous now - & sometimes I cant help wondering how Tom can go on as he does - keeping all going on in so many different departments - & thinking of such an extraordinary variety of different matters - but he never slackens - or tires - tho' he often looks weary & anxious - this is an unusually backward season - and every thing is some weeks later that it ought to be - the ground was so lately covered with deep snow that ploughing could not be done in low ground at all - and consequently we shall have but half the quantity of wheat sown which we otherwise wd have put in - however we shall have enough for our own use - tho' none to sell I fear - which is a loss as it will probably bring a good price next year -

Thursday morning - 10 oclock Good morning my dearest Aunty - here is a most lovely day - warm & bright - the birds & insects & everything seeming to rejoice - the vegetation has commenced & is making rapid progress - the lilacs are all bursting into leaf - the grass growing green - & the forest trees all changing from the stiff wintry grey to a reddish tinge which will soon change to green -

We have had great difficulty in getting into Peterboro for some time past - the bridge was ricketty & dangerous all through the winter - but at last gave way to the encreasing force of the river which always rises in spring - & it was carried off one day - fortunately no person was on it tho' horses were not able to cross it for a long time - yet people used to walk over - Edward Brown had just come over & was not far on this side when he heard it cracking & going off - There are boats for passengers to get across - but they are not well manned - & the charge is high - Our boat here is not in good order - so we are obliged to borrow one - but these difficulties will soon be over for some means of crossing must be established for the public - Our river has risen unusually high this year - & has overflowed the banks to a great distance - & has partially injured all the Mill dams & races - so that there is great plague about having flour - but it will soon go down - & these injuries will be repaired - My own dear Aunt I think you have been much too generous in your contribution this year for our box commissions - I assure you I feel it is wrong where you have so many calls on your purse so very urgent as they are this miserable year - but as it is done I must only try to express my thankfulness to you - which indeed I cannot find words for - £ 10 - is quite too much - but I am sure Harriet will lay it out to the best of her judgement - pray tell my dear Maria she need not have said one word about her not sending her usual gift - Oh I am glad she did not - for I do feel I am a continual tax & drain on your purse & heart my ever dear & kind friends - Mrs Hay & Dr Hays sister & cousins are sending out a box to Anna - they [like you] seem to be always thinking of useful things to send - & it is very delightful to find them all so kind to Anna - The good old lady is I find sending out some books too & desired Anna "to choose out one for each of her six brothers & for little Kate" - is not this very great kindness - She writes beautiful advice to Anna - as a mother - & gives her many good hints about early leading little James to know & love the Lord I heard from Mrs Wilson of Maryville that the two Kirkpatricks had hooping cough - very mildly I hope dear Catharine may not take it I am not sure whether she ever had it - We shall have another mail in a few days & I hope for good accts of all - Surely we have reason to be thankful for generally having pleasant news of my friends -

I am happy to say all my dear children & grandchildren in both families are well - I have just heard that Anna & the children & the little maid were at the opposite side yesterday trying to get over to us - but there was no boat - little Fanny has just got over the weaning most easily & prosperously without any trouble or ever being taken from her Mama except for a few nights when she slept with the maid - She is a most sweet dispositioned gentle infant - she has two teeth I was amused at your sending the old linen for Baby purposes - indeed I believe it will all come into requisition towards the end of the year for I am sure poor Anna is in that way & I suspect Ellen is beginning also - they are rather hasty I think - but I hope the Lord sends them blessings as mine to me - Ellen walked over to see us the day before yesterday - poor dear her heart seems with us still - tho' she has every comfort she can require & the best of husbands & she thinks no one like him - She is very thin - but that does not signify - little Mary is growing more engaging ever day - Ellen says "has sense beyond her age!! She thinks & reasons in her mind" We have all had colds - I have had my usual tedious cough - & found my hippo Lozenges a great comfort - poor Willy has had several attacks of Ague but we generally stop it with Quinine - first giving Calomel & sometimes an Emetic - he looks very thin & washy & is very weak - he has just had a pretty smart attack - & it disheartenes him not to be able to do his share of the work - now when so much is to be done & the season so far advanced - They are sowing a good deal of Oats & pease & Turnips -We will plant a couple acres of potatoes as we have good seed - but expect next time will be worse than the last - Will you thank Aunt Sutton for her kind letter & for all her kindness - about everything on money matters - Oh she is very kind to us - I wrote a fortnight ago in a letter Bessie wrote to Mary Rothwell so I will not write to anyone but you dear Aunt. A few lines I must write to Harriet if you have the goodness to send them on to her - poor dear she wrote to me but I fear it must have hurt her greatly - There is still a great deal of sickness in the country here - principally Ague & bilious fever - all who had it in Autumn have it again now - & many people are kept from attending to their Spring work - which is a serious loss here where all depends on industry - We find the supply of Quinine most useful & will probably require a small supply again during summer - little Flora Macdougal had got Auge again - & old Mrs Reid & James Reid which is a great loss as he is the head worker there he is terribly reduced - poor Dr Hutchinson has had another bad attack of apoplexy - I have not heard for some days - but his life hangs by a cobweb - Dr Hay attends him - I am sorry poor Mrs Blakeny's recovery is not rapid as was at first hoped - but at her age it could hardly be expected - Tell me how all the Blakeneys & Battersbys out here are going on - we never hear of them at all - they are a long way from us - & Many like that west country best - Thank you dear Aunt for sending me those nice Sermons - I suppose the Box is now near starting - poor Harriet must have employed someone to do it for her - I hope she may not have hurt herself for any sake - I am glad she has that nice useful Nanny - My paper says stop & so I must - Give loves in loads to all my dear people beginning at home & extending by Athboy to Rockfield & everywhere - Ever your own fond F Stewart & grateful child -


Via Boston

Mrs Waller



Co Meath

7 May Ireland

post marked:






MY 31




MY 31





Please forward this to aunt Waller - left this Hazel Bank June 9th

Domestic life - most entertaining G.B.

[The seal is red wax - circle with script F S]

78-008/2/10 #205

Auburn 31st May 1848

My dearest Catharine,

Last week I had a great part of a letter written to you - but from low spirits one cause or another I could not manage to finish it in time for Saturdays Mail - & so I have just thrown it into the fire and have taken a fresh sheet to make if possible a better attempt - You will be alarmed at my being in such low spirits - & will naturally fear I have met with some new affliction or got into some fresh trouble - but tho' I have met with a very great loss - it is not so bad as to amount to an affliction - I have lost three members of my family! - My darling Bessie & the two Browns - who have been 15 years as my own sons - & under my care! - and on Wednesday night - or rather on Thursday morning last - Edward carried my sweet Bee off - & neither of them can or will ever be in exactly the same position again in my family circle in affectionate & tender fondness for the poor old Mother they have been with heretofore - On Friday Robert Brown (who remained here after the wedding) drove me over to pay them a visit - & they kept me till the next day & I did enjoy the 24 hours most exceedingly - however I must go back "begin at the beginning" as the children say - They both wished to be married on my Birthday - & so on Wednesday last the 24th the ceremony was performed in our drawing room - by Revd Mr Taylor our clergyman - we had merely our own family & some of our nearest connections here - as we wished it to be very quiet - for at best it must be a melancholy business under my present circumstances - & of course missing the presence of the beloved & tender parent who had given away our two elder daughters - & who had always given the bride the first tender embrace!! - but tho' not with us in body I trust his blessed Spirit watched over us & witnessed the ceremony he had himself directed should be performed in a reasonable time "after" when he so solemnly joined their hands & gave her to him last September - Dr Hay performed the part of a father on the occasion & gave my dear child away - Our party consisted of Mr & Mrs Taylor - Dr Hay & Anna - Eleanor & Charles Dunlop - Edward Brown & his two brothers Templeton & Robert - Anna Falkner who came some days before to spend some time here - & Fanny & Kitty Reid - & our own family circle - all except poor William who was confined to bed with intermitting fever - The ceremony was performed about six o'clock in the evening as we thought having tea soon after would give us some occupation & take off the silence & formality - The little Bride looked simple, innocent & composed - & behaved with more self possession than I expected - for I knew she was "heart full" - she was dressed in a neat simple manner - the dress was a pale colour more blue than Lavender & more Lavender than blue, if you can understand what that can be like - it was very pretty & cool looking - I dont remember the name of the material - it was very soft & nice looking - the body was made with bias folds round the bosom & sleeves & buttons all down the front - on her shoulders she wore a very handsome blond scarf which poor Anna Stewart sent out to Anna Hay - her hair hung in ringlets round her face & neck - having been cut sometime ago, as it came out so much after the Ague - Everyone seems to feel interested about both Edward & Bessie - for both are much liked & loved by all who knew them - Then came tea - Anna & Ellen presided at the teatable at one end of the room - & pored out tea & coffee which the boys handed about - as the party sat in group in different parts of the room - in the middle was a table with bread & butter - buttered buns - plum cake - little Shrewsbury cakes & some other kind - all made by Bee - Anna Hay & Anna Falkner - The Brides cake was cut up - it too was home made & excellent & nicely iced & ornamented with coloured comfits - it was made by Anna Hay & Bessie - & just as good & rich looking as any bought plum cake - All this kept us busy till candle light - at 9 oclock we had some nice singing & playing as both Mr & Mrs Taylor are very musical - it was the first time I had heard any music except hymns or psalms which were sung here on Sunday evenings - for above a year & it seemed strange to my ears - & melancholy at first - but it soon went off & I enjoyed it very much. Templeton Brown has a beautiful voice & he & Edward sung together - poor Robert was not able to join having had Ague that morning - these three brothers sing nicely together - Mrs Taylor played on the piano - which is the wonder of everybody - it sounds so well & everyone likes the tone of it so much better than many of the modern ones - poor old thing it goes in & out of tune of its own accord - for I never allow any of the common travelling tuners who often some round here to touch it - for fear of spoiling it - as they do sometimes - & it has not been tuned for six years! - it sometimes gets a little asthmatic like myself in damp weather but recovers when the air is dry & sound quite well again - but it is always very low - below concert pitch - however I suppose you dont understand or care much about that - at all - we had a little supper - cold fowl - & lamb & ham & salad & some tarts - & Raisin-Almonds & Apples - &c. & &c &c the Bride and Bridegrooms health were drank - & we left the Gentlemen - after which we heard great cheering and hurrahing - when the gentlemen had chatted some time over their glasses - Edward went to change his dress - & put on a warmer & commoner suit - & then went off to get his Waggon ready - & we all went to help dress up the darling bride & pack up her trunks & parcels - so it was near one oclock before they started & a lovely night - the moon just above the trees - I never wished more to do anything than I did to go with them - but I though they would excuse my company just then - & I said nothing No one went with them except old Anna McIntosh an old servant who lived with me many years ago when they were all children - & tho' she lives 18 miles off she always expects to be invited to the weddings - & to attend the Bride - she always stays ten days or so - & goes home with the Noveau Mariees - She has been at Anna Ellens & Bessies weddings - Bessie has a nice little maid a young girl of 16 who came from Ireland last year - from near Ballymacash - & whose mother died soon after they came to Peterboro - she is a nice girl & I hope may answer very well for Bessie - On Friday morning about 10 Oclock I reached Goodwood which is nearly 3 miles from this & there my own dear children met me with smiles & hearty welcome - it was a happy meeting to us all & I rejoiced to sees so much comfort & prosperity in every part of the premises - the clover looks beautiful & green & luxurient & also the wheat - & the woods are so verdant & fresh & lovely - the house so clean & airy & comfortable - so much neatness & convenience in the arrangements of everything & the laying out of the house & rooms - that it plainly shewed the young proprietor thought much of the wee wifey - when he was planning it all - They would not let me return home till the next morning as the day was warm & the rough road & jolting had given me a little headache - you may suppose how very lonely I felt after I came home - dear Ellen had staid with me for some days before the wedding to keep me company & also to remain here when I went to pay my first visit to those dear ones - but she has her own establishment to take care of & it was necessary she should go home on Saturday morning & just as I returned -she was setting off home so that I was only in time to say goodbye - Then indeed the house did seem empty & forsaken - Bessies room looked like a deserted birds nest - with garments scattered about - ragged & everything put out of place - the boys rooms too were changed for both the Browns had kept their clothes here - till now, as they had no servant to wash or take care of them or any place to keep them till now that they have got all complete - I have always attended to their clothes & had their washing & sewing done here - ever since they have been with us, so that when their trunks - boxes - brushes &c. & &c were all taken away - it seems a complete emptying of the rooms upstairs - On Sunday too I missed my three dear children terribly - for they were my constant companions in any leisure hours - & were fonder of being with me than any of my sons - we used to walk & talk & sit together Bessie - Ted - Bob & I - & were more like brothers & sisters than Mother & children - All last winter I used to long for Wednesdays & Saturdays - as on those evenings Edwe always came - & he & Bee & I had such sociable evenings - & when I was overcome with low spirits he used always advise & sooth & comfort me - or if I was in any dilemma about the farm or the boys - he always put things right & I felt sure that if he saw anything wrong or neglected about the place he wd see that & put it right - indeed I have always had a feeling of safety & security whenever Edward was with us - for many years back. Now of course I must relinquish much of this - for having an establishment of his own - he cannot be so often here - & not having his little Sweet heart to come to, he will not be so anxious to come over, & having her there, I cannot think of his leaving her - My dear William is exceedingly careful & really shews much discretion & judgement in attending to everything so that in fact - we do not require Edward so much in that way - but not one of my boys are companions so much to my fancy as dear Bessie - Edward & Robert - I think Robert will sometimes come & keep me company - poor fellow he is now very ill with Ague - much reduced - So is my poor William - his fever has turned into Ague, which is not so bad - I am always afraid now of intermitting fever ending in Typhus - it is so weakening - but Ague is not so bad - Quinine seems to have no effect now in stopping Ague - & it is in every house in the country - & you go no where without seeing two or three miserable yellow emaciated creatures crawling about - Williams illness has come at a busy time - & we are obliged to hire people to plough & plant potatoes - which is very expensive - Frank cannot settle his mind to work at home & is trying to push himself forward on his own farm - I cannot blame him as he is 21 - & he wants to be independent - he is a fine active pleasant fellow - very much like his dear Papa in his character & ways - Johnny is a steady hard working lad - but having had Ague for two months - & being naturally of a delicate frame his strength is not equal to much exertion - he has many good points - but is awfully selfish & old batchelorish in his ways - & particularities - Frank is the pleasantest companion of any of the boys - but he scarcely ever is at home - & never seems to care for any of his own family - he is now staying at the Browns - we are obliged to keep Charlie from School which will be a terrible loss to him as we require him to help on the farm - he too is but weakly as he has had Ague & is growing very fast - you see now my dear why I have been low spirited since I lost those three - who were everything to me - I have not yet got a housekeeper - but am in hopes of soon having Ellen Duffield - & she will be a treasure to me - as she is a very excellent housekeeper in every way - & knows practically - all that is to be done in a country house like this - where economy is necessary - she is active & healthy which is another requisite - as I am not myself quite so well able to run about as I once was - We have known the Duffields for many years so she is no stranger

June 1 There was a terrible frost last night which has killed all out India corn - Punkins, Squashes - & all the Plumbs of which there was an immense quantity today we have good fires on it is so cold This day 26 years ago we sailed from Ireland

78-008/2/10 #206

Auburn Thursday 29th July 1848

My own darling H. Good news, good news, new ink, new ink bottle & many other nice things! - I have the pleasure of telling you that my Box arrived here in safety on Tuesday evening, & all its contents have been examined & admired. And now I must try and express to you & my other dear friends how truly & heartily grateful I am to all who contributed to the valuable contents of that same box - but all I can say seems to come far short of what I wish to say - all seems too cold for my heart is full of love & thankfulness. I have also many messages from those who were so kindly thought of in this most acceptable & well chosen collection of useful & pretty things! - but all seem to centre in my breast - because it is for my sake that you all shew such kindness to my children. As usual the Box was tedious in its passage from Montreal where it arrived on the 16th of June - but having been detained above ten days at Port Hope (only a days journey from this) it did not reach me till 25th July. I had almost given up hopes of having it even so soon - as the Steam boat from Peterboro & Rice Lake had met with an accident. William had gone into Peterboro Tuesday & fortunately took the waggon. Just as he was leaving town he heard the Steam boat bell & though of going to see if it was there.

At the landing place he met Charles Dunlop who did not know that Willy was in town, & was just coming here with my box - was he not kind,

So Willy soon got it on board his waggon & drove off - Edward also had gone to Peterboro that morning & had left Bessie here till he came back - so it happened nicely that she could see the box opened - & take her own share of the goods home with her.

Well, about 9 oclock in the evening, Bessie, Ellen Duffield & I were sitting at work at work at the Drawing room window, when we heard wonderful shouting & cheering on the road - & presently saw two waggons coming along at a tearing rate - I knew the hindmost was Edward's - he & George had gone together & both were dressed in dark clothes - but the foremost waggon had 7 men in it - all without their coats - & one had his hat off - & reared & cheered loudest of all

The horses were galloping at a furious rate, & I concluded they were some of our neighbours who too often return from town drunk & very noisy - But these people turned in & galloped straight up to the yard gate

Henry & Kate ran to open the gate, for they saw before I did who they were & what the cause of the noise was. They flung open the gates & cried out The Box! The Box! - & the first waggon galloped round the house & stopped at the veranda opposite the little parlour window - then I discovered the reason, - but I was nearly breathless with fright for I was sure some accident would happen. I found the three men were Willm - Mr Fowlis & Frank whom they had picked up on the road & he had jumped up on the box - wh made him taller than the rest - the heat & excitement had made them throw off their coats. The poor horses too were equally exited & tried to run off before they had the box out of the waggon but no one was hurt fortunately. No time was lost in removing the Tarpaulin covering - but we did not take off the lid till Wm & Edward had put their horses as every man is his own groom here - & till John & Charles had come in from the hay field where they were still working. In about 20 minutes all were collected & the box was brought into the parlour & put by the window. Wm opened it & handed out the contents - many ready hands were stretched to receive each article & lay it on the table where Bessie & I were standing to receive them - Shirts, sheets, shoes, parcels, bundles, boxes - all were laid on the table - but not in silence I assure you. You never heard such gabbling & exclaiming - such running & tramping backwards & forwards - But in the midst of all, we all & each, felt bitterly the blank there was! the loss of one who was ever foremost in the pleasure of opening the Dublin box! We could not help feeling a pang in the midst of our joy.

Anna & Ellen too & their husbands were always here before - but this time we could not manage to have them as it is now quite a piece of business to fetch Anna & her 3 chicks & their maid all up - & she cannot leave them at home; and as Ellen has no servant at present she could not come. Bessie however was on this occasion the person most concerned having so large a share in the property. So we decided to proceed without delay

Bessie's sheets, shifts & &c were laid on one end of the sofa, & mine on the other - & all the parcels on the table to be opened. Bessie & Edd were of course much delighted & overflowed with admiration & gratitude - indeed they wd he heartless creatures if they were not - but they have hearts that can feel & appreciate the kindness of such friends. Everything was so nice, good, & beautiful & handsome useful & substantial of their respective kind

It was late as you may suppose when all were taken out & opened but the Browns were obliged to go home, late as it was, as Edward was to be out at his hay field at five in the morning - So we put back the nice bonnet & black silk & scarves & shawl & all the small things of Bee's into the tin box - & put it & the larger articles into the large box - Edward fastened the lid & put it into his waggon - he next put in his little wifey & then drove off. There was so much hurry I only had a sight of Bessie's nice things, but they have invited me to go as soon as I can to spend days with them & look over everything quietly

The beautiful writing case was a most unexpected present & a most useful one indeed. It was a handsome one, & just what they particularly wanted as neither of them had any desk or box to keep papers or writing materials in - & this for both so well - it was indeed very kind of dear Louisa to think of it - I am sure Bessie will write her own thanks for every thing better than I can - I have not seen any of the things which were inside of it yet - Thank dear Lou too for the dress - it is exceedingly pretty & cool & light for summer. The bonnet fits Bessie very well, she says it is the most comfortable fit she ever had it looks nice & the ribbon is very handsome - thank you my dear for that & the other pretty things, the shirt &c &c - But I have only seen them as yet by candlelight

The Black silk seems very nice, & a very good one & I think the material for my dress beautiful - it is soft & fine - I must have it made by a dress maker to do it justice - was the beautiful Shetland scarf for Bessie - it is not on the list

Wm is greatly pleased with his knife & which he says is capital & he is truly thankful for them George has been in quite a fever of expectation about his treasures - & you never saw a boy so delighted as he is - the beautiful box of instruments & the books too! the exact kind he wanted! he says he is quite made up now from the time his books & box were taken out he had no eyes, ears or interest for anything else he sat looking at them & the books & I could hardly get him to bed at half past twelve oclock I must now come to my own share & thank you dearest for the Books

The numbers of Chambers Miscellany are a delightful addition to our own stock - we have now twenty volumes complete - a nice library - I gave them to Willy as a Birthday present, each year as they came. Kate has been busy reading Uncle Sam's money box - & Henry has taken a fancy to Orlandino - so I think I must give it to him for he is a very good little fellow - & deserves a little present now & then - They all seem to prize any thing sent from home as [pecular] treasures I have not had time to look into any of them yet - You asked if you had sent me Sir Walter Raleighs life but it has never come. Thanks for the black stockings - the cotton ones are very nice, & the silk ones quite a luxury - & we cant get any such things here unless we pay extravagantly for them & even then so bad - mere cobwebs - we can only get worsted which are too warm for summer so those are most acceptable & so are the black gloves - & thank you for this nice paper wafers envelopes & the lozenges & the brown stick which I am sure is good for coughs - it is so like old [Danesous] lozenges

Thanks thanks thanks to all dear friends for all - & to Maria Noble too for the nice little knife which I was really in want of - it is hard to meet with good cutlery here. I think I could fill sheet after sheet in thanking my kind friends & saying how much pleased I am with every thing - but I must write my thanks separately to my other friends another day - this is Friday 20th

Yesterday I was annoyed at being interrupted in this Letter - but it was very well for I had your letter in the evening of the 7th of July only 20 days from the date.

I have been very confortable for some time past as Ellen Duffield saves me all trouble in household affaires - & I have more time for quiet enjoyment - she is no needleworker so she does not assist me in that way - but I have very little work now - compared to former times - Alas! the numbers of those I work for are much decreased - & the quantities of made up things sent out the last two years from home have helped me unspeakedly [ ]

78-008/2/10 #207

Mariposa 20th September 1849

My very dear kind friend & Mother

I received your little note & the other &cs last Monday and I now sit down to write you a few lines, though I have not much to say just at present. I had some thoughts of putting off my communication untill next week when I would have been able to write more certainty respecting my own prospects in the world but I have been thinking that if I did you would be imagining that I was ill or something the matter, and I concluded I would just sit down and go at it as I had some spare time. I was much disappointed that McNeil could not bring my box and if I can borrow a light waggon I shall have to come down for it myself next week some time. He brought the parcel which you were so kind as to send, and you may depend I felt grateful to you for all that was in it, and am happy to tell you that I am much better but I was very unwell for some time with this Bowel complaint which is so common. There have been several deaths here occasioned by it which caused me some uneasiness although I was not seriously ill and I went down and stayed awhile with Dr Kellog who dosed me to such good purpose that I am now quite well again only a little weak or - so for which I trust I am sincerely thankful to the giver of all good, I was also, much obliged to you for the Newspaper. I have read some of the speeches contained in them with much satisfaction and I hope profit. I did not take your Medicine as I was just discharged cured when I received them but I shall keep them for a former occasion. The socks, which you sent I have not tried on but I think they look first rate. I am not partial to large socks at any time. I had a letter from Aunt Morrison and a most edifying one it is. The poor Old Woman is in a happy state of mind she says she wants for nothing which this world can give and that instead she sometimes has a mite to spare for others who are blind or otherwise in necessitious circumstances. She says she wants me to write her a few times more and she thinks that will be all as she is now well stricken in years and hopes soon to go to her Fathers house poor Aunt Matty is still alive but unable to write as she cannot see and is otherwise disabled, but she sends a message to all of us and wrote as well as she could on a small slip of paper - dear James will please tell the rest, USA but I shall bring the letter with me when I come down though I must tell you that she sends her kindest love and respects to you and Bessie. I have applied for a Situation and shall know on Saturday whether I am to get it or not and shall be able to tell you all abt it when I come down and I dont think I shall be able to see you again for a good while if I get this situation. I have been shocking dull and lonely since I came back. Thinking on you all and how happy you were and how comfortable. I might have been among you had it not been for my own bad conduct &c. I believe I was very wrong to feel so but I could not help it and I found great comfort reading when I had time. Some of the nice books which I got from you and Templeton - and when I remembered how much better off I was than I deserved and how thankful I ought to be that God who in his infinite spared me through a long career - of sin and folly and brot me at last to see myself a lost and ruined sinner - and led me by his good spirit to fly for refuge to lay hold on the hope set before me in the Gospel [ ] [Torn] What have I a living man to complain and thank God I believe I am contented and when I read my dear good old Aunts letter it made me ashamed of myself when I contrasted her holy resignatoin under all her trials and misfortunes with my own discontended & rebellious heart - but I never almost cease thinking on you all. I am with you in my dreams often and I never forget you when I go to my knees and I somberly think that you are perhaps praying for me at the same time. May he give us the true spirit of prayer and make us watchful and keep us Stedfast, immovable always abounding in the works of the Lord. Aunt Morrison is anxious to know about the rest of them. How they come on in spiritual things and I hardly know how to answer the question. I have a good deal that I could say to you my dear friend but I have to take this to the office and to write a few lines to Tempn and it is now ½ past so I shall close and with prayers truly affte Son James Brown


Mrs T.A. Stewart




4 ½



SE 21





[the seal is red wax - a circle, not intact, but with these words plainly visible [ ] gives us]

78-008/2/10 #208

Auburn 2d Novr 1849

My beloved Mary

I have been for some weeks thinking of you almost constantly longing to know something of you & still intending to write to you - but waiting from week to week still hoping to hear from some person who could give me any satisfactory account of you - but I have waited to no purpose - So I will write - but what can I say? - How can I express to you what I feel - how deeply I feel for your loss - for I fear the report is but too true - I heard it just in a round about way - by a letter from Miss Johnson of Dundalk to Eliza & then I thought it was but a report - since that other letters have come to Eliza from her sisters - which confirm it - but contained nothing that could satisfy me - & I have had no letter from my sister for a long time - I am more anxious than I can tell you to have every particular & circumstance connected with the whole of your blessed Mothers illness & departure - & your own mind - & your plans & prospects - You are my precious & dear friend. deeply deeply in my heart - & I can & do feel with you & for you - for I know too well how you feel - but I also know the strong support you have - & I am confident you now feel its strength & that you are standing on the same Rock on which She stood - can still hold fast & wait - tho' waves of trouble may surround & dash over you - yet the Rock is firm & cannot be moved - nor will you ever be washed off or shaken, while you hold fast & feel it & lean on it from support - Oh it is a blessed strength that which comes from the LORD - We know in whom we have to trust & we need not - cannot fear - Friends must be separated in this world - even young people - must be snatched from those who love them - but when we see a life of Consistency drawing gradually to a close - An aged Saint ripening for Glory - it is a different sort of sorrow which we feel - for we can only view it as a removal from the troubles of life - a rest from all the miseries of human Nature - & an entrance into an illuminated Palace of Assembled friends - Around the Throne of a Glorious King - a Gracious & Condisceding Friend - & a loving & Tender Father - Oh dearest Mary what a Meeting there was! - I have thought so much of it - the joy & transport of those gone before - How it makes one long to be with them - & to strive to be ready - to flee away - and tho' gone from us here - yet we do not feel them so far away for we are sure that our dear & precious Redeemer is there with them & waits for us too - & has our place prepared for us to go when His good time shall come - & every time we think of Him & read His Holy Word it helps us on & brings us nearer to Him & to those He has taken to His Kingdom -

Dearest Mary I hope you have not suffered in health - I have not been able to hear any thing about you - But I know how you must feel - for you were knit & bound together by the strongest ties - & so you are yet my beloved - the ties broken were merely those of this life - you have still stronger & Everlasting ties which connect you still - & are still drawing you together - I hope when you can you will write to me - I know you will - I long for it - & do tell me about Alexander & his dear wife - I feel very fond of her - & I do beg you will give my most affectionate love to her I know she was loved & valued by your dear dear Mother - & is by you too & her sweet note to me was so kind it makes me feel better acquainted with her - I am vexed that my sister has never written to me to tell me of you - for she knows how closely attached we have been since I have been acquainted with you my own darling friend & cousin - I am sure Eliza Frood will write to you. She has been waiting for me to write some time - dear Eliza - she is a fine & valuable girl & I love her more & more every day & am most thankful that I have them with me - They are pleasant in the house as companions for my young people & are exceedingly useful too - & most anxious &ready to do anything fro me - & very kind & thoughtful - The only thing that I regret is that they dont seem yet to feel the Spiritualism of Religion in their hearts - but I think the great change in their habits & ways of living - has unsettled their minds - Eliza I had supposed was much more Serious - but I think her mind is disturbed very much at present - Her brother James & other family matters weigh [ ]

[ ] he could extend come of his means of usefulness to our dark & benighted corner of the world. Now very dearest Cousin Adieu May Spiritual & temporal Blessing & Comfort be Yours - In & through Christ our Lord - Your affect cousin

F Stewart

Pray give my love to dear Alixr & family -

I hear Mary Johnsons Eldest son is going to be married to Isabella Garnett a niece to Mrs Rothwell - I knew her mother in old times

Dear Fanny

Will you send the enclosed to Ellen & I will thank you - I hope to write to you by next mail - please God Your own CEK

[Written inside a small envelope addressed:



Paid ½

Mrs Stewart


PeterboroughCanada West

Septr 19th

post paid


SP 21




SE 19











78-008/2/11 #209


Decr 4, 1850

Nearly a month has run away my very dear Fanny since my last letter to you was sent from Armagh the 7th & though I did intend indeed to write to you from Dublin where we were on the 12th of Novr - I never could manage to do so - between one hurry or other - & was forced to defer till I came here, where you will be glad I am sure to see that we are. We arrived on last Saty - & had the pleasure of finding Fanny looking well - & seemingly really well - & as active as ever - & busy about her work people - & her mind thank God very bright - Indeed we have great reason thankfulness that she has so well got over the severe illness she had last summer - & is so much the same dear active & energetic creature that she ever was

Do no forget in your next, to tell me if my green stamp & blue one carry my letters free to you - You have never answered me - & I cannot help feeling a misgiving in regard to it, though I was assured at the Post Office then heads would answer

Your last letter was most particularly welcome to me dear Fanny as it assured me you were well - & it was indeed a great comfort to me to find that you had improved in strength & health - & now dearest child I hope you will try to keep it up by more regular exercise & air taking - wh - I am sure will help very much to keep those bad attacks that seem to come all over you at times - but I think altogether your illness of last summer hung longer on you than ever before, & shows you how very important it is that you should do all in your power "by way of prevention"

This day is the most lovely of days! I wonder if you have the same! So soft & such a hot sun - & no wind, only a mild & gentle air I have been out for an hour & half round the lawn - & up to the Vicarage to visit Mrs Powell & into town which is a mass of mud - & now having eaten luncheon I am come at 3 oC to write a little more as this must go tomorrow to Dublin without fail, to be in time for the Saturday Mail! F E had a letter from Barry yesterday by which I find he will not visit you till Spring - which will I hope be more convenient to you. I was rejoiced to find by his mentioning him, that George had come back safe from his surveying peregrinations in the remote region he had gone to - by this time he is with you I suppose. I hope we may hear that Frank is quite well - & all the others - what a change it was to you to have only Henry & Kate on Hallow eve! - but I hope they will all assemble at your fire side at Christmas & be sociable

You asked me a very odd question in your last letter - which I will answer now while I think of it - viz - about poor George Tuite He did not marry a papist - nor in any way beneath him - His wife was Miss Wood, daughter of Colonel Wood of Littleton A Gentleman of large fortune in England There had been an angagement or attachment for some years - She had a good fortune - He quitted the army & they usually lived in Engd - but he used to come over now & then to see his father & his mother & help them to settle accts - & he & his wife latterly spent every year sometime at Sonna on account of Hugh Tuites daughter having no female friend to take care of her - but George died last year & Mrs George resides at a place he had purchased in Engd - Hertfordshire I think - Hugh Tuite was the eldest - had several years ago married Miss Oconnor - a person of good family - but connected with several RC families - for he was brought into Parliament by the RC interest - She was a Protestant however herself - She became quite insane having first got into debt in a most terrible degree - for a long time her friends would not consent to her being placed in an asylum - but she is now in one in Paris - She had 2 Children Joseph & Sarah who are now grown up & are at present in Paris, I believe, where they went to see their unfortunate mother and their aunt her sister Miss Julia OConnor - She turned Cat two or three years ago - & I much fear she will draw them after her

We left the observatory on the 12th Novr & went to Dublin where I was very anxious Sir Henry Marsh wd see Louisas fingers & toes - which when he saw, he pronounced to have the same disorder as her finger wh has been long & obstinately sore. He ordered her a medicine to take 3 times in the day - I could not make out from the prescription what it is - but I am in hopes it is gradually doing her good - he rather wished her to stay in town under his eye - but when she told him we were anxious to be with F E in this dark weather - he agreed at once - he ordered enough of the medicine to answer for half the time - so that she will not be obliged to get it more than once from Dublin while here for we promised to return home soon after Xmas Sir Henry says that disagreeable as the soreness of fingers & toes must be - we may be very glad to see them - for the disorder all arises from the stomach - & if it were not thus out & so annoying - it would most probably be in the coats of her stomach, in ulcers & probably she would be in great danger - The sea sickness seems to have increased the disorder - So as it is out I hope in God that if not cured we shall at least keep it out - Her spirits are better - but they vary just with her health - and indeed I must say that though she is always wanting to be quiet & to have repose - & not to be hurried yet she is always inclined to do too much & even for laying out too much to do at once - We do it one & 2 times & then she tires herself too much - the quiet of home she is always wishing for - but poor dear she forgets that a Dublin life is in itself a constant fuss in some degree - & very different from this country life - where there is only an odd visitor now & then - & no going out in the evening to dinner or parties which are quite out of fashion in the country

The only dissipation here is going to luncheon - & people are invited now to it on a day named, just as if to dinner. This is I think something in the style of your early dinners in Canada - It is just like the way we managed in the Co Meathe at the time of the Defenders - as you will find Mrs Merrien describes - only in time, they went to breakfast - which is [ ]

This day is so dark I can scarcely see - & now luncheon is come up and I must go & eat - It is Louisa's meat dinner - & being too late an hour for meat Sir Hy says but she may eat puddings & tart then I forget half of what I have said here & somehow I seem never to read over as I ought I am glad Dr Hays practice is so much encreased & hope people may learn to pay better. Louisa & F E both send kind love to you dearest & we are all heartily glad that Ellens husband is so much better I hope the next letter will say he is well & that you may be able to tell me that [ ] Frank is recovered and is at home under your own care I have looked at your letter and I don't see anything to [ ]

78-008/2/11 #210

Burkly Vicarage Feby 19th 1851

I fear my very dear Fanny that by this time you must have given up all hope of ever hearing from me again

The desire to hear from you should have induced me to have made an exertion to write - Many difficulties however have been in my way, & not but for too very pecular circumstances I should have written long since. I always feel that my letters can afford but little interest to anyone excepting to those who are immediately interested in passing wants & thus day after day has passed without my being able to bring myself to the feeling that my letter could afford interest to those so fully ["fully" crossed out] ignorant of all that immediately concerns us - Our family circle has diminished almost to nothing & literally I am the only one now at home - Mary is staying with her Brother Wm who occupies a farm in Dulyshia, who almost always requires one of his sisters to be with him - Poor fellow he is struggling with the bad times & is not able to be married to one who I heard is calculated to make him happy but he cannot afford the additional expense which a wife must necessarily create - Ellen with her Father is stopping in Leinster for a few days - to hear Lecture on Egypt, Palastine,& Ninaveh - I am sorry to say that my dear edwd had rather a severe fall from his horse about a fortnight ago - But I trust all damage is over & he is quite getting himself again - His head was not in the least injured but his back came with force to the ground which has crippled him a good deal, but now I thank God he is fast recovering I long to have some tidings of you all - I heard from Mrs O Bene some time ago that two of your sons were settled in the States & doing well. Also that one of the Froods was settled near you, but as this is old news, many more events no doubt have occured since - Do dear Fanny forgive my silence & let me hear any particulars respecting all of your sons & daughters & of all the Reeds - I heard from B-Mitchell last night He said that Alex & Lydia had been very ill but that she has gone to Dublin for change of air & scene, but she was much better - He proposes going to England in May & wishes to get an introduction to the Library in Oxford in order to search old Anthems & old copies of the Scriptures - We hope to be able to further his wishes - I hope my dear Fanny you will very shortly send me a full account of all my dear relations, known & unknown - Tell my very dear Maria how much I should hearing her once more before we are called out of this present time, but as this is hopeless, may each of us be looking for a long & better meeting, yes a meeting never to part again - At one time of life we must be constantly reminded that each day may be the last - Oh then may we be found ready when our Lord shall call us - How often does my dearest brother's last hour come home to try him & how often do I 'let my last [ ] be like him" - Give my most afftn love to dearest Maria & R Reid & to all who in my way would think my remembrances of their worth accepting and with my consent prays for you all that the God of [ ] from His abundant blessings upon you - Believe me my dearest Fanny your most truly attached sister

C Hoare

Three of the Peebles staid with us at different times last year - We are getting attached to Eliza who seems a most valuable & interesting person, particularly as she is placed at the head of a large family - Sarah did not stay long with us, but Fanny was with us several months & I think is the making of a nice girl - This letter missed the last mail which will account for the two dates - March 6th.

[Addressed to:

Mrs Stewart




via Halifax]

78-008/2/11 #211

[Envelope transcription only]

[Addressed to:

Mrs Waller






Peterboro July 6 1852]

[on the reverse of the envelope is the following:

Navan Jy 26 1852

Kinston Jy 8 1852

Montreal Jy 9 1852

America Liverpool Jy 25

Port Hope Jy 7 1852]

[The black seal has an English script "F S"]

[The envelope is evidently not meant to belong to the contents as the addressee is the writer of the letter; a transcription of the letter is found in 94-006 Vol. 4, p.880; there is no original at Trent University Archives]

78-008/2/11 #212

[ ] quarts of milk every day. She is a most industrious & persevering little animal, and really deserves credit. She has a large party now to provide with food: her own two sons, six feet each I am sure - John and Helen Noble; Lydia Kirkpatrick & Mary Boyes with herself & good husband, making a daily party of eight - Harriet & Louisa are at Major Fox's - there was a rumour of a whole flight of Froods going out to Canada - I left two little books with Harriet to send you by the first opportunity - They are the best method I ever saw of imparting to your children the first principles of the Christian religion - I sent both to you thinking you would dispose of them with Anna or Ellen or wherever you please. They are written by a very dear friend, from her own experience. My next letter will probably tell you the result of Richard's half yearly application to Mr Thompson, after August - and now my child, Adieu. Distribute my kindest love amongst your children & ever believe me your fondly attached

M Sutton

Tell me when you hear from Frank.

[Addressed to:

Mrs Stewart



Canada West

July 8


JY 9


78-008/2/11 #213

Hatch St July 27


My own dear Fanny

On the 17th of this month a Box sailed in the Bosphorus - R.I. Doughty, master - directed as usual to you & consigned to the care of Messrs H Jones & Co - Montreal - To whom I wrote last week to announce the circumstances - and now I shall be most exceedingly anxious to hear of its safe arrival - It is late in the year for it to set out - but the weather is now fine & I trust the Bosphorus which is a first class will make its way expeditiously - after it was nearly packed different delays occurred - and most provokingly - when it was sent from the North wall - they sent it to a different ship agent from the people I always employ - & that caused above a weeks delay - I grew impatient at Carson not having acknowledged it - wrote to him - & then learnt that he had been dayly expecting & enquiring about it in vain - so then I drove of to the various people I had employed & at the Stores at the North Wall I found they had sent it to Messrs Carver - instead of Carson - at Liverpool - Carson recovered & sent it off - & all is right now, & I hope in due time to hear of its safe arrival at Montreal & then at - wherever you order it to - I directed it to Douro as usual - as I was not sure what place to say. It contains old Athenaums of last year & all the Family Friends & Magazines that had come before the mailing of the box - also a very few new little books & several old ones which I stuffed in to fill up & tighten the box which was too large - the first we got was too small, & there was nothing between - among the old books are one or two stories & things you will like I dare say - to help to fill it up I added some yards of not very fine Flannel - as your Aunt Waller had sent fine - & I thought that you can get it now, very good at Peterboro - It would help to keep you warm with aditional petticoats - & I sent as usual a little very plain cap dear Fanny - to smarten you up - & I believe scarcely any thing else from myself - for any one except two or three little books - I sent a copy of Lessons & Trials to dear Anna Hay -

Now having done with the Box I must tell you my dearest that I had the great comfort of receiving your letter of June 30, on Tuesday last the 25th - and though you had had a bad attack of asthma after all your wedding bustle & excitement you seemed thank Heaven well when you wrote & cheerful - and it was pleasant to me to see the date - as it showed that though no longer your residence you cd be there again - & all happy & smooth - (I confess I should be glad to hear you had a fixed place of residence which admitted of Dear Kate being with you - it is not fit or right for a young girl like her to be here & there as she can & the end of it will be that she will make some foolish match in order to be settled & have a house of her own) - Your letter was very interesting - & I read a good deal of it to poor Mrs O'Beirne who was on a visit here for ten days - but is now gone home to Newry. We were delighted that Kate had made so happy & pleasant an excursion - had seen so much - & that above all she had had seen Niagara - Enviable Creature! That is a sight that I am sure she can never forget - it must be so grand & impressive. How very kind Mr & Mrs Holland were to her - they must be very valuable friends to her & her brothers. - I pity her much for her loss of her Carpet bag - a serious loss indeed, poor dear child - all her useful clothes - I am afraid she had not put a distinct Label on it - They should be always written in a large black hand so as to be easily read. I hope when Kate has time she will write to me & tell me of some of the things & sights she saw - & what her own thoughts about them were. You did not mention whether she is all better - Ellen said she had not been well before she went. I beg she may describe the curious opera she saw.

I suppose she had amused you very much by her histories of all she saw. - How kind & nice it was of her 3 sisters in law to work so much & help so well with her preparations.

I hear that Mrs Brown - (Eliza I believe is coming to Ireland next year - I wonder is it true that they intend it. It was from Mrs Taylor I heard it - when I offered to send any thing in the box for her - she said she would need nothing as they were to come next year to Ire.

I heard yesterday that a neighbor of F.E. whose daughter was lately married is greatly pleased with the book & says the story about Mortimer & his first love is so like that of her son in law & his first love that it might be thought to have been written for them

- my dear Fanny I am so happy that it gave you pleasure - and I must say Farewell my ever beloved - ever more your old & loving attached Moome

78-008/2/11 #214

[ ] well settled neighborhood but often we could not get to town in time for early service as it is above 5 miles - so Mr Lloyd consented & seemed pleased to come if Edward could bring him up & take him home - Edward said he would readily do so & he came five Monday Evenings - & we had a really good Congregation - tho' the weather was generally very bad & yet every time some more came - He is a truly & sincerely pious young man - & his heart seems devoted to his - "work" - & His doctrines seem pure - the only difference being in regard to Baptism - & he has never brought it forward in any of his lectures or conversations - On the contrary he said - I dont want to make you Baptists - I want to make Christians - He has been absent now for some weeks - but was at home last Sunday with a bad cold - & I hope he may come sometimes still tho' I am sorry to say he is soon going to leave Peterboro altogether - perhaps it is for some good elsewhere but we all feel sorry to lose one we like so much - he came always for tea & staid all night - & had hymns & sacred music, singing both before & after the meeting - he has a good voice & can sing by note - I wonder if any one else will come in his place -

Good Mr Roger has large congregations in different places & occasional visits - He is a blessing to all who know him & dear Mrs Roger is a help Meet for him in every way but has such a family that it leaves her very little time to give beyond her own house still she does a great deal -

My own love Aunt I have taken up a great deal of your attention & I fear have wearied you with this long letter - Oh say it may find you able to read it - Last night brought me letters from Rockfield - dear Aunt Sutton said she had seen you & that your strength was keeping up wonderfully - Oh may the Lord be near you & support you my own [ ]

78-008/2/11 #215a

[ ] loved ones as often as they are good enough to write -

Nov. 10 1856 I must tell you something of our wedding - It went off in "first rate" style I assure you - we had a party in the evening of a good many of our relations & connexious & some of Kates young companions - several sent apoligies - & even so I think there were between 60 & up people collected together - besides a good many of my Grandchildren & a great many old servants & tennants who were invited to a kitchen party & to witness "Miss Kates wedding" party as she has been a favorite with all who have ever known her - I must say she looked very nice & behaved with the greatest self possession during the ceremony which was performed read by Mr Warren an English Clergyman who is stationed at Lakefield in this Township a Large Settlement about 6 miles north of this place - & which belongs to Mr Strickland - Mr Warren is a pleasing man He seems not to be at all a Puseyite - which is a great comfort - he is a very liberal churchman - tho' not at all careless or slack in attending to his Duties - as far as I know - he has not been in Canada much above a year but I rather like his manner of reading the Service - I have been at his church two or three times his preaching is nothing very lively or deep - but I think very much to be preferred to our Peterboro clergyman Mr Burnham - so that we requested him to officiate at Robert & Kates wedding - & indeed he did read it remarkable well - & I was quite glad we had one who read it so impressionly - he is a sort of connexion of our family - as his wife's brother is marreid to my Greatneice Emma - a daughter of Mr Stricklands - only think of my having had two Grandnieces at Auburn that night both married women & mothers - which makes me a Great Grand Aunt - !!! - but I have digressed sadly [ ]

[page 2 not transcribed]

[ ] of her heavy duties - I have not been much with her lately & have not seen her for ten days - but I know she is not gaining strength as she ought - poor soul - I fear the exertion is too much for her & we cannot get any nurse to hire for any wages that could assist her in her Charge - She looks dreadfully ill at times - & is very pale now - The little baby is going on nicely & is a very pretty fair creature he is called John Patrick -

Ellen Dunlop is only pretty well - She has almost constantly some pain or ailment which shews there is still something wrong - She looks thin but not at all ill - & she is wonderfully strong & able to go through all her house keeping in a very active way - & to walk to see Anna very often - Dear little Mary is a charming girl - I never saw such a warm hearted affectionate creature as she is - & she is improving greatly in looks as well as in every other way - Ellen & Charles have every comfort about them - they have a sweet pretty place & a most convenient and comfortable house just as much land as affords his occupation & amusement & supplies them with many of the necessaries of life & enough of money to keep them quite independent - Ellen is always complaining of her poverty - & of the difficulty in making "both ends meet" but still I never find any want of every comfort & even luxuries - & tho' their income is nominally only £ 50 a year yet they have other helps which make it out a very good one - Mrs Dunlop sends out handsome gifts constantly & valuabe boxes of clothing every two or three years - so that they hardly ever have to lay out anything on clothing & Ellen is an excellent manager & delights in ecconomising - She makes a good deal by her poultry & dairy too & having no great family they dont require to spend too much She is very like her Aunt Kirkpatrick in many ways - & I often tell her so - She is also like her in having a warm affectionate heart & being perfectly free of from Selfishness -

I am sorry to say my dear daughter Joan is in very poor health - She seems never to have recovered the death of her little infant - & she has had a great deal of trouble about the little boy Willy - who is delicate - he is a very pretty little fellow - but she looks very ill indeed - & is far from well - I have spun out my letter to an unconscionable length - & I fear worn out your patience - but I know how kindly interested you always are about me & mine - Your friend George is well & busy - unfortunately he had some cases in court at the Assizes - & he could not get away to come to Kates wedding - And Cecilia would not leave home - as she thought he might come back from the Assizes cold & with damp clothes & she wd not leave for fear he might neglect himself - she is a good & careful little wife [ ]

78-008/2/11 #215

Thursday Jany 27

My dearest Fan

I think I must try to write to you today to thank you for your nice long letter that very pretty poem about the old man & his sleeping child or Grandchild I mean - for of course it was one - I am glad you like Poetry & have good taste so as to know the difference between really pretty poetry & only rhymes - for there are many pieces of poetry that are just rhymes, without sense - no pretty ideas in them you know those nice allusions to flowers or other objects give so much beauty to Poetry - this is called Metaphore if you look for it in the Dictionary you can understand it better - it is different from Allegory which is a story made from some imaginary objects - & is something like a sister or cousin to Metaphore - so you see I am writing figuratively now - & giving you so many long words that you will be out of patience before you are half through this long letter - I am sorry I have [ ] poetry or anecdote to give you to [ ] stupid & tired & I cannot write decently my hand is so weak - I think it is the change of weather that makes me feel so weak - You have so many friends to write to that you must be kept pretty busy - I had a very nice letter from Edward last week - He is very good about writing - I think you had a pleasant surprise in seeing Lizzie the other day. I am glad she is going to Aunt Dunlop - I hope she will stay there a good while - I think it is dinnertime. So I must shut up & say à Dieu ma chere Grandfille toujours à vous.

F. Stewart

78-008/2/11 #216

Portrush July 8th 58

Will you not be astonished to see the place I date from, my darling Sister? After 17 years without ever sleeping out of my sweet Hazelbank, here I am in full view of the Wide Atlantic, & surrounded by bare black Rocks! - Every one set upon me & said that the change of air & ec ec would be so good for me, & would brisk me up & that at last I determined to gratify all my friends & so on Monday last to Portrush we came bag & baggage - We have taken the house for the Month of July - It is particularly convenient to our Gentlemen as they can (any day) go by rail to within about 3 miles of Hazelbank, & George has at all events to return every Saturday& stay until Sunday, as there was no one who could take his duty for him even for one Sunday - We have my dear dear Kind sister Lydia with us. She came down from Coolmine on purpose to route me out - we have also little Emily Noble (Johnnie's sister) with us - a sweet little girl of nearly 18 - She is very like the little picture of our mother, so you may imagine She is very pretty. - We have had very rough cold disagreeable weather ever since we came, but I delight in it, & like the fine breezes off the Atlantic & my pains have not been half as bad as they were at home - We left Annie Dugan sole inhabitant of Hazelbank in the day time, & her husband Jimmy sleeps there I could not have attempted to leave home only for the faithful Services of Annie -

Bessy Rothwell Emma & Annie are at Myra Rectory, on a visit to Fanny Brougham, & she says She will come this way home, & pay us a visit here - so this will be very nice; There is an excellent Hotel within about 2 minutes walk of us where they can sleep, & they must just take Pot-Luck with us in the day time -

It seems very strange to me, after the great seclusion of Home, to live in the midst of fashionable people, walking about in every direction in their great Hats or tiny Bonnets & tremendous wide petticoats - hoopped out in all sides - the Girls all wear Grey Linen Jackets - & those hideous Hats - I think beauty is very scarce here - I have not seen a notably pretty Girl, since I came - just great ugly bouncing things with loud Voices, & vulgar manners - However, I think them entertaining to look at -

The bride & bridegroom of Allanstown have arrived at home, & are receiving & returning Visits, & going to dinners, & giving them & they have painted & papered poor old Allenstown & are going to new furnish it - Willie & Julia are gone to the Continent with Mr & Mrs Tisdall of Charlesfort, which is a good thing, whilst the others are billing & cooing at Allenstown - Willie Waller is a dear affectionate fellow - He & all are delighted at James's Choice - Oh he had an escape of Mrs Bayley! - I wonder what she thinks of the turn of affairs at Allenstown - Anna seems to be very well suited to James in every way - & the children have known her for such a time that they are quite at home with her -

I am sure I am writing very badly, & almost nonsense for they are talking all about me & settling about where they are to go for a Walk, & there is such a noise & confusion in the Street & Visitors coming in continually that my brains are addled I am longing for letters from you or Ellen to tell us about the poor dear Children at Auburn What a strange thing of the Traill boy to go to Auburn just shortly after recovering from scarlatine - & poor Frank's Wife & Child, & the Auburn Children & all - I have been looking out most anxiously for letters for a fortnight but no letters for me! - our letters are all sent on here from Hazelbank - where I trust we will all be all safe & well upon the last day of July - I probably will go with George on Saturday the 24th & remain with him there & let the others stay here until the 30th when they must clear out, & leave the House for other Lodgers - Give our big loves to all with you and around you my dearest dear Fanny & ever Believe me your fondly affectionate old Sister


78-008/2/12 #217

Tuesday Night 12 oclock

6 Augt 1861

My dearest Louisa

Though so late I must add a few lines to tell you a little incident which took place lately - Kate who is passionately fond of flowers & gardening took me one evening last month to a Nursery near Peterboro to see the varieties of Roses & Peonies &c all in blow - so we walked and wandered about to our hearts content & examined all the Fuschias & other plants in the houses - & were just coming away when the old gardener said - Oh Mrs Brown come here & I will give you a nice flower that smells delightful. So he took us to a little bushy shrub & plucked off some dark colored flowers which certainly did smell "delightful" & I saw it was the old Pimento - or allspice tree - you used to have at Collon - & I had never seen one since those dear old days - so I said I had not seen one of them for 50 years nearly!! - & that I saw it in Ireland - and were you ever in Ireland? said he - I said yes - I had been - Did you ever know a place called Dundalk said he? - Oh yes said I - did you ever hear of a place called Collon - for it was there I last saw the Allspice shrub - Well now - said the old cooney - Sure thats where I lived! - & served my time in Lord Oriel? - Oh yes said I - I once knew him & have often been in his gardens & have seen Rourke too - so the poor old man seemed quite astonished that I had seen or hear of "John Rourke" - and no doubt I do remember him well & you may suppose how many old recollections came to my mind from the poor old Allspice tree & old Rourke - But I must go to bed it has struck One & I am nearly blind - my pen is bad & my hand painful from rheumatism - but my heart love with you dear Louise

Your affect old F. Stewart

78-008/2/12 #218

16 Octr 1861


My dear Fanny

Your old friend and cousin has been long living in the constant intention of writing to you to thank you warmly for the kind anxiety you felt for me & kind pleasure at my recovery - but like all procrastinators I have let time slip by me while I was led from day to day by smaller objects to go on from tomorrow to tomorrow - and in so doing I was doubly idle as I wished to thank you for the nice annecdote of your meeting with one of the poor old Collon gardiners from dear Collon - it was a pleasant little circumstance recalling so much from the days gone by filling my mind & mental eyes with trees & flowers & walks & faces - all so bright in the days of youth & health & activity of both mind & body - days which, although in the passing chequered with anxiety and some painful disappointments, yet always return to mind in sunshine & enjoyment. More of both than I have ever enjoyed since through the many years in which I have been blessed with dear friends much more of prosperity and comfort than I ventured to expect or hope for - years indeed in which I have had very much enjoyment in the love & friendship of many, & in the many tastes & pursuits with which I thank God I have been blessed - And sure I am that the more we cultivate such, we not only add to happiness of life, but also we enlarge the mind and its various powers - It always surprises me to find sensible people seeming to think that these powers are confered upon us for nothing and useless gifts, and to be left uncultivated - So throwing away flowers & ornaments of life - Moderation must be employed in their use, as indeed it must in all things even the highest - we must never overdo even in the highest objects & pursuits or limit the mind by following a too narrow path even though that path be the highest of all - to that indeed all attainments must be subservient and useful cheerful handmaids - but enough of this I did not mean any of it, but it ran out of my pen & so you will be at the bother of reading it & say how tiresome this old cousin is become - so dear call it Nazareth & let it pass.

We have had very agreeable visits from our people - first Francis from India, whose manners are so pleasing & unaffected, so plain & simple that you would never think that he is considered to be the deepest lawyer in India, & that Lord Canning with-held leave for his coming home till the Physician told him that health & life depended upon change of air & relaxation, saying that he could not do without him - The place Francis holds is something tantamount to our Attorney General, but with the additional labour of the Hindoo & other Indian laws - His wife Mary is a most affection kind person, who gently wins her way by warm sympathy & loving attentions - she is not at all pretty, but very pleasing, the expression of her countenance & her lady like appearance - They left us on a certain wet Monday and had a safe & prosperous journey to Poulacurra where they were greatly liked - and on the next Tuesday came Rosalind & Emily - both in gay spirits, very glad to be again with their kindred, and most kind in telling their adventures & the small things which are too trifling to put in a "prent book" but are very entertaining to hear, - and they had variety of adventures & countries & people to tell of. They are both very much improved in manners, all stiffness & coldness having evaporated they have ready conversation for every body, & great ease of well bred manner - Emily is much improved in beauty & they both have acquired that air distingue which is so advantageous to those who live at all in the grand mond - they are at present in a very unsettled situation, for as they are to have the care of Francis's children when he and Mary return to India, they wish to live near him, but he has not made up his mind where he will pass the winter months before he returns to the east, and fancy some place very disagreeable to them, and a great way from the friends whose Society they like - They sailed yesterday along with the Walter Brinkleys to Holyhead on their way to London -

Harriet is on the whole well & her leg well, but altogether the last year has told much upon her strength and her looks - she is oldened surprisingly - She is deafer & slower altogether - at present She is in very good spirits & looks, and did not suffer as I feared she would from the anxiety and the fatigue of my illness - I am much better as to strength but still have not benefitted as much by this Country air as it was promised I should. The very bad weather has I am sure been one great cause - so many days had to be spent at the fire - and I think the hours do not suit me as well as our own rather old fashioned hours - here we never are at dinner before a quarter after seven. So Robt Mayne advised me to dine at luncheon which is at 11 ½ and that is too near breakfast & the interval from the early dinner to the great dinner is so long that one is hungry for a second dinner - however I only eat potatoes and pudding, no meat as the medicos say once a day is enough for me - I have had a great disapointment, in the effect of the illness upon my feet gradually has ceased & though not near so bad as before the fever they are gradually growing bad & relapsing into their old state - however I have great reason to be thankful that I have none of those miserable inside deseases which inflict such sufferings on so many poor creatures old & young - I cannot complain as my sight is very good - so that I can read any length of time so am of use in reading out which I generally do & so my time is not wholly lost - Pray give my love to Ellen & Mary Dunlop & my kind regards to Charlotte - adieu say kind things from me to Bessy & your innumble decendants - every yr affect idle


78-008/2/12 #219

[ ] nick of time. John was sent over here by the Post Office Authorities about some investigation (happily for us) at Queenstown, so we had him here for a few days; he has gained great credit from the Ministers I believe by the Manner in which he has acquitted himself of this business.

We have at last succeeded in letting our house in Hatch Street to a Mr Edwards who we are told is a most desirable tenant, only however for 6 months, at the rate of £ 12 per month; it will just clear the rent, & taxes; but not leave more than will pay for the painting of the outside of the windows after; however it is very well to have all that off our own pockets.

I hear sometimes from Harriet Butler & Lucy Robinson who seem very happy together. Dr R. is particularly well this year. Maxwell Fox and his wife were at William's house for two days last week, And went away in a most tremendous gale of wind & rain last Friday; she seems a nice amiable lady like very friendly mannered person, and not at all fine, considering she has been brought up in Courts, and is second cousin to our Viceroy Lord Wodehouse.

I found amongst other things in the drawers & boxes at Hatch Street, a little round box in which was a large glass lcket containing a small lock of hair & hair chain, a large ring old fashioned this shape [diamond shape diagram] also contain hair, with the initials MN worked into it, in white beads and engraved on the back "Honble Lucy Moore", & then the day of her birth & of her death in I think 1782. And also a picture of a nice looking man I think a clergyman, with mild blue eyes a nice complexion & powdered hair he looks 34 or 40, but there is no indication whatever as to who he is; then there is a black shageen case, containing two very small miniatures one a lady in a very old fashioned cap and ruffles round her neck, all seeming to be of fine lace, She is not at all pretty, her face short & broad, with dark right & rather thoughtful eyes, & short broad nose, something the shape of Grandmammas & Uncle Francis's, and rather flat pleased look in the mouth hair grey or powdered & turned back; the man in the same case has a powdered wig & peruke, rather large staring eyes, a common nose, and mouth drawn down at the corners, & self satisfied in expression, a purplish coat, with brass buttons, & ornamented waistcoat & tight white neckcloth no names to either of them there is also another of a clergyman in a gown and bands I rather think a Bishop's wig, but no, I believe it is much the same as the one our Great Grandfather is drawn in; a high forehead mild looking hazel eyes, high nose, & long cheeks & face altogether, and a mouth that turns up rather than down at the corners, it is a gentle pleasing face but neither to him is there any name attached, & no one now knows anything about them. I think Aunt Harriet must have forgotten them, as she never mentioned them, nor gave any directions about them. the Clergyman in the gown & bands seem to have been used as a bracelet clasp once Ht B suggests that the lady and gentleman might be Mrs Preston who was a great friend of Aunt Bess's & her husband & that the other good-looking man, might have been a Mr Scott to whom Aunt B was engaged and he died, & she never mentioned his name again but once; but it is all conjecture if any one living now can tell who they are you can I think: O! how pleasant it would be if we could meet and talk about these old time people; that I at least never heard of. I wish I had heard more while those who could have told me were living; it is such a pity not to put names, or even initials at the back of pictures or lockets or such things, to show in after years who they were. Poor Mrs Rothwell & Bessy have taken a flight to Marseilles to see John off to Melbourne, where he has been [ ]

78-008/2/12 #220

April 18 1866

My dear Fanny

I am so delighted to hear the box arrived safe, I was just calculating that about the end of May I might hear of its arrival, when your announcement of it came; I hope all the things came safe, and that nothing was spoiled by lying so long in the Glasgow warehouse. I did not [ ] in Dublin as I was advised not till it had arrived at Glasgow, and then I asked over & over for a bill of its freightage and never would get it, so I concluded all would be charged to the Hall & Nichol like a foolish creature I told you in my last, I would send a list and forget to enclose it; but as you have got the things safely it does not matter now. I am glad you like those Allenstown trees. I thought them very pretty, and that they would be more dear to you who knew and loved old Allenstown so much, than to any other person. I found the other day a beautiful little curl of Anna Hay's hair, cut off in 1819, it is such pretty golden looking hair, if you like to have it, I would send it in a letter to you. I hope the little box by Mrs Strickland may soon find its way to you too. I think I mentioned in my last what was sent in that - Charlotte wished to send a book to Ellen in it but we could not get to Cork during the short week John was with us, nor had we due notice of his coming to get one before hand. You did not write to Fanny since she wrote, but of course she knew the fire &c must have put all other things out of your head. I hope you have read Mr Day's sermons and like them. I heard him preach several of them; he is an excellent valuable man. I hope the Fenians will be as little successful in Canada as here not that I think they are put down by any means, they are only keeping quiet till some better opportunity offers, or some able leader turns up. We are present very anxious as the result of the Church separation bill which is to be read tonight I believe a second time. Mr Whitesides speech upon it was admirable.

How Providentially this money will come in for you just when you want it for the new house! And how glad she who left it would be to think she had thus far contributed to your comfort. I suppose Wm will answer you about the sending &c - I have not seen much of him this week as the Annual meetings are going on in Cork, and he has been there all, & every day. I am keeping watch at home with Fanny today as Charlotte & Emma are gone to the Bible Meeting and I am writing in haste while my Mother takes her after dinner nap, but I am afraid I shall not have finished it in time for this day's post;

I found lately a parcel of very old letters one of them addressed to "My dear Niece" and signed Wm Smyth - Barbaville and directed to Mrs Waller Allenstown, it was a letter of condolence on the death of her son James who had died of the affects of the fatigue he underwent at the siege of Calcutta in 1757. Another was from Capt. Latham the commander of his ship the Tiger to beg of Cole Congreve to make known his death to his parents. Another from himself in 1753 when coming from school, asking that the horses might be there to meet him as he was impatient to be at "dear Allenstown" again, and begging that he might have a new coat, another a few years later from Plymouth where he was waiting for his ship and very lonely & sad, and endorsed in writing almost effaced "My dear child thou wert thy Father's Glory & thy Mother's Hope and now thy Country's loss". he must have been a Brother of Grandmama's and of Aunt Bess I suppose, and that these letters were treasured up by her; they tell a silent but touching tale of early promise blighted, and of parental hopes and affections overturned. You dont say anything in your last letter about your little rheumatick boy & the other sick ones. So I hope all are well.

Helen is a very pretty name I think and to my mind much prettier than Marian, and very suitable to a young lady whose birth was nearly ushered in by a fire. "Like another Helen. fired another Troy" Mother wakes so I must shut up, her love & Fanny's and all of us all your ever affect cousin

M.A. Beaufort

78-008/2/12 #221

Tuesday 8th June 1869

My dearest Fan

I have been too long in writing to thank you for your two nice long letters which I have been wishing to answer sooner but have not one moment to spare. I am always trying to get on but some way I seem not to advance at all - for the last week I hardly sewed or knitted much I have not felt very well Lately & that makes one dull & slow - & this cloudy weather & so many going away so far from us all - and poor Aunt Georgina so ill - altogether coming in one week seems too much for poor old Mother and Grandmother of so many - and I have been thinking so much about them all that I could hardly think of anything pleasant, except that I am sure God knows all & can help all who want his care or help if pray to Him and love Him and Look to Him - & trust Him - & when one thinks of this it seems to take a great load off ones heart - and when I am sitting alone in the hall or in my room, these thoughts keep me from feeling lonely or too melancholy - but I dont know why I am writing all this to you - how pleasant it is to have a fire these cool days and evenings - Have you got the stove out of the hall - I suppose you have long ago - & the carpet on - I wonder when I shall get up there again - I did not like to go when Mother had no girl - as I do so little to help her -

I must stop now as it is past 3 & I suppose you will be soon going

Ever your old Grannie, FS

Thank you for the XL Psalm. Did you ever read the same Psalm in the Church of England Prayer book get Mothers Church of England Prayer book & read the last Psalm XL and tell me which you like best when you compare them - so goodbye again


Miss Fan Brown]

78-008/2/12 #222

Wednesday 17th Novr 1869

My dearest darling Fan

I am going to write you a long letter in return for yours which I likes so much and thank you for as much -

I think it is a very good way to read over the chapter of Scripture one has heard in Church - after one comes home - as it fixes it in our mind - I agree with you that that verse is a very beautiful one - How pleasant it is if one's mind is anxious or troubled about any thing to remember that the Lord knows all our sorrows and troubles, and feels for us and with us - more even than our dearest friends can - and we can trust Him without any fear of His forsaking us or deceiving us - this is trusting in the Lord - & if we ask Him in prayers to help us and to give us patience & faith - we will be able to "wait patiently" to see what He will bring for us or how He will help us out of our trouble - Trusting in Him gives us Rest in our mind

I have been thinking a great deal about old times - as it is one of my memorable days - because on this day 65 years ago - when I was a very small bit of a girl my kind old friend Mr Edgeworth took me up in his arms and kissed me Good bye - as he was going away home to his own house - well just then he said "Oh I think I will take you home with me - put on your bonnet & get yourself ready - where are your clothes?" - he ran up stairs to my Aunts room where I was getting ready - & he just took up a bundle of my clothes out of my drawer in his arms & stuffed them into a bag in his carriage & got a stool for me to sit on - & away we drove - there were in the carriage Mr & Mrs Edgeworth - and Miss Beaufort & Charlotte Edgeworth - we had 40 miles to drive - up hills & down hills - & through two or three towns & it was quite dark when they got home - it was quite a mild warm damp day not like today at all - I staid there nearly six months - & came home to my Uncles at Allenstown on the 20th of April 1805 - having gone on the 17th Nov 1804 - Oh it was such a nice happy time - so I always went there every year afterwards for a month or some weeks till I was married 11 years afterwards - & now every one of those who were with me then both at Allenstown & Edgeworthstown are dead & gone - except my old self & one or two cousins who were wee children then - So I think I have made out as long a letter as yours - I send you a little poem, I met with in a newspaper which took my fancy - I hope you may not be quite disgusted and wearied with this letter - Aunt & Uncle Dunlop were here yesterday from about 4 till 10 - I was wishing father & mother had come in too - we played 5 games of whist - Uncle Dunlop & mary Mathias against Molly & me - we got 3 games & they two - So I think I may stop now & am as your ever fondly loving Grandma

F. Stewart

78-008/2/12 #223

1st Octr 1871

My dear Fan

I think I will send you a nice bit of poetry which I think may be considered & called a hymn - which I have copied out of The Sunday at Home, and I took a notion you would like it, tho' it looks rather long - I like to have some thing to write on Sunday so I also send you a scrap if you intend reading out scraps in the evening - I will (DV) give it to you on your return from church. Is Jessie to come home with you I think she must be getting - sick she so seldom likes being from home - Do you know I am awfully sleepy I have nodded two or three times over this - the house here is always so quiet & still even Dunbar never makes any noise like what other boys do - & dear wee Rolly is too far off to hear the noise - Oh dear I was asleep just when I was writing the words "to hear" in the 4th line back - & I dreamed that some one said "Rolley has gone to Washington to see the President! & to be examined for the new situation" - I was just thinking why he went off so far & did not come to say Goodbye when I awoke - & now I will stop as I have been asleep again - Goodbye dear Ever your own Grannie Oh see all the wee marks where my pen wandered to & had a wee dance to itself tho' it is Sunday - Goodbye dear I am your own fond G once more & for ever F. Stewart

[Addressed to:

Miss F.S. Brown


78-008/2/12 #224


April 13

My dearest Fanny,

James desired me to enclose this cheque by this post & so I must write a shorter letter as I am in the midst of a children's party at this moment! not a very propitious moment to write a sane epistle, but you will know how to excuse my mistakes as you will know the position. Catherine, Mary, Helen, Elysie, Graham Craig brought over the two dear little boys this morning - Stewart & Harry Mysie is now in the centre of the group in the hall playing blindman's buff & to judge by the uproar it is very successful. There are two fat little boys here also, grandsons of Mrs Gerrard of Boyne Hill - grand nephews of old Mr Gerrard of Gibbstown - one of whom is such a worshipper of my Florence that from the first he always included her in his prayers "and bless Papa & Mama & Miss Fawence Haller"! Julia & I are going on Friday to Dublin for a week to see the grand doings there in honour of the P. & Princess of Wales. We go with James & the Installation in St Patrick's cathedral - on Saturday Julia & Willie go to a ball given by his Excellency on Monday & there is the Flower Show & also a cattle show - so I hope we shall see enough of Royalty before we leave.

Bessie R. is enjoying her son & daughter in law's company now as well as the baby. She will have some more of the married ones up for the Prince's visit. I hope to see her then. We have splendid weather now and had very hot days in the beginning of the month.

I have been very busy in my garden & made some improvements in the shrubs.

James send his love - "hunting is up", but he and the boys are still taking out the Harriers for an odd day. Jas. looked remarkebly well all the season, but now got a cold -

This is the most wretched letter I ever wrote to you.

in haste your afft

A.M. Waller

[Vol. 5]

78-008/2/12 #225

10 Jany 1872

My dearest Fanny

I have often intended to write you and Jessie to thank you for your nice Christmas presents - indeed I feel vexed & ashamed at not having done so much sooner for I have often looked at both the pretty Edgings - and your nice box which you sent the Chorchet pieces in - All so very neat & nicely done - & I hope to have it all sewn on my new Chemises very soon, as I have had one chemise halfmade for a long time - which I must soon finish as my old ones are going to stripes - they split up the back & sides every time I wear them - so as the days grow longer I hope to be more alive & get more done - if I do not get sick - I am so afraid of getting sick - this is the time of year I generally get one of my bad colds & I think I get one now - it would be sad trouble to everybody - for all seem to have plenty to do - but we must be thankful that when we hear of so much sickness & deaths in so many families - we are all kept so well on both houses - I hope it may long continue so - & that soon we shall all get more settled - So in the meantime we must try & trust in God to guide us all in the right way - and leave all our cares in His hands - Psalm xxxvii - 5 and all will be right - I must now go to tea so goodbye for this time

78-008/2/12 #226


19th April [72]

My own dear Kate

Your affectionate letter received this morning, delighted us all & I hope to answer it in time for the Cunard Steamer - Oh, how I wish that I knew you, my own own Godchild - you & your brothers & Sisters are the very nearest relatives I have next to my darling Husband & Sons in the World - Well, perhaps even in this world we might meet, & if not I trust in a far better place - You are all very good in writing to the old Irish Auntie, & I prize all your letters, & you cannot please me more, than in telling me all about yourselves, & Children.

This has been a very unhealthy year, from the month of October we have had more cold rain, that I remember - no snow except a slight sprinkling for a day or two & very little frost but just rain & cold damp weather until this month when we have had sunny weather, but cold Easterly wind - some warmth is greatly wanted - However, we have early potatoes [up crossed out], in the garden & the hedges are growing & beans are coming on.

WE have a bed of double tulips & some very pretty auriculas & plenty of primroses, [double white & lilac & yellow] which enliven the flower garden - & look like spring from the windows -

Our dear little baby Grandchild is a great comfort & pleasure to us - He is very large & very healthy - He has 2 of his Eye teeth out & of course he felt stings of pain but no serious illness as some children of his age have & he is out every day that is not damp no matter how cold the wind is - I hope that Alexander's Glebe House may soon be begun, for his present residence is rather far from the church in winter for evening service, but the place they rent at present is a very nice small house, with a good large garden & one or two fields, for which he pays £ 45 per year! - He keepa a coe & a pony & he has a nice little pheaton, - Georgy & his good kind wife live here with us; He has just been appointed Cess Collector of this Barony, which will bring him in about £ 130 a year; He is very thankful for it, to help to, as we Irish say, "to keep the pot boiling" - How are matters fixed, about your precious Mother's affairs? - I heard, that her own fortune, which was in the hands of my cousin James Waller of Allenstown, was to go amongst her 4 daughters - How is the town property settled, - & what about poor Auburn that [by all accounts] lovely place? - I feel greatly interested about all & everything -

I hear from Charles that the 3 babies are quite well, & poor Charlotte much better though still suffering from a swelled leg, a common complaint, after some people's confinements, & not dangerous, but very troublesome. The 3 little babies have been christened - my son Alexander is Godfather to the boy, who is named Charles Alexander, one little girl is called "Charlotte" - the other is [I think] called Ellen Elliot - each child has 4 sponsers! My darling Kate - your darling Mother & I, were so separated when young that I cannot tell much of her early days, - When my dear Mother & Aunt Susan went to England after my father's death, Fanny was taken to Allenstown & I was taken by Uncle & Aunt Sutton; when my Mother found that she was too ill to return to Ireland, she sent for me, but the Allenstown people would not part with Fanny - at my Mother's death, Uncle & Aunt Sutton asked dear Aunt Susan, [who was like a 2nd Mother to me, & promised my Mother never to leave me] to bring me to Ireland & both to live with her & Uncle Sutton.

Fanny lived with old Aunt Bess Waller & Harriet Beaufort at 31 Merrion St., Dublin, & she & I only met for a short, but happy time, when she & Aunt Bess came to Allenstown in the summer time for about a month to eat fruit - & I was at Clonghill with the Suttons, but we were little together - but we loved each other as well, if not better than sisters who were always together: Aunt Susan brought me often to the north of Ireland to see old Aunt Smyth who lived in Lisburn; she was our great aunt & her daughter was Mrs John Stewart of Wilmont your dear Father's eldest brother - You know all about the failure of Mr John Stewart & then me dearly loved sister went to Canada with her husband - we never met again!!!

Our father was Dean of Elphin, & must have died very soon afterwards as I have not the slightest recollectoin of him, or of Elphin or of my Mother going to Bath. I remember my dear Mother in Bath, a beautiful lovely woman, but a great invalid going about in a wheel chair -

I must stop writing now as this letter must go today to catch the Cunard Steamer at Liverpool or at Queenstown. Tell dear Ellen when you see her, that I hope next week [please God] to answer her letter dated March 25th received upon the 11th of this month - Give my love to your dear good husband ' kiss all the dear & young ones, for Aunt Kirkpatrick, & write soon my own dear Child, to your fond Aunt Kate -Uncle & Georgy & Geraldine all unite in Love, so would Alexr & Alicia if they knew I was writing - ever yr affect - Aunt CEK

78-008/2/12 #227

Peterborough July 4th 1878

My dear Herbert,

I hope you are quite well. We are taking the chance to write to you by the Dunlops. It will save money anyway. The pen is pretty soft & I cant write well. Father had to shoot Cosy & old Shefie threw Blacky over the dam & we only have Tiny left. Flora is going to Grafton and I am going to keep her bird for her. Mother made some ginger beer, we have Black Berries ripe and we get three raspberries a day. Do you know Buck the horse doctor. Well wither you know him or not, he poisoned himself. Cecil Stewart was up to stay all night last night and Father Percy Cecil and Cecil went down for a swim last night. Our potatoes are fit to use. They are quite big for their age. Write to me sooner than you can. I had a letter from Fannie last night. How do you like Montreal I cant get a good pen ones too hard and the other is too soft, so please excuse the writing. Have you seen the Rev E F Torrance yet. I suppose you have. I can beat Percy in a hop step and a jump nearly a foot ahead of him. On Sunday evening one of the Fisher's were coming up the avenue & Mungo ran after her & she gave a scream. Mother thinks that he bit her. I can work on Jessie's sewing machine to make dolls and things on it. How many times a day do you say "Ethel" for Edith. How do you like working at warehouse. Is it very hot in Montreal. It is a good bit cooler than it was a few days ago here. Burton can say all our names. He says Papa Mama & wawa and a lot more. He calls himself Ba Ba. The Orange men are putting up arches for the 12th. I cant think of anything more to say except Good-bye. Your loving sister Helen. PS. I was a t a party at the Taylors on Friday. It was Mary Taylors birthday. there were twenty girls there - Helen Brown

There are three archs up in town. there is a double one on Water St. it has a deer & eagle on it. it is at Croft's Hotel I think. I guess I'll stop.

H. Brown

[addressed to:

Mr E.H. Brown

404 St Antoine


78-008/2/12 #228

Sept 4th 1878

My Dear big brother,

Say Herb please tell me if that stamp will do to Sent down - when we get enough, Cec, Bish & I have got about 9 hundred but you ought to have seen Emily Haultain's wedding. She had it in the church & it was crowded. Tom Hay's handkerchief was hanging out of one of the back pockets of his coat & Aunt Dunlop asked if that was where he wore his favor. Aunt Hay is going to give me her bird, it is a little hen but I guess I will get a mate for it. Some of us are going down the river on Friday & the little church up the road a bit will be opened on Friday the Show will be here next week on Wednesday & Thursday. yesterday was fair day & the regatta & the wedding & tomorrow is the circus day. there is a man & woman going to be there & they are each 8 ft. 11 ½ in. high & together weigh half a ton & it takes 5 yds of stuff to make her a dress she must be pretty small dont you think Capt & Mrs Bates is their name. I dont know anything more to say so Good-bye I remain your loving Sister Helen

P.S. Please tell me in your next letter if that stamp will do give my love to everybody but dont keep any for yourself.

Bye Bye

Keep some Love for yourself

P.S. tell Lillie please to write to me for I've written to her but she wont write to me

78-008/2/12 #229

Novr 24th 1878

My Dear Herbert:

That was a splendid letter you wrote me, and you are a darling to write me such a long one. The other day Percy Ethel and I were going down to John Reids, and I had Burtons carriage with some things init, and the roads were fearfully muddy, and Ethels rubbers came off before she was half way down there, so she and Percy stayed at the side of the road and I went on with the carriage, & coming back one of my rubbers came off & we put Ethel in the carriage & went home. The roads are fearfully muddy. Its so hard to think of anything to say, because I have no mountains to tell you about. I go to write small & the first is, I am in great big ugly writing. Burton talks like the mischief now, the other day I did a sum at the blackboard at school & it is the first one I ever got right at it yet. Poor stupid me, isnt it a pity.

Say Herb you will write me a letter on my birthday wont you. My pulse beat 108 times in a minute. Please tell me some things to say. We had a chicken here & its neck looked as if it was broken but I guess it would be dead if it was dont you.

Percy wanted to make Cecil laugh, so he would throw something at him & say he was a funny old man. I guess I will stop now for I cant think of anything more to say. Good-bye.

I am your everlasting loving sister Helen Brown

P.S. Please forgive the writing and oblige yours truly. Aunt Bee sends her love. She is going to write to you soon. Bye Bye

E H Brown

186 McGill Montreal P.Q.

78-008/2/12 #230


Sept 8th 1878

Good day Herb

I think I will write to you this time. Mother Father Fan Helen Ethel and I and a lot of other people went down to Idyl Wild on Friday morning and came home the same night on the rode home the steamer ran up on a rock and wheel went into smash. It was the Arlington and we were on it too when we were going through Rice Lake we saw the people gathering rice. It will be pretty hard work making out this writing. We have school in the night now we are learning drawing & reading at present. I guess we will learn more after words. I got put into another class at Sunday school just today. Ethel sends a kiss to you. We have snow apples ripe here now. There was a circus here last thursday but none of us went to it. We saw the procession. There was a lot of cages open in the streets. There was one it had snakes boa constrictors and those sort of things and there was a man in with them. he was holding one in his hand and had another one over his shoulder. I dont know what else to say so good bye love to all but keep some for yourself. Dont let it all run away from you I remain your loving brother, Bishop PS. write to me next time Please. There is going to be a show here. Father is going to send some things and mother Helen Fan & Jess. Helen took first prize. Jess took none at all, Fan first and second. Father second for corn, first and second for grapes, second for parsnips, first for carrots, first for dahlias. Stewart only took two 2nds for grapes, his best were not ripe.

bye bye

Herbert Brown


78-008/2/12 #231

Dec 5th/78

My Dear Herb

I tried three pens & I cant get a decent one to write with so please excuse the writing. Cecil & I went up to Goodwood yesterday for Percy & Ethel. It is a lovely day. Burton burnt his hand on the stove the other day. Mother and Fannie are both better - Fannie is getting better very slowly. I got a nice pen of my own so I guess that I can write better dont you think so for I do. Dont I write a silly letter -

Cecil & Aunt Bee went to church on thanksgiving day. I was going at first but I did not. Afterwards Lillie said in her letter to Ethel that she was coming up at Xmas at least she would like to she said. I guess that I am going to Mrs James Reid next week to stay a few days. Mother is coming down stairs for tea tonight for the first time, she has been down for tea a long time. I am writing this on the 5th day of December but I do not know when it will go. Mrs James Reid is going to give Burton their blocks. There are about 200. I can do the German text letters but I cant do them very well. Cecil got some box wood to begin his sawing or fret-work or what ever you call it. Aunt Bee took Burton up to Goodwood with her the other day and they came back in the evening. We do not get any eggs at all now. The other day there was a big blue & white cat up in the loft of Mother's hen house and it jumped down among the hens & set them all cackling & I helped them to cackle. I must say goodby HE your loving sister Helen.

P.S. We have boss times in the snow now its pretty deep

P.S. There are 50 stamps in each package except maybe there are a few odd ones. BYEBYE

P.S. Its a fine day BYE BYe

P.S. You are a funny old woman Bye Bye

P.S. Cec. is reading the dog Crusoe bye bye

P.S. Sell all Cecil Scroll work or I will give you a ducking in the snow the next time I see you

H.B. There are exactly 1900 stamps

Herbert Brown Montreal P.Q.

78-008/2/12 #232

Hazelbank, 14 Nov '81

My dear Ellen,

I was very glad to receive your long letter of the 2nd & 3rd of this month that morning. As I mentioned in my last to dear Anna I have not received any letter from Peterborough since July, and I was beginning to be [ ] at the long silence. It does not happen that letters often go astray, but it is sometimes the case as your last and Anna's have never reached me. Thank you for the particulars you gave about poor Fanny's illness & death. It does seem mysterious to us why it pleased our Heavly Father who ordaineth all things both in heaven & earth, to take away the young & healthy, apparently before their time. But he doeth all things well, and it imparts a useful lesson to their contempories in age of the uncertainty of human life & the necessity therefore of being always ready whether the summons may come at midnight, or at the cock crowing, or in the morning. But there is another reason why the young should give themselves for them. His Service, and like that of the world and the devil, is perfect freedom. His ways, those in which His servants walk are ways of peace & [ ] of peace, and in the very keeping of His commandents there is great reward. There are many sorer afflictions come upon some, than the removal of a relative who has fallen asleep in Jesus. You say that you asked in your last for information about old connexions of the family, that letter never reached me. My last sentence is not correct, for looking over your letters I find one dated 9th Decr 1879, in which you asked some questions about the Stocks. My maternal grandmother was a Stock, a sister of the Bishop of Killala first, and then Waterford. She had but two children, my mother and my Uncle Sutton, who married Mary Noble, sister of Wm Nobel (aftewards Waller) of Allenstown. Only one of the Bishop's sons left a family. Rev Edwin Stock, a son who had a family, and a daughter (Jackson) who had a son. Yet another of the Bishop's sons had two sons - one died young - the other Joseph only died last year but left no family. The Bishop's daughters married Revd W Hy Palmer who left a family. Revd Jas, Burrowes who also left a family. Mr West leaving a son & daughter & William Hill who also left a son & daughters. One married Mr Jones of Kilnacarrick another revd Mr Melville & another to the Honble John Joselin, brother of the then Lord Roden. I need say nothing about the Rothwells, my Uncle Suttons only descendants, but two of the Allenstown young men James for his second wife, and Robert married daughters of Mrs Burrowes, & consequently granddaughter of the Bishop. There was another daughter of the Bishop besides my grandmother. She married Mr Norman - hence the connexion of the Normans. I cannot go into the history of the Beauforts, except that old Mrs B was a sister of old Aunt Bess Waller, sisters of old Wm Waller, Uncle Mun's Uncle. Mrs Beaufort was Mother of Harriet & Louisa &c. It must have been a great mistake of mine if I did not answer that letter before, and I hope you will forgive me as the post does not go until tomorrow I will now lay this by and unless prevented take another sheet tomorrow.

16th It was well that I wrote so far yesterday as I have been engaged all morning with the children as Miss Agnew was not very well this morning, and I partially supplied her place. We are all thanks to God well both here and at the Rectory. Georgie & Katie are occupied every day with their governess and little Lydia is the playmate of the house, 2 ½ years and a very good & pretty child. Robert [ ] & Cath Elizth, 1 ½, at the Rectory are very fine & healthy children. If we can manage it we will probably send Georgie to School next summer, but our joint means in this house are not large, and we are obliged to be very economical. I was very glad to hear about your brothers & their belongings. We have great accounts of Manitoba and the adjoining districts. I was glad to hear about Mr Stafford K. I sometimes hear this from my sisters about him. I think one of her two sons is engaged in some of the surveying in the N.W. district. I am sorry to hear that you had such an uncomfortable summer. Here we had a very variable weather and the month of August which is the harvest time in England was very showery so that much damage was done to the ripe wheat. Then the principal crop of oats which was saved tolerably well and a fine crop of potatoes has now been dug. But all the tenents are wild with unreasonable hope about the land bill. I must close now. I hope to write next time to Bessie Brown. I trust the blessings of God is with us all enabling us to serve Him in our generation as bought with the precious blood of His dear Son & supplied daily & hourly with the of the Holy Spirit. All unite in love to you & your household and to Anna, & Bessy and their respective belongings.

As ever your affectionate Uncle

Geo. Kirkpatrick

78-008/2/12 #233


April 5 19-

My dear Herbert

Your kindness sending the interesting paper [ ] the much trouble about Mr Bellingham makes me inclined to sit down for a chat reading so much about his life, & exploits reminds me of a part of his history unknown likely to any one now. - he came to Canada in 1825 by the wish of his uncle John Bellingham who was my fathers brother in law - being a younger son of Sir Alan All property & name & title, if any, goes to the elder son, father sent an invitation for this lad to come, if possible take land in the wild's of Douro - he got directions when, landed to push on to Cobourg - see fathers agent Mr Bethune who was asked to receive Sydney, & advise him on wards - reaching Rice Lake he crossed the Lake to Mr Rhubedges in an Indian Canoe - who also shewed him a track to follow - this was only made by workmen coming to work in our deep forest, cutting down & preparing our land - 9 miles from Auburn the lad stepped on - but thoughtlessly took a cow path - & on he went till he found himself lost, - tired & hungry night coming on, he lay down beside a log & fell asleep; waken by the tramp of some beast, - thus this enorsed him from all fatigue. - at day light, wisely he thought of the walk he had left - only a track, winding through great forest trees - he got on his way, - for, on the next day, & came to our expectation, he was an object of weariness - hunger & rags - his fine Irish out fit torn from the brambles he got into - food & rest soon restored him shewed my father what he was - a determined will to work, - & do for himself, at this time 15 years of age & he took up land - 200 acres; Joining our home stead - in time he soon found out this would never do - to work at the trees to be cut down a farm made, & be a lone - representing this to his friends in Ireland, an interest for him was made - he took a situation in Quebec - & from that became the prosperous man we read of - he was well educated - pleasing & kind, never forgot his Douro home & friends comein to see us & always during Mothers life time wrote regularly - married early brought his Bride to see Mother in 1836 - he invited father, Aunt Hay & myself to pay them a visit; he was then living in great St. James Street, Montreal one of the best houses, - he had a Carriage & horses - coachman and a butler, - style for us out of the woods!! - We spent a month with them - he was engaged in merchantylle - line in partnership with James Wallas late of Peterboro impoters of goods - their large warehouses I remember so well - now we trace him from 1824 to 1836 - no doubt his wife had means - & the desire to live in the style she had been accustomed to enable her to keep it up - at that time while with them he mad a proposal to me to come & live with them, as an adopted to be educated & enter the world of fashion, - under different circumstances I might, O but home was dear to me with all its hardships - my need was there - returning home, Mr Haycock was on the Steamer - father was so pleased with this English gentleman induced him to bring his family & settle near Peterboro - this was my introduction to the Haycock family, - events following - they came & settled a warm friendship began - At that time Ivan O'Beirne came from Ireland father met him as he landed in Montreal - knowing the family so intamately - as Dr OBeirn Christened me - here was another coming to douro; - Ivan went into Mr Kirkpatricks Law Office - and the final romance ended Uncle A C Dunlop had come in 1835 - his family known to father - so in time all things worked together, I am the wife of my dear old man now a charge to each other -

Yesterday I drove to take a farewell look at the most earnest Christian friend in his coffin - I will ever have, - General Haultain - and so ends Mr Bellingham whose awful Photo would shock any one - himself could he see it, he prided himself on good looks, & a manly look, - I drove five weeks since I was out till yesterday - a terribel scribble -

Uncle got the Star & said he would send it off - [ ] I will write on it & ask for the notice of the old friend - with out the hat - do not put away that patchbag I will in time make your wee wee girlie a better one, I sent it a sample to Mother - your loving old Auntie

E S Dunlop

[On a separate piece of paper:]

This will be a terrible undertaking for you - my leg ached, & I wrote - & fancy the occupation has done me good

78-008/2/13 #234

August 20th, 1889

Dear Mrs Dunlop - You will, I fear, have thought me very rude in not answering your nephew's letter ere this. But I must tell you what I have for the last month or six weeks been extremely busy - absent from home fourteen hours every day & not returning till a quarter to ten at night and then tired out.

Now, however, I am comparatively at leisure again, and shall undertake some business with, I hope, satisfaction to you & pleasure to myself.

If you will kindly send me the manuscript of your book I will undertake the whole business of publication following as closely as possible your wishes and letting you know full particulars as regards price, etc., etc. With your permission however I will first show the manuscript to one or two publishers here and ask them if they would like to undertake the risk of publication. They might do this hoping to make a profit out of it. In case I come across a firm willing to do this, will you tell me how many copies you will require for yourself - to give away I mean. If you required a good many, this might be a further inducement to the publishers. You would, of course, benefit by this course of action; for you would only have to pay for such books as you bought and there [I should bargain] at the wholesale rate at which five times that number would be printed. I should be glad, too, if you could send me a description of the kind of book you would like yours to be - I mean as regards paper, type, size, blinding, etc. If you should send me a book as a specimen, it would great facilitate my being able to understand exactly what you would like. Choose one out of Mr Dunlops' library; I will be careful to return it unharmed.

I hope both you and Mr Dunlop are in good health and have been able to enjoy the beautiful spring and summer we have this year had.

I myself hope to be in Peterborough in the last week of September, when I shall make a point of calling & telling you all that I shall have been able to achieve about the book between this date and that.

Believe me to be,

Dear Mrs. Dunlop

Yours sincerely

T. Arnold Haultain

78-008/2/13 #235

623 Manning Ave


August 25th 1889

Dear Mrs Dunlop, - I received your package all safe yesterday, & shall take it to a publisher, whom I know very well, tomorrow morning.

I have not had time to do more than glance at a few pages, but even the little I read made me wish the book could have been brought out by a great firm in a great market - Macmillan & Co. of London & New York, for example. However, I fear that would be a difficult matter to achieve & we must do that best we can in Canada.

If this publisher is unwilling to undertake the risk of publication, I shall go to one of the firms from which I got estimates last year & put the book in hand as soon as possible. There is no need for your presence in Toronto - at all events not yet. I will send you proof sheets to glance through - not to correct, that will be done here & I shall supervise that important matter carefully. The only thing I would rather you yourself determined upon is the style of binding, not a little depends upon this I think, but it is soley a matter or price. The paper, size, etc., will have to be chosen before the work of printing is begun for the plan always adopted is to print the book in batches of 8, 16 or 32 sheets; thus, they will set up in type as much as will fit, say 16 sheets; print 250 copies [for as many as are required] of these, & so on till the whole is folded, cut & bound. I will send you samples of paper, size, type, style of printing, etc. I am sorry to hear you have yourself been suffering. Have you been in Peterborough all summer? I shall be very glad to see the town again & am looking forward to my fortnight's holiday, for I have been, & still am, very hard at work.

With kindest regards to Mr Dunlop. Believe me to be yours sincerely

T. Arnold Haultain

78-008/2/13 #236

Sept. 10th 1889

My dear Mrs Dunlop - The publisher I spoke of I found was in New Brunswick on a holiday. However I applied to his company and was told they rarely publish books now. They offered, however, to print your M.S. I received this estimate on Saturday, but foolishly enough they calculated for an edition of 1000 copies. I saw them this morning about it, & they seem to think 75 or 100 copies a very small order & say it will cost proporionately more. Nevertheless promised me estimates for this number. I also consulted about the publication of your work with another friend of mine; but he declined at once to undertake so small a number. To that both these men from whom I expected low estimates have failed. I shall therefore go to one of the firms I consulted before, taking with me his previous estimate & the MSS. & asking for his final & definite decision. I will send you in a day or two a sample of the paper & type which I have been calculating upon, & you will be able to judge yourself. I have chosen large type to save the eyes of your readers. Please forgive haste. I have more to do by certain dates, examination papers, etc., etc.

Yours sincerely

Arnold Haultain

78-008/2/13 #237

Sept 11th 1889

T. Arnold Haultain, Esq.,

Public Library, City

Dear Sir,

For an addition of the work estimated on the other day or 75 copies: -

Composition, Presswork and Paper, Small Pica Type would cost $80.00

100 copies

Composition, Presswork and Paper, Small Pica Type would cost $85.00

Binding .16 cents per vol.

A small edition in solid long Primer or Brevier type could be got up at less than leaded small Pica, but would not present quite so pleasing an appearance.

Very Truly Yours

A.W. McLachan Secy

78-008/2/13 #238

September 26th 1889

My dear Mrs Dunlop, - I start for Peterborough tomorrow & hope to arrive on Monday or Tuesday, I am bringing estimates, sample of paper, etc., with me.

I shall call upon you with these as soon after my arrival as possible, & we can have a conversation and settle everything finally in regard to the book.

Believe me to be

Sincerely yours

T. Arnold Haultain

623 Manning Ave


78-008/2/13 #239

[partial transcription]


1st October

Dear Mrs Dunlop

I send you in black and white the results of the enquiries as to the probable expense of publishing the book you were kind enough to consult me about. You will be better able, I think, to compare the figures if they are written than if they were given by word of mouth.

I estimate the M.S. you gave me at one third or the whole book; if this fraction is wrong we shall have to add or subtract a small sum from the total. The figures throughout are rather above than below the probable cost. -

78-008/2/13 #240

625 Manning Avenue


14 October 1889

Dear Mrs Dunlop, - I take down and put into the printers hands this morning your MSS. I will ask about payment and also if the work can be completed by Xmas & will send you word. I send you a copy of the title page. Would it not be well to say "Life in the Forests of Canada etc.?" But these details you can settle in consultation with Mr Dunlop. I do now know whether you wish the "compiled and edited etc.", to be retained. If you will return to me the copy of the Title page with any alterations you think fit to make I shall be grateful. I don't think there will any necessity for your coming to Toronto. All that will have to be done will be read through the proof sheets, and these come in every two or three days and continue coming for weeks - till the book is printed. I will keep you acquainted with the progress made. In haste, Believe me to be yours sincerely

T. Arnold Haultain

78-008/2/13 #241

623 Manning Ave.


Oct 23rd 1889

Dear Mrs Dunlop - Please excuse a very hurried line in answer to your letter just this moment received - I am on the point of setting out for my office.

The title & preface will be printed last of all, so there is lots of time to choose. I have made the printers promise to let me have the whole edition ready by the first week in December. Forty six pages have already been printed & corrected, & I hope to send you the page proofs [for your revision] in a day or two. Make as few corrections as possible, please for they charge 40 cents an hour extra for these. I have taken the liberty of making a few verbal corrections, a very few. I am thinking of the severe English critics, you know.

You speak of it being a business transaction. I assure you, dear Mrs Dunlop, that it is a "labour of love" in two senses of the phrase: - first I delight in the little trouble for an old & kind friend of my mother & myself, & second I really like the work. I will tell you how you can repay me if you insist on it: - Add a sentence to your preface saying that "My friend Mr Arnold Haultain overworked these pages in their passage through the press", & I shall be amply satisfied.

Will you let me order an edition of 100 at least?

In haste, Yours sincerely T. Arnold Haultain

78-008/2/13 #242

Dear Mrs Dunlop, - Many thanks for your letter just received. I cannot find out from it, however, whether you have returned what are called the "galley" proofs - those in which the type has not been separated into pages. These I want as soon as possible, please. They are those in which the words "Hants" and "tabmit" occur. I should also like the manuscript returned. To save time (& give the printers no excuse to delay) would you kindly write in the margin of the proofs what the corrections should be and send them addressed as follows

Proofs from Mr. Haultain

Mr Moody

"Week" Office

5 Jordan Street


Forgive my writing thus hurriedly

We are getting on famously; more than 200 pages of your M.S. has been printed

My wife sends her love

Ever yours sincerely

T. Arnold Haultain

623 Manning Avenue



P.S. But perhaps you have returned these proofs, & they are detained in the Post Office here. In that case I shall get them tomorrow & need not have troubled you with this


78-008/2/13 #243

Please return all

623 Manning Ave Oct 25 1889


Dear Mrs Dunlop - I must content myself with a very brief answer to your kind letter of the 25th. Please forgive all evidence of haste.

You will see that I have after all retained the subtitle "Journals & Letters". Perhaps this had better be used throughout [on the right hand pages] until we come to the Appendix. I have also substituted "Our Forest Home". It lends greater interest to the book I think; & prepares the reader for the narration of domestic details. I believe they have printed off only 75 copies of the first section of 16 pages, so the edition must now be limited to that number. The printers are pushing on unprecedentedly rapidly: I received the first 16 pages this afternoon! I send them on at once to you & hope they will please you. [Do not return them.]

I spoke of notices & reviews for I am sure these will enable you to sell several copies, for the Canadian notices at all events will be, if not laudatory, at least such as will tempt buyers. But this is a matter for your consideration solely, &, after all, not an important one. We will, if you like, limit the complementary copies to the Week & the Mail.

I reserved your full name for the purpose of copyrighting. What would you like on the title page? It is not customary to say "By Mrs Dunlop", but even in this matter there is no rule, & even if there were I strongly believe in following not the multitude but one's own tastes & instincts. I should like also to know whether you would like letters & Journals of the late Frances Stewart, or of Mrs Stewart, or of Mrs. T. Stewart. I will add the sentences you kindly suggest to the preface.

You ask if I see any possibility of a sale. I think if it could be made known in Peterborough, Cobourg, Port Hope, Toronto, etc., it would sell. There are so many well known names - Beverly Robinson, Falkner, Boswell, Boulton, etc., etc., etc., etc., - & all these families ought to & would buy copies. But, this requires advertising, & advertising means money. Perhaps you had better keep to your original idea & limit the edition to your family & rely only on what the Week & the Mail and you & I can do by speaking of it.

I write in the midst of interruptions Yours sincerely

T. Arnold Haultain.

78-008/2/13 #244

Oct 25 1889

9:15 P.M.

Dear Mrs Dunlop - The printer tells me he wishes to hurry on, & as this is an excellent sign, and as also I wish to give him no excuse for delay, I shall risk making all corrections myself. I have chosen "Our Forest Home" as the [short - crossed out] title, the rest can be added afterwards, & I am having no sub title for parts I & II. I expect the first 16 pages of the book to be printed off & ready on Monday.

In haste yours sincerely

T. Arnold Haultain

P.S. Please telegraph if you wish me to act in any other manner.


78-008/2/13 #245

623 Manning Avenue


October 25th 1889

My dear Mrs Dunlop - I want to know what the difference is between Part I & Part II. Ought not each part to have a sub-title of its own? As I do not know in what principle you have divided the book into two parts I cannot supply these sub-titles. But perhaps they are not needed.

Yes, I will see that the book is copyrighted in your name. By the way, will you please tell me your full name. I think "A Forest Home: Experiences of Emigrant Life in the Wilds of Canada. From the Letters and Journals of the Late Frances Stewart. Compiled and edited by her daughter, E.S. Dunlop," would be the best title. The phrase "a forest home" is very pretty and significant, and the whole book breathes an atmosphere of home - & of the forest too, we may say. Also it is a nice short title for the outside & back - "A Forest Home". Again, it will save expense to have only eleven letters to print outside in red - worth thinking of.

When I send you the "page proof" I will send your M.S. with them, but this you need not return to me, only the proof sheets, &, if possible, I should like these back by return post, for they will be printed off at once. At the same time let me know finally what number of copies you decided upon.

I can procure for you notices of the book - both before and after publication - in the Empire, Globe Mail, World, & Week, I think, without much trouble; but this means that each of these papers much be presented with a copy. Do you feel inclined to be so liberal, or shall I mention it just one or two papers - say the Week & the Mail?

Yours sincerely

T. Arnold Haultain

78-008/2/13 #246

November 25th 1889

Dear Mrs Dunlop - Your book is approaching completion. I read the proof of the Preface this evening, and the Appendices have already been sent to you for correction. I enclose a form of application for copy-right you have merely to sign your name before two witnesses, who also sign their names, and fill up the dates. This application must be accompanied by $1.50 [a dollar & a half] and you must also send with it two copies of your book. These are the only formalities necessary.

I shall send down [to - crossed out] the books by frieght to you as soon as they are ready. Please count them as soon as you open the package and see that there are 75 copies. If not, please advise me at once.

I hope and trust that very few errors have crept in. Had I thought of it earlier it might have been advantageous to have asked Louis Stewart to glance at the proofs; for he, of course, would have been familiar with the family names, etc. However, in so small an edition, any glaring mistakes you could correct by hand before dispatching. Shall I call you E.L. Dunlop in the title page? The usual rule is, I believe, to use the initials of the woman's own xtian names unless we write Mrs., then the initials of her husband's xtian names are used. Thus, my wife is either "A.M. Haultain" or Amy Mrs. T.A. Haultain Arnold my initials

Yours sincerely

T. Arnold Haultain

623 Manning Avenue


78-008/2/13 #247

December 3rd 1889

Dear Mrs Dunlop, Thank you for your letter of the 29th of November enclosing a bountiful supply of stamps. It was very kind of you to think of sending these, & I accept them gratefully, for my postage costs me no little sum yearly.

The book is printed. The only thing to be done now is the binding. They told me this would take a week, but I advised that there should be as little delay as possible. Your corrections were in time, but I am sorry to say that your name is spelled "Susannah" in the copyright announcement.

I have left out the name of the book in the application for the copyright, which I sent you, but you can fill this in when the books arrive. Do not send off this application till the books reach you, for you have to send two copies with the application for copyright. I gave your address to Mr. Moody & told him to send the books to you by freight. The bill I have ordered to be sent to me; I shall look over it carefully before despatching it to you.

You ask about a second edition. The carges would be just the same, for it would have to be printed all over again just as at first. Each batch of sixteen pages, after they are printed, are "distributed", as it is called, at once, - that is the type is all taken apart again.

The only cases in which the pages are stereotyped but of course this adds considerably to the cost of the first edition.

I write in haste at my office desk.

Believe me to be

Yours very sincerely

T. Arnold Haultain.

78-008/2/13 #248 [see #239 for estimates]

Toronto Decr 9th 1889-

Dear Madam,

We hope to have the 75 copies of "Our Forest Home" ready on Saturday next, which we are instructed by Mr Haultain to send per freight train, addressed to you at Peterboro'. With the books I will enclose proofs & Original MS.

Yrs Obdtly

H. MoodyEstimate

For a Demy 8vo, full cloth, plain edges

Printing and Binding (including paper)

75 copies $80.00

250 copes $105.00

Circulars (500) 3.00

Envelopes .50

Postage (of circulars) 2.50

Freight .50

Postage (of Books) say 5.00

$95.00 ["$95.00" crossed out]


In addition to this I have the following estimates: - Messrs. Brough & Carswell will print (not bind) including paper

60 copies for $55.00

250 copies for $62.00

Messrs. Murray& Co will Bind

60 copies for $12.00

250 copies for 45.00

A gold title (stamped) would cost 2 cents per book extra

Yours sincerely,

Arnold Haultain

78-008/2/13 #249

623 Manning Ave.


December 17th 1889

My dear Mrs Dunlop, -

Your kind letter reached me late last night on my return from the office. I was more pleased than I shall take the time to express at finding that you were satisfied with the books. My only regret is that you did not have 250 copies. However, since you will sell every copy you need not lose anything on your venture, & for this too I am thankful. - I have just telephoned to the Presbyterian Printing & Publishing Co. to send me the bill at once. I will send it on as soon as I have looked over it. Do not, please, deprive yourself of a single copy for me: you have few enough as it is only 74, for 2 must go to Ottawa. You must remember, Please be sure that Copyright is obtained. Do you require another application form?

I think by the "proof sheets" you mean the Manuscript, do you not? I will enquire into the reason of this not being sent to you. I was told it was going with the books. The "proof sheets" [those long printed slips] I have. Do you require them? I have kept everything in connection with the book.

I cannot imagine what Miss Wighton referred to, unless something to do with a catalogue of the Library which I had a share in that is all I can think of.

I hope your fall was not serious. It was my first news of it that you gave me. I write in great haste

Yours very sincerely

Arnold Haultain

P.S. I have in my possession the little drawing wh. accompanied the M.S. this I will send with the bill


78-008/2/13 #250

December 20th 1889

Dear Mrs Dunlop - I thank you very much for the copy of "Our Forest Home" which you were kind enough to send me. I must confess to a certain pleasure in the possession of a book which I helped [even quite insignificantly] to bring to birth, and it will long remind me of a warm friend of my mother's & my own.

I have just discovered that there is a possibility of there being a few unbound sheets left over. I shall make inquiries tomorrow morning & ask the price of putting together & bringing a few more copies - if, that is, my surmises as to extra sheets turn out correct.

I think I made a mistake in saying I had the drawing. I returned it to the Printers. Did you receive it with the rest of the M S?

I hope you have quite recovered from your fall. Please remember me to Mr Dunlop & Miss Dunlop.

Believe me to be

Very sincerely yours

T. Arnold Haultain

78-008/2/13 #251

My dear Mrs Dunlop -

Mr Moody told me today that he had eight (8) more copies of your book which you could have at 75 cents a copy. I was so sure you would take them that I said he might go on with the work of binding at once. Will you send me a post card, please, saying whether I have done right.

Thank you for the Christmas card you sent us. It is too late to wish you and Mr Dunlop the compliments of the season, but I hope all pleasant things for you.

Believe me to be

Yours sincerely

T. Arnold Haultain

623 Manning Avenue


78-008/2/13 #252

[Letterhead from the Presbyterian Printing & Publishing Co., Ltd]

Jan.20 1890

Dear Madam,

Yours to hand respecting the extra copies of "Our Forest Home". The bookbinder has promised to complete them either tomorrow or the next day (Wednesday) at latest - I am sorry that there are but eight copies left to complete. I will have them made into a parcel & sent to you per Express.

You may expect them to reach you on Thursday

Yours Obdtly

H. Moody

78-008/2/13 #253

[post card; no transcription]

78-008/2/14 #254

My dearest Fan

I finished the 2d Chapter of my travels at my arrival at Aix la Chapelle I believe - & now I must complete them in this - & indeed it is a shame that in a whole years time I have not continued to share with you the pleasure I enjoyed & give you at least the one small part of all I saw, that can be contained in a letter - In general I have so many things to say of present affairs that it makes me put off too long the parts wh might amuse you.

On Saturday night you know we arrives at Aix - very weary of our tedious journey - I was not well & feverish & could not sleep - however I was able to go about all next day seeing a great deal of course. I think our first business - was that we went to mass in the fine old Cathedral - part of which was built in the time of Charlemagne - it is handsome - but not as beautiful in my mind as many others that I saw - The Choir is very high & has 5 windows I think - from the top to near the bottom - the length of wh surprises one - The later part of the Church is a galery in separately arched divisions or closets - the walls & the ceiling of each covered with paintings - none very good - There are various things shewed wh were Charlmagne's particularly the chair of state in wh he was crowned - But they do not shew this during service - and unluckily we did not get back to it before the next service began- so we had not the pleasure of seeing our great ancestor's chair - But we saw his tomb which is in the floor of the Circular part immediately before entering the Choir.

Imagine that large grey flag with a narrow border round & only those words - The grandeur & simplicity of which is suitable to so great a Sovereign - It is said that when Napoleon saw that he stood for several minutes looking at it - but never stood on or passed over it - & was quite provoked with his officers for doing so. The city of Aix la Chapelle is very ancient & I felt the more interested in it because the Wallers had lived in it so long - it is a dirty town - & has all sorts of bad smells - the spa has a horrid one & there are several of them which cause the whole air to smell - besides all kinds of dist[ ]

We dined at the grand public garden where is a walk & drive from that extending a good way - Every body was but that fine evening driving in open carriages round & round or up & down - I dont now which. All the German ladies without cap or bonnet - Their hair very nicely dressed in knots. We went on thru to the new Spa at Mt St Louis & walked up a steep hill to see the view - on our way home we went into the old church of St Nicholas which was all lighted up - & evening service going on - Louisa was anxious to hear the music - but the crowd & heat were intolerable & at last Frs made us come away - we got home to late coffee. Francis went out to get his Passport which he had sent to be vised - & met Col. Wildman who had just arrived but to a different hotel - So he came in to see us - & then it was arranged that we should all set out next morning for Liege or Liecht as it is called in its own country - We walked about first however & tried again to see Carlo's Chair - but service was again going on! - It was market day - & the grande place was stuffed full of people & reminded me of an Irish market such numbers of women were there in red & blue cloaks - & particularly with handkerchiefs over their heads - of white or generally crimson or blue. That city is at present in the King of Prussia's territorries.

We departed about half past eleven - with 3 horses to our carriage which held us all - The country is very pretty fome miles & then becomes rather uninteresting - but different from Germany in regard to several things - fences of some kind either ditch or hedge along the road sides - & more appearance sometimes of division into fields - & frequently hedge rows of trees. On quitting the Prussian territory there is a Douaniere or custom house where every traveller is stopped & their goods opened & dragged about - Some acquaintances of ours - Admiral Douglas & his family who had set out 2 hours earlier we found there with all their books about - They had been weighing them - & idea of having all [ ] of luggage taken down - & opened on the road was tremendous - Fortunately Francis contrived to make a half Frederick D'or look so pleasing to the officer that he contented himself with looking into the top of our Portmanteau & Col Wildman being as lucky we got off with Less delay - our two carriages kept together - & we all dined at a very shabby little Inn like a carmans Inn at a village whose name I forgot - The horses go so slowly & stupidly that we did not arrive at Liege till past nine - & then there was a great fuss about beds &c. for some time we could not find Louisa's bag - in wh was dressing box & many precious things - You may imagine our distress - She was sure it had dropped off the carriage in the dust. However just as I going to lend her night things - & as Frs was writing back to Aix about it - the bag was discovered in his room where it had been taken in mistake tho' all the rest of the luggage was left in our Salon - This caused a great rout as you may suppose - The Hotel was that of which I sent you a sort of view - built round 3 sides of a large square yard so from my window I saw what people in the opposite side were doing - All the windows wherever we were french opening down the middle like doors. Our sitting room was on the ground floor looking into the grand place - groups of people scattered about & many stopping at the windows to speak or offer their goods to us - we staid all next day - Tuesday 22d at Liege saw 2 fine Churches - pictures - Citadel - Jesuits college, its museum & Botanic garden wh was very nice one - & several pretty plants - We saw borring & casting of Cannon & finishing of them - We drove about all day - & had very late dinner. The Wildmans & we dined together in our salon - & all the evening having them with us was rather a bother as it prevented our reading or writing - however we all went early to bed - & next morning were assembled by six to take coffee - & then we set forward for Namur - The road lies the whole way along the Meuse - on its right bank as far as the fortress of Huy - a beautiful spot where there is a small town. We dined at 12 o'clock there very hungry for we had taken very little breakfast - The sketches made some views of Huy - & then we continued our journey & arrived in the city of Namur about 4 ½ - The road from Huy going on the left side of the river - There cannot be a more lovely drive than it is the whole way - such lovely rocks & trees some times in charming groups - at others fringing the rocks & hanging picturesquely out of the fissures - sometimes rich fields & farms & gardens. At Huy we saw a diligence with 6 nuns in it who were travelling to a watering place for their own amusement - nuns not being kept so strictly now as they used to be - This journey was altogether a most delightful one - but the happiness of the day was clouded to me by a fright I had - Frs has a horrid trick of getting out & in of a carriage while it is going on - he did so that day two or three times - & I did not like to tease him by remonstrances but at last - in trying to spring up he slipped & fell & I was sure the wheel had gone over him - & the horror of such an idea - & of the recollection of poor Mr Knox both whose legs, you know were broken that way - so overwhelmed me that when after I found he was quite safe & that I saw him in the carriage with us I felt the effects the whole day & was unwell & miserable though heartily grateful to Providence - but I was very foolish - beside we walked about a little & looked at the fortifications & saw very little of the town for it grew dark so soon that we had not time - Oh but I forgot to tell you that as we approached Namur that day we had a beautiful view of the city with the bright evening sun shining on it - as it seemed to terminate the beautiful valley of the Meuse - When we went in we had tea & coffee Cakes & eggs (for some) & were all starving - & then we went to bed - it was a bad hotel I think - & nasty rooms & quite close to us an exceedingly loud deep town bell which tolled half the night & very much disturbed Louisa & me - However we all assembled before 6 in the parlour & had Coffee & rolls - being wiser this time than we were the day before - Namur is famous for its Cutlery & several boxes of scissors & such things were brought to us in the evening - but I bought none & was not much tempted - The road from Namur to Brussels by Waterloo is very ugly large open cornfields & high ditch banks - & flat distance - at last we saw at a distance of several miles a Pyramid - This I shall describe hereafter - & then we came to Quatre bras & got out & walked about. Col. Wildman shewing us where different detachments were stationed & all the spots near Quartre bras which you will see named in the accounts of the battle - We spent a long time there - & then mounted our vehicles again & went on to Genappe where we dined about two I believe or near three - & walked about & saw the place where the British Troops made the great charge and drove the French before them - & then we got into the carriages again & drove to the field of Waterloo - a few miles further on - & there Col. Wildman went over all the battle - & shewed us where the armies were stationed and where the Duke of Wellington sat with his watch in his hand for two or three hours watching for Bluchers arrival - He never saw him show anxiety at any time but then - but he was then agitated & very much alarmed about the fate of the battle - he looked every few minutes at his watch saying "Blucher promised to come at eleven!" - It was near three I believe when he did arrive & turned the fortune of the day. Col. W. was at that time aid de camp to Ld Anglesey & rode back & forward continually with orders - he was wounded in the heel - but continued still the whole day long doing his duty - We walked about the Chateau de Hongemont & saw the cottage where Napoleon slept - and saw the Pyramid - which is an artificial mound raised to the memory of the victory & in particular of the Prince of Orange & his prowess & his wounds - on the top of it is a very high stone pedestal & on that is placed a bronze Lion - There are in different parts of the field of Waterloo, oblisks & pillars erected to the memory of officers slain in that destructive battle. We were so long walking about & viewing all the places so interesting to all of us - & to Col. W. particularly - after 20 years having passed away - that we forgot how time was passing & that we still had 18 miles to Brussels - & behold a tremendous shower & lightning in sheets such as I never saw before came on - & the sun set & while we sheltered in the guides cottage the carriages were sent for from the road where they had stopped - & then after holding a council on the subject - it was agreed that instead of going on to Brussels we should only go onto the village of Waterloo 3 miles off - as we drove along, the side of the road & houses were covered with successive sheets of lightning & the rain was in torrents. The Inn was very bad in every way except that we had good coffee - Mrs W. - her sister ["her sister" crossed out] & maid were put into one room, Louisa & her 3 nieces in another - by her own arrangement - for she would not let me stir - I was so indifferent & she insisted on my having a room or closet within Mrs W's to myself. The Col & the Capt slept on the tables below with mattress & cloaks - & now having settled all in their beds - I will go to mine for it is 12 oclock. Well here is a calm morning & I will go on as fast as I can notwithstanding poor Louisa's too great generosity & kindness in putting me into that single room I could not sleep - & got up the moment it was light - & guessing it wd be much the same with Frs I dressed quickly - & watched at the window - & very soon just as I expected I saw him come out - It was a lovely morning after all the rain - & stealing through Mrs W.'s room I was soon with him in the street - we took a delightful walk through part of the wood of Soigny which extends for miles from thence in the Brussels direction - it is chiefly oak Y Beech & Chestnut I think - now & then some fine trees - but many drawn up very high & thin - They have cut out a great deal - & make quantities of Charcoal there - we saw great heaps of it - being made - the wood chopped into good sized pieces piled in heaps & covered over with ashes & earth - a great cap of it - & then set fire to within - gradually it becomes charred - quite through - without being burned - & when completely charred makes a very hot fire & no flames - it is used in various manufactories. We go to the hotel at nine just as people were ready for a bad breakfast - Mrs W. & her sister were sick & staid in bed after breakfast we went into the Church - the walls of wh are really covered with monuments to officers killed in the battle - of English Dutch & Prussian - and then went to the house where Col W. had lodged - the old lady was ready to kiss him so delighted was she to see him - & made numerous enquiries about his brother who had been shockingly wounded - Ld Anglesey - both had lodged with her - in her garden we saw on the wall of her house close to the ground where was a little grassy bank an inscription - to tell that Ld Angleseys leg lost on such a day in battle was buried there. We then set off - all but the two sick in bed - in our carriage to visit the field of Waterloo - & went up to the top of the mound from which we could see to a great distance all round - We returned then & when all was ready & that we had a little luncheon of bad cakes - we set forward about 2 for Brussels - much of the road through the wood - deep ditches on each side - & very glad we were that we had not gone the night before - Brussels rather I think disappointed us - I expected a finer city - like many other foreign ones - is surrounded with Boulevards - a drive & walks at each side with rows of trees between each which beautifies a city very much - besides adding to the pleasures of the inhabitants. The grand square or Place is handsome - & there are 4 large hotels in it in which we found it difficult to get rooms - the town just then was so full - The Ws went to the Hotel de Regence - We got a lodging near the Bellevue Hotel - & went to the table d'hote there every day at 5 which was more convenient than one at that season when we wished to have as much daylight as we could.

I saw at that table - where 70 people dined - for there was one table down the whole length of the room & another placed diagonally - I saw Dr Thorpe who proved to be Mr Mathias assistant - & his two daughters & his new wife Lady Pomfret who wd not even wait till her year of widowhood was out to marry him - though her father did all in his power to persuade her - The consequence was that the Pomfret family did not think a woman acting so foolishly could be a proper Guardian or Instructor of her children - so they were taken from her & the fine allowance she would have had - & the Dr had not all the fine income wh the world gave him credit for expecting. We got to Brussels at the close of the five days of rejoicing about all wh you have seen in the Newspapers - There was a fine curious velvet seat & Canopy erected in the Park for the King - wh unfortunately I did not see by mistake - but it was no great thing - The Park - wh does not deserve the name, is pretty - but is in fact only a aquare wood with walks made up the middle - There are many of them were wounded at the time of the Bombbardment - & the marks of the cannon balls are there with cement put in to preserve from the weather. We spent a long time at a sort of exhibition of the arts & manufacture there - for the benefit of the artillery many of whom were distressed - the whole country is in great poverty - or was then Sunday was a day of perpetual rain - but we went to Church- an English one - The first time since we left Engd - that we had heard our service - except what we read ourselves. - We dined with the Wildmans & Louisa's cold caught at Waterloo grew so bad that she was obliged to lie in bed all Monday - I was much afraid she was getting one of those fevers she had been so subject to of late years - & so was Frs - so we were gloomy all day - & the weather was showery- & we all felt uncomfortable - next day however she was much better & did so much that I wonder she was not quite laid up

Early Tuesday morning Frs & I took a long walk thro' a great part of the town - along the Boulevards - & to the Botanic garden - but we only peeped into it then - & returned by nine to breakfast - after which the Girls & I went first with the Douglas party to see the Palace of the Prince of Orange which had been built for him by the people of the dominions of the King of Holland - The walls done with figured silk in some & cut velvet - & a few very fine pictures - and floors so beautifully inlaid & polished - that no one is allowed to walk across them - only 12 people admitted at once - because there are only 12 prs of slippers - each person is obliged to put them on, & as many are much too large for every one - one goes about shuffling along in a strange way- Mine were 3 times too large - We were only allowed to walk on the border of the floor and once or twice that I stepped off it to look at a picture the man who shewed it was very angry - He hurried us on from one to the other so very uncomfortably - When we returned from that - Frs met us at home with a nice carriage in which Louisa & all of us went to the Botanic garden - & then to a famous Church St Gudules - very old - & handsome - & famous for the carving of the pulpit in oak - Then to the Hotel de Ville a large square of building - used for all the transactions of Government - crowning of Kings &c. - & in it were pictures of Charles 5th & Philip 2d of Spain & the famous duke of Alva &c. very interesting to those who read the history of those times - We all dined early 4 I think at Col. Wildmans - & then went to the French opers - pretty well - all that for a lady who had been in bed the day before - I must finish another time [ ]

78-008/2/14 #255

[partial transcript; original more complete]

[Frances Brown Stewart to Mary I. Wilson]

[ ] my paper - & sometimes I am obliged to take another piece of paper - When you write pray dear - like a good little friend tell me all you know of that precious & beautiful Saint Mrs Morrison if still living - it is a long time since her nephews have heard from her - the Letters of even those dear old Aunts are prized above Gold - & looked for as treasures they are beautiful specimens indeed of Christian piety & humble submission - it is quite a high priviledge to have such relations & correspondents - The Browns only regret deeply that their own circumstances do not allow them to send more assistance to these dear afflicted relations - By steady and most unflinching industry these dear young men are becoming independent - they keep themselves above want - and out of debt - James is working hard & living very steadily & has a most valuable wife - he has a farm about half a mile from Edward - Edward works as hard as any man can - for you know none of them has anything but their own industry to depend on - they both have good farm - Edward's is his own - James rents his - but wishes to purchase it if he can - Templeton has a farm just between Edward's & James's - but he lives at present in Peterboro - as his farm is not yet under cultivation nor is his house built yet - he & Eliza are longing to get there - but must wait patiently a year or two longer - Robert has a good piece of land of 157 acres - joining Edward's on the other side - but there is no house there yet - & he is not quite ready to begin for himself as he wants to assist Templeton first - they are all so united & attached to each other, they set a good example to all brothers - This has been a wonderfully wet season - the crops did look beautiful but fears are now arising about so much [ ]

78-008/2/14 #256

My dear Fanny

Sometime ago I promised to write when I should be in the idleness of Harrowgate to you - And so I fully intended - but some way that idleness extends itself to all ones ways of going on, and besides this vile idling it seemed to me that my letter would not go rightly for the ugly conceited squinting Post Master seemed to be quite ignorant of Canada, of mails thither etc., etc. - so thinks I to myself I will wait until I am at Scarborough & then I can tell her of her old friend Francis and so I waited, as was you know but natural & went on waiting till this very last day of our stay here when shame made me not delay until I had returned to Dublin. I spent within two days of seven weeks at Harrowgate in a wee lodging living as economically as I possibly could and besides guzzling waters, walked a deal & read a deal of trash just to divert myself & pass the evening time, which sometimes seemed long & lonely - how ever I had some very kind friends, first Mrs & Miss Hamilton so of them, Mother and sisters of the Mrs H. with whom I travelled to Harrowgate - they were pleasing people & very kind to me, I dined with them and drank tea with them several times - But the family I saw most of were Mr Mrs & Miss Britaine, who spent six weeks at Harrowgate & happily did not lodge very far from me - Mrs B is you know author of a number of little stories characteristic of Irish manners, & much truer than most of that race are, being quite free from exageration - he is remarkably agreeable man, & so candid & mild in all his sentiments & so lenient in his judgement of others - I often drank tea with them and Mrs B. used to come & sit & talk with me in a morning - both he and Mrs B. were in bad health, but found Harrowgate of use to them - their daughter is very amiable & pleasing in Manner and conversation, but so tall that she is quite ashamed of herself & drops into a chair the first moment she can get near one - her manners are remarkably gentle and quite unaffected - Miss Mason Mrs Bs sister was with them for a part of the time, she is very lively and excellent Creature who has done a great deal for her country, for she is the Secretary of the Irish Ladies Society and unwearied in her exertions for it - and it is wonderful how much good that Society has done & is doing, indeed I think it is the means by which Ireland will be both civilized and brought into the pale of the English church - in all these troublous times none of the converts have fallen off, or been found mixed up with politics, but in spite of the demagogues and the priests have continued quite Steady - and are rapidly increasing in numbers.

While at Harrowgate I did not go any parties or go to any expense & could not help but lived as quiet as possible that I might be secure of having enough for all my travels - On which I proceeded the last day of September, leaving Harrowgate in the York coach at 8 O'Clock & arriving here at 5 the same day 62 miles - All the way was rich and highly cultivated and well wooded, for 20 miles from York a dead flat of wood & tillage from that on much varied in high ridges of hill & lovely wild copsy valleys between - About Scarborough there is but little wood, but yet it is very pretty, the cliffs are pretty high but all clay of a very tough tenacious kind, so that they only please a distant eye, the near eye sees the paltry clay - below the cliffs there is a very fine sand on which when the tide is out all manner of riding & walking parties go up & down - The tide when coming in breaks in very grand surf upon this level sand, and when the wind is high rolls in, with magnificient waves in wich no boat can live - Since I came there was one storm quite a hurricane, when the whole bay was boiling & streaked with long ridges of foam - there was great anxiety for the Blazer one of Francis's surveying steamers, which had sailed shortly before the storm arose & there were fears she would have to keep out in the German Ocean in order to avoid this dangerous shore, & Capt Washington had his wife & four children aboard, who he was carrying home to Harwich from this - When first I came I was to be shewn many things but procrastination a thief who steals all other things as well as time, put off the sight shewing & then the weather broke - and so - And so, we leave this tomorrow and are to go a round about road of two days to York and from that Francis & his crew sail for my own small nest, where I shall please God arrive safely, though the wind now roaring in the chimney makes me tremble to hear it - Some days much be spent in Hatch Street to have my duds washed, to leave the summer goods & take winter, & to furbish up my ancient things - besides the poor little garden must have its winter quarters, so while there I shall not eat bread of Idleness - Francis you will be glad to hear is very well & on the whole looking very well though years tell upon him a good deal as to his looks - he is cheerful spirits and seems happy, but the gaiety which he formerly was remarkable for, had quite faded away - Honora is very well & strong & seems to enjoy herself very much and to make them all very happy - she is as thin as ever but looks very much stronger & is so, being able for much more exertion than she could formerly have - Of the young people, only Augustus and Emily were here -she is much better from both bathing & riding on horseback, and breathing the bright bracing air of this open place -the great danger is that when the excitement of this mode of life is over, she will greatly feel the want of it and will sink in consequence & become nervous and ill - Rosa remained at Oxford with poor Sophy, who is however much better, & as yet is going on safely in her manufacture. The Palmers are to bring Rosa home soon after their Fathers return and are themselves to stay in town for the winter, which will help to cheer them up - John Beaufort spent a week here after I came and I was rejoiced at having some of his society - he is a very handsome fine young man much taller than you would naturally imagine any Beaufort could be - he goes on very steadily & is much trusted in all delicate affairs of his people. I tell you nothing because I am sure Harriet tells you all about them -

I hope you have received all the Dublin Mails which I lately sent you - if you have, you have seen how the Agitation has been put to open shame & obliged to cry pecavi - if Government has now courage & will to exert the law, we may hope that at last the country will be quiet in a good degree even during O'Connels life & should he happily die or be hanged, we should be probably in perfect peace - even in the midst of all the disturbances, the country has made great progress & were the people let to follow their own industry & improve their farms & houses, the whole country would soon assume another appearance - Now my dear have I not given you a full history of myself and my doings - to go & do likewise - I rejoice to hear from Harriet that you have found your new home so comfortable during the winter & only hope it may continue so in all seasons - give my love to Anna Maria, Ellen etc., etc., and ever continue to love yr affectionate Louisa Beaufort

78-008/2/14 #257

July 3

Your [N.Y.] letter of Ap. 25 - is the latest I have had from you - but I know you were well in May as I heard from Allentown of your letter to Mrs Waller - & your pleasant account of the little boys - dear Fanny if I could but have gone with Mrs Woodward how nice it would have been! - but I begin to despair of ever getting there - I have done nothing in regard of Mrs Flood whose melancholy history of ill treatment you give me - as at the end you say it is better for you to write yourself to your Aunt - she has returned to town but I have heard nothing of her since - not being able to get so far as to the Smyths to enquire about her, tell me if you wish me, dear, to do anything

I am vexed we have no news yet for you of poor dear Kate - God grant it may be good when it does come - How nicely you have managed about Colours to the Regiment just like things at home! - Tell me if directing my letter to Tom makes any difference in the charging or going free. You may continue to direct to this house till I tell you - for as long as I am unsettled it is the best place


What a curious dream that was - Yes be on your guard for the dear Young creatures -

I suppose your next will mention the safe return of poor Mr Rubidge - pray give him my kindest regards - I sent you a small packet by Mrs Orde - I have not paid yet for all your things so cannot send your account yet but I will enclose a copy of list which I put in the top of the box wh I consigned as last year to Mr Dunlop. Next packet shall tell you all - I am sorry to say that this year no one but Maria Noble sent me any money to lay out for you so that I could not do all I liked - and I was obliged to be contended with sending Green vails - next year I hope to do something better I am losing the Hatstack & that the Hill is idle - that is bad -

As soon as I seal this I shall remember things to tell you but I cannot delay longer now - you & the dear children may trace in the map coming back from Oxford by the Uxbridge road - coming in by Bays Water -

God bless you my dearest love - Ever Ever you know I am the same to you in my old heart which is still warm though I am old & miserable looking. May Heaven perserve your health dearest Fanny & give you all health happiness & content - & peace Ever your Moonie

11 oc a.m. July 3

78-008/2/14 #258

[ ] Canada Education Society formed July 1825 D of Suffolk in the Chair. D of Bedford president, Bp of Salisbury & many Noblemen & Gentlemen vice-Presidents - The object is, to form a Society for promoting Education & Industry in Canada, to train Teachers, & establish schools among the Indians, & Settlers in such parts as are destitute of the means of Instruction. The principle appears from the following regulations "In every school which may receive assistance from us, reading the Scriptures, & some useful, manual labour shall constitute parts of the daily exercises of the pupils: all shall be required to be strict in their moral conduct, & duly observe the Sabbath, attending at such places of Worship as their Parents shall direct. Should this, from distance be impracticable, then on each Lord's Day they shall read & recite those portions of Scripture which are calculated to enforce all relative & social duties of the present life, & point the way to a happy Eternity!! Lord Besley addressed them at the first meeting & said that within 12 years the population of Upper Canada has been doubled, making a total amount of nearly one million souls in the two provinces, & if we include the numerous tribes of Indians extending Westward, it would greatly exceed this number.

In New Zealand they have a Church Missionary Society & Monthly meetings for prayer. The children in the Schools are very quick in learning the behaviour of the Natives surprisingly altered & the desire for instruction become more general, & they are willing to discourse on Religious subjects. A schooner has been built there, for the use of the missionaries, & its launch was attended by thousands of natives, who brought potatoes, pigs, etc etc, to give them victual the Ship. She sailed to port Jackson on a mission & returned safe, to the great joy of the New Zealanders.

South America - in Lima they sell the scriptures & at Truxville they are both sold & lent. Guayaquil an advertisement was put up that a sale of Testaments would last 3 days. Crowds came & they sold 615 for which they received 542 dollars - Guaranda situated on the Andes, population about 14,000. The Governor was pleased at the acct The Missionary Thompson gave of the views of the Bible Society, & allowed Notices to be stuck up of a Sale, few understood Spanish, & they only sold 13, but went on over the mountains to Rio bamba & gave a letter of recommendation to the Governor who bought six for himself, & he sold 36 to others, & the prior of the Convent took 50 to distribute!! On the road to Quito is the Convent of Jacunga. He meant to go further, but was prevailed onto stay. With great fear, & praying all the time in his mind, he offered a Testamt to the Prior. He was much pleased with it, & offered to have a sale of them in the Convent, & in 2 hours they sold 104 copies, they also got tracts called a Brief view of the Bible Society. Bible or Testt were ordered to be sent to them, & they promised to forward their views, & sales!! In Quito 134 copies were sold directly, & more asked for. When a new box arrived, every Friar in the Convent of St Frans bought one, & 80 by the Government, & 200 Bibles, & 200 more Testts were ordered. Quito has 50,000 inhabitants. A Columbian Bible Society is now formed, & the Subscriptions in 1825 were 1380 Dolrs.

[ ] names Harbridge Revd David T Jones arrived in 1823 Revd W Cockran 1825, & a Master named Garrioc & another, Bunn. They build a Church & mission House etc not far from some of the Factories of Hudson Bay company. When Mr Jones succeeded West, who went home to Engd, he recd support & kindness from the Governor of York Factory, & had the happiness every Sunday to have Crowds of half breeds, & Indians as well as Settlers & they were forced to build a second Church. They had service in both every Sunday; prayer meeting twice a week, & catechism & School teaching every day. He wonders more & more at the success he has. His people seem such sincere Christians. Many from distant places send their children to the School to remain, & send presents to the master for keeping them, & when taught, they return home to teach others, & are mostly very zealous. Intercourse is opened with Exquimaux & Rocky Mountain Indians, & 3 stations fixed on, & the people there say they will have hundreds of Children at the Schools. Nothing shews more the true Christian Spirit of the poor people, than their conduct during a dreadful innundation in May 1826. The snow had been immense in the winter & when melting, raised the River, & tore away their Houses, & crops, & all they possessed. The Church being on high ground They went there in Crowds, & any thing that could be saved was put on a loft. They said they must perish, but it should be "by the Sanctuary" It is the Lord, let him do as seemeth him good. The water increasing, they built a stage & went there, & among them poor Mr Cockran, an example to them all. They had prayer, singing, & preaching, there on the stage surrounded by water, thro' which they could just wade & get off the loft of the Church, which stood, but was flooded, & the windows torn out. May 22d the water much fallen, & Mr Jones went in a boat that came from the Rapids to them, to the Cedar Hills, where many fled for safety. He feared to find them disponding; but no, they recd him with open arms, & said they were ready to join him in praise to Him who inhabiteth Eternity for the preservation of their lives. But J says "I could not but rejoice & say, I have seen thy salvation Oh Lord! He heard from a friend that the Sunday before when the water was increasing, & people flying in all directions, he was paddling along & heard singing & going towards the sound, he & others in the Canoe, saw a party of half breed women on a stage, not 18 inches from the water, singing, undisturbed by the danger - Sun 20th Water falling, & the people spread an awning, & had Service performed & sung, "God is the treasure of my soul, & source of lasting joy - A joy which want shall not impair nor death itself destroy - May 29th He left the people, who said they had thoughts of removing from that settlement, but now determined not to abandon a place favoured with the Gospel, he found his new Church people that he had left, in health & safety, & the poor Church standing, & the provisions on the loft of it safe, but the inside gone to ruin. June 4. Waded thro' swamps to preach at an encampment at some distance, & returning heard singing in a Montreal Canoe, which proved to be Governor Simpson with letters & dispatches from Engd & he assured them of assistance & protection etc [ ]

78-008/2/14 #259

[re: music chords;

no transcription]

78-008/2/14 #260

I am equally pleased and gratified my Dear Hariot by your little communication which has entirely done away all disagreeable impressions & removed a weight most painful from my heart - it was I own most sensibly affected - to find myself, as I then feard considered as a Bugbear by one from whom - if I know myself I had every reason to expect a very contrary conduct - Thus I love you Dear Hariot with a warm and sincere affection you cannot doubt - my poor i[n]deavors for yr benefit evince that - more strongly than volms either said or written on a subject - that I expect a return of affection, & a reasonable degree of confidence you cannot think extraordinary - But to pry into your secrets - or force myself an unbidden guest at any of yr little merry makings - with the intimates of yr own age - has ever indeed been as far from my heart as my intentions - therefore what happened yesterday wood not have made the slightest impression on me, had it not been attended with some circumstances, which I am gratified by observing were as evident to yrself - any confidence that is not voluntary is of little value in my estimation & you are yet unacquainted with my character in regard to the affairs of others & any anxiety to dive into foolish matters that occur every day does not constitute any part of it - where I love, I own myself wounded most sensibly by the least appearance of unkindness or distrust - which was the case yesterday - but this is now all over & you are once more & will I trust always be my own Hariot. As to your little Essay - I am much pleased with it & think you have discriminated the two principal characters very well - in some parts the language might be mended & the whole abridg'd with advantage I rejoice & commend you my Dear for doing so much justice to the character of yr Aunt W to whom you owe so large a debt of gratitude & who when we consider her excellent heart & active propensity to benefit others is supperior to most people - her errors arrise in a great measure from her education & an over anxiety to do more good than is possible - for which she will assuredly have a rich reward - tho alas! it has not yet been in this world - I hope you will gratify me by letting me see yr little Essay when completed - which I look upon as a very innocent & useful approriation of yr leisure, it naturely leads to a knowledge of ourselves of all others the most necessary - a facility of expression & a habit of reflextion - all which are well worth a little pain to acquire - & now my Dr farewell - with this assurance; that the perhaps sometimes I may appear irritable & sometimes capricious - that at all times yr happiness here & herafter - has been my most sincere & fervent wish - & that to you, I have ever been an affte & steady friend


[Addressed to:


78-008/2/14 #261

March 30th

My ever dearest Fanny

As we going to send up our very small contributions of remembrances for Harriet's box I must write a few lines to put in it tho' I will not attempt to tell you any news, as it will be so long before it arrives that it would of course be old news. I saw some time ago a curious little pattern of socks for infants & it occured to me that perhaps they might be useful to you as they are so easily make that any little child could knit them. Mun was just at that time prevented from reading by sore eyes so begged to knit a pair which he did. I send one of them open that you may see how it was done. The narrowing at the toe was made by leaving 3 or 4 stiches unknit at the end of every 3rd row. Mun also knit part of a blanket & Aunt Sue finished it when he went to school - for a Cradle; & he sent a great many loves to his dear little Canadian cousin & hoped it might keep her warm in some of the cold nights or days. John wished much to have some little keepsake to send also, to all our cousins & he begs to add a book which was given him by Aunt Sue with their joint loves. It is the Son of a Genius & I think will much please them all; tho' rather too old for them yet I should think. Have you a little book called "Harriet & her cousin". I think it one of the prettiest little books I ever met with & if you have not yet I must send it next time to dear A:M: tho' perhaps she should not read it for some years Pray tell me if you have it. I must now tell you of a book I lately read which I think delighted me more than any I ever read. It is "Serles Horce Solitarae" but tho' it has a latin name dont suppose pray that it it is written in that language. It professes to confute all those dreadful people who deny the divinity of our Saviour & the Holy Spr - & does so indeed in a manner which much cleverer people than I am pronounce to be unanswerable. It has also some such beautiful explanations of scripture & particularly of the ceremonial Law that I copied parts of it for myself & then I made a few extracts for you as I thought it was a book likely to please you. I had always looked upon the law in a general way as a type of Christ but it quite opened to me a new & delightful view of the closeness & wonderful beauty of every separate part. I do not suppose others are so ignorant as I was on the subject but still perhaps you may not have seen it quite in the same clear way as he does. Perhaps you had better not say any thing about these little extracts in any of your letters tho' I should be very glad to know what you think of them - But the book is by some people reckoned to be in rather a high stile bordering on Methodistical language& I have there fore never spoken of it but to Mamma & Robt who like it very much - I believe the stile is in some parts very warm but if such a subject did not warm one they must have a cold heart indeed. Our dear friends at Clongill seem to have a great dread of anything Methodistical so I should be particularly sorry they heard anything about it. In binding it up I wisely put the 2nd vol. before the 1st as you will see. I am sure I need not tell you what heartfelt pleasure your last letter with the account of dear little Bessy's birth gave us all; or how warmly we offered up prayers for her being every thing that the fondest or most judicious parent could wish & if ever there were children whose friends have ever reason to hope for them turning out well - yours are they. They have both a good Father & Mother & the Almighty will watch over them & keep them. Besides dear Fanny surely they have less temptation in that new country & fewer evil examples. When I sit down to write to you I cannot stop tho' I always feel as if I was taking up your time. A thousand thanks for all you gave up to me in writing that fine long entertaining & satisfactory letter which arrived just the same day your account of Bessys birth did. Oh if you could but imagine the happiness it gave for us we had been so long without hearing & the one before almost broke our hearts. Adieu dearest one love one fondly attached

M: Noble

78-008/2/14 #262

I am in a most terrible fury with you for forgetting a name such an accident never by any chance happens to me in Granite the particles of quartz are generally rounded as if they had been rolled by water they are united by a cement sometimes of quartz and some times of schorl in gneiss the quartz is lye in kind of loasinae united by a cement so [picture] in pudding stone the charge is rounded in Creecias it is sharp! I send the pattern of the poplen - My mother will go when the Everards leave us


Yours affec


Let us know the day you mean to come that we may not be out of the way

[addressed to Miss F. Browne]

78-008/2/14 #263


I dont know dear Harriet, when my heart felt more heavy than the day I parted with you & the rest of our friends - and yet, I'm sure I can say with great truth that I can thoroughly acquit myself of any selfish regrets on this occasion that I hope will produce as great a portion of health to the whole & party as I am sure it will satisfaction which I trust will meet no impediment from bad weather or any other circumstance - I thank you my Dear for both your letters which were doubly welcome conveying as they did such good tidings of yr Chere Maman - whose convalesscent symptoms may daily increase I pray - I felt more than I can tell poor Wms vexatious disappointment - nothing could possibly be more so - however you will all gain a little of his company by the bargain - Dr Frank was so kind as to carry Belindas letter himself to Lady Ann Mahon where Mrs Waller had dined he met them all at the Door just returning from a walk in the Square - he was much pressed to drink tea but could not as he was just going to Mrs Staffords to take up his little shipmate - Mrs Waller says she accompanied him there merely to enjoy the pleasure of his Company - since she could have it in no other way - speak very highly of him so does poor Anna Maria, who bids me tell his Mother she only wishes he was her own son - indeed it was very kind & thoughtful of him in all his hurry to call there - I felt they have serious thought of going in August to Bristol by Long sea [ ] and from there thence to Bath - poor Anna Maria has set her heart on it - so perhaps she may find some benefit the Nobles drank tea here the Day you left this & left the Suttons here who have remained ever since but I believe leave us the Eving - we had a grand Let off at ChasFord on Tuesday - where we met the Nicholsons - Newcomes - & the wonderful Sir Piers Commonly called the Mogul Tiger - he is certainly a handsome man - & indeed is not in the least doubt on that point himself. to whom he seems on rather more partial, than he does to even the Holy Virgins - on their Matronly Sisters amongst whom he distributes his favours in equal proportions more so I should think than they approve - for they seem gaping for his notice on every occasion They looked very handsome & were dressed exactly alike all in Virgin White, with little Quaker caps like Bradys Widdow of Resent Days - and had all Lace Cuffs. which looked very genteel & pretty - I was surprised considering Mrs Nobles passion for the Wallers - To see them so considerably neglected by the Newcomes - who never spoke a syllable to them throughout the day except to ask them for a few particular Songs - & to dance a Walse - which the Wallers can never think of without being in a rage at their impertinence & certainly it did seem so, whether they meant it or not - to us they behaved well enough - but kept rather in a select party the whole day - with the Tiger among them to whom they talked in a half whisper - about things that happened in town & laughed loud - & seemed to enjoy themselves very much - but to be completely indifferent to the rest of the Company - Mun was in a rage with them all - & was not sparing of his opinion which he published to the Company in a loud Key - after their departure, notwithstanding poor Mrs Noble was present - they certainly deserved what he said but I could have wished he had postponed it as I'm sure it distressed her - but he was tipsy & could not be silenced - I fear we have a repetition of the same drama hanging over us They must be asked here, that's poz - but I pray the odious Tiger may have taken his departure before it happens - he had his vole Hair Cropped & Curl'd just like the Wallers -

78-008/2/14 #264

I have only time to send you a little note my sweet Harriet as wrote so lately - Tis of the less consequence -

I sent you a nice Cradle for the three babes to repose in as I remember to have often seen the Infantine part of yr family obliged to slumber on the ground - so now that I have disposed of these poor Children to my satisfaction I must tell you that I am extremely obliged to my Dr Harriet for yr Dilligence which I have heard off from two or three people - I hope my love you continue your think on to Grand mama & are affectionate & attentive to yr Aunt Waller to whom you owe more than you can ever repay as well as yr Uncle who is so kind to you - never let this out of yr mind, nor be tempted to ingra[ti]tude by any thing or any body - They are yr best friends & be grateful - I sent you a very pretty Sash but could not get any green Sarsnet I like & had yr sash in brown paper - yrs my Dr in great haste but ever most affte


[Addressed to:

Miss H Beaufort]

78-008/2/14 #265Record of the Stewart Family

[Collected from various standard works as well as from authenticated family papers - by Henry L. Stewart]

It is only by the research of Modern Antiquerians, that the origin of the Stewart family has been found - in a Norman Gentleman named Allan, contempary with William the Conqueror; who obtained from the Monarch the Barony of Oswestry in Shropshire, England. - Allan who described himself as the son of Fald, left three sons, the eldest of whom William, became the ancestor of a race of Earls of Arrundel whose titles and Estates at length went, by an Heiress into the Norfolk family. While Walter and Simon the two younger brothers appear to have Emigrated to Scotland, - From Walter are descended the Stewarts: - and from Simon the Boyds, his son Robert having been called Boidh, from his having yellow hair -, Walter was honored by David the first [1126] with the high office of Steward, which embraces a strange variety of duties, from the management of the Royal household, to the collection of the Royal Revenues - and command of the Kings Armies.

Walter obtained from David as a gift the lands of Paisley, Renfrew, Pollock, Cathcart, and others in the same part of the Kingdom: - And in 1160 he founded the Abbey of Paisley, the Monks of which of the Clunie Order came from Wenlock Abbey in Shropshire - a religious house founded by his brother William - Walter died in 1177 - and was interred at Paisley by his son and successor Allen, who died 1204 & was followed by a second Walter, who received from Alexander the 2d, the additional office of Justicier of Scotland. - His successor Alexander commanded the army at the important Battle of Larges in 1263 - and in 1264 he brought the Isle of Man, under subjection to the King of Scotland. Alexander who besides his successor James, had a second son Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll, the Knight of Bonkyll, who fell in his high command at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298, was the Ancestor by his eldest son Alexander, of the Stewarts, Earls of Angus. - By a second Allan: of the Earls Dukes of Lennox.

By a third Son Walter, of the Earls of Galloway, by a fourth son James of the Earls of Athol, Buchan & Traquair and the Lords Lorn & Innermeath - Sir Walter Stewart obtained the Barony of Garlies from John Randolph Earl of Moray by Charter, wherein the Earl denominates Sir Walter his "Uncle" - His son Sir John Stewart of Dalswinton who [according to Rhymen] was made prisoner at the battle of Durham in 1346 - he was likewise one of the hostages for King David Bruce in 1357 - This Sir John left a son Sir Walter of Dalswinton whose daughter and heiress Marion Stewart espoused Sir John Stewart [17th Octr 1396] son of Sir William Stewart of Jedburgh, Sheriff of Teviotdale [said to be of the house of Lennox] and left two sons, Sir William of Dalswinton and Garlies, & John Stewart Provost of Glasgow - Sir William obtained the Estate of Minto in 1429 after much opposition from the Turnbulls the former possessor - he died in the year 1479 and left four sons 1st Andrew, who predeceased his father - 2nd Sir Alexander his successor - 3rd Sir Thomas of Minto ancestor of Lord Blantyre - 4th Walter of Tondegree - Sir Alexander was succeeded by his Grandson Sir Alexr of Garlies who was one of the prisoners taken at the Rout of Solway in November 1542 - and appears to have been released in 1543 upon giving his son & heir Alexander as hostage. - He married twice, and had issue by his second wife Margaret daughter of Patrick Dunbar Esqre of Cluston - He died in 1570 & was succeeded by his Grandson Sir Alexander by Catherine daughter of William - fourth Lord Herries. He was killed with the Regent Lenox in 1571 - His Grandson Sir Alexander of Garlies married Christianna daughter of Sir William Douglas of Drumbrig - and was succeeded by his eldest Son Sir Alexander [he had two other sons William and John] who after receiving the honor of Knighthood was elevated to the Peerage 19th July 1607 - by the title of Baron of Garlies - and upon the 9th Septr 1623 his Lordship was advanced to the Earldom of Galloway when he was sworn of the Privy Council of James the sixth - He married Grizzle daughter of Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar - he died in 1647 and was succeeded by his only surviving son James 2d Earl of Galloway

Captain William Stewart a brother of the first Earl of Galloway, came to Ireland with Sir Arthur Chichester in 1595. He had a Co in Sir Arthurs Regiment - In the reign of Charles 1st he was sent to the King, then at Edinburgh with an account of affairs - by him were sent commissions for raising five regiments, which he was to deliver to the following persons - Sir Hamilton Montgomery Lord of Ards, Sir William Stewart, Sir James Stewart and Sir James Montgomery - He was killed in Tyrone Woods by a party of rebels and was succeeded in his Irish Estates by his nephew William Stewart - son of Sir John Stewart & grandson of Sir Alexander of Garlies - He built Ballydrain in 1608 - and was killed at Kilkullen Bridge by a party of Roman Catholics in 1641 - His son John Stewart born in 1621 married Anne Wilson daughter of John Wilson Laird of Croglin - he died in 1691 and left 3 children 1st John born 1701 - 2d George Stewart who was lost at sea 1743 - 3d & 4th Margaret and Anne died young of Whooping cough - John Stewart married Jane Legge - daughter of William Legge Esqre of Malone. He died in 1764 - and left 6 children 1st Ellinor who died unmarried 1806 - 2d Thomas of White House and Dunanny Co. Antrim - 3d Martha married to Israel Younghusband - 4th William of Wilmont married to Anne Garner Daughter of Thos Garner Esqre - 5th Alexander George of Windsor & Macedon near Belfast - died unmarried in 1796 - 6th Eliza Anne Stewart married Nathaniel Magee of New Bridge who died without children - & Robert

Thomas married Sara - no children

Martha Younghusband had 2 sons John & William

John married - Miss Harrison and had one daughter Martha married to - Hull Esqre but no children - William married Miss Hull

Robert succeeded his father at Ballydrain and married ["Mary Clarke - daughter of Willm Clarke Esqre" crossed out]

78-008/2/14 #266

[partial transcriptions]

My dear good little girl

You & our dear Cath, being both such excellent children, has absolutely made me a vast deal better, though I cannot say I am much stouter as to my limgs. I will try your kind Dr K only I am told he might kill me in trying to cure me I hope to be much better in Summer. Give kisses 200 to dear Uncle, & loves to dear Aunt & the girls from

Your tired fond Mama AMB

August 14th 1804

Dearest Fanny

Every time I hear from Ireland I am delightfully gratified by an account of your being a very good little girl, but when dear Aunt & Uncle Waller gives me this information I am doubly happy. I am surprised, it does not make me quite well, but one must feel something not quite agreeable or we should be too proud & happy & I would rather become blind & drunk than that you or Kitty should be bad children.

I continue perfectly well except my limbs - which are as bad as ever. I was greatly pleased by all your letters, I am able to judge better of them, as I keep all & see a wonderful improvement. I never hear any good of you that I dont pray for the friends that have made you so. Your sister is very good too, but too idle which is a great fault but I hope she will become sensible. She & I have written many letters to you in hopes of getting a Frank so believe dear F that we think of you & love you every moment. May all blessings attend you my best beloved, & may you be always happy enough to be loved by Uncle & Aunt Waller dear Bess. H B & your Mother at Colon Aunt G &c &c Pray day & night you fond Mama

A Maria

I cannot express my beloved Fanny how happy your dear Aunt Sister & I was made by our long expected Colon packet which arrived the day before yesterday. I beg you will get your Mother to send me her two letters if she finds them for I think she never sent them. They are very interesting to me if year old when written by her & having your name mentioned in them

I am very sorry my best love our kind and dear Uncle thinks it not worth your while to come to Bath this time, but I trust very soon to be better able to enjoy the delight of having you here. You will be so pleased too with all our A-town friends returning this summer.

We are come into this famous city for a short time, for me to try once more the effect of these health restoring waters. Tell you Mother after I try them this time I will take a little of Dr b's - & his wicked air, but I have never heard of any one in my complaint recovering any thing more than very partial benefit & then he is such a dear man. I look forward with hope in our Great God that my darling child & I will yet meet & be happy altogether, but I remember that if not it is His Will. The Good God who has made me the most delighted of Mamas with so good children as you & your Sister. She is very merry & good company. This vacation so we are quite happy & want but you & dear brother Francis to be quite content. Farewell my dearest believe me most fondly your AMB

78-008/2/14 #267

From F.S. to Miss Maria Noble

Douro 27th Oct 1825

xxx We have three times had hopes of a clergyman coming to this place and each time been disappointed. You ask what he could have to live upon here. The clergyman appointed by the Government would have an income yearly of two hundred pounds a year, and if he is the district school master, he will have £130 per an - This situation is to be procured by interest with the Bishop of Quebec and the Society for the propagation of the Gospel in foreign Parts Dr Stewart is the present Bishop and letters of introduction to him would be of great advantage. He has promised to make Douro one of his first appointments so that any one should apply soon. Our church is to be built at the New Town of Horton and the situation is fixed upon. It will be upon a pretty hill from whence is a lovely view of the Otonabee River. Mr Robinson approves of the plan sent us by Mr Kirkpatrick of a neat plain pretty church and if it can be got up for the sum we shall have, it will do very well.

We have had four surveyors laying; out the streets, which have all been named by his excellency the Governor - A few days ago we went to see our new acquaintance the Reads and found them far more comfortable than we found them a month ago. They have got into their log house which though very small is very comfortable After we had returned home and just done dinner we saw some people at the other side of the River a Lady and two Gentlemen. We sent the boat across for them, they found to our surprise, Mr Robinson Dr and Mrs Read who had come to return our visit; They drank tea here at our usual hour between four and five o'clock that they might have the remains of daylight for their walk home, the first half of which is through thick woods, we had a very merry pleasant evening for they are very lively and though our acquaintance is slight we had no formality. We have been greatly interested in the crusaders which a gentleman lent us lately. Nothing can be better described than some of the scenes in the Talisman which are really like a picture or a stage representation xxx

78-008/2/14 #268

[Extracts bound with ribbon]

F.S. to H. Beaufort

Douro Sept 5th 1825

xxx This house has been like a Hotel for sometime past. This you will wonder at in this remote place where I formerly complained of solitude. First about two months ago came a Capt Stewart from Ireland who brought letters from Mrs Frood, he and his luggage settled themselves here just before my confinement and here he staid six weeks. I think it was rather inconsiderate of him when he found the situation I was in having my monthly nurse in the house and living in such an unfinished cabin with scarcely accommodation for my own family - however poor creature he certainly was not hard to please, but partook of our homely fair and slept in a loft with all sorts of Sundries about him and bore it all good humouredly. He was always ill and talking medicine and obliged to be attended like a lying in lady with his bowls of gruel, and toast and tea travelling up stairs - At last he and Tom agreed that farming would never suit him and Tom advised him to try Merchandize; so he and Mr Bethune have entered into partnership and he is to keep a store just near this at Scott's Mills, which will be a great convenience and advantage to all the back settlers, as they can dispose of any thing they wish to sell and procure what they want to buy as Mr Bethune is to keep it constantly supplied with goods to be sold at Cobourg prices. He is getting a house built and has taken lodgings in Smithtown about two miles from Scotts as he says our early hours "destroy him" and he wished to go where he could have plenty of milk and whey. He comes every day to take away a few of his things in little bundles - Mr Robinson has formed an encampment of sick Emigrants at Scotts and it is quite a gay place, he is a Native of Halifax and is I hear very gentlemanlike: he lives in the midst of his Paddies in a grand tent. They are all in huts round him and every day parties are sent over to their land. Several are placed in this in this township; they are all from the South of Ireland and have hitherto conducted themselves well. They will be settled five or six miles behind us -

There is a Mr and Mrs Armstrong come out. Mr Robinson mentioned them to Tom as pleasant companionable people as he termed it. They arrived the other day when Tom was at the camp; wet to the skin and wearied nearly to death. They had no shelter or fire today themselves, so Tom requested they would come here and he brought them all to remain till their house is ready, which is to be two miles from us. She is an unassuming person who has been in a bettermost syle of life; they have four little boys and a baby of 17 months and a servant maid. all have been living here and will probably remain much longer. They do not give much trouble considering all things. The boys are fine manly fellows -

There is a Mr Smith employed by the Government to place settlers on their land or to locate them as it termed. He is a surveyor and a very agreeable man, he lives at the camp and has dined and breakfasted here and is one of the most gentlemanlike men I have seen since I left Ireland.

We are soon to have an other neighbour, Dr Read and his family. He has been in this country for some years but went back to Ireland last year and returned with the emigrants; he is appointed by Government to attend those settlers in Douro and is to have a house at Scotts Mills for a year and after that to have land in Douro. Mrs Armstrong says he is a very nice man and a good physician. She is very dressy and Dr Read has brought quantities of fine clothes for her and his children. I'm sure I can't know what she will do with them here, when I have such gay people around me you may expect to hear that I am become quite a dasher.

Col Burke is also coming and is to live at Scotts during the winter so we shall have a village there directly and abundance of Society -

There never was so unhealthy a season as this has been and is - Scarcely a family without illness in some shape, either ague dysentry or lake fever: numbers have died. At Kingston many of the emigrants died: many now are ill at Cobourg and some are ill in our camp. However the hot weather is now over and we have had frost for the last four nights which will cool and purify the air, and drive away noxious vapours

How thankful should we be that we have escaped illness of every kind, neither the Reids nor we have had the least illness, our children are very stout. Bessy recovering her roses: William thriving and growing wonderfully and is a fine stout fellow

Thank you for the mignotte seeds and all the others. I have great fears about them and the Laurels too. Broom we brought out with us, but yours is fresher. I intend to sow some when we have any good place - This year we are annoyed by swarms of fleas such as you couldn't conceive, they crawl on the floors and on the beds, all from the dryness of the season. They are in the woods amongst the dry leaves, earth and dust in great numbers.

My head is quite confused with the bustle we live in after the sameness we had so long - This house is full of comers and goers, chiefly poor settlers. they make much noise and give some trouble occasionally -

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27th May 26

A very unpleasant accident happened at Mr Reids last week. John Reid was ferrying over five of the Emigrants two men and three lads one of the boys was very obstinate and ignorant and though John told him he would upset the boat he would not mind him - but went on to change his place put his foot on the gunwale the boat upset and all tumbled into the water in the middle of the rapids - John knew if any of the men could catch hold of him they would, and that if they did they would all perish - so he had presence of mind enough to dive under them so as completely to disengage himself from them - when he rose again he saw one of the men trying to catch a little branch -he knew it could not bear him and he caught him by his hair and swam with him to the bank

The other man escaped also but the three boys were lost Three of the little Reids were standing watching the boat coming over - and when they saw it go down, screamed out and ran to tell their father and mother who were in the house - They expected Mary and Ellen Reid over and were sure they were in that boat - you may have some idea of the agony they suffered for a few moments. No blame can be attached to poor John for he was careful as possible in the management of boats and very expert - but it is at this time of year an arduous undertaking to cross in the rapid part of the River - the boat was carried down a little way past this house where it is now sticking among some logs at the side of the River.

You will wonder why I have been interrupted every two minutes, and now whilst I write Bessy is Jumping on the sofa behind me and catching my shoulders and then springing round me on the table - Willy is creeping about my feet and trying to climb up by holding the leg of the table.

Poor Anne McVitie is worse than ever, tho' I have consulted three physicians, she is ill in one room and the boy Delany in another all last week Ned our other boy was in bed with ague

I was great afraid that Tom was taking it he was ill and feverish and chilly one day - he looks bilious and thin and complains of headache, but he will not yield to my entreaties and take any kind of medicine

God grant us a continuation of good health [ ] has enjoyed and make me thankful for his mercies - The children are all well and great wild racing creatures, Anna is up to my shoulders, Ellen about a head lower, Bessy very amusing and engaging Willy a great stout laughing fellow.

Give my love to all dear dear friends including the Meath branch

Ever and ever your own old

F Stewart

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Douro May 27th 1826

I have been in a state of repentance my dearest Harriet ever since my last letter was sent off - for I wrote in rather a disponding humour and am sure you will all be in a state of misery about me thinking that we are very miserable: - but I assure my dearly, loved friends that I am not very miserable I am only sometimes more prone to low spirits than I have been, but I will not yet touch on this subject, I want to express to you how acutely and deeply grateful I feel for all your exertions about the Postmaster Gen1 - indeed I give you constant trouble and plague, but I hope I shall not do so much longer. I am not at all sanguine about this appointment and have no hope about it - for luck seems to go in particular currents and we are not placed so as to meet any thing which the rapids may carry down the stream - however this does not make me the less sensible of the kindness of those friends who have taken such unwearied means to be useful to us

31st I began this on Sunday night but grew sleepy, - well since I wrote last we have had some variety - Mr Strickland who is clearing within our rather less than a mile of us, and Mr and Mrs Armour -

On Sunday last I went to Church or rather to Peterborough intending to go to church as we heard that Mr Armour was to have service in Mr Robinsons Hall - after being so long, three years and a quarter, without being any place of public worship you may judge of my feelings so I braved the Musquitos which are tremendous this year. When we arrived there, we walked up to the Big House - but behold: we found the doors all shut and locked! we looked in at the windows, but could not see anybody or receive an answer to out repeated knocks. We then went to Mr Armours and found his house also deserted, but there we learned that old Mr Thompson had arrived not having known that the Armours had come and he had the service at a house in Smithtown two miles off. So Mr Armour requested that all the Peterboro' congregation would go to Smithtown, for he thought it right to pay this attention to old Mr Thompson - and we were left in the lurch. I was tired and went and sat for an hour with little Dr Reade, who returned last week ill of the ague: and then I came home quite disappointed at having had my walk for nothing - besides I was affronted at Mr Robinson who had invited us to go to his house and spend the day and should have waited a little while to accompany us to Smithtown or should have given directions to his Servants to admit me if he could not wait - so you see I ws huffed, and so I came home, but Tom was obliged to stay for a meeting about school business - he saw Mr and Mrs Armour and seems to like Mrs Armour very much - She is he says, a very sensible clever woman - middle age and rather plain in appearance with a good countenance and good natured manners, she has no maid, a very common misfortune in this country and she is obliged to clean house, cook, wash, and do everything herself, and she had seven children. She scours the floors and scrubs away just as all the people here do everything herself than hire any of the Emigrants for they are not fit for servants - all the best having lived in the Towns. I envy people who can do all those things - they are so much better suited to this country than useless I am. Tom admires that sort of cleverness so much too, and he feels so much my want of it that I sometimes feel a little melancholy, for I am not half clever enough for a farmers wife; and he has been so much accustomed to very clever English women that he is rather hard to please or very exact. You know I never saw that mode of life at all so that I am very ignorant and if we continue to live in this country I hope I shall improve and shall have now more opportunity of seeing what others do: - for all this time I have been so little from home that I have only heard and have seen but little of the housekeeping of this country and hearsay will never teach that art - indeed latterly I dont know why I feel great deadness over me - not laziness for I like to exert myself when I can but a sort of stupidity and compression of mind which I used not to have at all - perhaps it is old age coming on for you now I have just passed my birthday and have crept into another year. - I have many signs of age about me - so I may begin to doot - Mrs Reid says I am grown like old Aunt Smyth - and she not but in joke

June 1st Yesterday Mr Armour and Dr Reade dined here and indeed I like Mr Armour very much When his countenance brightens he has a look of great benevolence - If I might give an opinion on so slight an acquaintance I should say that he seems a really religious man on the whole I am very agreeably surprised - I have not yet seen Mrs A, having no servant that cares of a family prevent her leaving home - Dr Reade I do like, he is so constantly and unremittingly kind and is always on the watch for any opportunity of obliging us

I must now tell you about Mr Strickland he seems to be twenty three or twenty four he is an everlasting talker but between times he has some drollery and on the whole is rather pleasant, Tom says he talked very agreeably to Mr Armour one day they dined together and showed some informations He gave us a description of an evening which he passed at a Tavern or public house in this country where the Master and Mistress wanted to pass themselves off as very fine folk and he acted their manner and changed their ["their" crossed out] his voice for the man or woman and made himself very diverting indeed - he is good natured and nurses Willy for me. He has just got his Shanty built and is very busy fitting it up - he sleeps here every night - the mosquitos are so numerous that they make sad havoc where they attack him, he comes here every night swollen and blistered all over. Musquitos always like Strangers best and bite them a great deal more than the old settlers in this country. I think the reason must be that the skin is softer - before it has been weather beaten here for I never do see here such delicately skined females as at home - indeed beauty is very scarce - Mr Strickland lived in Norfolk and came out last year. I dare say he may get on

here as he says he has always been accustomed to hard work but he little knows the work before him - however he has good expectations as to property and hopes to be able in a few years to live at home. I hear of many who say they wish to be at home - but having spent all their capital here either are unable to return or think it better to go on trying a little longer - I do think we are deceived in this country, for one must bear many years of wearying difficulties before they gain comfort or are able to save or make anything - therefore I am now come to the opinion that people could do better at home - and that we perhaps might have done better at home - unless they mean to make their children actual labourers I dont think people can make anything by farming The land will do one no good, unless it is cultivated and in order to have it cultivated the land holders must either spend a great deal of money or else work hard and make all his family work hard too. This is what the Reids do, but they neglect everything else, in manners learning and appearance they are exactly a labouring family: - this I cannot bear for my poor dear Children

I have thought a great deal on ef ["ef" crossed out] this lately, but my thoughts have not tended to comfort me much for I cannot decide what is best for us to do -

I have no one to consult - for I am afraid of making Tom unhappy by raising doubts in his mind - I suspect he feels as I do, by little things he sometimes says - but he is frequently tired and bothered and I cannot bear to add to his uneasiness, and if he thought I was unhappy, I know it would make him wretched for he loves me most tenderly - his countenance which used to look so placid has how more of care and anxiety and his manners are not as gentle as they were - These are the effects of the disappointment and vexations he has met with and I must regret it greatly but don't know how to mend the matter. Mr Reid says he does not think this kind of farming will ever be profitable for Tom as he cannot work - nor can his children and that he would do better on a small farm and that he makes no doubt Tom will return home in a few years - I don't like talking of it - to anybody but I should like much to have your opinion my dearest friend and Mammy I have often intended to write you about this but was prevented by the fear of giving you pain, but I know it will relieve my mind very much for continually thinking and pondering on a subject and having no creature to talk to about it is too much to bear long - If we go on here as we have done, I know we shall live to the extent of our income, without much comfort and seeing our children vulgar and illerate - if we remove to Peterboro' as every one advices Tom, I don't like that, for we should be in a little gossiping village, - and Tom would perhaps sink into indolence or lose his health besides the expense of building and purchasing, &c &c -

In removing to Cobourg I see fresh expenses - the Society would be better and the children would be better ["be better" crossed out] have the advantage of it but there would be a purchase to make and a house to furnish and we would still be as far from all our friends. If we return home we must spend some money for the passage our income is small - and yet I dare say with good management we might live on a very small scale at least with as many comforts as we have had here, and it would be such a great thing to be near our friends - it would balance many as privations and difficulty. We have the greatest objections in the world to being a burden on the affections of our dear and kind friends and feel this is one reason for not returning home to Gt Britain - that from affection our friends would do too much for us - I now wish and so does Tom that we had taken the advice of our friends and not emigrated so hastely - but it can't be helped now - I argued and reasoned and entreated Tom as much as I could - before we came but his mind was bent on it and nothing would change it and I thought my duty then was to yield - he thought right to come to Canada to try his fortune and he never would have been happy if he had not done so. If we had taken a cleared farm at first we should have got on well and saved an incalculatable deal of disappointment and hardship and I should have had the pleasure of seeing the children quite in their manners and their minds improved - but Tom did not think it right to separate from Mr Reid's family and for them the woods were the best - but there is no use now in giving way, to useless regrets he did sit ["sit" crossed out] so from kindness of his brothinlaw's family and that was a good motive - I should be sorry to encourage him to go home if I thought he had a prospect of succeeding here, but I see no great prospect of that and I would rather live in a small way near my friends than here when if I want adve I must wait half a year to receive it and in many little dilemmas I could give anything to have a friend like you to consult

I am always happy when I can write my letters at night for then I am with my friends - but work must be done - torn frocks and worn shirts must be mended

Now my dearest Harriet I have given you a plain statement of our case - Tom is I am sure tired of the woods - my puzzle is - is it better to persevere or openly encourage him to stop. I hope now my dear friends you will not mistake me and think me discontented or changeable - let me assure you that I am glad we did come to Canada for Tom thought it right to judge for himself - In all our trials we have been strengthened and supported by the Almighty and I feel perfectly sure and convinced that he never sends us a trial or affliction without good and wise reasons - therefore I do most humbly resign all to His will

Will you answer all this fully and in such manner that I can have no hesitation in shewing to my husband - he generally reads you letters before I do - or else makes me read them to him after he has given them a hasty glance. He is warmly attached to you my dearest Mammy and my happiest moments are when I am sitting reading your letters aloud to him.

Capt Stewart is to set out homewards on the 8th of this month, he has lived almost quite alone till this last month which he has passed at Cobourg - he is remarkably good humoured, I could not help admiring him when it was the fashion to turn him into ridicule and quiz him, he bore it with such gentle-manlike forbearance and good humour - he has behaved with perfect honor in regard to all money matters; tell this to Catherine

Tom has been walking with me to Mr Stricklands and sitting and talking a great deal with me today he says that though this place is pretty the heart never rea [ ] to it, but that if nothing turns up to add to our income or encourage us to return home - he will go on here - and square his clearing and then stop and go on afterwards on a small scale

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from Thomas A. Stewart

Douro May 20th 1827]

xxx As you seem unaquainted with somethings in our mode of proceeding I will try to explain them as you take so much interest in all we do. First then, what we call farming on shares is the best for a person in my situation for this reason I am not able to go through the great bodily labour that is necessary nor is my family able to give me any assistance, and indeed I do not wish they should.

I have engaged a man with his family to live on, and work at the farms; to this person I give what stock I think necessary such as oxen, cows sheep and hogs for a certain number of years, say three years. Every year we divide the produce of the land equally, also the increase of the stock, at the same time he is obliged to feed the stock and of his share of the stock and to return the original stock to me at the end of the time. He finds his own seed after the first year; he is also to keep a horse for me and besides the milk and butter he is to keep a Milch cow for the use of my family: he is to keep all the fences in repair and is to build any house necessary for the stock &c &c -

He may also clear any quantity of land he pleases of which he is to have the first year crop: after that I am to have half every year. He is to supply the house with fire wood, this may appear trifle to you, but it is a thing of great consequence here, as we should require a man for at least two months besides feeding him -

Now I suppose I farm by employing and paying men I should require a man all the year to look after my cattle and all other things, that would cost at least £40 a year, and we should have the encumbrance of him in the house. Then in wheat we can raise off new land is 25 bushels to one acre xxxxx Next I suppose I want to clear land, I must pay 16 dollars per acre before I can sow a grain of wheat: this is all cash: now by my present plan I get it cleared for nothing and after the first year I receive half. The more he clears the better for me and of course improves my property - I have now engaged a French man one of the hardest working men I ever saw and his wife is very careful of the young stock - This man is to pay my taxes, and to do all my road labor, so I shall have no occasion to hire any one for farm work yet at the same time I have enough to employ myself fully I have a large garden to mind and I am now planting an orchard xxxxxxxxxxx

The more the Frenchman does the better for himself and of course me, I can part with him when I please by giving him six months notice and in case he cheats me I have his share of encrease of the stock to make up the deficiency xxxxxx

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part of a letter written June 1827]

xxx Coming home from Rice Lake Tom stopped to rest and refresh at a place where there was an Indian Wigwam. On going in he found several Indians collected for midday prayer. They were kneeling and held their hands downwards. No one looked up or stirred when he came in: they prayed in their own language: the person who officiated was a lad of about thirteen years He said a sentence which they all answered: this continued some time then he said a prayer: at the end of each answer or response they all said amen. When the worship was over they made up their fire and made signs to Tome and his companions to come and dry their clothes. It was a very wet day. Tome slept out in the woods in wet blankets and without a fire as their punk [tinder of rotten maple] had got wet and they could not light a fire. All their whiskey and provisions ["had been" crossed out] were drunk and eaten as they had been delayed by the breaking of an oar. They got to Peterborough at 7 o'clock in the morning and Tom has not suffered materially by the expedition.

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Douro May 24th 1828

I will not pass this day which brings me to the termination of another year without writing to my dearest friend xxxxxx how much reason have I to be thankful for the many mercies and blessings I enjoy - so many comfort around me which are denied to others of my own rank in life every way more worthy of them, such a kind husband so considerate and so indulgent - such affectionate children, such excellent health and such kind and steady friends: though also I am separated from them yet this separations does not decrease our affections but if possible proves it more: and even that separation is rendered as little painful as possible by our frequent intercourse by letters - Many of my acquaintances here only hear from their friends once or twice a year, and some are surrounded by trials and turmoils of different kinds and along with all - illness - amongst this class is my poor friend - who has beauty and fashionable attractive manners - her company is sought for and admired and she had some old long known friends at - whom she can have to comfort and assist her in any difficulty or sickness - she has a husband who nurses her children ["her children" crossed out] - the infants and will wash and dress them and even let them sleep in his arms if she is ill - To balance all these, her children are noisy and unruly: her house is small and ill managed, her maid lazy and useless so that she is obliged to do almost everything herself - They never have anything comfortable in or about the house and from bad management are frequently with the ["the" crossed out] source of the common comforts of life such as sugar and candles or flour &c &c, but the worst of all is that for half the year they are all ill; sometimes all together with Lake fever or ague - I might give you many other histories of the family trials of many of my acquaintances here, but no need - my heart is grateful for having had a moderate share of these visitations - our house is most comfortable - We have had privations as to food: but within the last year or two we we have improved greatly and now we are never in want of those little articles which constitute a part of our comfort Dear Tom is so provident and so careful that he assists me greatly in my household economy and is in fact a most ["most" crossed out] much better housekeeper than I am. Illness seldom visits us - our farm is doing well and our cattle have all prospered for so far, not withstanding the nightly visits of a bear who actually came over our style a few nights ago, and past Old Johns house to the pig sty twice or thrice, yet our three litters of pigs have hitherto escaped owing to the Vigilence of the ["of the" crossed out] and activity of the dogs who have succeeded in frightening Mr Bruin off each time. On the first visit old Johns wife went out with a candle having heard the noise of a bear sniffling about the house and there she found him close by sitting up on his hind legs grinning and growling, the dogs keeping him at bay. It was a very dark night so that she was close to him before she was aware and held the candle up to his face to look at him, she said; unfortunately old John was too weak and ill to go out and his sons had slept here, so though she called, it was a good while before any assistance from us could arrive and before it came the bear had scampered off to the woods

Capt Hall seems to be collecting materials for a work on Canada. He sent some queries to Tom relative to this country as a residence for a lady and gentleman unaccustomed to labor: he also requested that both Mr Reid and Tom would write him a detailed account of all our proceedings here. Mr Reid being an actual farmer confined his part to a detail of his chopping clearing and cultivating. Tom and I being "a lady and gentleman unaccustomed to labor" and Tom being obliged to employ laborers he merely gave an account of own adventures and some of the struggles we were obliged to encounter for the first years [ ]

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Douro July 6th 1828

xxx When I last wrote to Ireland I was in the midst of preparations and bustle previous to my visits to Cobourg which passed as prosperously and agreeable as my kind friends could make it - Here I am once more in my own dear little quiet home and here is my history

It was arranged that on Tuesday 17th June I should set out in a boat which was going to Rice Lake - having appointed that Mr Bethune should send a waggon there to meet me the same evening - and accordingly we all sallied forth on Tuesday Mrs Strickland who was going to join Mr Strickland who is in Mr Galts employment at Guelph - Sally McVittie who was going to hire with Mrs Falkner - Anna Maria Ellen and myself - Tom came to see us off as he was to stay at home to take care of the youngest children and premises. Anne McVittie to be his assistant. We set out at half past one, being seven hours later than I intended to have been started. Our conveyance was a large flat bottomed boat called in this country a scow it is fifty feet long and is for carrying luggage. We had a cargo of flour eighty barrels to take down but one end of the boat was allotted for our party and we had only our own Trunks and parcels which served as seats I felt very odd when I left Tom, it seemed so forlorn to set out on a journey in this strange land without him and more so for me who for three years and nine months had never been from my own roost, but the principal boatman who was the only one I had anything to do with was a very civil man

Our day was pleasant and the various turns of the river as pretty all wood and water without anything else can be, - but it soon became tiresome. When we reached Rice Lake it was nearly dark, and quite so when we got to the house at the opposite side - but we could distinguish a figure standing in an expecting attitude, and two white horses - which I concluded to be Mr Henrys - We soon found that the person waiting was Mr Bethune, he assisted us all to land, and then as the darkness made it impossible for us to proceed he proposed that we should have tea and try to make ourselves as comfortable there as we could: he had very kindly come himself with Mr Henrys waggon to escort us to Cobourg, and had poor man been waiting all day for us - nothing could be kinder than he was in trying to have us made comfortable at the Ferry House We were all dreadfully tired and my head ached outrageously so when we had finished our supper of bad tea and good bread - bad butter and cold potatoes we began to arrange about beds The house consisted of three rooms - one large kitchen in which we sat - where were two beds, and two tiny close rooms within, one for the man and woman of the house - the other I found had been prepared for Mrs Strickland and me. The bed seemed clean but the room close to a suffocating degree - I found that Mr Bethune should sleep in one of the beds in the kitchen and Sally and the two children in the other, as in this country you must know it is quite common for men and women to sleep in one room. I changed the arrangement Mrs S and I took the two beds in the kitchen and left the room within for Mr Bethune.

The beds looked clean but had a musty old smell and very soon after I lay down the fleas attacked me so smartly that sleep fled -

There were numerous mice and ["and" crossed out] or squirrels began to ["to" crossed out] rumangging amongst pease and Indian corn in a loft above us, so I don't know what time of the morning I went to sleep. - Probably near two - I was soon wakened by heavy rain which rattled on the shingles as loudly as the mice had rattled the pease - There came thunder and lightening and my heart sank at the idea of spending a whole day in that dreary place without a book or anything to assist in passing the weary hours - Long before daylight appeared Mr Bethune went out to catch the horses - it could not have been more than three o'clock and I felt so lazy that it seemed impossible to rouse myself however after some time Mary said she heard Mr Bethune putting the horses to the waggon - we got up and dressed, and then against my will awoke my poor sleeping children but the waggon was waiting - at ten minutes before four we all tumbled in and off we set - the rain had ceased - the sky was clearing and looked promising: the plains, over which our road lay for the first three miles are pretty & quite like a Park - very pretty little hills and hollows through which the road winds - covered with small scrubby oak trees, and brush wood of wilow and wild roses all in blossom. Then quantities of blue lupins pink ladies slippers - wild geraniums and a pretty scarlet flower whose name I don't know - Our drive would have been delightful except that after we left the plains it became hilly or rather lay, almost entirely down hills, some of which were very steep and ugly, and our horses I found had a habit when ever anyone but Mr Henry himself drove them, of being rather unmanageable, this time, one of them chose stops at the top of every hill and stand for some time and if Mr Bethune let her wait quietly for five or ten minutes she went very well after, but of a long one she would stop every three steps and back and attempt to plunge which rather alarmed me, as I am now quite a coward, I am so little accustomed to going in a carriage; at one long crooked steep hill this mare seemed so cross that I begged to get out - which we all did, but I did not do so again it is so troublesome getting in and out of these waggons - some of which have no steps - A little step ladder is always brought from the house for ladies to get in and out, but on the road became so bad for about a mile that Mr Bethune gave me to understand that I might expect an upset in some of the mud holes which were so deep that the horses sink up to their stomachs in mud, but we got on without any accident and reached Mr Henrys at ten minutes after seven before any of the family were up - I was very glad to have time to arrange my dress, for I was covered with mud and the heat and damp and jolting had taken the curl our of my hair - By eight oclock the usual breakfast hour we were all ready and assembled around kind Mr and Mrs Henrys breakfast table, after sitting some time to rest after breakfast I took the children out shopping as I wanted to procure some necessary articles - shoes and gloves, in order to have them appear neat - but I could not find a single pair of ready made shoes to fit them and I was obliged to appear all the intermediate days in miserable old shoes, which was rather vexatious, but it was unavoidable, and there was no use in fretting. It was so long since I had seen them and my appearance so unexpected that none of the people knew me. When I went to Mr Thorpe about business he looked closely at me, till perceiving he did not know me I mentioned Mr Stewarts name and then he shook hands very coridally and insisted upon my going into visit Mrs Thorpe which I did for a few minutes and found her dressed as neatly as usual in her nice drawing room which always looks as clean and nicely settled and ornamented as if they never used it, but they have no other for sitting or eating in. However they have no children to dirty it and she is one of those neat people who never put any thing out of the way She is extremely civil and stiff - gives very nice parties constantly, does everything herself confectionary - upholstroy needlework and even attends to the shop and does a great deal of business for Mr Thorpe - I found it was nearly one o'clock so I hurried home as fast as possible for I knew it was Mrs Henrys dinner hour and had scarcely time to dress and none to cool myself after dinner we sat quiet it was too hot to go out - some visitors came to call upon me - Mrs Covert and Mr and Mrs Wilcox - Mrs Bethune sent Miss Wilkinson her granddaughter and Mr and Mrs Alex Bethune also Mrs Draper which passed the time till six, Mrs Bethune Miss W and Mrs Draper drank tea and also two very nice little girls of twelve and thirteen Jane and Harriet Rawson with whom I was very glad to have my poor gawkies made acquainted as they are very animated and at the same time nice ladylike children - Next day after breakfast we set out to spend the whole day at Mr Falkners. Three miles from Cobourg - we found poor dear Mrs Falkner looking wretchedly lying on a sofa from which she seemed to rise with some difficulty, she was so weak, they fear she is in a decline but I have since heard that she has been gaining ground so I hope this valuable wife mother and friend may be spared to us a little longer - she had a friend staying with her Mrs Banks, whose family came out last year and to live near Cobourg. She is a fine handsome woman and seems very good natured and has a pretty little girl of twelve years old. Mr Falkner was as agreeable as usual, he had just returned from Niagara and tour through the States with which he seemed highly pleased particularly with the manners of the ladies of Boston, who he says are highly accomplished and cultivated and of retiring delicate manners with which he seemed particularly pleased after being long among the poor Canadian Housekeepers He often speaks with regret of the total want of general conversation at the parties in this country where the gentlemen talk of nothing but cattle and crops mixed with provincial politics and the ladies of servants, housekeeping, nursing and a little local gossip and scandal. I never was so much struck with this myself as during this visit to Cobourg; the same people met almost every evening - the gentlemen always formed a separate party to talk of the approaching elections and of Judge Willis - the Ladies all sat in a row each trying to find out something to say to their next neighbour - We went to these parties at about four or five o'clock and staid till ten or eleven. The heat was most oppressive I think our whole day at Mr Falkners from breakfast time till after tea passed quickly and we had more interchange of ideas than at all the evening parties put together - Well Thursday passed and Friday came - during the morning I kept quiet for the heat was tremendous: at four o'clock we all set out and walked a mile to Mrs Bethunes Senr to tea Her home is the nicest I have seen in this country - we were just (as is usual in this country as is the usual custom here) ["as is usual in this country" crossed out] shown up stairs to a bedroom to take off our bonnets and arrange our dress. This room opened into a very pretty little Boudoir ornamented with all sorts of knicknacks cabinets - paintings flower baskets &c Mrs B was seated in an arm chair nursing her grandchild a pretty little baby of five or six years old ["years old" crossed out] weeks old - very handsomely dressed. - We all then went down to the drawing room where we found the Alexander Bethunes - soon after came the Boswells Coverts and Thorpes - then coffee and tea - Mrs Bethune took me all over her house to show it to me - there are four bedrooms all comfortable and very neatly furnished, handsome callico for windows and beds and pretty paper on the wall neat chests of drawers and dressing tables and good common carpets. The parlour and drawing room have very handsome paper carpets and suitable furniture. The kitchen is a nice large room, airy and without the appearance of a kitchen except a large fireplace and table - all cooking vessels are kept in presses in a small room outside, where there is a pump. Behind the parlour is Mrs Bethunes little storeroom which is quite a baby house - it is small being scarcely than six feet square - is surrounded on three sides with nice white presses a small green table in the middle and the floor carpeted - I mention all these particulars because such neatness and comfort are so very uncommon in this country and because I have never seen anything here so like a good house in our own dear sweet Country and because here if the house has one good sitting room tolerably neatly furnished they think themselves well off, all the rooms have, in general The bedrooms have only a bed and a few shelves and perhaps a Couple of chairs, which are generally borrowed for parlour use on company occasions - but I saw a great improvement on my last visit to Cobourg

Saturday Evening we had tea drinking at Mrs Drapers Sunday one at Mrs Coverts Tuesday one rather more pleasant at Mrs Thorpes, but dreadfully hot - Wednesday morning I was to set off to Rice Lake but I was wakened early by violent thunder and rain - however by ten o'clock it became fine though very hot still and my dear old friend Mr Henry drove me to Rice Lake himself and put me and all my packages into the boat - now the scow - but a small boat which I hired for the occasion I was really very glad to find my self on my way home though very grateful for the kindness I had met with from so many friends - but particularly the ["the" crossed out] the Henry's and J Bethune who was remarkably attentive. He is in general too much engrossed by business to give up much of his time and thought to Ladies - At Rice Lake we dined on cold meat and bread and Sha[ ] which kind Mrs Henry supplied us and at one o'clock took boat to proceed that afternoon to Mr Rubidges - eight miles off We landed at a house on the river side where I left my trunks and proceeded with provision basket and bag with night clothes, children cloaks &c to Mr Rubidges a quarter of a mile in the woods and had oh! such a broiling walk! just at five o'clock too - but we met with a kind reception, I never had such a headache nor was more over come with fatigue and heat - We went to walk by moonlight when I would rather have gone to bed - at last bedtime came and we lay down and I soon began to sleep ["sleep" crossed out] dose though Mrs Rubidge with whom I slept continued talking for a long time, at last she perceived I was going off ["off" crossed out] to sleep -

At a little after four I heard Mr Rubidge calling his boys up - and I thought I had better get up too as I intended being in the boat as early as possible against my entreaties Mrs Rubidge would get up too - and we had breakfast and then set out with each our little bundle Before six we were on the water and had a tedious and tremendously hot passage up the river to Peterborough where we landed about five in the evening.

The children had each taken a little sleep which passed some of the tedious hours for them - I rested for a quarter of an hour at Mrs Tuppers in Peterboro' she asked me to lie down and wait for tea - but I felt so ill that I thought if I lay down I must remain there, so determined to push on to poor dear Douro and still dearer Tom and the chicks, and leave all my parcels in Mr Tuppers care we three set off for "home sweet Home" the prospect of being there so soon actually strengthened me ["me" crossed out] us for our walk and the sight of Tom and his little attendants coming from the garden to meet us was so reviving that every moment we became less tired and after a cup of good tea we were quite gay and well - We found all had gone on prosperously, Tom had written to me to stay till Saturday and therefore did not expect me so soon or he would have met me at Cobourg ["Cobourg" crossed out] Peterboro - but I could stay longer - The children were greatly delighted by these weeks adventures but not so much surprised as I expected -

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[Extracts bound with ribbon]

To C K

Douro July 19th 1832

I suppose my dear friends have ere' this heard that the long dreaded cholera has at last crossed the Atlantic and has carried off several worthy members of Society: amongst them Mr Campbell Sweeney of Montreal, who from our first arrival in Canada shewed us the most unvarying kindness: in nine hours from having in his usual health, he was a corpse. I am told the deseace has got to York which town is very sickly. In Kingston it has been milder. Mrs Foulis and her daughter are now with us The former is a very delightful person, possessing so much pure Christianity and benevolence no one can know her without loving her. She is exceedingly fond of the children and tho' delicate and infirm bears all their noise with the greatest mildness and sweet temper: Takes care of the little ones and teaches them and is kind and useful in many ways, her eldest son is a merchant her other son a farmer. Her daughter is a great friend of Anna's. We are all perfectly well thank God. Anna improving rapidly

This is such a dry summer everything is turning into dust. There is a sad failure in the crops all through the country. We have lost sixteen lambs within a fortnight, but I comfort myself with thinking we shall have less to feed when fodder will I am sure be very scarce.

As I cannot put more into one enclosure now in my letters I must beg of you to thank Uncle Sutton in Toms name and mine for his letter and the statement of our money matters. We are very sorry he cannot allow us to get the money for the saw mill but it can't be helped. It is a sad loss, as there is no telling the profits of a saw mill just at present but perhaps it is all for the best. It often happens and has happened in our own affairs, that what seemed very hard at the time turns out for our good afterwards, I hope my dear Uncle is better I am sure he has his own trials!

I have sent twenty one yards of flannel cloth to the fulling mill, manufactured from our own wool, it is to be dyed olive to make clothes for the old man and boys for next winter, and we are to have another wool wheel and make our own socks and stockings. This sounds grand, does it not? I am sure you think me very notable xxx

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[Extracts bound with ribbon]

To H B July 19th 1832

We have had a nice peaceable pleasant summer, not teased with strangers as formerly there being now two Inns at Peterboro': one of them really a good one and it is constantly filled with fresh inspirations chiefly officers Military and Naval. Peterboro is branching out and spreading wonderfully and is really a very pretty village now that the people are beginning to paint the outside of their houses and have outside blinds painted green. How different it now is from the miserable sketch in Basil Hall's books. I am vexed at his giving such a miserable representation of our Village which even in its infant state, might have looked better had he done it justice Our summer has been generally rather cool, but some days are oppressibley hot and so dry the farmers say the crops are spoiling but they are very discontented people

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[Extracts bound with ribbon]

May you all my dear friends be preserved in this time of danger and death

We, thank God are well and undisturbed here have no fear of going out night or day and never think of lock or bolt or fastening to doors or windows, which often remain open all night

As to the cholera, I have scarcely any fears about it for my friends, and if it comes here it will then be time enough and we have the blessing of an excellent physician in Dr Hutcheson He says some years ago he had several cases under his care in this district of the real Eastern cholera but it did not spread -

We have had some very hot days and this might ["might] crossed out] night violent Thunder lightning and rain, which will cool and refresh as our garden looks beautiful The plum trees are in such glorious blossom. We have four different kind of wild plums domesticated which make excellent tarts and preserves and look very pretty Anna has been busy all day sowing flower seeds which I hope will make my garden look and smell enchantingly in a few weeks: at present a border of purple dwarf Iris looks most glowing and my cowslips are all in bloom: raised from Irish seed, I believe Allenstown - Ellen does not care for flowers, but has a kitchen garden and pristory which she takes great care of and pleasure in She has Melons and cucumbers apples raised from pippins and a nice nursery of little pear trees from the pippins of Swan egg pear which Aunt Sutton sent us from Rochfield. She and Dr Hutcheson have a great rivalship about peach stones which they sowed at the same time xxx

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[to Fanny from her Mother;

no transcription]

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[this transcription is not an actual transcription of #277; it is a partial alternate version of #277; another partial alternate version is located after this version]

[manuscript of a family history and letters by Charles Edward Stewart]

Sent to my Mother on the 18 Nov 1871

She died 24th Feby 1872 / C.E.S.

Mrs. Stewart and her elder sister Mrs. Kirkpatrick, the wife of the worthy and respected Rector of Craigs Antrim, were the only surviving Children of the late Very Revd Francis Browne, Dean of Elphin, son of the Revd William Browne, Vicar of St. Andrews, Dublin, and his wife Frances, eldest daughter of the Venerable Francis Hutchinson Archdeacon od Down and Connor, brother of Dr. Samuel Hutchinson Bishop of Killala, who died in 1780. Ancestor of the present Sir Edward S. Hutchinson, Bart., and of Sir John Synge, Bart.

Her Mother was sister of the late Revd Mungo H. Waller, whose family have resided for more than two centuries at Allenstown, Meath. The present possessor of the Estate is James N. Waller Esq. D.L.C. & Grandson of His Grace Archbishop Newcome. Mrs Stewart was born at the Deanry, Elphin; her father who was Bishop Elect of Waterford, died suddenly in 1796, before entering upon the duties of his Episcopate; His widow, who was in declining health removed shortly after with her eldest sister to Clifton [Bath] England, where she died in 1809.

The Hill of Tara - insulated in a widely surrounding plain, was the scene of a terrible slaughter within sight of the residents of Allenstown House from the Attics of which the family watched the contending parties where four hundred on both sides were killed, many of them escaped and wounded taking refuge in the enclosure of Allenstown.

At different periods, Mrs Stewart spent considerable time, with her relatives Mr and Mrs Edgeworth; one visit in 1804 & 1805 she always has spoken of as one of the most charming events of her early life and of the advantages she received from Mr Edgeworths courses of Literary instruction, as it was his custom to call upon the family to hear and judge of all he and his daughter were writing; the tastes for literature was by this means formed and exercised in a large family. Stories of children exercise the judgements of Children and so on in proportion to their respective ages, all giving their opinions and trying their powers of criticism fearlessly and freely. Miss Edgeworth in the [ ] of all her literary labors, delighted to please those around her. For the amusement of her brothers and sisters she wrote many little plays for their birthdays; in the memoirs of his highly gifted and popular authoress lately published we find Mrs Stewarts name frequently mentioned as taking a part with her cousins in these entertaining and harmless plays at Edgeworthtown.

On the death of Mr Waller she removed from Allenstown with his widow and sister to Dublin and resided with one of the family of her Uncle Dr Beaufort, the father of Mrs Edgeworth, who was so well known to the British public as the author of the best map of Ireland and most valuable memoirs on the Topography Civil and Ecclesiastical State of the Country, he was an Excellent Clergyman and a man of taste and literature. Thus all her early life was passed in the very midst of refinement, talent and Literature.

In 1817, the subject of this narrative married Thos. Alexder Stewart Esq. of Wilmont Antrim whose family (originally from Garlies Wigtownshire) had resided at Ballydraine Co Down from some generations. Owing to serious losses through mismanagement and failure of a near relative and Trustee, who held complete control over considerable Trust and other property of Mr Stewarts, he was forced into several heavy lawsuits in endeavouring to regain his rights so cruelly made away with; this proved to a great extent a fruitless business and he saw that he was not only further involving himself but entailing serious responsibilities on his family. Thus deprived of a Large fortune, he finally made up his mind against the opinions and wishes of his many and attached friends to leave all this cast his lot with his young family in Canada.

On the 1st of June 1822 the good ship "George" sailed from Belfast on board of which were Mr and Mrs Stewart and family, Mr and Mrs Reid and their family, two of three servants and with every imaginable implement, carpenters tools, several tons of hardware, such as nails screws, etc. with every amount of household articles that could be collected together, with a view of commencing a settlement in the back woods. Thus this little band of Pioneers arrived on the 1st August at Quebec after a voyage of nine weeks. They were kindly received by Bishop Mountain the only Protestant Bishop then in Canada. Nothing could exceed the hospitality of this good bishop from whom much valuable information was gained. His death on the 16th June 1825 cast a general gloom over the whole British settlement and so generally beloved and respected was he that the principal Roman Catholic Clergy and City joined in following his remains to the grave. Mrs Stewart remained some days with his Lordships family while preparations were being made for their journey to York [Toronto].

During their progress in open boats from La Chine up the St. Lawrence Mrs Stewart soon began to feel the hardships of a Canadian life; she and her family preferred sleeping on fresh hay, the beds at the inns were so full of vermin, sometimes they even slept on the ground sheltered from the night air by an awning and more than once in their open boats under a heavy dew - She speaks of the farmers with great gratitude when each [time] she stopped at their homes she was received with the kindest hospitality, and her children plentifully supplied with milk and good bread. Throughout her journal and in all her letters, there is the most amiable disposition to make the best of everything and to enjoy whatever little comfort she could find in her situation without looking back on her former very different life.

After remaining some weeks at York negotiating with government for a grant of land, they finally decided upon going into the New Castle District, north of Lake Ontario, with this object they set out in October and settled at Cobourg as a temporary residence while a house was building for them on the land they had obtained.

We here give a few extracts of some of Mrs Stewarts published letters written at this date which are very interesting as descriptions of the Country. The dwellings and mode of travelling and as giving a stricking contrast to the present development of these rich and beautiful countries: - She describes her house thus - Cobourg Oct 30th 1822

There are three rooms on the ground floor and four above, but they are so small they are like little closets; we continue however to squeeze into them, and though we shall be here two months, we can easily reconcile ourselves to these little inconveniences. There is a nice grassy place in front of the house it is paled in and the Children can play in it with safety: - that is one great comfort, we found some boards in the barn and Mr Stewart whose old taste as an amateur mechanic are now very useful, has made temporary shelves and tables of them. We have at present neither table chairs nor bedstead, the carriage of these articles was too expensive for us; but we have screws and all things ready to make them when we are settled in our Loghouse, for which I long as ardently as if it was a place - Our bedrooms have no doors, but we hang up blankets, which answer the purpose, Fortunately we have plenty of these, and the air is so dry that we do not suffer from the cold, though the nights are frosty and not a fireplace in the house except in the kitchen. The frost had given the land a grey look, instead of the beautiful orange autumn tints they had before.

Four years ago there were but two houses here; now it is a nice thriving Town with a neat Church, a large School House and some very good shops or stores as they are called; and the houses are in general very neat.

Cobourg Jany 1st 23

We have been detained here longer than we intended; first by the illness of my eldest girl, and next waiting for snow to make the roads fit for travelling; at present they are in such a state of roughness from the hard frost after the heavy rains of last month, that the jolting of either cart of waggon could not be borne. There are no covered carriages here. They are very roughly made with two seats placed across one before the other and have rather an odd appearance for gentlemens carriages.

This New Year's day I hope you are all as well and as happy as I am; and I am sure it will give you pleasure to know my beloved friends that we could indulge ourselves by going to Church on Christmas day, and receiving the Sacrement. Do not imagine that in this banishment, as I fear you still consider it, these duties are neglected; far from it; we have a Church near us, and I thank God the inclination to make use of it.

Loghouse Feby 24th/23

Here we are at last; and though we must bear a good deal of inconvenience for some time, yet we feel all the enjoyment of being really at home.

On Monday morning Feb 10th we left Cobourg. Mr Stewart and I on one seat, with a little girl between us; the maid and the other two children on the seat before us, and our charioteer in front. We had blankets and cloaks to roll about our feet, and a basket of cold meat and bread. Another sleigh carried our bedding, trunks and luggage, besides baskets of poultry and our two dogs.

We travelled twenty miles that day very pleasantly; passing through miles and miles of forest. I was delighted with this new scene, every now and then we came to small clearings with log houses, and generally with a good stock of cattle and poultry.

At four oclock we reaches the inn; and we passed the night there very comfortably sleeping on the floor in the sitting room, where we spread our mattresses and blankets. Next day our road lay through thick woods; Indeed it scarcely deserved that name for it was merely a track through the snow where other sleighs had lately passed. We turned backwards and forwards through the crowded trees, and often had showers of snow from the branches which our heads touched. The boughs of the beautiful hemlock pine were so loaded with it, and bent down so low, that we were obliged to lie down to pass under them; and twice we were obliged to stop and cut a passage where trees had fallen across the way. We drove for nine miles through the woods without seeing any habitation, except two Indian huts.

When we arrived at the banks of the river near the Mills, we found that the ice had given away, so that the sleighs could not cross; and the Millers boat could not ply, because there was still a broad border on each side of the river. We sent a man across to beg of our friend Mr [ ] who was settled there, to send his oxen and sleigh to a part of the River called the little Lake, two miles lower down and we determined to walk across.

This delay was very embarrassing, but our travels were nearly at an end, and that gave us spirits to go forward with vigour through the snow which came above our ankles. The friends who came from the opposite side to meet us, carried the two youngest children; the workmen carried our bedding, and everything else we left at the mill. With this assistance we contrived to cross and being soon packed into the sleigh, we proceeded in the shades of evening to our home, through nearly five miles of wood. Our Loghouse was quite illuminated by the glare of the fires which had been prepared for us, and even had there been no fires we should have been warmed by the joy our friends showed at seeing us here. The house was not quite finished, and we found it rather cold at night; but every day since we have made it more and more comfortable. Our books fill up one side of the parlour and give it a comfortable look; and as it has two windows one to the south and one to the west we have now the delightful warm sun shining in from ten till past five.

This is really a pretty spot - even now, though the ground is covered with snow. The river is broad and rushes by with great noise and rapidity, carrying lumps of ice from the Lake; it widens beautifully and the banks are fringed with fine spreading cedars and lofty hemlock pines.

We have been most prosperous in everything, voyage, journey, and health; and when I look back and think of all we have gone through since you and I parted, I cannot help feeling surprise, mixed with gratitude to that Merciful Being, who has watched over us and protected us all -

Loghouse April 5th

You cannot scarcely conceive, when I saw your handwriting, the thrill of delight it gave me - Your letter was a real feast - I could not sleep that night, from the fulness of my head and heart -

The snow I am told, continues later this year than usual; in some places it was three feet deep, and is still deep though it has gone off rapidly within the last fortnight, as it thaws a little every day, while the sun is hot -

The buds are all swelling, and I have heard one or two new birds of late - but they stay up in the high trees and I have not been able to see them

We have numbers of dear little tomtits, and some sparrows & crows. I used to dispise all these at home; but here I delight in them, they are like old acquaintances, when we first came here, I heard an eagle very often but he has deserted us -

I am surprised at the nice green herbage that is under the snow; by which, and the decayed leaves, it has been preserved from the frost. The children bring in plants every day; The mosses and lichens are all quite new to me - The deep snow has delayed the clearing of our land; next week we are to have five men here to cut down trees, choppers as they are called; we have one at present and it is astonishing with what dexterity and speed he fells the huge hemlock pines, nearly one hundred fee high. It is almost sublime to see them stoop their dark heads slowly, and then fall, very gradually at first, but soon increasing in rapidity - tearing off the neighbouring branches, shaking all the other trees and coming down with a crash that makes the whole forest echo the sound - The Americans from the United States are employed to chop - as they are more expert than people from the old country and can make the trees the precise direction they choose in felling. There are some families here who for the first six months had no food of any kind, except salt pork for breakfast dinner and supper, and without even bread; we have good bread and peas and sometimes turnips with excellent milk - we brought barley and rice with us, and the arrowroot that you gave me is a great comfort to the Children; - I never saw them more healthy creatures -

May 2d

Last week we were busily engaged in burning the fallen trees, which covered the surface of the ground that we had cleared.

The branches were first piled up and burned, then the great stems, which had been cut into pieces about twelve feet long, were drawn together by the oxen, with much labour raised into piles, and set on fire. This was a very dangerous operation, for some of them were very near our wooden house, and the whole surface of the ground is combustible, as for several inches depth it is composed of leaves and bark and looks like a bed of peat earth. When this takes fire the flames rapidly spread and are very difficult to distinguish, but we are now safe. -

The Indians sometimes walk into our house but they are harmless and inoffensive and ask only for whisky which they like better than anything else. They bring baskets and little bowls and dishes made of the bark of the birch tree and are glad to sell them for spirits, flour or pork. They came down the river in their canoes and can paddle them across the rapids just opposite this house, where no European could venture in a boat.

June 5th

Our first spring flowers were hepaticas, which actually carpeted the ground as daisies do at home; they were single but very large, blue, pink and white. We had the pretty yellow dogtooth violets in profussion, then white and crimson lilies, both of them handsome, but with an odious smell. There was another very elegant plant with leaf like frumitory, the root a collection of reddish bulbs and the flowers something like a butterfly orchid. - We have now an abundance of yellow, white and purple violets, but the white only have a sweet smell. There is also a beautiful yellow ladies slipper and numerous other flowers which I may describe some other time. Our shrubs are leatherwood, cranberry, dogberry, Alpine honey suckle without scent and syringa. The trees are [ ], maple, oak, beech, cedar, hemlock pine, hickory and lime. The oak grows tall and straight in these forests. I spend what time I can spare in examining the trees and plants that are new to me - We have a great deal of the moss or rather tillandsis about which you inquired; it hangs from almost every tree, and we saw it in quantities along the banks of the St. Lawrence before we reached Quebec. The Captain of our vessel told us it was used in the States to stuff beds, and that he had carried some home to his wife for that purpose. -

July 1st

I must give you a sketch of the manner in which we pass our time. Mr Stewart goes out at five and returns to breakfast at seven; he then works at his farm space till twelve, when dinner is ready, after which he rests sometimes, and again works till eight, when I summon him to coffee

Household cares and preparations occupy me all the morning and teaching the Children, and working for them the rest of the day - after they go to bed I have a nice hour for reading or writing.

It is the custom for ladies in this country to dress in the morning very plainly, and suited to the hard work in which we must all take part; after dinner they put on silk gowns and smart caps and either go out to pay visits or stay at home to receive them. But we live in such perfect solitude in these woods, that we have no neighbours to go to, or to expect here. We are going on as yet in smiling prospects and doing something every day that tends to our comfort but we are only early [ ] visions which I do not encourage. Yet I cannot help praying that we may be permitted to meet again in a few years. I fear setting my heart too much on this, but I trust to the support of providence until every disappointment, and under every trial. Trials we must have in all places still more in these dreary woods -

In the Autumn of our first year in Douro our youngest little girl of not quite two years old was seized with Dysentry. I was quite ignorant of the disease and there was no Doctor within reach - The nearest being Dr Hutcheson who then resided in Cavan, a good many miles distant. We had as yet no canoe on the River and were often depending on a chance visit of the Indians for a passage to the other side. One of our hired men, a faithful Highlander, seeing how very ill our darling was volunteered to swim across the rapid stream and walk through the woods to the Doctor, promising that if I wrote the particulars, he would bring the necessary medicines. He started early in the morning of a cold October day and returned about midnight with some powders, and a message that the Doctor would come up on the following day - But no improvement and the day passed in great anxiety for the Doctor did not arrive.

On the third day he came having left at the promised time, but lost his way in the woods and hence the delay. The next day she appeared more lively, but refused to take the arrowroot and sayo which I offered her. She asked for bread and of this we had none fit to give her, having for sometime been unable to procure good flour. It was a bitter trial not to have what she seemed to crave for.

The next day she fell into a stupor and towards midnight her angel spirit passed away to the immortal Land." On the 27th October we assembled together the whole of the Settlement, including the six Highlanders employed in clearing the land, in all numbering twenty seven souls. The only Christian inhabitants in that vast forest stretching for thousands of miles unbroken East and North of the Otonabee and the Little Lake to follow to the grave the youngest and most endearing of the little band of Pilgrims who had arrived on the shores of the Ontario the previous year: The spot selected as the last resting place lay midway between Mr Stewarts [ ] being consigned to the earth, was powerless to restrain the outpouring of his noble and swelling heart. Deep and lasting the memory of that day sank into the hearts of all who joined in the beautiful and touching burial service of the Church of England, heard for the first time in the midst of the little band of pioneers who founded the settlement in that vast wilderness - No hallowed spot was ever dedicated with more beautiful prayers than where little Bessy was laid beneath those noble hemlock trees.

(Returned to me by my sister Bessie CES on the 24th July 1872)


Charles E Stewart

10 Alfred Road

Acton London England


[ ] promised time, but lost his way in the


* His Mother Maria Newcome eldest daughter of Primate Newcome - I was born in Dublin - Marlborought Street 27th May 1794 -

Mrs Browne

her eldest sister Susan Noble had devoted the best part of her life & prospects to the care of this now helpless sister - the eldest daughter Catharine was left under the care of her Aunt Mrs Sutton at Ballina in Ireland Co Mayo - and in 1801 was taken to join her Mother at Bath where she was kindly adopted by her Aunt & Uncle Revr Thos Sutton at that time returning to Ireland where he was appointed to the Rectory of Clogill Co Meath - & where her Aunt Miss Nobel also resided. Fanny Browne was adopted by her Grand Uncle Robert Waller Esq of Allenstown on the death of her father when only 2 ½ years old - In 1800 it was necessary for Mr Waller to go to London on some Business - & as Mrs Wallers health required change the whole family went to England for one year - & Fanny Browne during that time remained at Collon under the care of her Grant Aunt Beaufort & Revd Dr. Beaufort Rector of Collon - Dr Beaufort was a man of extensive taste & knowledge - most refined manners & peculiary engaging deportment - her her tastes were first formed in Music - drawing & general Literature besides being the only six years old - introduced into the best society - as a person taken notice of by all the visitors - & was frequently invited to accompany her Aunt in spending evenings with Lady Ferrard (wife of the Honble John Foster afterwards Lord Oriel) & her daughter who afterwards married the 1st Lord Dufferin - Lady Florence Balfour also was a visitor at Collon who kindly took notice of "little Fanny" -

After the return of the Allenstown family FB was taken charge of by her cousin Miss Beaufort who from that time till Mrs Stewarts marriage was her constant kind instructress & steady faithful friend till her death in 1865

*this part shd come in where Dr Beaufort is first mentioned - page 1 - my addition FB

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[this transcription is not an actual transcription of #277; it is a partial alternate version of #277; another partial alternate version is located immediately before this version]

[this version appears to be a draft of Our Forest Home]

Mrs Stewart and Mrs Kirkpatrick, her eldest sister & the wife of the worthy & respected Rector of Craigs Antrim were the only surviving children of the Late Very Revd Francis Browne Dean of Elphin - Son of the Revd William Browne Vicar of St Andrews Dublin and his wife Frances eldest daughter of the Venerable Francis Hutchinson Archdeacon of Down & Connor - brother of Doctor Samuel Hutchinson Bishop of Killala who died in 1780 ancestor of the present Sir Edward S. Hutchinson Bart. & of Sir John Synge Bart. Her mother was sister of the Late Revd Mungo H Waller whose family have resided for more than two centuries Allenstown-Meath, the present possessor of the Estate is James Waller, Esq D L C. His Mother Maria Newcome eldest daughter of Primate Newcome

Mrs Stewart was born in Dublin Marlborough Street 24th May 1794, her Father who was Bishop Elect of Waterford died suddenly in 1796. Before entering upon the duties of his Episcopall, his widow who was in declining health removed shortly after this sad event with her eldest Sister to Bath England where she died in 1809. Mrs Brownes eldest sister Susan Noble, had devoted the best part of her life & prospects to this now helpless sister - the eldest daughter Catherine was left under the care of her Aunt Sutton at Ballina in Ireland Co Mayo & in 1801 was taken to join her Mother in Bath where she remained till after her Mothers death, when she was kindly adopted by her Aunt & Uncle Revd Thomas Sutton - at that time returning to Ireland where he was appointed to the Rectory of Clongill Co Meath & where her Aunt Miss Noble also resided, - Fanny Browne was adopted by her Grand Uncle Robert Waller Esqr of Allenstown on the death of her Father when only 2 ½ years old - Thus early bereaved of both parents she remained with her Uncles family at Allenstown where many of her earliest recollections were formed & some of the alarming events of the Great Rebellion impossed upon her mind ***

* In 1800 it was necessary for Mr Waller to go to London on some business & as Mrs Wallers health required change the whole family went to England for one year & Fanny Browne during that time remained at Collon under the care of her Great Aunt Mrs Beaufort & Revd Doctor Beaufort Rector of Collon. Dr Beaufort was a Man of extensive taste & knowledge, most refined manners, & particularly engaging deportment, here her tastes were first formed in Music drawing - & general Literature - the best Society - as she was taken notice of by all the visitors - & was frequently invited to accompany her Aunt in spending evenings with Lady Furrow - (Wife of the Honble Joh Foster afterwoard Lord Oriel) & her daughter who afterwards married the 1st Lord Dufferin - Lady Florence Balfour also was a visitor at Collon who kindly took notice of "little Fanny" - After the return of the Allenstown family F B was taken charge of by her cousin Miss Beaufort who from that time till Mrs Stewarts marriage was her constant kind instructress & steady faithful friend till her death - in 1865 -

*** The Hill of Tara - inculated in a widely surrounding plain, was the scene of a trouble slaughter within sight of the Allenstown House from the attics of which the family watched the movements of the contending parties where 4 hundred on both sides were killed many of the escaped & wounded taking refuge in the enclosures around Allenstown

On the death of Mr Waller she removed from Allenstown with his widow & sister to Dublin & resided with one of the family of her Uncle Dr Beaufort (the father of Mrs Edgeworth) who was so well known to the British public as the Author of the Map of Ireland & most valuable Memories on the Topography, Civil and Ecclessosticol state of the country, he was an excellent Clergyman & a Man of Taste & Literature - Thus all her early life was passed in the midst of refinement

At different periods Mrs Stewart spent considerable with her relations, Mr & Mrs Edgeworth one visit in 1804 & 1805 she has always spoken of as the most charming events of her early life & of the advantages she received from Mr Edgeworths course of literary instructions, as it was his custom to call upon all the family to hear & judge of all he & his daughter were writing, the taste for Literature was by this means formed & exercised in a large family; Stories of children exercised the judgement of children, & so on in proportion to their [ ] ages all giving their opinions & trying their power of criticism fearlessly & freely, Miss Edgeworth in their midst of all her literary labors delighted to please those around her for the amusement of her brothers & sisters she wrote many little plays for their birthdays: in the memoire this highly gifted & popular Authoress lately published we find Mrs Stewarts name frequently mentioned as taking part with her cousins & their entertaining & harmless plays at Edgeworthtown

In 1816 the subject of this narrative married Thos Alexder Stewart Esqre of Wilmont Antrim whose family (originally from [ ]) had resided at Ballydraine Co Down for generations, owing to serious losses through mismanagement of a near relation & Trustee who had complete control over considerable Interest & other property of Mr Stewarts, he was forced into several heavy Lawsuits in endeavouring to gain his rights - so cruelly made away with, this proved to a great extent a fruitless business, & he saw that he was not only further involving himself, but entailing serious responsibilities on his family. Thus deprived of a large fortune, he finally made up his mind against the opinion & wishes of his many & attached friends, to leave all & cast his lot with his young family in Canada.

On the 1st June 1822 good ship "George" - sailed from Belfast on board of which were Mr & Mrs Stewart & family Mr & Mrs Reid & family, two or three servants & with every imaginable farming implement carpenters tools several tons of hardware, such as Nails, screws &c &c with any amount of household articles that could be collected together, with a view of commencing a settlement in the backwoods, this little Band of Pioneers arrived on the 1st August at Quebec after a voyage of 9 weeks. They were kindly received by Bishop Mountain, the only Protestant Bishop in Canada. Nothing could exceed the hospitality of this good Bishop from whom much valuable information was obtained. His death on the 15th June 1828 cast a general gloom over the whole British Settlement, & so generally beloved was he that the principle Roman Catholic Clergy citizens joined in following his remains to the grave

During their progress in open boats from LaChine up the St. Lawrence, Mrs Stewart soon began to feel the hardships of a Canadian life, she & her family generally preferred on fresh hay, the beds at the Inns were so full of vermin, sometimes they even slept on the ground & sheltered from the night air by an awning, & more than once in their open boats under a heavy dew - She speaks of the farmers with great gratitude whenever she stopped at - their houses she was received into with the greatest kindness & hospitality, & her children plentifully supplied with milk & good bread. Throughout her Journal & in all her letters, there is the most amiable disposition to make the best of every thing, & to enjoy whatever little comfort she could find in her situation without looking back on her former very different life -

After remaining some weeks at York negociating with Government for a grant of land, they finally decided to go into the New Castle District, North of Lake Ontario, with this object they set out in October & settled at Cobourg as a tempory residence while a house was building for them on the land they had obtained.

We here give a few extracts of some of Mrs Stewarts published letters, written at this date, which are very interesting, as descriptions of the country the dwelling & mode of travelling, and as giving a stricking contrast to the present development of these rich & beautiful countries - She describes her house thus

Cobourg Oct 30th 1822

"There are three rooms on the ground floor, & four above but they are so small they are like little closets; we continue however to squeexe into them, & though we shall be here two months, we can easily reconcile ourselves to these little inconveniences, there is a nice grassy place in front of the house & the children can play in it with safety, that is one great comfort; we found boards in the barn & Mr Stewart whose old taste as an amateur mechanic are now very useful has made tempory shelves & tables of them, we have at present neither table chair - or bedstead, the carriage of these articles was too expensive for us, but we have screws & all things ready to make them when we are settled in our Loghouse for which I long as ardently as if it was a Palace - our bedrooms have no doors but we hang up blankets which answer the purpose Fortunately we have plenty of these & the air is so dry that we do not suffer from the cold though the nights are frosty, & not a fireplace in the house except in the Kitchen. The frost has given the woods a gray look instead of the beautiful autumnal tints they had before.

Some years ago there were but two houses here now it is a nice thriving town, with a near Church a large school house, & some very good shops or stores as they are called & the houses in general are very neat.

Cobourg Jany 1st 1823.

"We have been detained here longer than we intended first by the illness of my eldest girl, & next waiting for snow, to make the roads fit for travelling; at present they are in such a state of roughness from the hard frost after the heavy rains of last month that the jolting of either cart of waggon could not be borne, there is no covered carriage here They are very roughly made with two seats, placed across one before the other, & have an odd appearance for gentlemans carriages.

This New Years day I hope you are as well & as happy as I am & I am sure it will give you pleasure to know my beloved friends that we could indulge ourselves by going to Church on Christmas day & receiving the sacrement. Do not imagine that in this banishment as I fear you still consider it, these duties are neglected far from it, we have a Church near us & I thank God the inclination to use it -

Loghouse Feby 24th 1823

"here we are at last, & though we must bear a good deal of inconvenience for some time, yet we feel all the enjoyment of being really at home. On Monday morning Feb. 10th we left Cobourg, Mr Stewart & I on one seat with a little girl between us. The maid & the other two children on the seat before us & our charioteer in front, we had blankets & cloaks to roll about our feet & a basket of cold meat & bread and the sligh carried our bedding trunks & baggage besides a basket of poultry & our two dogs.

We travelled twenty miles that day very pleasantly passing through miles & miles of forest. I was delighted with the new scene, every now & then we came to small clearings with loghouses & generally with a good stock of cattle & poultry. At four oClock we reached the Inn & we passed the night there very comfortably sleeping on the floor in the sitting room where we opened our Mattresses & blankets. Next day our road lay through thick woods, indeed it scarcely deserved that name, for it was merely a track through the snow, where other slighs had lately passed, we [ ] backwards & forwards through the crowded trees, & often had showers of snow from the branches, which our heads touched, the boughs of these beautiful Henlock pine were so loaded with it & bent down so low, that we were obliged to lie down to pass under them, & twice we were obliged to stop, & cut a passage where trees had fallen across the way; we drove for nine miles through the woods without seeing any habitation except two Indian huts, -

When we arrived at the Banks of the river, near the Mills, we found that the ice had given way, so that the sleighs could not cross; & the Millers boat could not ply because there was still a border of ice on each side of the river, we sent a man across to beg our friend Mr Reid who was settled there to send his oxen & sleigh to a part of the river called the "Little Lake" two miles lower down & we determined to walk across.

This delay was very embarrassing but our travels were nearly at an end & that gave us spirits to proceed with vigor through the snow which came above our ankles. The friends who came from the opposite side to meet us carried the two youngest children: the workmen carried our bedding & every thing else was left at the mills, with this assistance we continued to cross, & being soon packed into the sligh we proceeded in the shade of the evening to our home, through nearly 5 miles of wood, our Loghouse was quite illuminated by the glare of the fires, which had been prepared for us, & even had there been no fire, we should have been warmed by the joy our friends showed at seeing us here - The house was not quite finished, & we found it rather cold at night but every day since we have made it more & comfortable - our books pile up one side of the two parlors & gives it a comfortable look, & as it has two windows - one to the south & one to the west we have now the delightful warm sun shining in from ten till past five.

This is really a pretty spot, even now though the ground is covered with snow. The river is broad & rushes by with great noise & rapidity carrying down humps of ice from the Lakes, it winds beautifully & the banks are findered with fine spreading cedars & lofty Hemlock pine We have been most prosperous in every thing voyage journey & health, & when I look back & think of all we have gone through since you & I parted I cannot help feeling surprose mixed with gratitude to that Merciful Being who has watched over us & protected us all -

Loghouse April 15 1823

"You can scarcely conceive when I saw your handwriting the thrill of delight it gave me - your letter was read first, I could not sleep that night, from the fullness of my head & heart

The snow I am told continues later this year than usual; in some places it was gone off rapidly within the last fortnight, as it thaws a little every day while the sun is hot. - The buds are all swelling & I have heard one or two new birds of late. They sing up in the high trees & I have not been able to see them. We have numbers of dear little tomtits & some sparrows & crows. I used to dispise all these at home, but here I delight in them. they are like old aquaintain. When we first came here we heard an Eagle very often, but he has deserted us. -

I am surprised at the nice green herbage that is under the snow, by the which & the decayed leaves it has been preserved from the frost, the children bring plants every day. The mosses & lichens are all quite new to me - The deep snow has much delayed the clearing of our land, next week we are to have five men here to cut down trees - choppers as they are called we have one at present & it is astonishing with what dexterity he fells these huge hemlock pines nearly one hundred feet high.

It is almost sublime to see them stoop their thin dark heads slowly & then fall; very gradually at first but soon increasing in rapidity - tearing off neighbouring branches shaking all the other trees, & coming down with a crash that makes the whole forest echo the sound.

The Americans from the United Sates are employed to [ ] as they are more expert, than people from the old country& can make the trees take the precise direction they choose in falling -

There are some families here, who for the first six months had no food of any kind, except salt pork for breakfast dinner & supper, without even bread, we have good bread & peas, & some times turnips, & excellent milk. We brought Barley & rice with us, & the arrowroot you gave me is a great comfort to the children. I never saw them more healthy creatures -

May 2d

"Last week we were busily engaged in burning the fallow, trees which covered the surface of the ground that we had cleared. The branches were first piled up & burned, then the great stems which had been cut into pieces about twelve feet long were drawn together by the oxen, & with much labor raised into piles & set on fire. This was a very dangerous operation for some of them were very near our windows house & the whole surface of the ground is combustible as for several inches deep it is composed leaves & bark & looks like a bed of peat earth. When this takes fire, the flames rapidly spread & are very difficult to extinguish; but we are now safe.

The Indians sometimes walk into the house but they are harmless & inoffensive & ask only for whiskey They like better than anything else, they bring baskets & little bowls & dishes, made of the bark of the Birch tree & are glad to sell them for spirits, flour or pork, they come down the river in their canoes & can paddle them across the rapids jut opposite this house, where no European could venture in a boat

June 5

"Our first spring flowers are hepaticas, which already carpeted the ground as daisies do at home, they were singly but bery large, Blue, and white. We had the pretty Dogtooth violets in profusion, then white & crimson Lillies; both of these handsome, but with an odious smell. There was another very elegant plant with leaf like fumitory, the roots a collection of reddish bulbs, & the flowers something like a butterfly ochis - We have now an abundance of yellow white & purple violets, but the white only have a sweet smell. There is also a beautiful Ladies slipper & numerous other flowers which I may describe some other time. Our shrubs are Leatherwood cranberry Dogberry alpine honey suckle without scent, & syringia. The trees are Elm Maple, Oak black cedar, hemlock pine hiccory & lime. The oak grows tall & straight in these forests. I spend what time I can in examining the trees & plants that are new to me. We have also a great deal of the moss or rather of the tillansia about which you enquired, it hangs from almost every tree, & we saw it in quantities along the banks of the St. Lawrence before we reached Quebec. The Captain of our vessel told us it was used in the States to stuff beds & that he had carried some home for that purpose

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