Finding Aid:

Search the Archives

Fonds Level Description

Accession Number: 83-006


Canada. Indian Affairs. DeputySuperintendant Generals' letter books fonds. -- Microfilmed 23April 1975. -- 37 microfilm reels.

Biography / History

On March 17, 1862 the position of Deputy SuperintendentGeneral of Indian Affairs was created and William Spragge wasappointed to this postion. At Confederation, control of Indianmatters was given to the federal government and this responsibiltywas delegated to the Department of Secretary of State for theProvinces. The Secretary of State became Superintendent Generalof Indian Affairs. In 1873 the Department of the Interior wascreated and an Indians and Indian Lands Branch was set up withinit. As a result, the Minister of the Interior became the SuperintendentGeneral. The following year, L. Vankoughnet was appointed DeputySuperintendent General. In 1876 the Indian Act was passed whichconsolidated and revised all previous legislation dealing withIndians in all existing Provinces and Territories. Four yearslater, in 1880, the Independent Department of Indian Affairs wasset up. However, the Minister of the Interior remained SuperintendentGeneral of Indian Affairs. In 1893, Hayter Reed was appointedDeputy Superintendent General and remained in this position until1897 when James A. Smart, Deputy Minister of the Interior, tookover the position. In 1902, Francis Pedley was appointed DeputySuperintendent of Indian Affairs thus ending the system wherebythe Deputy of the Interior held that post. Under Pedley, the departmentalstructure of Indian Affairs was restructured. Several distinctbranches were set up to reflect the expansion of the Department'sactivities. These were the Secretaries Branch, the Accountant'sBranch, the Land and Timber Branch, the Survey Branch, and theSchool Branch. In 1913, Duncan Campbell Scott was appointed asDeputy Superindendent of Indian Affairs, a position which he retaineduntil 1932. The Department continued to exist until 1936 whenit was made a branch of the Department of Mines and Resources.(Taken from: "Public Records Division, General InventorySeries : No. 1 Records relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10)."Ottawa: Public Archives of Canada, 1975.)

Custodial History

The microfilm was purchased from the NationalArchives of Canada.

Scope and Content

The records consist of the letter books, onmicrofilm, of William Spragge, Deputy Superintendant General from1879 to 1924. See Finding Aid to R.G. 10 from the National Archivesof Canada in the Trent University Archives reading room.


Title based on the contents of the fonds.

The microfilm were purchased from the NationalArchives of Canada.

The original letter books are located at theNational Archives of Canada (R.G. 10) .

Restrictions: N

Finding aids: Y

Associated material located at the NationalArchives of Canada.

For related records see: 74-009, 78-005, 84-002, and 84-017.

Microfilm. Set 37.

Archival Finding Aids

Creating the Library of the Future - Details about our exciting transformation