Finding Aid:

Search the Archives

Fonds Level Description

Accession Number: 95-024

Title

Professor Kenneth Kidd Native Studies photographic collection. -- 1671-1960. -- ca. 900 photographs.

Biography / History

Professor Kenneth E. Kidd was born July 21, 1906 at Barrie, Ontario the son of D. Ferguson Kidd and Florence May Jebb. He was educated at Victoria College at the University of Toronto , B.A. 1931 and M.A. 1937. He also attended the University of Chicago from 1939 to 1940. He married Martha Ann Maurer in October, 1943. In 1935 he joined the Ethnology Department of the Royal Ontario Museum where he worked until 1981 in various positions, starting as an assistant and ending as Curator of Ethnology. In 1964, Kidd joined Trent University as a professor of Anthropology and in the following year he established and chaired the Native Studies Program. He retired from Trent University in 1972, and in 1973, Professor Kidd was named Professor Emeritus of Anthropology. Throughout his career, Professor Kidd was honoured with many awards. Some of these awards include the Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship, 1951-52; the Cornplanter Medal, 1970; Award for Eminent Service, Trent University, 1983; J.C. Harrington Medal, Society for Historical Archaeology, 1985; and an Honorary Degree from Trent University, 1990. Professor Kenneth E. Kidd died February 26, 1994 , at the age of eighty-eight, at his home in Peterborough Ontario

Custodial History

This collection was created and collected by Professor Kenneth Kidd, and donated to Traill College at Trent University. It was later transferred to the Trent University Archives.

Scope and Content

This collection consists of photographs relating to Natives and their activities, mostly throughout Canada . The photographs portray extensively the lives of Natives who lived in Canada during the 1800's and early 1900's. Most of the photographs are copies of other photographs but several are copies of sketches and paintings done in the late 1600's to the mid 1800's. Each photograph is labelled with a title and a place of origin.

Notes

Title based on the donor and contents of the collection.

Approximately 120 photocopies are included in the photographs.

Some of the photocopies are of very poor quality.

The photographs were donated by Professor Kenneth Kidd. An additional box of photographs was added in 2008. A description of these is located at the end of this Finding Aid.

The collection is no longer in its original order. The photographs have been rearranged for a better understanding of the collection.

Some photograph labels are in French.

Restrictions: Although these photographs are all in the public domain, the originals are in other institutions. They were copied there and then donated to Trent University by Professor Kidd. We will make single copies for research purposes but ask that researchers attempt to locate the originals in the institution which owns them for publication purposes.

Finding aids: Y

This fonds, along with 92-007, 93-011 and 95-009, is an addition to 80-030.

For related records see: 81-007.

See Finding Aid Table of Contents for list of tribe names and place names.

Finding Aid

Note: Several photos in this collection cite the G.M. Douglas Collection as the source. It has been determined that the Collection referred to is the G.M. Douglas Collection of books, housed in Special Collections, Bata Library, Trent University. Lands Forlorn , for example, is found in this location.

Note: Please ignore the numbering system used in the top RIGHT corner of each photo mount. The photos in this collection have been renumbered, and these numbers are found on the top LEFT corner of each mount. Item Ac)2, for example, refers to Series A, c, Photo 2.

Note: When transcribing the photo labels, original spelling and terminology has been maintained even though such terminology may be found to be currently unacceptable.

Table of Contents

Series A: ONTARIO a: Peterborough and area b: Kaministiquia River (also reference to Kakabeka Falls) c: New Brunswick House d: Six Nations / Brantford e: Metagami f: Moose Factory g: Abitibi h: Osnaburgh House i: Lake Superior area j: Flying Post k: Fort Hope l: Kenora (Rat Portage) m: Fort Frances n: Lake Nipigon o: Fort Albany p: Fort William q: Biscotasing r: Lake-of-the-Woods s: Chapleau t: Manitou Rapids u: English River v: Long Lake w: Georgian Bay x: Ontario - miscellaneous locations

Series B: QUEBEC AND LABRADOR (see also Series D) a: Labrador (various locations) b: Ungava / Fort Chimo c: Lake Mistassini d: Caughnawaga e: Rupert House f: Betsiamites g: Chibougamau / Lake Chibougamau h: Mingan i: Quebec and Labrador - miscellaneous locations

Series C: MARITIME PROVINCES (see also Series D) a: Maritime provinces - miscellaneous locations

Series D: MARITIME PROVINCES AND QUEBEC (see also Series B and Series C) a: Micmac native groups (locations not specified) b: Unidentified native groups (locations not specified)

Series E: MANITOBA a: Winnipeg River b: Lake Winnipeg c: St. Peters d: Red River e: Fort Garry f: Fort Pembina (and Fort Daer g: Fort Prince of Wales h: Fort Ellice i: Portage La Prairie j: Norway House k: York Factory l: Fort Churchill m: Oxford House n: Manitoba - miscellaneous locations

Series F: SASKATCHEWAN a: Fort Carlton b: Battleford c: Fort Pitt d: Maple Creek e: Assiniboine River f: Saskatchewan - miscellaneous locations

Series G: ALBERTA a: Athabaska River b: Hay River c: Fort Chip p)ewyan d: Fort Edmonton e: Fort Saskatchewan f: Calgary g: Rocky Mountain House h: Alberta - miscellaneous locations  

Series H: BRITISH COLUMBIA a: Fort Rupert b: Fort St. James c: Fort St. John d: Fort Nelson e: Fort McLeod f: Alert Bay g: Queen Charlotte Islands h: Quatsino Sound i: Bannock Point j: British Columbia - miscellaneous locations; miscellaneous activities k: British Columbia - miscellaneous photocopies of photographs depicting several aspects of Native life in B.C., including art, totem poles, dress, transportation, etc. (several Native groups are represented, such as the Haida, Bella Coola, Kootenai, Tsimshian, Hagwelget, etc.)

Series I: NORTHWEST TERRITORIES (see also Series J) a: Fort Norman b: Dismal Lakes c: Coronation Gulf d: Great Slave Lake e: Northwest Territories - miscellaneous locations; miscellaneous activities

Series J: NORTHWEST TERRITORIES - YUKON AREA (see also Series I) a: Mackenzie River area b: Northwest Territories - Yukon area - miscellaneous locations; miscellaneous activities

Series K: THE UNITED STATES (including Alas a: The United States - miscellaneous

Series L: CODEX CANADENSIS

Series M: C.W. JEFFERYS IMPERIAL OIL COLLECTION  

Series N: NATIVE GROUPS (categorized by Ethnology) a: Northeastern Woodlands: The Iroquois b: Northeastern Woodlands: Algonquins: Cree, Ojibwa, and Saulteaux c: Northeastern Woodlands: Algonquins (all except Cree, Ojibwa, and Saulteaux) d: Northwest Coast and the Plateau e: The Great Plains (all except Cree, Ojibwa and Saulteaux) f: The Arctic (Boreal)  

Series O: FUR TRADE PHOTOS

Series P: ARCHAEOLOGY (miscellaneous)

Series Q: TRANSPORTATION (miscellaneous)

Series R: MISCELLANEOUS

BOX 1

Series A: ONTARIO

Peterborough and area

1 Gravel pit on Max Kidd farm near Lakefield where copper artifacts were found. K.E. Kidd

2 Gravel pit on Max Kidd farm near Lakefield where copper artifacts were found. K.E. Kidd

3 Gravel pit on Max Kidd farm near Lakefield where copper artifacts were found. K.E. Kidd

4 " Rice Lake No.2 - Indian Village ". Public Archives

5 The Indian Village , Chemong. (Wm. Taylor). Archives of the United Church of Canada

6 Indian Family, Chemung Lake Kawartha Lakes , Ont., 1910. Public Archives

Kaministiquia River

1 Ka-ka-be-ka Falls Kaministiquia River - 1859. Toronto Public Libraries

2 Falls of the Kakabeka (Cleft Rock), Kaministiquia River Toronto Public Libraries

3 Fall at the third portage above Kakabeka, Kaministiquia River Toronto Public Libraries

4 Second falls of the Kaministiquia River - portage. Toronto Public Libraries

5 On the Kaministiquia River Toronto Public Libraries

6 Cascades at Couteau Portage, Kaministiquia River thirty miles from its mouth. Toronto Public Libraries

7 Entrance to Little Dog Lake Toronto Public Libraries.

8 Falls at the Little Dog Portage: Kaministiquia R. Concession VI Ware tp: Also called Crooked Rapids: 6 miles from Kaministiquia Station. Toronto Public Libraries

9 South End of Great Dog Portage Toronto Public Libraries.

10 Difficulties of a military portage. Toronto Public Libraries

11 "Poling Up" - Kaministiquia River Toronto Public Libraries

12 Indians near Fort William , camp at the birch tree, between Mackay Mt. and the Kaministiquia R., 2 mi. from the H.B.Co. post. Toronto Public Libraries

13 View of Fort William, looking up the Kaministiquia River Toronto Public Libraries

14 Kakabekka Falls ca. 1955. K.E. Kidd

New Brunswick House

1 New Brunswick House (c.1905). Ontario Archives

2 "Old Betsy" and daughter, New Brunswick House, (c.1905). Ontario Archives

3 Mother and children, New Brunswick House. Ontario Archives

4 At New Brunswick House. Ontario Archives

5 Old Squaw [sic], New Brunswick House (c.1905). Ontario Archives

6 New Brunswick House (c.1905). Ontario Archives

Six Nations/Brantford

1 Brant, Ont. - Scenes on the Six Nation Indian Reservation. The Public Archives of Canada

2 E. Pauline Johnson (photocopy). Alberta Archives

3 Brantford Mohawk Village ) 1793. Toronto Public Libraries

4 Elizabeth Kerr (Brant): Born 1796, youngest daughter of Joseph Brant. Toronto Public Libraries

5 Lacrosse team presumably from Six Nations. Ontario Archives.

6 Six Nations Indians. Ontario Archives

7 Six Nations Indians. Ontario Archives

8 Six Nations men. Ontario Archives

9 Six Nations Indian Council. Ontario Archives

10 Six Nations Onondaga Long House. Ontario Archives.

Metagami

1 Indian and grandson, Metagami ( Spanish River c.1905. Ontario Archives

2 Indian and grandson, - Spanish River Ontario Archives

3 Indian feast, Metagami (c.1905). Ontario Archives

4 Indian feast, Metagami (c.1905). Ontario Archives

5 "En route", Metagami (c.1905). Ontario Archives

Moose Factory

1 Moose Factory: widows housed in shacks behind mission property. c1929-34. Ontario Archives

2 Moose Factory, Ontario , 1880's. G.S.C.

3 Moose Factory. Ontario Archives

4 Willie Moore, H.B.C. blacksmith. Moose Factory c.1929-34. Ontario Archives

5 At Moose Factory. Ontario Archives

6 Wife of chief from Albany and baby. Moose Factory c.1929-34. Ontario Archives

7 H.B.Co., Moose Factory warehouse (c.1905). Ontario Archives

Abitibi

1 Hudson Bay Co. Post - Lake Abitibi Ontario Archives

2 "Three Generations" Abitibi (c.1905). Ontario Archives

3 Three Generations - Abitibi - Cree. (photocopy - see 1g)2)

4 "Old Louis IV", Abitibi River (c.1905). Ontario Archives

5 Louis MacDougall, Abitibi (c.1905). Ontario Archives

6 Louis MacDougall, Abitibi (c.1905). Ontario Archives

7 H.B.C. canoe on Abitibi River (c.1905). Ontario Archives

8 Alligator tug en route to Abitibi (c.1905). Ontario Archives

9 H.B.Co. post: Abitibi (c.1905). Ontario Archives

10 H.B.Co. post: Abitibi (c.1905). Ontario Archives

Osnaburgh House

1 Indians, Osnaburgh House (c.1905). Ontario Archives

2 Indians preparing for a feast, Osnaburgh House (c.1905). Ontario Archives

3 Osnaburgh House. Ontario Archives

4 Indian packers from Osnaburgh House at Sandy Lake G.S.C.

5 Blind Chief Missalog making a speech at Osnaburgh House (c.1905). Ontario Archives

6 Osnaburgh House (c.1905). Ontario Archives

Lake Superior area

1 Pictographs on Lake Superior and Carp River The Public Archives of Canada

2 Tepees, 1877, North Shore of Lake Superior Ontario Archives

3 Indians at Michipicoten, on Lake Superior B.C. Prov. Archives

4 Michipicoten River, H.B.Co. post. G.S.C.

5 Hudson 's Bay Company Post, Michipicoten River Ontario , 1882. G.S.C.

6 Port Arthur Lake Superior Ontario Archives

Flying Post

1 Flying Post (c.1905). Ontario Archives

2 Indians, Flying Post (c.1905). Ontario Archives

3 Indians, Flying Post (c.1905). Ontario Archives

4 Indians and pets, Flying Post (c.1905). Ontario Archives

5 Flying Post - Making the Treaty. Ontario Archives

Fort Hope

1 Chief Monais, Fort Hope Lake Eambamet ) C.1905. Ontario Archives

2 Indians, Fort Hope (c.1905). Ontario Archives

3 Indians, Fort Hope (c.1905). Ontario Archives

4 Groups of Indians - Fort Hope. Ontario Archives

Kenora (Rat Portage

1 Indian Blueberrie Pickers - Kenora. Archives of The United Church of Canada

2 Falls at Rat Portage (Kenora). Toronto Public Libraries

3 "Chippeways dancing the Sioux dance at Rat Portage". Public Archives

Fort Frances

1 Scene on Indian Reserve near Fort Frances ... Archives of The United Church of Canada

2 Typical group of Ojibway Indians at Fort Frances Toronto Public Libraries

3 Hudson Bay Co. , 1818-1901, Lac La Pluie. ( Fort Frances ). Ontario Archives

4 Fort Frances , below Alberton Falls Toronto Public Libraries

5 Falls on the Rainy River, August, 1857. Fort Frances in the distance, est. 1822. Toronto Public Libraries

Lake Nipigon

1 Nipigon House, H.B.Co. post at Lake Nipigon (ca.1891). G.S.C.

2 The last portage from Black Bay Lake Nepigon Freight canoe built to carry up to four tons. Ontario Archives

Fort Albany

1 Hudson Bay House - Fort Albany Ontario Archives

2 Fort Albany Ontario , 1886. G.S.C.

3 Whip sawing, Fort Albany (c.1905). Ontario Archives

Fort William

1 Fort William (Caministigoyan), view from The Observatory. Toronto Public Libraries

2 Sir George Simpson's Canoe, H.B.Co. post, Fort William - 1852 intended date of view. Ontario Archives

Biscotasing

1 Biscotasing (c.1905). Ontario Archives

2 Chief Espaniel - Biscotasing. Ontario Archives

Lake-of-the-Woods

1 Ojibway Burial (Lake-of-the-woods area?). G.S.C.

2 Indian Grave, Lake of the Woods c.1873. Manitoba Archives

3 Chipeewa Indian Graves Public Archives (duplicate of Ar)2)

Chapleau (Note: Perhaps "Chapleau" refers to the Chief's name)

1 Chief Cheesequinini Chapleau (c.1905). Ontario Archives

2 Sketching Chief Cheesequinini Chapleau, (c.1905). Ontario Archives

Manitou Rapids

1 Manitou Rapids c.1955. K.E. Kidd

2 Mound at Manitou Rapids c.1955. K.E. Kidd

English River

1 Ojibwa dance house, English River . G.S.C.

2 Hudson 's Bay House - English River Ontario Archives

3 H.B.C., English River post (c.1905). Ontario Archives

Long Lake

1 "Old Shabojesick" Long Lake (c.1905). Ontario Archives

2 Hudson Bay Co. - Lake Long. Ontario Archives

3 H.B.C. post, Long Lake (c.1905). Ontario Archives

Georgian Bay

1 Indian Camp, George Bay Ontario Archives

2 Indian Camp, Shebeshekong, Georgian Bay , 1909. Ontario Archives

Ontario - miscellaneous locations

1 Wigwams, Nepigan River , 1876. The Kennedy Quarterly

2 Albany River - York boats. Ontario Archives

3 Indian squaws [sic] and camp near Collingwood, c.1865. Ontario Archives

4 Old Indian houses near Angling Lake Duck Mountains Geological Survey of Canada

5 Lac Seul - Hudson 's Bay House. Ontario Archives

6 Rapids, Black Sturgeon River Ontario Archives

7 From south end of Kashabowie portage. G.S.C.

8 Lake Shebandowan, 1876. Toronto Public Libraries

9 New Post, Hudson Bay Co. Ontario Archives

10 Old Fort - Lake Temiskaming Ontario Archives

11 Portaging, Northern Ontario (c.1905). Ontario Archives

12 A missionary station of the Jesuits at Wequamikoong Bay Ontario Archives

13 Family of Shaganasse at Savanna. G.S.C.

14 no title, duplicate of Ax )13. Geological Survey of Canada

15 "Distributing Tobacco", Northern Ontario (c.1905). Ontario Archives

16 Camp on Lac de Mille Lacs. G.S.C.

17 Home of the Red Man, Bruce Mines, 1862. Toronto Public Libraries

18 Indians of the Saugeen Reserve. Ontario Archives

19 Mother and daughter, Fort Matachewan (c.1905). Ontario Archives

20 H.B.C., New Post (c.1905). Ontario Archives

21 H.B.C. house, Lac Seul (c.1905). Ontario Archives

22 Martin Falls, Albany River (c.1905). Ontario Archives  

Series B: QUEBEC AND LABRADOR

1 Ruins of Fort Naskaupi Labrador , 1894. G.S.C.

2 H.B.Co. post at Northeast River Hamilton Inlet Labrador . Photo by A.P. Low, 1892. Geological Survey of Canada

3 Nachvak, Labrador , 1896. G.S.C.

4 H.B.Co. post at George River Labrador , 1896. G.S.C.

5 "The Eskimos of Labrador force their way onto the ships, July 23, 1821 ". Public Archives

6 "A Labrador Eskimo in his canoe, drawn from nature". Public Archives

7 Indian Conjuror in his Vapor Bath , or Medicine Lodge, Labrador . The Kennedy Quarterly

Ungava / Fort Chimo

1 Photo by Maud Watt (Ungava). Ontario Archives

2 Portaging goods on Manitou Portage on the route between Fort Chimo and Fort McKenzie , circa 1927. (photocopy - 2 pages) Credit: G. Webster - HBC

3 Photo by Maud Watt. Ungava 1918. Ontario Archives

4 Photo by Maud Watt: Montagnais Indians at Lake Aswanipi , Ungava, 1918. (see Beaver, June 1943, p.16). Ontario Archives

5 Photo by Maud Watt: Mother MacKenzie (Montagnais Indian) Ungava, 1918. Ontario Archives

6 Photo by Maud Watt: Ungava c.1918, Montagnais Indians (J. Watt centre rear) (see Beaver, June 1943, p.19). Ontario Archives

7 Photo by Maud Watt: Ungava, 1918 (see Beaver, March 1943, p.47). Ontario Archives

8 Group of Eskimos at Fort Chimo , Ungava. G.S.C.

9 Photo by Maud Watt: Nascopie Indians, Fort Chimo c.1918 (see Beaver, Sept. 1939, p.33). Ontario Archives

10 Photo by Maud Watt: Nascopie Indians, Fort Chimo (?). Ontario Archives

11 Photo by Maud Watt: Fort Chimo c.1918 (Maud Watt on rt.) see Beaver, Sept. 1939, p.33. Ontario Archives

12 Photo by Maud Watt. Fort Chimo c.1918. Ontario Archives

13 Photo by Maud Watt. Fort Chimo c.1918. Ontario Archives

Lake Mistassini

1 Hudson 's Bay Company Post, Lake Mistassini Quebec , 1894. G.S.C.

2 Group of Indians on the northwest side of Lake Mistassini . G.S.C.

3 Geological Survey Party on Lake Mistassini Quebec , 1884. G.S.C.

Caughnawaga

1 Chiefs of the Iroquois near Caughnawaga, 1860. Toronto Public Libraries

2 Caughnawaga - Indian castle of the Mohawks (1666/7-1693. Drawn from excavation records)

Rupert House

1 Rupert's House: Dwelling House - rear view. Date of view c.1869. Ontario Archives

2 Rupert House, James Bay Quebec , 1884. Geological Survey of Canada

3 Rupert House, Church. Ontario Archives

4 Photo by Maud Watt: Interior canoe factory, Rupert House. Ontario Archives

Series B: QUEBEC

Betsiamites

1 Betsiamites (Bersimis), Quebec , 1884. G.S.C.

2 Indian wedding, Betsiamites Quebec , 1884. G.S.C.

Chibougamau / Lake Chibougamau

1 Messages in Cree script on cedar splinter & birch bark, Valiquette Narrows . (Eastern Woodlands. Chibougamau Quebec . National Museum of Man. J.B. Maudsley , 1927) (photocopy)

2 Indian Canoe, Lake Chibougamau, Quebec , 1892. G.S.C.

Mingan

1 View of Mingan, looking west. The Kennedy Quarterly

2 Hudson 's Bay post, Mingan, 1861. Toronto Public Libraries

Quebec & Labrador - miscellaneous locations

1 Nasquapee Indian, July 11th. The Kennedy Quarterly

2 The Forks of the Moisie. The Kennedy Quarterly

3 Landing at the Foot of the First Gorge. The Kennedy Quarterly

4 Falls of the Etchemin River . B.C. Prov. Archives

5 Little Chaudiere Falls Ottawa River May 26, 1873 . The Kennedy Quarterly

6 Hudson 's Bay Company Post at Eastmain Quebec 1892. G.S.C.

7 St. Regis Indian Church. Toronto Public Libraries

8 Umiak, or women's boat in Wakeham Bay . G.S.C.  

Series C: MARITIME PROVINCES

Maritime Provinces - miscellaneous locations

1 Mic Mac Indian Camp, Nova Scotia , 1891. G.S.C.

2 Ojibway tents on banks of Red. R., near Middle Settlement, Sept.-Oct. 1858. Manitoba Archives

3 Old Fort Louisbourg, 1910. Geological Survey of Canada

4 Old Fort Louisbourg, 1910. Geological Survey of Canada

5 Micmac Indians waiting to receive L. Lorne in Halifax , 1878. Public Archives

6 Our camp at Seven Islands . The Kennedy Quarterly

7 Mission at Seven Islands , July 11th. The Kennedy Quarterly

8 Grand Falls of the Nameuken River , (at Grand Falls Portage ). Toronto Public Libraries

9 A view of a stage and also of a manner of fishing for, curing and drying cod... (on Eric Moll's map of North America published 1712-1714. Public Archives of Canada  

Series D: MARITIME PROVINCES AND QUEBEC

Micmac native groups (locations not specified)

1 Indian of the Micmac tribe, 1837. Toronto Public Libraries

2 Squaws [sic] of the Micmac Tribe in their camp home. Toronto Public Libraries

3 Moose hunter, Micmac. Toronto Public Libraries

Unidentified native groups (locations not specified)

1 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

2 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

3 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

4 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

5 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

6 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

7 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

8 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

9 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

10 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

11 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

12 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives  

Series E: MANITOBA

Winnipeg River

1 Slave Falls, Winnipeg River Toronto Public Libraries

2 Fort Alexander, at the mouth of the Winnipeg River Toronto Public Libraries

Lake Winnipeg

1 Indian camp at Jackfish River Lake Winnipeg Geological Survey of Canada

2 Jack Fish River, Lake Winnipeg Manitoba , 1884. G.S.C.

3 Indian camp, Dog's Head, Lake Winnipeg , Manitoba 1884. G.S.C.

4 Indian dog feast, Dog's Head, Lake Winnipeg Manitoba , 1884. G.S.C.

St. Peters

1 St. Peters Manitoba , 1880. G.S.C.

2 Chief Henry Prince with his councillors and interpreter ( St. Peters G.S.C.

3 Treaty time, St. Peters Manitoba , 1880. G.S.C.

4 Indian settlement on the Red River , St. Peter's Parish, 25 miles below Fort Garry . Founded 1832. Toronto Public Libraries

Red River

1 "A Red River pastoral. Lullaby baby from the axletree block... ". Public Archives

2 Indian camp at St. Peter's River, Red River settlement, treaty time. G.S.C.

3 Birch bark tents, west bank of Red River , middle settlement. Public Archives

4 Crossing the Plains, Red River to St. Paul , 1910. Ontario Archives

5 Drying rushes for mats - Red River - signed and dated '99. Ontario Archives

6 Group of Indian graves, Red River settlement. Toronto Public Archives

7 Morris Indian Collection: log building, Red River construction. Manitoba Archives

Fort Garry

1 Indian hunter's tent. Scene in the rear of Fort Garry Toronto Public Libraries

2 Old Fort Garry. Geological Survey of Canada

3 Old Fort Garry. G.S.C.

4 Fort Garry. G.S.C.

5 Stone Fort, Sept. 5, 1857 , Red River. [Ft. Garry, Winnipeg

6 Winnipeg The trading post at Fort Garry Public Archives

7 Noted fur storehouse, Lower Fort Garry - built 1831. Toronto Public Libraries

8 Morris Indian Collection: Bastion, lower Fort Garry Manitoba Archives

Fort Pembina (& Fort Daer

1 Fort Pembina 1860, H.B.Co. post. Toronto Public Libraries B Ef)2 Forts Daer and Pembina, 1822. Toronto Public Libraries

Fort Prince of Wales

1 Fort Prince of Wales: North bastion from the west. G.S.C.

2 Fort Prince of Wales, Manitoba , 1880. G.S.C.

Fort Ellice

1 Fort Ellice, Manitoba , 1879. G.S.C.

2 Fort Ellice on the Assiniboine River Geological Survey of Canada

Portage La Prairie

1 H.B.Co. post at Portage La Prairie, 1890. G.S.C.

2 Old Fort of the Hudson 's Bay Company at Portage La Prairie, Manitoba , 1890. G.S.C.

Norway House

1 "Arrival at Norway House on the great Lake Winipesi , Oct. 14, and departure thence Oct. 16, 1821 ". Public Archives

2 Norway House, Manitoba , 1890. G.S.C.

3 Norway House. G.S.C.

4 Norway House, Manitoba , 1880. G.S.C.

5 Norway House. G.S.C.

6 Norway House, Playgreen Lake Nelson River G.S.C.

7 Norway House, on Little Playgreen Lake Toronto Public Libraries

8 Norway House from the Swan River rock. G.S.C.

9 Norway House. Interior of quadrangle. G.S.C.

York Factory

1 York Factory. Toronto Public Libraries

2 York Factory. G.S.C.

3 York Factory. G.S.C.

4 Arrival of the annual supply ship at York Factory, Manitoba , 1880. G.S.C.

Fort Churchill

1 Eskimo hunters outside Hudson 's Bay store, Fort Churchill Man. (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

2 Fort Churchill, with group of Eskimos. G.S.C.

Oxford House

1 Oxford House. G.S.C.

2 Cree Indian camp, Oxford House, Manitoba , 1880. G.S.C.

3 Indians at Oxford House. G.S.C.

4 York boats returning from Oxford House. G.S.C.

5 Haling a york boat over the Robinson portage. G.S.C.

Manitoba - miscellaneous locations

1 Morris Indian Collection ( Manitoba - Morris - Indian guides, in the late 19th century...). Manitoba Archives

2 Wekemouskunk, A Saulteux Chief... Lake St. Martin , Manitoba , 1888. G.S.C.

3 Whiteshell Mosaic 78 Nutimik Lake , 1955. Manitoba Archives

4 Du Brochet Post, Reindeer Lake Manitoba , 1892. G.S.C.

5 Hartman's Trading Post, Waterhen River Manitoba 1889. G.S.C.

6 Fairford House, H.B.Co. post at outlet of Lake Manitoba , established 1856. G.S.C.

7 Lonely Lake The Kennedy Quarterly  

Series F: SASKATCHEWAN

Fort Carlton

1 "Bastion Fort Carlton Aug. 26." Public Archives

2 "Pahonan (Waiting-place Cree) Fort Carlton H.B.Co." Public Archives

Battleford

1 Ugly customers, at Smart's Store, Battleford. Public Archives

2 Crees. In solemn Pow-wow assembled, Battleford. Public Archives

Fort Pitt

1 Fort Pitt, Saskatchewan , 1886. Geological Survey of Canada

2 Fort Pitt, Saskatchewan , 1886. G.S.C.

Maple Creek

1 Metis, Maple Creek Saskatchewan , 1884. G.S.C.

2 Half breed Indians, Maple Creek Sask. Geological Survey of Canada

3 Half-breed Indians, Maple Creek, Sask. G.S.C.

4 Indian, Maple Creek Saskatchewan , 1884. G.S.C.

5 Big Bear's (Cree) Camp Maple Creek, June 6, 1883 G.S.C.

6 Cree Indian, Maple Creek. G.S.C.

7 Big Bear's Camp, Maple Creek Saskatchewan , 1883. G.S.C.

Assiniboine River

1 Saulteux Indians from the upper Assiniboine River 1887. G.S.C.

2 Saulteux Indians from the upper Assiniboine River October 16, 1887 . G.S.C.

Saskatchewan - miscellaneous locations

1 Holy woman leaving her lodge for final ceremony of Blackfoot Sun Dance, ca. 1920's (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

2 Members of the Blackfoot Horn Society perform their dance at the Sun Dance Camp, in the 1920's... (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

3 Four steps in the erection of a sun dance lodge at Long Lake Saskatchewan in 1912... (photocopies of 5 photos). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

4 The ford of the Qu'Appelle River in Fort Qu'Appelle ... (photocopy). Saskatchewan Archives

5 Rama, Sept. 1876, Preparing the evening meal. Toronto Public Archives

6 Chipewyan Indians receiving treaty payment, Portage la Loche Saskatchewan . Glenbow-Alberta Institute

7 Red River cart, Wolf Hills Sask. , Geological Survey of Canada

8 Fond Du Lac Post, Lake Athabasca Saskatchewan 1892. G.S.C.

9 Fort Pelly Saskatchewan , 1887. G.S.C.

10 Assiniboine lodge near Fort Walsh about 1876. Public Archives

11 Plains Cree driving buffalo into a pound near the Elbow of the South Branch of the Saskatchewan River Toronto Public Libraries

12 Piles of buffalo bones #1. Saskatoon . R.O.M.

13 Piles of buffalo bones #2. Saskatoon . R.O.M.

14 Indians, group of Qu'Appelle Crees. Manitoba Archives  

Series G: ALBERTA

Athabaska River

1 Athabaska River, 1911. Indian. (Lands Forlorn, page 36). G.M. Douglas Collection

2 Athabaska River 1911. G.M. Douglas Collection

3 Fort McMurray Athabaska River 1991 ( Lands Forlorn, page 29). G.M. Douglas Collection

4 Indians tracking the H.B.Co.'s fur boats up the rapids on Athabaska River ... Ontario Archives

Hay River

1 Bishop Lucas visits a group of school children at Hay River University of Alberta Archives

2 Bishop Lucas with boys at Hay River University of Alberta Archives

3 Sam Watchapese, Chipewyan Indian, Cold Lake , Alta. Glenbow - Alberta Institute

Fort Chippewyan

1 Chippewyan, H.B.Co. post on Athabasca Lake , 500 miles north of Edmonton Ontario Archives

2 Fort Chipewyan Alberta , 1891. G.S.C.

3 Pierre Mucredi and family, Fort Chippewyan G.S.C.

Fort Edmonton

1 Fort Edmonton 1879. Geological Survey of Canada

2 Fort Edmonton Alberta . 1879. G.S.C.

3 Fort Edmonton , 1886. G.S.C.

Fort Saskatchewan

1 Fort Saskatchewan Alberta , 1879. G.S.C.

2 Fort Saskatchewan , 1879. Geological Survey of Canada

3 Canada 's last cannibal, 1879. G.S.C.

4 Cree cannibal, hanged at Fort Saskatchewan , 1879. National Museum of Man Ottawa (see Ge)3)

Calgary

1 Kenepequoshes, (Son of a Snake) and Kuskita-Au- Musqua, (Black Bear) Cree Indian and Squaw [sic], Calgary . The Public Archives of Canada

2 The beginning of Calgary . Public Archives

3 Fort Calgary Alberta , 1881. G.S.C.

4 Kuskita-au-Musqua (Black Bear) Cree Squaw [sic], Calgary . The Public Archives of Canada

5 Pisquapita (Hair in Knot) Cree Indian, Calgary The Public Archives of Canada

Rocky Mountain House

1 Ruins of Rocky Mountain House, 1886. G.S.C.

2 Ruins of Rocky Mountain House, 1886. G.S.C.

Alberta - miscellaneous locations

1 Cree camp on the prairie, south of Vermilion..., Sept. 1871. Public Archives

2 Blackfoot crossing. Indian pow-wow with Governor- General proceeding in the Plain. The Public Archives of Canada

3 Stalking antelope on the Western Prairie - 1842. B.C. Prov. Archives

4 "Writing-on-Stone" cliffs, Alta. - Close-up of some of the "writing" - 1886. The Public Archives of Canada

5 Fort Dunvegan, Alberta , 1879. G.S.C.

6 Framework of an Ojibway Mide Lodge at Sandy Lake Patricia District , 1955. K.E. Kidd

7 Fort McLeod, Alberta . [see Fort McLeod , B.C., Series H]. G.S.C.

8 Fort Whoop-Up, Alberta , 1881. G.S.C.

9 Photo by Maud Watt. Ontario Archives

10 Valley of Big Plum Creek, Cypress Hills. Geological Survey of Canada

BOX 2

Series H: BRITISH COLUMBIA

Fort Rupert

1 Indian House, Fort Rupert British Columbia , 1885. G.S.C.

2 Indian House, Fort Rupert , B.C. (photocopy of Ha)1). G.S.C.

3 Village of the Kwakiutl Indian tribe at Fort Rupert Vancouver Island , B.C. G.S.C.

Fort St. James

1 Fort St. James British Columbia , 1875. G.S.C.

2 Carrier Indian women at Fort St. James, B.C. (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

Fort St. John

1 Two Beaver Indians at old Fort St. John . c. 1910- 20 (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

2 A group of leading men attending the centenary of Sir George Simpson in 1928 at Fort Saint John B.C. (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

3 Samson, a young Beaver Indian dog runner of Fort St. John , photographed in 1904 or 1905 (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

4 Fort St. John, British Columbia , 1875. G.S.C.

5 Fort St. John, Peace River 1875. G.S.C.

Fort Nelson

1 Setting a lynx snare near Fort Nelson ... B.C.A.

2 A native camp near Fort Nelson , B.C.... B.C.A.

Fort McLeod

1 Fort McLeod, British Columbia , 1879. G.S.C.

2 Dawson 's Party, Fort McLeod British Columbia 1879. G.S.C.

Alert Bay , B.C.

1 Kwakuitl Indian village, Alert Bay , B.C. (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

2 Alert Bay, B.C. Totem poles. Archives of the United Church of Canada

3 Indian scholars, Alert Bay British Columbia 1885. G.S.C.

4 Mission Church, Alert Bay British Columbia , 1885. G.S.C.

Queen Charlotte Islands

1 Tan-oo Indian village, Laskeek Bay Queen Charlotte Islands , B.C., 1878. G.S.C. A Hg)2 Skidgate Indian village, Queen Charlotte Islands B.C., 1878. G.S.C.

Edensaw and Noo-ya Chiefs at Ya-tga and Masset. G.S.C.

4 Kung Indian village, Virago Sound, Queen Charlotte Islands , B.C., 1878. G.S.C.

5 Indian village on Masset Sound, Queen Charlotte Islands , B.C., 1878. G.S.C.

Quatsino Sound

1 Indian women of the Kwakiutl tribe at Koskimo on Quatsino Sound, 1885. G.S.C.

2 An elderly Kwakiutl couple of Quatsino Bay photographed in about 1914... (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

3 Kwakuitl Indian village, Quatsino, Vancouver Island , B.C. ca. 1860's. (photocopy). Glenbow- Alberta Institute

4 Ow-wit, Quatsino chief, wife, son, son's wife & child, Quatsino (photocopy). National Museum of Man

5 The front of a community house at Quatsino... Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

6 Quatsino Indian village, Quatsino Sound. G.S.C.

7 Kiskimo Indian village, Quatsino Sound. G.S.C.

8 Chief Kwa-Hila and a group of men, Koskimo British Columbia , 1885. G.S.C.

Bannock Point

1 Whiteshell mosaics #42, display area, Bannock Point, 1960. Manitoba Archives

2 Whiteshell mosaics #41, display area, Bannock Point, 1960. Manitoba Archives

3 Whiteshell mosaics #40, display area, Bannock Point, 1960. Manitoba Archives

British Columbia - miscellaneous locations; miscellaneous activities

1 Salmon drying, Shuswap, B.C.. Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

2 Indian fishing for Salmon, Fraser River , [ ], B.C. Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

3 Rivers Inlet, B.C. Two typical Indian fishermen c.1930. Archives of the United Church of Canada

4 no title (fishing barrier and two fishermen?). Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

5 Scene fishing - [___uckleset] Harbor. Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

6 Building canoe on beach at [Metlakatla]. Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

7 A community house at Gilford Island . Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

8 Potlatch at Ashcroft, B.C. Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

9 Potlatch - Songhees Indian Reserve. Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

10 Songhees home in new Songhees Reserve Victoria Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

11 Old Indian split cedar board houses. Songees tribe - Esquemalt, B.C. Provincial Archives, Victoria, B.C.

12 The new home of the Songhees (Trunk Road, Craigflower). Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

13 Indians picking hops on Vancouver Island Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

14 Billy[feu] - holding black fox. Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

15 Showing construction of houses. Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

16 Group of Quatsino Indians, Forward Inlet, Vancouver Island . G.S.C.

17 "Group of [Piegan] Indians, B.C. [c.1872]. Public Archives

18 Mending canoes, Hayes River , 1910. G.S.C.

19 Indian village on North Island inside Lucy Island August 24, 1878 . G.S.C.

20 Tan-oo Indian village at Tasheek Bay July 9, 1878 . G.S.C.

21 Indian salmon drying, Spence Bridge , B.C., Geological Survey of Canada

22 Old Nawilte village site at Cape Commerell near the north end of Vancouver Island , 1885. G.S.C.

23 "Hauling up a rapids (Les Dolles de Morts) on the Columbia River ". B.C. Prov. Archives

24 Entrance to Les Dolles from the Columbia River - March 1846. B.C. Prov. Archives

25 Chinook Point - from Cape Disappointment , looking up the Columbia River . B.C. Prov. Archives

26 Indian fishing weir, Nicole River , B.C. Geological Survey of Canada

27 Vancouver Island man and woman - 1848. B.C. Prov. Archives

28 Callicum and Maquilla, chiefs of Nootka Sound Toronto Public Libraries

29 Indian fishing weir at Nicola River , B.C., August 6, 1889 . G.S.C.

30 Fort Fraser, British Columbia , 1876. G.S.C.

31 Fort George, British Columbia , 1876. G.S.C.

32 Port Simpson, British Columbia , 1878. G.S.C.

33 Fort Vancouver Toronto Public Libraries

34 South-West Bastion, Fort Victoria Toronto Public Libraries

35 Tahltan Indians setting out for their hunting Bgrounds, probably about 1900 to 1910... Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

36 A good cache of the Tahltan Indians... Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

37 1909 - Bella Bella, B.C. sawmill. Archives of the United Church of Canada

British Columbia - miscellaneous photocopies of photographs numerous miscellaneous photocopies depicting several aspects of Native life in British Columbia, including art, totem poles, dress, travel, etc. (several Native groups are represented, such as the Haida, Bella Coola, Kootenai, Tsimshian, Hagwelget, etc.) also included in this folder are two pages of notes entitled "Transportation"  

Series I: NORTHWEST TERRITORIES

Fort Norman

1 Mackenzie River Fort Norman 1911. (Lands Forlorn, page 51). G.M. Douglas Collection

2 Mackenzie River , 1912. Indian family birch bark canoe at Fort Norman (Lands Forlorn, page 256). G.M. Douglas Collection

3 Mackenzie River Fort Norman , 1911 (Lands Forlorn, page 49). G.M. Douglas Collection

4 Mackenzie River Fort Norman , 1911 (Lands Forlorn, page 50). G.M. Douglas Collection

5 Skin boat, Fort Norman Mackenzie River , 1912. G.M. Douglas Collection

6 Moose skin canoe of Slavey Indian at Fort Norman, N.W.T. (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

Dismal Lakes

1 Eskimos at Dismal Lakes Spring 1912. (Lands Forlorn , page 223). G.M. Douglas Collection

2 Eskimo near Dismal Lakes Spring 1912 (Lands Forlorn, page 224). G.M. Douglas Collection

3 Eskimos at Dismal Lakes Spring 1912 (Lands Forlorn, page 223). G.M. Douglas Collection

4 Eskimo at Dismal Lakes Spring 1912. (Lands Forlorn, page 220). G.M. Douglas Collection

5 Eskimos at Dismal Lakes Spring 1912. (Lands Forlorn , page 224). G.M. Douglas Collection

6 Eskimos at Dismal Lakes Spring 1912. (Lands Forlorn , page 223). G.M. Douglas Collection

7 Eskimo near Dismal Lakes Spring 1912. G.M. Douglas Collection

8 Eskimo at Dismal Lakes Spring 1912. (Lands Forlorn , page 221). G.M. Douglas Collection

9 Eskimo near Dismal Lakes Spring 1912 (Lands Forlorn, page 221). G.M. Douglas Collection

10 Eskimo at Dismal Lakes Spring 1912 (Lands Forlorn, page 224). G.M. Douglas Collection

11 Esquimeaux at Dismal Lakes Spring 1912 ( Lands Forlorn, page 226). G.M. Douglas Collection

12 Eskimos at Dismal Lakes Spring 1912 (Lands Forlorn, page 225). G.M. Douglas Collection

13 Eskimo Kayak at Dismal Lakes . Autumn 1911 (Lands Forlorn , page ). G.M. Douglas Collection

14 Eskimos at Dismal Lakes (Lands Forlorn, page 224). G.M. Douglas Collection

Coronation Gulf

1 Coronation Gulf Eskimos about three miles from coast. Spring 1912. (Lands Forlorn, p. 209). G.M. Douglas Collection

2 Coronation Gulf Eskimo. Spring 1912. (Lands Forlorn , page 220). G.M. Douglas Collection

3 untitled (photo of same people found in other photos in this )

4 Coronation Gulf Eskimo. Spring 1912 (Lands Forlorn, page 222) John Hornby. G.M. Douglas Collection

5 Coronation Gulf Eskimo. Spring 1912. (Lands Forlorn , page 222). G.M. Douglas Collection

6 Eskimo family near Coronation Gulf . Spring 1912. (Lands Forlorn, page 209). G.M. Douglas Collection

Great Slave Lake

1 Dog-Rib Indians on Great Slave Lake 1900 (photocopy). Alberta Archives

2 Dog Rib Indians landing at Great Slave Lake ... (photocopy). Alberta Archives

3 Dog Rib Indian boys at Great Slave Lake probably photographed about 1900 (photocopy). Alberta Archives

4 Indian woman on shores of Great Slave Lake (photocopy). Alberta Archives

5 The people in this photograph, probably taken about 1900, are described as "well-to-do Indians of Great Slave Lake" (photocopy). Alberta Archives

6 Skin lodges on Great Slave Lake (photocopy). Alberta Archives

7 An Indian camp (Dogrib?) pitched beside the building of Fort Resolution on Great Slave Lake probably about 1900... (photocopy). Alberta Archives

Northwest Territories - miscellaneous locations; miscellaneous activities

1 Mackenzie River , 1912. Family birch bark canoe. (Lands Forlorn, page 256). G.M. Douglas Collection

2 Mackenzie River , 1911. (Lands Forlorn, page 49?). G.M. Douglas Collection

3 untitled (canoes on shoreline, teepee). G.M. Douglas Collection

4 Barren-ground caribou, Carey Lake, N.W.T., 1893

5 Eskimo kayak off Cape Haven

6 "Ojibway Indians crossing the Plains with Dog Teams". (on back "Big Bear Chief of Plains Crees travelling to Fort Carlton N.W.T. , 1878) - signed and dated '97. Ontario Archives

7 A very old woman, probably from the N.W.T. R.C.M.P. Archives

8 A group of fur packers at a camp. [c.1900]. (photocopy). Alberta Archives

9 Fur trader checking newly arrived packs in his warehouse [c.1890-1900]. (photocopy). Alberta Archives

10 Indian packers making a portage somewhere in the N.W.T. about 1890 (photocopy). Alberta Archives 

Series J: NORTHWEST TERRITORIES-YUKON AREA

1 Scaffold burial was sometimes used on the Mackenzie River area to dispose of the dead... (photocopy). Alberta Archives

2 An Athabaskan Indian fishing through the ice... (photocopy). Alberta Archives

3 A Slave Indian lodge, photographed in 191_ on the Mackenzie River ... (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

4. A camp of an unidentified group of Indians on the Mackenzie River , probably photographed about 1900 (photocopy). Alberta Archives

5 An Indian camp on the shore of the Mackenzie River , probably photographed about 1900... (photocopy). Alberta Archives

6 Fort Good Hope, H.B.Co. on the Arctic Circle Mackenzie River Ontario Archives

Northwest Territories-Yukon Area - miscellaneous locations; miscellaneous activities

1 Loading the boats again after making the third portage, Slave River ... (photocopy). Saskatchewan Archives

2 Transporting furs to the trading post... Slave River ... c. 1890-1900 (photocopy). Saskatchewan Archives

3 Group of Indian girls photographed at Fort Simpson in 1925 (photocopy). University of Alberta Archives

4 N.W.T. Ethology. Slave villages (photocopy). National Museum of Man

5 Ox carts loaded with furs at Fort Smith ... (photocopy). Alberta Archives

6 A husky dog train (photocopy). Alberta Archives

7 Tlingit Indian totem poles, Wrangel Alaska , c. 1880's (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

8 Chipewyan camp photographed about 1885... ( photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

9 "An old wife". Mathers? Possibly Chipewyan (photocopy). Alberta Archives

10 Indians packing (photocopy). Alberta Archives

11 Solom McCauley, part Chipewyan and part white... Rabbit River in 1921 (photocopy). Saskatchewan Archives

12 Carrier Indians of Bear Lake Reserve... c.1944 (photocopy). National Museum of Man

13 Two Chilkat chiefs in dancing costumes, Alaska 1895 (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

14 Tahl-tans on their way to the hunting grounds... Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

15 A moose skin boat photographed at Fort Graham ... Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

16 A large dugout canoe... McLead Lake area... c. 1910... Provincial Archives, Victoria , B.C.

17 Explorer's record found on Devon Island bearing date of Aug. 30, 1852 , R. MacCormick, Officer Commanding party. D. MacLaren, Nov. 5, 1955 G.S.C. Note:18 continues this explorer's record)

18 continuation of explorer's record (Jb)17)

19 Port Leopold, Somerset Island . G.S.C.

20 "The Far North" - Fort McPherson on Peels River 2000 miles north of Edmonton Ontario Archives

21 Fort Smith , H.B.Co. post, 200 miles north of Edmonton Ontario Archives

22 "Pow-Wow at Ellice. 13 Aug...". Public Archives

23 Ruins of Eskimo dwellings at mouth of Chesterfield Inlet. G.S.C.

24 Building snowhouses at Cape Fullerton G.S.C.

25 Interior of Eskimo snowhouse at Cape Fullerton G.S.C.

26 Kenipitu belles at Fullerton Pub. in "Cruise of Neptune ". G.S.C.  

Series K: THE UNITED STATES (including Alaska)

The United States - miscellaneous

1 Apache leader, Geronimo. The Kennedy Quarterly

2 In the hands of the Apache. The Kennedy Quarterly

3 Antonio, our Navajo Indian guide to the Mozui village, 1869. The Kennedy Quarterly

4 San Felipe, Pueblo Ind. village on Rio Grande The Kennedy Quarterly

5 San Felipe... The Pow-wow over the new ferry. The Kennedy Quarterly

6 Pueblo village newar Anserro Sierra Madre, New Mexico June 24, 1869 The Kennedy Quarterly

7 Dance ceremony, San Ildefonso Pueblo. The Kennedy Quarterly

8 Mauricio of Taos Pueblo The Kennedy Quarterly

9 Dance ceremony, New Mexico , 1910. The Kennedy Quarterly

10 Pueblo Indian. The Kennedy Quarterly

11 Fort Mojave Arizona Territory, ca. 1865-6. The Kennedy Quarterly

12 Indian weaver, 1914. The Kennedy Quarterly

13 Little Raven, chief of the Arapahoes. The Kennedy Quarterly

14 "Yellow Bear, 2nd chief of the Arapahoes". The Kennedy Quarterly

15 Organist on the Osage Reservation, Southern Kansas . The Kennedy Quarterly

16 "Keokoke, a distinguished Sax Chiff". Signal Corps Photo

17 "The murder of David Tully and family by the Sissatoons, a Sioux tribe. West Point Museum Collections (2 copies)

18 Ghost dancers. The Kennedy Quarterly

19 Augustus Bowles, ca. 1791. The Kennedy Quarterly

20 View of Salt Lake City The Kennedy Quarterly

21 Platte River Colorado , ca. 1845. The Kennedy Quarterly

22 Landscape with Indian village. The Kennedy Quarterly

23 Indian on horseback. The Kennedy Quarterly

24 Indian on horseback, from Buffalo Bill's show. Public Archives

25 An early dinner party near Larrimer's Fork. The Kennedy Quarterly

26 A tumble at the kill. The Kennedy Quarterly

27 Indian or trooper. The Kennedy Quarterly

28 In hot pursuit. The Kennedy Quarterly

29 Fremont and Carson meeting with Indians. The Kennedy Quarterly

30 Horse and rider. The Kennedy Quarterly

31 The runaways. The Kennedy Quarterly

32 White Mountain Reservation, looking southwest. The Kennedy Quarterly

33 Wild horse hunt. The Kennedy Quarterly

34 Indian and pony. The Kennedy Quarterly

35 Buffalo hunt. The Kennedy Quarterly

36 Salmon net fishing above the Cascades - Columbia River B.C. Prov. Archives

37 Above the Cascades - Columbia River Oregon - August, 1845 - Salmon drying. B.C. Prov. Archives

38 Tlingit (?) interior, Alaska The Kennedy Quarterly

39 Interior, Tlingit (?) house, Alaska The Kennedy Quarterly

40 Boats on a rocky shore, Alaska The Kennedy Quarterly

41 Tlingit (?) houses and totem poles. The Kennedy Quarterly

Series L: CODEX CANADENSIS

(a special collection of photos of art (white impressions on black) depicting "l'ethnographie des Sauvages de la Nouvelle-France", c. late 1600's to early 1700's - various aspects of Native life, including dress, transportation, tools, weapons, animals and birds, etc.)

(82 photos numbered L1 through L82) (Note: captions on photos are all in French)  

Series M: C.W. JEFFERYS IMPERIAL OIL COLLECTION

(a special collection of photos of art by C.W. Jefferys depicting various aspects of Native and non-Native life, ie. houses and churches, early building construction methods, furniture and household goods, tools, weapons, early maps showing exploration routes, modes of transportation, fur trading, modes of dress, etc.) 95-024

(54 photos numbered M1 through M54)

BOX 3

Series N: NATIVE GROUPS

Categorized by Ethnology (Note: As location is either unknown or has not been indicated, the photos in this Series have been maintained in their original category as determined by Prof. Kenneth Kidd) (Note: For related photos, see also Series A through J, which correspond to photos arranged by location)

Northeastern Woodlands: The Iroquois

1 Village des sauvages de Canada Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris

2 Curing ceremony. Buffalo Museum of Science

3 Stockaded Iroquois village. Buffalo Museum of Science

4 Pair of wampum arm bands. Musee de l'Homme ( Paris

5 Wampum belts. Musee de l'Homme ( Paris

6 Ceremonial masks. Buffalo Museum of Science

7 Iroquois longhouse. Buffalo Museum of Science

8 The ceremony of the cutting of the false face from the living tree. Buffalo Museum of Science

9 Ceremony of the cutting of the false face from the living tree. Buffalo Museum of Science

10 no title (photo may be related to 8 and 9). Buffalo Museum of Science

11 no title (Natives standing and sitting along a shore, canoe approaching). Buffalo Museum of Science

12 Iroquois temporary camp. Buffalo Museum of Science

Northeastern Woodlands: Algonquins: Cree, Ojibwa, and Saulteaux

1 Pakav of White Fish Lake, Dawson of Battle River, Cree Indian chiefs and Jonas Bigstoney, nephew of Bear's Paw... Ontario Archives

2 Shawundais (Sultry Heat), Rev. John Sundey, Mississauga Indian (1796-1875). Toronto Public Libraries

3 Swampy Cree at Shoal River G.S.C.

4 "A hunter-family of Cree Indians at York Fort, drawn from nature". Public Archives

5 Susan, a Swampy Cree half-breed. Toronto Public Libraries

6 Chief Sayer of the Credit. Toronto Public Libraries

7 Osoop Back Fat. Saltaux Indian

8 "Little Black Bear, daughter of Cree chief..." Public Archives

9 Mrs. Black Missanabie (c.1905). Ontario Archives

10 no title (two men wearing suits standing in front of teepee). Ontario Archives

11 Chippewa chief - "Chief of the Mountain Indians". Ontario Archives

12 "Putting up fish for smoking". Ontario Archives

13 no title (several teepees with houses in background). Ontario Archives

14 Wigwam, an Ojibway half-breed. Toronto Public Libraries

15 Ojibway squaw [sic] with papoose. Toronto Public Libraries

16 no title (several Natives sitting in front of two teepees). Geological Survey of Canada

17 Nartes, traineaux et fleches des Ostiacks. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris

18 "The Fox", chief of the Plains Cree. Toronto Public Libraries

19 Pound Maker - a chief of the Crees. Public Archives

20 Indian taking scalp - Peter Rindisbacher. West Point Museum Collection (2 copies)

21 Fight between two Indians. West Point Museum Collection (2 copies)

22 no title (Natives sitting inside teepee). West Point Museum Collection

23 no title (four Natives standing outside teepee). Ontario Archives

24 no title (close-up of male Native). Ontario Archives

25 Mackinac Island - 1822. Toronto Public Libraries

26 Sunset on Muskota River , with Indians in canoe. The Kennedy Quarterly

Northeastern Woodlands: Algonquins (all except Cree, Ojibwa, and Saulteaux)

1 Canoe in open water, 1875. Ontario Archives

2 Camp at sunset, 1883. The Kennedy Quarterly

3 Jacob Red-Deer - addressing the gentleman 'across the table' ie. His Excellency. Public Archives

4 Mode of Indian burial. Toronto Public Libraries

5 Sugar-making among the Indians in the north. The Public Archives of Canada

6 Xavier Gill, Hudson (sic) Bay, 1906. The Kennedy Quarterly

7 Chief Cote Pt. Pelly. Public Archives  

Northwest Coast and the Plateau

1 Ni-hank-sis-ta, a Koskimo man (Kwakiutl) G.S.C.

2 Konza Indians. B.C. Prov. Archives

The Great Plains (all except Cree, Ojibwa and Saulteaux) -

1 Indian burial ground (Blackfoot). Toronto Public Archives

2 Blackfoot tree burial. Field Museum of Natural History

3 Blackfoot Indian camp, 1883. Public Archives

4 Blackfoot tipi. Field Museum of Natural History

5 Blackfoot menstrual shelter. Field Museum of Natural History

6 Activity during Blackfoot sun dance, 1899. Field Museum of Natural History

7 Activity during Blackfoot sun dance, 1899. Field Museum of Natural History

8 Activity during Blackfoot sun dance, 1899. Field Museum of Natural History

9 Chief Running Wolf and party of Blackfoot Braves. Public Archives

10 Blackfoot Indians. Field Museum of Natural History

11 Blackfoot travois. Field Museum of Natural History

12 Blackfoot hoop and feather game(?). Field Museum of Natural History

13 Sarcee Indian grave. Public Archives

14 Tepees at Buffalo Bill's Show. Public Archives

15 White Cap (Sioux chief) and his counsellor, Little Crow. Public Archives

16 Sioux chief - feathers headdress. Public Archives

17 Stoney Indians. Toronto Public Libraries

18 Assiniboine tipi. Field Museum of Natural History

19 Grave, Sioux Indian. Public Archives

20 Chief Joe Healy and braves. Public Archives

21 Old time Piegan squaw [sic] with travois and papoose. Public Archives

22 The making of a brave - Sun Lodge - August 1894. Public Archives

23 Top of medicine lodge with offering tied to it, ca.1927. Blackfoot sun dance (photocopy). Glenbow- Alberta Institute

24 View of the sun dance campsite on Blackfoot reserve, 1943 (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

25 Making a brave: an Indian sun-dance 1877 (photocopy). Alberta Archives

26 Group watching Medicine Pipe ceremony. Taken at the Blackfoot sun dance (photocopy). Glenbow- Alberta Institute

27 Medicine shield transfer to Raw Eater, Blackfoot Indian, ca. 1920's. Taken on the Blackfoot sun dance camp (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

28 Medicine Shield transfer to Raw Eater, Blackfoot Indian, ca. 1920's. Taken at the Blackfoot sun dance camp (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

29 Prairie Chicken Society at Blackfoot sun dance, ca. 1940's. Taken at Blackfoot Indian sun camp (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

30 Prairie Chicken Society dance at Blackfoot Indian sun dance, ca. 1940's (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

31 "Blackfoot Crazy Dog Society. Wolf Chief, Black Fever, Cunning Crow, Crow Chief, Stab Last, Rabbit Carrier. ca. 1913" (photocopy). Alberta Archives

32 untitled (several Natives in a procession) (photocopy). Alberta Archives

33 untitled (Native with ropes leading from under his arms to a tree) (photocopy). Alberta Archives

34 Blackfoot Brave Dog Society. Wolf Child, Black Fever, Cunning Crow, Crow Chief, Stab Last, Rabbit Carrier, ca. 1913 (photocopy). Alberta Archives

35 untitled (Native with ropes leading from under his arms to a tree) (photocopy). Alberta Archives

36 Three prominent members of the Blackfoot tribe dressed for the sun dance in the early 1920's (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

37 Blackfoot camp of the 1920's... (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

38 Two views of a sundance gathering near Battleford in either 1985 or 1986... (photocopy). RCMP photos

39 Two views of the sundance camp of 1912; probably at Long Lake , Sask. (photocopy). Saskatchewan Archives

40 Blackfoot engaged in sun dance 1920's (photocopy). National Museum of Man

41 Indians, sun dance, 1884. Manitoba Archives

42 Indians, performing a ceremony, c.1900. Manitoba Archives

43 Indians, ceremonial lodge, c.1900. Manitoba Archives

44 The sun dance lodge. Public Archives

45 Activity during Blackfoot sun dance, 1899. Field Museum of Natural History

46 Activity during Blackfoot sun dance, 1899. Field Museum of Natural History

47 Activity during Blackfoot sun dance, 1899. Field Museum of Natural History

48 Activity during Blackfoot sun dance, 1899. Field Museum of Natural History

49 Activity during Blackfoot sun dance, 1899. Field Museum of Natural History

50 Activity during Blackfoot sun dance, 1899. Field Museum of Natural History

51 Activity during Blackfoot sun dance, 1899. Field Museum of Natural History

52 This engraving for an unpublished book, made perhaps in the 1880's, explains clearly the altered way of life for the Blackfoot Indians, after the buffalo had disappeared and the treaty had been signed... (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

53 The immensity of the buffalo herds which grazed on the western Plains and Prairies... 1860 (photocopy). Alberta Archives

54 Sites of an old buffalo jump... (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

55 During the first world war, the Plains Indians, and particularly the Blackfoot and the Crees, gathered immense quantities of buffalo bones from the prairie and sold them to officials... (photocopy). Glenbow-Alberta Institute

56 Pile of buffalo bones waiting to be loaded on freight car, which will move them to Eastern Canada ... (photocopy). Alberta Archives

57 A hold-up on the line, 1860 (photocopy). Alberta Archives

58 The old days - driving buffalo over a cliff (photocopy). Alberta Archives

59 untitled (piles of buffalo bones) (photocopy). Alberta Archives

60 untitled (piles of buffalo bones) (photocopy). Alberta Archives

61 untitled (scattered buffalo bones) (photocopy). Alberta Archives

62 untitled (scattered buffalo bones) (photocopy). Alberta Archives

63 Scouting the herd. The Kennedy Quarterly

64 Buffalo in the prairie. Geological Survey of Canada

65 Buffalo hunting. Toronto Public Archives

66 Buffalo hunting #1. B.C. Prov. Archives

67 Buffalo hunting #2. B.C. Prov. Archives

68 Buffalo hunting #3. B.C. Prov. Archives

The Arctic (Boreal)

1 Members of the Hudson Bay expedition with Eskimos and polar bear skins, 1885. G.S.C.

2 Eskimos on the Neptune , 1884. G.S.C.

3 Interior of snowhouse. G.S.C.

4 Brock - Eskimo sod house. G.S.C.

5 Eskimo children. G.S.C.

6 Eskimo hunters, 1893. G.S.C.

7 Eskimo women. G.S.C.

8 Tattooed Aivillik woman. G.S.C.

9 Objets en dents de Morse sculptes par les habitans du Golfe de Ketzebue. Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris

10 "An Eskimo family, drawn from nature". Public Archives

11 Eskimo family - men, women, children, n.d. (photocopy). University of Alberta Archives.  

BOX 4

Series O: FUR TRADE PHOTOS

1 The first sale of furs at Garraways Coffee-House, London , 1671. H.B.Co. (photocopy). Alberta Archives

2 Furs from the north... ( photocopy). Alberta Archives

3 no title (Cree?, Chipewyan? carrying bundle, 1914?) (photocopy). Saskatchewan Archives

4 Immoyimi, Blackfeet Indian (photocopy). Alberta Archives

5 Indians packing (photocopy). Alberta Archives

6 Indians, fur trading, c.1955. Manitoba Archives

7 An Indian packer with an average load of 200 lb. Ontario Archives

8 untitled ("Indian packer", and woman standing by teepee). Ontario Archives

9 A Hudson Bay Company fur "pack". Public Archives

10 Trade-room, Hudson Bay Company's fort in the plain country. Public Archives  

Series P: ARCHAEOLOGY (miscellaneous)

1 Fragments of cloth and some metal objects. National Museum of Canada

2 A case containing similar material and one very long metal blade. National Museum of Canada

3 A case of metal goods, scrapers, knives and one large axe. National Museum of Canada

4 Large metal artifacts and one large metal axe. National Museum of Canada

5 Metal knives, arrow points, etc. National Museum of Canada

6 A large copper kettle. National Museum of Canada  

Series Q: TRANSPORTATION (miscellaneous)

1 Portaging. The Kennedy Quarterly

2 Prince of Wales canoe, 1860. Toronto Public Libraries

3 Indians crossing a river. The Kennedy Quarterly

4 Making a portage. B.C. Prov. Archives

5 A gentleman travelling in a dog cariole, in Hudson 's Bay with an Indian guide. Toronto Public Libraries

6 Train of Red River carts, 1879. G.S.C.

7 Lunch stop on the prairies, 1887. G.S.C.

8 "Making a portage". B.C. Prov. Archives

9 At the portage. Hudson Bay Company's employees on their annual expedition. Public Archives

10 Canoes battling a whirl pool. The Kennedy Quarterly

Series R: MISCELLANEOUS

1 Trout Fall Portage in the Hudson 's Bay Country. West Point Museum Collections

2 Scene in Indian tent. West Point Museum Collections (2 copies)

3 Chippeway scalp dance. West Point Museum Collections

4 War dance of the Salk and Foxes - Peter Rindisbacher. West Point Museum Collections

5 Torture of a prisoner of war. Public Archives

6 "Drunken frolick amongst the Chippeways and Assinneboins". Signal Corps Photo

7 Map from La Verendrye's voyages. Champlain Society ed.

8 Campement de Mr. de la Barre. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.

9 Wildcat. Ontario Archives

10 Woman sitting on stool / by Paul Kane. Glenbow Foundation Photograph

11 untitled (two men standing beside wagon loaded with numerous dead deer). Province of Ontario Department of Lands & Forests

12 Camp life - 1845-1846. B.C. Prov. Archives

13 untitled (five men and one boy, Native and non- Native, in front of tent). G.S.C.

14 Made beaver token. Public Archives

15 George III Indian medal given to Peter Jones. Ontario Archives

16 Brock - husky dogs. G.S.C.

17 Esclaves qui pleurent le mort. Public Archives

18 The pursuit. The Kennedy Quarterly

19 "Louis". The Kennedy Quarterly

20 Miscellaneous sketches. The Kennedy Quarterly

21 Cage pour Huscanawer les novices. Public Archives

22 Falls of the Wallamette. B.C. Prov. Archives

23 Voyageurs dining at Iashneanuskow Lake The Kennedy Quarterly

Added in 2008:

Additional Peterborough and area Photographs:

1. Chief Dan Whetung, Curve Lake - Photo by Ken Kidd

2. Rice Lake Indian Village No. 2 - LAC

3. Mississauga Indians at Rice Lake, Peterborough Co. - Ontario Archives

4. Mississauga Indians at Rice Lake, Peterborough Co. - Ontario Archives

5. Mississauga Indian and Squaw gathering Wild Rice on Rice Lake - Ontario Archives

6. Mississauga Indians at Rice Lake, Peterborough Co.- Ontario Archives

7. Curve Lake Reserve - photo by Ken Kidd

8. Curve Lake Reserve Indians - photo by Ken Kidd

9. Mississauga Indians at Rice Lake, Peterborough Co. - Ontario Archives

10. Mississauga Squaw Parching Wild Rice by Stirring over an open fire, Sugar Island, Rice Lake - Ontario Archives

11. Drawing, Rama, Sept. 1876 - Toronto Public Libraries

12. Curve Lake Indian in a Canoe - photo by Ken Kidd

Remaining photographs in this box of Chippawa, Saulteux, Eskimaux, Blackfoot. Photographs taken in Canadian West, Louisiana, Rupert's House.

 

Archival Finding Aids

Creating the Library of the Future - Details about our exciting transformation