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Accession Number: 78-008

78-008/1/4 #50

Devonshire Buildings Oct 17th

My dear sister

I hope you will know that this horrid writing is the worstof pens. I have no news of you. I am busy every day in the week with my mastersexcept saturday & sunday Tis all I can do to write this

Good by C.E. Browne

Give my love to aunt W. Bess & H Uncle & Anne

My Dear Love

I long to get a letter of yours that Aunt S has. It will betoo much happiness to receive one from you by her loved hand Cathe Aunt andyour Mother are all extacy at the thoughts of her being here soon. I have givenyour sister a writing master that comes 3 times a week, and her french man 2.All this she thinks very great confinement having been so used to idleness, butas she applies she learns very fast. It is sad misfortune for the poor littlegirl that for the four or five first years of her life she was indulged abovemeasure. How happy you are dear Fanny that the dear sensible friends you havefound are so kind, and so proper. Pray my sweet child for their long life &that you may be good am sure they will love you always I beg you will write tome from Edg-stown you must have been an uncommonly good child when Mr E did youthe pleasure of asking you. Tell Mrs E I love her and her 3 little maids detout mon cour. Apropos of french your sister maks a rapid progress in le langueFrancois her master is very proud of her. her writing master says she will dovery well. Is not all this delightful for your affecte A M B

[address to

Miss F Browne


Navan Ireland

on the outside: Mama

Oct 6 1806

also: Your affectionate sister]

78-008/1/4 #51

I believe Kate and I tire you writing so often but I neveromit reminding you that we love you my sweet Fanny as well as ever was loved bymother or sister. You will find from Cathns letter that I am going to trychange of air though my health is very good my limbs get every day worse - Ihave many other reasons for going toward Bristol. The principal is that yoursister may have masters such as my poor Ł130 a year will allow. Think dearFanny how grateful I feel to our friends that teach you. I could not afford topay for all the pretty things in which you I hope excel. that will be somereward for all their trouble and the expance that our dear kind Uncle had beenat. God bless you dear child prays your affectionate Mother

A M Browne

Did you see aunt Sutton yet write when you do and give hermy love and a great many kisses from me to Bess once more I say good by

C E Browne

Mamma can get no lodgins at Bristol but what are too deartill next Winter but hope to go there then

[addressed to

Miss F Browne




78-008/1/4 #52

Tentown Novr 17th 1806

My ever dear Sister

It is with sincere pleasure that I sit down to acknowledgethe Receipt of your very welcome favor this Day; I am thankful that I stilllive in your memory - I dont say that I thought you forgot me - but I amsincerely thankful to God that you have not forgot him. It is love with you myprecious sister, what a blessing that you feel your state; Oh my sister, Iexpected nothing short of its being love with your family - I early saw theCause - It was an Enemy that did this, but eternal Praise to the name of ourgracious friend who has not departed from us, or eternally cast us off -your Redeemer; There is but one way of getting rid of the over besetting sins,whether they are Love of the World or any other Love. that is to get ourSouls filld with the Love of God - all Irreligion is the Love of what iscontrary to him - this, my beloved Martha, is a simple Definition of theMatter; If we love every thing with Complacency that is at varience with ourChrist Jehovah - so far we are religious; Love is the ruling passion of thesoul, whatever its object may be; But it is the Object that renders it avirtue or a vice, a Sin or a duty; - now what have we to do but learn how tolove him with the fervancy of those affections that he hath bestowed upon us,& to withdraw them from whatever is contrary is his nature, his attributesor his Interest: Let us only consider what is it that makes us love the world?Why first because we are always thinking of it, - 2d because we are alwaystaking of it and 3dly because we think it necessary for our Comfort &Happiness: now had we but wisdom & fortitude enough Just to Change ourobject, - and for it by heading the divine word & meditating thereondetermine to have God in all our thoughts - then resolve to converse only withthose who relish divine Subjects, - resolve to break thro every Impediment thatfalse shame, or the fear of Man may have thrown up, to prevent religiousConversation, & in the third place be'. by the Doctrine of faith &Truth, that God in Christ only, is necessary to your Comfort &Happiness when you follow this process, so as to be fixed in it, then the Loveof God will, & Must supplant every other Love, for the more youenquire into him as the source of your Comfort and Happiness the moreabundantly will be reveal the riches of his grace & love, so that youl beashamed before him, for ever having loud any other object because youl be fullyconvinced, more & more, than in him & m'.. not in the world, allthe fulness dwells of every thing that can in any way contribute to your realHappiness - my poor dear Robert Burrows - well I hope to see him before hetakes his flight - Just last week I formed a plan for visiting part of theNorth & wrote my appointments to my dear Brethern the preachers - I haveappointed but one night for Lisburn & 2 for Belfast, & was obliged topass by both Drumbeg & Wilmount giving them merely a xian salute by the way- If Brother Dinnen is willing to give me to you & Drumbeg for one of hisnights I shall be very pleased; but this I must leave to him - I bless the Lordfor the poor Country people, as well as with our very precious friends inColemain whom I dearly love - my best Respects & Love all your dear family- particularly dear Eliza & her dear Husband & Children - Indeed Ioften think of you all with great Comfort - I am about to set out on my Tourtomorrow morning - O pray that God may be with me all my Way & leave me nota moment to myself - I praise God forthe sweet Acct you give me of Mr Johnston - the Lord be with you to the End ofTime & then he will be your all in Eternity - ever yours

Ad Averell

[addressed to

Miss Stewart



stamped Durrow]

78-008/1/4 #53

December 18. 1807

My much loved and dearest Fanny

Catharine finnished for me this day a very long letter but asit was begun a week ago and the contents being old, I have made her take upthis new sheet to tell you that I received this day makes the third I have gotfrom you but have never ventured to write in return till I was sure that allinfection of the measles was over I agree with you in wishing but not fearingyour having them. Each line of yours so affectionate and gratifying lettersmake me one of the happiest of mothers. You can not wish half so much as I dothat we could meet. What a conceited person I shall be when I have my two goodgirls to help in all the things that my own hands and legs will not perform.Since Catherine has had the measles she can neither write so well or so long asbefore. - I saw a letter from dear Bess yesterday to Aunt Sutton and am happyto hear you are all well but will defer answering your three lettersparticularly till I can say something decisive of poor Mrs Daniel at present mythoughts are employed about her. Catherine will then be more able to write forme I myself am grown uncommonly weak since the cold weather. I grieve that youhave felt it so much in Ireland and know well how the poor are distressed bysuch an event. If you hear of any great object that a guinea would relieve fromvery great distress get it from Uncle Waller for me and seven shillings forCatherine which aunt Sutton will pay again for us to save any difference in theaccount of what I am to receive from Uncle Waller. You will guess dear Fannythat this is a widows mite I this day heard that the friend who bought over theknitting for Uncle Waller blanket coul not make much out Mrs Major Wallershouse in Gardiners Row and I desired it may be deposited at Wm Lynes, MountjoySquare. I am less vexed at Wms delay as it will be more useful in summer. Givemy love to Miss Warren and pray say civil things to my dear friend MissMarchella I wish Francis Beaufort safe remember he is my eldest son so dontexpect I will love William Edgeworth or any other boys that you get for me nearso well but am delighted with your having such friends as the Edgworths. Icould scarcely consult Dr Bigney at present but if he comes to Bath or I go toIreland I certainly will have his advice though Entrenous no person willsucceed in removing a complaint which I am now convinced was brought on by cold& in the hard season we had the misfortune to lose your dear Father. Youraunt Brown's live near Dublin I wish you would write to them it is a respectand attention due to them. Direct to Miss Browne 54 Stephen Green East Dublin Iwill now bid you farewell dearest and ever loved Fanny, blessing and love toaunt Waller that I as usual doat on with Bess Hariet Anna and above all UncleW. Anna Maria Browne Ower poor Mrs. Daniel continues in as much pain and notone bit better

78-008/1/4 #54

Feby 1 1808

Sweet Fanny

I promised to write when I could get a Frank. If Sir M haddatted it for tomorrow (as I requested) you should have had a satisfactory longletter both from Kitty and the rest of us. I fear it being too late if I keepit to say how well I love all at A-town or that I am better God bless you mydarling


78-008/1/4 #55

Bandon, Feby 15th: 1809

Dear Martha

When I heard by letter, from Mr Hamilton, that you were comeinto this remote country, from your sweet abode in the North, my heart didtruly, and exceedingly rejoice; because I hoped to be favoured with a sight ofyou once more, before (like your dear sister Ellen) you took your flight toParadise; for the happy moments we spent together in the Lord, in the City of Dublin,came forcibly to my Mind. And indeed, it was gratification of no common kind,to me, to receive your sweet little note from the hands of dear Miss Clinchyand shortly after, to be favoured with a sight of yourself, after encounteringthe perils of the water.

"and if our fellowship below

in Jesus be so sweet;

what heights of rapture shall we know,

when round his throne we meet!"

My beloved sister, I bless God, for the grace communicatedto your heart, by which you have been enabled to hold on to the present day,walking before his divine Majesty, in simplicity, and godly Sincerety, lookingto Jesus, the Author and Finisher of our Faith. This is the plain path toheaven, as the poet sweetly sings.

"The Holy to the Holiest leads,

From thence our spirits rise;

And he that in thy statutes treads,

Shall meet thee in the skies."

O Blessed path! Safety and happiness attend it. "No sinshall be there, Nor any ravanous beast shall go up theron, it shall not befound there but the redeemed shall walk there; And the ransomed of the Lord,shall return & come to Zion with Songs, and everlasting joy upon theirheads; they shall obtain joy and gladness and sorrow and sighing shall fleeaway." Isiah 35th. It is true, ravanous beasts may roar upon you,and the infernal Sin may reject many things to perplex and discourage you, butwhile you keep in the King's highway, the Enemy cannot harm you; for God hathsaid, "No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper, and every tonguethat shall rise in judgement against thee, thou shalt condemn; this is theheritage of the servants of the Lord, and their righteousness is of me, saiththe Lord." Is. 54. In all your temptations my dear Martha, draw near to theLord. Never keep the secrets of the Enemy, no, not for a moment. Say them allbefore your everlasting Friend. He will solve every difficulty, and enable youreap profit, by the say of your enemy. Remember, Martha, that if you aretempted, and that in a violent Manner, your case is not singular. Your Lord andMaster was tempted in all things like as we are, yet without sin. It will doyour Soul much good, to take a walk, now and then, into the Wilderness toobserve the conflicts of your Redeemer, & how he triumphed over theAdversary. I doubt not but St. Paul had some thing of this in view, when hesaid he tried and tempted Believers, "But consider Him, who endured thecontradiction of Sinners against himself, lest ye be weary and '.. in yourMinds. But my dear Sister, I must conclude, the midnight draws on, though Ibegan this letter only a few minutes ago; but I could not think of letting BrSmith go to Kinsale, witht this little token of love; especially, as you may begone be'. I reach Kinsale. If you should, dont forget to leave a few lines forme. My love to Mr & Mrs Mitchell. If you should be in the Country when I gonext, I intend, God willing, thither to walk or ride to see your Sister. Mylove also to Br & Dr Matthias, tell them, they lie very near my heart. toBr and Dr Hanna as you are going home. To my old friend McClinchy and hisexcellent niece Sara and accept the same from

Your affectionate Brother in the Lord

Matthias Joyce

May the Lord ever have you in his holy keeping. May he gobefore you and your sister, in your journey; and cover you in the rear with hisglory I could write much longer; but the labours of the approaching SabaathMorning Call upon me, to gather my thoughts. Farewell. God night, and a happySabbath to you. Amen.

78-008/1/4 #56

County of Cork December 25th

This day last year - we were all living at Wilmont with mydear Father - who was there confined to his death bed, & I remember puttinghim in mind that it was Christmas day - Many happy days have we spent with himin our old habitation - but how have we dispersed since that period whichfinished his suffering here & introduced him to a new world of Spirits

He departed this life March 16th 1808 - giving usevery hope & assurance that a saving knowledge of the truth as it isrevealed to us in Christ - His Gospel had set his heart free & that God inmercy for Christs sake had accepted of him - He was in his seventy fifth yearwhen this took place, & Oh what mercy is it, that GOD does look on us atany time & gives us a desire to flee to him from our own doings - &take refuge in the only hope held out to us in the Gospel - the wounds of Jesusthe way by faith - the gift of GOD & the holy Spirit our light to shineupon the way that leads us o the Lamb, but in the Course of seventy years hasmany continuous love we sought out how many ways has the devil continued tokeep us from the way of faith - May we the Widow & surviving Children of mycare to be remembered dear father know in time what it is to repent &believe the Gospel, & believing witnesses of the Doctrine of Justif1 GOD,& daily remember the exhortation to press forward towards the mark of thepraise of our high Calling in Christ Jesus - & altho' we are more dispersedin different parts of the Kingdom of Ireland may we one day collected aroundour heavenly fathers throne to sing the praises of redeeming Love & servehim day without night thro all eternity - then shall we know how to value theglorious plan of Salvation of Christ being made manifest in our flesh to make asatisfaction for our Sins - to destroy in us the love of Sin - to remove thesting of death from every believers soul - Thanks be to GOD that gives us thevictory thro' our Lord Jesus Christ

Amen & Amen

I wish to take this little note of a conversation expressiveof the State of mind my dear Father was in on Christmas day - which I hadforgot until Lydia put me in mind of it when she Blayney & I weresitting'''''.. round the fire at Ringanane parlour after dinner talking abouthim whose memory is still dear to us all & his last & best days worthyof being remembered

Most of my sisters were walking - Mrs Wilson my Mother Tom& I were in his room - our compassionate Lord was with us - I think I readspoke & prayed with my father - his heart was touched by the Spirit fromabove - he saw the world he said as he never saw it before as a mere bauble -& said he never was so happy - He called Tom to him he spoke of the worldin a manner I think he never did before - I purt him in mind different timeswhen the world of Satan would try to distress him but he is now safe - we mustadore the goodness of GOD enabling such creatures as

78-008/1/4 #57

Dear Child

I received a letter from you yesterday sans date. Thepostmark looked very much like Denby. I could see your writing and indulgedmore than a minute in thinking it must be that you & some of our dearfriends were at the Bishop of K' as my Uncle on his way to Bath to fix the goutin his feet and leave it here was very likely I thought Well! I was a greatfool for being so dissappointed when I found it was only - Drumora - Somethingtells me I shall be better next year, and then dear only think "Who'l so happy,so happy as me"

your hasty epistle gave me more pleasure than weight in goldwould have done but this is only because I hear you are a good girl, and thatall your dear friends are fond of you.

I am grieved Aunt Ws cold is so teasing. Uncle has only beenlike all those who have the Gout. much affected by the weather, every one here(of the many that way affliced) has been worse than usual, among the rest ourfriend Dicky Gossop I have had pain in feet & hands very like thediscription of that sore evil Next opportunity you may expect a frenchletter from Kitty. I am going for a short time to Mrs Croswells in Willshire(if I am able) your sister is in great joy, as it is a very good natured family& a vast quantity of the best fruit, and Pinkney Park is a very fine place.I often been there and it greatly agrees with me. This eveining there came twovery nice young ladies to see me riding on neddy Asses I hope I shall neverhear of my girls making themselves so singular. They are Baron Hamiltons niecesand remarkable ingenious young women.

I mean to go out in a Carriag this day preparatoary to myjant to Mr Cs if this house is not sett on my visit being over. I hope to returnhere for I like it very much - though I have man objections - But when is theplace free from all.

Ask Bess Waller if she has read Miss Rivere I think itbeautiful and I think she know the author, I do believe, that is I am sure if aBeaufort wrote it. My son your brother F - thought to Direct your letter to thesame place Devonshire Buildings

Aunt Susan affectionate love to you & all

I have tired myself too much to say more only give my loveto all affectionately I am your fond Mother & friend

A.M. Browne

[addressed to

Miss Browne



postmarked JU


written in pencil 1804]

78-008/1/4 #58

[written Jan. 8, 1804;

no transcription]

78-008/1/4 #59

[to Fanny from F. Beaufort, Oct. 13, 1805;

no transcription]

78-008/1/4 #60

[written May 1806;

no transcription]

78-008/1/4 #61

[Sophy Rushton to Fanny, 1807 or 1808

no transcription]

78-008/1/4 #62

[to Francis Browne, Sept 7th, 1808;

no transcription]

78-008/1/4 #63

[to Fanny from EW, October 1809;

no transcription]

78-008/1/5 #64


My darling Child

I received your letter by Mr Thomas Johnston and adelightful account of you all my beloved Friends from him I cannot tell you howrejoiced I am to think I shall now soon see you all once more that is if mydear Aunt Waller has a bed to spare now for me & Kate I hope to be with youearly in the week after next but shall not fix the day till I get your answerfor it would not be now convenient to my Aunt to allow me to see you all I willgo directly to Kells and pay you & my Aunt & dear Girls another visitwrite an answer as soon as you can to this to tell me whether you have a bed ornot - You have heard long ago I suppose that I only sent Kate to Ballynahinch& that I came to pass some time with good & kind Aunt Smyth who is aswell as possible she has her little grandson Sidney Smyth at present with herhe is a fine active clever boy of seven years old and Brother to dear littlePatty I often wonder how Mrs Smyth can have their noise but she never lets themout of her sight except to walk with me now & then she does not go outherself at all nor see any of her neighbours except two families next doorNeighbours as she does not like the little tattle of Lisburn whilst I was atWilmont I was very gay and was much delighted by two Dinner parties we had todifferent Mountains near that house The view from the Cave hill is most grand& beautiful we could plainly see Scotland and the beautiful Bay of Belfast&c &c I ventured to climb to the first cave but there took fright &stopped till some of the party climbed or rather crawled to the top of the hillon their hands & knees and I believe if they had told but the truth theydid not after all see more then we did who stopped half way - for the cloudsgot between them & the prospects The other two Mountains we visited werecalled the Black Mountain from which after a tiresome & dangerous walk wecould not see anything but what you had before seen too much greater advantagefrom the Cave hill so we all came down again & went to Colin Glyn amost beautiful Mountain that wants nothing but planting to make it enchantingfor it appears to have been burst in two or three places across the Mountain byan Earthquake and a deep Chasm is sometimes Dry & full of pieces of therocks that have fallen down on others fine Water falls and the whole mountainis covered with beautiful Herbs & different Heaths - Did you know anythingof Mrs Ford the daughter of Mr Carleton of Rosstrevor She is dead & it iswhispered her drunken & mad husband has been the occasion of it I will tellyou a great deal more about her when we meet - Oh! the joyful thought -farewell then my beloved & Dearest Child continue to be good & happygive my best love to my dear Aunt and to sweet but lazy breakhonor Bess I cannottell you how glad I am to hear she is well and gives some hopes of soon beingin Meath - I am glad you are to get back you own dear Hary I wonder howyou are able to live so long without your guide & sweetheart tell mydear Ann to hold up her head & be well for there is somebody that oftenthinks of her besides myself I am very glad Robert Mayne is out of pain he mustwork hard to be able to keep up love without money - I have my Doubts of hissuccess Love to the Dear Beauforts & even your Mamsey


[addressed to

Miss F. Browne

31 Merrion Street


1810 written in pencil]

78-008/1/5 #65

July 2nd - 3d I mean

finished 4th

My dearest Harriet

I really do thank you greatly for your nice kind longletter, and of all your advice which you seem to be a little afraid of my notthanking you for - but I know I always want advice & I like to have yougive it to me - I feel so odd with out any one to advise or order me & I amsure I hope I am doing without orders as you dearest Moome wish me - butpray dont be too sanguine & expect too much for then when you come you willbe woefully disappointed - I know I have been very idle whilst Lou washere, but I dont think I could have done more - now do pray imagine that I havedone hardly any thing and you will judge when you come whether you were rightor wrong - Very often when I began a letter to you I had determined to writeonly very little at a time but some times when they saw me writing toyou they gave me things to tell you which obliged me to send it to you that day- & at other times I got so deep in what I was telling you that I ran onwithout considering - Now for the questions - 1st - it was inPercivals Ceylon that we read the account of the Ichneuman at least I believe& think so - 2 - It was that Every new language, we acquire, is likeanother eye - I forgot to ask Uncle B about Isabella color (which indeed as ofold) I always thought of when I could not ask him - so will you ask him if youplease & tell me -

I admire Ellen dear Ellen - I think the description of heramusement at the strangers in rowing her little boat is very well describedthere were a good many parts which I unluckily missed when they were reading itout - but I intend to read it whilst the Society Lady is here & then I willtell you my full opinion - I think some of the indeed all the descriptions arebeautiful - & I think Scott shines in description - I have at last verynearly finished the Lay which you may remember I began before you went away atthe corner of the card table as I dont sit there now I read it when I canbetween the first & second dinner bells I admire it (if possible) more thanever It comes first, Lady next & Marmion next I intend to read Marmionagain whilst I have the other two fresh in my memory - We at least I am greatlyentertained with dear Ld Nelson - I hear very little but what I do I like - Hementions Francises friend Hillyers - & praises him immensely

Oh! dear Harriet, I wish you joy of dearest Francis - bothfor his promotion & his prospects of (I hope) further domestic happiness -Is Miss Wilson pretty in her face - I know her figure is like Miss O'Beirnes Isuppose you have heard of Kitty Staples's choice. Bess Ruxton is very busybuying her wedding cloathes - every body seems to me to know it for Mrs O'Beirnementioned today in a letter to Mrs Waller - and Miss Savage talked quite freelyof it to us - & all the Rosstown people seem to know it too - Mr Barry isto be in town tomorrow to settle his affaire & they are to be married atRosstown - as soon as possible - Mrs Ford & all are in love with MrBarry - Margaret Barry is going to be married to a Captain Ammery of herbrothers regiment - Tell Louise the backs of the Card cases are 10 ½ inches by3 ¼ broad the pockets 2 ½ inches deep by 3 ¾ long - We have a fine patch ofMignioette blown in our garden & a good deal more coming - every rose treehas three or four buds - so I am at last convincing Bess that something willgrow in it - my sweet peas are improving - our Rockets are out of blow now theywere not quite to be despised - If I could once arrive at weeding up all thegrass it would be very nice -ask Uncle Beaufort what we are to do with Wmsgreat umbrella - I will take care of his hat & coat I am a goose - you neednot ask him about the umbrella - I know he is to take it

Love to all from your own child

Francis Browne

Bess is better & is home

[addressed to

Miss H Beaufort


post stamped 4 July 1810]

78-008/1/5 #66

May you never, my dear Fanny, have a more serious proof ofthe disappointing propensity of Men, than this letter to you and your coteriethis day. My vehicle was bespoke for 5 a.m. tomorrow morning, & what ismore, it was paid for yesterday in advance. But I have just now been obliged tocountermand it, as I cannot stir till my circular lobby is put together, whichI did expect to have finished this day. So being disappointed in this veryimportant point of my fanciful architecture, how can I avoid disappointing myfriends in Dublin and Cork, and myself very materially, in as much as I love somuch of the pleasure I propose to myself.

Living these many days upon hope, like a young lover, I canonly say that I hope to partake of your good Aunts hospitality on Saturday. Butlet not my Voiture set out to meet me, before the Postman brings a letter fromCollon Nor I am be forced to postpone my Journey till Monday, which I certainlyshall do, if the most urgent necessity does compel me to it.

If your letter for which I thank you had mentioned whetherAnn Marylin intended to take her passage in your chaise, it would have beensatisfactory to me. However I shall write a line to Brabazon, to put him off,in case he was to set out tomorrow.

Tell you great Aunt B. that I rejoiced in the finestof the weather yesterday,& rejoyce how at her having had so pleasant ajourney. Tell her I have just had a visit from an amiable and Litterary Earl aBaronet and the Son of another Baronet, who were accompanied by a lady that isand one that is to be, who wished to see her and her two daughters. And furtherI have not to say For I am called & must away To teach my workmen - withoutNobs How to perform my weighty jobs. So give my love to old and young'Tis all can now be said or say or written to my dear F.B.

by her most affectionate D A B

19 July 10

Lady N & Mr. N. just arrived

[on the outside


July 1810

Uncle Beaufort

addressed to

Miss Browne

31 Merrion Street


78-008/1/5 #67

Wednesday May 16th


E si in tornemdo Aluste

Mi ritroversse ad altro sposo in braccio

Che serrebbe di lisi!

Che serrebbe di mi! trimo in pensarlo

Qual pontimento avici

Dell' incostanza mia! Qual egli avubbe

Intollrrabile puna

Di troverrmi infidele!

Le sue ginste guerde

Le smanie sue, legelosi, gli affermie

Ogui pensie sepotto

Iutto il sue cor gli leggerei in volto


And if on returning Alustro should find me

in the arms of another husband,

what would become of him! What would become

of me! -

I tremble to think of it -

What punishment could I have for my inconstance

What intolerable pain he would suffer

at finding me faithless

His just quarrels, his anger, jelousy, grief

every hidden thought,

his whole heart might be read in his countenance

My dearest Harriet - As you desired me I wrote a littleexercise to you but I think it foolish to write them in my letters because whenyou come home you will see every one that I write while you are away andtherefore I think it foolish to fill up my paper with them - I was going towrite to you last Friday but Bess said she wanted to write about bussiness toyou so now you see I have got a large sheet as you desired - I believe thatwhen you desired me to buy Si: Di: you forgot that Anne Nangle has them all -so I have ready the first con: on Gal: I myself tried the experiment of puttinga piece of Lead under my tongue & a piece of silver over it & Iperceived the change of taste immediately, and very strongly - I am veryselfish I confess - but indeed I am a little sorry that you are taking thefirst reading of Si: Di with Honora - But it would be exactly the same with anyother book & so I must make up my mind to be contented with either readingit to myself or making you read it over again with me; which you know of old Idont like - If Agnes had been at home I would have liked your reading that verywell - because my own dear Moome I had read it with you before.

Bess says she will buy the Ed: Review she says also that shehas a mind not to subscribe to it any more but to buy the numbers here - forthe expense is exactly the same - What do you think of this? Do younever walk in the evening! I have slept for these four days till past eight -but I assure you I try to be industrious & I am always down at thefirst bell as you desired me - When I get up I read my chapter (I am now in the2d book of Samuel) then I dress quick, & as I never have fire you maysuppose I am cold - so when I have written some Geo: I come down & readPlut: or Gal: or Spu: till the first bell rings & then I cut the bread& butter & after breakfast I practice as usual - when that is done Iwrite & read & walk & eat & work & dress till dinner, afterwhich I water the Garden & walk & tea & play & bed or supper -sometimes - Now you desired me in your last letter to Bess not to increase mypractising - but you know you told me your self that I might play half an hourlonger - in general I play two hours & a half - but one day when I wasparticularly anxious I did three - but only one day - Mr Warren says I amimproving My Aunt made me play for Dean William Allot yesterday he said Iplayed very well & he came again to hear me but I was out - Warrenasked me today whether I had played for him, & when he heard I had he saidhe would ask him his real opinion of me - so I know I shall never havethe satisfaction of knowing his real opinion - for I think Mr W wonttell me - we have bought a nice good Piano forte from him & sent off theold one - poor Mrs Waller has or rather is sending me over two fine Lessons byMr Wm Waller - We are to go to Christ Church next Sunday again for the secondtime since you went - poor Mr Jager has been extremely ill so dearlittle Robinson supplied his place wonderfully last Sunday - I understood everyword quite easily & liked it very much - & heard an excellent sermonfrom Dean Allot - Do you know that there are a great many sweet peas up in ourGarden & a great deal of Mignonette & the Siberian Larkspur has a bunchof Buds - Bess says she asked two or three book sellers about the books, &they all said they could do nothing or say nothing till they saw them - Thanks forthe El'. which arrive quite safe - but it is better not to send another so soon- Anne will write to her soon with an account of the miners. She said she wouldwrite it so I could not say no I must write it - The Richardsons are in town ontheir way to England - they all look very ill & poor Letitias knee is sobad that she cant stir We heard yesterday from Mrs Bronlow through Anne Lyne ofthe poor little Darby Halls death She was quite resigned - & her death wasrather sudden - Mrs Stewart is coming over immediately & she is to bringher poor remains over to be buried in Ireland - I dont know where - TheRichardsons all desired to be remembered to you & so did Miss Fortescue -Mrs Vesey came here on Sunday & sent in tickets which I think was very rude& odd as she proffessed to be so anxious to become acquainted with us LadyArabella Scott came to day to return a visit which Bess left tickets foryesterday We were all out so Bess & I met her & her caro sposo walkingafterwards - he introduced her to Bess, & she was very civil & did notlook at all cross - John says 4 of the books have been bought for your dad atAuction, it is not over yet - so they have not been sent home yet - Darcy is tocome over soon so we dont intend going to any lectures till he comes - I dont seeany one not even shop girls wearing spencers so you know I have a piece of bluecalico quite new & nice & it would make me a very nice pellisse coveredwith a bit of muslin - a quarter of a yard of spotted muslin would do very well& would not cost more than two yards of cambric muslin for a spencer woulddo - Bess & I agreed this would be better than a white spencer but nothingwas to be done without asking you - Answer this very soon - I have not aparticle of cold & I always wear my Velvet spencer - Good bye Your own

dear child


write very soon

Dinner is on the table so forgive scribble & the baddirection

Bess wants to know what she is to do with Miss QuinnsHandkerchief

[addressed to

Miss Beaufort


post stamped 1810]

78-008/1/5 #68

March 18 1811

I was very impatient for Monday, but it brought no letterfrom you, my dear brat, & I was obliged to live on patience till Wednesday,for your letter never arrived till that day & you sent it too late to thepost I suppose, so if Catherine makes droll remarks any more while you arewriting I will have her gagged - I am very much obliged for your letter, butwanted to know more of what you thought & felt on an occasion so new to you- I am glad Aunt Sutton was so good as to lend you her silk petticoat, & Iam sorry I did not stick to my original opinion that a silk one was best foryou to get - you were a goose to wear the white gloves, for when they are wornwith mourning they are generally considered as a dancing signal - at any rateas your motive for not dancing was the impropriety, & want of respect tothe memory of a friend who was so attached to you, & so much loved by you,you should have worn your black gloves, because you should have made plain toyour acquaintances, (as I hope you did distinctly to your Aunts) that it wasnot any silly mauvaise'. or '.. sheepishness, but made you averse to dancing;but merely your consciousness of the total impropriety of your dancing in onemanth after the death of a friend to whom you were bound by every tie ofgratitude & filial affection

Your steadiness about dancing has gratified us very much,because it shows that true sensibility which prevents our becoming selfishpleasure hunters, & makes the Heart appear in all our actions - but I beg youwill take care that your friends understand what your conduct arose from, &do not let them think it was from obstinacy - I hope some other time, whenthere will be no obstacle to your dancing & when you are fitter &better prepared to go into public that they will have the pleasure of seeingyou figure away as heartily, tho' much more gentilly than Bess Pakenham.

You have had two or three great losses by not being here, tosay nothing of all the company of your travelling friends - There were, seeinggreat large trees removed & planted, & the Copper Beech removed fromthe garden, & brought into the field across the deep ditch by means ofplanks - & various other very interesting things of that sort - The otherloss is the Female Quizette which makes me laugh very much, but would keep youI am sure in a constant war of laughing - sometime or other you shall read it -We were about the Copper beech from one till six oclock - I think it was astill harder job than moving that at Allenstown, this time 3 years

I am starving for another letter, & want to know how youhave passed your time since the bell business was over - I hope you have seenthe DeLacys - if not may go - & whoever you see, take care & behavelike a sensible well bred young woman, & not like a silly giggley - wasMiss Wren at the ball? Were you introduced to either of the Miss Wades, -

We are all affronted with Cathne for refusing JohnMcCausland - he is bright enough for a ball, & gentleman like & hercousin to boot & the sylphs who watch over ball rooms will some time orother punish her for that by making her a wall flower for a whole night - tellher that -

Dr. Hopkins has hired Owen, Wm I am sure you will be glad or- I believe we shall soon go home - that is Anne is in a great hurry to getback to town I dont know why - neither Bess nor I am in any hurry - my Motheris better I think, & her looks improved - her neck pretty well - Emma hashad a great cold & violent pain in her ear, she is better today - TheChilles are very well & quite fresh now, you wd be delighted with them

Fanny E. has written to press Bess to go to E town now, butshe will not There have been letters from Miss Hardy lately giving a muchbetter account of Henry who they say begins to rally - I had a letter fromSophy yesterday - she has been very well ever since the weather grew mild - shedoes not take mercury - Pray give my love to Betty Rothwell - My Dad & Me& Bess went yesterday to see the Lamberts & Mrs Ardie Ruxton - poor MrsL is grown very thin - Mr L looks 20 years older - & Flo is still confinedto her room - My Pa & Ma & Ann are gone today to Drogheda - Mrs R.Mayne has a fine boy & Robt is as happy as if a king - Bess & I had adelightful walk all round the lake to day - I'm a little tired, that is the reasonI am writing as ill Pray tell me very particularly about your time & praydont let your mind be idle; exercise it & employ it - I have something veryentertaining about luminous insects for you - & am sorry to tell you thereare many in the sea at Carlingford bay, what a pity that we did not know it -

Why dont you tell me about Hooks roman history - I have beensearching half the day for a history of the eastern roman Empire to take upwhen we left off - for I hope as soon as we are together again that we will setabout our plans with vigour & have quiet pleasure in reading together -Dont forget to learn by heart the relentless daughter Are they reading any booknow - what do you do all day & all the evening & what time do you getup - it ought to be very early since you go to bed so early - I hope you dosomething besides dress before breakfast - & that you dont be awake talkingat night - Nay my dear love do not -

God bless you my love to all your people

78-008/1/5 #69

[original with discrepancies]

What Person acquainted with the true state of the Case,would imagine reading these astounding eulogies, that the Glory of thepeople was the subject of millions of stings, and reproaches! That this protectorof the Arts, had names a wretched foreigner, his Historical Painter, indisparagement, or in ignorance, of the Merits of his own Countrymen! That this Macaenasof the Age, patronized not a single, deserving writer! That this breatherof Eloquence could not say a few decent extempore words, if we are tojudge, at lease from what he said to his Regiment, on its embarkation forPortugall! That this Conqueror of Hearts was the disappointer of hopes!That this exciter of desire (Brave Messieurs of the Post) - This Adonis inloveliness was a corpulant Gentleman of Fifty! In short that this Delightful,Blissful, Wise, Pleasureable, Honourable, Virtuous, True and Immortal Princewas a Violater of his Word, a Libertine over Head and Ears in Debt, anddisgrace - a dispiser of domesticities, the Companion of Gamblers, andDemirips, a Man who has on the gratitude of his Countrymen, or respect ofPosterity -

[Examiner, 22nd March; 1812 written in adifferent hand]

Last night a Concert vastly gay,

Was given by Lady Castlereagh,

My Lord love musick, & we all know,

Has always two strings to his bow,

For chusing songs, the Regent nam'd

His'. heart for falsehood framed

78-008/1/5 #70

December 3, 1812

I must acknowledge I have given you some reason to think merather tardy in the fulfilment of my promise, but I assure my dear littleFandance that I have only waited to have something very entertaining for you -& also to finish Mde de Bascetter having vowed that I would not write toany body till that was done. Nothing new or surprising has happened - so Ishall just tell you that I live in the Cintz room - Harriet wakens me everymorning at eight - or rather tells me the hour - for I am generally awakebefore she comes - I get up then & half dress, & read a little bit tomyself till He comes, then we read Merope till the Horn sounds, she goes down& I finish dressing - After breakfast I go some times to my room for a qurof an hour before the maid comes to it, & then I go to the Library to writeor read, or else I go to walk with Maria & Honora afterwds I sometimes walkwith Fanny, but that takes up so much time that I have not much light remaining- when it grows dark I amuse Pakenham till his mother is ready for him, then Igo to my own room, & dress, & take a little time then for making myflannel waistcoats & when Honora has done reading to her Aunts, we learnverses together till near dinner - after dinner we all draw round the fire -after some time the ladies & Wm go away, and then Mr E, Maria, Honora &I do in our heads multiplication sums that Harriet gives us - & Sophy doesthem on paper - Honora is the best hand - I am seldom so quick as they are& as I generally go over them after I have done them, I seldom tell theresults in time; but I hope I shall improve - then Mr E teaches the children to dance, & as I was summon'd lastnight I am much afraid that I shall be made to join - after tea we sometimesread to ourselves, if Mr E has letters to write - or else we work if there isreading out - by the by I want some coarse work for night; I blinded myselflast night doing satin stitch - I am very sorry you could not find my lawn, Ithink if you look again you will find a little roll of it, or else flat - somepieces of new lawn - after supper we go upstairs, about eleven, Ho curls herhair in my room & then we go to bed - & there is an exact journal of mylife for you. it is said that the origin of water'd silk was this, a silkweaver happening to have met with some disappointment whilst ruminating one dayon it for a long time, was chewing a piece of silk or Tabby, at last when hespit it out, he chanced to look at it, & observed that the color look'dquite different in those parts which had been wet & pressed by his teeth,& as it was very pretty he tried it with a large piece, it succeeded &it made his fortune

As it so near Christmas I do not think it worth while to sayanything about the drawing room & I advise you not only to press goingthere no more, but to shew that you are perfectly contented with the place theylike to sit in - cheerfulness & good humour will make any room pleasant -& opposing people about trifles will make you disagreable, & willbesides give them the idea that you want to govern - which is the thing thatevery creature has a dread of - There are many who sit in their parlours -& tho I think it an unwise thing - yet it is best to submit to it - Tell memy dear Fanny if all is Coleur de Rose - if not - & that you find any crows- examine your self impartially & observe whether you have been in fault -Take care every day to be attentive & considerate towardsboth Bess & Anne & take great care, not to insist on trifles ofmake er! work about them, as you know of old, nothing teizes them so much - Idare say, my love none of this is necessary to write to you - but I wish toremind you of all this because I am very anxious that your conduct when I amnot with should be irreproachable, that people may see that you act from goodprinciples & good disposition - & not from being ordered - & aswhen Francis comes I shall be again away from you - you ought to study thatconduct that will conduce most of the happiness of the community - but at thesame time I would not have you give up your time so as to lose opportunity foryour own private employments I hope you adhere to the custom of reading a littleFrench or Italian after they leave the parlour after dinner - I assure you halfan hour regularly employed thus will assist you much - & you are still toomuch a learner, to be able to afford to give it up the whole evening to others- be steady about the time that you now ought to be devoted to acquiringknowledge - for it is flying very fast, & every day makes ignorance in youmore scandalous - I am sorry to find you have still a lump in your throat,while any remains, you should take very great care to avoid cold, as that mightfix the lump there, & make it very troublesome - is you go out put on acravat - mind now my duck - You are shockingly lazy, & as I suppose you goup about eleven, you have not much excuse - Tell Peggy not to go away till youhave fairly jump'd up, at least upon your scant & then'.. if you go tosleep again, it must be with your will - I am sorry you cannot finish ModernEurope with the year - but do get on at least as well as you can, for I amimpatient for you to read two or three books I have in my eye for you - Isuppose when you have done the Iliad you will be glad to continue the thread inthe Odyssy, at least I should advise it before the personnages slip out of yourmind - little Harriet is an excellent historian, I wish you my dear to be thesame - & to succeed in whatever you attempt - which you are perfectly equalto, with a little regular perseverance - I am beginning to be much afraid Ishall not get to town at time I wish - for I dont know how to go - I have a littlehope that Mrs Torkington will be obliged to go soon to her sick mother, &if she does, I will go with her - I cannot well go such along journey by myself, particularly as there is any serious discontent about my staying away Ihave lately read, King Lear & the papers on it in the Adventurer -l'orphelin de la chine - & Nanine ou l'homme sans prejuge - both byVoltaire - they are extremely pretty - I read all this at Collon - I wish youwould ask your Aunt Susan to send you some volumes of the Theatre of Voltaire- suppose six - I asked my Father, & he says all Voltaire's playsare perfectly proper to read - & beautiful - I am now at Mde de Stael -& looking into Mde de Genlis anecdotes des femmes illustres & am goingtoday to read Mandevilles essay on Charity schools, as Mr E ask'd me to do so -I shall have numbers of new lines for capping, so I hope you will have some too- I hope if you see Mrs Knox you will not be stiff & silent - I amdelighted they have got a house in Merrion Square - I cant help being a littlesuprised at the excessive grief of the Hamiltons - & have not mentioned it,because it is ridiculous - you never tell me anything of Sidney - do you oftensee her - is Sneyd often with you - Have you ever seen the poor Pet Fox - itwas a pity you could not let in the Veseys - is the Velvet put the whole waydown the front of your pelisse, or only to the waist - I think the mark of theold velvet appears on mine - & wish I could have as much fur as wd do therest - if they are worn trimm'd down to the bottom - it wd take 2 yds & aquarter - I have just tried on my pelisse & am sure Mrs T left it to someof her Girls to make, the Sleeves are so tight I fear I shall never have anycomfort in it - The body sits very badly - & the wrists are so tight I canscarcely drag them on - I have not had time yet to try my gown - I am rathersad about my pelisse - & about money - I must trespass on you to pay MissLiddy all that is due for washing that I may settle with Aunt C - I am veryobliged to Bess for getting my feathers so nicely done - I Hope the box wentsafe yesterday by the Mail coach & that Bess saw by my note that we werenot in fault about the boxman - I will take care of your box - Honora had got asick head ache - Give my love to Bess & Anne & the Hans - I am sorry Ihad nothing to make this more entertaining adieu you are most truly dear to


Wm is always at his maps - all day & much of the evening- he thinks Caroline a fool & he says she dropp'd her handkerchief onpurpose I am very glad you like Brydone

My dear child I will write as soon as I can again I love youwith all my heart

We have heard nothing yet of the stray box - The Aunts havenot been told & have not express'd any impatience Thank you dear for yourletter write soon again - all here sends loads of love - Your letter waswritten remarkably well - how I long to see you my dear child

3 December



[addressed to

Miss Browne

31 Merrion Street


78-008/1/5 #71

14 Feby 1813 HB

My dear Fanny: I hope the delay of a couple of days inanswering your call for money did not signify: I enclose you a draft onLaTouche for fourteen pound - of which you are to pay seven pounds to MaryMurray - six pounds to Kearns & keep one pound on account for yourself. Idare say Miss Thompson will give you notes for it. When you pay Mary, make hersign the following receipt, which you must write a fair & distinctly on aproper stamp.

Whereas Mrs Mary Waller late of Merrion Street in the Cityof Dublin deceased, did by her last will bequeath to Mary Murray the sum ofnine pounds two shillings, & whereas the said Mary Murray has sinceintermaried with Luke Poole - now we Luke Poole & Mary Murray Poole doacknowledge to have received the said legacy of nine pounds two shillingstogether with eleven shillings more being the amount of interest of the same,due this 1st day of February 1913

Luke Poole MaryPoole

I thought I had Mrs Kearn's bill here, but I cannot find it- so I must have thrown it into my desk. It amounts I think to 6 or somesuch thing, but should be glad you Cod look for it before pay it - I want MissThompson's bill here very much, & I suppose I put it here along withthe other - I wish you could find it & send it to me by post, for there aresome articles in it I want to examine here - I threw a parcel of paper in,& I am sure you will find it & Miss Kearn's there - at the same timethat you send me Miss T's bill, send me Ellinor's account with me. She said shehad it ready when I was in town, I want to settle with my Dad about MrsDonaldson - When you pay Kearns get a receipt on a stamp & keep it till Igo to town.

I was in hopes of hearing to day that Bess & Anne werewell, & what the court was of the Arabian ball - I shall be very anxious tohear that you make a good appearance at the drawing room - don't forget yourfan - i.e. do in time, & prepare everything - I think poor Anne was goingtoo - tell Bess with my love that I hope if she gets a crimson, she will haveone rather inclining to marone, it looks so much richer at night than a simplepoor crimson - I hope she may go to the Birth night - Have you got nice whiteshoes? Do [ ] Louisa begs you willenquire from the Wallers where the Allots are now, & let her know as soonas you can.

Did Maxwell call? he says he did - has Lynch sent theparrellel ruler yet - put it & all the other parcels you have into onetight parcel& send it down by the Carrickmacross coach - (D [ ]) - but write the news that we ask for it -send them as soon as you can - we are in a great hurry for the ruler - Francisdictating "Bless your heart my dear little Bess & send to that uglyscapegrace Lynch for the Parrellel ruler of which I am in urgent want, &forward it by the Carrickmacross coach, but take care & preserve the edges.Heaven bless you"

He further begs you will send 2 ounces of Venetian red -

If you do not send the [ ]

You must send for both Mary & her husband & makethem sign in presence of you or Bess or Anne.

Mary's husband must sign the receipt as well as she - putthem in mind that I have her three pounds on acct - & now if you give hersix pound 13 shillings it will be all that is due - & give the remainingseven shillings as, she expected it to have been in the fund half a year beforeI was bound to pay interest on it. Get the Razor for the enclosed paper. Allthis house write in love to you all. Tell Anne her illustrations have beenfound. Adieu my dearest Fan


I don't send this to be franked lest it be delayed

[addressed to

Miss F Browne

31 Merrion Street


78-008/1/5 #72

Clonghill Rectory, Decr

My ever own dear Fan, I am glad to tell you that all ourInvalids are quite well & that Clon. Rec. is no longer our hospital. Now Imust tell you of as comical an adventure as ever was, that happened to us: LastMonday morning we were all sitting at breakfast when Kelly brought a parcel toUncle Sutton; this parcel contained the 1st Vol. of Madame deStael's work on Germany, & the following curious Epistle directed to theRevd Thos Sutton, & written in a beautiful Hand;

"A Gentleman who has the misfortune of being in SolitaryConfinement at the Inn at Kells since 5 oclock this morning, & islikely to remain so until Tuesday morning, without any Book except one which hebrought out with him by mistake having read it before - throws himself upon themercy of Mr Sutton for the use of one or two Latin Classics for tomorrow - Ifhe can lend him Nodes Attica or a common Virgel - he will be very muchobliged - If not then any Classic he may happen to have by him - Heapplied early in the evening to the Curate Mr Moffort - but, Mr M had not his Classicsat home & the most entertaining work he got from him is the satisfyinglife of Bishop Laud - Though it is not perhaps treating the Lady well he takesthe liberty of sending Madame de Stael as a hostage for Virgil - and will takecare to reclaim her from her captivity early on Tuesday morning - In the meantime Mr Sutton may be entertained by her company if he has not seen her lastwork" -

Inn at Kells, Sunday Evening

Well my dear after laughing heartily at our Unknown friendUncle Sutton who really had no Classic sent him "Gilpine's Dialogues"& an Essay on ancient Cookery by Mr Warren of Bath. We all took it into ourheads that he was a (Sharpie?) so Uncle S said in his note for him to leave thebook at Hammons in Kells; & he also sent back Mme de Stael; Well nextmorning another parcel & letter was brought to Uncle Sutton returning theBook & begging two more as the gentleman found he was obliged to spendanother day in Kells; this letter was a very long & extremely clever one,but still be added no name, but he says at the end of it, "I am hesitatingwhether I ought to add my name but upon reflexion I believe it better not - Iftho' sorry changes or chances of this mortal life we shall ever come intoactual contact, I shall not fail personally to thank you for the amusement ofthe day - & if we shall not meet, you, I am sure will be equally wellpleased with anonymous gratitude [ ] it were offered with the appendage of an obscure manner. Dec 17th

This was certainly not the letter of a sharpie but ofan extremely clever man so Uncle S sent him 2 more books & an invitation toDinner. You may be sure we all prayed that he might come. At 5 oclock acarriage drove up & Mr Wallace was announced, & in walked a verygentlemanly looking man about 40; He was at ease directly without seemingforward or impertinent. He said he would not have accepted Uncle S'sinvitation, only, that he thought there was too great an air of Mystery abouthim - He turned out to be the brilliant & clever Counsellor Wallace whomopinion is taken in almost every trial consequence. He has the greatest flow ofwords & the most elegant language I ever heard, & we were quite sorrywhen he went away, however he will be in the country again in a fortnight &he said he would come again. He gave Uncle S his ticket & begged he wouldcall upon him whenever he came to town.

Now Fanny on your peril dont mention this story to any onebut Bess & as it might come to his ears in time & weshould not like this at all - Love to dear Bess & Anne & ever believeme your own little Kate

I am not ungrateful to poor little C Wade now that youpraise him so highly. I am inclined to be in Harmony with him.

[addressed to

Miss Browne

31 Upper Merrion St


dated 31 Dec 1813]

78-008/1/5 #73

July 30 1816

There was something so delightful to me in the kind look yougave me as we parted my beloved Fanny, that I have thought of it a hundredtimes since with pleasure, & indeed have continually had your dear eyespictured to my thoughts and now to reward you for that look, here I am seatedat my pen & ink to indite some part of this letter the 1st bellring - I was not up as early as I ought to have been, but still you shall notbe neglected. I was in bed at ½ past eleven last night, & prudently desiredPeggy not to call me till ½ 7 - but she finding me asleep even then, left me so& I did not wake till just eight, since which I have been very busy,between chapters, marking new Hose, & mending old, & now having givenyou the satisfaction of knowing how long I slept I must go to my solitarytoilette, where no dear voice will amuse or improve me while I dress, & nokind hand will be ready to pin & assist me.

Now for some account of our doings - as soon as you droveoff my dear, I returned to my rest intending to go to sleep, but betweenthinking of you, & of all I had to do, I found my thoughts too busilyemployed to hope for sleep - at 7 then I arose & dress'd myself, rejoicingthat the morning continued fair for you - I could not read more than mychapters, as attention was not obedient - so I examined & mended clothesfor the wash - considered what I had to prepare for my leaving home, gave outthe washing set about mending Nightcaps & half a dozn other things, &just got down in three minutes after the bell rang - I was very cheerful bymyself - but I found it difficult to withstand the kind greeting that Bess gaveme, & her tenderness & sympathy - however let that pass - I proposedgoing to Bott - so as Anne went to see her Aunt directly after breakfast, shefixed an hour with him - & while she was away I amused myself withaccounts, & Bess with the Freeman - When Anne returned we dress'd - &went to Bott at one - he strubb'd & scraped very gently indeed, [ ] a great deal & brush'd & scraped& all the black came off, & a good deal of the Tarter - but on two orthree of my teeth it has taken such hold by not having been scraped for so manyyears, that he cannot get it off without injury to the tooth, & without themost particular care those teeth will soon go! let that be a warning to thosewhoever they may be, who refuse to have cakes of Tartar taken off their teeth.

He says Charcoal is very injurious to the teeth & Gumms- That burn'd bread is more harmless, but totally useless & that when youuse tooth powder, you should after wetting your toothbrush wipe it,before you dip it in the powder as it is then much more effective in cleaning -mind this. I will send you some of his powder when I have a frank - When thatdisagreeable job was ended we drove off to Mrs Colvilles - both the youngladies were out visiting - Mrs C gave us a kind reception & in a short timea Tray of Strawberries Currants & Rasberries made its appearance & withcream & sugar, we made a very pleasant repast - & then came the Misses& along with them portentious clouds; & I was in twitter lest we shouldhave to go & see the Almond tree & all the seedlings - or the Turret& its prospect - However we got in without rain, & my dear bonnet safe- it was past four when we left them so it was too late to call anywhere &it rained heavily the whole way home & I found that tho' we had had so finea day it had been continually raining here - Anne had had a visit from Rogers whobrought her the letters - she says two of them are evidently forgeriesshe thinks - the others are more doubtful - I am very sorry I did not see them- She saw Miss Nugent yesterday & had from her that Miss C is very angry atthe course being delayed, & says "We were ready enough for a compromiselast spring & she would not make one, but now indeed she wants one herself"How Miss C heard that Anne wishes for one now, we can't quite guess, unless itis that Mr Jebb has been speaking to Meredyth - but Jebb is both unsatisfactory& unkind not to write at all to Anne

As soon as we put our bunches of roses in water, we went toour dinner, missing you at every moment - & hurried upstairs to put ourfeet almost into the fire - But the sun came & the evening grew fine &Bess & I went with a book to Bess McC & found her & Mary & thetwo boys alone, & brought them to tea - we were very pleasant - Cornelius& James played chess - I mended my old Night cap & the rest talked -They went away at ½ past ten & the moment the clock struck eleven we allwent off - Now you have the whole history of our Maneuvres for yesterday -excepting, that Bess proposes that we should put off going to Gaybrook in hopesof having Anne with us, & this I think a very good measure - & that aletter from Mrs Stewart to Catherine came for which I paid 9d & wh Bessopen'd - & she will act accordingly - I want to know my duck, whether yougot a pair of silk stockings from Miss Underwood, besides the pair I made youget in April, & which are in my account - dont forget to answer this

Wedy. I wrote so far yesterday standing with my face to thewall after breakfast - while the ladies were at their studies or their writingsupstairs - then I went to the garden & cut with an unsparing hand at thetea tree - then began a letter to Bell - & prepared to go out - whenbonneted & just going, in came Miss Walker to tell that she has nearlyagreed for a very nice house in Upper Mount St then Mrs Pendleton & MrsWarren came languished here for a time - at last Bess & I set off - I paidmy bill at Moores - we met the J O'Beirnes & heard that Mrs O'B has had aletter from the A D he thinks Kate better but from all he says, Mrs O'B thinkshe cannot be really better - Mr Austen is come over & gives a very badaccount of her - I left Bess then to walk in the Lawn & I finished myletter to Bell - as soon as dinner was done, Bess & I ran off to the Sack'shouse that I might give an account of the Garden & of Beau - When my letterwas sealed, we set out to walk, & went by the Canal to Charlesmont St toinvite a person who has a circulating library, to buy the books. When we camehome Anne found a note from Rogers - saying that he had made Mr Foster againexamine the letters, but that Mr F remained steady to his opinion, Rogers addsthat as he supposes Anne will not proceed with the suit against Fostersopinion, he [ ] his services to makeproposals of Compromise to [ ] - so Annewill employ him, as it will be more expedient than my father - I had a notefrom Mrs E who had a very [ ] passage -she went on board at 7 - sailed at ½ past eleven & landed at [ ] was not as violently sick as usual - thepacket very full - The Rochforts & Miss Burgh & I forget who else - shesaid a great deal of sorrow for the asperity with which she had spoken of myfriend & is very angry with herself & begs me to forgive her

Last night we had a strawberry feast - Bess slept ill butdid not cough - I have been very busy all the morning rummaging the closet& my old Clothes - & I found Mrs Palmer's note lying and Sneyds oldnotes! - I have just heard from E town - Mr E has been getting better eversince the day Mr Strutt went there, when he was so very ill, & he was ableto go to the Assises both Monday & Tuesday & go through all the usual fatiguewithout being at all the worse.

They like all their goods & Honora thanks you for theMusic book & likes that other lace of all things. Bess has a letter from myMama. They are very well & hearty - they slept first at Marlborough, nextat Johnstown, next at Cahir had tolerable weather - but on the Rock of Cashelwere soused by a heavy shower & obliged to move to a Cabin - I imagine theywere disappointed in that, for she does not say how they like it - Horse &carriage performed admirably till within a few yards of the inn at Cork, whenthe Spring broke. Wms horses met them there, & they found all well &hearty - The children a charming set - Emma thinks the maid will answer verywell - I forgot to tell you they stopped to see Haywood, & Abeleix &were delighted with the latter, where the finest large spreading oaks they eversaw - & the house beautiful, & very handsomely furnished - I had a notefrom Aunt Rachel yesterday, including one for the penny post - & hoping youfine weather &c &c I shall write to her when you letter comes - oh howI long for tomorrow's post - when the letters came today, Ellinor came runningup to know if we had heard from you.

We have been rejoicing in the weather for you - but I amvery uneasy my dearest lest you should have damped your feet or walked too latein the damp at Dundalk - & pray take care of yourself, & pray tell mehow you are, & if All goes well for indeed dear I am a littleanxious about you - I hope you are not at all flustered & frightened, butthat you take things quite easy - Do not be very anxious about being like ornot - but take care to be at ease, which always marks the gentlewoman - "Fanny"act from your own judgement & observation - & do not put yourself underany one's directions, & do not be influenced by any one further thanyour Judgement points out

Pray be very particular in your accounts of all you do &see & hear as we shall be interested in every thing - Consider if there isany thing you want for I shall send something that you forgot, by the Cook -& any thing you like can go in the parcel - Had you not better have youryellow walking shoes? do you want brown ribbon? Apropos to Cook - June Rochecall'd yesterday to say that her husband is come to town so ill she cannotleave him - Bess told her that Mrs Stewart did not wish to have her for tendays - so if her husband gets better, she will go, & if he does not shecannot leave him, but she says she knows a very excellent Cook whom she canrecommend & who understands the Country business perfectly - so if Mrs.Stewart approves Bess will see her if Mr Roche continue indisposed - answerthis when you next write.

Now I have told you every thing in life but that Bess readout some papers in the world last night - & that at this moment Rogers issetting with Anne - & that Bess sends very kind love to you & willwrite to you very soon.

Susan or Catharine carried off Mary Sutton's nail brush.Edwd Palmer came here yesterday for it & the box - & says that theSuttons got no rain at all the day they went to Montpelier - Adieu my dearestFanny Evermore your affectionate & faithful friend

H Beaufort

Mrs Thos Wade has a son & was ill only 2 hours - MariaGerrard is gone to Mrs Smyth - We are to dine on Friday at Wm Thompson to meetthe Rynds & good Music

At Woods acct wh I have not paid till you tell if it isright - then I will with pleasure

Black book 6-6

Melodies No 1 2-6

" 8 2-6

" 11 2-6

Passurl 2-6

Gelench 2-6

Book 7-6

Bess never wakened when you were going, & Anne scarcelyheard a stir in the House - I fear I gave you the wrong gloves - I found yourpencil & another pair on the table after you were gone

[Addressed to

Miss F Browne

at John Stewart's Esqr

Wilmont Lisburne]

78-008/1/5 #74

Octr 3 1818

My dear Fanny

I believe it never happened before in my life that I wasglad not to have heard from you - but as you said you would write very soon ifmy dear little A M grew better again: I have flattered myself that she has gotover that fit of teething & is herself once more; however now that ten dayshave passed & no second letter - I begin to be anxious & uneasy &to have some fears that she has been too ill for you to write - or be away fromher for a moment - & I beg my dear Fanny you will ask Mrs Steward or Mrs Hannaor any one, to write a few lines to tell me of the poor dear little child - ifshe has the measles I trust it is a favourable kind & if she is in anydanger, I hope my dear Fanny that God will mercifully support you to bear whatever misfortune it is his will toinflict - the trials that He sends us in this life are sometimes bitter but aswe resign ourselves with humble resignation to him he enables us to bear them -& to become purified & more deserving of his favor, by having passedthrough them. But I hope this is all misplaced & that while you are readingit, you are still rejoicing in your beloved little baby. I suppose Louisa toldyou in her letter, that I was in town where I went on a sudden with my father& Wm who had business there - & wanted me to take care of them - If Ihad thought that I should be three whole days in town I would have written toask if I could do any thing for you - I am thinking of going to poor Moore'sshop to say something about your affairs - but the shop is still shut - it ishowever to be kept till all the goods on hand are sold. The weather was butindifferent while I was in town - so that when I had business I was obliged togo out in the carriage with the gentlemen, which left me a great deal of time -but I was able to see the Hamiltons twice - & the poor Sneyd Es every day -The Hams are all well & enquired very affectionately for you - the H Hs& Mary were then at Rosstrevor on their way home - & have had a mostdelightful tour - & have seen still more than they expected - they did notgo farther north than Inverness - The only relique of Macbeth that they found,was Birnam wood which still exists & though it was raining when they werepassing it - Mary would get out & cut some branches to bring to the worthyof such gifts - They saw Lord Breadalbane's magnificent castle - Tatworth - Ithink - where every thing is on the grandest stile - there is one Grate whichwith its appurtenences (not includingchimney piece) cost Ł 7000

Scotland reminds me of the new tales of my Landlord - I hopeyou will soon have them - for I assure you they, or rather it is veryinteresting - & very amusing - tho' in many parts very tiresome & long- but the characters are extremely well kept up - & well drawn - & theinterest of the book full as great as the former tales; we are reading it now -& very well for us that we have it - as my Dad went away on Wedy & willnot be back till Wedy or Thursday next - He is gone with Mr Barry to Clonfort,to be inducted with the Sinecure of Kilconnel which is one part of what Mr B isto give in exchange - The other, which is a non cure in Ossony is not yet shownto be equal to my father's expectations - so that the exchange is not completed- but Mr B having resigned the Sinecure, he said it was necessary for him totake it without delay - & that if the Exchange was not made to hissatisfaction, he should not be required afterward to resign Kilconnel - I amuneasy it has been on so long an expedition without some of us with him, &I feel more anxious than I can tell you for his return. He consulted Dr Cheynein Dublin, who I am sorry to tell you said decidedly that his complaint is theAngina Pectoris - but alas a complaint such as that, which may end suddenly,& for which there is no cure, is one of constant anxiety - He thoroughlyadvised him to persevere steadily in drinking no wine & eating verymoderately

Louisa asked Dr Blackwell a heap of foolish questions aboutme - & he has ordered me a most horrid mess of Hops & Chamomile - withMuriate of Iron, Ammonia & Cayenne pepper added to it - it is just likeswallowing Hartshorn first - & then the pepper burning remains in my mouth& throat for hours - pray pity me - I am to take it 3 times a day - &after all I have the greatest suspicion that Louisa in describing what shethinks the weakness of my stomach, just went according to a little fancifulsystem she has about me - & when I saw the Dr he asked me so few questions& seemed to mind so little what I said of myself, that I don't believe heknows one bit about me - He does not think poor Robert's case entirely hopeless- & has struck out a new plan, & more of treatment - different from anyhe has het had which perhaps may be of use. William got home on Friday eveninglast - & we have heard twice since he does not mention Robert.

All our last accounts of poor Wm E have been but veryindifferent - the last paroxysm of violence has continued a long time - &the principal changes now are from violence to calmness - but not I believe tothe livid intervals which he had some time ago [ ] talk of sending him a way - but not to DrJackson as I wished or to any experienced skilful person accustomed to the careof such invalids - but to a home they think of taking for him near Balllymahon,that he may be near Dr Gardner - This I think a most mistaken plan - and I hopethey will yet change the plan - & have the sense to see the longer theydelay sending him to the most skilful, they more they confirm the disease -When you write to Honora, say but little about him - She & Maria seem to goon very happily at Borwood - & weall rejoice that they are in England, & hope that their friends will keepthem from one visit to another, the whole winter - They will leave Bowood nextweek I believe - & go to Lady Romilly - & in November they will returnto Borwood for the purpose of meeting Dugald Stewart & Mrs S - who arecoming there from Scotland - Sneyd has been very thin & nervous &delicate - but is better - & I trust will soon be quite well - Mrs E looksmiserbly, she has been so anxious about him - Lucy very blooming & well -All love & enquire for you I dont think I will go to Allenstown now at allfor Bess will soon begin to think of going to Dublin & it will not be worthmy going to Allenstown for so short a time - so I am thinking of meeting themin Navan on their way - or of going at once to town from this - I should liketo be there before my people go - I suppose that will be in a few weeks now - Isuppose you know that Mrs Waller has not been well & is to come to MerrionStreet to have advice, which I am very glad of - & that Maria is to staywith us to have some Musical instruction - Do you know anything of a MrMcCreight curate of Bambride he is going to marry Bess Foster - has Ł700 a year & will have Ł300 more - & settles Ł300 ayear on her - I hear he is very pleasing & handsome & they are allpleased at it - tho' the Countess de Salle says, if he had asked her forLetitia, she would have desired him to walk out of the room

The Clock has struck & the bell has mumbled - so I haveno time to look at your last letter - to answer various things in it nor totell you how much I enjoy your present happy situation - Pray write a few linesor make Mrs Hanna - Give my love to T A S - My ma & Lou send you 1000 loves& I am ever dearest Fanny your own H B

on the 1st my father died near 79

[Addressed to

Mrs J Stewart

Lakefield Lisburn

J Ferbr Lisburn

Collon october three


78-008/1/5 #75

Dec 7th (1818)

My dearest Fanny

If I had not misunderstood Bess & imagined she hadwritten to you more lately than I afterwards found was the case, I shouldwithout any delay have answered your letter, & let you know that early lastweek, a letter from Maria Mayne informed us, that the Physician had pronouncedmy Uncle Mayne out of danger & had hoped of his speedy recover. What awonderful man he is to rally in this manner; My Aunt Mayne is pretty well -William & his family have been settled for some time in the Inn of Bangor,& Sally Mayne arrived on a visit, during my Uncle Mayne's illness - Isuppose he has been since going on well, or we should have heard of it.

I am sure your parting with Nurse must have been verypainful - she has certainly done great justice to Anna Maria, & such anexperienced good woman, must be a great loss for you. I am sorry she has notbeen better replaced & also that A M is to sleep in your arms, I fear itwill cause your getting up at night & catching cold.

I am sure you missed the gala at Lord D V W I hope you willsoon return Lady Ds visit - as she left a ticket for you at Wilmont you are aptto do so & make it known to her that your home is now at Lakefield - if youdo not make some little exertion yourself, you will lose her acquaintanceentirely which would be a great pity - The [ ] Duke was no great sight to be seen, & in that respect you had nogreat loss - I was so fortunate, as to come by chance, for a very close view ofHis Serene Highness in the Library at L[ ] House - He is a middle sized middle aged man - of a thin spare figure& a dark sallow complexion - with a high nose & black hair - He had ona plain blue great coat & there was nothing to mark him out from any otherman, but his foreign appearance - He looked civil & gracious to those whospoke to him - He and his suite came in two Quin Bray coaches - without anychill - except that he was escorted by six dragoons; I am sure had he lookedmuch better at the concert on Saturday evening - where he appeared with all hisClass & orders - There was almost excellent selection of sacred music - allthe musical people & the Choir joined their forces - & Miss Stephenssang uncommonly well - besides sacred music - she sang Sweet Bird & Donald- by particular chance - If she goes to Belfast I hope you will hear her as shehas one of the sweetest & clearest voices ever heard; Bess & I intendedto have gone to this concert but she caught cold the day or two before &had [ ] so much in her head that wethought it best to give the matter up - She is now much better - but I think wedid the wise thing - indeed we might not have got places, for it was greatlycrowded - many stood all night - some fainted & some could not get in at all -

I suppose Harriet has given a full account of Mrs Bright'swedding - her sister Letitia was married a few evenings after - Mrs ShirleyHamilton who was there told Lady Staples there was a great deal of crying at itnot by the bride who was very gay & hearty but Mrs Leslie Forbes was infloods of tears - who the other criers were I don't know but Mrs Shirley herselfI guess - as I don't think she is in that stile - The Provost tied the Knot -all very grand - who the bridesmaids were or if any I cannot say but there wasneither cake, ribbons or gloves & [ ] on such shabby doings I say - The bridal pair went home to their ownhouse that evening - which is one of the small houses at Mr Hamilton's sidenear the Mount St end of Merrion Square - Mr North's ambition is to get intoParliament but how his & his brother in law's politics will agree is thething being of opposite sides of the gutter - Mr North is a great oppositionman- Letitia told the Hamiltons she was marrying a Whig -

78-008/1/5 #76

[to Francis Browne, April 1811;

no transcription]

78-008/1/5 #77

[to Francis Browne, 1813;

no transcription]

78-008/1/5 #78

[to Fanny, April 14, 1814;

no transcription]

78-008/1/5 #79

[Miss Beaufort;

no transcription]

78-008/1/5 #80

[to Francis Browne, March 26, 1811;

no transcription]

78-008/1/5 #81

[December 28, 1816;

no transcript]

78-008/1/5 #82

[to Francis Stewart, Lakefield, Lisburn, from HB;

no transcription]

78-008/1/5 #83

[to Thos Alexander Stewart, Esq., Wilmont;

no transcription]

78-008/1/5 #84

May 20th

My dearest Fanny

I fully intended to write to you yesterday - but I afterwardfound it impossible my time was so engaged - & now I think it is betterthat I did not do so - as I trust that I shall have it in my power before Iclose this - to tell you that our dearly beloved Harriet has arrived safely sofar as Cork on her melancholly journey - the note which she left for you has Isuppose told you that an account that from Louisa of a sudden & desparateattack of the heart pain in her poor father determined her to set off in nextmornings Mail - I had been serving my turn at the School & little thinkingwas passing at home took a turn or two in Scinter Lawn on Friday last - torefresh myself - when I returned poor dear Harriet met me on the stairs &gave me Louisa's letter from which indeed I saw there was little to hope -& Harriet told me she had determined to go - had taken her place in thecoach & had written to Upton to let them know her intentions - so there wasnothing for me to say - & yet poor Harriet's own mind was in a pitiablestate of indecision whether it was better or not - whether they might not morewish her to stay here & get to Collon if necessary on the other hand if hestill lived the loss of a day might prevent her ever seeing him again - so thatreally it was impossible to advise - if she remained till after post hour nextday she could not go till the morning after - because had she gone in theevening Mail - she would have arrived in Cork at night - miserably in all passthat day - Harriet had made an engagement to call on old Mrs Stewart to hearthe result of a conversation she had with Mr Wilkins - it was impossible forher to do so - so I went to Harcourt St in the evening - Mrs Stewart told methat Mr Wilkins saw great difficulties in raising money on the securityproposed by Tom - I suppose she has told you all that was said more fully thanI can do - & that Mr Wilkins said - might not some place be procured forTom - if all his friends - & all his wife's friends were to join theirinterest together - & Mr Wilkins said all these difficulties coming in theway seemed as if it was not the will of providence that the plan should takeplace - & Mrs Stewart said she thought if Harriet was to write to you &suggest if a civil employment could be procured for Tom that it might bebetter than the plans of emigration - it seemed as if poor dear Mrs Stewart hadjust formed the idea for the first time - I told her that many had been theletters & strong had been the arguments used by your friends to doanything in this country rather than go to Canada & that thosearguments only ceased on finding the plans irrevocably fixed in Tom's mind -That we were all of opinions it would be better to stay in this country &tho' at present we did not know of every interest by which an employmentcould be procured - yet it would be well if Tom would consider seriously whatbusiness he could engage in- without injury to his health - & then trywhether such an employment could be procured for him by any of his friends -she said Mr Mathias had refused some person to ask a favour of Lord Roden [ ] to keep all the interest he had for Tom- hedid not indeed know whether Lord Roden had much in his power - or whether Tomwould accept of anything that would break his engagement to Mr Reid to whom heconsidered himself bound - & indeed with reason, as no one could have actedin a more kind & generous manner than Mr Reid had done - but this she wouldsay, that Mr Reid was a person quite calculated to shift for himself & hisfamily I have briefly given you the substance of what passed - I cannot but hopethe delay, which has arisen - may induce a change of plan - & I do stronglywish Tom would consider if something might be done in some other way - Toprevent this emigration intirely - I cannot do more than think on what I wishto say - for indeed my mind is in a state of great uneasiness -

Poor dear Bess - thinking that nothing she could say wouldprevent Harriet's going intirely - did not agitate her by trying to dissuadeher & she went to bed in the idea she was determined to go - she says sheslept a little - poor Bess did sleep better than I expected - but sleep nevervisited my eyes, very early in the morning I went to Harriet & found hermore irresolute than the night before - that is almost resolving to stay tillafter the post came in - as she said at all events she could go the next day -& as the coach office people would not let her change the day - it seemedbetter she should pursue her original plan - So after much misery this plan wasdecided on - from the possibility she might find him yet alive - neverdid I pass more sincere blessings not knowing what to advise - Sophy E and Iwalked with her to the Coach office - & I own I wished that she might havebeen too late - from the hope the next days letter might have absolutelyforbidden her to go - and I hardly think I ever experienced a greater pang thanwhen I saw her step into the Coach - it carried six and there was just room forher 2 women & 3 men - one of the latter looked like a gentleman - & inmy desperation I said "Sir, you could never do a greater act of humanity thantaking care of that young lady for she is not well" - The man stared but saidhe would do so - So there she was, with a set of strangers, poor littledelicate creature - in such a miserable state of mind - & with such a shockingprospect before her -

I hurried back to poor Bess - who cried a great deal - asyou may well believe most miserable about her anxiety - The post brought aletter from Louisa which I opened - confirmed the sad news we expected - Theangina Terminated by Paralytic Stroke. His last hours were quite free from pain- & at eight oclock on thursday morning he breathed his last sigh - &his spirit returned to God who gave it - his weeping wife & daughter hadthe sad consolation of administering to his comfort while he lived - & ofwatching by his remains after he died - His affectionate son closed his eyes -those eyes that had so often beamed with love & benevolence on them all -his wife & daughter soothed their minds by prayer - and in the recollectionsof his character & principles - & firm trust in the mercy & meritsof their Saviour & God - they were enabled to hear this bitter separationin this world with resignation in the hope & belief they will meet never topart again - in another & a better world -

Louisa had calmness enough to give to Aunt a distinctaccount of the progress & termination of the illness - I shall briefly say-that a Physician from Cork - who was sent for - gave them the first only "thehope there is while life remains" - He put as blisters & Calaplasma on thefeet - which at first seemed to give him pain, but the pain ceased some &the blisters did not rise - Dr Calahan (the physician) was very good natured& tender to them all - He says that Paralysis of the brain - is a veryfrequent termination of Angina - I am sure my dear Fanny you will feel muchwhen you hear that this dear & kind friend is no more - a more benevolentheart never existed - He was the friend of the poor & ready with assistanceto all who wanted far beyond his power - Sad it is to think the last years ofhis life were years of discomfort & anxiety - and indeed when we reflecthow little chance there ever was, of his affairs being extricated - He isprobably spared from much misery that protracted life might produce - What my poor Aunts & Louisas situation may beGod only knows - we have been careful not to mention his health to any one - asI fear his creditors will fall on all the property he had - but it must beimmediately known now Louisa said that Wm would be obliged to go to Collon& that her mother greatly wished to go with him & take a last leave ofall she loved so much - This Louisa dreaded for her - but my Aunt said it wdpacify her - in a few days we shall know more - tomorrow I only expect to hearfrom Cork as Harriet promised to write as she passed there, poor dear after allher fatigues to hear miserable news at the end of her journey! - my heartbleeds for her - Dear Bess slept well last night but was miserably low thismorning - She can not be expected to be otherwise till we hear from Harriet -then she will be much better - Honora Edgeworth who went to Black Castle onFriday with William will be here on Monday & Sophy who was to have gonethere on Tuesday will remain a little time here, poor little soul, she isanxious to all she can - doleful must it be for her - but I am glad to have herespecially on Honora's account who tho' she has a most willing mind, has soweak a frame, that I could not be at ease to leave her to herself & devotemyself to poor dear Bess as I must do - Now they will be companions to eachother & tho' there are others who would be more useful & I would ratherhave - & I think it is much better to have them here at present than not -I have prevailed on Bess to take the air both yesterday & this day & ithas been of use to her.

[Written in pencil under date: Uncle Beaufort's death 1822]

78-008/1/6 #85

26 April 1822

My very dear Honora

I have been for some weeks past intending to write to you -but I thought it better to wait till your mind was a little calmed - I dont mydear friend attempt to offer you consolation - for I know how vain humerousconsolation is under so severe a loss as you have felt - but if sympathy cansoothe your pain - to that of your dear Aunt Mary you have it most sincerelyfrom me - Alas! this Sympathy is all I can offer - But it is warm and from myheart - Who that knew her could help feeling poignant grief at losing a friendso valued so respected - but how must your beloved Aunt Mary feel - I hear withadmiration and pleasure that you are beginning to return to your formerpursuits - and dear Mrs May Sneyds exertions are most astonishing and admirable& prove that age is not an excuse for apathy, even in the greatest trials& afflictions -

I received your last letter a few days ago - which had comeround by Mary - I ought not to say round - but I mean that it was delayed bybeing I suppose sent to Mary by a private hand - Thank you for it my dearHonora - it was excellent kind of you to write to me - at such a time - whenevery thought & every moment must have been engaged on the one dear object- I do hope my dear friends all. but in particular Dear Aunt Mary &you may not now feel the effects of the fatigue both bodily & mental whichyou have suffered for such a length of time - it is always when the time isover that one feels the effects - for the actual exertion is nothing when thepresent necessity for it makes one strain every nerve for the one end - thelessening the pain or contributing to the comfort of the sufferer - but why soI go over exactly what you already feel & know too well - why open afreshall your wounds - & renew your sorrow - indeed it can not do any goodexcept shewing that I know what you must feel & participate in your sorrow- I am glad to hear that poor Lucy suffers less pain & has rather enjoymentthan she had some months ago but what a long & severe trial of patience shehas had - & what a fine example of patient & sweet tempered resignationshe is - What a contrast there has been between the manner in which your winterhas been spent & the English division of your party - & what a trialfor your Mother watching poor Lucys hopeless sate - I mean by hopeless - thelong time she may yet be obliged to be before she can have strength to rise buthow greatly her very sweet temper must lessen her own pain that of hersurrounding friends - We are now emerged in to the bustle of preparations forour departure which probably will take place about the middle of May - and youmay suppose that all our ideas are in requisition to know what will be the mostnecessary provisions as to food & clothing for so large a party &driving so long a passage - for I may call our progress up the river & lakeOntario, apart of our voyage or passage - We have 19 individuals belonging toour own party, besides a family of six who are going along with us - this isthe family of a sort of Groom & labourer who have lived with Mr Reid forabove twenty years & who has actually saved enough of money within the lasttwo years to enable him now to accompany his dear Master without being onShilling expense to us - his wife was housemaid here & they have 4 finelittle children - he says he could not live here after his master had left thisplace - Our party consists of 4 parents 12 children & 3 servants -one a young man & two Girls for women servants - grown up,are very useless & unprofitable in America - as they require imense wages& do little or no work - I am enjoying the unusual fineness of thisday from the hope that dear Aunt Bess is out driving - I am most excessivelyanxious on her account as well as Hariets that they soon go to some pleasantplace in the country to amuse their minds & revive their spirits - for Ithink nothing will do them so much good and now my dear Honora I must beg youwill give my most affectionate love to all my dear friends - at home &abroad, if they care for me - & can believe me your most affectionatefriend

F Stewart

[Post marked


Ap 28


Addressed to

Miss Honora Edgworth


78-008/1/6 #86

Hill Head April 29, 1822

My dear Fanny

Unwillingly I must say it will not be in My power to see youbefore you leave our native country - I have turned it over & over in Mymind but the more I consider the more I see it impossible for me to accomplisha visit - if it had been further in May it would have been less difficult Ioften wander in thought with you both in past present & future & couldalmost wish we were not to be seperated - but what we were all to be of thesame party steering our course to the same Country - but as this cannot be thecase with regard to this world - I hope we shall be looking forward to meetingin a better

you may learn a very profitable lesson from yourpreparations for America - you have no doubt read every author & conversedwith every one that cou'd give you any instructions & you have askedaccordingly in supplying yourself with every necessary which is all lawful& right for if you went without those preparations you must necessarlyperish - you are young My dear Fanny, but be as diligent in preparating to meetyour God; What were we brought into this world but to fit us for a better &believe me it requires all dilligence & although very unfaithful Myself Ifeel it necessary to be often put in mind of death & Judgement & to putothers in mind likewise that time is quickly passing & that we shall soonbe called to these scenes - be faithfull one with another- & exhort oneanother to consider these things & prize highly the benefit of privateprayer where you can open your mind to your dear Saviour who will give you aGodly Sorrow & repentance & let you feel his love in your heart -nothing can equal these blessings which every sincere Christian [ ] in there Soul - I may ask [ ] to meet me in prayer at twelve oclock everyday even for a month - it will give me much pleasure to think that we are bothat the same time at a throne of Grace - My exhortations are as much for Tom asfor you - you are both very dear to me & I feel much at our seperation giveMy most affectionate love to him May the Lord bless you all & your DearChildren in which prayer Mr Fowlis joins me & believe me Yrs sincerely

M Fowlis

Samuel Anna & James best love to their Uncle Aunt &Cousins I have written in a hurry for Blaney M from whom I had a letteryesterday says you go immediately

Dear Maria I would have written to you on a seperate sheetof paper but considering the expense of postage I send these few lines toexpress my sorrow at not being able to see you, & to beg you to live nearGod May every change put us in mind of fleeting time which is hurrying us on toour great & eternal change the contents of My letter to Fanny is to give mylove to Mr Reid & all your Children - believe me Dr Maria Yrs truly MFowlis

[stamped Apr 1822

addressed to

Mrs Thoms Stewart

White Abbey

near Belfast


written in pencil

Aunt Fowlis

April 1822]

78-008/1/6 #87

14 May 22

My Dr Children

as I have an opertunity to Send this Down I Cannot let itpass without writing a few lines to you, a Gentleman was here the other day hesays, it you are not very Carfull that the Capton has sufficent provition laydin for the Passengers that he engages to furnish with provitions - they willlive on you as you cannot See them Starve, & it is a very Constant prackticwith those who ought to Lay in Sufficent depending on the passenger who lay intheir own - did you receive a Letter From the Clergymen that I wrote to youabout, & that Mr T Singer Spoke to you about - I hope he has not drawn back- when here he seemed in ernest about it & that very warm - Miss Beaufortcald here Some days ago She says Mrs Waller is better Mrs & Miss Sutton washere & all well - Do not know whether B-ham is yet Married & he hasforbit Anna from Coming here - John has got Wilkins to draw up the Statement ofStrand Millis to lay it before Counsell - but it is not to be Spoken off - butI have not hear whether he has got his opinion or not - Poor John my heartbleed for him yet he is the Cause of your goin to leave your native Country - Ihave just received a Note from Miss Beauford Saying you are well & purposeto leave this 20th - God of his Infinate Mercy be with you all My D- Dr Children; tho we Shall never meet this Sid the Grave - I trust in hisMercy, we Shall in Heaven - O my beloved Children for Get Not your God - forgetNot your Poor Old Mother Write to me when you go, write to me on your pasagethat you May have a Packet to Send on your arrival, let all that can write SaySomething to Me - I hope I May be spared to hear of your Safe arrival & ifhis mercifull Goodness will Spear Me to hear of your being Little in acomfortable Situation I hope you will Call it Wilmont - if you Should meet avessel at Sea you Might have a Packet to Send provided it was Common where SentSafe - I Must conclude with every wish for your Eternal happiness is the wishof your ever affet Mother

A Stewart

15 May 22

My very dear Frances and Maria had not my mind been kept onthe streach about the state of my poor little Sarahs state of health you shouldhave heard from me long since she is still in a very doubtful situation fromthe disease in her foot the surgeons have proposed amputation should it pleasethe Lord to save her poor little foot [ ] be a great mercy, in her current [ ] be a double tryal - but under every dispensation of his wiseprovidence may we say thy will be done - my very dear sisters we may never meetin this state of probation but Oh may we have a joyful meeting in that worldwhere Christ receives the redeemed who have fled to him for refuge and laidhold on him as their only hope Oh my dear dear sisters remember me in yourprayers and may our gracious Lord bless you all and preserve in all your waysand make you to see his love to you and your dear little ones and bring yousafe to your journeys end

how much will we all long to hear from you that you are safe

farewell and believe me forever your attracted

Sister W Hanna

[addressed to

T A & Fanny Stewart

White Abbey]

78-008/1/6 #88

[plus a variant extract tied with a ribbon: 78-008/1/6 #88b]

Journal Sept 1822

On Saturday morning June 1st our familyaccompanied by some of the little Reids & our dear sister Mitchell leftWhite Abbey in the Barge, accompanied by our kind friend Mr Quin -

We soon reached the Brig George, which was at anchor nearlyopposite to White Abbey - & which was to convey us to Quebec.

About two hours after we had come on board Capt. Thompsonarrived, & gave orders for sailing immediately - this gave us someuneasiness - as not expecting to sail till the next day - Mr Reid had gone toBelfast - & had not yet joined us -

At 1 o'clock we set sail - it was a charming day - theCavehill, & the shores on both sides of the Lough looked more lovely thanever - After we had proceeded beyond Carichfergus we saw Mr Quinn's boatfollowing us & gaining on us rapidly - which set our minds at ease about MrReid - but a sad trial awaited us - for the same boat which brought him, was toconvey back our dear friends the Mitchells Alexr Wilson & Mrs Quinn - aswell as several other people who had accompanied us so far on our voyage.

2d June Sunday - A fine day - After breakfast not being sickI went on deck - I saw the fine Northern coast of dear Ireland in beautifulblue distance & the Island of Rathlin - but I was soon obliged to shut myeyes - as the motion of the vessel, tho' very smooth made my head giddy &gave me violent pains in my eyes - we all went to bed about 9 - but in themiddle of the night a great swell came on & such a roll that I couldscarcely keep from tumbling over my little bedfellow Bessy -

About 2 o'clock in the morning the carpenter came into putin the dead lights - & just then the vessel gave such a roll that all ourtrunks, boxes & baskets came sliding down to the leeside of the vessel -towards morning the swell abated a little & after breakfast I went on deck- to see the last view of dear Ireland. It was a grey dull morning but Iwatched the last glimpse of land as long as I could see it -

Tuesday 4th June. We met a Balbriggan fishingboat - by which T A S sent a letter to Mr Black

Wednesday Thursday & Friday were fine days - We sawnumbers of Birds called Mother Careys chickens - also sea gulls - These birdsare never seen very distant from land at this season -

It is about the size of a swallow & in its generalappearance is not unlike that bird - In June & July it comes near the rockyshores to breed but at all other times keeps far out at sea - Multitudes ofthem are seen all over the vast Atlantic Ocean - especially before stormyweather - They often skim with incredible velocity along the hollows of thewaves & sometimes at the summits - braving the utmost fury of the waves& tempests -

The inhabitants of the [ ] Isles - draw a wick through the body of the bird which is by theprocess - so covered with grease as to burn when lighted like a candle - &serving the purpose of one.

Tuesday 11th Cold and dark but a nice steadybreeze.

Wednesday 12th June at 5 oclock a fine handsomevessel passed near us "we spoke her" - & found it was a Glasgow ship,called the Trelawney -

On the evening of this day we saw a large fish following ourship - some said it was a shark - at last it made a bound out of the water& rose several feet - so that its whole form could be seen & they saidit was a Sunfish -

From this time till 7 July nothing new occured - we sawseveral seabirds called shearwaters or Cutwaters - & numbers of Porpoises -we always observed that these Porpoises appeared in numbers before a breezecame on - Some nights the sea was illuminated with Phosphorous - which was verybeautiful - On fine days we sat on deck most of the mornings & in theevening the sailors danced

Whilst we were passing the Banks of Newfoundland thick fogsprevailed & the weather was very cold - & it became tormentinglycalm -

7th July we heard the welcome news that land wasseen - 5 weeks after our departure from Ireland - it proved to be part of theSouthern coast of Newfoundland - in a few days we saw two fine headlands ofCape Breton & Cape Rage & passed between them just at sunset. All thisweek we proceeded slowly up the Gulph of St. Lawrence - the weather remarkablepleasant & fine - but too calm for sailing - Several of the people amusedthemselves in fishing - & caught some fine mackeral & codlings & 2Dogfish

The water from this time we entered the Gulph had a browncolour quite different from the fine blue of the Atlantic

On the 7 July a thick fog came on about noon - When we wentup on the deck after having prayers in the cabin we learnt that we had a narrowescape - for in the thick fog a very large vessel had nearly run us downfortunately the danger was perceived just in time to be avoided by greatexertion -

On the evening of Saturday 13th we took a Piloton board - it was a most lovely evening - & the dark purple tints ofevening on the hills on the Canadian side of the river formed a beautifulcontrast with the red tinge of the setting sun on the Nova Scotia coastopposite.

All seemed now to promise a prosperous passage to Quebec -Our Pilot said we had not yet come to Bic Island - Capt Thompson said thataccording to his calculations we had passed it -

Sunday 14th July - A fine warm morning but so thick a fogthat we could not see land on any side Capt T wished the Pilot to anchor tillhe could see whereabouts he was as there are many islands in this part of theriver & the navigation requires some skill - the pilot assured him therewas no danger as he was sure we had not yet passed Bic.

But a few hours proved he was wrong - & also too rash -for about ½ past 12 when we were all assembled in the cabin we felt a dreadfulshock & horrible sensation as if every piece of lumber in the side of thevessel was tearing out - We all ran out as fast as possible & found theship had struck a rock & was sticking fast on it - the tide was ebbing sothat nothing could be known as to the state of the vessel - nor could anythingbe done as to removing her till the tide flowed again - In the meantime all wasa scene of confusion & terror - the passengers in the hold became veryclamerous - & the Capt with difficulty prevailed on them to wait in thevessel till he could ascertain whether there was much danger -

About 1 oclock in the afternoon the fog cleared off about anhour & we found we were lying close to a small bare island with largestones all round it & reefs of rocks stretching from it like the rays of astarfish - Our ship had got in between two of these reefs in a mostextra-ordinary manner & had struck on one reef - upon which she was nowfast - and as the water became shallower we cd see the rock under the ship -The Pilot now announced this to be Red Island & said that we must havepassed Bic island long before - We saw some people on the island & heard ashot - Capt Thompson - Mr Reid & some others went off in a small boat tolearn what could be done in case we shd find the ship had been impaired - theysoon returned accompanied by 4 men in a Canoe - they were all Canadians &spoke only French but I could not understand it - it was very different fromwhat I had been accustomed to -

They had been shooting seals, which are very numerous here -These men are dark coloured with dark eyes & long noses rather handsome men- they wore mocasins a kind of shoe made of Deer skin or Calfskinwithout any sole & ties up around the ankle

When our passengers found land so near they wanted to swimor wade to shore but the Capt - prevailed on them to wait till the change oftide enabled him to find out the state of the vessel - & promised that incase of danger they should all be safely landed on the Island -

We continued in the state of suspense till the tide enabledthe ship to move a little when she was towed round the reef of rocks - &after one dreadful scrape we set sail - But as it was dark & as the tidehad again changed the Capt. thought it best to anchor till the next tide -

Next morning we set sail again & at low water ancored atGreen Island.

Monday 15th July - We all like to see everythingwe could on shore - & accordingly the smallboat was prepared for a party togo to the opposite shore part of Nova Scotia - Mr Reid Mr S & myselftogether with some others set out & soon had our feet once more on dry land- the ground along the shore was covered with white clover & blue Iriseswhich looked charmingly gay & glowing to our eyes - So long accustomed tothe sameness of the Ocean view - We saw some Indian huts or Wigwams near us& went to them - The Indians looked inquisitively at us but yet seemed towish to keep at a distance. The men were employed making Brooms the women orSquaws were making Baskets

They use little Hammocks for the Infants or Papousies- & suspend them from the roof of their huts -

We saw a path through the woods - & were tempted toexplore a little way into these great forests We had not proceeded far when wecame to a paling - beyond which was a small space of pretty open country - withrich meadows & corn & potatoes & several houses - Some in clusterslittle hamlets & some detached - All made of logs - we crossed two fields& reached the nearest house - the inhabitants were all French Canadians -the family consisted of a man & his wife & mother in law & abeautiful child about 3 years old - He was a fisherman & had a house forsmoking the fish filled with fine salmon - hung in rows along the roof. ...

The Indians make Brooms of wood - Generally a Sapling orpole of Blue beech or Basswood or any tough wood & strip off the bark thenthey tear the wood in thin stripes from one end to within a foot or so of theother end - & when they have the pole reduced by doing this & a largequantity of striped pieces they turn them down over the end of the pole so asto make a brush when lapped round with some narrow stripes of the wood -leaving the smallest & longest part of the pole for the handle of the Broom- these are very coarse but answer for sweeping floors - & may be had for atrifle from the Indians -

The Squaws make Baskets of the same tough wood cut intostripes which they weave together - & dye of different colours with thejuices of plants -

They also manufacture dishes & baskets of Birch wood& bark - & Butternut -

[Footnote on the back of a page: Stormy Pettrel or MotherCareys chickens]

78-008/1/6 #89

[to Francis Browne;

no transcription]

78-008/1/6 #90

Clonghill Rectory

To Miss Browne

Quebec 23d July 1822

Here we are at last safe and sound my dear Kate after allour escapes, but of them I have written a history to Bess and she will exchangeletters with you. We had many delays on our voyage up the St Lawrence and weamused ourselves in the intermediate time by taking a row to the South Coastwhere it just begins to be inhabited and where we saw two or three Indian Campsand a few houses here and there - Our eyes were gratified by seeing a brilliantpatch of pretty blue Iris, just on the edge of the Sandy Shore near a littleinlet of the sea water, which we used to have in our Irish flower gardens -These grew in patches all through the Trees and looked very gay and pretty; wesaw numbers of our dear old Irish weeds - Docks wild sorrel, Yarrow and manyothers - but along with these are mixed many beautiful kinds which are new tome -

But I must go on with my narrative. We arrived here about 8oclock on Sunday morning and breakfasted on fish head and fresh milk which Ithink was enjoyed more than anything. Ive ever tasted in our lives. Afterbreakfast we dressed ourselves and proceeded to walk about the streets, whichare narrow and crooked and full of rubbish and chips and shavings - The Housesare in general very good and very clean as far as I have seen there yet - Wewent to Church which is a very neat plain building, pretty large and very fullof respectible genteel looking people. We had a very good sermon from MrMountain the Bishops son - there is a good organ and a very sweet choir, somedelightful voices. After Church we walked a little more and enjoyed the lovelyviews which surround us so powerful that we could not walk long. Next morningTom had some enquiries and arrangements to make. At 12 o'clock we set out tovisit Mrs Mountain to whom Miss Wren had given us an introduction. Whilstenquiring if she was at home she walked to the Hall door, so I told her who wewere - She then shook hands in the kindest manner, and said she had almostgiven up all expectation of us. The Bishop was not at home nor the youngladies: but Mrs Mountain invited us to breakfast there this day - She is a finelooking old Lady; but nearly as deaf as Mrs Mountray. There is something abouther face that reminded both Tom and me of our dear Bess She was as kind aspossible and really seemed quite affectionate. How very much we are indebted tofriends for having introduced us to such agreeable family She asked us in themost earnest manner to tell her if there was anything she or her family coulddo for us. She promised us a Ticket of admission to see the Citadel - This is acurious place wonderfully strong - I am sure I hope its strength may never betried during our term here. It certainly has been a happy undertaking in one way,as it gives employment to some hundreds of poor Irishmen. There is a very fineview from the Signal Rock where there are Telescopes - it was dreadfully hotwalking up to Cape Diamond the height on which the Citadel is built. it is anascent all the way and not the least shade. We were so fagged after thecrawling to the Cape and back that we were glad to stay in the cool shade ondeck till after dinner when we took boat and went to the opposite side of theRiver. There is a very pretty drive all along the shore close to the water andon the other side is a steep rocky and woody bank which rises above one hundredfeet perpendicularly - We saw a great many Indian huts and a number of Indianmen and women. They seem inoffensive people and very lazy

Wedy - 24th - Yesterday morning at half pastseven Tom and I set out to go to the Bishops - 8 o'clock being their breakfasthour. We found Mrs Mountain ready to receive us in the dining room, and usheredus into the Study where his Lordship was sitting - he is a fine white headedold gentleman of 70 - quite patriarchal in his appearance; he came forward andshook hands quite like an old friend. He seems quite interested for us andasked every particular respecting our plans and intentions in the kindestmanner. After talking for a short time we went back to the Dining Room, wherewe found the two Miss Mountains seated, who are very lady like girls they arealltogether a very pleasing family, and will be most agreeable acquaintancesfor us. They seemed trying, to think of everything by which they could beuseful to us - accordingly at one o'clock, Tom Anna Maria and I set off to meetthem at their own door as we thought it better than to bring the carriage hereas the streets are so very bad for driving. We found the two young ladiesbonneted and ready to accompany us; they seem all enthusiastically fond ofchildren. Mrs Mountain took Anna Maria away to shew her to the Bishop, he wasso delighted with her that he brought her back in his arms and kissed her overand over When the Barrouche came round we went off and took a pretty drive to asweet place about three miles off on the bank of the river It belongs to MrPercival who came out here some years ago with his wife and family He struggledwith difficulties like most others emigrants at first he is now very rich andhas one of the prettiest places in Canada. It is laid out with great taste -the woods so judiously cleared that the Lawn has the appearance of a fine Park- Mrs Percival is a most Charming woman accomplished and cultivated enough forany Society, but she lives here quite happily and educated all her childrenherself. She had eight children.

Montreal July 28th

78-008/1/6 #90

Montreal July 28th

I intended to have finished this letter at Quebec, but everytime I was writing the latter part of it, my poor sweet Bessy grew very ill. Ithink the extreme heat has affected her. She has continued very ill indeed eversince & today she is a little better, her eyes have rather a more livelylook and her food has remained on her stomach. She is terribly changed: shebore her voyage as well as possible and was fat and lively a few hours beforeshe grew ill - but the weather at Quebec was so hot and our cabin so close thatI could scarcely breath. She is a sweet dear child but May God keep me fromrepining at His will. She and all other blessings are but loans - I trust thistrial may, not be given me now, but if it is His will to take her or prolongsufferings. Oh may I submit with full security that is right that He sends orwills - and if her present amendment continues may I be not unmindful of thismercy. You will say I am in a breaking mood but dear Kate a deep impression hasbeen made on my mind from having suffered a good deal and I always try to viewwith reference to the Giver of all, Indeed I dislike canting or talkingunnecessarily on religious subjects We are very comfortably settled here in amost excellent house, clean airy rooms and quite enough of them, a sittingroom, kitchen and fine bedrooms, but no furniture, all for fifteen shillings aweek!! As we arrived on Saturday we could not procure any meat, it was so latein the day, but we have most excellent bread and milk good butter fresh eggsand some hams of our own, so we are in no great danger of starving

The surrounding country is very beautiful, but we have notbeen able to walk about much yet as it rained all night and all the morning wehad a violent thunderstorms it is now fair - but the streets are too wet forwalking

I will despatch another letter from York. Tom joins me inlove to your dear dear party, and so believe me here and elsewhere your ownaffectionate sister


78-008/1/6 #91

July 1 1822

We are now on the Great Bank of Newfoundland & have justdined heartily on a most excellent Cod which Tom caught yesterday evening. Wehave hitherto had a most prosperous & even rather pleasant passage. I havenot been the least ill, though we have had some very sickening nights; for thefirst fortnight we got on very fast indeed & hoped to have reached Quebecby this time, but, for the last ten days we have had a great deal of Calmweather, & when there was any wind, it was not quite favourable. By tackingconstantly we have arrived so far, I have much reason to be thankful that wehave had so safe a voyage, & that I have escaped sickness. We are ascomfortably settled in this vessel as such a number could be in so confined aspot. We have one very large cabin in which all the Reids sleep - Mr R &Tom Swinging in the middle in cots in this we eat, & in bad weather we sitthere. I have the little cabin for my party, there are two good, & verywide berths in it, I sleep in one with my nursling; & my maid, Anna Maria,& Ellen in the other. I am very comfortable here & quite independent,& though I have only room to stand up & dress myself I am much happierthan if we were all together - I am very glad to have it to retire to wheneverI like. When the weather is fine I sit on deck all day except at meal-times -for the last week the weather has been foggy, damp & cold - on Midsummerday the Thermometer was only 42 at Noon. This weather is very common in thispart of the Atlantic & is disheartening just now, as I am in a state ofFeverish impatience which I cannot conquer to get to the end of our Voyage &be settled in our own log house - We have no passangers whom society could bethe least pleasure to us - The Captain is just what you might expect to find aperson who was raised from being a common sailor He is rough & vulgar butis anxious to pay us every attention in his power & is very good natured tothe children - We are beginning to rock about so much that I must stop writing- though not sick I have had some bad headaches & am somethimes stupified& unable to fix my eyes on anything -

Wednesday July 10 - Ten days have passed my dear friendssince I wrote the latter part of this, & yet we have made very littleprogress in this tedious passage - however for two days we were cheered bybeing within sight of land, a delightful sight after having seen nothing butthe boundless Ocean for 33 days. This land was southern or SouthEastern part ofNewfoundland - we saw land on each side of us on Monday when we were betweenCape Raye in Newfoundland & Cape North in the Island of Breton. They are avery pretty chain of hills ending in abrupt headlands. Today we have been forthe most part out of sight of land - but now & then had a very indistinctview of the island of Anticosta a large island 130 miles long & 90 broadcovered with stunted trees, but uninhabited. We have several times seen Whalesat a distance spouting their Jets d'eaux into the air but they have not beenvery near us & we could distinguish the immense body of the creature; butwe have often seen a smaller species very near us, which spouts in the sameway. In the very middle of the Atlantic we were accompanied by little birds ofthe swallow tribe but webfooted. They are called Mother Carey's chickens &are very pretty little birds. When in the middle of the Atlantic a poor littleHouse Swallow flew into the rigging & was caught - We have seen numbers ofa sort of buffin I believe called Shear Waters because they swim on the surfaceof the water & seem to cut through the waves. About a week ago a littlebird was found in one of the boats - & I took it to nurse as it proved tobe a land bird & we were not near land at the time. It is very like ourgrey linnet but the Bill is very long & crosses over at the point like thecrossbill. I have kept it in a basket, it is going on very well & is sotame that it eats out of our hands & sits on our shoulders. Yesterday itsat on my head all the time I was at dinner - It is a dear little thing butdoes not attempt song. We are now in the Gulph of St Laurence - the weatherextremely cold. -

Sunday July 21 Quebec. Here we are at last safe &sound after a passage of exactly 7 weeks & one day. We reached this newworld at about eight oclock this morning - All our passage up the river hasbeen most interesting - the views on both sides (since we have been able to seeland on both sides at once) have been the most beautiful I ever saw for above200 miles along the coast of Nova Scotia we were within sight of the finestmountains covered with trees from the highest point down to the water edge - Aswe approached the Canadian coast the headlands were equally beautiful &surpassed anything I had ever seen except Killarney. Some of the views remindedTom very much of the Appenines. Altogether I was delighted more than I canexpress and Oh how often did I wish that I could show my pleasure with you allmy dear friends - We came on slowly - On Saturday night last we came to thepart of the river where Pilots are taken - Our Pilot came & we thoughtourselves secure against rocks & banks - but how ignorant are we of ourfate! next morning we were surrounded by a thick fog, & even the Pilot wasat a loss to know where abouts we were - fortunately there was so little windthat the ship scarcely moved on. At half past one just as we were assembled forprayers in the Cabin, we felt three great strokes - & the whole shiptrembled - Oh most frightfully - We all remained panic struck for a moment -you may imagine our fright when we heard that we were striking on a rock!! -exactly as we struck the fog cleared off - & we then saw that we were closeto Red island. Some French Canadians happened to be on the island & as soonas they saw us they came off in their Canoe to assist us - They were veryactive & very good natured particularly one old man - who really was mostbenevolent & never left us till one the next morn. We struck there for 6hours before we moved - or could feel sure that the Vessel was safe; at lastshe moved round, the pumps were tried, she made no water - all seemed safe -When bump we came on another rock; - Soon however after several bumpings &scrapings we got off providentially. - No bad consequence except two of thesailors were hurt - one of them rather severally by the anchor, & we hadthe pleasure of nursing him in our cabin all night & the next day &have made him nearly well again. the next day was lovely, & as we wereobliged to anchor for tide we had time to go on shore - but I have not room inthis letter to enter into the details of our excursion on shore, - our firstlanding on American ground - I will keep it for a letter to Kate which I willtell her to send to you. I cannot cram all I want to say into one sheet - andbesides I am surrounded by people - 19 in this little cabin at once I scarcelyknow what I am about - for Bessy is roaring for me too, but notwithstanding allmy confusion my heart is steadily warm by & gratefully devoted to mybeloved friends - Give our kindest loves to Ma & Lou - Upton EtownAllenston &c &c &c &c &c &c &c -

[Extracts from F S July 21 1822

No 1


To Miss Beaufort]

78-008/1/6 #92

[fragment - see 78-008/1/6 #95]

Wednesday night Septr 11. 1822

My dearest Louisa

What horrible accounts these are in the Newspapers of thesufferings of the people in the West of Ireland! - I am sure a number of peoplewill come to this country which is truly a land flowing with milk & Honey -There is no such thing as poverty - We have had very good opportunity ofjudging of this, as during our passage up from La Chine to Kingston, a distanceof 173 miles, we slept every night, or at least several nights at Farm houses,& during the day, sometimes called at Cottages to procure bread or milk -The week we spent in this part of our travels was I think the most interestingof the whole voyage - & therefore I will give you a history of it - thefirst day nothing particular happened, except that it was the hottest day wehad during our lives. No day had been half so hot since. We were in 4open boats, sitting perched on our luggage exactly as soldiers wives sit onbaggage carts. The Reid family filled two - we occupied a third, & a poorfamily who accompanied us from White Abbey were in the 4th so thatwe were a formidable party, 27 in number. About 6 in the evening we reached"Les Cascades" 24 miles from La Chine when the Rapids began; the scenery allalong was very beautiful - but here it was magnificent - the water rushing overthe great stones in that great river, & appearing between different woodedislands was most beautiful & formed such a contrast to the smooth glassy Lake(I may call it) through which we have been sliding all day. Our boatmen wereall French Canadians, & could not speak a word of English - & theirlanguage was so different from the french we are accustomed to, that we foundit very difficult to understand anything they said - but they always understoodour French.

Whenever they came to a shallow place they stopped rowing& all took long poles, with which they push the boats on by sticking oneend into the ground or against a stone. When rowing they sang a great deal,their songs had a very wild sound, not a bit like our old "Canadian boatsong".There was an Inn at Les Cascades to which we all went & dined. TheInnkeeper was an Irishman- but indeed his accommodations were very bad. He saidhis rooms were engaged by an officer & his family so our whole party wereto divide two very small rooms between them. The Female Reids 8 in number tookone, we, the other - the male part of the Reids went to the Hay loft, whichthey said was clean & cool. The poor people slept in another Hay loft. Theofficer who turned out to be Capt Melville an acquaintance of Tom's, told usthat the beds were swarming with Bugs - so we spread Mattrasses of our own onthe floor & lay down - but not to sleep - for not one of our party, fromTom down to little Bessy could bear the bugs which we found crawling all overus, & all over the walls & floors. Tom said he would go to the hayloft, so I did the same & had all the weens carried out there; - &never was a bed of down so delightful - or never was sleep more refreshing thanours that night - on nice clean hay, with our cloaks about us - & the sweetair, & the sound of the cascade which lulled me to sleep in the mostcharming way you can conceive. The next day we were to travel 4 miles by land,as the Rapids were too violent for us to remain in the boats: We hired a Wagonin which Mrs Reid & four of her children, Tom & I & our 3 Children& servants followed, & the men & boys walked. Waggons are the sortof carriage generally used by gentlemen's families in Upper Canada - The arejust very large four wheeled cart with 2 seats like Gigs placed one before theother - the driver of course sits in the foremost & takes as many besidehim, as there is room for -

We womankind took boats again at the end of 4 or 5 miles, butthe men & even Tom walked the whole day, as we had a strong currentagainst us, & the boatmen required to have the boats lightened. Tom walkedthat day 12 miles - & was the foremost of the party the whole day.Our progress was very slow that day & we stopped at "Coteau du Lac"where there is a Port: We were advised to apply to Col. Nichol who lives therefor leave to spread our mattrasses in some military store room or some suchplace - So Tom & Mr Read introduced themselves to him, & made theirrequest - he was excessively civil & said that he could give us a room inhis house which had been built for a kitchen but was not used for one - So heshewed us into a nice clean light room more like a parlour than a kitchen. Herewe were settling ourselves & giving the children their supper when Col.Nichol sent to beg that we would open a door (which was between our room &another & make use of that other room also, as he saw how much too largeour party was for one room; - this was particularly aimable of him - for uponour opening the door we, entered a very nicely furnished drawing room carpeted,curtained, sofa'd & Booked in a very pretty manner - the Gentn & boysslept there & we females kept possession of the other room I always placedmy Mattrass exactly at the door that little Bessy might be cool for she nevercould sleep unless the air was actually blowing on her - She was veryill & feverish poor little dear & generally started crying every halfhour.

The next morng we got up at half past 3 & were glad tolose a few hours sleep that we might gain a few hours of coolness - for the sunwas very hot though not half so bad as the first day - We had a heavy showerabout the middle of the day which cooled the air & drenched us completelythough we covered ourselves as well as we could by lying down under thetarpaulins that covered our luggage. We stopped for shelter at a post office. Iforget when & found shelter, but no fire in the house at which we could dryourselves & dripping garments - so we read a parcel of Kingston &Montreal Newspaper & when the rain ceased, returned to our respectiveBatteaux & when we got to Charlottenburg we stopped at an Inn & driedour clothes, but there was great scarcity of fire every where - for in this hotseason people keep their fires lighted as short a time as possible. Havingdried ourselves we once more went to our Batteaux & went on & on tillnearly dark in the evening. & the boatmen at last stopped - but - alack aday. no house was near enough for us to sleep at - there was one in sight, butthere was a Marsh between us & it & it would have taken up too muchtime to go round the marsh - so we determined to lay our mattrasses on thegrass which was nice & smooth & to keep company with our batteaux-menwho always sleep either in the boats or just beside them on the shore - theyhad already a blazing fire at which they were busily engaged cooking pea soupfor their supper. Our party had another fire not for cooking - but to keep theflies & insects from us, which by the way never annoyed us much, except oneday before we came to Quebec. We laid our beds all round the fire - over mineTom made a sort of little tent, of a sail & 3 of the long poles the boatmenuse - this kept us quite dry & comfortable - but the Reids would not make atent though they might have & done so easily as we did - & I think bothMr Reid & James got colds which they still feel the effects of. Poor Mr Rhas been ill which has greatly altered his animated keen eye & energeticmanner. All the Reids have been ill more or less of the same complaint - butnothing alarming - Thank God our family have escaped all sorts of illness -except little Bessy we have been all perfectly well since we leiftIreland - & she is now well again & regaining her good looks & spirits.But I must return to our travels we all slept well & arose early to renewour tedious voyage of which I began to grow tired. The next morng we went on asusual passing along a country not so pretty or as interesting as that we hadfor some weeks been near to. The banks of the river about Cornwall & fortwo or 3 following days was common land with a few loghouses & comfortablefarm houses & some fine walnut & Hiccory trees - but I have not yetseen any of the magnificient trees I expected in this country where everythingis on so get a scale. The day after our night spent on the grass grew veryrainy, & we were wet thro' all our clothes - I never was so wet in my life,so completely soaking with wet, however the rain began towards evening & wehad not long to sit in the boats - Even under us was all wet - I neversaw such awfully heavy rain. About 6 in the eveng we came to a little villagethe name of which I forget; we found that the walkers of our party had goneinto a house to dry themselves - so we all fled to the same house in a greathurry - and found a most beautiful fire, but such cross people that they seemedquite angry at our going in the way of their teamaking & Venison Frying,which occupied the entire attention of the very old dame & her maid.

The pushed us away from the fire whenever they wantedthe kettle, & did nothing but complain of the dirtying of the floor &the noise of so many children. - at last after waiting a tedious qr of an hourour gentn came with the good news that they had found hospitality &lodgings - it was now very nearly dark - & we had to walk a good waysplashing thro' the puddles & wet, & then up a lane full of cows & growlingBulls; - But we at last got to the farm house of Mr Marsh, & here we foundOh! such true hospitality - he was so active & thoughtful about our littlecomforts, that he left us nothing to wish for. He spread our bedding before thefire to air & his wife (who seemed poor woman in the last stage of adropssey) brought us pans full of nice new milk - & very excellent loavesof bread of her own baking - the only bread we had tasted since we leftMontreal for I own though bread was plenty in every home - it was not good ingeneral. I was the only one of the party whose clothes were still wet - &my shift was clinging to my skin - so I retired to Mrs Marsh's nice tidy littlecloset with her bed room & changed all my Habiliments - They have nofamily, so the house is very small - & they could only spare us the tinykitchen floor to sleep on - but it was given with such a good grace that itmade us all contented. My mattrass was very wet - so I left it airing all night& went with Tom to the barn where there was plenty of clean straw uponwhich we spread our blankets & cloaks, & lay down as usual, without undressingwhich none of us has had the comfort of doing at night since we left Montreal.Maria & her children slept in the kitchen, & she saw that good naturedMr Marsh got up every now & then to watch & turn the bedding at thefire. The next day he insisted on driving us many as liked to go in his wagonto the far end of the "Longue Saut" - This is a rapid which lasts for 3 miles -& very few pass there in the batteaux. I preferred walking, but sent Betty& the children with Mrs Reid & her squad in the waggon. This day wasnot at all too hot - it was early - & our walk was delightful - part of itthro' cleared farms & part thro' the wood, where we gathered quantities ofNuts.

When we slept in this manner at farm houses we paid nothingexcept for milk & bread - which were the only provisions we required as wehad cold meat with us & dined & lunched every day in the boats - sothat our lodging cost us nothing. In our walk we had peeps of the river whichwere most beautiful. I find I am at the end of my paper long before I am at theend of my week - so I will leave the rest for Anne Nangle. It is impossible toput so much in one letter - so I will only say that we are all well this 13thSeptr Tom is gone to Douro to see whether they like it well enough to settlethere. I am living alone without anyone but the children for the first time inmy life - I find every day much too short. The Fosters very kind Mrs Ftook me out to drive 2 or 3 times - as often as I could go. I wish you couldall have the pleasure of seeing how very well & comfortably we live.Oh how completely happy I should be if - you may guess that if -but I know it is indulging weakness to wish for impossibilities or to expectperfect happiness in this world. God bless you all. Yours - F Stewart

[Extracts from F.S. dated

York Septr 11th & 13th 1822

2 part, No 4 M.N.

to Miss Beaufort]

78-008/1/6 #93

Extracts from F.S.

Septr 18. 1822 Recd Novr 22d 1822

M:N: No 5 to Miss Nangle

York Septr 18th 1822

Tom has been away for above a week - he & Mr Reid havegone to see the township of Douro - & during my widows-hood what bettercomfort can I have than beginning a letter to Merrion St: I believe I stoppedin my last letter when our hospitable friend Mr Marsh left us to proceed in ourboats again, - our days were passed in a very monotonous manner, so I need onlysay we stopped occasionally for our boatmen to eat, which they did often enoughcertainly. - this food was raw pork & hard biscuit, which theyseemed to enjoy much: they drank only plain water which they took every tenminutes, & which never disagreed with them though they were so very hot. Inthe morning before we set out & at night they always had hot pea soup. Atthe times the boatmen stopped to eat, we generally contrived to replenish ourstore of bread & milk; we had cold meat always for dinner or luncheon,& Tom brought some shrub, which mixed with milk or water, made amost cool refreshing drink. We were in many farm houses, some, very large, somesmall but all with the appearance of comfort & plenty; they had alwaysenough of bread to spare us two or three large loaves, & we got always from6 to 9 quarts of milk at a time.

The houses were invariably clean to a nicety - &well furnished with plain good furniture - excellent beds with nice whitesheets folded over at the bolster. But these were all establishedEmigrants who had been here for 4 or 5 years. The Irish were always anxious toknow where we came from & asked innumerable questions about home. I met apoor woman on the road who had come from Co Cavan - She & her family hadbeen out two years - & she had a very sorry little loghouse - though not soclean, nor comfortable looking as those who had been longer here, & hadadopted something of the manner & habits of their English neighbours. Mostof the farmers in the townships thro' which we passed, were English or Scotish,some were Americans. Monday evening we stopped rather late but soon found out ahouse about two fields off - where we asked for leave to sleep in the Barn asit was larger than the house - it was indeed large enough & was filled withsweet new hay, on which we laid our mattrasses & blankets. No sheets werenecessary as we never undressed -

On Tuesday we came to a very nice looking Cottage with greenpaling & green outside shutters to the windows - made like Venetian blinds,which are very common here. We were shown round to the backdoor & into thekitchen where there was a charming fire, no unwelcome sight, as it was verycold & felt frosty. In the kitchen the family all seated round the fire: -the mistress of the house a respectable looking elderly woman - her daughter inlaw & a parcel of fine chubby children - who all looked as if they hadevery comfort of this life "richly to enjoy" - They were very hospitable &gave us 4 rooms, occupy all, or as many as we wanted of them - So having madeour choice we went to bed - & should have been very comfortable only thatit was terribly cold: - however we got up about five o'clock, & when weentered the kitchen, we found an old stout looking man warming himself at thefire - booted & a whip in his hand - he was master of the house, & hadjust returned from Kingston, 60 miles off where he had been to market. He hadbeen travelling all night - & spoke of it as a thing which happened everyday, & that he thought nothing of doing. - The next evening it was nearlydark before the boatmen would stop. & it was a very cold eveng, so "thinksI to myself", here we shall have to sleep on the cold rocks, for no houses hadwe seen for miles, nothing but woody rocks, & rocky island - for we hadcome to a part of the river called Mille-Isles - and a most sublime& magnificent scene it was. The grandeur of the high rocky banks - where nosound but that of the distant Eagle disturbed the solemn silence gave anagreably awful feeling. At last we came to a more cultivated or at least a more- cleared part of the country - & we thought we saw smoke; in thiswe were not disappointed, but after the boats were fastened & when we cameup to the house, we found its only inhabitant were an Indian family - who hadno kind of furniture, or comfort of any kind - there was neither door or window- as this was an old deserted loghouse, when these poor travelling Indians hadtaken lodging - They could not understand us, nor we them, & we stood indismay considering what we should do - when at last we spied a man coming to us- he had seen our boat - & came kindly to offer us lodgings or assistance -

This you may guess we gladly accepted, & we followed himabout a Quarter of a mile towards the Forest - and in a little nook amongstwoods & rocks we saw two snug little cottages, in one of which our goodnatured guide lived - in the other his old Father & Mother whom we went tovisit. The old man lived in this solitary spot now for 35 years & now inhis old age he amused himself by making Cyder & cultivating a nice littlegarden which he seemed to delight in, & which was very neat & pretty.In his sons house we found all the hospitality we had been led to expect fromhis first kindness to us. - His Wife a young English woman, without asking anyquestions, made a great potfull of "Sessanne" or Indian corn stir about - &laid out a nice tidy table for the childrens supper. Her cows had not come in -so she had not much milk & when one of the little ones asked for more milkshe emptied her own cream over which she had laid by for her tea, into theChilds dish. I never saw such good natured people or such a sweet retiredbeautiful place - I felt quite sorry to leave it next morng - On Thursday nightabout 11 or 12 we reached Kingston - but it was so late, we could not find anyhouse open to procure lodgings, so we spread our mattrasses out on the tops ofour chests & covered ourselves up & slept in the boats - and tho' thedew was so heavy our pillows, except where our heads covered them - wereperfectly wet, yet none of us cought cold. So you see, my dear Anne what reasonwe have to be grateful, for nothing but prosperity has attended us since weentered this country -

Saturday night 21st Septr I waited a few daysthat I might report to my dear friends the news from Douro - Mr Reid returnedthis morning - but poor dear Tom had been ill with a violent attack of bile& was obliged to remain behind - He was obliged to consult a Physician& to keep his bed - How fortunate that such a kind & tender friend asMr Reid was with him - & also that there was a good physician in thevillage of Coburg when he was ill. Before Mr Reid came back Tom was quitewell again tho' weak. He had removed from the noisy inn to the Clergyman'shouse about a qr of a mile from the village, where he receives every attention& civility - they found Douro beyond all their expectations & equal toall their wishes in every point!!!!! - The land is excellent - the countrybeautiful - with the Otanabee (pronounced Otonobee) a very pretty rapid broadriver running all along one side of the township - The air the finest possible- for the ground rises every step you go on, & the current of the river isso strong that it draws all noxious vapours along with it. Standing water &marshes cause the Ague & lake fever, the only complaints ever prevalenthere. There are some beautiful Maple trees at Douro - one 18 feet incircumfirance. This shews good land. How unusually fortunate we have been here- think of getting 1200 acres of such nice land, for ever & ever, &having only 95 pounds to pay!! - I can scarcely believe it myself -

Sunday night 22d Septr - Today Col: Foster called upon MajorHilliar who is secretary to General Maitland - Our business became the subjectof conversation - Major Hilliar told him that "The Governor was so reallyanxious to give every advantage - that he would without reserve grant anythingMr Stewart & Mr Reid chose to ask, within the bounds of reason &possibility" So I think this is true encouragement - & notwithstanding theanxiety I must still feel about poor Tom & the want I feel of hisassistance - I am in great Spirits. We are all to remove to Coburg. They havetaken two houses there, where we women are to remain till they have cleared alittle room, & have erected the log houses & made a road &cc&cc

This is all delightful but I must grieve to leave theneighbourhood of the dear kind Fosters - Elizabeths eyes quite filled withtears when I told her we were to go so soon & they seem as much interestedin all that concerns us as if it was their own good fortune. - Coburg is on thepost road between Kingston & York, so you see we shall not be quite out ofthe world - even at Douro. The chicks are all well - Bessy recoveringher strength & spirits. Anna Maria is very good & very useful &sensible --- Your letters after this must be directed to us at CoburgDistrict of Newcastle

Upper Canada

You know I suppose that you had better pay the ship postageof letters coming out here - as if not done the postmasters do not alwaysforward them - but Sir L lees could frank them all Mr Fosters are franked still

78-008/1/6 #94

Coburg Octr 30 1822

Newcastle District Upper Canada

We have been living in this village for above 3 weeks past.The Reids have another House a better one than this which tho' very pretty& neat looking at the outside is as nasty & inconvenient a little cageinside as ever was & I am longing to get into our Loghouse. There are 3 roomson the ground floor, & 4 above, but they are so small that they are likelittle Closets; However it will answer for our wants at present, as we hope notto be here more than 2 months more at the longest we can reconcile ourselves tothe inconvenience. This house has a nice little grassy place for the childrento play about, that is one comfort, & there is a large barn where we canput our Chests & Luggage, which would be impossible to stuff into thistiney House. The Kitchen is about the size of a large Closet, the sitting rooma little longer. The 3d room indeed scarcely deserves the name, in it I keep myHousekeeping affairs, as there is not a Press or shelf of any kind in theHouse. Tom Stewart found some old boards in the barn & had made temporyshelves of them & tables as we have neither table, Chair or bedsteads. Thecarriage of these sort of articles are expensive which prevents our gettingthem now, but Tom has bed screws & all things ready to make every thingwhen we reach our dear Loghouse, - for which I am longing as ardently as if itwere a Palace, & where I expect to spend a very happy & comfortablewinter. Our bed rooms have no doors, nor is there a fire place in the houseexcept that in the kitchen, so that it would not do for a winter residence. Wehave blankets to hang up for doors upstairs. This House was never finishedinside & its last, & I believe only Inhabitant before us was aBatchelor that never cared much about comfort. We have plenty of blanketshowever, & there have been some very frosty nights since we came, yet Ihave not felt half so cold as many nights at home. indeed I have not felt socold here as yet. Last week we had a whole night & day of snow, or ratherlarge fleches of snow which darkened our windows, but did not lie on theground. We have had a good deal of smart frost too at night which has given thewoods a grey look instead of the beautiful Orange Autumnal tints they hadbefore. This is a sweet pretty little Village, & has a brisk thrivingappearance, & is increasing very rapidly. For years ago there was but 2houses here in the midst of woods, now there is a very flourishing little town,a neat Church, a large School House opposite to it, two very good Shops, orstores, as shops are all called here, & there are 2 more fitting up now tobe inhabited this winter. There are besides many Trades going on, shoemakers,Tailors, Blacksmiths, Carpenters, Wheelwrights, & a number more which willmake this a respectable Town in a few years more. There are 2 Butchers, so thattho' there is no regular market, there is always abundance of good meat. Thehouses are very near in general, & the neighbourhood to the Lake adds tothe beauty of the situation. The ground lies prettily about here too, in niceundulations & so very different from York. I was quite tired of York, tho'in every respect we had more comfort than here; We had a very convenient cleanhouse & our dear friends the Fosters so close to us it was almost the sameas being in the same house. They lent us everything to make us comfortable, yetexcept for their society I much prefer this place. I was very sorry to leaveElizabeth. She was really like an affece Sister more than any thing also. Twoor three families at York assisted us but there was only one that I cared muchabout, Mrs Billings, wife to the Commisary General an Engh woman & a verypleasing little person. I only saw her twice, but liked much what I did see.Here I had had visits from one or two families also, those I know most aboutare Mr & Mrs Henry, & Mrs Bethune, Mother to Mrs Henry. Mr H was for 15years engaged in the Northwest trade, & during all that time, never camehome to his friends who lived at Montreal. he left home when he was only 13& went thro' all sorts of adventures & hardships. One winter when theirprovisions fell short, he & his companions were obliged to eat some leatheraprons they had, & the upper leathers of their shoes, & legs of boots.I hear Mr. Henry is very entertaining, but I have been very little in hiscompany yet. He is a very pleasing neighbour, & has shown us much realkindness. Mrs H. seems so fond of her husband & Mother it is quitedelightful; Mrs Bethune is a fine merry old Lady & lives in a dear littleCottage just opposite Mr Henry's & the 2 families are like one & alwaysspend their evengs together. She & Mrs H have been very kind initiating mein the method of making barm & baking. They have the best bread in thisneighbourhood & always make their own Barm. Some time ago we drank tea withMrs Bethune. Her cottage is worth going to see it is so nicely fitted up &quite in the Engh style: hers & the Bp of Quebec's are the only Houseswhere I saw a Tea Urn since I left home. Her family were originally Scotch, butsettled at New York, then at Montreal & 5 years ago when her daughtermarried Mr Henry, she came to live here. She has a Granddaughter & 2 Sons,who live with her. They are handsome Gentlemanlike men. The eldest isProprietor of the largest store here & is unusually kind to us, is alwayssending us things & insists on supplying us with provisions for winter suchas Salt Pork, Butter, Pease, &c at the same price he buys them as himself.If he hears I am without any thing he wants to take with us to the Bush hewrites it down immediately. Mr Reid & his sons & our Servt Boy havebeen at Douro this fortnight & taken workmen with them. They went toprepare Loghouses for us. Tom had but just recovered from severe bilious attack& was quite unfit to go, so we all joined & prevailed on him not toattempt it. He gave Mr Reid a plan & full directions how to act. I willsend you a map of our land & a picture & plan of our house when we go& see it. I hear it is a most beautiful country. Mr Reids House & ourswill be a mile & a half from each other & about a mile & a halffrom a Flour & Saw Mill. The opposite side of the river is all settled& will be thickly inhabited & a year or two, & there is a reserveof land for a village exactly opposite to us. So you see we are not going somuch out of the World, Our farm is about 35 miles from this place which will beour Post Town, but there are opportunities every week, & Mr Bethune willtake care & forward our letters. it is probably that in a few years weshall have a Post Town nearer to us as, Government are going to open a new roadbetween Kingston & Simcoe which will exactly pass by us! There are manyNavy Captns settled in the neighbourhood. Capt & Mrs Boswell have visitedus I saw him but was not visible the day she called. As I like to do as I wouldbe done by, I will own that I have been ill for ten days with a complaint everynew comer to this country is subjected to. I am now so much better I may callmyself well. We have a very skilful Physician here who paid me every attention.For fear of catching cold on coming down again, Tom, who thinks of nothing butmy comfort & indulgence, got a nice little stove, which makes our poorparlour warm & comfortable. He is quite well & also the Reids. PoorMaria has recovered the loss of her little baby wonderfully. Give my affectlove to everyone of my dear Friends. Tell Catherine I got her letter safely& I will write next to Aunt Susan. Give my love to Clonghill &Allenstown, Edgeworthtn, Upton, Black Castle, Francis Beauforts & all - all- all - & pray give my love to Mrs Stewart &c &c -

F Stewart

[To Mrs Waller Merrion Street

M.N. No 8 Oct 30 - 1822 Coburg]

78-008/1/6 #95

[to Louisa, September 11, 1822;

no transcription]

78-008/1/6 #96

[a fragment of an edited version of this letter]

Coburg Novr 10 1822

My dear Harriet This good Sunday our Clergyman Mr Mc Cauleybeing absent there was no service, so having read chapters, prayers &sermon at home, I think no sin to indulge myself in beginning a long sheet toyou. My heart yearns indeed to all my dear friends, - but or what use indulgingthese yearnings, for this reason at least we cannot meet - nor probably nextyear - but I have no doubt that if we live for 2 or 3 years longer we shallmeet again: for though Tom & I made a great effort & tried to conquerour natural affections enough to take this great step - yet we did notentirely quench them, but that they have kindled a fresh, & now I thinkburn clearer & warmer than ever. Yes my ever beloved friends tho' I likethis country & rejoice that we came here, yet I look forward to spendingsome happy months in my own dear country with my still dearer friends - Youhave not lost me. I trust in God we shall yet meet again here, & tho' wemay now be seperated by oceans & thousands of miles - yet our hearts areunited - They are strongly bound together by this which no distance orseperation can break - I am bound indeed to you by affection & gratitudewhich increase every hour, & by the same principles & the samereligion; in the last, I think we are strongly united - for the more I haveheard & seen of other sects, & branches in religious opinions the morefirmly I cling to my own & the more I admire the simplicity of it - & Ipray to God that he will enable me to wait with you my dear friend in thatstraight path wh his word points out. - Dear H. I forgot to tell you that yourlittle Bible has been my travelling companion & though the kindness of agenerous friend supplied me with the large work yet your being more portablehas with its manuscript notes been my constant study. Your 3 letters dated Sepr2d, reached me on the 5th of this month - I need not tell you how Ifelt on reading your account of my dear Bess's sufferings - nor how often Ihave wished I could be with you to assist in nursing her & to contribute mymite towards amusing her painful hours.

I believe my letters have been so much filled up withhistories of our travels & of our communications with the great folk aboutland, that I have never described the country, or the animals, or vegitable - Iwill now describe the country as far as I have seen. York is an uglyuninteresting place - the houses are neat & nicely painted, with greenoutside shutters, & when we were sailing up the lake to it we weredelighted with the appearance of the Town - these white nice looking housesbacked by the dark forest looked so pretty - but we found when we came nearerthat the lake all along the shore there is quite stagnant & full of rushes- which are cut down every season & left floating on the water to decay -This gives the appearance of green duckmeat - the town is sunk in a hollow.This place is quite different - here the Lake comes dashing up in great whitewaves, & the country whenever the clearing of the roads allows you to seeit, is beautifully undulated - the village itself, though not so large asCollon is on two little hills - There are often pretty little trading vesselscoming here wh add greatly to the cheerfulness & beauty of the place; -indeed if we had but the lovely smell of the season we might imagineourselves near the ocean for we cannot see any appearance of land across theLake which is in fact a sea. Tom is going tomorrow to Douro, to see whatprogress they have made, & he is to return on Friday so I will not sendthis till he returns that I may tell you how soon we shall remove. ThisLoghouse I expect to find very comfortable after a little time. I heard thereare some magnificient trees there, but I have been greatly disappointed infinding the trees & plants in general so like our own. I have never seen atree large enough to satisfy me - but the extent of the forests have indeedsatisfied me; I have not walked much since I have been in this country, but Iexpect to see trees & woods in perfection at Douro. The Maple, Hiccory& Beech are the most common there. Hiccory grows like the Walnut tree &has a resemblance to both Walnut & Ash. There is a great want of Evergreenshere - there is nothing of that kind about this place except the Hemlocktree (what we call Arbour Vitae) - it looks very pretty for where largetrees have been cut down young shoots have grown from the stumps & it hasquite a pretty shrubby appearance - The Dogwood grows in the woods mostluxuriously & its pretty red branches look very nice. In summer thequantities of crimson tufts of the Shumack tree (called here the Vinegar tree)were very pretty. I have not yet become acquainted with many wild plants; I sawone beautiful little ladies slipper on the banks of the St Lawrence betweenMontreal & Kingston - quantities of the common Anothera we used to have inout gardens. Bilberries - Wood sorrel & wild strawberries & Raspberries- Yarrow, Hawkweed - Scabious - Campanula, & blue Iris of our flowergardens growing wild - Yesterday morng Tom & I thought we had found someGentianiella - but upon examining the leaf & calix - we discovered it to bedwarf campanula - I wish I could draw it for you or preserve it - but all myblotting paper is packed except that I use for writing on - & so are all mybooks too. There is a great want of singing birds - but Mr Henry says we shallhave plenty in spring - in Summer and Autumn we were deafened by grasshoppers,or a kind of grass cricket, which chirps incessently & bothers one - but nosweet Robbins or thrushes or blackbirds - I have only heard the sweet note of abird once & that was some weeks ago. I could not see it but it must havebeen very near, & it sounded like a thrush. I have seen several crows andwood peckers & Eagles flying far above my head - but we came too late tosee any humming birds, of which I here there are numbers in the Summer - I takecare always to be dressed nicely & am as well supplied with beautifulclothes that I should have no excuse - I have just made up a grandassortment of caps with the lace borders or quillings - I hate to becaught untidy at home - Since the weather has grown cold I have begun to wearmy purple bombasine but am very careful of it - I have great deal of work todo, such as Baking & other such operations not fit for a pretty gown, onthese occasions I wear one of my Sprig wrappers which My dear Bess & Annemade for me & often I think of them. I think you might tell me now who sentmy very pretty washing silk - your 3 grand children are very good - AnnaMaria is becomming more useful to me every day & is very good &sensible. Ellen has grown & looks very well - She sings several songs.Bessy is a dear little engaging brat - She is now thank God perfectly well& has many tricks & is very playful. She is not at all pretty [ ]

We are in treaty for a cow - We have got a goose & ganderto make a beginning, a little puppy dog for watching & keeping the wolvesaway from our cattle - for there are some wolves always in the woods whensettlers first go into them, but they soon retreat. There are a great many Deerat Douro I hear. We are laying in salt Pork & Pease & various sorts ofprovisions for our winter at store - but I hope by next winter we shall havethem of our own. The weather has been very wet of late - & we had somesnow; so wet a season has not been known for years as this has been & theroads are very dirty - but we have had some hard frosts at night & thislovely weather. There are very pretty roads here - pretty to my mind from thenovelty there is such a wildness in the general appearance of the country - thecleared part open at each side of the road, like a common - Then wood again -Then a great part of it half cleared with the stumps sticking up & falledtrees lying all about - The roads are in many places, where the ground isswampy, made by laying trees across, close together - those are called corderoyroads, & you may imagine what jumbling ones bones get in a wagon bumpingover these trees. In general the roads are made by clearing a passage thro' thewood, & if it wants repair it is just ploughed up & then harrowed &left for driving on, so you may grasp what bogs these roads are in wet weather- & then in frost all rough - but when snow is fairly on & frozen overthen they are delightful for sleighing. Yesterday Tom, the children & Itook a nice walk of above a mile along the lake, the shore is very pleasant, itis smooth hard sand; the view of the village & its white houses &church made me wish that I could make a little scetch to send you. I believe Imentioned to Bess that I had been ill. I kept my bed a week from actualweakness - but I need scarcely tell you that I am quite well now - as you havejust read that I took a long walk yesterday evening - indeed I am growing verystrong with in the last week, & have resumed all my wonted occupations [ ]

The Clergyman we had been in hopes of having with us, nevermade his appearance - nor could we ever hear more of him from Mrs Stewart or MrSinger. I do wish we had one for we shall be at a great distance from a Church- There is one some where in the neighbourhood of Douro, but I believe it is 18or 19 miles from us [ ]

This country is very thickly inhabited & every year isbecoming more so. I like it much - though the mode of life is certainly new tome - from living perfect idleness in the house of another, I have become ahousekeeper & with only one servt - a girl of 16 to assist me - I amobliged to do a great deal myself - She is a great comfort & a most usefulexcellent creature, & does astonishingly. We make all our own soap &candles & bread; & in February are to begin Sugar making. She cooks& washes all our clothes, so you may suppose we are pretty tidy between allthese things & taking care of Bessy - & I have heaps of work &mending always going on. When we have a Dairy & Poultry & calves &pigs &c to attend to, I think we must get some little girl to help Betty.Nov- 20 I have kept my letter much longer than I intended, as instead of FridayTom did not return till Tuesday - He is more delighted than ever with his land& the Beauty of the place [ ] Sincehis return we have been in a great press packing up our goods, to set out fromthis on Saturday next. Our house is not ready yet, so we must live in a Shantyor hut for some days till it is ready; what causes so much hurry, is the dangerof ice forming on a lake we must cross: this Rice Lake is scarcely everopen after the 20th of this month, it is at this moment freezing, sothat we are afraid it will not be fit to boat across on Saturday - in whichcase we must remain here till it is hard enough for sleighing - so perhaps whenI next write I may still be here - but there is a probability we may go,because we have had very little frost & a great deal of rain - &perhaps there may not be frost enough between this & Saturday to freeze thelake over - it is 3 miles across.

Anna Maria has got a feverish illness which is somethinglike what she had this time 3 years - she is very weak & languid but Itrust she may grow better. Change of air & going to that good wholesomeplace may be of use to her, & as our journey will be smooth by water itwill not fatigue her so much as jumbling over bad roads would. This is our posttown & our friend Mr Bethune will carefully forward all letters to us.Towards Summer I will send you a long list of commissions that I may give youtime to procure all I shall require - but at present I have no wants - I mustwrite turn about to all my dear friends & therefore do not be alarmed atnot hearing from me as regularly as you have hitherto; for I find it difficultto write constantly to so many dear friends & you can hear from oneanother about us. All my love cannot shew you the warm affection I feel for you- Love to all - All.

[Extracts from F.S. M.N. No 7

Coburg Novr 10th 7 20th 1822

Rec'd Jan 1823

To Miss Beaufort]

78-008/1/6 #97

[Extracts from F S]

Nov 25th 1822

No 8 Recd Jan 14th 1823

25th Nov 1822

Coburg Nescastle District

Upper Canada

[ ] We were to havegone to Duoro on Friday last & had all our goods packed up ready to startin great haste, because that, Rice Lake which we were to cross isgenerally frozen over by the 20th of November & we were to havehurried off from this in order to get over before the frost - & to havelived in a shanty, or a hut made with boards, for some days till our loghouse was habitable but on Wednesday our little Anna Maria (who had beenfeverish & ill for nearly a week) grew decidedly worse, & we determinedto remain here. Now the ground is white & frost every night - so we muststay here till the frost is hard enough for sleighing which will be in about amonth - when we shall go there much more expeditiously than we could have donenow - & by that time our house will be ready, for us without shiveringourselves in a shanty. My dear Anna Maria has had a smart fever I thinkoccasioned by worms & bile. You remember she had an attack once before -however I trust in God the worst is over, as she has been evidently betteryesterday and today. Poor Bessy is teething & has spots all over her upperlip & nose which tieze her much & make her very uneasy. She has also aspot or two on her head frightened me greatly as she rose in great whiteblisters just like that horrible eating hive - There is no such thing as StJohn's wort here, so I dusted it well with bark & put a little TurnersCerate over it & I think this new cure of my own has been ofuse. Anna Maria was greatly improved before her illness but now my poor darlingis lying in bed reduced & unable to stand from weakness - but she was quiteuseful before & really a pleasant companion - She had grown very tall &had a clear healthy appearance Tell dear Kate her nice present of stuff frocks& Beaver bonnets make her little nieces look very smart & feel verycomfortable this cool weather - This morning the thermometer was 25 - tonightat 8 it was 27 - but I have often felt more chilly at home. I was quitesurprised when I saw the thermometer so low - Tom went to Douro last week tosee how the houses were going on - & he returned in greater delight thanever with the place - The beauty as well as goodness of the situation &soil - indeed I think from all I hear of it that if they had been searching allCanada they could not have chosen a place more completely to their minds - thehouse of Mr Reid is about a mile from ours - it could not be fixed nearerbecause the Reserves come between - the two houses are just the same size - 36feet by 24 - I do not know whether Mr Reid intends to have his house the sameinside as ours, - for when Tom was there only one house was erected & thatwas ours - We shall have three rooms on the ground floor - & two rooms& a closet upstairs. In spring Tom intends to add a kitchen, dairy &scullery at the back - but for this winter we must do with our bedroom for asitting room - as upstairs will be cold for the children - When the weathergrows warmer they shall go upstairs - & our room will become a parlour. Iexpect we shall be very comfortable there, but I am not sorry that we have been detained for many reasons - 1st- I am glad to remain here till the house is finished & neat, it will bepleasant & now travelling in the Sleigh & 3rdly it will make the winterappear shorter for I suppose we shall not go till after Christmas - & weshall have the happiness & advantage of being near Church on Christmas day.I do wish some good clergyman would come to us - Any Clergyman who can have acongregation may have Ł200 a year from Governt - if he can keep a schoolhe will have Ł120 a year more - & if he chooses to keep Boarders hemay get Ł50 a piece for them. I know this is what our friend Mr McCauleythe Clergyman here has - he is an excellent young man & most active inestablishing religion among this parishoners. There is a church & clergymanin the township of Cavan but it is 18 miles from us & except in Sleighing timewe could not go there. This winter we cannot possess either Sleigh or horses -We must hire them to take us, where we are going. If we could get some nice,pleasant, good man to join our Colony he could have both congregation &school for there is a great many families near us - who tho' in the middlingclass wish for a person to preach & teach among them. We are very thankfulthat we are not in a very distant place from our fellow creatures. There aremany settlers near us - chiefly Scotch & English farmers - there is onefamily of the name of Rubidge, of whom I have heard a great, he is a Captn inthe Navy - & every one speaks of Mrs Rubidge as being a most delightfulwoman. They will be within 5 miles of us when the road is made - but at presentour communication must be made by water which lengthens the distance to 11miles Mrs R was in the neighbourhood lately to lye in, & sent me a civilmessage & apology for not having called on me here - they have been only 2years out & are still living in a log house. I hear they have quite aParadise & every comfort anyone could wish for. They live on Ł100 ayear!! Captn R was in debt & gave up all but this. In 2 or 3 years more hewill be out of debt. Mrs R is a very nice accomplished woman - & teaches herchildren music french dancing, &c. I do not know of any other gentleman'sfamily near but townships are settling fast. We pay at the rate of Ł20 ayear for this house. We get excellent Beer & Mutton at 2d & 3d pr pound- potatoes 9d a Bushel. Bacon for nothing. Butter 7d per pound - Milk 2da quart. We bought a cow for Ł3 or 12 dollars. We get heaps of nice freshbuttermilk for nothing as the people here never drink it. They give itto the pigs - Thursday 28 Nov I have the happiness to tell you that both myinvalids are better. Many thanks to darling Kate for offering to send usanything we want. We have all that is necessary now & and by next winter Itrust we shall be able to procure everything. Clothes are certainly dearer& worse here so I will send a list of commissions soon which can be paidfor out of our Irish money. Irish Bills will answer here. My Uncle may sendthem by post but had better send 3 copies of the Bills, 3 different posts -

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Douro Loghouse Feby 24 1823

Well my dearest friends here we are at last at home,and although we must bear a good deal of inconvenience for some time, yet wefeel real enjoyment beyond any we have had for many a long & weary month -Before I say anything more about this place, I must go back a month to Cobourg& tell you about what passed then. I wrote to you the 7th ofJany which letter I am afraid is in the dead letter office as it was directedto Merrion Street. The 18th of Jany I wrote to Catherine so you knowby my letter to her that yours of Septr 30 reached me safely; Ah dear Harrietyou cannot conceive the comfort it is to think that you do not deceive me aboutdear Bess - thank you for giving me such a minute detail of her sufferingswhich must be most trying to her & her dear Nurse tenders. I will not sayanything now about the anxiety I feel about you all - you know what one feelsat a distance from a beloved in such a state, but you cannot well conceive howthis anxiety is increased by such an immense distance as that which seperatesus & by the length of time which there must be between letters - but thiscannot be helped, - so I will not dwell on this painful subject any longer; Imay however say that I do think this is the only source of painful reflectionthat I feel here - we have the prospect of possessing everything to make uscomfortable & happy except the company of those we are most attached to.

In my letter to Kate I believe I mentioned a nice drive wehad with very nice people called Mr & Mrs Faulkner on a very delightful dayto a beautiful village called Port Hope - about 7 miles from Cobourg -

Nothing happened for some time after, worth mentioningexcept that we had a very cold disagreeable weather, a good deal of snow, &very little sunshine in the day, a most intensely cold night, so much so thatwater froze in our kitchen which is only about 9 or 10 feet square, where wekept a good fire all night. - in our room where we & the children slept,& where we had a fire constantly day & night the Termr was down severalmornings to 30, before we got up. One night my poor little maid Betty slippedon the ice at the back door, fell & broke one of her ribs in two places asher side came against the handle of a tub.

Tom & I laid her on a Matrass in our room & had herbled, & early next morning had the Doctor to see her, who ordered low diet,saline draughts & Quiet - so she lay there for some days. I was able to geta Scotch lassie to come to cook & finish the washing - but she could onlystay two days, & after that I was cook, nurse, & everything myself fora few days - We had luckily a fine round of Beef which lasted cold for almostthe whole time, so I had no cooking except boiling potatoes, & I got onfinely & had neither fatigue or hurry of any consequence - and poor Bettywas able to assist me a little in a wonderfully short time. I think theselittle vanities are very useful for people dont know what they can do till theyare tried. Betty is now quite well & useful & willing as ever, & agreat comfort to me.

Well one fine day soon after this adventure, our friend MrBethune called to take us all out in the sleigh - he begged that A M &Ellen might be of the party - so we all drove to the township of Haldimond, thenext township on the Kingston side - & after a drive of 7 miles, we turned.The country is very pretty & very hille, beautiful undulations & steeprugged vallies. Coming home it was desperately cold, & snowed a little,& we were very glad to get into comfortable houses -

We called on Mrs A Macdonald who had removed to her ownhouse a few days before - if you received my last letter, you know something ofher & the Boswells - we also called on the Boswells who we found veryfriendly neighbours during our Sojourn at Cobourg - They said they wished verymuch to take us to see Mr and Mrs Sowden, that we might see how verycomfortably people can live in an indifferent Loghouse - so we appointed thefollowing tuesday evening for our drive - it was fortunately sunny & mild,altho' the Thermr stood only at 10° - & in the morning at ten, was 11°below zero!! At half past one Tom, A M & I set out with Capt & MrsBoswell, & drove 8 miles, mostly through wood, to Mr Sowden's farm. Hisloghouse is the oldest in the township of Haldimond, & has been built for25 years - it is black & shabby looking at the outside, but I never sawmore comfort & cheerfulness than there seemed to be within. There was alarger fire than my poor British eyes had ever before seen within the walls ofa house - I am sure the logs on the fire were 8 feet long!! but since that Ihave seen many such.

I must tell you a curious romantic history about this family- the father & mother of Mr Sowden have been attached to each other intheir youth, but for some reason or other could not marry; They each marriedother people & after old Mr Sowden's son was married to the daughter of MrA's former flame - Some time afterwards, old Mr Sowden became a widower - thelady a widow, & as nothing was in the way then, they were united in theirold age, & came to this country with their son & daughter about 3 or 4years ago - Old Mr S died about 3 months ago - old Mrs S lives in the loghousewith the young couple & their children - she is more like a picture of anold lady than any one I ever saw - She was of course in weeds - but all herclothes were made & put on in the stile of 70 or 80 years ago - She is afine looking old lady, her face & complexion reminded me a little of MrsMontray On the whole we were well pleased with our evening & had a verypleasant ride home - the following friday was appointed for leaving Cobourg wewere up by Cockcrow & had all our affairs in readiness, bonnets &pelisses all ready to clap on, but we waited & watched in vain, our Sleighnever came; at 2 oclock the man whom we had engaged to drive us sent word thathe could not come till Monday so we were obliged to wait very uncomfortably -we had left out a couple of mattrasses for sleeping on the night of our journeyas we divided our Journey - & we made use of these to lie on, &borrowed plated dishes cups & saucers &c as all our things were packedup, & we did not like opening them again - friday & Saturday were mostcharming days - the Sun so bright & warm & we were quite provoked atlosing them & were all out of sorts.

On Monday morning Feby 10 at ½ past 9 oclock we left Cobourg- Tom & I on one seat with Elly stuck between us, Betty, A M & Bessysat before us - & Mr Parker our Charioteer in front of all - We had besides3 blankets to roll about our feet & knees, a great many coats & cloaks& a bag of bread, & a basket of cold meat so we were pretty tightlypacked. We had another Sleigh full of luggage of all sorts, bedding, trunkstubs baskets, & on the top were 2 baskets of live stock - in one were agoose & gander, in another a Pullet & kitten, our servant boy sat to takecare of them & Cartouche & Douro, another dog, sat beside him - weformed a very ludicrous cavalcade I assure you - We went 20 miles that day,& had a very pleasant drive - We passed through miles & miles of forest& I was delighted with this new scent - Every now & then we came tosmall clearings with Loghouses, & generally a good stock of cattle &poultry near the houses - at 4 we reached Page's Tavern where we were to pass the night - there was one verydecent clean bed room but it had no fire place we preferred sleeping on thefloor in the sitting room, where we spread our mattresses & blankets &coats & cloaks & slept soundly & comfortably

Page is an Englishman who has been only 3 years here - hisinn is a loghouse & we found it very comfortable & everything tolerablyclean. The next morning soon after daylight & breakfast, we set out againon out journey; Pages is 18 miles from this - all our road through thick wood -indeed the road scarcely deserved that name for it was merely a trackthrough the snow where one or two sleighs had lately passed - We doubled &turned through branches & between trees & often had showers of snowfrom branches above us which our heads touched - The boughs of the beautifulHemlock pine were loaded with snow & often they bent down so low that wewere obliged almost to lie down, to be able to pass under them - We were 2 or 3times obliged to stop & cut a pass for our Sleighs where trees had fallenacross the road - This day we drove the distance of 9 miles through woods withoutseeing any habitation except a few huts of Indians - I told you in a formerletter that the Hemlock pine of this country was the same as our Arbor Vitae -but I was mistaken - Arbor Vitae is called Cedar here & is common inmarshy ground & on the banks of rivers - They grow large & spread theirbranches to a great distance - The Hemlock pine is a much prettier tree - itsleaf is a dark green & when rubbed has a sweet smell - it grows very high& is feathered down to the ground & is quite a pretty evergreen here -indeed this & Cedar are the only trees I have seen here that can be calledevergreen - except the different pines -

Feby 27 I have just heard that one of our workmen is goingto Coburg tomorrow so I will finish this to send with him - & I am in hopeshe will bring back a packet of letters with him - Last week Mr Bethune sent ussome New York & Montreal papers, but I did not see anything of the arrivalof a British mail

I must go back to where I stopped in my journal - 14 milesfrom Pages we arrived at the river Otonobee - This is our river - We reachedScotts Mills 2 ½ miles from this - here we found that we could not cross theriver as we expected, the ice having given way & Scott's boat could not plybecause there was a broad border of thin ice on each side of the river - So wesent a man across on foot to tell Mr Reid to send his oxen & sleigh to theopposite side of the river, 3 miles lower down - & we determined to walkacross at a place called the "Little Lake" about 2 miles lower down - Thisdelay was a great disappointment to us, besides giving us much trouble - butthis day was to end all our travels, & that gave us Spirits to proceed withvigour we walked to the Little Lake & across it through deep snowwhich came above our ankles - John Reid carried Ellen & Mr Reid Bessy - theworkmen carried our bedding, bags & provisions everything else we left atScotts Mills. At this side of the lake we found the patient oxen - our luggage& ourselves we packed into the Sleigh & we proceeded in the shades ofevening to Douro - drove nearly 5 miles thro' woods, & at last heard avoice crying out "here they come" "here they are" & all the little Reidscame out to meet us. We soon saw our Loghouse whose windows were quiteilluminated by the glare of the charming fires Maria & the children hadprepared for us - & even had there been no fire I think we must have beenwarmed by the Joy every one shewed at seeing us here, from Mr Reid & Mariadown to the youngest - indeed it was delightful to be so affectionatelyreceived. Our house was in a very unfinished state, the doors laid to, not hung& worse than this, the upper part of the chimney was built with boards - asthe frost made it impossible to go on with Mason work - but we are now safe,for Tom had it built up with some stone last week in a temporary way, & inSpring we must have it built over again, as it would not do as it is, & itsmokes. The first night we found it rather cold - but every day since we havemade the house more & more comfortable - we have got a great large kitchenwith a huge fireplace, 8 feet long - one other room is smaller, & within itis a little store room & a room for the Children - At present we sleep inour sitting room, but in summer the children are to move upstairs, where weshall have 2 good rooms and 2 closets - & then we are to sleep in the roomthey occupy now. Our books fill up the entire side of the sitting room &give it a very comfortable look - We have 2 windows one to the south, & oneto the west, so that we have now fine warm sun shining in from about ten tillnear 6. I think this is one of the prettiest places I ever saw - you would bedelighted with it - even now it is beautiful when the ground is covered withsnow - The river is nearly twice as broad as the Boyne at Navan - & at thisplace rushes on with great noise, & carries large lumps of ice down from MudLake 20 miles above - The current here prevents it from freezing over - but2 miles below it is quite still, it winds beautifully & the edges arefringed with fine spreading Cedars & Hemlock Pine

Will you let dear Mrs Stewart know that we are here, allwell & happy - The Reids never passed a winter with out any colds orillness of any kind, but this one - & they have lived nearly in the openair all through the winter - but certainly tho' the cold is so intense, I neverhave suffered from it as I frequently have at home - Tell Mrs S we will writeto her very soon & give our affectionate love to her - also to ClongillAllenstown Etown Black Castle - Tell uncle Sutton with our love that we hope hewill be so kind as to send the Needful as soon as he can it will be veryacceptable by the time it arrives - Tom begs him to send 3 bills for Security -Dublin bills will do very well -

Now dear give my fondest love to my beloved Bess& Anne - Aunt B - Louisa whom I often thought of when they were travellingthrough the rebellious regions in the South - Ever yours most affecttey

F Stewart

Tom sends his kindest loves too

Mr Hughes has carried a days delay in this all well

[Addressed to

Miss Maria Noble




Sealed with FB in ornate script on red wax

FS Beb: 24th & 27th 1823

Recd Ap: 25th

To Miss Beaufort No 12]

78-008/1/6 #99

4 Crescent Cheltenham Feby 27 1823

My dearest Fanny - Your last letter to me came just as Besshad set about hers to you, so I did not like to interfere with her letter - Iknow it would be such a cordial to you to get a folio entirely from herself -Now then my dearest I set about answering that kind and sympathising letter;and having finished reading the News-paper to the Ladies, I have retired to ourroom - stirred the fire - put away the fender drawn the table near the fire,and as you see made a new pen for the occasion, I have set myself down toindite to my own best beloved till tea comes up - We all continue just as whenthe last letter went off - Bess going out in the wheel chair every tolerableday - and as yet - notwithstanding the great severity of the winter, she hasescaped cold, and I am in great hopes she will have become so hardly by allthese airy drives, that she will not have that terrible Spring cough which oflate years has regularly come to torment her. The abcess continues in the samestate - varying in the quantity of discharge - but giving no pain or anythingworse than now & then a little uneasiness or soreness.

The discharge from it is bile - almost always yellow orGreen & yellow mixed & I am sure it is of very great use to her to getthe bile away, with so little trouble - She does not drink the waters now - MrSeager desired her not - Mr Seager is much much better, which I know you willbe glad of - it is of so much consequence to her.

Her spirits are wonderfully even & good in general - Theonly thing she complains of much, is that her knees are stiff when she firstattempts to rise from her chair - but no one seems to mind it much - They sayit is caused by the cold; - She walks up & down the room frequently - verystoutly - without leaning on any one as she used to do; - She scarcely evercomplains of giddiness in her head - and she is able to read a great deal toherself - which is a great advantage to her & us

I have been very uneasy for great part of this winter aboutmy dear Mother, who has been very unwell indeed - I told you in one letter thatshe had the Jaundice or at least a great tendency towards it - immediatelyafter that She got a great cold, & renewed it twice or thrice - so that shehad such a terrible & inward oppression & sinking - that William sentfor Mr Hayes a physician - Her illness was very like what she had at the timeof the Great Snow in 18

They had been dosing her with Hypo, which he said was quitetoo lowering for he ordered other medicines and the very next day she began tomend - had better nights - less apprehension & lowness - & in a fewdays her appetite began to return - She was able to write me a long folioletter about three weeks ago - I have never heard since - for they write soseldom that a long time passes between & I suffer all the unpleasantness ofsuspence - but I always hope the best - and so I hope I shall soon have aconfirmation of the last good account

The damp of Upton has I am sure disagreed with them all -& besides that both the natural dulness of the place - and all the sadrecollections & painful impressions that it must daily revive - are inthemselves enough to make a person of her age ill

Sally her little red headed maid had a fever some time ago -& every one was ill - but they are all well now - Edward, the last littlething is a fine creature & can say several words - little Louisa is alasdecidedly the same state as poor Fanny - Robert appears to be declinning fast -but is still alive. My mother & Lou - if my mother is well enough - willleave Upton early in March & travel northwards - They intend to spend a fewdays at Dr Butler's - & then they are to go to Gaybrook & visit there,& then to Edgeworthtown - They will pack up all the goods they have atUpton, as there is some chance of William's leaving the place at May - &Mrs St Lawrence has promised to keep Louisa's nice Pet Fox - till she has someplace to put it in. Sally is going to be married to a very decent wellconducted young man who is Gardener to a gentleman near Brandon & has beenattached to her these two years - but she is not to leave my Mothers for a yearafter her marriage -

Febt 28 The Edgeworths are all well - except poor Lucy whohas been very indifferent or late - & I begin now to feel that there is nocertain hope of her recovery with which I had been still flattering myself Poorthing she was for some months better - but for the last few weeks she has theysay been very indifferent - but they have not mentioned particulars - it mustlower her spirits patient as she is to find herself thus slipping down the hillagain whenever she has made any little advance. Sophy has had sore eyes most ofthe winter, and says in a note I had lately from her that many days she hasbeen obliged to be idle. Notwithstanding this, Harriet writes to me that Sop;is in great beauty - Harriet is well in looks & health I hear - her schoolis going well too - but she does not give it so much of her time as she liked

Nan is uncommonly well - & in good beauty. - William isperfectly well - He has been in Ireland now several months and has continues aswell as possible

He has not been much at home - he spent some weeks veryhappily at the Observation and has been a great deal with Mr Nimmo, who isemployed in Connaught & in Kerry in public works, to improve the country,and to give work to the people - He has been very good natured to Wm - I wishpoor Wm had some employment of his own - but I hope he will in time - It is agreat satisfaction that he continues so well even when he has anxiety of nothaving any thing to do; he is grown fat they say & is remarkably handsome -Honora is I believe well, for no letters have mentioned any thing to thecontrary - but those Etown people when they got a frank always put off writingtill just near the Post hour - so then they scribble off hurried letters &do not tell me half what I want to know - I heard lately from H herself shegave me one extract from a letter of Sneyd's & I will give one of it to you- He & Mrs E are now at Munich the capital or Bavaria - Mrs E's health hasbeen better of late; Honora says his letter was very cheerful & agreeable

Sneyd had been presented to the King & Queen, & hadbeen most affably received here are his own words "The Queen stood talking tome a full quarter of an hour & it is astonishing the number of subjects, thatwere mentioned in that short time - She spoke of Maria, her works, asked aboutmy Father & Mother - then enquired where I had travelled - spoke of FranceSwisserland & Italy - of the King of England's intended marriage with LadyFrances Conyngham - said that the Princess Esterhazy had told her that the Kingpaid no attention to Lady F C - inquired particularly about Harriette's health- where she lodged &c two or three times the King came up to her, & putin a word - at last with the utmost politeness He carried me off to show me anadmirable picture of Wilkie's The Queen brought a candle to throw more light onit - When I took it out of her Majesty's hand the King held it himself &pointed out the Humour of piece, whichwas the reading of a testament - He then took me to another corner of the roomto shew me a Moreland - When I have the pleasure of seeing you at dinner youwill have a better light for the pictures." They bowed to Mr Taylor & me,& were going when they turned back to invite me to their ball for the nextevening. - I had told all this to Harriette & drunk tea - when I heard anoise in the street (a very unusual thing here) & went to the window - whenI saw all the Sky behind the dark Palace apposite to us, lighted up, &columns of smoke, apparantly issuing from the further side of it - but thedanger was not as near as for a moment I apprehend - it was the New Theatre,near a quarter of a mile off that was burning - the Sky looked as I am sure itmust when vesuvius is in Eruption. When we passed the corner of the PrinceEugenie's palace we saw the flames rising over the royal residence in terrificfury - The sparks rose like rockets, & fell a black shower all round us -the theatre was full when the fire began - but one life has been lost, &that by the falling of a beam, when they were attempting to distinguish theflames - but that was impossible - Almost all the water was frozen - & thelittle Engines could throw was inefficent - Some of those very pictures I hadbeen admiring an hour before - the diamonds - & the papers of value - weresent out of the residence - The old King put on his uniform to superintend theSoldiers who were summoned by the beat of drum from all parts - The Queen ranabout the Corridors distracted - The alarm bells sounded all night - but orderwas admirably resumed - & when the flames raged most furiously, the streetswere as still & silent as ordinary midnight. - All people who went out werecompelled to assist in carrying water - this made the Majority keep their houses

Being convinced at midnight that the fire had notcommunicated to the King's residence, we went to bed & I to sleep no soHarriette who shewed astonishing collectedness during this alarm - The firestill continues but is kept very much under - one theatre is destroyed - &the Italian opera house which connects it with the royal residence is burningbut by tearing down the most combustible parts they hope to save it & breakoff the communication" Here ends the extract from Sneyd's - it has taken up muchof my letter, but I was sure it would interest you my dearest Fanny - I was upjust at 6 this morning & wrote from where the date is & then wentbefore 8 to dress - & now breakfast having long been over - & Bess & I having read Italiantogether, & I having read my Aristo to myself - here I am seated - afteragain dressing the poor abscess - at a quarter before 12 o'clock to continue mytalk to my best & dearest, I will finish the Es before I go on - Lovell isat home now & uncommonly well & his school in fine order - he is a verybusy magistrate - so that he does not give up every day to the school now as heused. - He has made a little band as some of his boys who were musical &Sophy says they play wonderfully well - some of the bad days this winter theyhad them to play in the staircase & it sounded very well - they lay theirmusic books on the long hall table - when the evenings are fine, they play onthe roads near the town, & many of the labourers come after their work isdone, perhaps a mile or two to hear them - Maria E is still at Black Castle& has been there since November! an immense visit - & now she has gotYoung Fan with her - so she is very happy - you are quite the fashion with her;- all she has heard of you & your excellent mind & of your admirableletters has interested & pleased her so much that she has written about youto Lady Bathurst - & intends to keep up her ladyships interest for you byrepeated communications - I saw a letter from Lady B - in which she did indeedexpress herself really interested for you by the way - I am afraid I told youthis before - but there is no harm in repeating what must give you pleasure oldFanny is very well - & as busy as ever with her garden, pruning her fruittrees & routing about - poor Aunt Mary is pretty well, but seemed to feelthe cold of the winter very much. - Indeed throughout all parts of Europe aswell as these islands - the winter has been more severe than for many manyyears - in Scotland the paper mentions large flocks of hundreds of sheep, &their shepherds as missing - & it is supposed they perished in the snow -In Ireland they have nothing like it since 1814 - Here we had long continuedvery hard frost - & exceedingly cold - but very little snow. Since Febybegan there has been very little frost but continual rain & storm - I dontthink Spring flowers - or leaf buds are at all more forward here than with us& as to the fields they are brown, & very unlike the verdure of poordestracted Ireland - Ireland is now in a worse state than ever - for LordWellesley would not allow the dressing of King William on the 5th ofNovr - The Orange people were so angry they got up a riot at the play house onenight his Excellency was there & there was a battle & a rattle thrown -some say - at him - The rioters were taken & behold the Grand Jury wouldnot find the bills - The Attorney Gen1 (Mr Plunkett) forced a 2d trial in a waywhich is called Ex officio - & after much speaking against the offenders byMr P - & for them by Mr North - behold the Jury never could agree about theverdict - & after being kept ever so long shut up - were dismissed &there ended the affair - Mr P is much laughed at by many - & the Orangemenso far from being put down are rendered more violent than ever & arerapidly encreasing - & are all openly wishing L W to be removed - at theBeefsteak club - lately - one toast was - The Exports of Ireland - & maythe first be those who would subvert the Constitution - Sir Charles Vernon- Mr Gore - & Capt Stanhope all belonging to the Castle were there, &joined in the toast & its reiterated plaudits - Next day, behold they allreceived their dismissal - poor Sir Charles had a fit it is said - at thisshock - & they say he will recover the loss of his place & of his dearlittle cottage - Every thing is in such a violent state, that there is noknowing when it will end - I hope some one has sent you Newspapers - I havebeen enquiring through Francis, the best way to send them - & he has gotpermission from the same friend in Lord Bathurst's office who forwards myletters, to send 4 newspapers every month - I have therefore desired our deathCaptain to select the best weekly papers & to send it regularly - & Ihope you may get it safe & that it may amuse you & dear Tom - He saidhe could not send more than 4 in each packet I beg you will tell me if you getthe letters safely that I send in Ld Bs packet - & whether they cost youmuch - I am in a state of great impatience to hear from you or of you my dearfriends - a longer time has elapsed than there was between any of your formerletters - & I cannot help having a hundred fears & anxieties about yourhaving been able to resist the very great cold my dear Fanny - & about thechildren who were so indifferent, though better - when you wrote to Aunt Susannovr 28 which is the last account of any kind, we have had you - Sometimes Itake it into my head that in your impatience to cross the Lake you set outbefore the Ice was firm enough - & that Oh! My dear Child I cannot writesuch a shocking fear - God forbid that such a horrid horrid thing shd happen -Oh no - I hope it is only that your letter has been delayed, & that noillness - nor misfortune nor any shocking thing has prevented you from writing.Your last letter to me, finished Novr 25 was most delightful - so full oftenderness & sympathy & true kindness - indeed I am sure you have oftenoften wished yourself now & then near us & able to soothe & comfortus - but my dear love as to your thinking it was selfish of you to leave us& marry - is a very dull fancy & I could not help laughing & cryingat once at it - No no - 3 of one family are surely enough for our vocation -What a wife would have been lost, had you remained in the Singular Noun state -Heaven forbid that you not had opportunity to exercise all those admirablequalities & virtues with which God has gifted you - In the choice you havemade, you have been so fortunate as to secure your own happiness - and you havehad more trials already to shew your excellence than most people have - &Thank God you have fulfilled all our anxious hopes Oh! May Heaven graciouslypreserve you to us, & continue to give your steady strength of mind &of body. - Your letters are the greatest delight & comfort to us dear - Ithank you much for telling me of the birds & plants &c - all thosethings are very interesting to me - & make me feel as if I knew better whatyou are about - & I dare say you will tell me many little things that maybe of use to me in a little book I am thinking of setting about soon for youngpeople - I have just finished a little story for the poor in the style of JamesRisbly - I began New Years day & after various interruptions of letters,& finishing books in a hurry I finished it yesterday - Last Tuesday Annadrank tea out - & I read Part 1st of it to Bess - & quitebeyond my hopes she was pleased with it - Oh dear Fanny you were with us - thefirst time I ventured to read out one of my stories I could not help feelingdisappointed all the time I was reading it that you were not here now - suchnonsense!

This time 2 years ago you were with us, & every feel ofthe air & sound & smell brings to my mind that time - & your littlevisit of last year too was not forgotten for also it came to my mind but toostrongly - & for alas it came to my mind but too strongly - & on thatday - the anniversary of the stormy day you left us - Oh how I thought over allthe past - & all you have gone through & have done & have seensince - but I ought to tell you something besides my own cogitations - Spain& France are going to War, & it is thought England must take part - butI hope this will not be the case - & I truly hope the Americans will be atpeace - The appearance of things begins to mend a little - corn of all kindshas had a little rise - & the new chancellor of the Exchequer has proposedto take off all the assessed taxes in Ireland - & to diminish very much thetax on Distilling - duty I believe I should call it - both in Ird &Scotland; I think this will do more for the peace & improvement of thecountry than anything -

I suppose Catherine has told you of the very unexpecteddeath of the poor Bishop of Meath of a mortification in the bowels - he had anillness of but 2 days - so that the shock to all the family was very great - hemade Dr Fisher tell him honestly if there was danger - very great Fisher said -The Bishop was silent, & little shocked for a few minutes - then recoveredhimself - made friend Butler write letters on business - signed all leases& papers that were ready - Sent for Gerrard who had not paid rent &said to him I have not signed your lease Mr Gerrard because your rent is notpaid - Will you promise to pay Mr Obeirne after I have gone - if you will, Iwill sign your lease - he promised - so the poor Bp signed it - he was veryuneasy about a deed he had ordered to be prepared to prevent Lewis fromspending his fortune - it had not come & he was very anxious to sign it.

The shock brought on terrible spasms on poor Mrs OB - butthey are all pretty well now - that is as well in health as they can be aftersuch a shock - He was 84 - He died with 50,000 - has left 20,000 to Mrs OB10,000 to each of the girls - 5000 to Lewis. - How fortunate Mr Brabazon was toget the living of Painstown before this happened. - The Ruxtons will have greatloss of the poor Obeirnes - nothing is known yet of the new Bishop - Ruxtonsare all pretty well now - but have had illness all winter - poor Sophy had abad attack on her chest - They have been much grieved by the death of poorTownley Filgate a very amiable clergyman - & he & his wife were thehappiest & most contented nice little couple - Sir James & Lady Foulisare still at Bloomsbury at Mr Barnewalls - I dont know how long to stay - Theyspeak of going to pay a visit soon to the Brabazons Leonora Brabazon has beenvery bilious all the winter - but is better - she is preparing now to removefrom Clonard to Painstown, & I dare say the fuss will be of use to her -Philip was at his Examn about 3 weeks ago - he was taken in for the classicalpremium & fought hard for it - They say it ought to have been his - but DrElington chose to give it to a pupil of his own - Speaking of the Collegebrings Mr Singer to my mind. I see by the paper that his lady has just produceda daughter - He was talking a great deal of you lately to Anne Lyne who met himat Mrs Arabian's at dinner - & he spoke most highly of you - He said thathe knew a person a friend of Tom's who had not liked you much when he firstknew you - but from the time of your husbands misfortunes, your characteropened to him & he thinks you now the first woman in the world - The Lynesare all well - so are the Cottage girls except Harriet who is very delicate hascough & side pain - but has been relieved a little by blister & medication- Dr Duncan Percival say there is no danger. The Hamiltons are all well - &notwithstanding the severity of this winter - Mrs H has got through itremarkably well. I hear from Bell very often & in every letter she enquiresmost affectionately for you - & desires me to tell you how warmlyinterested they all feel for you - & how much they rejoice that the land& place you have got, is such as you & Tom like. The Wallaces are well& always are interested about you - The weather has been so bad, we havemet but seldom - your friend Mr Lindsay is much attached to you - he is now ourconstant visitor, coming every 2 day with a Belfast newspaper to Bess - &if he meets Anne or me out walking he is sure to turn & join us - he is agreat gossip - but never knows anything he tells, clearly - & he mixesevery here & there - "and all that" - & "altogether" - he is muchannoyed at the badness of the butter here, & the dearness of Potatoes -& that the fields are not green like Ireland - and he is moreover veryindignant at Lady Donegal for interfering in some Ball the Gentlemen in theneighbourhood of Belfast are to give to the Ladies - & he complains to usabout it very often - he says Lady Donegal & Mrs Vaughn have doneeverything they possibly could to draw Wm Wallace into marrying Miss Vernon buthe would not - He is improving Malone very much - Hill Wallace is in France -Mr Lindsay says he never saw any one so improved as Harriet Sturrock since hervisit to England - she is grown so handsome & besides that her manners aremuch more affable - she has lost the proud high manner she used to have. - LadyStewart now Lady Londonderrry wanted her very much to live with her always -but her Mother would not consent - We have got acquainted with an English ladya Mrs Cheseldon & her friend Miss Boughton - They first lodged in thishouse - but we did not know them till they went next door - Anne drank teathere - there was no one else - it was not very pleasant - We have latelybecome known to Miss Hughes sister to your Uncle Mun's agent - She is I suppose60 - or 55 - she looks very brisk & fresh - seems very good natured talks agreat deal very quick - & has taken me particularly under her protectionbecause she had know Fanny E a little - when they lived here in 1782 so sheconsiders me as an old acQuaintance - Through her we have also becomeacquainted with a very nice old lady - a Mrs Travell - She is 84 - her mind isperfect, very strong & very active - her eye is as bright & animated asyours - She has been always very literary - & is beloved by all who knowher & she has 17 nieces who are she says the best nieces that ever were -They are always some one or other with her. Now this lady is aunt to a certainMrs Whalley who lodged in the house with us 20 years ago at Bristol - & whomI dare say you may remember our speaking of as being very agreeable - MrsWhalley had 2 daughters there - 2 Miss Buxtons - the eldest married & died- & left 2 children - the 2d Jane Buxton who was about 12 or 13 at thattime - is still unmarried, & devoted to her sister's children - Miss Buxtonwas here 3 months this winter - with Mrs Travell - how very provoking that Idid not know it - she is now away - but is to be next week here again & Ishall be very glad indeed to see her - how changed she will find me - wrinkledpale & faded - I am to drink tea with Mrs Travell on the 6th tomeet her - I find too that her mother that Mrs Whalley I liked so much, washere in summer for 2 months - & we never met - perhaps we met 50 times, but20 years make a thick veil

I shall have great pleasure in meeting these oldacquaintances - at any rate I am very glad indeed to know such a nice warmhearted sensible old lady as Mrs Travell -

Some mistake has been made about me, & she was told Iwas not the Miss B who had been in the house with Miss Buxton - and when shediscovered that I was her very person - She exclaimed "Oh! I am so glad! thenyou are my own Miss Beaufort that I have so often heard of - So that I feel asif you were my own old friend - Anne likes her very much - She has come heretwice to see Bess & each time Bess has been out in the chair & theyhave not met. There is one great drawback however on the pleasure of conversingwith her - She has a paralytic affection in her organs of speech which makesher articulation very indistinct & difficult to understand - without greatattention - I am afraid Bess will not be able to understand her well - Anne& I do very tolerably - You would be surprised to see how stout &active she is - she walks a great deal - We continue to like the Miss Whinyatesvery much of whom I told you - [ ] MrBroadhurst is not yet married [ ] Besshas been reading Southey's history of the Peninsul War, & is much delightedwith it - She is now reading the Life of Marie Antoinette - We are reading outa nice sort of book called Body & Soul in which there are differentsketches of stories of people who all come to consult a Dr Freeman - anexcellent rational clergyman of sound doctrine & amiable manners - Thereare one or two touches in painting his character that resemble a little my dearFather -

If I can I will send it to you - I have not got your list ofcommissions - I hope I shall have that if we go to London which I hope we shall- I may pick up nice things there for you - I have not heard anything lately ofany of Tom's friends - except that Mr Stewart has got another farm - & thatthe new curate of Drum is going to live at Wilmont which is fitting up for him- the Berrys are in a ruined state - There has been an Auction at Middleton -& Mr & Mrs J Berry are to live at Drumcree either in the house with MrSmyth or some say - in the house which Mrs Smyth had built for a Jointure house- She you know is dead. We have lately read a very odd little book called theConfessions of an English opium eater - it seems as if it was true - & isreally very interesting - he brought himself to take the most astonishingquantity of it - at first the affects were delightful - but after a few years -it had the most shocking affect on his nerves, & on his stomach - Tell thatto Tom as a warning for I know he is a great taker of opium. Tell Tom I expectsome commissions from him as well as you - tell him we feel great delight inhis being so well pleased with his land - and that some time or other I amdetermined to go & visit you & him in your Loghouse - Ah dearest Fannyyou hold out such a blessed hope that you will yet come & see us - in twoyears - God grant it - Oh such happiness dear dear Fanny I wont let myselfthink too much of it - Now adieu I have been writing all day & I believe Ihave said everything & about everybody - Anne is well & very fat -

I am well & strong & quite fat - but ugly &wrinkly & muddy & have the toothache a little always - We shall be herefor some months still - you may direct here till I tell you where we go or whatwe shall do with ourselves. - I hope we shall go to London. We have not heardof the Maynes this long time. Yesterday we heard from Mary Sutton. they seemdetermined to come here in Spring - Sutton has been bilious all the rest wellRobt Noble has had a fever but is well - Foley & Peggy are going on as wellas possible & always look very happy when we tell them we have heard fromyou -Peggy begs I will give her love to Miss Anna Maria & the children -Dear Fanny I hope we shall soon know that they are well or that you have noanxiety - & that you are well & not frozen to death

I think you might put your lines closer &make your tailsof your letters shorter You put 2 fs in afraid - your account of dear A M givesus all great pleasure - I mean before she was ill - what you say of herusefulness [ ]

dear Fanny in attending to her manners as well as the moreimportant parts of education - what ever her future fate may be, it will in anycase be an advantage to her an inexpressible one to have polished pleasingmanners Now God bless you all from my heart & all our hearts we send you& Tom & children our hearty blessing & tender love - & I am youknow my beloved child Every your own


Sidney Fortescue but indifferent

[Addressed to

Thos Stewart Esqre


Newcastle District

Upper Canada]

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