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Abbott, Charles D.
(1900-61) A graduate of Oxford, where he had been a Rhodes Scholar, Abbott was Professor of English and Director of Libraries at the University of Buffalo, where he established the Contemporary Manuscripts Collection of manuscripts and correspondence from hundreds of twentieth century writers.

Abbott, Theresa [Teresa (sic), Tressa (sic)]
The wife of Charles D. Abbott.

Adams, J. Donald
A journalist with the New York Times, and in 1945 editor of the New York Times Book Review.

Adaskin, Murray
(1906-2002) Adaskin was a Toronto-born musician and conductor. He was a violinist with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra from 1923 to 1936, and went on to become Head of the Department of Music at the University of Saskatchewan (1952-66).

Adele [Dilly]
A friend of Claire Pratt.

Adeney, Marcus
(1900-98) Born in England, Adeney was a member of the Faculty of Music at the University of Toronto. He was a cellist with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra (1928-1944), a member of the Solway String Quartet (1948-1958) and the CBC Symphony Orchestra (1952-1963). He published verse, reviews, and articles on music and literature, and one book, Tomorrow's Cellist: Exploring the Basis of Artistry (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1973; Oakville, ON: Harris Music Co., 1984).

Agazarian, Yvonne
Chief editor of pm magazine.

Aldwinkle, Eric
(1909-80) Aldwinkle came to Canada in 1922 and was a graphic designer, printmaker, painter, and illustrator. He had been a war artist with the RCAF and was a designer of medals and seals whose work included the Great Seal of Canada.

Alexander, Henry
(b. 1892) Born in England, educated at Liverpool and Oxford Universities, Alexander joined the English Department at Queen's in 1922, becoming Head of Department in 1949. A specialist in linguistics, he published The Story of Our Language (New York: T. Nelson and Sons, 1940), several translations from other languages, and contributed to The Canadian Dictionary: French-English, English-French (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1962).

Alexander, Jane (Peck)
A friend of Claire Pratt in Boston.

Alexander, William John
(1855-1944) Born in Hamilton, graduate of the University of London and Johns Hopkins, Alexander was Professor of English and Head of the Department of English Literature at University College from 1889 to 1926. The Alexander Lecture Series was begun in his honour in 1929-30.

Alford, E.J.G.
(b. 1890) Born in England, Alford was Professor of Fine Arts at the University of Toronto from 1934 to 1945. In 1945 he joined the Rhode Island School of Design.


Allen, Ethel
A college friend of Claire Pratt.

Allen, Ted [Tom Allan (sic)]
The pseudonym of journalist, novelist, playwright and broadcaster Allan Herman (1916-65). Allen served in the International Brigade in the Spanish Civil War and with Dr. Norman Bethune's blood-transfusion unit. He is best known as co-author with Sydney Gordon of The Scalpel, the Sword: The Story of Doctor Norman Bethune (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1952).

Alty, Thomas
The student minister who succeeded Pratt at Bell Island when he left to attend Victoria College in Toronto in 1907.

A college friend of Claire Pratt who lived with the Pratts until Christmas of 1944.

Anderson, Fulton H. [Andy]
(1895-1968) Professor of Philosophy at the University of Toronto.

Anderson, Patrick
(1915-79) Author of several small books of verse, Anderson is best known for his association with the Montreal-based avant-garde poetry magazine Preview (1942-6). The Preview group of poets included Anderson, F.R. Scott, P.K. Page, Bruce Ruddick, and Neufville Shaw.

Andrew, Geoffrey Clement
(1906-87) A graduate of Dalhousie and Oxford Universities, Andrew was a professor of English and Executive Assistant to the President of the University of British Columbia.

Angell, James Rowland
(1869-1949) American psychologist and educator closely associated with functional psychology. He served as President of Yale University from 1921 to 1937.

Angus, William
Director of Queen's University Drama Guild from 1938-1963.

Appleton, Frank
A Canadian publisher, whose company, Appleton-Century, represented Penguin Books in Canada. In 1943, Penguin Books published the Anthology of Canadian Poetry (English), edited by Ralph Gustafson.

Archer, Thomas
Archer was a music critic who wrote for the Montreal papers and occasionally in broadcast media. He alternated hosting the CBC series devoted to critiquing radio programs called The Listener Speaks with playwright John Coulter.

Archibald, Harry
(1883-1969) A graduate of McGill University, Archibald was a businessman in Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, and subsequently its mayor. He was the uncle of Mary, wife of Pratt's nephew Calvert.

Archibald, Rosamond
(1882-1953) Graduate of Acadia University and Smith College (Massachusetts), Archibald was Head of English at Acadia Seminary (1914-26) and Horton Academy (1926-47). She published several English language texts.

Arthur, Eric
(1898-1982) Born in New Zealand and educated in England, Arthur was Professor of Architectural Design at the University of Toronto and a member of the architectural firm, Fleury, Arthur, and Calvert.

Arthur, Paul
Son of Eric Arthur, and a member of the editorial board of the small magazine Here and Now (December 1947-June 1949).

Earl of Athlone
Alexander Cambridge, first Earl of Athlone (1874-1957) was married to Princess Alice, a grand-daughter of Queen Victoria. He served as Governor General of Canada from 1940 to 1946.

Atkinson, Brooks
Celebrated New York critic, mainly of dramatic productions.

Auden, W.H. (Wystan Hugh)
(1907-73) British poet but an American citizen and living in the United States.

Auger, Charles E.
(1880-1935) A graduate of Victoria College and the University of Chicago; an associate professor of English at Victoria College.

Auger, Mrs.
Wife and widow of Charles Auger.

Austin, Dorothy
One of Claire Pratt's art teachers, along with Payne.

Austin, Dr. L.J.
Professor of Surgery at Queen's University for many years. He was a neighbour of the Cartwrights (152 University Avenue) with whom Pratt lodged when teaching Summer School.

Austin, Margaret
Sister of Dr. L.J. Austin, described as 'the only woman in the world who could walk down the street holding two dogs on a leash, knit a sweater, and read a book all at the same time, and know all that was going on about her.' (Herbert Hamilton, Queen's! Queen's! Queens [Kingston: Alumni Association of Queens University, 1977] p. 63).

Avison, Margaret
(1918-2007) Avison attended Victoria College between 1936 and 1940, returning for graduate studies in 1963. Her first book of poems, Winter Sun (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1960) won the Governor General's Award. She published several more volumes, The Dumbfounding (New York: Norton, 1966), The Cosmic Chef (Ottawa: Oberon Press, 1970), Sunblue (1978), No Time (1989), A Kind of Perseverance (1994) and Not yet but still (1997) with Lancelot Press (Hantsport, NS). She won a second Governor General's award for poetry for No Time and in 2003 won the Griffin Poetry Prize for Concrete and Wild Carrot (London, ON: Brick Books, 2002).

Ayre, Robert Hugh
(1900-80) Born in rural Manitoba, Ayre was an art critic who wrote for the Montreal Gazette (1935-37) the Standard (1938-42), and the Star (from 1950).


Baillie, John [John Bailey (sic)]
(1881-1963) A Scots theologian who taught at Victoria College in the 1920s, author of several major works on theology.

Ball, Ida [née Oldman]
A classmate of Viola Pratt, married to Stanley Ball.

Bannerman, Glen
A former student of Pratt who worked in advertising in Toronto and later the Federal Government.

Barber, F. Louis
Reverend and Librarian at Victoria College, Toronto.

Barker, Arthur
Professor and Head of English, Trinity College, Toronto.

Barker, George
(1913-91) An English poet, among the most successful and influential writing in the modern idiom and using the new techniques.

Barkway, Michael
(b. 1911) Editor of the BBC Overseas News 1938-42. After service in the United States, he was appointed BBC representative in Canada. He was later editor of the Financial Times.

Barlow, Judge Frederick H.
Educated at the University of Toronto and Osgoode Hall, Barlow was a judge of the Supreme Court of Ontario from 1942 to 1961.

Barnard, Leslie Gordon
(1890-1961) A Montreal writer, author of several volumes of short stories including One Generation Away (New York: Holborn House, 1931) and So Near is Grandeur (Toronto: Macmillan, 1945), and novels Jancis (Toronto: Macmillan, 1935) and Winter Road (serialized in Canadian Home Journal 1939). A long-time member of the CAA, he was National President in 1937-39.

Barr, Robert Allan [Alan (sic)]
(1890-1959) Born in Chiswick, England, Barr was a Toronto artist, best known for his portraits, still lifes, and landscapes. In 1943-44, he taught at the Ontario College of Art.

Barry, Lily
Lily Barry, Christine Henderson, and Dorothy Sproule were members of the Montreal Branch of the CAA, active in its Poetry Group.

Bartlett, Robert Abram [Bob]
(1875-1946) The most famous member of the seagoing Bartlett family of Brigus, Newfoundland, Captain Bob Bartlett had accompanied Robert Perry on his expeditions in search of the North Pole in 1898, 1906-7, and 1908-9.

Beach, Mrs. Adam
'of Vancouver'; unidentified.

Beattie, Jessie Louise
(1896-1985) Librarian, teacher and social worker. Best known for the novel Hill Top (Toronto: Macmillan 1935), she published plays, biographies and travel literature, as well as several books of poems.

Beaverbrook, Lord [William Maxwell (Max) Aitken]
(1879-1964) New Brunswick politician and newspaper magnate, raised to the peerage in 1917. He did not attend university, but was a generous benefactor of the University of New Brunswick and served as its Chancellor from 1947-64.

Beck, Teddy
Contractor and supplier in Bobcaygeon.

Beers, Clifford Whittingham
(1876-1943) Founder in 1909 of the American National Committee for Mental Hygiene (now Mental Health America).

Bellamy, Edward [Belamy (sic)]
(1850-98) American author and socialist best known for his utopian novel, Looking Backward, 2000-1887 (Boston: Ticknor & Company, 1888).

Benét, Marjorie
W.R. Benét's wife.

Benét, Stephen Vincent
(1898-1943) W.R. Benét's younger brother was a poet, novelist, and short story writer, best known for his long, narrative poems, John Brown's Body (1928) and Western Star (1943), both of which won the Pulitzer Prize.

Benét, William Rose [Bill])
(1886-1950) Pratt's 'most loved American friend' (letter dated 8 June 1945). American poet, novelist, essayist, and editor, best known for his columns and reviews in the Saturday Review of Literature. In 1941 his The Dust Which Is God won a Pulitzer Prize for poetry. His novels include The First Person Singular (New York: George H. Doran Co.,1922) and The Flying King of Kurio (New York: George H. Doran Co., 1926).

Bennet, Charles L. [Bennett (sic)]
(1895-1980) A New Zealander, graduate of Cambridge and Harvard Universities, Bennet was Professor of English at Dalhousie, Head of Department, and long-time editor of the Dalhousie Review.

Bennett, Ethel
Wife of Harold Bennett, Principal of Victoria College.

Bennett, Harold [Hal]
(1890-1973) Born in England, Professor of Latin at Victoria College since 1932, Bennett held several administrative posts there (Registrar, Dean, Acting President) before being appointed Principal in 1951.

Benson, Emma
Wife of Nathaniel Benson, herself an active member of the CAA.

Benson, Nathaniel A.
(1903-66) Born and educated in Toronto, he was at various times a journalist, teacher, and advertising executive. He wrote and published verse for many years, including several small books. He also edited Modern Canadian Poetry (1930).

Berlin, Boris
(1907-2001) Russian-born musician and composer who taught at the Toronto Conservatory of Music.

Bicknell, Anna
Graduate student at Victoria College in 1930.

Binyon, Laurence
(1869-1943) British poet and Orientalist, Keeper of Oriental Prints and Drawings at the British Museum (1913-33). He published several books of poetry and books on art, but is best remembered for his war elegy, 'For the Fallen.' The Pratts entertained him in November 1926, when he lectured in Toronto on 'T'ang Art.' Pratt described him as 'one of the most solemn men of my acquaintance.'

Birks, Ray
(b. 1893) A graduate of Victoria College and of Osgoode Hall, Birks was a partner in the law firm of Briggs, Frost, Birks and Langdon, Toronto.

Birney, Earle [Birnie (sic)]
(1904-95) Born in Calgary, educated at the Universities of British Columbia, Toronto, California, and London, Birney taught English at the Universities of Toronto (1936-41) and British Columbia (1946-63). His first book of poems, David and Other Poems (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1942), won the Governor General's award for poetry in 1943. He won a second Governor General's award in 1946 for Now Is Time (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1945). He published several other books of poetry, two novels, and many articles and reviews. In the summer of 1946, he took over from Pratt as editor of CPM, but had a stormy relationship with the editorial board, and resigned after only one year.
Earle Birney, 1933

Birney, Esther [née Bull]
Wife of Earle Birney.

Birney, William Laurenson [Bill]
(b. 1941) Earle Birney's son.

Bissell, Christine
Wife of Claude Bissell.

Bissell, Claude
(1916-2000) With degrees from Toronto and Cornell, Bissell was in 1942 a lecturer in English at University College, Toronto. Later he was Professor of English and Dean of Residence there, and President of the University of Toronto (1958-71). He is the author of many scholarly publications, most notably a two-volume biography of Vincent Massey (1983, 1986).

Blackburn, Grace [Fanfan]
(1865-1928) Literary and dramatic critic in the early twentieth century of the London Free Press, of which her father, Josiah Blackburn, was proprietor and editor for nearly forty years. She wrote in the Free Press under the nom de plume 'Fanfan.'

Blackshaw, Mr.
A client of John Hagedorn.

Blake, Edward
(1833-1912) Liberal politician, the second Premier of the province of Ontario (1881-2). He was subsequently leader of the federal Liberal Party (1880-7), during which period it was defeated twice by the Conservatives under John A. MacDonald. He was known for giving extremely long-winded and elaborate speeches.

Blake, William Hume
(1861-1924) Lawyer and fishing enthusiast. Brown Waters, And Other Sketches (Toronto: Macmillan, 1915) was one of his three books of essays in the tradition of Isaac Walton. His translation of Louis Hemon's Maria Chapdelaine was published by Macmillan in 1947.

Bland, S.G. [Salem Goldworth]
(1859-1950) was one of the most prominent figures in the Social Gospel movement. He taught New Testament and Church History at Wesley College from 1903 until his forced retirement on economic grounds in 1917. (See Michiel Horn, Academic Freedom in Canada: A History, 50-2.)

Blewett, George John
(1873-1912) Sometimes called 'English Canada's first native-born philosopher,' he was Professor of Ethics and Apologetics at Victoria College (1906-12) where he taught Pratt as an under-graduate. Pratt was influenced in his thinking by Blewett's humanistic blend of psychology and Christian theology. Blewett drowned in Georgian Bay, Ontario in 1912.
George Blewett

Bond, Mrs.
The librarian in charge of the Poetry Room at the University of Chicago Library.

Booth, Mrs.
Secretary at Macmillan Canada.

Bothwell, Austin McPhail
(1885-1928) Born in Perth, Ontario, Bothwell was a graduate of Oxford University (as Rhodes Scholar), and taught at Wesley College, Winnipeg, and Central Collegiate Institute, Regina. He was editor of the Saskatchewan Teachers' Alliance and the author of several books and many articles and reviews.

Boucher, Dr. Duncan W.
(1902-1976) Surgeon, member of the faculty of medicine at Queen's University.

Bourinot, Arthur Stanley
(1893-1969) Born in Ottawa and educated at the University of Toronto and Osgoode Hall, Bourinot was a lawyer who published numerous books of poetry. His Under the Sun: Poems (Toronto: Macmillan, 1939) won the Governor General's medal in 1939. Bourinot edited the Canadian Poetry Magazine (1948-54 and 1966-8) and Canadian Author and Bookman (1953-4; associate editor 1957-60), and compiled several collections of letters of Duncan Campbell Scott and Archibald Lampman.

Bowles, Reverend Richard Pinch
(1864-1960) Born in Ontario, and a graduate of Victoria College, Bowles was its President and Chancellor from 1913 to 1930.

Bowman, Louise Morey
(1882-1944) Born in Quebec, Bowman spent most of her life in Montreal. She published three books of verse, notable for its imagistic qualities, including Dream Tapestries (Toronto: Macmillan, 1924), which won the Quebec Government's David Prize, and Characters in Cadence (Toronto: Macmillan, 1938).

Boyd, Edmund
Stepfather of Anne Wilkinson.

Boyle, Robert William [Billy]
(1883-1955) Born in Newfoundland, educated at Methodist College in St. John (he and Pratt were classmates), McGill and Manchester Universities, Boyle taught physics at the University of Alberta, and did anti-submarine research for the British Admiralty during World War I. A director at the National Research Laboratories in Ottawa (1929-49), he is best known for his work on the submarine detection device, sonar (originally called asdic).

Brant, Joseph
(1742-1807) Mohawk Indian chief, missionary, and head of the Six Nations Indians.

Brebner, John Bartlet [Bart]
(1895-1957) Born in Toronto and educated at Toronto, Oxford, and Columbia Universities, Brebner taught briefly at the University of Toronto, moving in 1925 to Columbia University in New York where he taught history for the rest of his life. He published a number of scholarly, historical works.

Brett, Barbara
(1890-1983) A student of Pratt during the years he taught at Moreton's Harbour (1902-4). Awarded a B.A. by Mount Allison University, she taught for forty years in Newfoundland schools, including Grand Falls Academy.

Brett, Flossie
A cousin of Barbara Brett, she died in the winter of 1904.

Brett, George Platt, Sr.
(1859-1936) President of the Macmillan Company in New York.

Brett, George S.
(1879-1944) Head of the Philosophy Department at Victoria College in the early 1940s.

Brett, Hedley
Barbara Brett's older brother.

Brewing, Reverend Willard
(b. 1881) Minister from 1938 to 1954 of St. George United Church, Toronto (of which Pratt was a member) and Moderator of the United Church in 1948-1950.

Bridle, Augustus (John)
(1868-1952) Born in England, Bridle was a critic and editor and the author of several books, including A Backwoods Christmas (Toronto: R.G. McLean, 1910), Sons of Canada: Short Studies of Characteristic Canadians (Toronto: J.M. Dent & Sons, 1916), and The Story of the Club (Toronto: Arts & Letters Club, 1945). He was one of the founders in 1908 of the Arts and Letters Club of Toronto and served as its secretary from 1908 to 1913, and president from 1913 to 1914.

Brietzche, E. Helen Shackleton
Montreal-based sister of Sir Ernest Shackleton, the Antarctic explorer, she published sundry poems, and several children's books under the name Helen Shackleton.

Briggs, Reverend William
Book Steward of the Methodist Church of Canada (1879-1918), Briggs was responsible for the Methodist Book Room press, and had published under the imprint of his own name. Reverend Samuel Fallis (or Follis), who succeeded him as Book Steward, changed the name in 1919 to Ryerson Press, to commemorate Egerton Ryerson, founder in 1830 of the original Methodist Press in Canada.

Brighouse, Harold
(1882-1958) Playwright born and educated in Manchester, England, he wrote some seventy plays between 1909 and 1952, including Hobson's Choice (1915) and Zack (1916).

Broadus, Edmund Kemper [E.K.]
(1876-1936) Professor and Head of the English Department at the University of Alberta, Broadus was known principally as a compiler (with his wife Eleanor Hammond Broadus) of anthologies used pervasively in Canadian universities, including his English Prose from Bacon to Hardy (1918) and A Book of Canadian Prose and Verse (1923), both published by Macmillian Canada. Pratt was enlisted to advise on the preparation of the 'new and completely revised' version of the Canadian anthology in 1934.

Brockington, Leonard W.
(1888-1966) Born in Wales, Brockington emigrated to Canada in 1912, becoming editor of a small newspaper in Edmonton. He was called to the Bar of Alberta in 1919, joining James Lougheed and R.B. Bennett's law firm in Calgary. A gifted public speaker, he won a coveted reputation as orator and broadcaster. Brockington served as the first chairman of the CBC (1936-9) and special assistant to Prime Minister King (1939-42). In 1942, he returned to England, serving Churchill's war-time government and broadcasting news of the war to Canadians. He was later president of Odeon Theatres (Canada) and rector of Queen's University (1947-66).

Brooker, Bertram
(1888-1955) Illustrator, abstract painter, and advertising executive. A member of the Toronto Writers' Club, and, like many of the club's members, a contributor ('Nudes and Prudes') to W.A. Deacon and Wilfred Reeve's Open House (Ottawa: Graphic Press, 1931). In 1937, he won the first Governor General's award for fiction for his novel, Think of the Earth (Toronto: Nelson & Sons, 1936).

Brovedani, J.H.
Professor J.H. Brovedani founded the Department of Spanish and Italian at Queen's University in 1920. He remained the Head of Department until 1949.

Brown, Alan
Professor of Pediatrics at the University and Consulting Physician at the Hospital for Sick Children.

Brown, Audrey Alexandra
(1904-98) Born in Nanaimo, B.C., Audrey Brown had only four years of formal schooling and was largely self-educated. She began publishing poems at 16, finding a mentor in Pelham Edgar. Brown published some half-dozen volumes of verse, her best known and probably her best being her first, A Dryad in Nanaimo (Toronto: Macmillan, 1931). She was the first woman writer to receive the Lorne Pierce Medal for 'achievement in imaginative and critical literature.'

Brown, David Deaver [Deaver]
(b. 30 December 1943) E.K. Brown's elder son.

Brown, Edward Killoran [E.K., Eddie, Ed]
(1905-51) Educated at the University of Toronto and at the Sorbonne in Paris, Brown taught English at University College, Toronto (1929-35; 1937-41), the University of Manitoba (1935-7), Cornell University (1941-4), and the University of Chicago (1944-51). Author of scholarly works on a range of subjects from Matthew Arnold to Edith Wharton, Brown was also one of the first critics to write seriously about Canadian literature, winning the Governor General's award for 1943 for his On Canadian Poetry. He was an editor of The University of Toronto Quarterly (1932-41), for which he wrote the annual survey of Canadian literature, and in 1941 was guest editor of a special 'Canadian' issue of Poetry (Chicago). He and Pratt were close friends for more than twenty years.
Edward and Peggy Brown with their son, Deaver.

Brown, J.G.
Principal of the Union College of British Columbia (formed by the amalgamation of Ryerson Theological College and Westminster Hall), affiliated with the University of British Columbia from 1927 to 1948.

Brown, Margaret [Peggy; née Deaver]
The wife of E.K. Brown.

Brown, Mina
The wife of Walter T. Brown.

Brown, Phyllis E.M.
Poet and librarian in St. John, New Brunswick.

Brown, Walter T.
(1883-1954) A graduate of Victoria College, Brown taught philosophy there (1912-28) and at Yale (1928-32). He returned as Principal in 1932, becoming President and Chancellor in 1941.

Bruce, Charles
(1906-71) Bruce served for many years with the Canadian Press in Canada and the United States. He published several books of poems, his The Mulgrave Road (Toronto: Macmillan, 1951) winning the Governor General's award for 1951. He is probably best known for his novel, The Channel Shore (Toronto: Macmillan, 1954).

Bruce, Herbert Alexander
(1868-1963) Born in Blackstock, Ontario, Bruce was a professor of surgery at the University of Toronto and served as Lieutenant Governor of Ontario from 1932 to 1937.

Buchanan, Donald William
(1908-66) Born in Lethbridge, Buchanan was educated at the University of Toronto and Oxford. He was one of the founders of the Ottawa Times (in the 1930s) and the National Film Board (in 1935). He was director of Talks and Public Affairs for the CBC (1937-40), director of special projects for the NFB (1940), a member of the Wartime Information Board, and on the staff of the National Gallery (1947-60).

Buckley, Elery
Husband of Claire Pratt's friend Ruth Buckley [née Stauffer]. In 1953, Claire lived with them for a brief period in Concord, Massachusetts.

Bugden, Fred
A Corner Brook business acquaintance of Calvert Pratt.

Bullen, Frank Thomas
(1857-1915) British author of The Cruise of the Cachelot.

Burchell, C.J.
Nova Scotia native who was appointed High Commissioner for Canada in St. John's in 1941.

Burden, Mac
Newfoundland-born, Burden was Pratt's lawyer for many years.


Burns, Robert [Robbie]
(1759-96) Scottish poet and songwriter who composed in the Scots dialect such lyrics as 'Auld Lang Syne' and 'My Love is like a Red Red Rose.' He is generally regarded as the Scottish national poet, and annual celebrations of his birth are held on January 25.
Program–The Robbie Burns dinner addressed by Pratt in St. John's, 25 January 1949:
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Burns, William [Wm]
Robert Burns' father.

Burpee, Lawrence J.
(1873-1946) Civil servant by occupation, Burpee was also a director of the short-lived Graphic Press. A man of many literary and historical interests, he is best-known for The Search for the Western Sea: The Story of the Exploration of North-western America (Toronto: Musson, 1908). He was National President of the CAA in 1924-5.

Burt, A.L.
A graduate of Victoria College, Burt had been awarded the Royal Society's Tyrell Medal for History in 1940; in the same year, Pratt received the Lorne Pierce Medal for Literature from the Society.

Burt, Hettie
A classmate of Barbara Brett.

Burwash, Nathanael
(1839-1918) Reverend Nathanael Burwash was President and Chancellor of Victoria University (1887-1913). He published several theological works.

Bush, Douglas [Doug]
(1896-1983) A graduate of the University of Toronto and of Harvard, Bush spent most of his career as a professor of English at Harvard. As a teaching-fellow at Victoria College in 1920-1, he and Pratt were office-mates. Bush went on to publish numerous scholarly books and articles, primarily on Renaissance literature.

Bushnell, Ernest L.
(1900-87) With the CBC from 1945-58, he eventually retired as its vice-president.

Byron, Lord George Gordon
(1788-1824) English Romantic poet, author of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Manfred, and Don Juan.


Call, Frank Oliver
(1878-1956) A Quebec teacher whose books of verse include Acanthus and Wild Grape (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1920), Blue Homespun (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1924), and Sonnets for Youth (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1944).

Callaghan, Morley
(1903-90) Born in Toronto, Callaghan was author of more than a dozen novels and many short stories. His The Loved and the Lost (Toronto: Macmillan, 1951) won the Governor General's medal for fiction in 1951. In 1960 he received the Lorne Pierce Medal and in 1982 was appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada.

Cameron, George Frederick
(1854-85) Born in Nova Scotia, Cameron was a journalist, lawyer, and minor Canadian poet, Cameron is best known for writing the libretto for the operetta Leo, the Royal Cadet.

Campbell, Austin
(b. 1884) A businessman for whom writing was a hobby, Campbell wrote fugitive pieces for various journals, a novel, The Rock of Babylon (Ottawa: Graphic Publishers, 1931), and a poetry chapbook, They Shall Abide Anew (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1944).

Campbell, Roy
(1901-57) Born in South Africa, Campbell lived much of his life in Europe, especially in Spain where he was a bull-fighter and served with General Franco's forces in the Spanish Civil War (1936-9). He published some ten or more books of poetry and several autobiographical works.

Campbell, Wilfred
(1858-1918) An Anglican priest educated at Wycliffe College at the University of Toronto, Campbell left the clergy to become a civil servant. He published numerous historical novels and books of poetry, as well as editing The Oxford Book of Canadian Verse (1913). However, he is best known as part of the group of Canadian poets based in Ottawa, including Duncan Campbell Scott and Archibald Lampman, who collaborated on the literary column entitled 'At the Mermaid Inn' for the Toronto Globe (Feb. 1892-July 1893).

Cannon, Cecil
(b. 1898) A graduate of Queen's and Toronto Universities, Cannon held many administrative posts in the Ministry of Education and was Deputy Minister from 1951 to 1956.

A friend of Claire Pratt.

Carman, Albert
(1833-1917) He was general superintendent of the Methodist Church in Canada from 1883 to 1915. His being called 'Bishop' actually derived from his having been a Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Carman, Bliss
(1861-1929) Born in Fredericton, Carman was first cousin of Charles G.D. Roberts and distantly related to Ralph Waldo Emerson. Like the other 'Confederation poets,' Roberts, Archibald Lampman and Duncan Campbell Scott, Carman responded in his verse to the Canadian landscape, but in terms borrowed from the English Romantics and American Transcendentalists. Although he produced fifty volumes of poetry, he is best known for his early work, most notably Low Tide at Grand Pré (New York: Charles Webster, 1893), and his collaborations with American poet Richard Hovey on Songs from Vagabondia (Boston: Copeland and Day, 1894) and its sequels.

Carrier, Louis
(1898-1961) A Montreal journalist, who in 1928 had begun publishing under the imprint of Louis Carrier and Company with offices in New York and Montreal. The firm had gone bankrupt in 1929.

Cartheuser, William
(1890-1966) American voice medium who performed séances for Jenny Pincock.

Cartwright, Mrs. Richard
From 1939 on, when teaching summer school at Queen's University, Pratt rented a bed-sitting room in a house owned by a retired doctor, Richard Cartwright, and his wife.

Cassidy, Carol [née Coates]
(b. 1909) A sister of Calvert Coates, John Pratt's friend and namesake of Calvert Pratt. Raised in Japan, a graduate of the University of British Columbia, she engaged in educational work for several years in Canada and abroad. She published several volumes of poetry, Fancy Free (1939), Poems (1942), and Invitation to Mood (1949). A close friend of the Pratt family, especially of Claire. Claire occasionally stayed at the Cassidy home when visiting New York.

Cather, Willa
(1873-1947) American poet and novelist best known for her works dealing with frontier life. At the time of his death, E.K. Brown was writing a biography of Cather which was finished by Leon Edel and published by Random House in 1953.

Chant, Clarence
(1865-1956) Canadian astronomer and physicist who served as President of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada from 1904 to 1907. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard and taught at the University of Toronto until he moved into the David Dunlap Observatory House upon its opening in 1935; he lived there until his death.

Charlesworth, Hector W.
(1872-1945) Critic, journalist, associate editor of Saturday Night (1910-26), and editor (1926-32). He is probably best remembered in Canadian cultural history for his severe criticism in the 1920s of the Group of Seven painters.

Charlesworth, John L. [Jack]
(b. 1896) After working on the Guelph Daily Herald, Charlesworth became editor of Industrial Canada in 1920. In 1931 he joined the public relations firm of Johnston, Everson and Charlesworth.

Childs, Philip [Child (sic)]
(1898-1978) Born in Hamilton, Ontario, and educated at Trinity College and Cambridge and Harvard Universities, Child was a novelist, poet, and academic. He taught English at the University of British Columbia and Trinity College.

Chisholm, Sir Joseph
(1863-1950) The Honourable Sir Joseph Chisholm, Chief Justice of Nova Scotia.

Christie, Robert [Bob]
(1913-96) Toronto-born actor and director. He spent some years on the British stage before returning to Canada, where he performed in many roles both in 'live' theatre and in radio and television.

Church, Frederic E.
(1826-1900) American landscape painter who was a member of the Hudson River School of painters.

Clarke, C.K. [Charles Kirk]
(1857-1924) One of Canada's first psychiatrists, Clarke served in several Canadian mental asylums before being appointed superintendent of the Toronto General Hospital in 1911. As Dean of the Faculty of Medicine at University of Toronto, he supervised the creation of the Department of Psychiatry. He was co-founder with Clarence Hincks of the Canadian Mental Health Association in 1918. Toronto's Clarke Institute was named for him.

Clarke, Frederick [Fred]
A Professor of Classics at the University of Manitoba.

Clarke, George Herbert [George, Herbert]
(1873-1953) Born in Britain and raised in Ontario, Clarke taught at several American universities (1901-25) before coming to Queen's University in Kingston where he worked from 1925 to 1943 as Head of the Department of English and editor of Queen's Quarterly. He and Pratt were inducted into the Royal Society of Canada in 1930, and became good friends.
George Herbert Clarke, painted by Elizabeth Harrison, 1937

Clarke, Irene
Wife of W.H. Clarke.

Clarke, William Henry [Bill]
(b. 1902) Born in Lindsay, Ontario, and educated at Victoria College, Clarke was in the Educational Division of Macmillan Canada (1925-1930), when he left to form, in partnership with J.C.W. Irwin, the publishing firm of Clarke-Irwin. Clarke was also the manager of the Canadian Branch of Oxford University Press (1936-49).

Claxton, Brooke
(1898-1960) Born in Montreal, Claxton served with the Royal Canadian Artillery during World War I, returning to Canada after the war to complete his law degree at McGill University. Claxton served as the first Minister of the Department of National Health and Welfare from 1944 to 1946, and as Minister of National Defence from 1946 to 1954.

Clay, Charles
(l906-1980) Author of novels for adolescents and collector of Indian folk tales, Clay was Literary Editor of the Winnipeg Free Press (1931-41), and National Secretary of the CAA (1942-6).


Coates, Calvert
John Pratt's friend and namesake of Calvert Coates Pratt.

Coates, Carol
See Carol Cassidy.

Cobb, John
Claire Pratt's surgeon in New York at the Hospital for Special Surgery, 1954-5.

Coburn, Kathleen [Kay]
(1905-91) A colleague in the Department of English at Victoria College, she was appointed as an instructor in 1932 and a professor in 1953. She is best known as a distinguished Coleridge scholar and general editor of the Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

Cochrane, Nora
An artist, and a friend of Claire Pratt. Claire writes, 'she was full of beans, had an original turn of mind and was a Christian Scientist. My father got a kick out of her' (letter to D.G. Pitt, 3 August 1987).

Cody, Canon Henry John
(1868-1951) A clergyman of the Church of England long involved in university administration, Cody was President of the University of Toronto (1932-44) and Chancellor (1944-7).

Coleman, Arthur P.
(1865-1939) A graduate of Victoria College, and for many years Professor of Natural History and Geology there. He was a brother of Helena Coleman.

Coleman, Helena
(1860-1953) Crippled by polio, she was confined to a wheelchair. She and her brother acted in loco parentis for poet Marjorie Pickthall. Helena Coleman herself published several volumes of verse between 1906 and 1937.

Collin, William Edwin [W.E.]
(1893-1984) Born in England, educated at the Universities of Toulouse and Western Ontario, Collin was Professor of Romance Languages at Western (1923-60). He published Monserrat and Other Poems (Toronto: Ryerson, 1930), but his chief work was The White Savannahs (Toronto: Macmillan, 1936), a pioneering study of major Canadian poets, including Pratt.

Collip, James Bertram
Professor of Biochemistry at McGill University, and later Dean of Medicine at the University of Western Ontario, Collip was President of the Royal Society of Canada in 1942-3.

Colman, Mary E.
(b. l895) A librarian in Vancouver who wrote verse and prose for magazines and published several small books of poems.

Colquhoun, Kate G.
Her The Battle of St. Julien and Other Poems had been published as a Ryerson chapbook in 1928.

Comfort, Charles
(1900-1994) A painter, sculptor, teacher, writer and administrator, Comfort was born in Scotland and moved to Winnipeg in 1912 where he began work the following year as a commercial artist. In 1916 he started attending night classes at the Winnipeg School of Art, and later joined the Arts and Letters Club of Toronto. Comfort was Director of the National Gallery of Canada from 1959 until 1965, and a founding member of several Canadian artistic societies.

Conacher, William M.
(1877-1958) Taught in the French Department at Queen's University from 1915 to 1947. He was editor of the QQ and a founding member of the Queen's Faculty Players.

Conrad, Joseph
(1857-1924) Born Jozef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski in Podolia (now Ukraine), Conrad embarked on a career as a seaman, before settling in England in 1895. His many novels, including Almayer's Folly (1895), The Nigger of the Narcissus (1897), Lord Jim (1900), Typhoon (1903), Nostromo (1904), The Secret Agent (1907), and Under Western Eyes (1911) – all in English – established him as a major modernist writer.

Cook, Sir Tasker
(1867-1937) A St. John's businessman, mayor of the city from 1921 to 1929 and a member of the Legislative Council (the Upper House in Newfoundland's pre-Confederation bicameral legislature) from 1928-32.

Cooke, Jack Kent
(1912-97) Born in Hamilton, Cooke engaged in many enterprises in radio, television, publishing and professional sports. In 1948, he and Roy Thompson purchased the Canadian edition of Liberty magazine, renaming it New Liberty, and in 1952 he purchased the Consolidated Press whose holdings included Saturday Night. In 1960, he moved to the United States where he continued his entrepreneurial pursuits, becoming an American citizen to accommodate legislation prohibiting foreign-ownership of American media. At various times, he owned the Washington Redskins, the Los Angeles Lakers, and the Los Angeles Kings.

Corbett, Edward A. [Ed]
(b. 1887) Born in Nova Scotia and educated at McGill University, Corbett was Director of the Canadian Association for Adult Education. He was a founder of the Banff School of Fine Arts (1933), and the initiator of several educational radio series, including 'Farm Radio Forum' and 'Citizens Forum.'

Corbett, James J.
(1866-1933) Known as 'Gentleman Jim,' Corbett was heavy-weight boxing champion of the world from 1892 to 1897.

Cornell, Beaumont S.
(1892-1958) A medical researcher and colleague of Frederick Banting as well as an author. His novel, Lantern Marsh, was published by Ryerson Press in 1923.

Costain, Thomas B. [Tom]
(1885-1965) Born in Ontario, Costain was editor of Maclean's (1914-20), and then moved to New York to edit Saturday Evening Post (1920-34). After a stint in Hollywood, he became an editor at Doubleday. His career as a novelist began when he published For My Great Folly (New York: Book League of America, 1942).

Coulter, John
(1888-1980) Born in Belfast, Ireland, Coulter moved to Toronto in 1936. He is the author of twenty-four stage plays, including seven plays set in Canada, and he helped to found the Canada Council and the Stratford Festival.

Cowan, Elizabeth [Betsy]
Sister of Charlotte Pitts Knight and Jane Sophia Duder, and Anne Coyle.

Cox, Leonard [Leo]
(b. 1898) Born in England, manager of an advertising firm in Montreal, he was author of several books of verse. In 1944 he won the Quebec literary award, the David Prize ($800.00), for his North Star (Toronto: Macmillan, 1941). On the CPM editorial board for several years, he was editor in 1955-7.

Coyell, Belinda
Daughter of Anne Coyle.

Coyle, Anne
Sister of Charlotte Pitts Knight, Jane Sophia Duder, and Elizabeth Cowan.

Crawford, Isabella Valancy
(1850-87) Born in Ireland, Crawford came to Ontario at an early age. She wrote numerous serialized novels, short stories, and poems for several Canadian and American publications, but published only one book of verse in her lifetime, Old Spookses' Pass, Malcolm's Katie and Other Poems (Toronto: J. Bain, 1884).

Crawley, Alan
Founder in 1941 of the small magazine Contemporary Verse with the assistance of several Vancouver poets including Dorothy Livesay, Anne Marriott, Doris Ferne, and Floris Clarke McLaren – Crawley was blind. Crawley's detailed critiques – even when poems were rejected – inspired many Canadian poets.

Creighton, John H. [Jack]
In 1927 a free-lance writer and reviewer, he later taught English at several universities, before becoming Educational Manager at Oxford University Press.

Creighton, Sally
Wife of Jack Creighton.

Creighton, W.A.
In 1923 editor of the Christian Guardian, the weekly newspaper of the Methodist Church of Canada, published by Ryerson Press (previously the Methodist Book Room).

Crookes, Sir William
(1832-1919) British scientist active in 'psychical research' and author, along with Sir Oliver Lodge, of books and articles on the subject.

Currelly, Charles T.
(1876-1957) Archeologist and Egyptologist, Currelly was appointed first Director of the Royal Ontario Museum in 1907, a post he held until 1946. He was also Professor of Archeology at the University of Toronto.

Curtis, Reverend Levi
(1858-1942) Prominent Methodist (later United Church) clergyman, for many years Superintendent of Schools in Newfoundland.


Dale, Ernest Abel
(1884-1952) Lecturer at Victoria College from 1912 to 1916 and later teacher of Latin at University College, Toronto.

Dalley, Mary
A member of Simpson's staff, responsible for the book department.

Dalmage, Belle
Daughter of George and Thora Dalmage.

Dalmage, George
A geologist in Vancouver, B.C. and husband of Thora Dalmage.

Dalmage, Thora
A friend of Viola Pratt.

Dalton, Annie Charlotte
(1865-1938) Born in England, she lived most of her life in Vancouver. She published nine slim books of verse, including The Marriage of Music (Vancouver: Evans and Hastings, 1910), Flame and Adventure (Toronto: Macmillan, 1924), and Lilies and Leopards (Toronto: Ryerson, 1935).

Dalton, William [Willie]
Husband of
Annie Charlotte Dalton.

Daly, Richard Arthur
(b. 1886) A Toronto broker and director of numerous commercial firms, active in community philanthropic and cultural enterprises; brother of Roland O. Daly.

Daly, Roland O.
A graduate of the University of Toronto, Daly was a Toronto lawyer. He and Pratt were fellow members of the York Downs Golf Club and had been friends since their undergraduate days.

Daniells, Roy
(1902-1979) Born in England and educated at the Universities of British Columbia and Toronto, Roy Daniells taught English at Victoria College in the 1930s, and later at the Universities of Manitoba and British Columbia, where he established a program in Creative Writing and championed the study of Canadian Literature. In addition to scholarly work on Milton and 17th century literature, he published two books of poetry, Deeper into the Forest (1948) and The Chequered Shade (1963), both with McClelland & Stewart. For his service to Canadian literature, he received the Lorne Pierce Medal in 1970 and was made a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1971.

Davies, Emlyn
(b. 1897) A former British civil servant seconded to the Canadian Department of Defence (1941-7), Davies was attached to the Defence Research Department in Ottawa.

Davies, Dr. Trevor
(b. 1871) Born in Wales, Davies was superintendent minister of Timothy Eaton Memorial Methodist (later United) Church, Toronto.

Davies, Robertson
(1913-95) Educated at Queen's and Oxford Universities, Davies was Literary Editor of Saturday Night (1940-2), when he became editor of the Peterborough Examiner, in 1945 its publisher. From 1960 to 1981 he taught English Literature at the University of Toronto and was the first Master of Massey College. He published more than a dozen books, including such novels as Leaven of Malice (Toronto: Clarke Irwin and Company, 1954), Mixture of Frailties (Toronto: Macmillan, 1958), Fifth Business (Toronto: Macmillan, 1970), and The World of Wonders (Toronto: Macmillan, 1975). He also published plays and several books of essays.

Davies, William Rupert
(1879-1967) Appointed to the Canadian Senate in 1942, Davies was the proprietor and editor of the Kingston Whig-Standard. The novelist Robertson Davies was his third son.

Davis, John Herbert [H.S. (sic)]
(1893-1967) British born academic and distinguished scholar of eighteenth century literature who held a temporary appointment in the Department of English at University College (Toronto) in 1922 and rejoined the faculty in 1935-7. Davis moved first to Cornell University as Head of the Department of English (1938-43), and then to Smith College in Massachusetts where he served as President.

Dawe, Christine
John K. Pratt married Christine Dawe of Bay Roberts.

Day, Frank Parker
(1881-1950) Author of several regional novels. Rockbound (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran, 1928) told the story of some Nova Scotia fishermen and the hard lives they endured.

Daykin, Hume
He and his wife, Kathleen, were friends of the family.

Daykin, Kathleen
Wife of Daykin, Hume.

Day-Lewis, Cecil
(1904-72) Irish-born British poet, novelist, and literary critic, and Poet Laureate from 1968 until his death. After the war he was a senior editor with Chatto and Windus.

Deacon, Deidre
Daughter of W.A. Deacon.

Deacon, Penelope
Daughter of W.A. Deacon.

Deacon, Sarah Townsend Syme [Sally, Sal]
Wife of W.A. Deacon.

Deacon, William Jr. [young Bill]
Son of W.A. Deacon.

Deacon, William Arthur [Billy, Bill]
(1890-1977) A classmate of Pratt and Phelps at Victoria College, and a graduate in Law of the University of Manitoba, Deacon was literary editor of Saturday Night (1922-8), the Toronto Mail and Empire (1928-36), and the Globe and Mail (1936-60). A prolific free-lance reviewer, critical essayist, and letter-writer, he also published several books of varying literary interest and significance. He was a long-time friend, though their friendship, mainly because of Deacon's temperament, vacillated from time to time. He became National President of CAA in 1946.
William Arthur Deacon, c1922

de Banke, Cécile
British-born actress, elocutionist, and world traveller, Miss de Banke was an instructor at Wellesley College, a woman's college in Massachusetts. Like Pratt, she regularly taught summer school at Queen's University in the 1940s. The two met in 1941 when she performed Dunkirk in a recital (24 November) sponsored by the Association of Teachers of Speech, of which Pratt was a patron. (See D.G. Pitt, EJP: MY, 283-4).

de Beaumont, Victor
(b. 1884) Born in the United States and a graduate of Columbia University, de Beaumont was Head of Victoria College's French Department (1940-9).

de la Roche, Mazo
(1879-1961) Born in Ontario, author of many novels, best-known for the 'Jalna' or 'Whiteoak' series, chronicling several generations of a fictional Ontario family. The first, Jalna (1927), won the Atlantic Monthly $10,000 prize for fiction.

Delius, Anthony
(1916-89) South African poet and author of An Unknown Border (Cape Town: A.A. Balkema, 1954), The Last Division (Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, 1959), and A Corner of the World (Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, 1962). In 1957 he toured North America on a Travelling Fellowship.

Dempsey, Lotta
A journalist and at one time editor of Chatelaine magazine, Dempsey wrote a regular column for the Toronto Star from 1958 to 1981.

Denison, Merrill [Dennison (sic)]
(1893-1975) American born, Dennison was the first playwright of significance in English Canada. His satiric Brothers in Arms (1921) enjoyed great popularity for many years. Other works include The Unheroic North (1923), Henry Hudson and Other Plays (1931), and Klondike Mike (1943). He and Pratt became good friends.

Denison, Muriel
Wife of Merrill Denison.

Dent, Walter Redvers
(1900-63) A free-lance journalist in Vancouver, Dent had written a novel, Show Me Death (Toronto: Macmillan, 1930), about Canadians in World War I.


Deutsch, Babette
(1895-1982) New York poet and critic, Deutsch had published many volumes of verse, a biography of Whitman (1941), and several books of 'modern' criticism.

DeWitt, Norman Wentworth
(1876-1958) Graduate of the Victoria College class of 1899, he was Professor of Latin 1908-45, and Dean of Arts and Principal of Victoria College 1924-8.

de Wolfe, Captain Harry George
(b. 1903) De Wolfe joined the Navy at age fifteen. Given command of a destroyer in 1939, he saw naval service at sea until 1942, when he was posted to Naval Headquarters in Ottawa. He was Chief of Naval Staff 1956-60. (Pratt errs in describing him as Chief of Naval Staff in 1945).

Dickinson, Emily
(1830-86) A prolific and reclusive American poet, Dickinson published fewer than a dozen of her nearly eighteen hundred poems during her lifetime. Her poems were unconventional for the era in which they were written and often dealt with themes of death and immortality.

Dickson, Lovat
(1902-1987) Educated at the University of Alberta, Dickson was general editor and a director of Macmillan, London, from 1941 until 1964. He was the author of six biographies, including two books on Grey Owl (Archibald Stansfeld Belaney), Half-Breed: The Story of Grey Owl (London: Peter Davies, 1939) and Wilderness Man: The Strange Story of Grey Owl (1973).

Dickson, Muriel [née Knight]
Pratt's cousin, daughter of his mother's brother and sister of Dorothy Knight. Her husband 'Joe' (Joseph) had been gassed during the first World War.

Dillon, George
(1906-68) Pulitzer Prize winning American poet who assumed the editorship of Poetry: A Magazine of Verse upon the death of Harriet Monroe in 1936.

Dilworth, Ira
Professor of English at the University of British Columbia until 1938, when he became manager of a radio station in Vancouver and regional representative of the CBC. In 1947, he became supervisor of the CBC International Service in Montreal, and in 1950 became National Director of Programming, based in Toronto. His anthology Twentieth Century Verse (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1945) 'broke new ground ... by placing Canadian poets without much fanfare in the company of contemporary British and American poets ...' (Robert L. McDougall, The Poet and the Critic, p. 218).

Dobbs, Kildare Robert Eric
(b. 1923) At various times a teacher, journalist, travel writer, and editor, Dobbs was the author of several books, including Running to Paradise (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1962), winner of a
Governor General's award. He was an editor at Macmillan Canada from 1953 to 1961.

Doppler, Christian Johann
(1803-53) Austrian physicist who discovered the 'Doppler effect': the apparent change in frequency of sound waves and light waves in accordance with the relative velocity of the source and the observer.

Dorey, Alice Ann
(1883-1979) Wife of Reverend George Dorey, a United Church overseas missionary who was Moderator of the Church in 1954-6. Born in Quebec, Dorey was a teacher, writer, and poet.

Dorey, Reverend George
(1884-1963) Dorey came to Canada in 1904 and was educated at Victoria University and Emmanuel College. A Methodist (later United Church) minister, he served on many boards of the Methodist (United) Church and was Moderator of the United Church in 1954-6.

A college friend of Claire Pratt, otherwise unidentified.

Douglas, Alice Vibert
(1894-1988) Sister of George V. Douglas, she was born in Montreal and educated at McGill and Cambridge Universities. Douglas was a pioneering astrophysicist and the first person to receive a PhD in astrophysics from a Quebec university. In 1939 she moved from McGill to Queen's University, where she became Professor of Astronomy in 1946 and was an important figure in getting the university to accept women into engineering and medical programs. In 1967 she became an Officer of the Order of Canada and in 1988 an asteroid was name after her.

Douglas, George Vibert
(1892-1958) Brother of Alice V. Douglas, he was born in Montreal and obtained degrees from McGill University before working as a geologist on a Shackleton-Rowett Antarctic expedition in 1921-2. Douglas began doctoral studies at Harvard University but left before completion to work for the Spanish company Rio Tinto. He became a professor at Dalhousie University in the early 1930s and served as Head of Geology from 1932 to 1957.

Doyle, Sister Dorothy Marie
Later an English professor at St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, N.S., Doyle wrote an M.A. thesis at the University of Ottawa entitled 'The Epic Note in the Poetry of Edwin John Pratt,' which she sent to Pratt for comment, and a Ph.D. dissertation entitled 'The Poetic Imagery of Edwin John Pratt.'

Drainie, John [Drainey (sic)]
(1916-66) Born in Vancouver, Drainie joined the staff of the CBC in 1941 after several years as a radio announcer and actor, and a short stint in Hollywood. He later became a free-lance announcer and actor, performing in many radio and television productions. He is most well-known for playing Jake in the long-running radio series based on W.O. Mitchell's Jake and the Kid, and for the one-man stage show in which he played humorist Stephen Leacock.

Drew, George
(1894-1973) Premier of Ontario and Minister of Education from 1943 to 1948, when he became leader of the Federal Conservative Party. He resigned in 1956 after losing two elections.

Dryden, John
(1631-1700) English poet, playwright, critic, and translator, best known for his satiric writing.

Dudek, Louis
(1918-2001) Dudek was a professor of English at McGill University and sometime member of the First Statement group. His first book of poems, East of the City (Toronto: Ryerson Press) appeared in 1946. He published over two dozen books of poetry and criticism.

Duder, Charles [Chas]
(1819-79) Brother of Jane Sophia Duder's husband, Henry J. Duder.

Duder, Jane Sophia (Mrs. Henry J.)
Younger sister of Charlotte Pitts Knight who married Henry J. Duder of St. John's. Her daughter Emma married Campbell Macpherson and was the mother of Cluny and Harold Macpherson.

Duff, Lyman Poore
(1865-1955) Duff practised law in British Columbia. Appointed in 1906 to the Supreme Court of Canada, he served nearly forty years. Knighted in 1934, he was Chief Justice from 1933 to 1943.

Duncan, Chester
For many years a professor of English at the University of Manitoba, also a musician and a broadcaster; author of a collection of autobiographical essays, Wanna Fight, Kid? (Winnipeg: Queenston House Pub., 1975).

Duncan, Dr. John George
Born in Scotland, Duncan practised medicine in Newfoundland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Duncan, Norman
(1871-1916) Born in Brantford, Ontario, and educated at the University of Toronto, Duncan was an author, journalist, and professor who lived most of his life in the United States. He made several trips to Newfoundland, which he used as the setting for some of his books, including Doctor Luke of the Labrador (New York: F.H. Revell, 1904).

Dunn, Charles
Professor of English at University College.

Dunn, P.D.H.
British-born civil servant in Newfoundland's Commission of Government, Commissioner for Natural Resources 1941 to 1945.

Dunn, Walter T.D.
(1856-1928) Born in England and educated at Mount Allison University, New Brunswick, Dunn was a minister in the Methodist Church in Newfoundland, serving several circuits during his career and acting as President of the Newfoundland Conference of the Methodist Church from 1902 to 1903.

Durand, Margaret [Peg]
A friend whom Claire Pratt had met through Shirley Freshman. She lived near the New York hospital where Claire was a patient in 1954.

Dwyer, Father Wilfred
A Canadian Basilian father temporarily posted to Houston at the time of Pratt's visit in April 1946.


Eaton, Lady Flora
Widow of Sir John Eaton, former president of the T. Eaton Company, Lady Eaton was active in many cultural and philanthropic organizations.

Eaton, Robert Y.
(1875-1956) Born in Ireland, Robert Y. Eaton was a nephew of Timothy Eaton and an executive of the T. Eaton Company (1904-42). He was also a director of several other commercial and financial institutions.

Eayrs, Dora [née Whitefield]
Wife of Hugh Eayrs.

Eayrs, Hugh Smithurst [Hughie]
(1894-1940) Born in Yorkshire, he joined Macmillan of Canada in 1917. By 1921 he was President of the Company, a post he held until his sudden and untimely death. He and Pratt had become close friends after Eayrs agreed in the autumn of 1924 to publish The Witches' Brew in Canada. He was Pratt's publisher and 'brotherly friend' to the end of his life.
Hugh Eayrs

Eayrs, Winnifred [Winnie]
(b. 1893) Born in England, Winnie Eayrs was Hugh Eayrs' sister, for many years a copy-editor and proof-reader at Macmillan Canada.

Edel, Leon
(1907-97) Born in Montreal, he was an early member of the 'McGill Group' of poets and critics in the mid-1920s. Moving to the U.S., he taught and wrote at New York University, and later at the University of Hawaii. His major work was a five-volume biography of Henry James.

Edgar, Dona [Dora; née Waller]
Second wife of Pelham Edgar (his first wife died in 1933).

Edgar, Jane
Daughter of Pelham Edgar and Dona Edgar.

Edgar, Oscar Pelham [old boy]
(1871-1948) Born in Ottawa, educated at Upper Canada College and the Universities of Toronto and Johns Hopkins, Edgar was first appointed to Victoria College to teach French, but in 1902 was appointed Head of its Department of English, a post he held until his retirement in 1938. The teacher and mentor of many noted scholars and writers, including Pratt, he was also a distinguished scholar and author himself. He and Pratt, whom he appointed to his Department in 1920, were close friends.
Edgar in Pratt's undergraduate years
Edgar in Acta Victoriana

Edinborough, Arnold
(b. 1922) Assistant Professor of English at Queen's University (1947-54), Edinborough became editor of the Kingston Whig-Standard (1954-8) and of Saturday Night (1958-62). He subsequently purchased Saturday Night and served as its President and Publisher (1963-70) before becoming a contributing editor on culture for the Financial Post (1970-90).

Edison, John G.
(b. 1913) Toronto lawyer, graduate of the University of Toronto and Osgoode Hall, and a casual friend of Pratt.

Eggleston, Wilfrid [Wilf]
(1901-86) A graduate of Queen's University, Eggleston was Ottawa correspondent for the Toronto Star and later Professor of Journalism at Carleton University. He was the author of several books on Canadian politics and policy, including The Road to Nationhood: A Chronicle of Dominion-Provincial Relations (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1946).

Elliott, Ellen
(b. 1900) Born in England, joined Macmillan Canada as a secretary in 1920. From 1925 to 1937 she was secretary to Hugh Eayrs. Appointed Secretary of the Company in 1937, she became a director of the firm in 1942.

Elson, John Melbourne
(b. l880) A minor novelist and free-lance writer, Elson's only novel of lasting interest is a historical romance, The Scarlet Sash: A Romance of the Old Niagara Frontier (Toronto: Dent, 1925).

Endicott, Norman
A professor of English at University College, Toronto. Pratt, for reasons unknown, is said to have 'heartily disliked him' (D.G. Pitt, EJP: MY, 381).

English, Leo E.F.
(1887-1971) Curator of the Newfoundland Museum from 1946 to 1960, English published several works on Newfoundland.

English, Nora
A former student of Desmond Pacey at Brandon College, who had gone on to graduate school at the University of Toronto.

Evans, R.J.
President of Brandon College, Brandon, Manitoba, when Desmond Pacey was appointed.

Everson, Ronald G.
(1903-92) Lawyer and partner in a firm of public relations consultants, Everson's verse appeared in magazines in the 1920s and his first book of poetry, Three Dozen Poems (Montreal: Cambridge Press) appeared in 1957. He published several more books and pamphlets, and his poems appeared in numerous magazines and anthologies.


Fairley, Barker
(1887-1986) British-born, Professor of German at University College, Toronto (1915-57), Fairley published several scholarly works, most notably on Goethe and was a founder, for a time editor, of The Canadian Forum.
He was also an accomplished painter, Pratt being one of his subjects.

Fairley, Margaret Adele Keling
(1885-1968) Born in Yorkshire, England, she graduated with first class honours from Oxford (women were not awarded degrees at that time), and became a tutor at St. Hilda's College. She immigrated to Canada, and took her degree at the University of Alberta where she met and married her husband, Barker Fairley, before moving to Toronto. An active member of the Communist Party, Fairley was the editor of the radical magazine New Frontiers. In addition to the anthology The Spirit of Canadian Democracy (Toronto: Progress Books, 1946), she edited The Selected Writings of William Lyon Mackenzie, 1924-37 (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1960).

Falconer, Sir Robert
(1867-1943) Knighted in 1927, Falconer was a former Presbyterian clergyman and professor of Greek at Pine Hill College, Halifax. He served as President of the University of Toronto from 1907 to 1932. Besides academic administration, he was also celebrated for his public oratory and scholarly writing.

Fallis, Reverend Samuel [the chief; Follis (sic)]
(1866-1932) Managing Director of Ryerson Press. Reverend Fallis succeeded William Briggs as Book Steward of the Methodist Church of Canada. In 1919 Fallis changed the name from Methodist Book Room Press to Ryerson Press to commemorate Egerton Ryerson, founder in 1830 of the original Methodist Press in Canada.

The Falters
An immigrant family whom the Pratts had met through Malcolm Wallace.

Fearing, Kenneth
(1902-1961) An American poet and novelist who was a founding member of The Partisan Review.

Fennell, Robert [Bob]
(b. 1891) Prominent Toronto lawyer and corporate business manager, member of the administrative boards of several major Toronto institutions, including the University of Toronto and the Royal Ontario Museum.

Fenwick, Marjorie and Alice
Daughters of Reverend Mark Fenwick; Marjorie had been a student of Pratt at Victoria College.

Fenwick, Reverend Mark
(1858-1946) British-born Methodist (later United Church) clergyman who served in Newfoundland for many years. Known for his rotundity, he was Guardian of the Methodist College Home in St. John's when Pratt was in residence there as a student in 1901-2.

Ferguson, George V.
(1897-1977) Born in Scotland, graduate of Oxford, Ferguson joined The Winnipeg Free Press in 1924, serving as managing editor from 1934 to 1946, when he became editor of the Montreal Star.

Ferne, Doris Maud
(b. l896) Ferne spent most of her life in Victoria, B.C. She wrote verse, stories, and reviews, gave many radio broadcasts. In 1941, together with Dorothy Livesay, Anne Marriott, and Floris McLaren, she co-founded the literary magazine Contemporary Verse, edited by Alan Crawley.

Ferrer, Jose
(1912-92) Puerto Rican-born theatre and film actor and director.

Fidlar, Jennie [Fiddler (sic)]
Secretary-treasurer of the Western Ontario (London) Branch of the CAA in 1925.

Field, Eugene
(1850-95) American writer best known for his children's poetry and humorous essays.

Fife, Ottylene
Worked in the office at Victoria College.

Finch, Robert
(1900-95) An American by birth, Finch taught French at the University of Toronto from 1928 to 1968 and was an accomplished painter and musician as well as a poet. His early poems were published in various magazines, and in New Provinces, the first Canadian anthology of 'new poetry,' in which he and Pratt from Toronto were chosen to balance the contributions of Montreal writers F.R. Scott, A.J.M. Smith, Leo Kennedy and A.M. Klein. His first book, Poems (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1946) won the Governor General's medal. He later published several more volumes, including Dover Beach Revisited (Toronto: Macmillan, 1961) and Acis in Oxford (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1961), which also won a Governor General's medal. He was elected to the Royal Society in 1963, and received the Lorne Pierce Medal in 1968.

Fisher, Joseph
A graduate of Oxford, and Professor of English at Victoria since 1938, he became Department head in July 1952 but died in October.

Fisher, Peter F.
(1918-58) Head of the English Department at the Royal Military College. His study of Blake, The Valley of Vision, edited by Northrop Frye, was published in 1961 by the University of Toronto Press, after Fisher's death by drowning.

Fitzpatrick, Winnie
The Pratts' cleaning lady.

Flahiff, Father George Bernard
(1905-89) Father Flahiff, Archbishop of Winnipeg (1961-89), was appointed Cardinal Flahiff in 1969. He was born in Paris, Ontario, and educated at St. Jerome's College and St. Michael's College before joining the Basilian Order. He studied at the University of Strasbourg (1930-5) before returning to Canada where he taught at the Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies (1935-54), and in the Department of History at the University of Toronto (1940-54).

Flavelle, Sir Ellsworth
(1892-1977) Born in Toronto, succeeded to his father, Sir Joseph Flavelle's baronetcy in 1939. A member of the governing body of many institutions and organizations, he was a prime mover of the Brébeuf Pageant Committee. A photographer, he published Photography: A Craft and Creed with Ryerson Press in 1943. He and Pratt were close personal friends for many years.

Flavelle, Sir Joseph
(1858-1939) A wealthy Toronto commercial magnate and financier. He was widely known for his philanthropy and his community 'good works.'

Flenley, Ralph
(b. 1886) Born in England, he was Professor of History at the University of Toronto from 1927 to 1955 and Head of the Department 1952-5.

Fletcher, John Gould
(1886-1950) American poet, author of many volumes of verse between 1913 and 1947. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1933.

Fleury, William E.
(1910-1983) Architect in the firm of Fleury, Arthur and Calvert.

Flint, Charles W.
President of Cornell College (1915-22), a small Methodist institution in Mount Vernon, Iowa. He hired Pratt to teach in the English Department in 1921.

An employee in the Sales Department of
Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.

Forbes, Kenneth [Ken]
(1892-1980) Born in Toronto, educated in Montreal and England; a prolific portraitist and landscape painter, Forbes was a winner of several prestigious prizes for his painting, as well as several boxing championships in his early years. His portrait of Pratt now hangs in the foyer of the E.J. Pratt Library at Victoria College.
Forbes' portrait of Pratt, 1943

Ford, Harry E.
Born in Ontario, he was a graduate of Victoria College, and Professor of French there from 1915 to 1940.

Fox, William Sherwood
(1878-1967) Fox was in 1925 Professor of Classics and Dean of Arts at the University of Western Ontario. The author of many varied works, he was president of Western from 1927 to 1947. In 1949 Pratt wrote a short foreword to his (and Wilfrid Jury's) Saint Ignace, Canadian Altar of Martyrdom (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1949).

Francis, Laurenda
Married Roy Daniells in 1948.

Fraser, Hermia Harris
(b. 1902) Born in New Brunswick, Harris was raised and educated in Yukon and British Columbia where she developed an interest in the Haida Indians, writing poems on Haida themes and publishing several in Songs of the Western Islands (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1945).

Fraser, Isabel
A librarian at one of the Toronto libraries.

Fraser, N.S.
(1864-1953) A St. John's physician who at various times held most of the major posts in medical administration in Newfoundland.

Freeman, Billy
The golf-professional at the York Downs Club.

French, Donald G.
(1873-1945) Appointed chief literary editor at McClelland & Stewart in 1920, he was a major influence on Canadian letters for the next twenty years, working with prose writers such as Ralph Connor, Stephen Leacock, Lucy Maud Montgomery, Laura Goodman Salverson, and Martha Ostenso, and prestige poets such as Bliss Carman and Duncan Campbell Scott. In the mid-1920s he founded the Canadian Literature Club to 'foster in the public an awareness of Canadian literature.'

French, Emily
One of Pratt's students at Moreton's Harbour (1902-4).

French, Maida Parlow
Canadian writer and artist, author of Boughs Bend Over (1943), All This to Keep (1947), Apples Don't Just Grow (1954), and Kathleen Parlow: A Portrait (1967).

Freshman, Shirley
A close friend of Claire Pratt in Boston.

Freud, Sigmund
(1856-1939) Austrian physiologist and medical doctor, the founder of psychoanalysis.

A Viennese doctor practising in Toronto.

Frigon, Augustin
General Manager of the CBC from 1944 to 1951.

Frye, H. Northrop [Norrie]
(1912-91) Frye grew up in Moncton, N. B. A graduate of Victoria College and Oxford University, and an ordained United Church minister, he taught English for many years at Victoria College, where he was Principal (1959-69), and later Chancellor. He was a celbrated literary critic, publishing many books and essays on a wide range of literary-critical subjects. His most notable books include Fearful Symmetry (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1947), a study of Blake, Anatomy of Criticism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1957), and The Great Code (Toronto: Academic Press; New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1982), a study of The Bible.


Gage, Walter
(1905-78) Professor of Mathematics at the University of British Columbia, he became Dean of Administrative and Inter-Faculty Affairs in 1948 and served in a number of other administrative positions before becoming President of the university (1969-75).

Gallico, Paul
(1897-1976) American novelist, short story and sports writer, who is best known for his novels The Snow Goose (New York: Knopf, 1940) and The Poseidon Adventure (New York: Coward McCann, 1969). Filmmaker Gabriel Pascal came to Canada to film snow geese for a movie adaptation of The Snow Goose which was never completed.

Galsworthy, John
(1867-1933) Prominent British novelist and playwright who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1932. He is known principally as the author of The Forsyte Saga, begun in 1906 with the novel The Man of Property and continued in five more novels, two interludes and a collection of short stories published in the 1920s. His novels and plays critiqued the social injustices growing out of the class system, and particularly the upper middle class of which he himself was a member. In 1921, Galsworthy became the founding president of the British chapter of P.E.N. (Poets-Essayists-Novelists).

Garland, S.E.
A leading bookseller in St. John's, Newfoundland.

Garvin, Amelia
(1878-1956) Wife of John W. Garvin. She wrote under the pseudonym Katherine Hale, publishing five books of verse, and a prose work, Canadian Cities of Romance (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1922).

Garvin, John W.
(1872-1934) John Garvin was a prominent critic, whose anthology Canadian Poets and Poetry (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1916; rev. 1926) coupled biographies of the poets with selections of their work. Husband of Amelia Garvin.

Gaskell, Eric
An Ottawa-based writer of miscellaneous prose, Gaskell was National Secretary of the CAA during the controversial Presidency of Madge Macbeth from 1938 to 1942, when he joined the Navy.

Gibbon, J. Murray
First National President of the CAA from 1921 to 1923. Later Publicity Manager for the Canadian Pacific Railway.

Gibbs, Mr.
A neighbour of the Pratts.

Gibbs, Sir Philip
(1877-1962) English journalist, novelist, and political author, knighted in 1920 for distinguished service as a war correspondent for the Daily Chronicle during World War I. He was literary editor of several leading newspapers.

Gilchrist, Laughlin [or Lachlan]
Professor of Physics at University College, Toronto.

Glendinning, Margaret
A friend of Claire Pratt.

Godden, Reginald
(1905-87) A graduate of the Toronto Conservatory of Music, Godden was a concert pianist, later Principal of the Hamilton Conservatory of Music. He premiered a number of works by Profiev (including Seventh Piano Sonata, 1944; Third Piano Concerto, with the TSO, 1945), Shostakovich, and Copland to Canadian audiences.

Good, Alf
An insurance agent whom Pratt had met through his friend, Robert S. LeDrew.

Gooderham, George
(1868-1942) Ontario manufacturer and political figure who represented the Conservatives in Toronto ridings.

Gordon, George Stuart
(1881-1942) Merton Professor of English at Oxford, later Professor of Poetry and Vice-Chancellor of the University. He was the author of Companionable Books and More Companionable Books (London: Chatto and Windus, 1927 and 1947, respectively) and The Lives of Authors (London: Chatto and Windus, 1950).

Gordon, Huntley K.
Brother of Robert K. Gordon, Huntley was educated at University College, Toronto, where he became friends with Barker Fairley. Huntley contributed several articles, reviews, and poems to The Rebel and the Canadian Forum.

Gordon, Robert K.
(1887-1973) A graduate of Toronto and Oxford Universities, and a member of the Department of English, University of Alberta, Gordon is best remembered today for his Anglo-Saxon Poetry (in translation) (London: Dent, 1926).

Goudge, Thomas A.
A professor of Philosophy who taught Claire Pratt. The author of several scholarly works, he is probably best known for his The Thought of C.S. Pierce (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1950).

Gould, Margaret
Journalist and social worker, Margaret Gould was a member of the Toronto branch of the League for Social Reconstruction. She wrote for the Toronto Star on issues related to the status of women and the family.

Graham, Gwethalyn [Gwen]
Montreal novelist and author of the best-selling Earth and High Heaven (Toronto: J. Cape, 1944) which had won the 1944 Governor General's award for fiction. Active in the Montreal Branch of the CAA and an opponent of the secessionist movement in its ranks, she was one of W.A. Deacon's three vice-presidents of the CAA in 1947.

Graham, Reverend William C.
(b. 1887) Graham was Principal (1938-1955) of United College (formerly Wesley College and later the University of Winnipeg). Pratt had first known him when they were both students in Toronto.

Grant, Douglas
Associate Professor of English at University College and editor of The Poetical Works of Charles Churchill (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956).

Grant, Harold W.T.
(b. 1899) Born in Halifax, Vice-Admiral Harold W.T. Grant held commands in both the Canadian and British navies, serving at sea during World War II before being appointed Chief of the Naval Staff in Ottawa in 1947.

Grant, Marion
Matron of the Pine Hill Divinity Residence at Dalhousie University in 1945.

Grant, Maude [née Perkin]
(1880-1963) The widow of William Lawson Grant (1872-1935), longtime Head Master of Upper Canada College, Toronto.

Gray, John Morgan [Jack]
(1907-79) Born in Ontario, educated in Canada and in England, Gray joined Macmillan Canada in 1930 as a travelling salesman (Educational Department). During the next ten years he occupied several other posts in the firm. After service in World War II, he rejoined the firm and in 1946 was made its President. In 1978 he published his autobiography, Fun Tomorrow: Learning to be a Publisher and Much Else (Toronto: Macmillan, 1978).

Gray, Morris
A graduate of Harvard in 1877, Gray was an attorney and generous supporter of poetry readings and lectures at Harvard. Pratt was invited to speak at the Morris Gray Lecture Series at Harvard in 1946.

Greaves, Cornelia
Wife of Hubert Greaves.

Greaves, W. Hubert [old Hube]
An American of independent means whom Pratt had met at Victoria College where he taught Public Speaking. With his wife Cornelia, he often hosted Pratt at the elegant home 'upon the Humber's crested dome' which is celebrated in Pratt's lyric 'In a Beloved Home (To W.H.G.),' first published in Newfoundland Verse (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1923), and at their summer retreat near Kingston, Ontario. In 1929, he moved to Yale University.

Green, T. H.
(1836-82) British philosopher who wrote Prolegomena to Ethics.

Grenfell, Sir Wilfred Thomason
(1865-1940) Born in England, Grenfell was a medical missionary, founder of the International Grenfell Association which provided health care and social services to Newfoundland and Labrador.

Griffin, Frederick [Fred]
A leading newspaperman at the Toronto Star, Griffin was sent in 1931 to Russia to report on the progress of Communism. His book Variety Show: Twenty Years of Watching the News Parade (Toronto: Macmillan, 1936) gives a colourful account of his experiences as a journalist.

Grove, Frederick Philip
(1879-1948) Born Felix Paul Grève in East Prussia, author of novels, short stories, essays, and other writings, best known for his novels Settlers of the Marsh (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1925) and Master of the Mill (Toronto: Macmillan, 1944).

Guinan, Father V.J.
President of the University of St. Thomas, Houston, Texas.

Gullen, Frederick C. [Freddie]
A Toronto barrister and solicitor, subsequently a magistrate, and eventually a judge.

Gundy, H. Pearson [Pete]
(1905-94) One of Pratt's former students, Gundy was Professor of English and Head of the Department at Mount Allison University. He was also Head Librarian at Queen's University.

Gundy, S.B.
A Toronto literary agent and publisher.

Gushue, Raymond
(1900-80) Born in Newfoundland, Gushue was a graduate of Dalhousie University, a lawyer, and President of the Salt Codfish Board. He served as President of Memorial University 1952-66.

Gustafson, Ralph
(1909-95) Born in Quebec and educated at Bishop's and Oxford Universities, Gustafson lived in London, England and New York, before taking up a teaching position at Bishop's University. He published his first book of poems, The Golden Chalice (London: Ivor Nicholson & Watson), in 1935, followed by more than a dozen more, winning the Governor General's award for Fire on Stone (Toronto: McCelland & Stewart, 1974). He edited several notable anthologies, including his Anthology of Canadian Poetry (Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books, 1942).

Guthrie, Tyrone
(1900-71) British-born theatrical producer who was the first director of the Shakespearean Festival in Stratford, Ontario. He was knighted in 1961 for outstanding service to the theatre.


Hagedorn, John
Proprietor of the Doubleday, Doran Bookshop in Detroit.

Haines, Frederick
(1879-1960) Canadian artist who was at various times President of the Ontario Society of Artists, curator of the Art Gallery of Ontario, principal of the Ontario College of Art, and commissioner of Fine Arts for the Canadian National Exhibition. Along with Pratt and Sir Ernest MacMillan, he received a National Fine Arts Medal from the University of Alberta in 1952.

Hale, Katherine
Pseudonym of Amelia (Mrs. J.W.) Garvin.

Hambleton, Ronald
(1917-2015) Born in Lancashire, England, Hambleton emigrated to Canada in 1924, growing up in British Columbia. He published his first poems in the anthology, Unit of Five (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1944), which he also edited. After Object and Event (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1953), he worked as a scriptwriter and interviewer in radio and television. He also wrote a brief biography of Mazo de la Roche: Mazo de la Roche of Jalna (Toronto: Hawthorn Press, 1966).

Hamilton, Miss
Graduate student working as a teaching assistant in the English Department at the Summer School of the University of British Columbia in 1937.

Hammond, Melvin O. [Mel, Mell]
(1876-1934) Literary editor of the Toronto Globe for many years, he was the author of several books and many articles, an accomplished photographer, and a collector of paintings and photographs.

Hardy, Edwin Austin
(1868-1952) Ontario teacher and school administrator who served as the secretary to the Canadian Authors Association.

Hardy, Thomas
(1840-1928) English novelist and poet, author of Far from the Madding Crowd (1874), The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886), Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891), and Jude the Obscure (1895).

Hare, F. Archibald [Archie]
A member of the French Department at Victoria College.

Friends of Viola Pratt, otherwise unidentified.

Harrigan, Father
Father Harrigan was an American Basilian and member of St. Thomas College.

Harrington, Michael F.
(1916-99) Born and educated in St John's, Newfoundland, Harrington has been a broadcaster, teacher, and editor and columnist for the St John's Evening Telegram (1959-83). His books of poetry include Newfoundland Tapestry (Dallas: Kaleidograph Press, 1943), The Sea is Our Doorway (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1947), and The Modern Magi (St. John's: Harry Cuff Publications, 1985). Going to the Ice (St. John's: Harry Cuff Publications, 1986) contains stories of the seal-hunt.

Harris, Charlotte Pitts Pratt [Lottie]
(1884-1954) Sister of E.J. Pratt; wife of George Harris. John and Fanny Pratt's fourth child, Lottie attended the Methodist College in St. John's, where she took private lessons in music and painting. She lived in Grand Bank from the time of her marriage in 1908 until her death.

Harris, Chester
Medical doctor at Marystown and friend of Pratt. His brother George Harris married Pratt's sister Charlotte.

Harris, George
(1879-1954) Pratt's brother-in-law, married to his sister Charlotte. A Grand Bank businessman and graduate of Mount Allison University, Harris was active in Newfoundland politics in the 1920s. He was a strong supporter of J.R. Smallwood's Confederation campaign of 1947-8.

Harris, Lawren Stewart
(1885-1970) Born in Brantford, Ontario, Harris was one of the original members of the Group of Seven.

Harris, Reverend William
(1846-1923) Born in Ireland, Harris was a priest of the Archdiocese of Toronto.

Harrison, George Bagshawe [G.B.]
A graduate of Cambridge University, Harrison taught English for many years at the University of London. He was Head of English at Queen's University (1943-9) before leaving for the University of Michigan. Author of many scholarly works, he is best known for his Introducing Shakespeare (Penguin, 1939).

Harrison, John
A member of the group of Montreal poets associated in the mid-1940s with the small magazines Preview and Northern Review.

Harrison, W.A.
Probationary minister stationed at Garnish, a small fishing community 40 kilometers north of Grand Bank.

Harrold, Ernest W.
Associate editor of the Ottawa Citizen, drama critic, and book reviewer.

Harvey, Daniel C. [Dan]
(1886-1996) Formerly Professor of History at the Universities of Manitoba and British Columbia, Harvey was Archivist of the Public Archives of Nova Scotia in Halifax.

Hatcher, Albert G. [Bert]
(1886-1954) Hatcher was born at Moreton's Harbour, Newfoundland and educated at McGill University. He taught for some years at the Royal Naval College of Canada in Halifax and at Bishop's University before being appointed President of Memorial College, St. John's in 1933, and in 1949 the first president of Memorial University of Newfoundland. He and Pratt were classmates at the Methodist college in St. John's in 1900-2.

Hathaway, Anne
William Shakespeare's wife.

Havelock, Eric A.
A former member of the English Department at Victoria College who had moved to Harvard University in the 1940s.

Hay, Frank

Hayes, Roland
(1887-1977) A popular concert tenor, Hayes was the first African-American singer to receive international acclaim. He wrote and published an autobiography entitled Angel Mo and her Son, Roland Hayes (Boston: Little, Brown, 1942).

Healey, Miss
Secretary in the Department of English at Queen's University.

Heming, Arthur
(1870-1940) A prominent painter, illustrator and writer internationally known for his portraits of life in the Canadian North. Misdiagnosed as colour blind, Heming worked almost exclusively in black and white until 1930, but his best known paintings are a product of the last ten years of his life and are in vivid colour. He illustrated J.W. Tyrrell's Across the sub-Arctics of Canada (Toronto: W. Briggs, 1897) and Beckles Willson's history of the Hudson's Bay Company, The Great Company (The Copp, Clark Company, 1899). In addition to The Heming Paintings of Northern Life (Garden City, NY; Toronto: Doubleday, Page, 1923), he was the author of Spirit Lake (Toronto: Macmillan, 1907), The Drama of the Forests: romance and adventure (New York: Doubleday, 1921), and The Living Forest (New York: Doubleday, 1925), based on his experiences in the wild with illustrations by the author.

Henderson, Christine
Lily Barry, Christine Henderson, and Dorothy Sproule were verse-writing members of the Montreal Branch of the CAA, active in its Poetry Group.

Henderson, Fred C.
Longtime insurance agent of the Pratt family.

Henry, Mrs. Eileen Cameron
A minor poet; she published Sea-woman, a Ryerson chapbook, in 1945.

Henry, George S.
Premier of Ontario from 1930 to 1934 and father of Norah Locke.

Herrick, Robert
17th century English poet.

Herriman, Dorothy
A Toronto writer of minor verse and prose, long active in the Toronto Branch of the CAA.

Hewitt, Foster
(1902-85) Canadian radio broadcaster most famous for his play-by-play calls for Hockey Night in Canada.

Hibbard, Captain James C.
(b. 1908) D.S.C and Bar, later Vice-Admiral, Hibbard was also Senior Officer of the Escort during the action described in the poem, Behind the Log.

Hillyer, Robert [Hillier (sic)]
(1895-1961) Pulitzer Prize winning American poet and critic, Hillyer reviewed the American edition of Pratt's Collected Poems (Knopf, 1945) in Saturday Review, 28 April 1945.

Hincks, Clarence M. [Clare]
(1885-1964) A medical doctor who became a prominent specialist in mental health. In 1918, with Dr C.K. Clarke (assisted by Pratt who was then working in the Psychology Department at the University of Toronto), he founded the National Committee for Mental Hygiene, of which he was a director until 1952. He and Pratt were close friends for many years.

Hincks, Marjorie
Wife of Clarence Hincks.

English instructor at Trinity College, University of Toronto.

Hoeniger, F. David
(1921-2016) Born in Germany, Hoeniger completed his B.A. and M.A. at Victoria College and his Ph.D. at the University of London in 1954. After teaching at the University of Saskatchewan in 1946-7, he was appointed to the Department of English at Victoria College, where he remained until his retirement in the early 1990s. He published many scholarly works on Shakespeare, including the Arden edition of Pericles (1963).

16th century German artist and printmaker.

Hollister, Mr.
A friend of
Herbert Davis and Samuel H. Hooke.

Holloway, Elsie
(1882-1971) Photographer and daughter of Robert E. Holloway.

Holloway, Balliol
British actor, popular in the 1920s and 1930s.

Holloway, Robert E.
(1850-1904) Born in England, Holloway was Principal of the Methodist College from 1874 to 1904. He was also a professional photographer and science aficionado. Pratt was his student in 1900-2.

Holmes, Evelyn [Eve]
(b. 1892) Holmes joined the Bank of Commerce in 1911 and served in various posts including Chief Inspector and Manager of the Windsor Branch before his appointment in 1943 as Manager of the Toronto (Main) Branch.

Honey, Edith
Librarian at Victoria College.

Hooke, Samuel H.
(1874-1968) Born in England, Hooke came to Victoria College in 1913 as Associate Professor of Oriental Languages and Literatures. He also taught Modern History and was one of the founders of the University magazine The Rebel (1917-20), which evolved into Canadian Forum.

Hopkins, Gerard Manly
(1844-89) Unpublished during his lifetime, Hopkins was an English poet and Jesuit priest best. Hopkins burned all his early poems when he entered a Jesuit novitiate in 1867, and he would not write again until 1875, when he composed The Wreck of the Deutschland. He is now regarded as one of the major Victorian poets.

Horwood, Harold
(1923-2003) A Newfoundland-born writer, politician, and activist, Horwood used the nom-de-plume 'William Noble.'

Hosking, Richard
(b. 1895) Born in Ontario and educated at Victoria College, Hosking was for many years a Toronto Family Court judge. He was on the staff of Canadian Comment in the early 1930s.

House, Daphne [née Pratt]
(b. 1916) Daughter of E.J. Pratt's brother James, she was for many years a nurse in Newfoundland.

House, William John
(1920-63) Married Daphne Pratt in 1957.

Housman, A.E.
(1859-1936) British poet. Houseman wrote in The Name and Nature of Poetry (Cambridge: At the University Press, 1933): 'Experience has taught me, when I am shaving of a morning, to keep watch over my thoughts, because, if a line of poetry strays into my memory, my skin bristles so that the razor ceases to act ...'

Howard, Margaret
President, Toronto Branch of the CAA in 1934-5.

Huckvale, Robert
In 1932, Huckvale was Accountant and Secretary of Macmillan Canada in Toronto. From 1940-6, he was its acting President.

Hudson, Carson
A young St. John's businessman, a friend of Ewart Pratt.

Hudson, Constance Mary [Connie]
An old school friend of Claire Pratt.

Hughills, Mother Superior
Mother Superior of the Convent of the Sacred Heart where Pratt taught courses under the auspices of the Nova Scotia Teachers Summer School from 1931 to 1933, and again in 1945.

Hunt, Charlie
(1886-1954) A lawyer by profession and director of several commercial enterprises, Hunt was celebrated as a public speaker and debater.

Hunter, A.C.
(1890-1971) British-born graduate of the universities of London, Oxford, and Paris, Hunter was Professor and Head of English at Memorial University, Vice-President, and Dean of Arts and Science.

Hunter, Reverend Ernest Crosley [Ernie]
(b. 1889) Hunter served United Church circuits in Toronto, Hamilton, and Winnipeg. He was minister of Knox United Church in Winnipeg and later of Trinity United, Toronto, from 1948 to 1956.

Hurlow, W.J.
Literary Editor of the Ottawa Evening Citizen.


Innis, Harold A.
(1894-1952) A political economist at the University of Toronto, he was a pioneer in the new discipline of communications and author of several historical studies, including A History of the Canadian Pacific Railway (London: P.S. King & Son; Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1923), The Fur Trade in Canada: An Introduction to Canadian Economic History (New Haven: Yale University Press; London: H. Milford, Oxford University Press, 1930), and The Cod Fisheries: The History of an International Economy (New Haven: Yale University Press; Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1940). He was Head of the Department of Political Economy at Toronto from 1937 and Dean of Graduate Studies from 1947 until his death.

Irving, John A.
(1903-65) Professor of Ethics and Social Philosophy and Department Head at Victoria College, Irving published many scholarly articles and several books, most notably Science and Values: Explorations in Philosophy and the Social Sciences (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1952).

Irwin, Ruth
Daughter of Bill Irwin of Chicago, and a student at Victoria College in the mid-1940s.

Irwin, William A. [Bill]
(1884-1967) A graduate of Victoria College, Irwin was Professor of Old Testament at the University of Chicago and author of several books, most notably The Old Testament: Keystone of Human Culture (New York: H. Schuman, 1952).

Irwin, William Arthur
(1898-1999) A Canadian journalist and diplomat, Irwin was associate editor (1925-1943) and then managing editor (1943-1945) of Maclean's, and was appointed editor in 1945. Irwin was later commissioner of the National Film Board (1950-3) and, after diplomatic service in Australia, Brazil, and Mexico, became publisher of the Victoria Daily Times (1964-71).


Jackson, A.Y.
(1882-1974) Probably the most successful of the Group of Seven painters.

Jacobson, Fred
A member of the Montreal Branch of the CAA, Jacobson wrote radio plays and other miscellaneous items.

James, Henry
(1843-1916) American novelist, author of such novels as Portrait of a Lady (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1881; first published as a serial in The Atlantic Monthly), The Wings of a Dove (New York: Scribner's, 1902), and the novella The Turn of the Screw, first published with the short story Covering End in The Two Magics (New York: Macmillan, 1898).

James, Wilfrid C. [Wilf]
Graduate of Victoria College, Chairman of the College's Board of Regents (1942-51) and Bursar and Secretary of the Board.

James, William
(1842-1910) American philosopher and psychologist.

A school friend of
Claire Pratt. Both studied in New York in the mid-1940s.

Jaques, Edna
(1891-1978) A prolific writer of sentimental, mostly domestic, verse, published in newspapers, popular magazines, and some dozen small volumes.

Jeffers, Robinson
(1887-1962) American poet.

Jenking, Ruth
A graduate of Victoria College and a Shakespeare scholar who taught there for many years, she was a close friend of the Pratt family.

Jennings, Charles
Director of Programming at the CBC.

Jewett, Arthur R.
(b. 1904) Born in England, Jewett was Associate Professor of English at Dalhousie in 1944; later Principal of Bishop's University.


Johnson, Edward
(1878-1959) Canadian-born tenor and a leading performer at the New York Metropolitan Opera from 1922 to 1935 and its General Manager from 1935 to 1950.

Johnson, Dr. Hewlett
(1874-1966) Dean of Canterbury from 1931-63; known as the 'Red Dean' for his avid support of the Russian alliance.

Johnson, Dr Samuel
Eighteenth century English poet, essayist, literary critic, biographer, editor, and lexicographer.

Johnston, Alex

Johnston, Franz
(1888-1949) Canadian artist associated with the Group of Seven.

Johnston, George
(1913-2004) Born in Ontario, Johnston was a former student of Pratt at Victoria College. He taught English at Mt. Allison University 1947-50, when he moved to Carleton University where he taught English there until his retirement in 1979. His first book of poems, The Cruising Auk (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1959), was followed by six more and several volumes of translations from the Old Norse.

Johnston, John George
(b. l895) A writer in the public relations firm of Johnston, Everson, and Charlesworth and a fellow member of the York Club. Pratt credited Johnston with inspiring him to write Towards the Last Spike when he challenged him to correct the unhistorical treatment of the building of the transcontinental railway in the movie Canadian Pacific (Twentieth Century-Fox 1949) [EJP: MY, p. 411].

Joliffe, Mrs. Hazel
A friend who lived with the Pratts in 1934.

Jones, Vice-Admiral George C.
(1895-1946) He joined the Navy in 1911 and served in World War I. In World War II, he commanded the North Atlantic Squadron of the Royal Canadian Navy 1940-2, and was Chief of Naval Staff 1944-6.

Jonson, Ben
English Renaissance playwright, poet, and actor, best known for his satirical plays, including Volpone, The Alchemist, and Bartholomew Fair.

Manager, University of Chicago Press.


Kain, Conrad
(1883-1934) An Austrian, Kain was a celebrated mountaineer and guide who lived for many years at Invermere, B.C., having moved to Canada in 1909 to lead climbs at the Alpine Club of Canada's Lake O'Hara camp. In July 1913 he became the first to climb Mt. Robson, the highest peak in the Rockies. Birney's poem about him was first published in National Home Monthly (Dec. 1949).

Further unidentified, Kathleen was a 'Fresh Air' child from one of the poorer districts of Toronto. 'Fresh Air' children were placed in camps or private summer homes and were subsidized by the Toronto Star's 'Fresh Air Fund.'

Keats, John
English Romantic poet.

Keble, John
(1792-1866) A British cleric, Keble was Professor of Poetry at Oxford 1831-41, mainly on the strength of his popular volume of verse, The Christian Year (1827). As Pratt says, Keble is generally regarded as a primary instigator of the Oxford Movement, originally an attempt to restore 'primitive and Catholic principles' to the Church of England.

Kee, Kenneth [Ken]
(b. 1922) A graduate of the University of Toronto, Kee taught English at Victoria College until his retirement. He edited Macmillan's College Classics Geoffrey Chaucer: A Selection of His Works (1966).

Kelly, Father John M.
A member of the Philosophy Department at St. Michael's College, Father Kelly was President of the University of St. Michael's College from 1958 to 1978.

Kennedy, Howard A.
(1861-1938) Best known for his travel books, Kennedy was National Secretary of the CAA in the 1930s.

Kennedy, Leo
(1907-2000) Born in Liverpool, England, Kennedy moved to Montreal in 1912. Though he attended Laval, Kennedy first published his verse in the McGill Fortnightly Review, and thus became closely associated with F.R. Scott, A.J.M. Smith, and a member of the McGill Group of poets which also included A.M. Klein. With Scott, he founded the Canadian Mercury dedicated to replacing the romanticism of much Canadian verse with modernist poetics. His only book of verse, The Shrouding, was published by Macmillan in 1933 partly owing to the support of E.J. Pratt. In the late 1930s he moved to the United States where he worked in advertising and public relations.

Kennedy, Roderick S. [Rod]
Literary editor of The Family Herald and Weekly Star (Montreal). An active member of the CAA, he briefly succeeded his father, H.A. Kennedy, as National Secretary upon his death in 1938, and was National President in 1944-6.

Kennedy, William P.M.
(1879-1963) Associate Professor of Modern History at the University of Toronto, later Professor of Law and Dean of the Toronto School of Law, Kennedy was the author of numerous works mainly on Constitutional, Industrial, and Social Law.

Ker, William Paton [W.P.]
(1855-1923) A Scottish-born medievalist and professor at, successively, Cardiff, London, and Oxford Universities.

Kerr, Reverend F.W.
(b. 1881) Minister of St.Andrew's United Church, Westmount, Montreal since 1932.

Keyes, Mary [née Ferguson]
A classmate of Claire Pratt, married to Gordon Keyes.

Keyes, Gordon L.
(b. 1920) A member of the Classics Department at Victoria College and its Principal from 1976 to 1981.

Keyes, Marjorie
The second wife and secretary of Clarence Hincks, and Claire Pratt's god-mother.

Khruschev, Nikita
(1894-1971) Premier of the Soviet Union throughout most of the Cold War period, suceeding Joseph Stalin on his death in 1953.

Kilbourn, Mary
Wife of William Kilbourn.

Kilbourn, William
(b. 1926) Toronto historian, author of The Firebrand: William Lyon Mackenzie and the Rebellion in Upper Canada (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1956).

King, Carlyle
(1907-88) A member of the English Department in the University of Saskatchewan from 1929 and Head of Department from 1949 to 1964. For many years he was active in the
CCF, forerunner of the New Democratic Party, serving as President of the party from 1945 to 1960.

King, William Lyon Mackenzie
(1874-1950) Mackenzie King was Canada's longest serving Prime Minister of Canada (1921-6, 1926-30, 1935-48). King shared Pratt's interest in spirituality.

Kirkconnell, Watson
(1895-1977) Born in Port Hope, Ontario, and educated at Queen's and Oxford Universities, Kirkconnell was a university teacher (of English and Classics at Wesley College, Manitoba, and English at McMaster University) and administrator (President of Acadia 1949-64), and a prolific author and translator. He published several volumes of verse and many scholarly literary works, especially translations from Ukrainian and other European languages. An early member of the CAA, he held all its national executive offices.

Kirschmann, August
(1860-1932) Psychologist who in 1893 became director of the Psychological Laboratory at the University of Toronto. In 1909 he left Canada for Germany and never returned.

Klein, Abraham Moses [A.M.]
(1909-72) Poet, lawyer, journalist, editor, and public relations man. Born in Ukraine, Klein grew up in Montreal, attending McGill University where in the 1920s he, F.R.Scott, A.J.M. Smith, and Leo Kennedy formed the McGill Group of poets. He was later involved with both the Preview and First Statement Groups. His first book, Hath Not a Jew (New York: Behrman's Jewish Book House), appeared in 1940, followed by Poems (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1944), The Hitleriad (New York: New Directions, 1944), The Rocking Chair and Other Poems (Toronto: Ryerson, 1948) for which he won the Governor General's award, and a novel, The Second Scroll (New York: Knopf, 1951). He suffered from mental illness in his later years, writing little after The Second Scroll.

Klinck, Carl F.
(1908-90) A graduate of the University of Western Ontario and of Columbia University where, as a doctoral student in 1943, he met Henry W. Wells with whom he would author the first book-length study of E.J. Pratt, Edwin J. Pratt: The Man and His Poetry (1947). In 1945 he became Dean of Waterloo College (later University of Waterloo), and, in 1947, Head of the English Department, University of Western Ontario. He published widely on Canadian literary subjects and was General Editor of the Literary History of Canada (1965, 1976).

Klinck, Peggy
Wife of Carl Klinck.

Knight, Allan
Brother of Pratt's mother, Fanny Pratt.

Knight, Annie [Aunt Annie]
Wife of Edwin John Knight.

Knight, Archibald [Arch]
(b. 1854) Sixth child of Charlotte Knight.

Knight, Charlotte Pitts
(1820-92) Maternal grandmother of E.J. Pratt. She was born Charlotte Pitts at Bell Island, Newfoundland, and married William Knight of St. John's in 1841. They had nine children, the fifth of whom, Fanny Pitts, born in 1851, married the Reverend John Pratt in 1877.

Knight, David
(1926-2001) Born in Toronto, educated there and at Yale University, Knight spent his teaching career at Victoria College, apart from a year (1965-6) at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He published a novel, Farquharson's Physique and What it Did to His Mind (London: Hodder and Stoughton; New York: Stein and Day), in 1971.

Knight, Dorothy [Dot]
A cousin of Pratt, daughter of his mother's brother and sister to Muriel Dickson. She was one of the founding members of the Talents Service Club to which Claire and Viola Pratt both belonged.

Knight, Edwin John
(b. 1848) Brother of Pratt's mother, Fanny Pratt. E.J. Pratt was named for his uncle Edwin.

Knight, G. Wilson
(1897-1985) A Shakespearean scholar, director, and actor, Knight was Professor of English at Trinity College, Toronto, during the 1930s. He and Pratt were good friends.

Knight, James N.
A cousin of Charlotte Pitts Knight's husband, and his partner in the lumber business.

Knight, Rachael [or Rachel]
Maternal great-grandmother of E.J. Pratt.

Knight, Sophia
Aunt of E.J. Pratt.

Knight, Walter
Pratt's first cousin, son of Allan Knight (Pratt's mother's brother), who settled in Regina.

Knight, Captain William
(1815-1901) Maternal grandfather of E.J. Pratt. Knight was a sealing captain and coastal trader, but in 1861 he took advantage of a booming construction industry, embarking on a lumbering venture in Halls Bay (Notre Dame Bay in northeastern Newfoundland) where his brother Thomas had taken title to a substantial tract of land in 1851. They returned to St. John's in the late 1860s.

Knister, Myrtle Gamble
Wife of Raymond Knister.

Knister, Raymond
(1899-1932) Born in Kent County, Ontario, Knister attended the University of Toronto and Iowa State University. Publishing verse and short stories in American magazines, he settled in Toronto in the mid-1920s as a free-lance journalist. He wrote two novels, White Narcissus (Toronto: Macmillan; London: Cape, 1929) and My Star Predominant (Toronto: Ryerson Press), a 'biographical novel' about the poet Keats, published posthumously in 1934. He died by drowning – perhaps suicide – in 1932.

Knopf, Alfred A. [A.A.K.]
(1892-1984) Founder of Knopf publishing house.

Knox, Gilbert
Pseudonym of Madge Macbeth.

Knox, R.S. [Bobby]
(1887-1975) British-born member of the Department of English, University College (Toronto) and one of Pratt's closest friends, Knox remained at University College until his retirement.

Koudriavtsev, Sergei
First Secretary of the Russian Legation in Ottawa.

Kristen, Dorothy

Kung, Madame
Sister of Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, who was the wife of Chinese President Chiang Kai-Shek.

Kyte, E.C.
Retired librarian at Queen's University.


Lacey, Margaret [later Margaret Tansley]
A close friend of Claire Pratt from childhood; her father, Alexander Lacey, taught in the French Department at Victoria College.

Laidlaw, Bert
Registrar at Victoria College.

Lally, Reverend Father
The priest in charge of the Martyrs' Shrine near Midland, Ontario.

Lambert, Senator Norman P.
(b. 1885) Educated at the University of Toronto, Lambert was for some years on the staff of the Globe and Mail. He was appointed to the Canadian Senate in 1938.

Lambert, Richard S. [R.S.L.]
(1894-1981) Supervisor of Educational Broadcasts for the CBC (1943-59) and advisor on radio to UNESCO.

Lampman, Archibald
(1861-99) Perhaps the major poet of the group known as the 'Confederation Poets.' Employed in the Post Office Department in Ottawa, he published several volumes including Among the Millet, and Other Poems (Ottawa: J. Durie, 1888) and Lyrics of Earth (Boston: Copeland and Day, 1885).

Lang, Augustus E.
(1862-1945) A graduate of Victoria College, Lang taught German there for many years and was librarian from 1907 to 1924.

Laube, Clifford
Writer for the New York Times.

Laval, Pierre
(1883-1945) A French politician and premier of France in the 1930s, he collaborated with the Germans after the collapse and occupation of France in 1940, becoming Hitler's chief 'French henchman' from 1940 until the German retreat in 1944. He was executed for treason in 1945.

Layton, Betty [née Sutherland]
Second wife of Irving Layton, Betty Layton was a painter and poet.

Layton, Irving
(1912-2006) Layton's first poems appeared in the small magazines First Statement and Northern Review. In 1945, he published his first book, Here and Now (Montreal: First Statement Press); he has since brought out more than fifty books of poetry, won the Governor General's award, and been nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Leacock, Stephen
(1869-1944) Born in England, Leacock moved to Canada with his family at the age of six. A teacher, political scientist, writer, and humorist, Leacock is best known for his Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town (London: John Lane The Bodley Head; New York: John Lane Company; Toronto: Bell and Cockburn, 1912).

Leavis, F.R.
(1895-1978) Acerbic British critic, author, and editor of the celebrated literary journal Scrutiny.

LeBel, Father Eugene Carlisle
(1899-1986) A member of the Basilian Order and professor of English Literature who taught at the University of Saskatoon, the University of Toronto and Assumption College, where he served as Dean from 1947-52. He became the first President of Assumption University (1952-63), and the University of Windsor (1963-64).

Lebel, Maurice
(1909-2006) Professor of Greek Literature at Université Laval in Montreal and Chairman of the Humanities Research Council.

Lechlitner, Ruth
(1901-89) Born in Indiana, Lechlitner published her first book of poems, Tomorrow's Phoenix (New York: Alcestis Press), in 1937. Two other books followed.

LeClaire, Gordon
(b. l905) A high school teacher of English in Montreal, he sometimes travelled as a lecturer and recitalist. He published verse in many journals as well as a half dozen slim volumes.

LeDrew, Robert S. [Bob]
A native of Brigus, Newfoundland, where Pratt had known him as a boy, LeDrew had come to Toronto in 1915. He and Pratt had lived together for a time in one of several houses they had built as part of a joint venture in real estate in 1916-7. He died of Hodgkins disease in 1919.

LeFèvre, Mrs. L.A.
A wealthy octogenarian who lived on a large estate near the campus of the University of British Columbia when Pratt taught Summer Session there in 1936 and 37. Pratt was an occasional visitor there.

Leggott, Reverend T.W.
Methodist minister in Ontario.

LePan, Douglas
(1914-98) LePan was a diplomat, poet, and novelist, who after leaving the diplomatic corps became a university professor. In 1948, he published his first book of poetry, The Wounded Prince, and his second The Net and the Sword won a Governor General's award in 1953 (both published by Chatto & Windus). His books include The Deserter (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1964), Bright Glass of Memory (Toronto: Mcgraw-Hill, Ryerson, 1979), Something Still to Find (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1982), Weathering It: Complete Poems 1948-1987 (1987), Far Voyages (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1990), and Macalister, or Dying in the Dark (Kingston: Quarry Press, 1995).

Leslie, Reverend C.W.
Professor at Emmanuel, the Theology college of Victoria University.

Leslie, Kenneth
(1892-1974) Born in Pictou, Nova Scotia, Leslie was educated at Dalhousie University, the University of Nebraska and Harvard. He published several volumes of poetry in which he attempted to reconcile his Christian and socialist activism. His third book, By Stubborn Stars and Other Poems (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1938) won the Governor General's Medal. He was for some years editor of leftist magazines in New York and Boston, including the Protestant Digest and the anti-fascist comic book, The Challenger.

Leslie, M.B.
A staff writer for the Toronto Star's Magazine section.

Lessner, Will
The New York Times editor in October 1945.

Lewis, [Percy] Wyndham
(1884-1957) Modernist painter, writer and critic, Lewis was born in Amherst, Nova Scotia to British and American parents, and lived most of his life in England where he was educated at Rugby School and the Slade School of Art. One of the founders of Vortism, an artistic movement influenced by the Bloomsbury Group, Cubism and Futurism, he served as an artillary officer in World War I before being appointed by both the British and Canadian governments as a war artist. When World War II broke out in 1939, he moved to Toronto, where he and Pratt were casual friends.

Lighthall, William Douw
(1857-1954) Best known for his anthology Songs of the Great Dominion (London: W. Scott, 1998), Lighthall was a founder of the CAA and its President in 1929-31. His collected poems, Old Measures (Montreal: A.T. Chapman) appeared in 1922.

Lindsay, Vachel
(1879-1931) Known as the 'Prairie Troubadour,' poet Lindsay was a mystic and activist known for performances of poetry which was written to be sung or chanted. His most famous book was General William Booth Enters into Heaven, and Other Poems (New York: Macmillan, 1916).

Line, John
(1885-1970) British-born classmate of Pratt at Victoria College, Line was ordained to the Methodist ministry, but joined the Faculty of Theology at Victoria College where he taught until his retirement in 1950. He was the author of several books and a leading Canadian theologian for half a century.

Lismer, Arthur
(1885-1969) Born in England, principal (1916-9) of the Victoria School of Art and Design in Halifax, he became vice-president of the Ontario School of Art in 1919. A founder of the Group of Seven, he had a long and distinguished career as artist, art educator, and lecturer.

Lissner, William
Writer for the New York Times.

Little, Reverend William J. [Billy]
(1890-1951) Bursar at Victoria College.

Livesay, Dorothy [Dee]
(1909-97) Born in Winnipeg and educated at the Universities of Toronto and Paris, Livesay worked at various times as a social worker and as a teacher, and her verse reflects her socialist and feminist commitments. Her many volumes of poetry include Green Pitcher (Toronto: Macmillan, 1928), Day and Night (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1944) (for which she won the Governor General's award for 1944), Poems for People (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1947), and The Documentaries (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1968). She also published several volumes of prose.

Lloyd, C.F. (Cecil Francis)
(1884-1938) Born in England, educated at Queen's University, Lloyd worked in Winnipeg for many years. He published a book of verse, Landfall (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1935). He took his own life.

Lloyd-George, David
(1863-1945) Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1916-22, headed a coalition government during and after World War I.

Locke, Clark E.
(b. 1890) President of Clark E. Locke, a Toronto advertising firm, and a long-time friend of Pratt. His wife, Norah, was a daughter of Honorable George S. Henry, Premier of Ontario 1930-4.

Locke, George H.
(1870-1937) For many years Chief Librarian of Toronto Public Libraries, Locke was the author of several works on Canadian history and a founding member of the CAA.

Locke, Norah [Nora]
Wife of Clark Locke and daughter of the Honorable George S. Henry, Premier of Ontario from 1930 to 1934.

Locke, Russell [Russ]
A Toronto Lawyer and judge; brother of Clark Locke.

Lodge, Oliver
(1851-1940) British scientist active in 'psychical research' and author, along with Sir William Crookes, of books and articles on the subject.

London, Jack
(1876-1916) American author of such tales of action, adventure, and rugged-characters as The Call of the Wild (1903), The Sea Wolf (1904), and White Fang (1906), all published by Macmillan.

Lothian, J.M.
Professor of English at the University of Saskatchewan and the University of Aberdeen, best known for his work on Shakespeare.

Louis, Joe
(1914-81) American boxer and World Heavyweight Champion from 1937 to 1949.

Love, Christopher
Associate professor of English at Victoria College.

Love, Viola [Vo]
Wife of Christopher Love.

Lower, Arthur
(1889-1988) Born in Barrie, Ontario, and educated at the University of Ontario and Harvard University, Lower was a Canadian historian interested in Canadian economic history.

Lowry, Malcolm
(1909-57) English poet and novelist best known for his novel Under the Volcano.

Luke, Ida Rose
(1919-2012) A friend of Claire Pratt. Born in Kansas City, Missouri, Luke attended Columbia University in the 1940s.

Lynch, Father
Father Lynch was an American Basilian and member of St. Thomas College.


Macaulay, Leopold
(1887-1979) He had been a classmate of Pratt's at Victoria College. He was a partner in the law firm of McLaughlin, Johnston, Moorhead, and Macaulay, a member (1926-34) of the Ontario legislature, and Chairman of Victoria College's Board of Regents.

Macbeth, Madge Hamilton Lyons
(1878-1965) American by birth, Madge Macbeth lived most of her life in Ottawa, publishing several novels under the pseudonym 'Gilbert Knox,' including The Land of the Afternoon (Ottawa: Graphic Publishers, 1924), a satire on political and social life in Ottawa. Active in the Ottawa Branch of the CAA, she was not only the first woman to head the organization but was National President for an unprecedented three terms, from 1939 to 1942. Pratt, as editor of CPM resented the interference of the Ottawa-based Executive. (See EJP: MY, 290-3.)

MacCallum, Reid
A professor of Philosophy at University College, Toronto, especially interested in aesthetic theory. A volume of his essays, Imitation and Design (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1953) was edited by William Blissett after his death in 1949.

the MacCrimmons
A family with whom Claire Pratt and a friend drove to Quebec in 1948.

MacDonald, Angus L.
(1890-1954) A former professor at Dalhousie University Law School, MacDonald was premier of Nova Scotia from 1933 to 1954, except for the period 1940-5, when he was Minister of Defence for Naval Services in the wartime cabinet of Mackenzie King.

Macdonald, Grant [MacDonald (sic)]
Pratt consistently misspells his name 'MacDonald.'
(1909-87) Graduate of the Ontario College of Art, Macdonald was one the Navy's official war artists and was thus a natural choice to illustrate Pratt's Behind the Log (1947). Perhaps best-known for his portraits of actors, he also portrayed other celebrated subjects, including Pratt.

Macdonald's portrait of E.J. Pratt, 1947

Macdonald's illustrations for Behind the Log:

MacDonald, Evelyn
A friend of Viola Pratt.

MacDonald, J.E.H.
(1873-1932) One of the Group of Seven.

MacDonald, John F. [J.H. (sic)]
(b. 1878) Born in Huntington, Quebec and a graduate of Queen's and Chicago Universities, MacDonald was Professor of English at Queen's (1908-25) and at University College, Toronto (1925-48). He was one of several editors who worked with Pratt on the Macmillan Shakespeare.

MacDonald, Sir Gordon
Governor of the colony of Newfoundland. He was replaced by the first Lieutenant Governor of the new Canadian province, Sir Albert Walsh.

MacDonald, Thoreau
(1901-89) Son of Group of Seven artist J.E.H. Macdonald, he specialized in linocuts and wood engravings for book illustration. His illustrations for The Canadian Forum in the 1920s and 30s defined the magazine's style. He also designed many books for the Ryerson Press.

MacDonald, Wilbert L. [Mac, Billy]
(l879-1966) A member of the Department of English at the University of British Columbia from 1919 to 1950 and a leading expert on the works of Alexander Pope.

MacDonald, Wilson Pugsley
(1880-1967) Born at Cheapside, Ontario, MacDonald made an early name for himself as a poet, pen-and-ink artist, and magician. He published a dozen books of mostly romantic, traditional verse, often decorated with his own 'closely-woven' pen-and-ink drawings, and in the 1920s and 1930s mounted frequent recital tours. Deacon for a time regarded him as Canada's most promising new poet, but Pierce and Pratt found him neither a notable poet nor a pleasant acquaintance. He was a man of great vanity, egotism, and an irascible temper, which eventually alienated most of his erstwhile friends.

MacDowell, Franklin D.
Publicity Manager for the Canadian National Railway and editor of CN Magazine, MacDowell was a fellow member of the Toronto Writers' Club. Having published Pratt's 'A Prairie Sunset' in the Magazine, MacDowell suggested that Pratt write a poem on the new 6000 locomotive series – 'No. 6000,' published in the CNR Magazine (December 1931). Pratt also credited him with having suggested the subject for Brébeuf and His Brethren [EJP: MY, 83-5, 235].

MacDowell, John
A member of the Canadian Legation in New York.

MacDowell, Kathleen
Wife of Franklin D. MacDowell.

Friends of Claire Pratt from her university days.

MacGillivray, Dugald [Dougald (sic)]
Superintendent of the Maritime and Newfoundland Branch of the Canadian Bank of Commerce in the 1920s and later Manager of Eastern Trust Comapany, MacGillivray was a member of the Board of Governors of Dalhousie University.

MacGillivray, James R.
(1902-92) A professor of English at University College, Toronto, as an author best known for his scholarly work on Keats, especially his John Keats: A Bibliography and Reference Guide (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1949).

MacInnes, Tom
(1867-1951) Born in Ontario, MacInnes lived much of his life in Vancouver. He published seven books of poetry, including Complete Poems (Toronto: Ryerson Press) in 1923, soon after his return from China where he had lived for several years.

MacIver, R.M.
Formerly Head of Political Economy at the University of Toronto, MacIver was Professor of Sociology at Columbia University in 1943.

MacKay, L.A. [Louis Alexander]
(1901-82) Born in Hensall, Ontario, and educated at the University of Toronto and Oxford, MacKay taught Latin in the Classics Department at Victoria College before moving to the University of British Columbia in 1941 and the University of California at Berkeley in 1948. He published two books of poetry: Viper's Bugloss (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1938) and The Ill-Tempered Lover, and Other Poems (Toronto: Macmillan, 1948).

MacKelcan, Frederick R.
(1882-1962) A lawyer who held executive posts in several corporations, was for many years associated with a number of artistic and cultural institutions in Toronto, and established the Beaver Records Company in 1950.

MacKenna, J.V.

MacKenzie, Norman [Larry]
(1894-1986) President of the University of British Columbia, he was universally known as 'Larry.' A graduate of Dalhousie, Harvard, and Cambridge universities, he served as President of the University of British Columbia from 1940 to 1944. Pratt knew him since he was professor of International Law at the University of Toronto (1926-40).

Mackinnon, Bruce

MacKinnon, Elizabeth
Wife of M.M.H. (Murdo) Mackinnon.

MacKinnon, M.M.H. [Murdo, Murdoch; McKinnon (sic)]
(l917-2012) Educated at the University of Toronto, Mackinnon taught English at the University of Western Ontario (1946-64) and was for some years Head of Department there; he was the founding Dean of Arts (1964-70) and Professor of English (1975-82) at the University of Guelph.

the MacLarens
Friends of Viola Pratt, otherwise unidentified.

MacLean, Kenneth
An American-born professor of English at Victoria College, MacLean was author of many scholarly articles and several books, notably John Locke and English Literature of the Eighteenth Century (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1936) and Agrarian Age: A Background for Wordsworth (Yale Studies in English, 1950).

MacLeish, Archibald
(1892-1982) American poet, writer, and influential librarian. He won the Pulitzer Prize twice for poetry for Conquistador (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1932) in 1933, and for Collected Poems 1917-1952 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1952) in 1953, and once for drama for J.B. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958) in 1959.

MacLennan, Dr Sam
Father of Hugh MacLennan.

MacLennan, Hugh
(1907-90) Born in Nova Scotia and educated at Dalhousie, Oxford, and Princeton Universities, MacLennan published eight novels between 1941 and 1980. Barometer Rising (Toronto: Collins, 1941), his first, won him wide acclaim, and later novels won him three Governor General's awards. Pratt first met him in Halifax during the summer of 1933.

MacLeod, Margaret Furness
(b. l873) A resident of Montreal, Mrs. MacLeod wrote verse for magazines and published several small volumes. She served for several terms as President of the Montreal Branch of the CAA; she and Pratt later became good friends and occasional correspondents.

MacLure, Millar
Graduate of the University of Toronto whose scholarly works include a study of George Chapman and a critical edition of Marlowe's poems.

Maclnnes, James Campbell
(1874-1945) English baritone singer.

Macmillan, John Walker
Presbyterian cleric and Professor of Sociology at Victoria College (1919-32). An avid golfer, he is said to have been the subject of Pratt's 'Jock o'the Links.'

MacMillan, Sir Ernest
(1893-1973) Born in Toronto and educated in music at Edinburgh and Oxford Universities, MacMillan was Principal of Toronto's Royal Conservatory of Music (1926-42), Dean of Music at the University (1927-52), conductor of the Toronto Symphony (1931-56), and director of the Mendelssohn Choir (1942-56). Also widely renowned as a teacher and composer, he was knighted in 1935.

MacNaughton, John
(1858-1943) MacNaughton had come to University College, Toronto, as Professor of Classics in 1917 after incumbencies at Queen's University and McGill. He was best known in the 1920s for his trenchant essays in the Canadian Forum in defence of the humanities.

MacNeice, Louis
(1907-63) Born in Ireland and educated at Oxford, MacNeice was a poet and playwright who was friends with Stephen Spender and a junior member of the Auden-Spender-Day Lewis group.

MacNeill, William E. [McNeill (sic)]
(1876-1959) Born in Prince Edward Island and educated at Acadia and Harvard Universities, MacNeill was for many years Registrar and Treasurer at Queen's University, and Vice-Principal from 1930 to 1947.

Macphail, Sir Andrew [Sir Andy]
(1864-1938) Born in Prince Edward Island, he practised medicine in Montreal. He taught the history of medicine at McGill from 1907 to 1937. He was also a prolific writer, mostly of non-medical books and essays.

Macpherson, Campbell
Pratt's cousin.

Macpherson, Cluny
(1879-1966) A second cousin to Pratt (their mothers were first cousins). A graduate in medicine from McGill in 1901, he spent his entire medical career, apart from war service, in Newfoundland. He and his brother Harold bred Newfoundland dogs.

Macpherson, Harold
(1884-1963) A St. John's businessman, brother to Cluny and second cousin to Pratt, and a friend of Florence Miller.

Macpherson, Jessie
Dean of Women and Associate Professor of Philosophy at Victoria College.

MacRae, A.O. [McCrae (sic)]
Vancouver writer and President of the Vancouver Branch of the CAA in 1936.

MacTavish, Kate
Wife of Newton MacTavish.

MacTavish, Maxine
Daughter of Newton MacTavish.

MacTavish, Newton [Newt]
(1877-1941) Born in Staffa, Ontario, he worked for the Toronto Globe (1898-1906), edited The Canadian Magazine (1906-26), and was a member of the Canadian Civil Service Commission (1926-32). He published several volumes of essays and was a contributor to the Encyclopedia of Canada as well as a founder of the Arts and Letters Club.

Magoon, Esther
Daughter of William Magoon, with whom Pratt boarded in the summer of 1908.

Magoon, William
In the summer of 1908 Pratt boarded with a homesteader, William Magoon, and his family. According to his daughter, Esther (Magoon) Bailey, he was the first to call Pratt 'Ned.' For several years Magoon managed a generally unproductive farm to which Pratt acquired mortgaged title in the summer of 1908. Pratt disposed of the farm in 1911, exchanging it for some real estate in Toronto.

Maines, Fred
The husband of Jenny O'Hara Pincock's sister, Minnie Maines.

Maines, Minnie [Min]
Jenny O'Hara Pincock's sister.

Mair, Charles
(1838-1927) A journalist and minor Canadian poet, Mair is perhaps best known for escaping being shot by Louis Riel's rebels when he covered the first Red River Rebellion (1869-70) for the Montreal Gazette. His literary works include Dreamland and Other Poems (Montreal: Dawson Brothers, 1868) and the historical drama Tecumseh (Toronto: Hunter, Rose and Company, 1886).

Manero, Tony
Winner of the United States Open Golf Tournament in 1936.

Mann, Thomas
(1875-1955) German novelist and critic, author of Buddenbrooks (1901), The Magic Mountain (1924), and the tetralogy Joseph and His Brethren (1933-43).

Manning, Reverend Charles E.
In 1908, Secretary of the Home Mission Board of the Methodist Church. Pratt was writing him from his student mission-field in south-eastern Saskatchewan.

Markowitz, Jacob [Marko]
(1901-69) A graduate of the Universities of Toronto and Glasgow, Professor of Research in Experimental Surgery at the University of Toronto, Markowitz was a staunch supporter of the CPM (Canadian Poetry Magazine). With the Royal Army Medical Corps, he was taken prisoner at the fall of Singapore in February 1942 and spent several years as a Japanese prisoner-of-war. He and Pratt were close friends.

Marquis, Thomas Guthrie
(1864-1936) Prolific minor author of historical romances and history texts who contributed many titles to the Ryerson History Reader series. His King's Wish (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1924) was a novel for adolescents. He and Lorne Pierce, publisher of the Ryerson Press, were friends for many years.

Marriott, Anne
(1913-97) Born in Victoria, B.C., Marriott is best known for her powerful picture of the prairies during the Depression in The Wind Our Enemy (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1939). She also published several other volumes of poetry, including Calling Adventurers (1941), Salt Marsh (1942), Sandstone and Other Poems (1945), all with Ryerson Press, and, after a long period of silence, Letters from Some Islands (Oakville: Mosaic, 1981), The Circular Coast: Poems New and Selected (Oakville: Mosaic, 1981) and Aqua (Toronto: Wolsak and Wynn, 1992). Marriott was on the committee which founded Contemporary Verse (1941-52), edited by her mentor Alan Crawley.

Marsden, Joyce
A friend of Claire Pratt, otherwise unidentified.

Marston, John
(1575-1634) English dramatist best known for his tragicomedy The Malcontent.

Martin, Burns
Professor of English at Dalhousie. Frequently reviewing books for the Dalhousie Review, he had treated Pratt's Still Life very harshly in 1943.

Martyn, Howe
(b. 1906) Born in Bowmanville, Ontario, in 1930 Martyn was a recent graduate of Victoria College. He became editor of the Canadian Bookman in the 1930s, and later for many years Professor of International Business at American University, in Washington.

Mary Ellen
A school friend of Claire Pratt.

Masefield, John
(1878-1967) An English poet and writer, Masefield was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom from 1930 until his death.

the Masons
The Masons were a noisy and quarrelsome family who rented the cottage next to the Pratt family in Bobcaygeon.

Massey, Raymond
(1896-1983) Brother of Vincent Massey, Raymond was a stage, film, and television actor who participated in a dramatic reading of Stephen Vincent Benét's John Brown's Body in 1953. Born in Toronto, Raymond Massey became an American citizen following World War II.

Massey, Vincent
(1887-1967) Born in Toronto, at various times Canadian Ambassador in Washington, Canadian High Commissioner to Great Britain, Chancellor of the University of Toronto, and Governor General of Canada (1952-9). His chief literary contributions were public addresses notable for their oratorical eloquence.

Masson, Henri
(1907-96) Belgium-born artist Masson had lived in Ottawa since 1921. Trained as an engraver, he was influenced by the Group of Seven, but was largely self-taught as a painter. By the mid-1940s, he was able to support himself through his art.

Masson, Miss

Maugham, Somerset
(1874-1965) British novelist, short-story writer, and playwright. Best known for novels such as Of Human Bondage (1915), The Painted Veil (1925), Cakes and Ale (1930), The Razor's Edge (1945), and Catalina (1948). His plays include Lady Frederick (1907), The Tenth Man (1910), Our Betters (1917), The Circle (1921), The Letter, and For Services Rendered (1933).

The actor who narrated They Are Returning in the CBC broadcast aired 1 July 1945; otherwise unidentified.

Mazzoleni, Ettore [Mazzolini (sic)]
(1905-68) Born in Switzerland, Mazzoleni was a musician, composer, and conductor. He was also a teacher at the Toronto (later Royal) Conservatory of Music, and for some years its Principal.

McAree, J.V.
(1876-1958) The son of Ulster immigrants, McAree grew up in Toronto and was a columnist for the Toronto Mail and Empire (later the Globe and Mail). His work was published in a collection, The Fourth Column (Toronto: Macmillan, 1934), and he also published a memoir of his childhood, Cabbagetown Store (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1953). He worked at the Globe and Mail until his death.

McArthur, Duncan
(1885-1943) A graduate of Queen's University, McArthur was Head of the Department of History there (1922-34), Deputy Minister of Education for Ontario (1934-40), and Minister of Education (1940-3).

McArthur, Peter
(1866-1924) Ontario writer.

McCauley, Ina H.
A friend of the Pratts, born (c. 1895) in Belleville, Ina McCauley taught school for many years in London, Ontario.

McClelland, Jack
(1922-2004) Born in Toronto and educated at the University of Toronto, McClelland began working at his father's publishing company, McClelland and Stewart, in 1946. In 1961 he became president, and he sold the company in 1985.

McClung, Nellie
(1873-1951) Politician, suffragist, social reformer, and writer, McClung is best remembered for her role in the 'Persons Case' which saw women declared as 'persons' under the law in 1929. Her books include the novel Sowing Seeds in Danny (New York: Doubleday, 1908) and her two-volume autobiography, Clearing in the West: My Own Story (Toronto: Thomas Allen, 1935) and The Stream Runs Fast (Toronto: Thomas Allen, 1945).

McConnell, William C. [Bill]
(1917-2001) Vancouver lawyer who, in the 1930s, was part of the 'English Bay Bath House Group' which included Dorothy Livesay, and in the 1940s, while completing his legal studies, was part of the literary circle of Earle Birney and Roy Daniells. Later he was friend and advisor to Malcolm Lowry. He published fiction based on his legal experience in various journals, and from 1957 to 1974 he was co-editor and publisher of Klanak Press.

McCool, Katherine
Textbook editor and subsequent Editor-in-Chief at Gage and Company.

McCorkell, Father Edmund
(1891-1980) A former professor of English at St. Michael's College, Toronto and Principal of St. Thomas More College, Saskatoon, McCorkell was Superior General of the Order of Basilian Fathers (1942-54).

McCullogh, Ernest [Ernie]
A prominent Toronto physician.

McDonald, Dr. John
A Toronto surgeon and friend of the family.

McDowell, Franklin [Frank]
(1888-1965) A publicity man for the CNR, editor of the CNR Magazine, and sometime free-lance journalist, in 1939 he won a Governor General's medal for his novel The Champlain Road (Toronto: Macmillan, 1939), which dealt with some of the same historical material as Pratt's Brébeuf and His Brethren.

McDowell, Kathleen
Wife of Franklin McDowell.

McEvoy, Bernard
(1842-1932) England-born newspaperman who worked at the Toronto Mail and Empire, and the Vancouver Daily Province. He published several books of verse but is best known for his From the Great Lakes to the Wide West (Toronto: Briggs, 1902).

McEwen, Doris [later Doris Phair]
A friend of Ida Pashley, with whom she worked as a real estate agent.

McFarlane, Leslie
(1902-77) Born in Haileybury, Ontario, McFarlane published many popular stories in various journals, as well as books of juvenile fiction, mainly in the Hardy Boys series as Franklin W. Dixon. He and Pratt met at the Toronto Writers' Club in 1932 and quickly became good friends.

McGrew, Julia
A friend of Claire Pratt.

McGuigan, Archbishop James Charles
(1894-1974) He became the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Toronto in 1935. He was elevated to Cardinal in 1945.

McInnes, James Campbell [Campbell-McInnes]
(1874-1945) Celebrated English baritone.

McInnis, Edgar [MacInnes (sic)]
(1899-1973) For many years a professor of History at the University of Toronto. The author of many publications on historical subjects, he twice won the Governor General's medal for non-fiction.

McKay, Mr.

McKenzie, J. Vernon
(b. 1887) Born in New York and educated in Toronto, McKenzie was editor of Maclean's from 1920 to 1926, and later taught journalism at the Universities of Toronto and Washington (in Seattle).

McLaren, Floris Clarke
(b. 1904) A British Columbia writer, born in Alaska, Floris McLaren published in magazines and one book, Frozen Fire (Toronto: Macmillan, 1937), verse that dwells mainly on the Western landscape and Pacific seascape. McLaren was among the group assisting Alan Crawley produce Contemporary Verse, serving as Associate Editor.

McLaughlin, Hugh
(b. 1892) Along with his brother William, McLaughlin was a partner in the Toronto law firm McLaughlin, Johnston, Moorhead and MacAulay, legal consultants to Macmillan Canada.

McLaughlin, William [Billy]
(b. 1894) Along with his brother Hugh, McLaughlin was a partner in the Toronto law firm McLaughlin, Johnston, Moorhead and MacAulay, legal consultants to Macmillan Canada.

McLean, J. Alden
(1912-92) First professor of animal husbandry at the Ontario Agricultural College. He maintained his connection with the institution.

McLean, James Stanley [J.S.; MacLean (sic)]
(1876-1954) A graduate of the University of Toronto, McLean was founder and long-time president of Canada Packers. McLean was a patron of the arts and a generous contributor to hospitals and medical charities. He and Pratt though good friends were never intimate 'cronies.'

McLean, Norman
Son of James Stanley McLean and a director of the J.S. McLean Foundation.

McLeod, John Andrew
A native of Prince Edward Island, McLeod had been bank manager in Harbour Grace (1895-7) and in St John's (1898-1900).

McLuhan, Marshall
(1911-80) Celebrated later for studies of media and communications including The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographical Man (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1962), Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (New York: McGraw Hill, 1964), and The Medium is the Message: An Inventory of Effects (New York: Random House, 1967), in 1949 he was an Associate Professor at St. Michael's College, Toronto.

McQueen, Angus J.
Minister of St. Andrew's United Church, London and Moderator of the United Church from 1958 to 1960.

McQueen, Robert [Pete]
(1896-1941) Professor of Economics and Head of the Department at the University of Manitoba, and a director of the Bank of Canada. He died in a plane crash in February 1941.

McRae, Robert F.
(b. 1914) A graduate of the University of Toronto and Johns Hopkins, McRae taught Philosophy at Toronto from 1947 to 1979. George Johnston married his sister Jeanne.

McRaye, Walter Jackson [old codger]
(1877-1946) Entertainer and agent, McRaye was a co-performer with poetess Pauline Johnson from 1900 to 1909 and traveled with her in the United States, Great Britain, and Canada. He toured alone for many years giving recitals and lectures on Canadian topics. He was Pratt's friend for many years.

McWilliams, Roland F.
(b. 1974) Born and educated in Ontario, a lawyer by profession, McWilliams was Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba (1940-53).

Meech, Richard
(b. 1893) Born in Toronto, a lawyer by profession, Meech was Vice-President of Loblaw Groceterias and a Director of the Great Lakes Paper Company. He and Pratt were friends for many years.

Meighen, Arthur
(1874-1960) Born in Ontario and a lawyer by profession, Meighen held cabinet posts under Prime Minister Robert Borden, before serving two brief terms as Prime Minister in the 1920s. Defeated by Mackenzie King in 1926, he quit politics until appointed to the Senate in 1932. He later settled in Toronto as a Bay Street financier.

An acquaintance in Kingston, Ontario.

Melvin, G. Spencer
Member of the Faculty of Medicine at Queen's University.

Merkel, Andrew D.
(b. 1884) An occasional poet and Atlantic Superintendent of the Canadian Press.

Miller, Phoebe Florence [Florence]
(1889-1979) Miller was born and lived at Topsail, Newfoundland, where she served as postmistress. Her verse appeared mainly in local papers. Her book In Caribou Land was published by Ryerson Press in 1929.

Miller, Norman
(b. 1889) Born in Ontario, educated at Queen's and Harvard Universities, Miller was Professor of Mathematics at Queen's 1919-56.

Milligan, Reverend Dr. George S.
(1829-1902) Superintendant of Education for the Methodist Church in Newfoundland from 1874 to 1899 and four-time President of the Newfoundland Methodist Conference. John Pratt was a great admirer of Milligan and named his fourth son after him: Arthur Milligan.

Millman, Marjorie
A Toronto acquaintance; relative of a close friend of E.J. Pratt.

Milton, John
(1608-74) English poet best known for his poem Paradise Lost.

Miner, Jack
(1865-1944) Known as 'Wild Goose Jack,' Miner was a Canadian conservationist who established a sanctuary for Canada geese on his farm.

Minkler, Frederick W.
(1903-70) Inspector of schools, and later Director of Education in North York and chairman of the first board of governors of Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology (Willowdale, Ontario).

Minnis, Mrs.
A neighbour of the Pratts, otherwise unidentified.

Moe, Henry Allen
(1894-1975) A trustee of the Guggenheim Foundation in New York from 1945 to 1966.

Moffit, Emma
A long-time friend of Viola Pratt. She taught English at the School for the Blind in Brantford, Ontario, and later at Brantford Collegiate.

Monroe, Harriet
(1860-1936) American poet best remembered for having founded in 1912 and edited until her death the influential magazine, Poetry: A Magazine of Verse. Often referred to as Poetry (Chicago), it provided an outlet for many new, young poets of the time who felt compelled to break with the established tradition. Pratt submitted poems to Poetry, but none was accepted until 1941.

Monteith, Lionel
Editor of Poetry Commonwealth.

Montgomery, Lucy Maud
(1874-1942) Canadian author best known for the Anne of Green Gables series of novels.

Moore, Arthur B.B. [Art]
(1906-2004) Canadian Moderator of the United Church (1971-72) and President and Vice-Chancellor of Victoria University from 1950 to 1970.

Moore, Dora Mavor
(1888-1979) Born in Scotland, graduate of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, Moore made her acting debut in Ottawa in 1912. She had a varied career as performer, teacher, director, and founder of theatrical groups, including the New Play Society in 1946.

Moore, E.J.
Advertising Manager and editor at Ryerson Press. William Arthur Deacon had accused him of making unauthorized changes in the text of his book, Pens and Pirates (1923), and Pratt suspected Moore of errors and alterations in Newfoundland Verse.

Moore, James Mavor
(1919-2006) Canadian playwright, actor, radio, and television producer, as well as a professor at York University (1970-84) and Chairman of the Canada Council (1979-83).

Moore, Henry Napier
(b. 1893) Born in England, Moore worked for several Canadian papers and journals. He was editor of Maclean's from 1926 to 1944, when he became Editorial Director of Maclean-Hunter Publishing.

Morgan-Powell, Samuel
(1867-1962) British by birth, Morgan-Powell was for many years Literary Editor of the Montreal Star. He reviewed Newfoundland Verse for the Star and became a devotee of Pratt's poetry and a casual friend. Pratt wrote a foreword to a book of his verse, Down the Years (Toronto: Macmillan), which he published in 1938.

Morine, Sir Alfred B.
(1857-1944) Born in Nova Scotia, Morine was a journalist, lawyer, and representative of Bonavista Bay in the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly.

Morley, Christopher [Chris]
(1890-1957) American novelist, essayist, literary columnist, and sometime contributing editor of Saturday Review of Literature.

Morley, Helen
Wife of Christopher Morley.

Morrison, Hugh W.
(1908-2006) Graduate of University of Alberta and Oxford (Rhodes Scholar), he worked as a reporter for the Toronto Star and editor of Star Weekly from 1934 to 1937. He served as the first Director of Talks and Public Affairs at the CBC from 1938 to 1942. Morrison worked in public relations in New York before returning to Canada in 1948 as Head of the CBC International's Latin American Service.

Munro, Dr. Henry Fraser
Superintendent of Education for the province of Nova Scotia and Director of the Nova Scotia Teachers' Summer School. He hired Pratt to teach in the Summer School in 1931-3, and again in 1945, and sponsored Pratt's temporary membership in the Halifax Club during his stays in Halifax.

Murphy, Emily [née Ferguson]
(1868-1933). Born in Ontario, Murphy lived most of her life in Western Canada, where she was a writer (as 'Janey Canuck'), feminist, social reformer, and the first woman magistrate in the British Empire. Pratt met her on his 1927 Western tour.

Murphy, Father Stanley
Head of Assumption College (later the University of Windsor) and a member of the Basilian Order, Murphy established the still-running Christian Culture Series during the Depression.

Murray, William Ewart Gladstone [W.E.G.]
(l892-1970) Formerly with the BBC, he was General Manager of the CBC from 1936 to 1942.

Myers, Mr.
Warden of Union College where Pratt stayed while teaching Summer Session at the University of British Columbia.

Jack Myles
The neighbour's dog.

Myles, Mrs. [Mrs. Miles (sic)]
A neighbour of the Pratts on Cortleigh Boulevard, owner of the dog Jack.


Nash, Thomas
First husband of William Shakespeare's grand-daughter, Elizabeth Hall, daughter of Susanna. Thomas Nash of Stratford is not to be confused with Thomas Nash (or Nashe), the Elizabethan poet, playwright and prose writer.

Neish, Arthur
A biologist at Queen's University in 1939. He later joined the National Research Council, where he made a considerable name for himself as a pioneer in plant biotechnology.

Nelligan, Charles L.
(1894-1974) Born in Prince Edward Island, Nelligan was made Bishop of Pembroke in 1937 and Military Bishop of the Armed Forces in 1939. He was Professor of History, French, and Theology at Assumption College.

Neville, Herbert John Nelles [Jack]
In 1926-27, Jack Neville, who had worked as a broker in New York, conducted a successful confidence game in Southern Ontario. He convinced Pratt to invest, and Pratt convinced several of his friends and family to invest their life-savings. Neville disappeared and the money was never recovered (EJP: TY, 335-9).

Neville, K.P.R.
(b. 1876) Professor of Classics and Registrar at the University of Western Ontario (1917-47) and Dean of Arts (1927-47).

Neville, Reverend Prosper
A Methodist minister and a family friend of Arthur Phelps; father of confidence man Jack Neville. (See EJP: TY, 335.)

Newbolt, Henry
(1862-1938) English poet best known for Vitai Lampada.

Newell, Isaac [Ike]
(1917-78) Born in Newfoundland, educated at Memorial College in St John's, Queen's and Duke Universities, Newell was a professor of English at Queen's from 1951 until his death.

Newton, Ted
An associate professor at McGill University. In 1943, he was attached to the WIB (Wartime Information Board) and stationed in New York.

The Pratts' house-maid.

Nims, John Frederick
(1913-99) An American poet, Nims was born in Muskegon, Michigan and educated at DePaul University, the University of Notre Dame, and the University of Chicago, where he received his PhD in 1945. Pratt had gotten to know him when he had been a visiting professor at Toronto in 1945-6. He was a contributor to Five Young American Poets Volume III (1944) and went on to publish several books of poetry, including The Iron Pastoral (New York: William Sloane, 1947), A Fountain in Kentucky (New York: William Sloane, 1950), Knowledge of the Evening (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1960), The Kiss: A Jambalaya (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1982), The Six-Cornered Snowflake and Other Poems (New York: New Directions, 1990), and Zany in Denim (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1990), as well as textbooks and critical studies.

Noble, William
Nom-de-plume of Harold Horwood.

Norman, Gwen
Daughter of Dr. James Norman, the Pratts' family physician.

Norman, Dr. James [Jimmie]
The Pratt family's doctor and a personal friend.

Norman, Jessie
Wife of Dr. James Norman.

Norwood, Gilbert
(1880-1954) British-born, Norwood had come to the University of Toronto as Professor of Classics in the summer of 1926.

Norwood, Robert
An Episcopalian minister, Norwood was born in Nova Scotia and educated at Bishop's College in Quebec and King's College in Nova Scotia, where he studied under Charles G.D. Roberts. In 1898 he published a chapbook of poetry, Driftwood (North Sydney, NS: W. Lane), co-written with Charles Vernon.


O'Brien, Arthur H.
(1865-1957) Born and educated in Toronto, O'Brien was a lawyer by profession who acted as legal counsel for the CAA, and financial manager of CPM, for many years. O'Brien was a thorn in Earle Birney's side during his brief tenure as editor of CPM, as Birney's frequent letters of complaint to William Arthur Deacon testify.

O'Dowd, Patrick
(1866-1953) Australian poet whose Collected Poems (Melbourne: Lothian, 1941) have a strong socialist bent.

O'Hearn, Walter
(b. 1910) Montreal newsman who succeeded Morgan-Powell as Literary Editor of the
Montreal Star, serving from 1954 to 1958 when he was appointed Editor-in-Chief.

O'Leary, Michael Grattan
(1889-1976) Born in Percé in Gaspé, Quebec, O'Leary was for many years a leading journalist attached to the Ottawa Journal, and a member of the parliamentary press gallery, eventually becoming editor. A staunch member of the Conservative Party, he was appointed to the Senate by Prime Minister John Diefenbaker in 1962.


O'Reilly, Helen
Replacement for Ellen Elliott when she resigned from Macmillan's in 1947.

Ogilvie, Will
(1901-89) Canadian painter and war artist.

Claire's cousin, Ralph Whitney's daughter.

Osborne, Henry Campbell [Harry]
(1874-1949) Colonel Henry Osborne was a career soldier who had served in the First World War. He was Secretary General for Canada of the Imperial War Graves Commission and a founder of the Dominion Drama Festival. Pratt had known him when he lived in Toronto before moving to Ottawa.

Osborne, Yvonne
Wife of Henry Osborne.

Outerbridge, Sir Leonard
(1888-1986) A lawyer by training, Outerbridge abandoned the law for commerce and was director of several large commercial firms. Knighted for service on the home front in World War II, he was Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland 1949-57.


Pacey, William Cyril Desmond [Des, Desmond]
(1917-75) Born in New Zealand and educated in England and in Canada, Pacey taught English at Brandon College in Manitoba (1940-4) and in 1944 moved to the University of New Brunswick, remaining there in several academic and administrative posts until his death. Best remembered for his championship of Canadian literature and studies, he published Creative Writing in Canada: A Short History of English-Canadian Literature (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1952), Ten Canadian Poets: A Group of Biographical and Critical Essays (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1958), several books on Frederick Philip Grove, and many scholarly articles.

Pacey, Mary
Wife of Desmond Pacey.

Packard, F.C., Jr.
Associate Professor at Harvard University in 1946, Packard was the Editor of Harvard Vocarium Records, a subsidiary of the Harvard Film Service.

Page, Patricia Kathleen [P.K.]
(1916-2010) Born in England, raised and educated in Alberta, Page first published poems in various magazines and in Unit of Five (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1944), a collection of verse by five young poets: Louis Dudek, Ronald Hambleton, P.K. Page, Raymond Souster, and James Wreford. She subsequently published The Sun and the Moon (Toronto: Macmillan, 1944), As Ten as Twenty (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1946), Cry Ararat! (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1967), Evening Dance of the Grey Flies (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1981), The Glass Air (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1985), and Hologram: A Book of Glosas (London, ON: Brick Books, 1994), and several other volumes. In 1954, The Metal and the Flower (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart) won the Governor General's award for poetry, and in 2010 she was nominated for the Griffin Prize for Canadian poetry. She was also a successful painter under the name P.K. Irwin.

Parker, Harley
A close friend of Marshall McLuhan, with whom he later collaborated on a book, Through the Vanishing Point: Space in Poetry and Painting (New York: Harper & Row 1968).

Parkman, Francis
(1823-93) American historian whose Jesuits of North America (1867) was a major source for Pratt's Brébeuf and His Brethren.

Parks, Dr. Arthur E.
A medical doctor, he was Medical Director of the Canada Life Assurance Company.

Parsons, Mrs. Horace
Secretary of the Toronto Branch of the CAA.

Pascal, Gabriel
Hungarian-born film producer famous for his adaptations of the plays of George Bernard Shaw (e.g. Pygmalion, Major Barbara, Caesar and Cleopatra). Planning to film Paul Gallico's Dunkirk novelette, The Snow Goose (1940), he had come to Canada to film snow geese at Jack Miner's bird sanctuary in Kingsville, Ontario. Learning that Pratt was writing a poem on Dunkirk, he asked him to supply verse to be used in the movie. Pratt did so and was promised a substantial payment, but the film was never made and Pratt was never paid. The verse written for the film vanished, though abortive lines on the snow goose theme appear in the Dunkirk MSS in the Pratt Collection at Victoria College Library.

Pashley, Ida [Pash]
A family friend and a realtor, Pashley was one of the founders of the Talents Service Club to which both Viola and Claire Pratt belonged.

Patterson, Mrs.
Employee at the New York office of the Macmillan Company.

Patterson, Harry Thomas [Tom]
(1920-2005) A British-born, Stratford, Ontario businessman whose initiative and enterprise were the primary impulses behind the inauguration of the Shakespearean Festival at Stratford in 1953.

One of Claire Pratt's art teachers, along with Dorothy Austin.

Pearson, Lester B. [Mike]
(1897-1972) Born in Ontario and educated at Victoria College and Oxford University, Pearson taught history at Victoria College in the 1920s before joining the Department of External Affairs. From 1935 to 1948 he held several high government offices at home and abroad before serving as Minister of External Affairs, leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, and Prime Minister 1963-1968. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to bring peace to the Middle East in 1956. He and Pratt had been friends since the 1920s.

Pearson, Marion [née Maryon Elspeth Moody]
Wife of Lester B. Pearson; Pratt had taught her at Victoria College in 1920.

Peene, Vida
(1898-1978) Hamilton born Vida Peene was a graduate of the University of Toronto and the Ontario College of Art, and a 'practical patron' of the arts in Canada, especially the visual and performing arts. She was director of the National Ballet of Canada (1955-8), a member of the Canada Council (1957-61), president of the Dominion Drama Festival (1962-4), and director of the Canadian Music Centre (1964-70). She was awarded the Order of Canada in 1970.

Penfield, Wilder
(1891-1976) Celebrated neurologist and neurosurgeon at McGill University.

Penfold, Reverend John
Taught at the Jesuit seminary at Guelph.

Penny, Charlie
A neighbourhood garage and service station operator.

Perry, Bliss
(1860-1954) Noted American author, scholar, and professor, Perry taught English Literature at Princeton (1893-9) and at Harvard (1899-1930) Universities. He was the author of many books, fiction and non-fiction. Douglas Bush had been his student in the 1920s.

Perry, Dr.
Head of English Department, University of Buffalo.

Perry, Martha Eugenie
(1898-1958) Born in Ontario, Perry lived most of her life in Victoria, B.C. She wrote varied items for journals on both sides of the Atlantic, published a book on the deaf, a book of fiction, and four of verse.

Phelps, Ann
Daughter of Arthur and Lila Phelps; later Mrs. J.D. Hamilton.

Phelps, Arthur Leonard [Art]
(1887-1970) Born in Columbus, Ontario, he received his B.A. from Victoria College in 1913. Phelps was ordained a Methodist minister in 1913, but left the ministry to teach English at Cornell College in Iowa in 1920. In 1921, he took up a position at Wesley College, later part of the University of Winnipeg (1921-45). After serving as General Supervisor of CBC's International Service for two years, he moved to McGill University (1947-53). As a poet, Phelps published only two small books, Poems (Mount Vernon, Iowa: The English Club of Cornell College, 1921) and A Bobcaygeon Chapbook (Lindsay, Ont.: Author, 1922), but his chief literary work was as a critic. He is best known as a commentator on Canadian affairs in various CBC radio series, including the long-running Sunday morning Neighbourly News. He and Pratt were life-long friends.
Arthur L. Phelps, c1922

Phelps, Gwlad [Gladys, Glad (sic)]
Sister of Arthur Phelps.

Phelps, Lila [Lal]
Lila Irene Nicholls married Arthur Phelps in 1915.

A longtime friend of the family, referred to as 'Auntie Phoebe' when Claire Pratt was a child (see the letter to Claire Pratt, 10 July 1939).

Pickthall, Marjorie
(1883-1922) Born in England, Pickthall lived in Toronto from 1890 to 1912. Before her early death, she published two books of poetry – Drift of Pinions (Montreal: University Magazine, 1913) and The Lamp of Poor Souls (Toronto: S.B. Gundy, 1916) – as well as the verse drama The Woodcarver's Wife (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1922), 200 short stories, and three novels, two for children. Pratt knew her as a librarian at Victoria College.

Pidgeon, Reverend George C.
(1872-1971) Minister of Bloor Street United Church, Toronto from 1915 to 1948, he was the first moderator of the United Church after its inception in 1925.

Pierce, Lorne A. [Mephisto, old thing, old Lucifer, old Beeswax, Lord and Editor]
(1890-1961) A graduate of Queen's and several other universities, Pierce was ordained to the Methodist ministry in 1916. From 1920 to 1960 he was editor-in-chief of Ryerson Press (formerly the Methodist Book Room), which he made into one of the most productive publishing houses in Canada. An ardent literary nationalist, Pierce not only encouraged and published Canadian authors, but wrote many books and pamphlets on Canadian literary, educational, and religious subjects. In 1926, he endowed a prize – the Lorne Pierce Medal – to be awarded by the Royal Society 'in annual recognition of achievement in imaginative and critical literature.' In 1922 Pierce accepted Pratt's first collection of poems, Newfoundland Verse.
Lorne Pierce

Pike, William H. [Will]
Newfoundland-born probationary minister, friend and classmate of Pratt. Ordained in 1911, Pike served mainly ethnic Methodist missions in Western Canada. No relation to Willis Pike.

Pike, Willis [Uncle Billy]
A Bell Island resident; Pratt frequently visited Pike and his wife and three daughters when he served the Portugal Cove-Bell Island Methodist circuit as a probationary minister in 1905-7.

Pincock, Clayton
(1885-1976) Born at Little Bay Islands, Pincock grew up in Newfoundland and was educated at St. John's Methodist College and Mount Allison University. He worked as an educator for many years in Manitoba and was one of the founders of Greenwood United Church in Winnipeg.

Pincock, Jenny O'Hara [Jen]
(1890-1948) Wife of Newton Pincock, the former Jenny O'Hara, was an ardent spiritualist, accomplished musician, and amateur poet. Her The Trails of Truth (Los Angeles, California: Austin, 1930) includes an 'Account of this Seance under Mrs. X's pen' which was identified by Claire Pratt as being by her mother (76-80), and E.J. Pratt wrote the foreward to Hidden Springs: A Narrative Poem of Old Upper Canada and Other Poems (Waterloo, Ont.: [n.s.] 1950).

Pincock, Newton [Newt]
(1884-1928) Born in Newfoundland, where his father, Reverend James Pincock, was, like Pratt's, a British-born Methodist minister, Pincock had been a boyhood friend of Pratt. An osteopath, he practised in St. Catharine's, Ontario, where Pratt visited him and his wife and later attended some of their spiritualist seances.

Pippy, Ches
A prominent St. John's businessman and director of numerous commercial firms who was noted for his community interests and philanthropy.

Pilkington, Norah [née Holden]
(1905-92) Former graduate student at Victoria College 1929-31.

Pitt, David G.
(b. 1921) Professor Emeritus at Memorial University, where he was a founding member of the faculty and longtime chair of the Department of English. He was awarded the University of British Columbia Award for Biography for The Truant Years (1984), the first volume of his biography of E.J. Pratt, and was a runner up for the City of Toronto Book Award in 1985 for the same book. He has been awarded a Humanities Research Council Fellowship for Newfoundland and a Canada Council Senior Fellowship, and was chosen Artist of the Year by the Newfoundland and Labrador Arts Council in 1989.

Pitts, John
Great-grandfather of E.J. Pratt.

Pomeroy, Elsie M.
(1886-1968) Pomeroy was a close confidante of C.G.D. Roberts during the last fifteen years of his life. Her book, Sir Charles G.D. Roberts: A Biography, was published by Ryerson Press in 1943.

Potter, William A.
A member of the Department of Oriental Studies at the University of Toronto; Professor from 1925. He died while on research leave in 1931.

Potts, Paul
(1911-90) Although he grew up in British Columbia, Potts lived most of his life in London, making his living selling poems on the street and writing book reviews for the London Sunday Telegraph.

Powell, Mr. and Mrs.

Pratt, Agnes [née Horwood]
Wife of Calvert Coates Pratt.

Pratt, Arthur Milligan [Art]
(1886-1961) E.J. Pratt's brother. In 1924, he lived with his new wife, Maud, in Liverpool, where he was in business. Pratt made their home his headquarters during his visit to Britain.

Pratt, Calvert Coates [Cal]
(1888-1963) The youngest of Pratt's surviving brothers. A prominent St. John's businessman, and president or director of a number of commercial firms, he was named to the Canadian Senate in 1951. He was widely known for his philanthropic benefactions.

Pratt, Calvert
(b. 1921) E.J. Pratt's nephew; Calvert Coates Pratt's younger son.

Pratt, Charlotte Pitts
See Charlotte Harris.

Pratt, Claire
See Mildred Claire Pratt.

Pratt, Daphne
See Daphne House.

Pratt, Edwin John [E.J., Ned]
Pratt at Lake O'Hara, ready to climb Cathedral Mountain, July 1913
Pratt in 1926
Pratt in the summer of 1951 on the verandah at the Clarkes' cottage.
Pratt in 1962

Pratt, Ewart
E.J. Pratt's nephew; elder son of E.J. Pratt's brother Cal.

Pratt, Fanny Pitts Knight
Mother of E.J. Pratt.
John and Fanny Pratt, St. John's, 1901, dressed for presentation to the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York (later King George V and Queen Mary)
E.J. Pratt, his daughter Claire, and his mother at her St. John's home, June 1925

Pratt, Florence Sophia [Floss, Poss, Possie]
(1892-1984) One of Pratt's three sisters. She never married and lived most of her adult life in Toronto.

Pratt, James
(1792-1858) Grandfather of E.J. Pratt, James was a leadminer who worked most of his life in the Old Gang mines at Gunnerside in Yorkshire. In 1813, he married Sarah Bell, who bore him thirteen children, five of whom died in infancy. The family lived for a time at Barnard Castle near Durham. Poorly educated, the family were converts to Methodism. (See EJP: TY, 4-6.)

Pratt, James Charles Spurgeon [Jim]
Brother of E.J. Pratt.

Pratt, Reverend John [Johnny]
Father of E.J.Pratt.
The Pratt family, 1895.
Seated Left to Right: John, Charlotte, Floss, William, Arthur, Fanny. Standing Left to Right: Edwin, James. Reclining, Calvert. Nellie was born the following year.

Pratt, John Kerr [Jack]
(1909-80) Eldest son of Pratt's brother James. A St. John's businessman, he was father of the painter Christopher Pratt.

Pratt, Mary
Wife of Calvert Pratt, E.J. Pratt's nephew.

Pratt, Maud
Wife of Arthur Pratt.

Pratt, Mildred Claire [Claire; Cakey, Caykey, Kako, Kaky, Cakes and Ale, Cayke, Pie, Pumpkins, Sugar; Chick, Duckings, little Princess; Lovins; Rosie]
(18 March 1921-5 April 1995) The only child of E.J. and Viola Pratt, Claire was an artist (woodcuts and wood engravings), writer, editor, and poet (haiku). She contracted polio in her right leg in the fall of 1925, undergoing numerous operations between 1925 and 1936 to straighten it, and suffered from osteomeylitis and other painful medical complications throughout her life. In 1954, her spine was fused and she spent 20 months in a body cast; in 1965 she was finally unable to continue her career as an editor.

Claire was educated at Victoria College, where, despite being hospitalized for much her final year, she won the gold medal in Philosophy in 1944, and at Columbia University graduate school in International Studies. In 1944, she and a friend started The Book Truck (1945-6), which became the Claire Pratt Book Service (1947-50); and she worked as an editor with Harvard University Press (1951-4) and McClelland & Stewart (1955-65), working with such authors as Margaret Laurence and Irving Layton. Her published work includes two books of verse, Haiku (1965) and The Music of Oberon ( New Britain, CT: Robert E. Massmann, 1975), and a history of the Pratt family, The Silent Ancestors (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1971), and her art was widely shown in Canada and the United Staes throughout the 1960s and 70s. She was active in Amnesty International and the Women's Legal Education and Action Fund.
E.J. Pratt and Claire Pratt at Bobcaygeon, c1931
Claire and Viola, 1937
Claire and Viola, 1954

Pratt, Minnie
Wife of James Pratt.

Pratt, Nellie Beatrice
(b. 1896) Unmarried sister of E.J. Pratt, who was a nurse in New York.

Pratt, Sarah Ann
Sister of John Pratt; aunt of E.J. Pratt.

Pratt, Sarah Bell
Grandmother of E.J. Pratt.

Pratt, Viola Leone Whitney [Vi, mother, old darling, your Majesty, ducks; née Whitney]
(1893-1984) Born at Atherley, Ontario, Viola Whitney was a graduate of Victoria College and the Ontario College of Education. She married E.J. Pratt in August 1918, and over the years was manager of their very busy household and double careers. In addition to assisting her husband with the production of Canadian Poetry Magazine and with research for his books (most notably, The Last Spike), she was for many years an editor at the United Church Publishing House (Toronto), and the founding editor of the United Church children's magazine, World Friends (1929-55). She wrote and published several books, most notably Famous Doctors: Osler, Banting, Penfield (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1956), and Journeying with the Year (Toronto: The Women's Missionary Society of the United Church of Canada, 1957), a collection of short pieces, mostly her own, written for young readers during her twenty-six years as editor of World Friends. Intensely interested in the study of comparative religions, a social activist, and popular public speaker, she was awarded an honourary Doctorate of Sacred Letters by Victoria College for 'her outstanding literary contributions and ... rare combination of intellect, temperment, and faith.' She died in 1984.
Viola Leone Whitney, 1913
Pratt's wedding to Viola Whitney, 20 August 1918
Viola Pratt, 1962

Pratt, William Knight [Will]
(1878-1924) Pratt's eldest brother, who had left home as a young man and died 'under mysterious circumstances' in the United States.

Pratt, Yvonne [née Rorke]
Wife of Ewart Pratt.

Prendergast, Frank
A casual friend of Pratt, otherwise unidentified.

Priestley, Francis E.L.
(1905-90) Born in England and educated at the Universities of Alberta and Toronto, Priestley was professor at the Universities of Alberta (1931-6) and British Columbia (1940-4), before joining the Department of English at University College, Toronto, where he remained until retirement.

Priestley, J.B.
(1894-1984) English novelist, playwright, and broadcaster. The author of 26 novels, his first success was The Good Companions (London: William Heinemann, 1929); his best known play is An Inspector Calls (1945).


Proctor, A.H. [Bert]
(b. l878) President of Jones, Proctor Bros., Toronto Insurance Brokers.

Puddester, Gwenyth Pratt [Mrs. Harold Puddester]
Daughter of Pratt's brother Jim, married to the son of Sir John Puddester.

Puddester, Harold G.
(1905-80) A lawyer and judge of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland, Harold Puddester was married to Pratt's niece Gwenyth. Son of Sir John Puddester.

Puddester, Sir John
Member of Newfoundland's Commission of Government.



Ramsay, Dr.
Professor of Greek at the University of Saskatchewan at Saskatoon.

Manager of the firm hired to move the Pratts' furniture in 1953.

Ray, Margaret [Peggy]
Associate, later Head, Librarian at Victoria College.

Raymond, W.O.
Professor of English at Bishop's University, whom Pratt and G.H. Clarke had nominated for membership in the Royal Society of Canada in 1935.

Reaney, James
(1926-2008) An English professor at the University of Western Ontario, Reaney won the Governor General's medal for poetry with his first book, The Red Heart (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1949). He went on to publish many more works, mostly drama and poetry, winning a second Governor General's award in 1958 for A Suit of Nettles (Toronto: Macmillan), and a third in 1962 for the poetry volume Twelve Letters to a Small Town (Toronto: Ryerson Press) and his first book of plays, The Kildeer and Other Plays (Toronto: Macmillan).

Roddick, Lady [Amy Redpath]
Born Amy Redpath (c. 1880), widow of Montreal surgeon, medical professor and Dean of Medicine at McGill, Sir Thomas Roddick (1846-1923), she had by 1940 published a dozen or more volumes of verse. In 1940, she agreed to have her name on the masthead of CPM as a member of the Advisory Council on Awards.

the Reeds

Reeves, Wilfred
(b. 1901) A freelance journalist and advertising man, he and W.A. Deacon edited Open House (Ottawa: Graphic Press, 1931), to which many members of the Toronto Writers' Club contributed essays. Pratt's contribution was an attack on modernist poetry entitled 'The Fly-Wheel Lost' (Pursuits Amateur and Academic, 59-65).

Reynolds, Ella Julia
(1881-1970) Hamilton-born journalist, author and poet. She worked at the Hamilton Spectator from 1912 to 1945, writing music and theatre reviews as well as the book column, 'Under the Study Lamp,' and a weekly feature, 'Wren's Nest,' under the pen name of Jenny Wren.

Rhodenizer, Vernon B.
(l886-1968) A graduate of the University of Manitoba and of Harvard, Rhodenizer was Professor of English and Head of Department at Acadia University (1918-54).


Richardson, Lorne
Pratt met Richardson when Richardson was a professor at the Royal Military College in Kingston. In 1945 he was Director of Naval Education at the Department of National Defence.

Riddell, John Henry
(1863-1952) Riddell graduated from Victoria College in 1890, its final year in Cobourg. He was Principal of Wesley College in Winnipeg from 1917 to 1938 and a pioneer of education in the Canadian West.

Ridout, Denzil
(1886-1954) Born in England and educated at Victoria University, Ridout was a Methodist (United Church) minister who worked in the Methodist Book Room in Montreal. He also edited the United Church Record and served on the Missionary and Maintenance Committee.

Riese, Laura
Claire's French teacher at Victoria College.

Robbins, William [Bill]
(1909-95) Born in Cranbrook, B.C. and educated at the Universities of British Columbia and Toronto, William Robbins was Professor of English at the University of British Columbia until his retirement in 1977.

Roberts, Sir Charles G.D [Charlie, C.G.D.]
(1860-1943) New Brunswick-born poet and writer of short stories and prose romances, Roberts was one of the so-called 'Confederation poets.' He had taught at King's College in Nova Scotia, and later lived in new York and London before returning to Canada in 1925. He settled in Toronto. He produced ten books of poetry, but is best known for his early work including Orion, and Other Poems (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1880), In Divers Tones (Boston: E. Lothrop, 1886) and Songs of the Common Day (London: Longmans, Green, 1893), and for his Selected Poems (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1936). He was knighted in 1935.

Roberts, Ted
A part-time actor affiliated with King's College where he taught elocution and sometimes led the Glee Club choir.

Roberts, Theodore Goodridge [Theodore Goodrich (sic)]
(1877-1953) Brother of Charles G.D. Roberts. Born and educated in Fredericton, he spent many years in journalism in the U.S.A. and in Newfoundland. He published two books of verse and some thirty or more novels, mostly in a romantic vein.

Robertson, Grant
Son of John C. Robertson, he taught Greek at Victoria College.

Robertson, John Charles
(1864-1956) Former Professor of Classics and Dean of Arts at Victoria College until his retirement in 1932.

Robeson, Paul
(1898-1976) A black American actor, singer, and activist, Robeson played the lead role in a ground-breaking inter-racial production of Othello in 1943-4.

Robins, John D.
(1884-1952) Robins was a member of the Department of English at Victoria College; he was Head of the Department from 1941-52 and Head Librarian from 1945-52.

Robins, Leila
Wife of John D. Robins; she was an ardent supporter of the CCF and the League for Social Reconstruction.

Robinson, Edwin Arlington
(1869-1935) American poet, author of many volumes, Robinson is best remembered for his poem 'Miniver Cheevy.' His Man Against the Sky (New York: Macmillan, 1916) may have mildly influenced Pratt's The Iron Door. He won the Pulitzer Prize three times, for Collected Poems (New York: Macmillan, 1921), The Man Who Died Twice (New York: Macmillan, 1924), and Tristram (New York: The Literary Guild of America, 1927).

Robinson, Gilbert de Beauregard
(1906-92) An expert on symmetrical groups, he graduated from the University of Toronto in 1927 and completed his Ph.D. at Cambridge in 1931, returning to join the faculty at Toronto until his retirement in 1971. During the war, he was seconded to work on cyphers and codes, during which time he was one of the founding members of Carleton University.

Robinson, J. Alexander
Pratt's old teacher at Methodist College; founder and editor of the St. John's Daily News.

Robson, Albert H.
(1882-1939) Artist, engraver, printmaker, and writer; Secretary of the Toronto branch of the CAA. A founding member of the Arts and Letters Club, the CAA, and the Dominion Drama Festival, he is best remembered for sponsoring the Group of Seven painters at a time when their works were not in general public favour. He published Canadian Landscape Painters (Toronto: Ryerson Press) in 1932.

Roost, Bill
Name of a local Newfoundland boat.

Roper, Gordon
Professor of English at Trinity College, Toronto.

Housekeeper of Pratt's brother, Calvert Coates.

Rose, Ida
A new friend of Claire Pratt.

Rosenberger, Coleman
A New York journalist who wrote for several American papers. His review of the American edition of Pratt's Collected Poems (Knopf 1945) appeared in the New York Times Book Review, 20 May 1945, 5.

Ross, Jean
A graduate of Victoria University who had studied painting in China. She and Claire Pratt sometimes went sketching together.

Ross, Malcolm
(1911-2002) Born in Fredericton, N.B., educated at the Universities of New Brunswick, Toronto, and Cornell, Ross was on the WIB (Wartime Information Board) in 1943. Later professor of English at the University of Manitoba, and Queen's and Dalhousie Universities, he published several scholarly books and many articles. As the chief editor of the New Canadian Library Series, he had a tremendous influence on the formation of the canon of Canadian literature.

Ross, Philip Danksen [P.D.]
(1858-1949) Proprietor and editor of the Ottawa Journal for more than sixty years.

Ross, W.W.E. [Eustace]
(1894-1966) For many years a geophysicist at an observatory near Toronto, Ross published several books of verse.

Rouillard, C. Dana
Professor of French at University College and author of The Turk in French History, Thought and Literature, 1520-1660 (Boston: Harvard University Press, 1936). He and his wife Harriet were good friends of the Pratts.

Rouillard, Harriet
Wife of Dana Rouillard.

Rowell, Langford
Son of lawyer and politician Newton Wesley Rowell, Langford died of a blood disorder in 1923.
Langford Rowell

Rowell, Mrs.

Rowles, P. Winnie
Born in England, Rowles moved to Canada in 1910. She attended the University of Saskatchewan, where she competed in track and field and basketball.
Winnie Rowles at her cottage near Kingston, Ontario, summer 1946

Roy, Gabrielle
(1909-83) Born in Manitoba, Roy trained as a teacher at The Winnipeg Normal School and taught for some years before moving to Europe to work on her writing. When she returned to Canada in 1939, she settled in Montreal, the setting for her first novel, Bonheur d'occasion (Montréal: Sociétés Des Editions Pascal, 1945). Translated into English as The Tin Flute (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1947), it won a Governor General's Award and the Lorne Pierce Medal in 1947. Roy went on to win several more awards for her writing, including two more Governor General's Awards.

Roy, James A.
(b. 1884) Born in Scotland and educated at the University of Edinburgh, Roy taught English at Queen's University from 1920 until his retirement in 1950.

Ruddick, Bruce
(1915-92) A psychoanalyst who published verse in several magazines, he was a member of the 'Preview Group' of Montreal poets and critics who produced, and published, in Preview.

Rukeyser, Muriel
(1913-80) American poet, translator, biographer, and political activist.

Russel, H.Y.
Secretary-Treasurer of the Women's Canadian Club in Montreal.

Ryerson, Reverend Dr. Egerton
(1803-82) Celebrated Methodist preacher and educator.


Sage, Walter Noble
(l888-1963) Professor and Chair of the Department of History at the University of British Columbia and author of many articles and reviews. He was a specialist in the history of British Columbia.

Salverson, Laura Goodman
(1890-1970) In 1923, Goodman, who was of Icelandic origin, published her first novel, The Viking Heart (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1923), based on the experiences of Icelandic pioneers in Manitoba, to a generally warm reception. Her subsequent six novels were less successful, but her autobiography, Confessions of an Immigrant's Daughter (Toronto: Ryerson Press; London: Faber and Faber, 1939), is one of the best Canadian examples of the genre.

Samlalsingh, Wilma
A college friend of Claire Pratt, living in Trinidad.

Sandburg, Carl
(1878-1967) American poet.

Sanders, Wilfred
(b. 1907) Born in South Africa, and educated at the University of Toronto, Sanders worked as a journalist before being appointed Co-director of the Canadian Institute of Public Opinion in 1941.

Sanderson, Charles R.
(1887-1956) Head Librarian at the Toronto Public Library from 1937 to 1956.

Sandwell, Bernard Kebel [B.K.]
(1876-1954) As the editor of Saturday Night (1932-52), Sandwell was a highly influential critic. He also served as Rector of Queen's University and a governor of the CBC (1944-7), as well as Honorary President of the CAA.

Sangster, Charles
(1822-93) Minor 19th century Canadian poet best known for The St. Lawrence and the Saguenay (Kingston: John Creighton & John Duff, 1856).

Saunders, Robert Hood
(1903-55) A lawyer and Mayor of Toronto 1945-8. At the time of his death he was Chairman of the Hydro Electric Power Commission of Ontario.

Saunders, S.J. Reginald
(1898-1945) Born in England, Saunders settled in Toronto in 1928 and started a publishing business there in 1931.

Savage, Mr
In the Educational Department at McClelland and Stewart, he sometimes gave
Claire Pratt editorial work while she was convalescing in 1955-6.

Scammell, Arthur R. [Scammel]
(1913-95) Born in Newfoundland and educated at McGill University, Scammell was for many years a high school teacher in Montreal. He wrote 'The Squid Jiggin' Ground' (1929) while still in high school, and was the author of several other 'salt water' ballads. My Newfoundland: Stories, Poems, Songs (Montreal: Harvest House, 1966) is a collection of his work.

Schaefer, Carl
(1903-95) Born in Ontario, Schaefer studied at the Ontario College of Art under painters Arthur Lismer and J.E.H. Macdonald. He first painted Ontario agrarian scenes, but later developed a starker subject matter and more aggressive style. He was an official war artist with the RCAF and later taught at the Ontario College of Art and Queen's University.
'Ned at Ease' – Carl Schaefer's pen-and-ink sketch of Pratt at Winnie Rowles' house in Kingston, 6 August 1951

Schrum, Gordon
(1896-1985) A graduate of Victoria College, Schrum was a member of the Physics Department at the University of British Columbia and head of Department from 1937 to 1961, during which time he also served as Dean of Extension (1937-53) and Dean of Graduate Studies (1957-61). In his 'second career' he was Chairman of the British Columbia Hydro-Electric Power Commission, later serving as Director of Atomic Energy of Canada, and the first Chancellor of Simon Fraser University.

Schull, Joseph
(1906-80) Primarily a historian and biographer, Schull also wrote verse and plays, mostly for radio.

Sclater, Gladys Jean
Wife of Bill Sclater.

Sclater, Reverend J.R.P
(b. 1876) Born and educated in England, Sclater was the minister of Old St. Andrew's United Church in Toronto since 1924. He was Moderator of the United Church 1942-4.

Sclater, Lt-Commander William [Bill; Slater (sic)]
(b. 1907) Born in Scotland, after military service in the Far East, Sclater came to Canada in 1931. He served with the Canadian Navy during World War II. His Haida (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1947) won a Governor General's award in 1947. See the letter to Viola Pratt, 14 July 1945.

Scott, Charles Prestwich [P.C. Scott (sic)]
(1846-1932) One of most celebrated English journalists of his time, Scott was editor of the Manchester Guardian from 1872 to 1929.

Scott, Duncan Campbell
(1862-1947) Born in Ottawa, Scott served for many years in the Federal Department of Indian Affairs. Like his good friend Archibald Lampman, and maritime poets Charles G.D. Roberts and Bliss Carman, he is best remembered as one of the 'Confederation Poets.' His books include The Magic House and Other Poems (Ottawa: J. Durie, 1893), Lundy's Lane and Other Poems (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1916), Beauty and Life (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1921), and The Poems of Duncan Campbell Scott (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1926).

Scott, Elise [née Aylen]
(b. 1904) Duncan Campbell Scott's second wife, whom he married in 1931. A minor poet in her own right, she published one book of verse, Roses of Shadow (Toronto: Macmillan, 1930).

Scott, Francis Reginald [F.R., Frank]
(1899-1985) Born in Quebec City, Scott was a professor at the McGill School of Law, a political activist and one of the founding members of the CCF party (forerunner to the NDP), and a 'modernist' poet. His books of poetry include Overture (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1945), Events and Signals (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1954), Signature (Vancouver: Klanak; Montreal: McGill University Press, 1964), Collected Poems (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1981). In 1934, Scott – on behalf of A.J.M. Smith, Leo Kennedy, and A.M. Klein, all from Montreal and known as the 'Montreal' or 'McGill' Group of poets – invited Pratt, and later Robert Finch, to join them in putting together an anthology of 'new' poetry. The anthology, published in 1936, was entitled New Provinces (Toronto: Macmillan).

Scott, James
(b. 1916) At various times professor of English, literary editor, author, and political organizer, Scott was in the Talks and Public Affairs Department at the CBC in 1947.

Scott, John
Managing editor of the Mail and Empire.

Scott, Randolph
(1898-1987) American film actor who appeared in many films of many genres.

Scott, Walter
(1771-1832) Scottish novelist, playwright, and poet whose works include Ivanhoe and The Lady of the Lake.

Scott, Winfield Townley
(1910-68) American poet, journalist, and critic.

Scully, Hugh Day
(b. 1893) Born and educated in Toronto, Scully was Commissioner of Customs from 1933 to 1940, and Canadian Consul-General in New York from 1943 to 1949.

Seaborn, (Miss)
Daughter of Edwin Seaborn.

Seaborn, Edwin [the Doctor]
(1872-1951) A medical doctor and occasional author. He published The March of Medicine in Western Ontario (Toronto: Ryerson Press) in 1944.

Sedgewick, Garnet G. [Garnett (sic)]
(1882-1949) Professor of English, he became first Head of the English Department at the University of British Columbia in 1920. A specialist in Chaucer and Shakespeare, he is best remembered for his Of Irony, Especially in Drama (London: Oxford University Press, 1935, 1948, 1960; reprinted by University of Toronto Press, 2003).

A Toronto furrier.

Shapiro, Karl
(1913-2000) Published his first book of verse, Poems (Baltimore: Waverley Press, 1935), in 1935. His V-Letter (New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1944), a collection of army poems, won a Pulitzer Prize in 1945. From 1950 to 1956 he was editor of Poetry (Chicago).

Sharman, Vincent D.
Sharman wrote an M.A. thesis on 'Patterns of Imagery and Symbolism in the Poetry of E.J. Pratt' and requested comments from Pratt on his interpretation of the closing lines of The Roosevelt and the Antinoe. Sharman taught English at Nipissing University College in North Bay, Ontario, and has published on Pratt, Leacock, and Thomas McCulloch.

Sharpe, Fletcher
A Toronto physician.

Shaw, Reverend Dr. John M.
(1879-1972) Professor of Philosophy of Religion and Systematic Theology at Queen's Theological College, author of several books, notably Christian Doctrine (London: C.H. Kelly, 1953).

Shaw, Neufville
(b. 1915) A Montreal writer whose modernist verse Pratt particularly disliked, Shaw had published verse in various magazines. As editor of Preview, he attacked Smith's anthology The Book of Canadian Poetry ('The Maple Leaf Is Dying,' Preview, Dec. 1943).

Shelley, Percy Bysshe
(1792-1822) English Romantic poet whose works include Ozymandias, Ode to the West Wind, and Prometheus Unbound. The novelist Mary Shelley was his second wife.

Shepard, Odell [Shephard (sic)]
(1884-1967) An American, was for many years Professor of English at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut. A friend and admirer of Bliss Carman, he published a study of him, Bliss Carman (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1923).

Shephardson, Dr.
Veterinarian in Kingston, Ontario.

Shook, Father Laurence K.
Father Shook was educated at Harvard and taught medieval English literature at the Pontifical Institute.

Short, Reverend Dr. John
Minister of the Pratt's church, St. George United.

Sigmund, Dorothy
A former classmate of Claire Pratt at Victoria College who lived with the Pratts for several years while attending university. A good typist, she sometimes typed poems for Pratt.

Sime, Jessie Georgina [J.G.]
(1868-1958) Montreal-based author of Sister Woman (1919), a collection of stories about working-class immigrants, and Our Little Life: A Novel of Today (New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1921).

Simmons, Ernest J.
(1903-72) Author of English Literature and Culture in Russia, 1553-1840 (1935), Simmons was a pioneer in the academic study of Russian literature and culture in North America.

Simon, Sir John Allsebrook
(1873-1959) Long-serving Member of the British Parliament, serving at various times as Home Secretary, Foreign Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer.

English instructor at Trinity College, University of Toronto.

Sinclair, Gordon
(1900-84) Sinclair joined the Toronto Star in the early 1920s. As a reporter he travelled widely, becoming one of Canada's most colourful journalists, broadcasters, and television personalities.

Sinclair, Lister
(1921-2006) Radio dramatist, script-writer, and director who was for many years attached to the CBC in Toronto.

Sirluck, Ernest [Ernie]
(l918-2013) Sirluck graduated from the University of Manitoba in 1940, completing his graduate studies at the University of Toronto after serving overseas. A respected Milton scholar he taught English at the University of Chicago before returning to the University of Toronto in 1962 to serve as Dean of Graduate Studies and later Vice President. He went on to become President of the University of Manitoba (1970-6).

Sisco, Reverend Gordon
(1891-1953) Born in Quebec and educated at Queen's University and Wesleyan Theological Seminary, Sisco was General Secretary of the United Church General Council from 1936 until his death.

Sissons, Charles B.
(1879-1965) Professor of Ancient History at Victoria College and author of Egerton Ryerson: His Life and Letters (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1937, 1947) and A History of Victoria University (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1952). An ardent mountaineer, he was President of the Alpine Club of Canada in 1920-2. Pratt climbed Mount Cathedral with him in 1913.

Sissons, Mrs.
Wife of Charles B. Sissons.

Skinner, Constance
(1877-1939) Skinner was a writer, historian, and editor, best known for creating the Rivers of America Series of books. Born in British Columbia, Skinner later moved to California and then to New York, where she worked as a theatre critic for the New York Herald Tribune.

Slater, Margaret
A former student at Victoria College.

Smallwood, Joseph R.
(1900-91) The first premier of the province of Newfoundland, which entered Confederation in 1949.

Smily, Judge Percy E.F. [Judge Smiling]
(b. 1890) Appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Ontario in 1946.

Smith, A.J.M. (Arthur James Marshall) [Arthur, Art]
(1902-80) Poet, critic and anthologist, Smith was associated as an undergraduate at McGill University with the 'Montreal Group' which included F.R. Scott, A.M. Klein, and Leo Kennedy. Although he spent most of his academic career as Professor of English at the University of Michigan, Lansing, he maintained close ties with the Canadian literary community, editing the influential anthology, The Book of Canadian Poetry (Chicago: University of Chicago Press; Toronto: W.J. Gage, 1943). He won the Governor General's award for News of the Phoenix (1944).

Smith, A. Lloyd
(c. 1890-1962) A graduate of Victoria University where he was a classmate of Pratt, he was a United Church minister in Montreal.

Smith, Evelyn [Mrs. Wendell]
A librarian at Victoria College.

Smith, F.D.L.
Editor-in-Chief of the Mail and Empire.

Smith, Frederick Edwin [F.E.D.]
(1872-1930) First Earl of Birkenhead, Smith was a British politician and lawyer known as a skilled orator. He was a close friend of Winston Churchill.

Smith, Jean
Wife of A.J.M. Smith.

Smith, Lyndon
A member of the Faculty of Trinity College, Toronto.

Smith, Macdonald
Winner of the Canadian Open Golf Tournament in 1926 and many others. He was elected to the Professional Golf Association's Hall of Fame in 1954.

Smith, Sidney Earle [Sid, Sydney]
(1897-1959) Born in Nova Scotia and educated as a lawyer, Smith was a professor of law at Dalhousie and Osgoode Hall before serving as President of the University of Manitoba from 1934-45, and of the University of Toronto from 1945-57, when he became Minister of External Affairs.

Smith, W.G [William George]
(1873-1943) Smith taught experimental psychology in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Toronto (1905-21) before moving to Wesley College (Winnipeg) as vice-principal and professor of Philosophy and Sociology in 1921. He had been Pratt'ss overseer in the Psychology laboratories and supervisor of his dissertation research. Their relationship was one of 'chronic antagonism.' (See EJP: TY, 149, 152-4.) In 1922, Smith was dismissed from his position as vice-principal of Wesley College, ostensibly for voicing heretical opinions. However, it is more likely that he was removed for attempting to introduce academic programming in keeping with the Social Gospel – a radical change only four years after the Winnipeg General Strike. The appeal court of the Methodist Church had refused to hear his appeal. (See Horn, Academic Freedom in Canada, 80-2 and Stephen Harold Riggins, "'A Square Deal for the Least and the Last': The Career of W.G. Smith in the Methodist Ministry, Experimental Psychology, and Sociology," Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 27.2 [2012]: 179-222.)

Snead, Sam
The celebrated American golfer had won the Canadian Open in 1938 and 1940, and was the winner again in 1941.

Snow, Charles Percy (later Lord Snow) [C.P.]
British scientist and academic best known for his novel sequence, Strangers and Brothers, and his controversial Rede Lecture in 1959, 'The Two Cultures' (later published as The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution) in which he lamented the gap between science and the humanities. His wife, Pamela Hansford Johnson, was also a novelist, author of An Impossible Marriage (1954), The Unspeakable Skipton (1959), Cork Street (1965), and Next to the Hatter's (1965).

Soper, Reverend Samuel H.
(1882-1978) Born in St. John's, Newfoundland, Soper was a friend and classmate of Pratt at Victoria College. He served as United Church missionary in China from 1912 to 1929. Invalided back to Canada, he later served as a minister of a number of circuits in Ontario.

Souster, Raymond
(1921-2012) In 1946, Souster had published only one book of verse, When We Are Young (Montreal: First Statement Press, 1945). In the next four decades he published more than a dozen others, including The Colour of the Times (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1964), which won a Governor General's award. He also edited several magazines devoted primarily to 'experimental' verse.

Soward, Frederic H.
(b. 1899) Born in Minden, Ontario, and a graduate of the Universities of Toronto, Edinburgh, and Oxford, Soward was Professor and later Head of the Department of History at the University of British Columbia. He was author of many publications on historical subjects.

Speakman, Horace B.
(b. 1893) Born in Lancashire, England and a graduate of the University of Manchester, Speakman was Professor of Zymnology (the science of fermentation) at the University of Toronto from 1919 to 1928, when he was appointed first Director of the Ontario Research Foundation.


Spencer, Herbert
(1820-1903) English sociologist who supported the doctrine of social Darwinism.

Spencer, Theodore [Ted]
(1902-49) American poet, professor, prolific critic and editor, especially of Shakespeare.

Spender, Stephen
(1909-95) An English poet, novelist, and essayist, Spender was one of the most successful and influential poets writing in the modern idiom and using the new techniques.

Sproule, Dorothy
Lily Barry, Christine Henderson, and Dorothy Sproule: verse-writing members of the Montreal Branch of the CAA, active in its Poetry Group.

Spry, Graham
(1900-83) Born in St. Thomas, Ontario, Spry had a varied career in journalism, politics, and business. In 1927 he was National Secretary of the Association of Canadian Clubs and had invited Pratt to make the western tour. Chairman of the Canadian Radio League (1930-4), he helped found the CBC in 1936. Long an activist in socialist politics, he worked for the British Government during World War II.

Spurgeon, Charles H.
(1834-92) The celebrated Baptist preacher of the London Tabernacle (England), Spurgeon was a personal friend of Pratt's father. Pratt's brother Jim was baptized James Charles Spurgeon.

Squire, Sir John Collings
(1884-1958) Poet and critic, Squire was editor of the London Mercury (1919-34), a journal of literature and the arts, and author or editor of many books of both prose and verse.

St Laurent, Louis
(1882-1973) Prime Minister of Canada from 1948 to 1957.

Stagg, Mrs.
An editor at Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., publishers of the American edition of Pratt's Collected Poems.

Stanley, Carleton W.
(1886-1971) A graduate of Victoria College and of Oxford, Stanley taught English briefly at Victoria College, and later taught Classics at McGill. He was President of Dalhousie from 1931 to 1945.

Stauffer, Ruth
A classmate of
Claire Pratt. The Stauffer family lived on a farm which Claire visited from time to time. Ruth married Elery Buckley.

Steacey, Walter
A Kingston businessman with whom Pratt played golf.

Brother of Janka.

Stephen, A.M. [Alexander Maitland]
(1882-1942) Born in Ontario and educated at Walkerton Collegiate Institute, Stephen was a poet and novelist who worked at various times as a rancher, logger, miner, and teacher. He was the author of two novels, four volumes of verse, and two volumes of plays, as well as the editor of two anthologies of Canadian verse.

Stephen, George
President of the C.P.R.

Stephenson, Frederick Clark
(1864-1941) Born in Ontario and educated at Albert College, Belleville, and Trinity Medical College in Toronto, Clark was secretary of young people's foreign mission groups in the Methodist (United) Church.

Stevenson, Lionel
(1902-73) Born in Scotland, Stevenson moved to British Columbia as a child and was educated at the Universities of British Columbia, Toronto, California, and Oxford. He moved to the United States in 1923 and taught at several universities before becoming James B. Duke Professor of English at Duke University, where he remained from 1955 until 1970.

Stevenson, May
Born in Chicago, Stevenson moved to Vancouver in 1893 where she established its first kindergarten.

Stevenson, O.J.
Professor of English at the Ontario Agricultural College in Guelph.

Stewart, Andrew
(1904-90) President of the University of Alberta (1950-59), and from 1959 to 1969 Chair of the Board of Broadcast Governors (later the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications).

Stewart, Herbert L.
(1882-1953) Professor of Philosophy at Dalhousie University.

Stewart, Jimmie
(b. 1894) Stewart was made General Manager of the Bank of Commerce in 1947, Director in 1949, and President in 1952.

Stewart, Reginald
(1900-84) From 1942 to 1953, Stewart was conductor of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra.

Stiling, Frank
(b. 1897) Principal of University College and Dean of Arts and Science at the University of Western Ontario, he was President of the London branch of the CAA, and later National President.

Stoker, John T.
Professor of French at Memorial University of Newfoundland and Secretary of the University Senate.

Strange, Kathleen [Kay]
A little known Alberta writer.

Strange, William [Bill]
(b. 1902) Wrote for the Toronto Star and Canadian Comment during the 1930s. He was made Lt. Commander of the RCNVR (Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve) in 1942 and appointed to Naval Service Headquarters in Ottawa. In 1945 he was Director of Naval Information.

Stringer, Arthur
(1874-1950) A prolific author of some fifteen volumes of heterogeneous verse and several of prose, perhaps best remembered in Canadian literary history for his 'free verse' Open Water (New York, London: John Lane, 1914), usually regarded as the first 'experimental' volume in Canada.

Sturdy, John Rhodes
Sturdy joined the Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve in Montreal in 1941. He served on a number of naval ships including the minesweeper Kapuskasing, of which he was First Lieutenant. In 1942 he was liaison officer with Universal Pictures for the filming of Corvette with Randolph Scott.

Sullivan, A.M. [Mike]
New York journalist. He wrote a generally favourable review of Behind the Log for the Saturday Review (15 May 1948).

Summers, Professor
Professor of Economics, University of Buffalo, graduate of University of Toronto.

Surerus, John Alvin [Sooreroous (sic)]
(1894-1976) Educated at the Universities of Toronto (Victoria College 1915) and Chicago, Surerus taught in the German Department at Victoria College from 1925 to 1962, serving as Head of Department from 1932 to 1962.

Sutherland, Audrey [née Aikman]
Wife of John Sutherland.

Sutherland, John
(1919-56) Born in Nova Scotia, Sutherland attended Queen's and McGill Universities. In Montreal in 1942 he founded First Statement, a 'little magazine' of literary criticism and the work of new writers. After three years it merged with Preview, a similar journal, to form Northern Review (1946-56) with Sutherland as editor. Despite persistent illness, a prolific, often acerbic literary critic, he is probably best known for his The Poetry of E.J. Pratt: A New Interpretation (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1956).
John Sutherland

Suttis, Miss

Sword, Colin
(b. 1880) Born in England, Sword was a prominent Toronto Insurance executive. He and Pratt were fellow members of York Downs Golf Club.

Sylvestre, Guy
(1918-2010) Born in Sorel, Quebec, and educated at the University of Ottawa, Sylvestre was a prominent French-Canadian literary critic. He wrote for LeDroit (1939-48) and founded the journals Gants du ciel: poésie canadienne-anglaise and Anthologie de la poésie canadienne d'expression française. He served as translator for the Senate (1942-44) and for the Wartime Information Board (1944-45), as private secretary to Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent (1945-50), and as the second National Librarian (1968-83).

Syme, Isobel [Ibbie]
Ellen Elliott's secretary and assistant.


Tamblyn, William Ferguson
(1874-1956) Professor of English at the University of Western Ontario 1901-49, and head of the department for 43 years.

Tatton, John M.
British by birth and a graduate of Cambridge, Tatton was a member of the Senate of the University of St. Thomas, Houston, Texas. He was a well-to-do rancher, a musician, and a poet.

Thomas, Dylan
(1914-53) Welsh poet and writer of short stories and scripts from film and radio, Thomas was one of the most successful and influential poets writing in the modern idiom and using new techniques.

Thomas, H.F. Scott
(1897-1947) Graduate of the Universities of Toronto and Johns Hopkins, Thomas was a member of the Department of English at Acadia University from 1927 until his death.

Thompson, Jimmy [Cannonball]
British-born golfer, famous as a long hitter. He was runner-up in the U.S. Open Golf Championship in 1935, and in the Canadian Open in 1936.

Thomson, D.W.
(1906-2001) Donald W. Thomson joined the Canadian Authors Association in 1930 and served as National President from 1960 to 1962. He was the author of three volumes of poetry with his wife, Theresa Thomson, and a three-volume work on the surveying of Canada, Men and Meridians (Ottawa: R. Duhamel, Queen's Printer, 1966, 1967, 1969).

Thomson, William (Lord Kelvin)
(1824-1907) British scientist, noted for, among other things, his work on electric oscillations, which formed the basis of wireless telegraphy, and on submarine telegraphy.

Thomson, Theresa [Terry; Mrs. D.W.; née Theresa Meeres]
Executive Secretary of the Canadian Writers' Foundation, 1943-71. Wife of D.W. Thomson.

Thorvaldsen, Thorbergur
(1883-1965) Born in Iceland and educated at the University of Manitoba and Harvard, Thorvaldson was Head of Chemistry at the University of Saskatchewan 1919-48, Dean of Graduate Studies 1946-9.

Tikhonov, Nikolay Semyonovich
(1896-1979) A Russian poet, Tikhonov's earliest books celebrated the 'revolutionary romanticism' of the civil war of 1917-19. During World War II he published many patriotic poems and essays including Leningrad Tales (1943), describing the siege of Leningrad. He won three Stalin Prizes.

Tinker, Chauncey Brewster
(1876-1963) A member of the Department of English at Yale University, the author of several books about James Boswell, and Keeper of Rare Books at Sterling Memorial Library (Yale).

Tirol, Marcel
A professor of French at Queen's University.

Titchener, E.B. [Edward Bradford]
(1867-1927) British psychologist who studied under Wilhelm Wundt, Titchener is best known for creating a version of psychology that described the structure of the mind. He taught at Cornell University.

Tolkien, J.R.R. [Tolkein (sic)]
(1892-1973) Best known as the author of The Hobbit (London: G. Allen and Unwin, 1937) and The Lord of the Rings, a trilogy that included the The Fellowship of the Ring (London: G. Allen and Unwin, 1954), Tolkien was in 1924 Reader (Lecturer) in English at Leeds University. In 1925 following the publication of his translation of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, he became Professor of Anglo-Saxon Literature at Oxford University. R.S. Knox in a letter to D.G. Pitt (9 November 1967) describes the occasion of Pratt's dinner with Tolkien thus: 'the three of us [Pratt, Davis, and himself] were Professor Tolkien's guests at Pembroke College [Oxford] where to Ned's delight we had a lively chat as we drank beer with the College porter in his lodge. We had dinner later with George Gordon and Tolkien in the Randolph Hotel, Gordon at the piano leading us in song, varied in kind – a jolly evening.'

Tracy, Clarence
(1908-88) Born in Ontario and educated at the University of Toronto and at Yale, Tracy was a professor of English at the University of Saskatchewan. The author of a number of scholarly works, he was Secretary-Treasurer of the Humanities Association (1952-4).

Tracy, Herman Lloyd
(1897-1986) Head of Classics at Queen's University.

Tranter, Gladdis Joy [Joy]
(b. 1902) Tranter came to Canada from Ireland in 1919. A member of the Toronto Branch of the CAA, she was the author of radio scripts, articles, and several books, including Plowing the Arctic: being an account of the voyage of the R.C.M.P. 'St. Roch' through the Northwest passage, from west to east (Toronto: Longmans, Green and Company 1945).

Trimble, Lydia Ella
(1890-1912) Born near Essex, Ontario, Lydia Trimble grew up in Red Deer, Alberta, and came to Victoria College in 1908. She and Pratt were very much in love, and became engaged. However, she died of 'galloping consumption' on June 3, 1912 shortly before her graduation.
Lydia Trimble, 1912

Tucker, Gilbert N.
(b. 1896) A graduate of the Universities of Western Ontario, Cambridge, and London, Tucker was a professor of History at Yale when in 1941 he was appointed Director of the Naval Historical Section, Ottawa, where he served until 1948.

Turnbull, Vicki
A friend of the Pratt family.

Tweedsmuir, Lady
Wife of Lord Tweedsmuir (John Buchan), Governor General of Canada from 1935 until 1940.

Tweedsmuir, Lord [John Buchan]
(1875-1940) Governor General of Canada from 1935 until 1940.


Udell, Geraldine
Secretary and assistant to George Dillon, editor of Poetry: A Magazine of Verse.

Underhill, Frank H.
(1889-1971) Pratt's classmate at Victoria College. He studied at Oxford and taught at the University of Saskatchewan, and was appointed Professor of History at the University of Toronto in 1927. A controversial figure, one of the founders of the CCF party in 1933, he was an outspoken social and economic commentator. He left the University of Toronto after a dispute with the administration in 1955 and moved to Carleton University.

Untermeyer, Louis
(1885-1920) American poet, critic, editor, and anthologist.

Upjohn, Frank
(b. l908) Editor-administrator at Macmillan Canada, Upjohn joined the firm in 1931 as Assistant Manager (Educational Department); he later became Manager of the General Books and Assistant Manager of the Company.


Van Doren, Mark
(1894-1972) American poet, critic and anthologist, and a professor at Columbia University.

Varley, Frederick H.
(1881-1969) Varley came to Canada from Sheffield, England in 1912 at the urging of Arthur Lismer, and joined the Grip design firm where he worked with Tom Thompson. In 1920, he was a founding member of the Group of Seven. At Pratt's request, Varley was engaged by Ryerson Press to design the end-paper and decorations for his first book of poems, Newfoundland Verse.

self-portrait, painted after service in World War I as an offical 'war artist'

end-paper for Newfoundland Verse

title page of Newfoundland Verse

Vey, Ted
A Newfoundland acquaintance of Pratt.

Villeneuve, Cardinal Jean-Marie-Rodrigue
(1883-1947) Roman Catholic Archbishop of Quebec. He was elevated to Cardinal in 1933.

Vincent, Charles J.
(1906-68) Educated at the Universities of Western Ontario and Harvard, Vincent taught English at Queen's University from 1937 to 1962.


Walker, Earl H.
Methodist minister and former classmate of Pratt.

Walker, Edmund M.
(b. 1877) Retired as Professor of Zoology and Head of the Department at the University of Toronto in 1948. He and Pratt were fellow members of the
Arts and Letters Club.

Walker, Ernest W.
Manager of the Wholesale Department at Ryerson in 1923.

Walker, Stanley
(b. 1890) Born and educated in England, he had been Professor of History at King's College in Nova Scotia since 1923 and President since 1937.

Wallace, Beatrice [Bee, Bea]
Daughter of Pratt's friend, Malcolm Wallace.

Wallace, Reverend Dr. Francis H.
(1851-1930) Professor of New Testament Exegesis and Literature and Dean of Theology (1900-20) at Victoria College. He had been Pratt's teacher during his undergraduate years. The Wallaces were good friends to Pratt, taking a special interest in his slowly burgeoning poetic talents.

Wallace, Joy [née Wilson]
An American by birth, she was the wife of the Reverend Dr. Francis H. Wallace.

Wallace, Malcolm
(1873-1960) Born in Essex County, Ontario, graduate of the Universities of Toronto and Chicago, Wallace was Professor of English at University College, Toronto, and Head of Department (1926-44). He is chiefly remembered for his Life of Sir Philip Sidney (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1915). He and Pratt were golf and stag-party cronies for more than thirty years.

Wallace, Mrs.
Wife of Malcolm Wallace.

Wallace, Paul A.W.
(1891-1967) One of the F.H. Wallaces' two sons. He had literary ambitions, publishing The Twist and Other Stories (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1923), Baptiste Larocque (Toronto: Musson Book Company, 1923) and Selections from Sam Slick by Thomas Chadler Haliburton (Toronto: Ryerson, 1923) before moving to the United States where he was to become a Professor of English at Lebanon Valley College and a prominent Pennsylvanian historian.

Wallace, Robert Charles
(1881-1950) President of the University of Alberta (1928-36) and Principal of Queen's University (1936-51). His A Liberal Education in a Modern World was published by Macmillan in 1931.

Wallace, Stewart
Head Librarian at the University of Toronto Library; historian, author or editor of many historical works, including, as editor-in-chief, The Encyclopaedia of Canada (Toronto: University Associates of Canada, 1935-7).

Walsh, Sir Albert
(1900-58) A lawyer, Walsh served as a member of the Commission that governed Newfoundland (1934-49). Head of the delegation that signed the Terms of Union between Newfoundland and Canada, he was the province's first Lieutenant Governor, April to August 1949, before being appointed Chief Justice and Chairman of the Board of Regents of Memorial University.

Walton, Isaac [Izaak]
(1593-1683) English writer best known for the prose and verse work The Compleat Angler.

Walwyn, Sir Humphrey
A retired admiral of the Royal Navy, and Governor of Newfoundland from 1936 to 1946.

Warr, Bertram
(1917-43) Warr was attending the University of London when he was drafted into the Royal Air Force in 1941. He was killed in action at the age of twenty-five. He published little verse in his short lifetime, but in 1950 his best poems were published in In Quest of Beauty: Selected Poems (Carillon Poetry Chap-Books).

Watkins, Mr.
A neighbour of the Pratts on Cortleigh Boulevard.

Watson, James Wreford
(1915-90) Watson wrote under the name James Wreford. He was Professor of Geography at McMaster University, and later joined the Federal Geographical Bureau, serving as Canada's chief geographer. Some of his poems appeared in Unit of Five (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1944), a collection of verse by five young poets, including P.K. Page. Of Time and the Lover (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1950) won a Governor General's award for poetry.

Watt, Shalto
Montreal journalist, for some years posted to Ottawa and a member of the House of Commons Press gallery.

Watters, Reginald E.
Professor of English at the Royal Military College who prepared the volume Canadian Anthology (Toronto: Gage, 1955, 1966, 1974) with Carl Klinck.

Waugh, Miss

Weaver, Charlotte Knight [Pop]
Daughter of Pratt's uncle, Allan Knight, who settled in Regina.

Weaver, Lincoln
Husband of Charlotte 'Pop' Knight Weaver.

Weaver, Raymond
Professor at Columbia University from 1916 until 1948, Weaver is best known for his work on Herman Melville, including the discovery and publication of Billy Budd.

Weaver, Robert
(1921-2008) As a student, Weaver wrote for Varsity magazine. He would go on to become founder and editor of the Tamarack Review (1956-82) and anthologist of short stories both broadcast (in the CBC's 'Anthology' series) and published, for example, Canadian Short Stories (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1960, 1968, 1978, 1985, 1991), The Oxford Anthology of Canadian Literature (1973, 1981) and The 'Anthology' Anthology: A Selection from 30 Years of CBC Radio's 'Anthology' (Toronto: Macmillan, 1984).

Webb, Phyllis
(b. 1927) Born in Victoria, British Columbia, Webb studied at the University of British Columbia and McGill. She first published her poetry alongside poems by Eli Mandel and Gael Turnbull in Trio (Montreal: Contact Press, 1954) and has since published many other volumes. She also taught creative writing at several Canadian universities.

Webster, Daniel
(1782-1852) Leading American statesman and senator from Massachusetts. A fictionalized version of Webster appeared in Stephen Vincent Benét's short story The Devil and Daniel Webster.

Webster, Gordon
(b. l899) A Montreal lawyer and friend of Leonard Cox.

Wells, Henry W.
(1895-1978) An American critic who lectured in Comparative Literature at Columbia University. He and the Canadian critic Carl Klinck co-authored the first book-length study of E.J. Pratt, Edwin J. Pratt: The Man and His Poetry (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1947).

Wells, Katharine
Wife of Henry W. Wells.

Whalley, George
(1915-84) Born in Kingston and educated at Bishop's and Oxford universities, Whalley was an associate professor of English at Queen's University and the author of several books of verse, scholarly essays, and criticism.

Wheatley, Reverend J.J.
Minister in Fortune, Newfoundland.

Wheeler, Arthur Oliver
(1850-1945) A surveyor and mountaineer, Wheeler founded the Alpine Club of Canada in 1906 with journalist Elizabeth Parker (1856-1944) and was its President for several years.

Whitehead, Armand
A friend and bowling partner of Pratt in the mid-1950s, met through Malcolm Wallace, who had persuaded Pratt to take up lawn bowling.

Whitney, Hager
Brother of Viola Pratt. Like Pratt and many of his university acquaintances, both Hager and his widowed mother were cheated out of their savings by Jack Neville in the autumn of 1926 (EJP: TY, 336). Hager Whitney's belief in 'the presence of departed "spirits" around us' influenced Pratt's own investigations into spiritualism. (See EJP: MY, 9.)

Whitney, Ernestine
Second wife of Ralph Whitney.

Whitney, Harvie
Son of Viola Pratt's brother, Karl Whitney.

Whitney, Ian
Son of Viola Pratt's brother, Ralph Whitney.

Whitney, Karl
Brother of Viola Pratt, Karl Whitney was a school teacher living in Francis, Saskatchewan.

Whitney, Marion
Wife of Ian Whitney.

Whitney, Phyllis
Daughter of Viola Pratt's brother, Karl Whitney.

Whitney, Ralph
Brother of Viola Pratt, Ralph Whitney lived in Red Deer, Alberta.

Whitney, Rita
Wife of Karl Whitney.

Whytall, Marian [Marion (sic)]
A friend of Ida Pashley and Claire Pratt and a founding member of the Talents Service Club.

Wiegand, William B.
(b. l888) A classmate of Pratt at Victoria College, Wiegand was celebrated as a tennis player, and lived for some years in New York.

Wiles, Roy Mckeen
(1903-74) Born in Nova Scotia and educated at Dalhousie and Harvard Universities, Wiles was a professor of English at McMaster University. He was a member of the Humanities Research Council (1948-55) and President of the Humanities Association of Canada.

Wilkinson, Anne
(1910-61) Born in Toronto, Wilkinson published two books of poetry, Counterpoint to Sleep (Montreal: First Statement, 1951) and The Hangman Ties the Holly (Toronto: Macmillan, 1955). She also wrote Lions in the Way (Toronto: Macmillan, 1956), the story of the family of Sir William Osler from which she was descended on her mother's side. She was a founding editor of the Tamarack Review.

Wilkinson, Edith
Wife of Bertie Wilkinson, Professor of Medieval History at the University of Toronto. Both were British-born.

Wilkinson, Frederick Hugh
(1896-1980) Appointed Coadjutor Bishop of the Anglican Diocese of Toronto in 1953 and its Diocese Bishop in 1956, serving until 1966.

Wilkinson, Robert [Rob]
Doctor in the Department of Surgery at the University of Toronto.

Willan, Healey
(1880-1968) Born in England, Willan taught music at the Toronto Conservatory, and was organist and choirmaster at the Church of St Mary Magdalene (1921-68). His chief claim to fame is as a musical composer.

Williams, Phyllis [Phyllis Campbell (sic)]
Editor of the Montreal Gazette.

Willis, J. Frank
(1908-69) Broadcaster with the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (later the CBC) who is best known for his 69-hour radio coverage of the 1936 Moose River mine disaster.

Wilson, Dr. Phillip
One of Claire Pratt's doctors in New York in 1954-5.

Wilton, Margaret H.
A Toronto writer who published in various magazines.

Winspear, Mary
A former student of Pratt's and former teacher of Claire's at St. Clement's School, Toronto, she operated a girls' school she had founded in Montreal. She also taught at Queen's Summer School.

Winter, Ross M.
(1903-68) Director of Extension at Queen's University from 1934 to 1945.

Woodcock, George
(1912-95) Born in Winnipeg, Woodcock was an author of wide interests, writing poetry, history, criticism, travel writing and biography. He was founder and first editor (1959-77) of the journal Canadian Literature.

Woodhouse, A.S.P. [Arthur Sutherland Pigott]
(1895-1964) Born in Ontario and educated at the University of Toronto and Harvard University, Woodhouse was a member of the Department of English at University College (Toronto) from 1929 until his death, and served as head of Department from 1945 onwards. In the 1930s, he and E.K. Brown co-edited the University of Toronto Quarterly. His scholarly work was in Renaissance literature and the history of ideas. A major book on Milton, edited by Hugh MacCallum, was published posthumously as The Heavenly Muse: A Preface to Milton (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972).

Woodman, Freda Maud
R.S. (Bobby) Knox married Freda Woodman in 1926.

Woodrow, Constance
(1899-1937) Her The Captive Gypsy had been published as a Ryerson chapbook in 1926. She also published another book of poems, The Celtic Heart (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1929).

Woodside, Moffatt
(1906-70) A graduate of the University of Toronto and Oxford University, Professor of Ancient History at Victoria College and in 1944-52 its Registrar. He was subsequently University Dean of Arts (1952-7) and in 1959 was appointed Principal of University College.

Woodsworth, J.S.
(1874-1942) Born in Ontario and educated at Victoria College and Oxford University, Woodsworth worked as a Methodist minister in Manitoba before becoming the first leader of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), which later became the New Democratic Party (NDP).

Wordsworth, William
(1770-1850) English Romantic poet who was Britain's Poet Laureate from 1843 until his death.

Wornell, Abel C.
(1914-2006) Born in Newfoundland, Wornell was a prominent business man and a member of the Provincial Legislature 1966-71. He was also the winner of several local prizes for his poems and author of two small books of verse – Monarch of the Grump (1951) and Rhymes of a Newfoundlander (1958).

Wreford, James
The pseudonym under which
James Wreford Watson published his poetry.

Wrong, George MacKinnon
(1860-1948) Ordained as an Anglican priest, Wrong lectured in ecclesiastical history at Wycliffe College, Toronto. He was head of the Department of History at the University of Toronto from 1894-1927.

Wundt, Wilhelm
(1832-1920) German physiologist and psychologist who is generally regarded as the father of Experimental Psychology.



Pratt's error for Janka.

Young, Ewart
(1913-68) Newfoundland journalist who edited This is Newfoundland.


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