Archives: Subject Guides. Northern Studies

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The Archives holds a number of collections with a particular focus on the North: it's exploration, indigenous populations, and sovereignty. Of special interest are the Trevor Lloyd Papers and the Robert Hunter Papers (described below). Librarian Janice Millard has created an important bibliography of rare books which Trent holds in our Special Collections section. A link to this bibliography is provided. Scroll through this bibliography to find interesting, rare, or sometimes even unique titles in our excellent library of northern literature. Alternatively, use the .pdf browser to find specific references.


TITLE: Association of Canadian Universities For Northern Studies

Accession Number: 87-009
Description: This fonds consists of correspondence, conference manuals and minutes of the Association of Canadian Universities for Northern Studies.
Inclusive Dates: 1978-1983
Extent: 30.5 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Roger Buxton photographic slide collection

Accession Number: 15-010
Description: Collection is comprised of approximately 4200 slides of photographs pertaining primarily to the Canadian and Greenland Arctic. The photographs were taken during the 1970s to 1990s by Roger Buxton and are identified and dated. Also included are aerial views of Trent University (14 September 1985), photographs of the aftermath of the Barrie, Ontario tornado (31 May 1985), and photographs of family and scenic landscapes.
Extent: .6 m of slides
Restrictions: Copies are permitted for private research purposes. For publishing purposes, permission from the donor is required.


TITLE: Edward C. Caddy fonds. Additions

Accession Number: 95-1006
Description: This addition to the fonds consists of pencil sketches, in a book, of scenes along the Dawson Road such as Lake Shebandowan, Kettle Falls and Rainy River from a camp at Fort Francis.
Inclusive Dates: [ca. 1872]
Extent: 1 sketchbook
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Canada. Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Records: Black Series fonds

Accession Number: 84-002
Description: This fonds consists of a microfilm series known as "Black Series" headquarters files from 1872 to 1950.
Inclusive Dates: Microfilmed Mar. 1978
Extent: 103 reels of microfilm; 12 microfiche
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Canada. Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Records. Red Series fonds

Accession Number: 84-017
Description: This fonds consists of microfilmed records from the eastern Ontario Indian Affairs office known as the "Red Series".
Inclusive Dates: Microfilmed 18 Feb. 1977
Extent: 94 reels
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Canadian Association in Support of Native Peoples fonds. Additions

Accession Number: 77-018
Description: This addition to the fonds consists of the records of the Canadian Association in Support of Native Peoples arranged in five series : National Office, Toronto 1959-1973; Library and Information Centre 1972-1975; Western Regional Office, Edmonton, 1966-1972; Northwest Territories Regional Office, Yellowknife, 1967-1970; Ontario Native Development Fund, 1968-1971. The fonds includes correspondence, reports, minutes, financial statements, memorandum, and photographs.
Inclusive Dates: 1959-1975
Extent: 11 m
Restrictions: N


TITLE: George Mellis Douglas fonds

Accession Number: 79-002
Description: This fonds consists of: correspondence with Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Clifford Wilson and other people relating to Arctic explorations; several photographs including some of the construction of the Peterborough Lift Lock and of downtown Peterborough, Ontario circa 1900; and newspaper clippings of book reviews.
Inclusive Dates: 1928-1957
Extent: 6 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Honourable T.C. Douglas documents

Accession Number: 97-1036
Description: These documents consist of two stapled mimeographed books. The first, dated March 1946 and entitled "The Union of Saskatchewan Indians: The Record of the Establishment of Indian Unity in Saskatchewan" records the minutes of meetings held in Regina, Duck Lake and Saskatoon, and provides names of the Constitution Committee. It also contains reprints of Treaties No.3 and 4. The second book, dated July 1946 and entitled "The Treaties Between Her Majesty, Queen Victoria and The Indians of British North America" contains reprints of Treaties No. 3,4,5,6,7, and 8.
Inclusive Dates: 1946
Extent: 2 items
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Eccles collection

Accession Number: 83-013
Description: This collection consists of 18 volumes of photocopied documents relating to Indian-white land relations in North America. Used as court evidence in the Bear Island (Temagami) court case. Divided into 13 categories as follows: Documents relating to: 1. New France 1540-1763; 2. B.N.A. until 1763; 3. Evolution of Proclamation 1763; 4&5. Early application 1763; 6. Native title 1763-1774; 7. Native title 1774-1791 (Quebec); 8. Native title 1791-1840 (U.C.); 9. Native title 1840-1866 (C.W.); 10. Native title Ontario 1867-1979; 11&12. Records of European Traders; 13. Non-surrender of N. Daki-Inenan.
Inclusive Dates: Photocopied [between 1963 and 1983]
Extent: 80 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Frobisher Bay employment survey

Accession Number: 05-1010
Description: Item is a survey dated 1 January 1966 of males employed at Frobisher Bay. The organization that conducted the survey is not identified.
Inclusive Dates: 1966
Extent: 1 item
Restrictions: Some restrictions do apply.


TITLE: S. R. (Sandy) Gage fonds

Accession number: 08-018
Description: Research materials, photographs, slides relating to the publication of "A Walk on the Canol Road" by S.R. Gage.
Inclusive Dates: 1988-1990
Extent: 20 cm of textual records; 90 slides; 55 photographs
Restrictions: Material may not be reproduced. Copyright remains with creator of the fonds.


TITLE: S. R. (Sandy) Gage fonds. Additions

Accession number: 11-011
Description: Addition to the fonds consists of maps and project plans for various Ontario Provincial Parks. S. R. Gage was not involved in writing the plans, but made notes and annotations throughout.
Inclusive Dates: 1986-1994
Extent: 5 cm of textual records
Restrictions: Copyright restrictions apply.


TITLE: Gavin Henderson fonds

Accession Number: 93-012
Description: This fonds consists of correspondence and reports relating to the National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada as well as the personal papers of Gavin Henderson. There are records on conservation, Quetico Park, the Niagara area such as the American Falls and information on Banff and Jasper National Parks. Included in the fonds is the thesis of George Warecki entitled "Protecting Ontario's Wilderness: A History of Wilderness Conservation in Ontario." Also included in the fonds are various publications on wilderness, outdoor recreation, conservation and naturalist activities. There are also four scrapbooks which contain clippings regarding conservation, parks and the 1972 winter olympics.
Inclusive Dates: 1887-1991
Extent: 1.5 feet
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Gavin Henderson fonds. Additions

Accession Number: 96-012
Description: This addition to the fonds consists of correspondence between Gavin Henderson and Professor George Warecki; Harvey Locke when President of Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society; and, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. The fonds also contain the program and letters of congratulation regarding Gavin's Order of Canada which was conferred in 1993. Records pertaining to the St. Lawrence Islands National Parks and the Thousand Islands Heritage area, early minutes of the Conservation Council of Ontario (1951-1955), brochures published by the Council as well as articles by Gavin Henderson are also included in the fonds.
Inclusive Dates: 1951-1996
Extent: 5 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Hudson's Bay Company journal

Accession Number: 95-1003
Description: This item is a journal of events kept by the Post Manager at Eastmain, Outfit 260, James Bay District of the Hudson's Bay Company. His instructions were to record weather conditions, temperatures, activities of Inuit and Native fur trade, animal and bird migration patterns, supply ship and passenger activity, mail arrivals and news of Revillon Freres at an adjoining post.
Inclusive Dates: 27 July 1929-4 Aug. 1930
Extent: 1 volume
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Robert Lloyd Hunter fonds

Accession Number: 87-001
Description: This fonds consists of petitions, proclamations, printed acts, correspondence relating to British North America, Hudson's Bay Company, and the governance of British North America by the British crown. There are records relating to the Red River Settlement, the British Columbia Act and Oregon Territory. Many early maps are included in the fonds.
Inclusive Dates: 1556-1881
Extent: 30.5 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Robert Lloyd Hunter fonds. Additions

Accession Number: 99-004
Description: This fonds consists of printed Acts of the Government of Canada; guides and pamphlets of the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Grand Trunk Railway; and early maps, plans, and promotional brochures of locations throughout Canada.
Inclusive Dates: 1775-1976
Extent: 30 cm & one map folder
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Indian Crafts Foundation of Ontario fonds

Accession Number: 91-010
Description: This fonds provides a full view of the history of a well-intentioned but short-lived organization involving native peoples, government and the commercial world. It consists of early plans, minutes and correspondence of the board of directors, the development of a constitution and bylaws, correspondence with government and native groups, craft training experience, inventory and accounting processes.
Inclusive Dates: 1968-1973
Extent: 81 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Walter Kenyon fonds

Accession Number: 97-1001
Description: This fonds consists of two binders enclosing the typescript of a narrative called "Rivers of Ice, the Voyage of Captain George Tyson." When the safety of the ship is threatened by being crushed in the ice, a contingent take refuge on a large ice floe. The narrative follows their vicissitudes and ultimate rescue.
Inclusive Dates: [19-]
Extent: 5 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Professor Kenneth E. Kidd fonds. Additions

Accession Number: 93-011
Description: This addition to the fonds consists of correspondence, research notes, newspaper clippings, art catalogues, manuscripts relating to Paul Kane; anthropological research, Irish literary personalities, native art, culture and artifacts, cutlery and trade beads. Also included are personal records of Professor Kidd and his career at the Royal Ontario Museum and Trent University.
Inclusive Dates: 1935-1991
Extent: 10 m
Restrictions: Diaries closed (Boxes 9, 10 and 11). Research materials and Trent University materials open.


TITLE: Professor Kenneth Kidd Native Studies photographic collection

Accession Number: 95-024
Description: This collection consists of photographs relating to Natives and their activities, mostly throughout Canada. The photographs portray extensively the lives of Natives who lived in Canada during the 1800's and early 1900's. Most of the photographs are copies of other photographs but several are copies of sketches and paintings done in the late 1600's to the mid 1800's. Each photograph is labelled with a title and a place of origin.
Inclusive Dates: 1671-1960
Extent: 79 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Professor Kenneth E. Kidd fonds. Additions

Accession Number: 05-014
Description: Fonds consists of notes, manuscripts, papers and articles by Professor Kenneth Kidd; research materials in the form of photographs, maps, and copies of articles and diaries; family correspondence; genealogical information relating to the Kidd and Jebb families, and 2 numbered Fred Saggashi prints.
Inclusive Dates: 1930-1992
Extent: 80 cm of textual records; 22 computer disks; ca. 130 photographs
Restrictions: The photographs relating to native peoples in Box 2 are copy photographs and are available for research purposes only; researchers wishing to have copies made must request them from the repositories that house the original photographs.


TITLE: Trevor Lloyd fonds

Accession Number: 87-014
Description: This fonds consists of papers and records forwarded by Trevor Lloyd regarding the North, Arctic North America, Greenland, Rasmusson, the Scandanavian north, the Thule expedition V, Canadian Arctic Sovereignty, Canadian Arctic Defense, Eskimo, musk oxen, Mackenzie River and many other articles and photocopied records relating to the north.
Inclusive Dates: 1818-1985
Extent: 3 m
Restrictions: N


TITLE: John Tylor Lyon family fonds

Accession Number: 80-032
Description: This fonds consists of photocopies of records of John Lyon Tylor's family members. It includes the correspondence of William Plummer, 1871-1891 regarding Northern Ontario and Sault Ste. Marie development; manuscript speeches of Robert Adam Lyon, MPP Algoma, 1870-1885; a note of William D. Lyon, MPP Halton, 1919; letters from Robert W. Service and Bill Sime to Harold Tylor relating to memories of the Yukon Territory, literary and personal matters; and newspaper clippings including an obituary of Robert Service.
Inclusive Dates: Photocopied 1980
Extent: 6 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Dr. Barclay McKone manuscripts

Accession Number: 97-1011
Description: These manuscripts were written by Dr. Barclay McKone, M.D., and are in typescript format. The first manuscript with the title "Moose Factory Indian Hospital" describes, in addition to a brief historical and geographical background of Moose Factory and its service area, salient treatments used to fight tuberculosis, and the frequent successes. The record comes alive with frequent records of specific cases. A review of cases indicated different characteristics of the disease and its treatment between Indians and Inuit patients. This report also refers to the treatment of other diseases and cases handled by the hospital between 1951 and 1955. The second manuscript with the title "Eastern Arctic Medical and X-Ray Survey 1955" describes in more complete diary-like detail the considerable amount of work done by group #2 of a 3 group expedition in their attempt to grapple with all the medical problems of the eastern Arctic. Again a primary concern is to identify and arrange to treat patients with tuberculosis. The time frame is June to September 1955.
Inclusive Dates: 1951-1955
Extent: 3 cm
Restrictions: The manuscripts are not to be quoted from without permission of the author.


TITLE: Meta Incognita collection

Accession Number: 03-012
Description: Collection includes the agendas, minutes, and correspondence of the Meta Incognita Project Steering Committee and the Archival Research Task Force (ARTAF). Also included are ARTAF research materials, reports, transcripts, notes, etc. relating to an American Historical Association meeting and a Trent University conference which focused on the subject of Frobisher and his Northwest initiatives.
Inclusive Dates: 1991-2000
Extent: 1.1 m of textual records, 1 VHS tape, 1 cassette tape


TITLE: National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada fonds. Additions

Accession Number: 86-023
Description: This addition to the fonds consists of office files of the National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada. Additions were added August 1992 from Professor John Marsh which were chapter newsletters from 1979 to 1985.
Inclusive Dates: 1968-1985
Extent: .91 m
Restrictions: N


TITLE: National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada fonds

Accession Number: 86-002
Description: This fonds consists of personnel files, general correspondence, financial records and publication materials all relating to the National and Provincial Parks of Canada. This includes many files on environmental concerns and the involvement of the Association.
Inclusive Dates: 1952-1978
Extent: 1.8 m
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Native Studies slide collection

Accession Number: 80-035
Description: The collection consists of copies of photographic slides from holdings of the Archives of Ontario relating to native life in Ontario, North West Territories and Northern Canada.
Inclusive Dates: [19?]
Extent: 387 slides
Restrictions: Permission of the Ontario Archives required to copy.


TITLE: North West Company fur traders licences fonds

Accession Number: 89-1069
Description: This fonds consists of fur trading licences issued to traders by the North West Company.
Inclusive Dates: 1789-1803
Extent: 1 file
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Professor Robert Page. Mackenzie Valley Pipeline fonds

Accession Number: 92-006
Description: This fonds consists of correspondence and reports relating to the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline, the Berger Report and inquiry as well as the Committee for an Independent Canada.
Inclusive Dates: 1972-1983
Extent: 61 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Pugets Sound Agricultural Society collection

Accession Number: 97-1009
Description: This collection consists of a copy of the pamphlet "Deed of Settlement of Pugets Sound Agricultural Society" [printed in 1912], a photocopy of pages of an article with the title "Exile in the Wilderness" by Jean Murray Cole, University of Washington Press, 1979, which refers to this Society, and a letter dated January 6, 1994 from Anne Morton to Hugh Anson-Cartwright with enclosures which establish the date of printing of the pamphlet as approximately 1912.
Inclusive Dates: [1912?] 1994
Extent: 1 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Shirley Quan's Baker Lake journal fonds

Accession Number: 89-1061
Description: This fonds consists of a summer journal written by Shirley Quan who spent a summer at Baker Lake in the Northwest Territories as a volunteer. A copy of her Pressed Artic Flower project is included.
Inclusive Dates: 1962
Extent: 1 file
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Ontario. Royal Commission on the Northern Environment fonds

Accession Number: 86-017
Description: This fonds contains briefing records, summaries of preliminary hearings, "Issues Papers" chapters 1 to 8, submissions to the Royal Commission of the Northern Environment and other related records.
Inclusive Dates: 1977-1978
Extent: 60 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Royal Commission on the Northern Environment fonds. Additions

Accession Number: 94-018
Description: This addition to the fonds consists of research papers, government reports and newspaper clippings concerning northern environment, mercury poisoning, acid rain and native land issues.
Inclusive Dates: 1977-1978
Extent: 30.5 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Save Maple Mountain Committee collection

Accession Number: 04-014
Description: Collection consists of meeting minutes, statements and briefs, newsletter issues, newspaper clippings, photographs, and correspondence relating to efforts of the Save Maple Mountain Committee. Trent University people associated with this effort included Professor F.M. Helleiner, Professor Bruce Hodgins, and Jamie Benedickson.
Inclusive Dates: 1972-1976
Extent: 12 cm of textual records; 9 photographs
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Harold R. Scott fonds

Accession Number: 97-1005
Description: This fonds consists of three certificates: the first, dated October 19, 1948 appoints the Hon. Harold Robinson Scott as Minister of Lands and Forests for Ontario; the second, dated May 4, 1949 confirms that appointment; and the third, dated May 4, 1949 appoints him as a member of the Executive Council of the province of Ontario.
Inclusive Dates: 1948-1949
Extent: 3 items
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Thomas H.B. Symons. Meta Incognita fonds

Accession Number: 05-012
Description: Fonds consists of correspondence, reports, notes, papers, and research material relating to the Meta Incognita project, a project relating to the Arctic voyages of Martin Frobisher.
Inclusive Dates: 1990-2000
Extent: 60 cm of textual records; 30 photographs; 1 audio cassette
Restrictions: Permission of Thomas H.B. Symons and the University Archivist required.


TITLE: William Taylor collection

Accession Number: 94-003
Description: This collection consists of pamphlets, occasional papers and government publications relating to native issues and the north.
Inclusive Dates: 1950-1989
Extent: 5 inches
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Temagami photographic collection

Accession Number: 82-1000
Description: This collection consists of original and duplicate photographs of Lake Temagami, Camp Wanapitei, Camp Keewaydin, Camp Temagami and the Lady Evelyn Lake.
Inclusive Dates: 1924-1974
Extent: 72 photographs
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Arthur Thibert dictionary

Accession Number: 04-1001
Description: Item is a 180-page typescript of an Eskimo-French dictionary written by Arthur Thibert in 1932. Included is a note written by Mary M. Parsons in which she explains how she came to type the dictionary.
Inclusive Dates: 1932, [1942]
Extent: 1 item
Restrictions: N


TITLE: Tillicum Crews fonds

Accession Number: 91-005
Description: This fonds consists of narrations of Temagami canoe trips conducted by the "Tillicum Crews". There is also one map and some promotional materials.
Inclusive Dates: 1923-1932
Extent: 3 cm
Restrictions: N


TITLE: United States. Armed Forces. Northwest Service Command: Records of the Canal Project and Alaskan Highway

Accession Number: 77-037
Description: The microfilms are of records of the United States army, Northwest Service Command and 6th Service Command dealing with the Canol Project and the Alaska Highway Project, including reports, general orders, histories, maps and charts, minutes of meetings and conferences, and demobilization plans. These records also contain international agreements between Canada and the United States. The records on the microfilm date from 1940 to 1946.
Inclusive Dates: Microfilmed 1974
Extent: 17 reels
Restrictions: N