from: http://strategis.ic.gc.ca/SSI/sf/bpr1-e.pdf

BPR Part I Issue 2 February, 1997

Spectrum Management Broadcasting Procedures and Rules

Part I: General Rules

Disponible en franšais - RPR, partie I

Broadcasting Procedures and Rules

The Radiocommunication Act stipulates that no radio apparatus that form
part of a broadcasting undertaking may be installed or operated without
a Broadcasting Certificate issued by the Minister of Industry Canada.
Pursuant to paragraphs 5( 1) (a) and (d) of the Radiocommunication Act,
the Minister is empowered to fix the terms and conditions of the
Broadcasting Certificate and to establish technical requirements and
standards in relation to broadcasting undertakings.

This document prescribes the required information for filing
applications for Broadcasting Certificates and specifies the technical
standards and requirements and the operational terms and conditions
applicable to broadcasting undertakings. The document consists of five
parts: Part I entitled "General Rules" sets out the technical
requirements and application procedures common to all broadcasting
undertakings. Parts II, III, IV and V set forth the specific
requirements applicable to AM, FM, TV and Digital Radio Broadcasting
(DRB) undertakings respectively.

Nothing in these documents should be construed as releasing certificate
holders from the obligation to conform to rules, regulations and orders
issued by municipalities or any other governmental organization
regarding the construction, operation, maintenance and renovation of
buildings and equipment.

The content of these documents notwithstanding, the Department may
authorize certain minor departures from the standards and operational
requirements specified herein when it is shown that the quality of
service will not be compromised and that harmful interference will not
occur.

Table of Contents Page

1. Application Procedure and Subsequent Action
1.1 Preamble
1.2 Preparation of the Submission by Qualified Personnel
1.3 Application Processing
1.4 Application for Call Signs
1.5 On-air Approval
1.6 Broadcasting Allotment Plans
2. Transmitting Antenna
2.1 Selection of Antenna Sites
2.2 Structural Adequacy of Antenna Towers and Antenna Supporting Structures 4
3. Preparation of Coverage and Frequency Re-use (FRC) Contour Maps
3.1 Preparation of Contour Maps
3.2 Notes
3.3 Map Requirements
4. AM, FM, OR TV Proposals Predicated on Release of Assigned
   Frequencies or on Changes to Existing Broadcasting Facilities
5. Requirements for Technical Operation of Broadcasting Transmitter
   Plants
6. Requirements for the Establishment of Auxiliary Transmitting
   Systems for AM, FM and TV Undertakings
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Definitions and Usage
6.3 Location of Main and Auxiliary Transmitters
6.4 Maintenance and Operation
6.5 Special Case Operations
7. The Assignment and Identification Requirements for AM, FM, TV and
   DRB Broadcasting Undertakings
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Assignment of Call Signs
7.3 Identification of Broadcasting Undertakings
8. Environmental Assessment Procedure and Exposure to Radio
   Frequency Energy Procedure
8.1 Environmental Assessment Procedure
8.2 Exposure to Radiofrequency Energy Procedure
8.3 Notification to Municipalities/Land-use Authorities
8.4 Departmental Processing
9. Requirements for the Selection of Transmitting Equipment
Appendix 1: Addresses of Headquarters and Regional Offices
Description of Regional Boundaries
Appendix 2: Tables to Predict the Location of Various Exposure
            Contours for AM Undertakings
Appendix 3: Preliminary Environmental Information, Municipal/Land-Use
            Consultation and Aeronautical Site Clearance
Attestation

1. Application Procedure and Subsequent Action

1.1 Preamble This Section establishes the procedure to be followed in
preparing and submitting the information required in support of
applications for broadcasting undertakings.

1.2 Preparation of the Submission by Qualified Personnel

1.2.1 The planning and the design of new broadcasting undertakings or of
changes to existing systems and the preparation of engineering briefs
submitted in support of applications for such designs or design changes,
constitute the practice of professional engineering. It is the
responsibility of the person signing the submission to comply with the
appropriate provincial legislation, insofar as the practice of
professional engineering is concerned. The Department requires that the
design of a proposed system and/or a proposed change to an existing
system be carried out under the responsible supervision of a
professional engineer who shall certify as to the adequacy of the design
by affixing his/her signature and stamp to the engineering brief.

1.2.2 It should be noted that when a submission has been found to be
incomplete, in that important information has been omitted and/or
inaccurate technical data has been found, lengthy delays in processing
the application have resulted. Such omissions and inaccuracies are often
due to an unfamiliarity with the Department's requirements. Broadcast
engineering consultants maintain a library of all pertinent information
in reference to design and assignment studies, and subscribe to the
Department's services which provides them with the current allotment
material.

1.2.3 The departmental Form 16- 653 entitled "Notice of Retention of
Broadcast Engineering Consultant" shall be filed when an engineering
consultant has been retained.

1.2.4 Where low power broadcasting undertakings, other than low power
DRB, are concerned, the Department may waive its requirement that the
technical submissions be prepared by broadcast engineering consultants,
provided qualified technical staff prepare and sign the submission.

1.2.5 All technical submissions for Digital Radio Broadcasting
Undertakings (DRB) shall be prepared by a broadcast consultant.

1.3 Application Processing

1.3.1 An application to the Department for a Broadcasting Certificate
shall be accompanied by an application to the CRTC for a Broadcasting
Licence. Failing the latter step, the application will be held for three
months after which it will be returned.

1.3.2 If during the examination of applications the Department finds
that the required information is missing, incomplete or incorrect, the
applicant and/or consultant will be so notified and the CRTC will be
advised accordingly. If the necessary information is not supplied within
a period of time specified in the Departmental letter (normally 30 to 45
days), the application will be returned.

1.4 Application for Call Signs

1.4.1 Application for a call sign for a new broadcasting undertaking
shall be made in writing at the time of the application for the
Broadcasting Certificate. For existing undertakings requesting a change
of call sign, an application is to be made in writing to the Department.

1.4.2 For each program in a DRB undertaking, the applicant shall request
a call sign.

1.4.3 A listing of unassigned call letters is available on request. The
rules pertaining to call signs are contained in Section 7, "The
Assignment and Identification Requirements for AM, FM, TV and DRB
Broadcasting Undertakings".

1.5 On-Air Approval

1.5.1 Following approval by CRTC and authorization by the Department and
before the start of construction, any changes to the approved proposal
(i.e. site, parameters, equipment etc.) shall be submitted to the
Department for authorization. The Department's District Manager shall be
kept informed of progress in construction.

1.5.2 Departmental permission is required for on-air testing. When the
construction is complete, notice of on-air testing for AM, FM and TV
shall be given to the District Manager at least three weeks (unless
otherwise specified in the letter of authority) prior to transmission
tests. For DRB, the on-air testing procedure is defined in Section C-4
of BPR-V.

1.5.3 The normal period for on-air testing is four weeks, three being a
minimum. If interference or others problems materialize, this period may
be extended pending satisfactory resolution of the problems. Barring
problems, on-air testing will terminate after four weeks.

1.5.4 Following successful on-air tests, the applicant's consultant
shall certify to the Department that the broadcasting undertaking is
ready to commence operation in accordance with the approved technical
submission and request permission to commence operation. For AM
broadcasting undertakings the certification shall be supported by a
Preliminary or Final Proof of Performance (except for low power
broadcasting undertakings). Failure to meet these requirements shall
terminate the on-air tests. This clearance does not include the
FM/NAVCOM compatibility analysis.

1.6 Broadcasting Allotment Plans

1.6.1 The Canadian Broadcasting Allotment Plans contain all current AM,
FM and TV channel allotments and assignments. The Allotment Plan for
Digital Radio Broadcasting contains the current terrestrial digital
radio channel allotments and assignments.

1.6.2 The Department, in its role as spectrum manager, may make changes
to the Canadian Broadcasting Allotment Plans, based on technical
considerations. Please note that a Broadcasting Certificate shall not be
construed as conferring any right to continued tenure in respect of the
channel assigned to the broadcasting undertaking.

2.Transmitting Antenna

2.1 Selection and Sharing of Antenna Sites
This Section sets out the requirements and guidelines to be followed in
the selection of broadcast antenna sites for the purpose of determining
if the site and its antenna structure( s) would constitute a hazard to
air navigation. It also cross-references other related technical
requirements pertaining to the selection of sites.
To avoid excessive number of antenna structures in any given area, the
Department expects applicants and antenna structure owners to work
cooperatively in reaching agreements which allow for and encourage the
sharing of antenna structures.

2.1.1 Clearance of the Site and Antenna Structures by Transport Canada 1

2.1.1.1 Antenna structures located near airports are a potential hazard
to aeronautical navigation. The particulars of each site and antenna
structure shall therefore be evaluated from the aviation point of view.
In selecting suitable sites, broadcast consultants should be guided by
the current policies and procedures of Transport Canada (TC) in this
matter.

2.1.1.2 The applicant shall report the action taken regarding the site
and structure clearance by completing Section D of the "Preliminary
Environmental Information, Municipal/Land-Use Consultation and
Aeronautical Site Clearance Attestation" reproduced in Appendix 3.

2.1.2 Availability and Suitability of the Land Applicants are urged to
investigate such matters as availability of power and communication
facilities at the proposed site, year round accessibility to technical
staff and to determine any other features of the site such as
environmental constraints or provisions for re-zoning that could have a
bearing on the establishment of the broadcasting undertaking at that
location, prior to submitting an application. The availability of the
site should be further assured by taking an option on the property
involved to minimize delays in implementing the undertaking.

2.1.3 Cross-References to other Rules Affecting Site Selection

 (a) Maximum and Minimum Field Strengths for Satisfactory Service to
     Metropolitan Areas (PART II, Section C-3)

 (b) Intermodulation and Cross-modulation Interference (PART II,
     Section C-11)

 (c) Antennas and Ground Systems (PART II, Section C-1)

 (d) Assessment and Control of Maximum Field Strength of FM and TV
     Broadcasting Undertakings (PART III, Section C-5).

 (e) Television Ghosting Interference (PART IV, Section C-7 and PART V,
     Section B-2).

 (f) Environmental Assessment and Exposure to Radiofrequency Energy
     (PART I, Section 8).

2.2 Structural Adequacy of Antenna Towers and Antenna Supporting
Structures To ensure structural adequacy, the Department recommends that
all antenna towers and antenna-supporting structures be designed,
manufactured and erected in accordance with accepted Canadian standards
and that a qualified structural engineer be retained by the applicant.

3. Preparation of Coverage and Frequency Re-use Contour (FRC) Maps
The engineering briefs in support of applications for new broadcasting
undertakings or for changes in facilities of existing undertakings shall
include contour maps as prescribed under the relevant broadcasting
application procedure. Reproducible maps shall also be included with the
application, as prescribed hereunder. The maps are used by the
Department for its technical evaluation of the proposal and reproduced
for circulation to broadcasting consultants, the CRTC, the broadcasting
industry and other interested agencies.

3.1 Preparation of Contour Maps
A reproducible copy of each contour map required shall be prepared in
the standard format size i. e. 37 cm x 28 cm (14" x 11").

3.1.1 The following is a summary of the requirements:

 (a) geographical co-ordinate information shall appear on at least two
     adjacent edges of maps supplied;

 (b) a dimensional scale shall also be clearly shown;

 (c) antenna location shall be plotted and marked with a cross with
     geographical co-ordinates clearly indicated as illustrated below:
      Antenna Location  51 E 51' 51" N. 99 E 30' 45" W.

 (d) all contours shall be labelled clearly. The preferred technique is
     to place labels along the contour lines, thereby avoiding arrows;

 (e) a title block, of dimensions 11.5 cm x 9.5 cm (4" x 3x"), shall be
     placed preferably in the lower right-hand corner. It should
     contain sufficient information to identify the proposal and should
     be stamped by a professional engineer entitled to practice in the
     province or territory concerned. An acceptable specimen is
     illustrated below:

     Name of Broadcasting Engineer Consultant
     Applicant's Name
     Proposed location of undertaking
     Call Sign
     Parameters of Proposed Operation (freq. or channel; average ERP; class;
      mode of operation, etc.)
     Date Map Prepared Stamp of Signature or Engineer Initials

 (f) in cases of proposed changes in facilities, a map showing
     comparative contours shall be submitted (see 3.3.1 (b) and 3.3.2
     (c)).

3.2 Notes

 (a) For most contour representations Natural Resources Canada (Surveys
     and Mapping Branch) maps shall normally be used in the submission
     with a scale consistent with the extent of the contour and the
     format required. However, should more up-to-date official
     Provincial Government maps be available, these may be used when,
     for instance, there is a particular significance in determining the
     latest metropolitan area limits.

 (b) Reproducible prints of computer-generated contour maps are also
     acceptable. It is possible to generate contour maps with a computer
     using a Geographical Information System (GIS) software together
     with a GIS database (i. e. a standardized digitized geographical
     base map). The GIS database used, whether it is a vector or raster
     type base map, must have the resolution and the level of details of
     a 1: 1,000,000 scale map as a minimum for contour maps. For site
     location maps, a scale of 1: 50,000 is required. If the GIS
     database used does not have this resolution, Natural Resources
     Canada maps or other types as referred in (a) are required.  The
     computer generated maps must have a representation, in terms of the
     level of details (or layers) and colour scheme, comparable to the
     Natural Resources Canada maps referred in a), and must be in
     accordance with the other requirements of BPR-I, Section 3. The
     scale must be consistent with the extent of the contour and the
     format required.

 (c) All map reproductions supplied shall be clear in all details
     ensuring that significant information is not hidden by labelling.

3.3 Reproducible Map Requirements
The following requirements are not applicable to low power AM, FM and TV
and very low power FM and TV applications.

3.3.1 For TV and FM Applications
The following reproducible maps are required:

 (a) one contour map bearing the title block defined in 3.1.1( e);

 (b) in case of change in facilities, one additional "comparative
     contours" map, showing the authorized and proposed Grade A and
     Grade B contours for the TV service, the 61 dBu contour for MDS-
     TV, or the authorized and proposed 3 mV/m and 0.5 mV/m contours
     for the FM service, with the above title block.

3.3.2 For AM Applications
The following reproducible maps each bearing the identification block
defined in 3.1.1( e), are required:

 (a) one copy of each contour map included in the engineering brief;

 (b) copies of a sufficient number of maps, to show with satisfactory
     precision the following proposed service coverage contours:

    (i) for daytime: the 25 mV/m, 5 mV/m and 0.5 mV/m contours;

   (ii) for night-time: the usable field strength (E ) contour, and if
        enclosed u within the E , the 25 mV/m and the 5 mV/m
        night-time contour (s); u

 (c) for changes in facilities, the maps in 3.3.2( b) shall show both
     the authorized and the proposed contours.

Each contour should be clearly labelled as to whether it applies to day 
or night operation or both. 3.3.3 For AM Final Proofs of Performance 

With the final proof of performance for an AM undertaking, the following contours shall be shown on one or two reproducible maps:

 (a) for daytime: 0.5 mV/m contour;

 (b) for night-time: usable field strength (E ) contour. u Both
     contours may be shown on the same maps if the E contour can be
     shown u with satisfactory precision.

3.3.4 For DRB Applications
A map showing the coverage area as required in Section C-2.4.6 of BPR V,
in accordance with Appendix 3 of that procedure.

4. AM, FM or TV Proposals Predicated on Release of Assigned Broadcasting
Frequencies or on Changes to Existing Broadcasting Facilities

4.1 Occasionally it may appear expedient to file an application for a
broadcasting undertaking predicated on a frequency which is not yet
available but is expected to become so, as a result of a change of
frequency or other changes at existing facilities.

4.2 The Department may accept an application for a Broadcasting
Certificate based on the above premises. However, technical
acceptability will be conditional on the release of the frequency or on
the implementation of the change in facilities at the existing
undertaking. Should this application be approved by the CRTC, the
implementation of the undertaking may not be effected until the
frequency has actually been vacated or facilities changed. In order to
minimize problems, coordination between all parties is encouraged. The
co-operation of all parties is required for the approval of the
application.

4.3 Under no circumstances will a proposal involving interference be
considered unless agreement has been reached with the undertaking( s)
involved.

5. Requirements for Technical Operation of Broadcasting Transmitter Plants

5.1 These requirements apply to AM, FM and TV broadcasting undertakings.
Operating criteria for DRB undertakings will be issued when
standardized.

5.1.1 The holder of a Broadcasting Certificate for a transmitter plant
is responsible for maintaining frequency, modulation, antenna radiation
patterns (directional and omnidirectional), and total power within
permitted tolerances at all times. This Section sets out the minimum
requirements for controlling, measuring and monitoring a broadcast
transmitter plant.

5.2 Compliance with the minimum requirements may be achieved either by
operating the plant under local control (attended) or under remote
control (unattended). If the plant normally is operated unattended via a
remote control system, and that system fails, the plant shall be
operated under local control until the remote control system is again
operative. When the operation is to be unattended, the applicant shall
so advise the Department in writing certifying that the requirements
outlined in this Section will be met.
The holder of a Broadcasting Certificate shall submit a description of
the technical facilities at his/her disposal enabling him/her to comply
with the minimum requirements specified hereunder. Details to be
included are described in Section 5.7.

5.3 Minimum requirements for controlling, measuring and monitoring of
transmitter plants are as follows:

5.3.1 Controls:

 (a) Carrier ON-OFF.

 (b) Selection of day and night power and/or radiation pattern selection
     where applicable.

 (c) Overload reset, if applicable.

5.3.2 Accurate Measurements:

 (a) Frequency: The carrier frequency shall be measured.

 (b) Modulation: Peak modulation under normal program conditions shall
     be measured.

 (c) Power: The power output of the transmitter shall be measured.
     Measurements shall be made of the RF current at the transmitter
     output or at the common point. For an AM transmitter with
     directional antenna( s), measurements shall also be made of the
     tower currents (or ratios) and phases for each radiation pattern
     certified.

5.3.3 Monitoring

During periods between accurate measurements, undertakings shall be
monitored either locally at the transmitter or remotely. Monitoring of RF
power (visual transmitter power for TV undertakings) may be interpreted
from either the direct method, or RF field strength. 

The minimum requirement is an indication from an "S" meter incorporated
into a suitable monitor receiver at the control point or an indication
from a fixed-tuned receiver of the signal strength during the
synchronizing peak for TV signals.  Rebroadcasting undertakings from which
the off-air signals are not available at the control point shall be
monitored by a person designated by the holder of the Broadcasting
Certificate. Communication between monitoring and control points shall be
available. 

Undertakings shall be capable of being monitored continuously as follows:

5.3.3.1 AM Undertakings

AM transmitters may be monitored with a fixed-tuned receiver. At the
control point there shall be available a means for monitoring modulation,
such as: 

- an audio level meter connected to the output of the receiver,

- an oscilloscope displaying the modulated RF signal,

- any other audible or visible signalling device which will indicate the
  level of modulation.

In all cases, the off-air program audio shall be available at the
control point for monitoring subjective quality and modulation.
For directional arrays, indication of additional antenna parameters may
be required at the control point.

5.3.3.2 FM Undertakings
For monitoring modulation, an audio level meter driven by the receiver
shall be visible at the control point, or an alternative audible or
visible signalling device which will indicate the level of modulation
may be used. The off-air program audio shall be available at the control
point for monitoring subjective quality and modulation; if applicable,
facilities shall also be provided for aural monitoring of stereophonic
and other signals.

5.3.3.3 TV Undertakings
Undertakings which have manned control facilities within reach of off-
air signals shall have at their disposal:

- a demodulated off-air TV signal together with picture and waveform
  monitors,

- a means of indicating the depth of the modulation of the visual
  carrier and,

- a means of monitoring aural program level and quality.

Monitoring of RF power of the aural transmitter may be interpreted from
transmission line power, voltage or current, plate current, or RF field
strength. Remote monitoring of aural RF power is not mandatory.

5.4 Measurements in 5.3.2 shall be logged and the logs shall be retained
for inspection by the Department for a minimum period of six years for
AM Undertakings and two years for others. Also, any significant plant
abnormalities and corrective action taken shall be logged.

Further, since it is the responsibility of the holder of the
Broadcasting Certificate to maintain the plant within permitted
tolerances at all times, if any parameter is out of tolerance at the
time of accurate measurements, then corrective action shall be taken and
more frequent measurements shall be made until the parameter is
controlled within tolerance.

5.5 Normally, measurements in 5.3.2 shall be made weekly. However, if
the broadcaster requests that accurate measurements be taken less
frequently, and can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Department
that frequency, modulation and power remain stable, then the Department
may permit measurements to be made and logged less frequently.

5.6 The holder of a Broadcasting Certificate is responsible for ensuring
that the painting and lighting of antenna support structures are
maintained in accordance with current Transport Canada requirements.

5.7 Description of Technical Facilities
A description of technical facilities (in triplicate) shall be submitted
to the Director, Broadcast Applications Engineering prior to "on-air"
operation of any undertaking. The submission shall include:

5.7.1 Transmitter manufacturer, model and Departmental Technical
Acceptance Certificate (TAC) number. For the interim period, the
requirement for a TAC does not apply to digital radio transmitters.
However, DRB transmitters must conform with the technical requirements
of BPR-V, Appendix 2. The requirements of this section do not apply yet
to DRB undertakings 2 12

5.7.2 A list of equipment available for the accurate measurements
required in 5.3.2. If the measuring equipment does not normally remain
at the transmitter plant; its normal location and availability shall be
specified.

5.7.3 A list of equipment available for monitoring as in 5.3.3.

6. Requirements for the Establishment of Auxiliary Transmitting Systems
for AM, FM and TV Uundertakings 2

6. 1 Introduction

6.1.1 Many broadcasting undertakings find it expedient to provide
auxiliary transmitting systems to ensure continuity of service in the
event of failure of the main transmitting system or for periods of
maintenance. This action is in the public interest and every
encouragement is given to licensees to equip their undertakings in this
manner.

6.1.2 In order to comply with the provisions of the Radiocommunication
Act and international agreements, and to maintain a proper engineering
standard of equipment and installation, it has been found necessary to
promulgate the following requirements governing auxiliary transmitting
systems.

6.1.3 Authority is required for the installation and use of any
auxiliary transmitting system. Applications for authority to establish
alternate or standby facilities shall be made to the Director, Broadcast
Applications Engineering on departmental Form 16-251 "Application for
Authority to Establish an Auxiliary Broadcasting Transmitting System"
available for that purpose. Authority to establish an emergency
transmitting system shall be obtained from the local Industry Canada
District Manager.

6.1.4 Nothing contained herein relieves the licensee of his/her
responsibilities under the Radiocommunication Regulations relating to
the control of undertakings in a national emergency.

6.2 Definitions and Usage

6.2.1 Main Transmitter
A broadcasting transmitter in respect of which a Technical Acceptances
Certificat (TAC) has been issued with rated power output as authorized,
and which is primarily used to provide the service for which the
undertaking is licensed.

6.2.2 Auxiliary Transmitters

 (a) Alternate Transmitter: A broadcasting transmitter in respect of
     which a Technical Acceptance Certificate has been issued with the
     same rated power and electrical characteristics as the main
     transmitter and which is used alternately with the main transmitter
     to provide the service for which the undertaking is licensed.

 (b) Standby Transmitter: A broadcasting transmitter in respect of which
     a TAC has been issued which is used to maintain some continuity of
     service in the event of failure of the main or alternate
     transmitter. This transmitter may also be used during specified
     periods when maintenance is being carried out on the main
     transmitter. The power or the coverage required of a standby
     transmitter is specified in Section 6.3.2.

 (c) Emergency Transmitter: A broadcasting transmitter to provide some
     continuity of service when emergency conditions render impossible
     the continued use of main, alternate or standby transmitters. The
     maximum powers for these emergency operations for the various
     broadcasting services are as follows:

     AM Broadcasting - 250 Watts
     FM Broadcasting - 1 kW ERP
     Television - 1 kW ERP

Emergency transmitters, if not issued a Technical Acceptance Certificate
(TAC), shall comply with technical requirements dealing with frequency
tolerance, spurious, harmonic radiation and safety. It is strongly
recommended that these emergency transmitters comply with as many as
possible of the other requirements as well.

6.3 Location of Main and Auxiliary Transmitters

6.3.1 Main and Alternate Transmitters

Main and alternate transmitters shall be located at the main transmitter
site as shown on the Broadcasting Certificate and shall operate into the
antenna system which has been approved for the undertaking's power and
frequency. In all respects, the two transmitters shall be completely
interchangeable without measurable effect on the signal in any
direction.

6.3.2 Standby Transmitters
Standby transmitters may be located at either the main transmitter site,
or some other approved site and shall operate into either the main or
some other approved antenna system.

 (a) AM Operations: If the standby transmitter is located in a
     metropolitan area the power shall not exceed 250 watts.

 (b) FM Operations: The location and parameters of the standby operation
     shall be such that its 3 mV/m contour would enclose the principal
     population centre which the undertaking is licensed to serve.

 (c) TV Operations: The location and parameters of the standby operation
     shall be such that its Grade A contour would enclose the principal
     population centre which the undertaking is licensed to serve.

6.3.3 Emergency Transmitters
Emergency transmitting systems are not planned installations and their
necessity results from unforeseen circumstances beyond the control of
the undertaking licensee. The operation of such systems shall be limited
to a duration of two weeks. Authority may be obtained from the
Departmental District Office. Otherwise the provisions of Section 6.5
hereunder apply.

6.4 Maintenance and Operation
The requirements of Section 5 shall apply to alternate and standby
facilities. When alternate, standby or emergency transmitters are used,
a log shall be kept covering each operation with an explanation of the
circumstances and the necessity for such an operation.

6.4.1 Identification of Undertakings During Standby or Emergency
Operation

6.4.1.1 Undertakings shall identify hourly during times of standby or
emergency operation and shall include an indication that the undertaking
is operating with reduced power and with a different antenna location
where applicable.

6.4.1.2 Since AM broadcasting undertakings are used extensively as aids
to aeronautical navigation, it is very important that the exact
transmitter site be known. Therefore, when circumstances make it
necessary to operate an AM standby or emergency transmitter at a
location different from the main transmitter, the following information
shall be given in an announcement every fifteen minutes: the call sign
and nominal location of the undertaking; a statement to the effect that
a standby or emergency transmitter is being used; and a sufficiently
clear descriptive name for the actual transmitter location to identify
it as distinct from the main transmitter site. Example "CALL Podunk,
broadcasting from our standby transmitter located at our main studio in
the Forum Building in downtown Podunk".

6.5 Special Case Operations There may be exceptional circumstances
requiring the operation of auxiliary facilities other than described
herein. Such requirements shall be submitted to the Director, Broadcast
Applications Engineering, and will be dealt with on a case-by-case
basis.

7. The assignment and Identification Requirements for AM, FM, TV and DRB
Broadcasting Undertakings

7. 1 Introduction

7.1.1 Article 25 of the ITU Radio Regulations specifies the allocation
of call signs for all countries and the requirements for their use. In
Canada, the requirements for broadcasting undertaking identification are
contained in the Department's Radiocommunication Regulations, Section 22
and in Broadcasting Equipment Technical Standard No 11 (BETS-11)
entitled" Technical Requirements Respecting the Identification of
Broadcasting And other low power FM undertakings that are CRTC licenced-
exempt, undertakings operating in museums, 3 churches, etc, for a
specific audience.
The purpose of this Section is to outline the process followed by the
Department in assigning call signs to broadcast undertakings in Canada,
and the manner in which they are to be announced for on-air
identification.

7.2 Assignment of Call Signs

7.2.1 The Department will assign a call sign to an applicant for a
Broadcasting Certificate. This call sign shall be used for
identification by the main programme and optionally, ancillary
programmes. However, separate call signs will not be issued for
ancillary channels (e. g. SCMO) and for DRB ancillary services.

7.2.2 The Department will assign call signs beginning with letters "CF",
"CH", "CI", "CJ" and "CK" which have been reserved for broadcasting.

7.2.3 By special arrangement, broadcasting undertakings owned and
operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation may be assigned call
signs beginning with "CB". The use of CB does not apply to HF
broadcasting.

7.2.4 Four letter basic call signs, starting with the letters reserved
for broadcasting undertakings, will be assigned. In special cases, three
letter call signs may be assigned to national network undertakings.
Suffixes "FM", "TV" and "DR" will identify FM, TV and DRB undertakings
respectively. Numerical suffixes will be appended to identify
rebroadcasting undertakings, where the same basic call sign is assigned
to the originating as well as the rebroadcasting undertaking
(rebroadcasting undertakings are those that broadcast simultaneously the
programs of another undertaking for at least half of the broadcasting
schedule).
The Department will assign special call signs, consisting of two letters
and four digits, for satellite fed low power FM and TV undertakings
which have no local 3 programming i. e. VF2000 to VF9999 for FM and
CH2000 to CH9999 for TV.

7.2.5 Call signs should be requested at the time of submitting an
application for a Broadcasting Certificate and a Broadcasting Licence
(CRTC). The Department will assess the operational suitability of the
call sign proposed by the applicant, may request advice from the CRTC,
and make a provisional decision. The provisional call sign will then be
reserved for the period that the application is considered active.
Information concerning provisional call signs may be obtained by
examining applications for Broadcasting Certificates on file in the
Department after the CRTC has published its public notice in respect of
related licence applications. Comments relating to call signs may be
submitted to the Director, Broadcast Applications Engineering. Normally,
a final decision on the call sign will be taken when authority to
construct is granted, after due consideration of the comments received
up to that time.

7.2.6 Licensees of existing undertakings who wish to change their call
signs shall make their request in writing to the Director, Broadcast
Applications Engineering. The Department will assess the operational
suitability of the call sign proposed by the licensee, may request
advice from the CRTC, and then render a decision.

7.2.7 Normally, a distinctive basic call sign will be assigned to each
broadcasting undertaking. Additionally, the same basic call sign may be
assigned:

 (a) to undertakings of different categories owned by the same
     individual, the same corporation or wholly-owned subsidiaries of
     the same corporation, and serving the same centre; or

 (b) to rebroadcasting undertakings owned by the same individual, the
     same corporation or wholly-owned subsidiaries of the same
     corporation (with a numerical suffix).

7.2.7 Where the same basic call sign is used by more than one
undertaking, the Department may impose a change in call sign if there is
a change in ownership of a undertaking, or, in the case of a
rebroadcasting undertaking, the proportion of rebroadcast programs
becomes insufficient.

7.2.8 The Department will not assign a proposed call sign to an
undertaking where,

 (a) in the Department's opinion, there is a phonetic spelling
     similarity between the proposed call sign and the call sign of
     another undertaking located within a radius of 300 km;

 (b) the service areas of undertakings with phonetic spelling similarity
     overlap; or,

 (c) the positive identification of the undertakings might be impaired.
     (Positive aural identification is considered to be the spelling of
     each letter or number that make up the call sign).

7.3 Identification of Broadcasting Undertakings

7.3.1 Pursuant to the Radiocommunication Regulations, Section 22 and
Broadcasting Equipment Technical Standard No 11 (BETS-11), the holder of
a Broadcasting Certificate shall identify by a voice announcement in
English or French, giving the call sign by articulating each letter and
number in the call sign, and the principal city or community that is
served by the undertaking. For TV undertakings, the voice announcement
may be replaced by a visual announcement of not less than three seconds
in duration that identifies the call sign and the principal city or
community that is served by the undertaking. The announcement is to be
made every hour, on the hour. Where a program is of more than one hour
in duration, the announcement shall be made within 10 minutes of the
hour, except where it is necessary to retain the continuity of a program
in its entirety without interruption, in which case the announcement may
be made at the beginning and at the end of the program.

7.3.2 If a broadcasting undertaking is associated with a rebroadcasting
undertaking that is unable to originate its own identification, the
holder of the Broadcasting Certificate in respect to that rebroadcasting
undertaking may comply with the requirements of Section 7.3.1 by having
an arrangement between the rebroadcasting undertaking and the
broadcasting undertaking wherein the broadcasting undertaking identifies
the rebroadcasting undertaking at least once a day.

7.3.3 Sections 7.3.1 and 7.3.2 do not apply to a rebroadcasting
undertaking that is unable to originate its own identification, if the
broadcasting certificate issued in respect of that rebroadcasting
undertaking specifies that the rebroadcasting undertaking:

 (a) has been assigned a radio frequency without protection from
     interference by a broadcasting undertaking;

 (b) shall not cause interference to the operation of any broadcasting
     undertaking; and

 (c) is located outside any zone within Canada that, by virtue of any
     agreement between Canada and any other country, requires Canada to
     obtain the concurrence of that other country for the establishment
     of that rebroadcasting undertaking.

8. Environmental Assessment Procedure and Exposure to Radiofrequency
Energy Procedure

8. 1 Environmental Assessment Procedure

8.1.1 Introduction

8.1.1.1 The Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) requires an
environmental assessment process for certain activities for which the
Government of Canada has a decision making responsibility.

8.1.1.2 Broadcasting transmitting undertakings generally include
antenna( s) and antenna supporting structures, transmitter facilities
and ground systems.

8.1.1.3 Applications for such structures and facilities may require an
Environmental Assessment as part of the certification process for
broadcasting undertakings, unless the Department has determined that the
exclusion criteria under CEAA are met - see Section 8.1.2.

8.1.1.4 The purpose of this procedure is to identify the relevant
information to be submitted to the Department in support of an
application.

8.1.1.5 This procedure applies to any new broadcasting transmitting
undertaking or for changes to existing facilities.

8.1.2 Procedure for Excluded Applications

8.1.2.1 An Environmental Assessment is not required if the proposed
construction, installation, expansion or modification of the antenna( s)
and its supporting structures:

 (a) is not carried out in or on or within 30 m of a water body;

 (b) does not involve the likely release of a polluting substance into a
     water body;

 (c) has one of the following characteristics:

    (i) the antenna and supporting structure are affixed to an existing
        building;

   (ii) the antenna and supporting structure are situated at a distance
        of less than 15 m from an existing building, and

  (iii) neither the antenna nor its supporting structure nor any of its
        supporting lines have a footprint of more than 25 m ; 2 and

 (d) in the case of subparagraph (c)( iii), would not require a permit
     under paragraph 25( 1)( a) or 27( a) of the Territorial Land Use
     Regulations.

8.1.2.2 The footprint is the area of land occupied at ground level by a
supporting structure or any of its supporting lines.

8.1.2.3 The applicant shall complete the "Preliminary Environmental
Information , Municipal/Land-Use Consultation and Aeronautical Site
Clearance Attestation" reproduced in Appendix 3.

8.1.3 Procedure for Non-Excluded Applications

8.1.3.1 If the application is not excluded, an environmental study of
the impact of the planned antenna and antenna supporting structures
shall be conducted by the applicant.

8.1.3.2 The environmental study shall comprise the "Preliminary
Environmental Information, Municipal/Land-Use Consultation and
Aeronautical Site Clearance Attestation" reproduced in Appendix 3 and an
environmental impact analysis for any potential adverse environmental
effects such as the proximity to designated areas (wildlife reserves,
recreational areas, historic sites, cemeteries, etc.).

8.1.3.3 Environmental information may be obtained by contacting the
regional office of Environment Canada, the Canadian Environmental
Assessment Agency or the appropriate provincial department responsible
for the environment.

8.2 Exposure to Radiofrequency Energy Procedure

8.2.1 Introduction

8.2.1.1 Public exposure to excessive levels of radio-frequency (RF)
energy can cause adverse health effects. The Radiation Protection Bureau
of Health Canada has issued Safety Code 6 which sets out safety
requirements for the installation and use of stationary radio-frequency
apparatus that operate in the frequency range 10 kHz to 300 GHz.
Broadcasters are to ensure that their facilities are engineered to meet
Safety Code 6 requirements concerning the protection of the general
public. To this end, the engineering brief submitted in support of an
application for a Broadcasting Certificate shall contain an analysis of
RF exposure levels.

8.2.1.2 Occupational exposure is covered by the Canadian Labour Code.

8.2.2 Purpose
The purpose of this RF exposure procedure is:

 (a) to describe the departmental process with respect to the analysis
     and the technical acceptability of applications;

 (b) to recommend prediction methods to determine compliance with Safety
     Code 6;

 (c) to specify the responsibility with respect to the protection of the
     general public from exposure to RF energy.

8.2.3 Method of Analysis
Exposure limits (or safety standards) specified in Safety Code 6 vary as
a function of frequency. Where the electromagnetic energy is radiated by
more than one source, the summing of the individual sources, as a power
addition of each contribution at the frequency concerned, shall be
expressed as a fraction of the safety standard. To this end, the
applicant shall predict or measure the fraction of existing exposure
levels in the vicinity of the proposed site. The applicant shall then
assess the fractional contribution due to the proposal alone.

The fractional contribution is expressed as a fraction of the exposure
limit at the pertinent frequency:

 Where:
 F = the fractional contribution of each source. i
 P = the power density produced by each source. i
 S = exposure limit at the pertinent frequency. i

Each fractional contribution for FM, DRB and TV undertakings is
calculated using either of the following:

Regardless of how many programmes are carried by a DRB facility, for
exposure analysis, the ERP of the transmitting system shall be based on
the assumption that the DRB group is complete, i. e. all 5 programmes
are carried by the facility.

For AM broadcasting undertakings, the Department recommends the use of
Table 1 in Appendix 2 as a prediction method to determine exposure to 4
radiofrequency energy. F is expressed as the square of the ratio of the
exposure i level to that of the exposure limit (all expressed in V/m or
A/m).

The individual fractional contributions are then summed to determine the
total fractional contribution as follows:

In certain RF exposure situations, the Department may require further
analysis. 5 23

8.2.5 Contact Currents
It is to be noted that undertakings operating in the frequency range up
to 30 MHz (e. g. AM and short wave undertakings) induce electric charges
on ungrounded or poorly grounded metallic objects. When someone touches
such objects, RF currents flow through the person to the ground.
Proceeding with measurements is the only reliable way to ensure
compliance with Safety Code 6. Section 2.2.3 of this code gives the
exposure limits. Appendix IV, section C of the code suggests a test
circuit to use in determining contact current levels when implementing
the broadcasting facility.

8.2.6 Operational Considerations

8.2.6.1 Under 8.2.4 3 (c) above, if the predicted total exposure level
is above the exposure limit, the applicant can select alternate power,
antenna pattern and height above ground and/or site to demonstrate
compliance. Under conditional technical acceptability, if measurements
uncover areas where predicted levels are within 3 dB of exposure limits
(Section 8.2.4 3 b), then:

 (a) consideration may be given to mitigating factors such as
     demarcation areas, warning signs etc., as recommended in Safety
     Code 6;

 (b) where mitigating measures cannot be applied, the certificate holder
     shall then reduce power, adjust antenna system etc., to comply with
     the Code, even to the extent of closing down the constructed
     facilities.

8.2.6.2 In all cases, the Department reserves the right to request the
measurement of the exposure at a site, before or after the construction
of the undertaking.

8.3 Notification to Municipalities /Land-Use Authorities

8.3.1 Applicants shall notify the local municipality( ies) or land-use
authority( ies) regarding the location of all proposed antenna towers,
including the physical characteristics of antenna structures and
associated buildings. The following sections of BPR-II, III, IV and V
give further information regarding municipal notification:
 (a) BPR-  II, Section  C-10.4.2
 (b) BPR- III, Sections C-5.5.2, D-1.3 or F-1.3
 (c) BPR-  IV, Sections C-5.5.2, D-1.3, F-1.3 or H-2.2
 (d) BPR-   V, Section  C-3.

8.3.2 The applicant shall also complete Part C of the "Preliminary
Environmental Information, Municipal/Land-Use Consultation and
Aeronautical Site Clearance Attestation" of Appendix 3.

8.4 Departmental Processing

8.4.1 The Department will review the "Attestation Form " and the RF
exposure study submitted by the applicant.

8.4.2 If the application is excluded, the Department will continue to
process the application.

8.4.3 If the application is not excluded, the applicant will either:

  (i) alter the proposal so as to meet the exclusion requirements, or

 (ii) participate in the CEAA assessment process as required by the
      Department.

8.4.4 The Department reserves the right to request additional
information or action from the applicant.

9. Requirements for the Selection of Transmitting Equipment
The applicant or holder of a Broadcasting Certificate for a broadcasting
transmitting undertaking is required to use transmitting equipment which
meets the following for all regular power and low power undertakings;

 (a) the equipment has been issued a TAC under the applicable
 Broadcasting Equipment Technical Standard (BETS) as a single unit, or

 (b) the equipment has been made up of sub-assemblies from certified
 transmitters i. e. an exciter from one transmitter and a final
 amplifier from another transmitter.

Note: 1. The foregoing notwithstanding, the Department reserves the
         right to require that measurements be taken and a report
         submitted to show compatibility with the applicable
         Broadcasting Equipment Technical Standard (BETS) with regard to
         spurious and harmonic emissions.

      2. For the purposes of BPR-V, digital radio broadcasting
         transmitting equipment must conform with the technical
         requirements of BPR-V, Appendix 2, pending the development of
         an appropriate Broadcasting Equipment Technical Standard
         (BETS).

Appendix 1

 Address of the Departmental Headquarters
  Director, Broadcast Applications Engineering
  Industry Canada
  300 Slater Street,
  OTTAWA, Ontario
  K1A 0C8

 Addresses of Regional Offices
  (1) PACIFIC REGION (2) PNWT REGION
  Regional Director General Regional Director General
  Industry Canada Industry Canada
  Spectrum and Consumer Operation 200-386 Broadway Avenue
  2000-300 West Georgia Street WINNIPEG, Manitoba
  VANCOUVER, B. C. R3C 3Y9
  V6B 6E1

 (3) ONTARIO REGION (4) QUEBEC REGION
  Director, Spectrum Management Regional Director General
  Industry Canada Industry Canada
  1, Front Street West 5, Place Ville-Marie, 7th Floor
  2nd Floor MONTREAL, Quebec
  TORONTO, Ontario H3B 2G2
  M5J 1A4

 (5) ATLANTIC REGION
  Regional Director, Marketplace Services
  Industry Canada
  1045 Main street, Unit 103
  MONCTON, N. B.
  E1C 1H1

 Description of Regional Boundaries
 (1) PACIFIC REGION: British Columbia and Yukon.

 (2) PNWT REGION: Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and the Northwest 
     Territories. 

 (3) ONTARIO REGION: Ontario.

 (4) QUEBEC REGION: Quebec. 

 (5) ATLANTIC REGION: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island 
     and Newfoundland and Labrador. 32 

Electric Magnetic Transmitter power (kW)
Field Field
Strength Strength
(V/m) (A/m) 50 25 10 5 2.5 1.0 0.5 0.25 0.10
25 0.06 109 83 60 47 37 27 22 18 13
50 0.13 65 51 37 29 23 18 14 11 8
75 0.19 49 38 28 23 18 13 11 8 6
100 0.25 40 31 23 19 15 11 9 7 5
150 0.38 30 24 18 15 11 8 6 5 4
200 0.5 25 20 15 12 9 7 5 4 3
280 0.74 21 17 12 10 7 5 4 3 2
300 0.75 20 16 11 9 7 5 4 3 ^╦2
400 1.00 16 13 9 7 6 4 3 ^╦2 ^╦2
500 1.25 14 11 8 6 5 3 3 ^╦2 ^╦2
750 1.88 11 8 6 5 4 3 ^╦2 ^╦2 ^╦2
1000 2.50 9 7 5 4 3 ^╦2 ^╦2 ^╦2 ^╦2

Table I: Distances (in metres) at which fields from AM undertakings are
         predicted to fall below various field strength levels (from OST
         Bulletin no. 65)

Note 1:  This table can be used for all AM frequencies. The entries in
         this table apply to both electric field strength and the
         corresponding magnetic field strength (assuming a free-space
         impedance equal to 377 S ).

Note 2:  To verify compliance for an AM alone, determine the exposure
         limit value from Safety Code 6 for the frequency of the
         undertaking, then using the above Table and assuming the
         proposed transmitter power at each individual tower, determine
         the radial distance (radius of circle) to the above limit for
         each tower of the array. The exposure limit is exceeded inside
         the area delimited by these circles about the tower array.
         Linear interpolation can be used to determine the distance for
         intermediate values of exposure or transmitter power. If the
         site is shared with other radio facilities, use the table to
         obtain the field contribution by considering the distance d
         from the individual tower. The field contributions can then be
         summed-up.

Distances from the Transmitting Antenna
Where the Exposure is the Safety Code 6 Limit

Broadcasting Service Distance in metres
 Low Power FM                              2.9
 Very Low Power FM                         1.3
 Low Power VHF Television                  5.8
 Very Low Power VHF Television             1.3
 Low Power UHF Television Channel 14      15.3
 Very Low Power UHF Television Channel 14  2.1
 Low power UHF Television Channel 69      11.5
 Very Low Power UHF Television Channel 69  1.6

Table 2: Distances at which RF exposure is equal to the Safety Code 6 limit.

Appendix 3
Preliminary Environmental Information, Municipal/Land-Use Consultation and
Aeronautical Site Clearance Attestation
PRELIMINARY ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION, MUNICIPAL/LAND-USE
CONSULTATION AND AERONAUTICAL SITE CLEARANCE ATTESTATION
PART A - IDENTIFICATION
I _______________________________________ (the applicant) propose to
install or modify the antenna( s) or antenna supporting structure
described herein; 9 new structure, or, 9 modified structure,
__________________________________________________________ (address,
description of location), with the following coordinates:
_______░_______ '_______" north latitude and _______░_______ '_______"
west longitude.

PART B - PRELIMINARY ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION ATTESTATION

The proposed antenna installation and supporting structure are:

Yes No 9 9

within 30 metres of a water body including a wetland. 9 9

likely to release a polluting substance into a water body. 9 9

in a national park or other federally protected area. 9 9

a significant modification to an existing antenna installation. 9 9

attached to, or within 15 metres of, an existing building. 9 9

independent of an existing building and, individually, they or any
supporting line have a footprint greater than 25 m . 2 9 9 located on
Territorial Crown land requiring a permit under the Territorial Land Use
Regulations. 

I note that further study may be required where the proposed structure is
not excluded from the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act and may have
significant adverse environmental effects. 

PART C - MUNICIPAL/LAND-USE CONSULTATION ATTESTATION

(1) ____ I have consulted with the municipal/land-use authority and have
obtained their concurrence; 

(2) ____ I have consulted or will consult the municipal/land-use authority
on ___________________ (date) and will forward any comments when received.
I understand that this may delay the issuance of a radio authorization; 

(3) ____ I have not consulted with the appropriate municipal/land-use
authority, as I believe that the structure or the change proposed thereto
is insignificant. I accept any consequences of this decision; or,

(4) ____ I consulted with the appropriate municipal/land-use authority and
they do not concur. I now petition Industry Canada to consider the
application based on the attached details of my consultation. 

PART D - AERONAUTICAL SITE CLEARANCE ATTESTATION

(1) ____ I have aeronautical site clearance and the antenna structure will
comply with Transport Canada requirements; 

(2) ____ I will have or I will apply for clearance from Transport Canada
on _______________ (date) ; or,

(3) ____ I do not need aeronautical site clearance from Transport Canada,
as I believe that the structure is exempted from such requirement. I
accept any consequences of this decision; 

"I declare that this information is true, complete and correct to the best
of my knowledge." 

 ___________________________ _____________________________ ____________
 Applicant's signature Title (if on behalf of a Company)    Date