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Accession Number: 83-007

Title

Canada. Census. -- Microfilmed [ca. 1983]. -- 5 microfilm reels.

Biography / History

In 1792, the United Counties of Northumberland and Durham were officially created in a proclamation made by Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe. The proclamation divided Upper Canada into 19 Counties for representation purposes. The United Counties are bounded by Lake Ontario in the south, Hasting County in the east, Ontario County in the west and Peterborough and Victoria Counties in the north. The town line between Hope and Hamilton Townships divide the two counties. Durham County consists of the Townships of Cartwright, Manvers, Cavan, Darlington, Clarke and Hope. Northumberland County consists of South Monaghan, Hamilton, Haldimand, Alnwick, Percy, Cramahe, Seymour, Brighton and Murray Townships. (Taken from: "Illustrated Historical Atlas of Northumberland and Durham Counties, Ontario." Belleville: Mika Silk Screening Limited, 1972.) The land which is now Peterborough County was originally part of Newcastle District before 1841, and the Colbourne District until 1850, the year when districts were replaced by counties in Upper Canada. At this time the United Counties of Peterborough and Victoria was created. In 1861, Victoria County was given independence from Peterborough. Peterbourgh County is made up of the following townships: Galway, Cavendish, Anstruther, Chandos, Harvey, Burleigh, Methuen, Ennismore, Smith, Douro, Dummer, Belmont, North Monaghan, Otonabee, and Asphodel. (taken from "Illustrated Historical Atlas of Peterborough County 1825-1875." Peterborough: The Peterborough Historical Atlas Foundation Inc., 1975.) Victoria County, formally established in 1860, is comprised of the Townships of Bexley, Carden, Dalton, Eldon, Emily, Fenelon, Laxton, Digby, Longford, Manvers, Mariposa, Ops, Somerville, and Verulam. The town of Lindsay in Ops Township is the county seat. The County is bordered in the north by the Muskoka District, in the east by Haliburton and Peterborough Counties, in the south by Lake Scugog and the Regional Municipality of Durham, and in the west by Durham and Simcoe Counties. It is 2,169 km square in area. The land in Victoria County was first opened for settlement in 1821 and the first settlers were mainly Irish, both Protestant and Catholic, and Scottish Presbyterians. By 1880, lumbering was firmly established as the main industry in the county. Quickly the region was stripped of its forests, and it was not until the 1920's that an interest in reforestation developed. Today, Victoria County is a prime grain producing region. As well, chemical industries and tourism make up the present day economic picture of the county. (Taken from: Mika, Nick and Helma. "Places in Ontario, Part III." Belleville: Mika Publishing Company, 1983.) Hastings County was proclaimed the 11th county of Upper Canada in 1792. The second largest county in Ontario, it includes nineteen municipal townships: Bangor, Wicklow and McClure, Carlow, Dungannon, Elzevir and Grimsthorpe, Faraday, Hershal, Hungerford, Huntingdon, Limerick, Madoc, Marmora and Lake, Mayo; Monteagle, Rawdon, Sidney, Thurlow, Tudor and Cashel, Tyendinaga, and Wollaston. Hastings was named after a military leader who had fought in the American Revolution, Francis Rawdon-Hastings (1754-1826). His family name was taken from the town of Hastings in Sussex, England. Until 1849 Hastings County was called the Victoria District. This was changed at that time by the Baldwin Act which replaced district councils with county councils. The first major industry in Hastings County was agriculture, and this was well-established by 1860, with Belleville having the largest saw mills west of Ottawa. Around this time, mining became an important attraction for new settlers, with the extraction of gold at Eldorado, Deloro, Gilmour, and Cordova. Once the Grand Trunk Railway began making stops in Belleville in 1856, the economy of the county improved immensely. Today tourism, lumbering and mining are the major industries of the county. (Taken from: Mika, Nick and Helma. "Places on Ontario, Part II." Belleville: Mika Publishing Company, 1981.)

Custodial History

This microfilm was purchased from the National Archives of Canada.

Scope and Content

This fonds consists of five microfilm reels of the decennial nominal census, of 1881, of Peterborough, Victoria, Hastings, Durham and Northumberland Counties. This collection includes the census of the towns, villages, and townships of Hastings County (north) and are listed as follows: Marmora Lake, Wollaston, Monteagle, Hershel, Wicklow, McClure, Bangor, Mayo, Carlo, Grimsthorpe, Elzevir, Dungannon, Faraday, Cashel, Limerick, Tudor, Sabine, Airey, Lyell, Murchison and Robinson; also Northumberland County (east), including Cramahe, Colborne (village), Brighton, Brighton (village), Murray, Percy, Seymour, Campbellford (village) and Hastings (village). Included also is Northumberland County (west) encompassing Alnwick, Haldimand, Hamilton, and Cobourg (town); and Peterborough County (east), which includes Ashburnham (village), Norwood (village), Burleigh, Anstruther, Chandos, Harvey, Galway, Cavendish, Belmont, Methuen, Hastings (village), Asphodel, Stanhope, Sherborne, McClintock, Dudley, Dysart, Harcourt, Snowden, Glamorgan, Monmouth, Cardiff, Minden, Douro, Otonabee, and Dummer. Also included is Peterborough County (west), encompassing Peterborough (town), Smith, Monaghan (north), Monaghan (south), and Ennismore; also Durham County (east), which includes Hope, Port Hope (town), Cavan, Manvers, Millbrook (village); also Durham County (west), which includes Darlington, Newcastle (village), Clarke, Cartwright, and Bowmanville (town); also Victoria County (south), which includes Ops, Lindsay (town), Mariposa, Emily, Verulam, Omemee (village), and Bobcaygeon (village); also Victoria County (north), which includes Eldon, Fenelon, Fenelon Falls (village), Carden, Dalton, Bexley, Somerville, Digby, Laxton, Longford, Lutterworth, Hindon, and Anson; also Muskoka, which includes Morrison, Gravenhurst (village), Muskoka, Wood, Medora, Monk, Cardwell, Watt, Conger, Humphrey, Oakley, Ryde, Draper, Bracebridge (village), Macauly, Brunel, Stephenson, Ridout, McLean, Sinclair, Franklin, Proudfoot, Chaffey, Bethune, Perry, McDougall, Cowper, and Foley. Genealogical resource.

Notes

Title based on the contents of the fonds.

This microfilm was purchased from the National Archives of Canada.

Originals located at the National Archives of Canada.

Restrictions: N

Finding aids: Y

Associated material located at the National Archives of Canada.

For related records see: 77-028, 77-029, 77-030, 80-001, 80-002, 83-007, 86-026, 89-001, and 93-024.

Microfilm. Set 38.

Finding Aid

1881 CensusReel 1 (P.A.C. film #C-13239):

Hastings (North), & Northumberland (East) & (West)

Hastings (North)

Marmora Lake

Wollaston

Monteagle

Hershel

Wicklow

McClure

Bangor

Mayo

Carlo

Grimsthorpe

Elzevir

Dungannon

Faraday

Cashel

Limerick

Tudor

Sabine

Airey

Lyell

Murchison

Robinson

Northumberland (East)

Cramahe

Colborne (Village)

Brighton

Brighton (Village)

Murray

Percy

Seymour

Campbellford (Village)

Hastings (Village) (See also Peterborough (East))

Northumberland (West)

Alnwick

Reel 2 (P.A.C. film #C-13240):

Northumberland (West), Peterborough (East)

Northumberland (West)

Haldimand

Hamilton

Cobourg (Town)

Peterborough (East)

Ashburnham (Village)

Norwood (Village)

Burleigh

Anstruther

Chandos

Harvey

Galway

Cavendish

Belmont

Methuen

Hastings (Village)

Asphodel

Stanhope

Sherborne

McClintock

Dudley

Dysart

Harcourt

Snowden

Glamorgan

Monmouth

Cardiff

Minden

Douro

Otonabee

Reel 3 (P.A.C. film #C-13241):

Peterborough (East) & (West), & Durham (East)

Peterborough (East)

Otonabee

Dummer

Peterborough (West)

Peterborough (Town)

Smith

Monahan (North)

Monahan (South)

Ennismore

Durham (East)

Hope

Port Hope (Town)

Cavan

Manvers

Millbrook (Village)

Reel 4 (P.A.C. film #C-13242):

Durham (West), Victoria (South)

Durham (West)

Darlington

Newcastle (Village)

Clarke

Cartwright

Bowmanville (Town)

Victoria (South)

Ops

Lindsay (Town)

Mariposa

Emily

Reel 5 (P.A.C. film #C-13243):

Victoria (South) & (North), Muskoka

Victoria (South)

Verulam

Omemee (Village)

Bobcaygeon (Village)

Victoria (North)

Eldon

Fenelon

Fenelon Falls (Village)

Carden

Dalton

Bexley

Somerville

Digby

Laxton

Longford

Lutterworth

Hindon

Anson

Muskoka

Morrison

Gravenhurst (Village)

Muskoka

Wood

Medora

Monk

Cardwell

Watt

Conger

Humphrey

Oakley

Ryde

Draper

Bracebridge (Village)

Macauly

Brunel

Stephenson

Ridout

McLean

Sinclair

Franklin

Proudfoot

Chaffey

Bethune

Perry

McDougall

Cowper

Foley

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