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Accession Number: 77-038

Title

Sir Robert Peel fonds. -- Microfilmed [ca. 1976]. -- 6 microfilm reels.

BIOGRAPHY / HISTORY

Sir Robert Peel was born February 5, 1788, the eldest son of (Sir) Robert Peel and Ellen Yates. In 1805, he entered Christ Church, Oxford, where he studied classics and mathematics. Upon completing his degree, his father bought him the seat of Cashel in Tipperary, and at the age of twenty-one, Sir Robert Peel entered the House of Commons. In 1810, Peel was made the Under-Secretary for War and Colonies, and in 1812, he accepted the post of chief secretary to Ireland, a post he held for six years. From 1818 to 1822, Peel remained in the House of Commons, but as a private member. In 1820, he married Julia Floyd, daughter of Sir John Floyd, and they had two daughters and five sons. In January, 1822, Peel rejoined Lord Liverpool's government until 1827, when Lord Liverpool died and Peel resigned from the House due to political differences with Liverpool's successor, Lord Canning. On August 8, 1828, Canning died and Sir Robert Peel ventured back into the political arena. One of Peel's most notable successes occurred in 1829, when three bills written by him were successfully passed into law. The bills dealt with the suppression of the Catholic Association, Catholic emancipation, and the regulation of franchise in Ireland. On May 3, 1830, upon the death of his father, Robert Peel succeeded to the baronetcy. In 1834, Peel was assigned the double office of First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer. He retired from office on June 29, 1846. Sir Robert Peel died on July 2, 1850 after a fall from his horse four days earlier. Peel's most notable achievements include the revision of the British penal laws, the creation of a sound financial system, the incorporation of free trade, and the establishment of a metropolitan police force. (Taken from: "Dictionary of National Biography." Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1959-1960.)

CUSTODIAL HISTORY

The microfilms were purchased by the Trent University Archives from the Royal Library, Windsor Castle, Bershire, U.K.

SCOPE AND CONTENT

This fonds consists of six microfilm reels of the correspondence of Sir Robert Peel, 1841-1846, Prime Minister of Great Britain. It includes the Prime Minister's letters, policy, change of government, ministerial crisis and Irish policy.

Notes


Title based on the contents of the fonds.
The microfilm was purchased from the Royal Library, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, U.K.
The originals are located at Windsor Castle, Berkshire, U.K.
Restrictions: Permission to quote, reproduce or publish contents must be secured from the Librarian, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, U.K.

Microfilm. Set 27.

Finding Aid

Reel No. 1:
Vol. A11: Prime Minister's letters, Sir Robert Peel, 1841
Vol. A12: Prime Minister's letters, 1842
Vol. A13 (#1-50): Prime Minister's letters, 15 August 1842 - 11 January 1843

Reel No. 2:
Vol. A13 (#51-end): Prime Minister's letters, Sir Robert Peel, 11 January 1843 - 28 February 1843
Vol. A14: Prime Minister's letters, 1 March 1843 - 21 June 1843
Vol. A15: Prime Minister's letters, 23 June 1843 - 19 December 1843
Vol. A16: Prime Minister's letters, 2 January 1844 - 5 July 1844

Reel No. 3:
Vol. A16: Prime Minister's letters, Sir Robert Peel, 9 July 1844 - 21 December 1844
Vol. A17: Prime Minister's Letters, 1845
Vol. A18: Prime Minister's Letters, 7 January 1846 - 3 July 1846

Reel No. 4:
Vol. C23: Sir Robert Peel's Policy and Change of Government, 12 January 1846 - 14 March 1846
Vol. C24: Sir Robert Peel's Policy and Change of Government, 14 March 1846 - 28 June 1846
Vol. C25: Sir Robert Peel's Policy and Change of Government, 28 June 1846 - 16 August 1846

Reel No. 5:
Vol. C44: Ministerial Crisis, November - December 1845
Vol. D14: Irish Policy, 1844-1845

Reel No. 6:
Vol. D15: Irish Policy, 1846

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