Primary Documents

Early Encounters in North America: Peoples, Cultures, and the Environment

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Description: 

Early Encounters in North America contains 1,482 authors and over 100,000 pages of  letters, diaries, memoirs and accounts of early encounters.  Particular care has been taken to index the material so that it can be used in new ways.  For example, you can identify all encounters between the French and the Huron between 1650 and 1700.

To begin with we needed to define an “encounter” and its key elements. An encounter took place between peoples, at a particular place, at a particular time. We came up with a definition and built a special database from the original materials. This table would, for the first time, allow users to see a chronological table of the major encounters, with one-click access to the primary materials that describe them.

The encounters database was also built to include fielded data indicating the “where, when, who, and what” of each encounter. The user could then consult the encounter database and jump directly to the relevant materials. It made it possible for users to answer perplexing questions with ease – for example, “How do the encounters between the Spanish and the Indians compare with those of the French and the Indians?”

(from the website)

This is an Alexander Street Press database, unique because they provide full text and primary documents. You can browse or search for people, events, encounters, authors, audio/video, places, and years. Link to the full text or image.

Notes: 

This database includes the images and full text of the documents included.

Coverage: 
1600's to present
Update Frequency: 
Irregularly
Stable URL: 

A stable url (or persistent link) is a link that connects a user to a particular item in a database or on the web.

In this database, click on the symbol for "permalink" at the top of the page to see the persistent link for the item.

Early English Books Online

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Description: 

Early English Books Online (EEBO) contains digital facsimile page images of virtually every work printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and British North America and works in English printed elsewhere from 1473-1700 - from the first book printed in English by William Caxton, through the age of Spenser and Shakespeare and the tumult of the English Civil War.

This collection now contains about 100,000 of over 125,000 titles listed in Pollard & Redgrave's Short-Title Catalogue (1475-1640) and Wing's Short-Title Catalogue (1641-1700) and their revised editions, as well as the Thomason Tracts (1640-1661) collection and the Early English Books Tract Supplement. Libraries possessing this collection find they are able to fulfill the most exhaustive research requirements of graduate scholars - from their desktop! - in many subject areas, including: English literature, history, philosophy, linguistics, theology, music, fine arts, education, mathematics, and science.

(from the website) Read more.

Notes: 

Each individual book title can also be found in TOPCAT (over 100,000 items). Search by title, author, subject, or keyword.

You can choose to simultaneously search Eighteenth Century Collections Online (books), by clicking in the box that offers this option.

Coverage: 
1473-1700
Update Frequency: 
Sporadic.

Eighteenth Century Collections Online

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Description: 

Use Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO) to access the digital images of every page of 150,000 books published during the 18th Century. With full-text searching of approximately 26 million pages, the product allows researchers new methods of access to critical information in the fields of history, literature, religion, law, fine arts, science and more.

The collection will include every significant English-language and foreign-language title printed in the United Kingdom, along with thousands of important works from the Americas. The collection is an ongoing project based on The English Short Title Catalogue (ESTC), a machine-readable union list of the holdings of the British Library, as well as those from more than 1,500 university, private, and public libraries worldwide.

Eighteenth Century Collections Online captures the essence of the Enlightenment in Great Britain between 1701 and 1800. As the eighteenth century opened, the expiration of the strict controls that previously existed over printing, coupled with the birth of the Industrial Revolution, resulted in the proliferation of printing operations across the country—and in turn, created an explosion of literacy. For the first time, a large segment of the population was exposed to a vast array of printed material. Social and economic criticism flourished; theories on man and society were set forth and debated. A variety of materials is included—from books and broadsides, Bibles, tract books and sermons to printed ephemera—with works by many well-known and lesser-known authors, all providing a diverse collection of material for the researcher of the eighteenth century. A centerpiece of this collection is the complete works of twenty-eight major eighteenth-century authors including:

• Henry Fielding
• Edmund Burke
• Alexander Pope
• Thomas Paine
• Benjamin Franklin
• Jonathan Swift

Also included are significant collections of women writers of the eighteenth century, collections on the French Revolution, and numerous eighteenth-century editions of the works of Shakespeare. Where they add scholarly value or contain important differences, multiple editions of each individual work are offered (including all 500 editions of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe) to enable scholars to make textual comparisons of the works.

(From the website)

 

Eighteenth Century Collection Online via Text Creation Partnership provides 2,231 highly accurate, fully-searchable, SGML/XML-encoded texts from the ECCO collection representing some of the most used volumes from the collection.

Notes: 

Each page is an image of the printed original document.

You can choose to simultaneously search Early English Books Online (books), by clicking in the box that offers this option.

Click here to connect to Eighteenth Century Collections Online.

Click here to connect to Eighteenth Century Collections Online via the Text Creation Partnership

Coverage: 
Only books published in the 1700's.
Update Frequency: 
Ongoing

Eighteenth Century Journals I & II

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Description: 

Rare printed British journals, periodicals and newspapers of the long eighteenth century not covered in EEBO, ECCO or Early English Newspapers. All items are full text searchable.

This project brings together rare journals printed between 1693 and 1799 illuminating all aspects of eighteenth-century social, political and literary life. Many are ephemeral, lasting only for a handful of issues, others run for several years. They offer effective coverage of the important issues of the period, and are invaluable to the study of all aspects of the eighteenth century, including crime, sport, advertising, the theatre; fashion; politics, revolution; agriculture; social issues and society life.

There are polemics, poetry, letters to the press, reviews of drama and novels, contemporary adverts and essays on almost every conceivable topic.

See the list of titles.

(From the website)

Notes: 

Available from Adam Matthew Digital through a CRKN agreement (June 1, 2008 - May 31, 2011).

Coverage: 
1693-1700
Stable URL: 

A stable url (or persistent link) is a link that connects a user to a particular item in a database or on the web.

A persistent link in this database is the link to the .pdf document.

Empire Online

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Description: 

Empire Online features a wide variety of material including:  Exploration journals and logs; Letter books and correspondence; Periodicals; Diaries; Official Government Papers; Missionary papers; Travel writing; Slave papers; Memoirs; Fiction; Children's Adventure Stories; Traditional folk tales; Exhibition Catalogues and guides; Maps; Marketing Posters; Photographs; and Illustrations, with many in colour.  All of the items featured are covered in their entirety.  All of these have been indexed in detail, enabling students to find relevant materials easily.

The images are sourced from libraries and archives around the world, including a strong core of document images from the British Library.

The project is divided into five sections covering varying aspects of the colonial experience.  These are:

  • Section I: Cultural Contact, 1492-1969
    • manuscript sources such as the diaries and eyewitness accounts of European travellers, correspondence and periodical literature
    • evidence from native populations and indigenous tribes in Africa, India, Canada, Australia and the South Pacific
    • examines how attitudes changed over time as well as the manner in which Europeans worked both with and against indigenous groups in the quest for independence and self-government in the twentieth century
  • Section II: Literature and Empire
    • important texts describing the outreach and impact of colonial endeavour
    • writings by both pro- and anti-imperial authors, by agents of empire, by controllers of empire, and by imperial subjects
    • poetry, prose and drama
  • Section III: The Visible Empire
    • provides photographs and illustrations (over 5% of the images in this section are in colour) that relate to the art, architecture, representations of indigenous peoples, landscapes and natural history of colonial territories throughout the world
    • also focuses on the perception of Empire at home and how Britain was perceived by its visiting colonial subjects
  • Section IV: Religion and Empire
    • features material on encounters with local religious beliefs, missionary work, the development of indigenous churches, and the annexation of existing local beliefs and customs
    • documents on different regions in India and Africa, and on work amongst the Native American Indians in Canada; Maoris, Aborigines and other tribes are covered in records on Australasia and the South Pacific
  • Section V: Race, Class, Imperialism and Colonialism, c1607-2007
    • Colonialism created a new world order in which Europeans asserted their right to intervene and impose conditions of modernity on the subject peoples of their empires. Imperialism as the bearer of modernity, or what the Victorians called the civilising mission, constructed new identities of race, class and gender
    • looks at concepts of America and Imperialism from colonial time to Iraq

(From the website)

Notes: 

Includes images: maps, photographs, and illustrations.

Available from Adam Matthew Digital through a CRKN agreement (June 1, 2008 - May 31, 2011).

Coverage: 
1492-2007
Stable URL: 

A stable url (or persistent link) is a link that connects a user to a particular item in a database or on the web.

A persistent link in this database is the link to the .pdf document.

See more information on copyright and linking.

Evans Early American Imprint Collection - Text Creation Partnership

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Resource Type: 
Description: 

4,977 accurately keyed and fully searchable SGML/XML text editions from among the 40,000 titles available in the Evans Early American Imprints Collection of printed source material relating to the history, literature, and culture of the first 250 years of what is now the United States, between 1640 and 1821.

Notes: 

Each page is an image of the printed original document.

Coverage: 
Books, pamphlets, and broadsides known to have been printed in the United States between 1640 and 1821.
Update Frequency: 
Not updated regularly.

Globe and Mail (1844-2011)

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Description: 

The Globe and Mail (1844-2009) is Canada's National Newspaper, daily offering over a million readers from coast to coast unparalleled national, international and business reporting, analysis and commentary.

It’s the deepest and most extensive online historic newspaper archive in Canada and includes every news story, photograph, map, advertisement, classified ad, political cartoon, birth and death notice, and more. The breadth and depth of content make it a vital and convenient research tool for educators, librarians and all researchers. (from the website)

This resource offers the full-page archive of the Globe and Mail newspaper dating back to the pre-Confederation era. This image-rich database brings the entire archive of Canada's National Newspaper to your desktop in seconds.

Notes: 

Each page is presented in .pdf format, with the search term highlighted.

For access to current or recent Globe & Mail content, see Newspapers at Trent Library.

Coverage: 
1844-200?

House of Commons Parliamentary Papers

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Description: 

The House of Commons Parliamentary Papers are vital to the historical record of Britain, its former Colonies and the wider world. They are among the richest and most detailed primary sources for the history of the past two centuries, and are fundamental to an understanding of current legislation, policy making and the political environment. HCPP online, with searchable full text, and detailed subject indexing, makes it possible to fully exploit the enormous potential of this resource for the first time.

Notes: 

The papers are mostly images of pages.

Coverage: 
Trent has access to the 19th Century Collection covering 1801-1900
Update Frequency: 
Ongoing.

Women and Social Movements in the United States 1600-2000

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Resource Type: 
Description: 

Women and Social Movements contains the following resources:

  • 91 document projects that interpret and present documents, most of which are not otherwise available online. Each document project poses an interpretive question and provides a collection of documents that address the question. Altogether these document projects provide more than 3,600 documents, approximately 780 images, and over 700 links to other websites. They demonstrate that historical analysis is an interpretive process based on documents. Viewers of the site are encouraged to participate in that interpretive process. We expect to add twelve new document projects annually. Women and Social Movements is also now accepting submissions of document projects for consideration for online publication. See below for more information.
  • More than 150,000 pages of full-text documents pertaining to Women and Social Movements. These materials have been selected by the Editors for their relevance to the focus of the website. We plan to add 5,000 additional pages of documents annually.
  • A dictionary of social movements and organizations.
  • A chronology of U.S. Women's History.
  • Teaching Tools with lesson ideas and document-based questions related to the website's document projects. 

(from the website)

Canadian Women and Social Movements
In October 2009, a special edition for Canadian women was released: Volume 13, Number 2.

Editors for this project included Canadian feminist historians Lara Campbell (Simon Fraser University); Nancy Janovicek (University of Calgary); Tamar Myers (University of British Columbia); and Joan Sangster (Trent University). This issue includes two dedicated document projects on Canadian feminism, one from Trent University faculty members Margaret Hobbs and Susan Wurtele.

This is an Alexander Street database, unique because they provide full text and primary documents. It can be browsed by author, by source, by year, by project, by movement, and chronologically. It also contains a powerful search engine.

Notes: 

This database has been combined with Primary Sources of the Women's Movement. It includes the full text of the documents included.

Coverage: 
1600 - present
Update Frequency: 
Irregularly

Times Digital Archive 1785-1985

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Description: 

Researchers can search through the complete digital edition of The Times (London), using keyword searching and hit-term highlighting to retrieve full facsimile images of either a specific article or a complete page. The entire newspaper is captured, with all articles, advertisements and illustrations/photos divided into categories to facilitate searching.

Notes: 

Results appear as .pdf files.

Coverage: 
1785-1985
Update Frequency: 
Not updated.

Pages

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