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Accession Number: 89-001

Title

Canada West and Canada. United Counties of Durham and Northumberland Census. -- Microfilmed 4 Sept. 1969. -- 17 microfilm reels.

Biography / History

Census taking in Canada was divided into enumeration districts which were usually located around cities and counties. The districts were divided into sub-districts which were usually located around towns, townships and city wards. Villages, small towns, parishes and seigneuries were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census and county boundaries did not always coincide since boundaries and town names changed or disappeared. The first census in Canada was undertaken in 1666 by Intendant Jean Talon. Census taking was not required until it was put into the Constitution in 1867. Before 1867 census taking was sketchy and it was not until 1851 that it became established as a way of assessing population and colonial needs for the government. (Taken from: "Census Returns, 1666-1891." Public Archives, Canada, 1987.) In 1792, the United Counties of Northumberland and Durham were officially created in a proclamation made by Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe. The proclamation divided Upper Canada in 19 counties for representation purposes. The United Counties are bounded by Lake Ontario in the south, Hasting County in the east, Ontario County in the west and Peterborough and Victoria Counties in the north. The town line between Hope and Hamilton Townships divide the two counties. Durham County consists of the Townships of Cartwright, Manvers, Cavan, Darlington, Clarke and Hope. Northumberland County consists of South Monaghan, Hamilton, Haldimand, Alnwick, Percy, Cramahe, Seymour, Brighton and Murray Townships. (Taken from: "Illustrated Historical Atlas of Northumberland and Durham Counties, Ontario." Belleville: Mika Silk Screening Limited, 1972.)

Custodial History

The microfilm was purchased from the Pubic Archives of Canada.

Scope and Content

These census consists of microfilm copies of the Public Archives of Canada decennial and nominal census for Northumberland and Durham Counties from 1851, 1861 and 1871. Genealogical resource.

Notes

Title based on content of microfilms.

The microfilm was purchased from the Public Archives of Canada.

Originals are located at the Public Archives of Canada.

Restrictions: N

Finding aids: Y

Microfilm set 44.

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