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Fonds Level Description

Accession Number: 08-022

Title

Harley R. Cummings fonds. Additions. -- 1869-1963. -- 15 photographs : 13 negatives. -- 19 cm of textual records.

Biography / History

Harley Richard Cummings was born in 1909 in Bond Head, Ontario, the son of Dr. James A. and Mildred Cummings. In 1933, after obtaining an Honours BA from the University of Toronto and graduating from the Ontario College of Education, he began teaching at the Boys' Vocational School and the Glashan Intermediate School and York Street School in Ottawa. In 1942, he was a volunteer education officer with the Royal Canadian Air Force and later became a flight lieutenant. At the conclusion of World War II, Cummings returned to Ottawa and, over the next twenty years, was school principal at a number of schools. Of significant importance is Cummings' book, Early Days in Haliburton, which he wrote in 1962. It includes an introduction by Ontario Premier Leslie Frost. Cummings married Shirley Stotesbury in 1964. He died at the age of 90 on May 10, 1999.

Scope and Content

Fonds consists of Harley Cummings' research material for Early Days in Haliburton, published in 1963. Included are original wage lists, letters, receipts, accounting records, and agreements of the Ottawa logging company, Bronsons and Weston, with several documents relating to their York Branch operation. Documents relating to business transactions with the Boyd lumbering company of Bobcaygeon, and with individuals along the Peterson Road and Bobcaygeon Road who provided supplies and lodging for the workers comprise a part of the holdings. Mentioned are the Egan Farm in Dungannon Township, Hastings County, and the Bruton Farm on the Peterson Road in Haliburton County. There are references, too, to the operation of cadges between locations (commercial carriers which transported supplies by horses and sleigh/buggy). Also included are copy maps; photographs; notes; handwritten transcriptions of diaries of Alexander Niven and of Mrs. C.R. Stewart; and photographs of Lillian de Grassi Boyd, the Blomfield [Blumfield] family of Lakefield, and the Strickland homestead in Lakefield.

Notes

Custodial History:
Fonds was in the custody of Mrs. Shirley Cummings before it was donated to Trent University Archives.

Condition:
The Bronsons and Weston documents located in Box 1 are moldy.

Immediate Source:
Fonds acquired in 2008 from Mrs. Shirley Cummings.

Restrictions:
N

Accruals:
This fonds along with 01-009, 02-009, and 04-006 is an addition to 00-001.

The Bronsons and Weston documents (1869-1885) which are located in Box 1 contain mould. Although each document is encapsulated in mylar, some multi-page documents need to be removed from the mylar in order to turn the pages. Researchers are requested to wear masks and gloves.

Outsized materials are located in the Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 52.

Finding Aid

Box 1

Bronsons & Weston wage lists, letters, receipts, accounting records, and agreements (items are sorted chronologically)

Folder
1. 1869-1872
2. 1873-1875
3. 1876
4. 1877
5. 1878
6. 1879
7. 1880
8. 1881
9. 1882
10. 1883-1885
11. 1876-1880 notations relating to timber licenses
12. undated documents; envelopes

Box 2

Folders 1-7 include Early Days in Haliburton publication material and copied research material

1. Copy photographs (11); negatives (13)
2. Time books, etc. (copies)
3. Maps (copies)
4. Book production material
5. Diary (1865-1866) of Mrs. C.R. Stewart (handwritten transcription only)
6. Diary (1869) of land surveyor Alexander Niven (1836-1911) (handwritten transcription only); also notes re an 1884 Niven diary
7. Research notes

8. Original photograph of the Blomfield [Blumfield] family, Lakefield, n.d.; copy photograph of the Strickland homestead, Lakefield, n.d.
Note: An accompanying letter dated 1963 from Frances Douglas, Lakefield, to Harley Cummings indicates that the Blomfield house depicted in the photograph had once been situated near the Strickland house but had burnt prior to 1900; a notation on the back of the Strickland photograph indicates that the Strickland house burnt in approximately 1912)
Also included is a 1950 newspaper article re the Strickland family

9. Original photograph of Lillian de Grassi Boyd (1858-1942), n.d., wife of Mossom Martin Boyd Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 52:

Broadside: Wood Working Machinery, Josiah Ross, Buffalo, N.Y. - depicts several pieces of machinery with detailed explanations, ca. 1870s

Broadside: A Wonderful Book Store: Leary's Book Store, Philadelphia, Pa., n.d.

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