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Accession Number: 78-008

78-008/2/8 #150

Oct 19. 34

[ ] Stevenson's mill goes on well & he has great business; but I rejoice that Tom has no share in it - for it is thought there will be great difficulty after some years in procuring Logs.

However by that time they will have the Flour mill (which is to be added) to keep them going. Mr S. seems to be quite satisfied - & Tom thinks he has made a very good bargain - as after some time the rent is to increase - so I hope he has.

I fear, dear Harriet you think I am terrible harrassed & worried with all I have to do - but do you know I never spent such an idle summer, & I never feel oppressed now by my needle work as I used to do - one thing goes on quietly after another & we never seem in a fuss - and indeed we are very happy & comfortable. I have two maids, one, the old one who has been with me 4 years; she does not over fatigue herself, but still gets through her regular routine, milking, baking, cooking, washing - cleaning all part of the house adjacent to & belonging to the kitchen; and also the man servants room which is over it - & occasionaly attending to Charles - & spinning wool in spare hours.

The other maid, a tidy little girl of 16, cleans all the rooms - lays out tables at meal times - clean knives, candle sticks etc., washes up cups & glasses - irons all the clothes - & nurses Charles if she is at a loss for employment, but this does not often happen - She is a very nice good tempered modest little girl & I hope she may not grow foolish; her brother is our labourer which makes her happy

Novr 4 I have been very busy preparing winter clothing for Tom etc. trousers for him & the 3 older boys - off a web of cloth manufactured from our own wool - which Tom wish theyd be made at home - I cut them out on Monday & they were finished by Saturday -

So they are all very comfortable & warm with good thick trowsers & strong little socks all from our own sheep - & most of the worsted for knitting spun in our own house as well as knit by our own fingers

You will think that I am making a boast of our industry - but I really do not intend it so I know you are interested in all we do - & therefore tell you these little things. But I assure you I walk every day - Thank God I can say that I think we are one of the healthiest families in the world

78-008/2/9 #151

Dublin June 11, 1835

Thank God, dearest Fanny, I once more address you from our dear native land. Seven months we have been away, and only returned just in time to witness the last days of our poor sister Mrs Kirkpatrick -

Surely the angel of death has been at work amongst us, and in almost every house of late - of the Stock family four of the numbers have been taken - Edwin, Arthur, Charles & Lucius within two years. Our dearly loved Bess Waller & John Noble & now Mrs Kirkpatrick! I suppose your neighbour Stafford will have heard the sad news of his mother's death before this reaches you, but there was all that can soften such a loss to her family for she died in the full & blessed hope of a happy eternity through her Saviour's merits alone. - We left this last October, taking Anne Kirkpatrick and little Bessy Rothwell with us to Cheltenham. The latter was perfectly well while there & I was in great delight at bringing her home in such good health & good looks, little dreaming of the anxious moments awaiting us, for the dear child became seriously ill on our arrival in Dublin& for some days seemed fluctuating between death & life, but thanks to the Lord she has been spared to us - but to us a little longer. This cause has kept us from leaving Town and obliged us to summon Richard & Bessy and their trusty Nurse, & to take a house for the time being, leaving the rest of the poor children at Rockfield under the care of their governess.

And now before I come to the little account between your husband & mine by which he will perceive that he may draw on A. Kirkpatrick forthwith for £ 41:15:9

Thos A. Stewart, Esq. in acct with Revd T. Sutton

By half years interest from Wm Waller dec. 11th March 1835

£ 59:10:9

By one years interest at the Bank to 11th July 1835

£ 29:2:10


To balance due T. Sutton from last account

£ 0:17:10

To cash paid Harriet Beaufort for commissions

£ 46:0:0

A Bill to be drawn on Alexr Kirkpatrick

£ 41:15:9

E.E. £ 88:13:7

June 11, 1835

There now the business part is over except one more little affair. Mr McCready the attorney has had T. Stewart's property in the North surveyed as no doubt Harriet has told you. The Surveyer's demand is £ 40, which Mr McCready says he thinks might be reduced to £ 20 if it was promptly tendered. Sutton will not pay anything whatever without Tom's express orders - Our little Bess's complaint was inflammation of the pleura, or membrane covering the lungs. She was bled & blistered & starved and is thin & bleached but children soon pull up lost flesh & colour in the pure country air. You are very happy dear Fanny in having your flock so healthy and so hardy. I long to hear from yourself how you go on & your numerous family - Bessy's little 7 are like a little flock of chickens running after her -

We just saw Harriet & Louisa once or twice before they sailed to pay their long promised visit to Francis. They both looked well, though their deep mourning was unbecoming to their thin faces, and poor Harriet had suffered lately from erisipelas - I have no doubt their life in London will be pleasant to all parties if they have but health to enjoy it - I heard from our dear Kate a few days ago. George was happily enabled to attend the dying bed of his poor mother, and with the rest of her children to minister to her comforts. Kate was alone during this time for a fortnight, but seems to have screwed her courage up to the necessity of the care, as she made no complaints, poor dear Kate, I wish we had her nearer to us - I am glad you are so much pleased with Mrs Stafford K. Her sister is pleasing & gentle-woman like in manners also.

We have been kept in Dublin now nearly three weeks and you may think how delighted we are at the permission to go to the country tomorrow with our very precious little Bess, who is to fatten up on a little good country fare of buttermilk, stirabout, and asses milk - Bessy the mother desires me to give her kind love to you - her boy is nearly a year old now & she is still a very good nurse to him. He is a healthy fellow & prettier than the girls - Adieu my dearest Fanny, Yr Uncle joins in kind love to you & Tom & in wishing every blessing may be the portion of both of you & your dear children

Ever your affec.



Via New York

Thos A Stewart Esqre



Upper Canada

To the care

of M.J. Baring

Brothers & Co.



June 30 1835

Kingston Up-Can

July 25]

78-008/2/9 #152

Rockfield August 9, 1835

Your letter dated June 30 reached me this morning, my very dear Fanny and I have an opportunity of sending this tomorrow to Dublin, I lose not a moment in replying to your anxious enquiries respecting your Allenstown friends. I am truly sorry to find you have suffered so much anxiety owing to the irregularity of your packets; but I must scold you a little for letting your affectionate heart dwell upon gloomy anticipation. We are all now well thanks to the Giver of all good, and we all love you and delight to think of you, our dear excellent Fanny. I wrote to you about the 13th of June, on our arrival in Dublin, & by Sutton's desire allowing your good husband to draw on AC for £ 41:15:9 and sending the particulars of the account between us. I hope you received it in good time as it was directed to the care of the Liverpool merchants who never fail to ship the Coolmine letters carefully, but I repeat the mention of the sum lest anything should have delayed the letter. That also gave an account of the death of our dear & valued sister, Mrs Kirkpatrick; and of the severe illness of my precious young charge, little Bessy Rothwell, that thanks to God, terminated favourably, and she is now extremely well & strong & able to run & jump & play like the rest of the group, who are all blooming with health and happiness -

Your Aunt Waller is a pattern of resigned submission to Heaven's mile. She is cheerful & much as formerly in manner, but it is plain that her thoughts are continuously with her loved John, her chief delight is in talking of him; of his early piety & his devoted love to his Saviour, and of her conviction that he was received at once through that blessed master into the regions of eternal glory, her eyes sparkle at the delightful thought of soon following this dear son, which she says is the course of nature cannot be long delayed. But she may mistake! Mrs Montrey thought so when the grave closed over her only one, & yet she lives to say "grief does not kill" -

Mr Tisdall is another who has gone to his rest, & who now sleeps in Jesus; he died about 3 weeks on the day his son attained his 19th year. This son is very promising. I trust will be a blessing to the rest. The marriage of Harriet Tisdall with young Chaloner of Kingsford, 2d son of Mrs Cole Hamilton, is a happy circumstance. Bessy received your letter also this morning relative to poor Clemena's unhappy son. What a sad thorn he is in her heart! Though she knows not half his depravity I dare say he was an apt scholar, but so made his uncle Francis Martley his school master in vice. This wretched Francis, whom you may remember a very promising boy, fell into all kinds of excesses by the bad company he met in Dublin, and died a martyr to dissipation at the age of 32 but not before mercy had been shown to his sinful soul; he died a sincere penitent. He married some person much beneath him & has left two or three children. I fear James is a worthless character also, but John& Henry are most estimable - I see by this day's paper the death of a young person on whom I always looked with much interest. I will copy the paragraph: "On the 4th instant aged 18, Frances Maria Johnson only child of the late Thomas Johnson of Ballymacash, co. Antrim, Esq" - you must know that her mother has been a widow again for some years, with a second family. The same paper has the marriage of Letitia Adelaide, daughter of George Black, Esq. of Stranmillis, to Henry Thompson, Esq. of Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin. If you received my letter written in June, dearest, you must perceive that the detention of your money was unavoidable owing to to the large order sent to Harriet in the Spring. What remained after her taking £ 46 was not worth transmitting but I hope your wants were supplied with in a few days after the date of your letter as I sent mine from Dublin on the 13th. William is indeed an excellent paymaster, and show a degree of cleverness & punctuallity in money matters which his poor father never possessed. If his life is spared the estate will be free from debt in some years; an event which appeared totally impossible at the time it became his. The poor fellow looks very thin and serious. John's death was taken much to heart by him, & more still by James, but the good spirits of the latter still prevail - God grant the impression, the example may not be soon effaced - Robert is the delight of his heart & her boy Wm Henry a fine fat merry stump but "nae Beauty". Mr Joseph Palmer whom he engaged as curate has been obliged to leave on account of ill health. Alas! where is John's like to be found! You know of course that Harriet & Louisa are with Francis still in London, seeing all the Lions & wonders of that Babylon - Maria had a letter last week from Louisa giving an account of some of their doings, and mentioning a plan they had in contemplation of taking a skylarking expedition up the Rhine for a fortnight or so - I hope they may do so, for poor Francis wants a little relaxation as much as anyone: his close application to business, & want of exercise hurting his health. I am sure Harriet will write you a particular account of all they see & do - (now go to the crossing, Bessy claiming my flaps) You, dearest, & to Tom Stewart, & love & blessing to your dear children from their old Aunt. Ever believe me, my own loved child, your affecte M S

A great colony of Battersbys are gone to Gore & the London districts. Three of them to their cousins Miss Joneses - One remains however in Dublin - They are sons of Leslie Batersby who was married to Miss Palmer - You may recollect Mrs Edw Batersby also, who used to amuse you so much in this country - She & her husband & three sons have all gone off too - somewhere near the Grand River - Blakeney (Aunt Waller's nephew) to Cayuga - A whole family of Armstrongs went on the faith of Radcliffe's letters from Canada - found all was not [ ] etc., rose & came home - Bessy has been so occupied she could not find a moment to write - but she will write a satisfactory letter when she can send it to Harriet to enclose.


To America by New York

Thomas Alexr Stewart Esqre



Upper Canada

Care of

M Baring

Brothers & Co



Aug 12 1835

Kingston Up-Can

Ship Sep 23]

78-008/2/9 #153

5 Royl Canal Terrace 23rd December - 35

My dear Robt - You are doubtless aware, ere this, of the change of mind that was the consequence of a dangerous illness I had last Sept - as to Canada - upon my recovery, reflecting more deeply upon the subject I became persuaded that emigrating wd not in the scale of human probabilities, make as much for the welfare of myself & family, as my remaining here might do - and I renounce the intention, tho' with considerable reluctance - I have now cast the die - by taking a house in Village about 4 miles form Baltinglass Co Wicklow & 40 from Dublin - where I look forwd to remove to in Apl. about a fortnight ago Tom & Anna arrived - very well - & only one of the children unwell - but she is since better. Their passage was short but 19 days. They are at the house of his Father, as we had not a bed to offer - Tom appears very unsettled in his way - & I cannot but think matters in Canada wd be still worse with him than they are had he not availed himself of yr advise, & been profited by yr assistance - he speaks very gratefully of yr friendship & I trust his conduct in every respect towards you will tally with his profession & acknowledgets - He allowed some days to pass over here, before informing me of the exact state of his affairs. I see that he is much involved in consequence of Spectations & Bills; as far as Martha & you are implicated with him in Bills, I beg you'll freely & fully let me know; his situation is such that I can not decline letting him have an additional £ 200 on Anna's acct, but this sum be assured shall not be handed over to him until I'm certain that neither Martha or you will suffer any loss by him - so after this plain & fixed determination on my part, shd any thing unpleasant hereafter arise I cannot hold myself culpable - It is doubtful whether a Situation is this Country will be found for Tom - in this case he must return to Peterboro', and where he may still make his way by not being in a haste to be rich & by avoiding Debts & Bills. Blayy purposes going out in Apl but whether to stay or not, is uncertain - Shd Tom not go out again B. Wd scarcely remain, nor indeed in this view as I favourable myself to his remaining; so great & numerous are the temptations there from the love of Drink & idle Compy &c. that his situation wd prove I fear too perilous; on his return to settle matters, he'll much need yr advice, & you'll still add to that thankfulness & gratitude I already bear towards you by taking as interest in his Affairs. I have given him any Property I paid for there & will also enable him to clear off what's due - so that he'll be free to act according to circumstances - T. Armstrong says that the last payt made by him to T. Harvey on my Acct was the last half of £ 42 (the Anl sum agreed upon) & the receipt was left by him with Dr Hutcheson - I'll trouble to ask the Doctor whether he has it & be sure to let me know - I told Tom that could not send a London Bill for yr use until March - but wd readily accept any Bill from you. I pay due attention to it so do as most convenient to yrself in this matter. I do not know whether Mr McCready has stopped the ultimate execution of the Chancellor's Decree for a sale of the Stewart Property, on the ground of Tom Stewart's supposed claim; if Tom heard the amt of the different Costs, it wd cool him a little about going to Law - I shd think myself, that he is too late incoming forwd - but certainly had John's Assignee announced at Mrs s-ts death, his claim on it. Tom's right was plain & indeed so plain that Mrs Mathias who will probably get £ 9000 additional by her Brothers being passed by - Shd in Equity restore that Sum either to Tom or the Legatees, who wd have been secured on that Property has J.S. stood his ground but a few months longer - but his religious Lady is not likely to cut this part - I got a letter from Martha a few days ago wh troubled my mind a good deal until I called on Tom A. to explain the matter. She wrote about - Iwd be glad to have yr opinion on the matter - in his acct of Debts one item is 25 as a kind of joint debt to the Bank incurred by him & Martha - Is this correct? -

I rejoice to learn that you made such a progress to clearing so much of yr land, and I trust your latter days will be smoothed by peace and an ample supply of all necessary comforts - I am by no means so strong or hardy as I was before I had the Fever - so that a garden will probably be enough to occupy my leisure time at my new Residence - There are almost a Doz. families in the Village - & it's neighbourhood who meet on that 1st day of the week in the Primitive mode, & this circumstance chiefly induces me to pitch my Tent there. Alas my dear Robt - what a wretched matter human Life & all its accompaniments wd be, were it not for the good - the living hope, the xtian has in believing solely & Exclusively in the Attonement more by the Son of God as the one thing needful for a sinner who can thus go in his way rejoicing in that abundant mercy that sought his & by wh he is kept - Give mine & Lydia's Sincere & affecte love to Maria & to John & all yr family - Tell Martha that I have left the subject she wrote about to yr inspection, & assure her that I have been trying to serve her with Mrs Hoare, from when I think it likely, in my pressing mattes, relative to Martha's wants, that I shall receive a sum of money to remit to her - Shd you - maria or John need any thing particularly - I entreat with all Sincerety you'll let me know & by Blayy I trust to attend to your wishes - Now farewell - Write soon& believe me dear robt yr sincere & affece Blayy Mitchell


By Ship

via Liverpool

Robt Reid Esqr

D Griffith





Feb 16

New York


FEB 40


FE 24


78-008/2/9 #154Travels continued

You say dear Fanny that I stopped at my arrival at Ems. At Ems we had rooms in the same hotel with Fanny Wilson The Hotel de Russie a very large house - There are several there - Ems is in 2 parts - first the village of a few small streets & one long one - The Church is there too - then as the road goes near the river the houses cease at the river side of it - & there is only one row of houses at the hill side of the road - with high hills mostly covered with vineyards rising up close behind the houses from where the lodging houses begin - on to the end of it all is almost half a mile long - All that part is called Bad Ems - for bad means bath & that part of the town has been gradually built for people coming to drink & bath in the water - Some of the houses are very large particularly the Kur-Haus - which means care house - it was one of the first built & has 350 beds in it - & a great number of baths in little separate rooms - & in that house is the pump room - & the places where the different springs are drunk being there. It is a very long & handsome room with groined roof - at one side is the hottest spring wh is strong of sulphur - & a woman stands behind a sort of circular counter on which are glasses - & to wh the drinkers go - she turns a cock in a pump & fills a glass - At one end of that long room is a very small one - there you find another spring - There is a little flight of steps at bottom of wh stands a young woman who turn a cock & fills your glass which she hands up stretching up a sort of counter like the other. - All along each side & end of the pump room are little shops - as it were - a table on wh are laid out the goods to be sold - & beside which generally sits the person who sells - books in some - millinary - haberdashery - hardware - & Jewellery - China Glass &c. - people walk between the glasses -

Now I will tell you a whole day's occupation from which you may have a good notion of every day - All up very early - so as to be in the pump room at 7 - drink one glass & walked ¼ of an hour - another glass & then walked & came home - breakfast soon after eight - then Frs went to the Post Office & we all sat down to our reading or letters or Journals & (or mending clothes perhaps) with great vigour - I forgot to say that at breakfast we had very good coffee - of wh we disposed of 2 great coffee pots - & a large jug of boiling milk - & huge dish of rolls & toasts of bread - Some in rings some in tortuous knots - some in snakes - Sometimes we walked out a little - but in general it was too hot - a little before one - we settled our selves - I put on a better cap & frill & washed hands - & down we all went to Fanny Wilsons drawing room at one as soon as the bell rang - & then the 2 parties went down stairs together to dinner - we always dined at the table d'hote - the style & order of eating. I think I did mention in my former chapter - the room was long & with a return to it - & in the full season there is a great number at dinner - but I think we were seldom more than 40 or 50 - Early as the hour was we continued to dine mighty well - the table was long & narrow - & we were placed comfortably opposite one another half at one, & half at the other - dinner lasted always an hour - sometimes more - at dinner

Then we all went back to our respective sitting rooms & occupations - & having finished letters - & rested - & waited for the heat to be less - We all sailed out to walk & ramble about - at 4 or 5 - according to fancy early or late -

There are various vallies branching into one another - & hills some bare, some wooded - & little roads very bad in general - & wild paths - & pretty villages so that we had variety of wild walks - besides which on the hill at the opposite side - beyond the river & a green flat ground - rose a very high pointed hill which was well planted up to the top - & through which several grand walks had been made - These are called after the names of the duchess of Nassau - one was called Louisaweg - another Margarettaweg - weg means way or road - & is pronounced as spelled with v - veg. - There are silver mines in the neighbourhood to wh we walked one evening - & saw the process - which shall be for a separate chapter - we returned home about half past seven or so all excessively hungry - when oceans of coffee & huge dishes of rolls in a very short time disappeared. We had a very small sitting room for ourselves - Fanny Wilson & the Beddoes had a larger one - a story lower (I thought we should have some time spent the evenings with her - but we never did - I believe she thought the children would be noisy or troublesome - but it was rather odd - but when we went out to walk we were always together, she on her donkey & Mrs Bedoes on hers - and sometimes Francis had a couple of donkeys for us to ride & tie when he thought we shd be tired - but I hate riding on a donkey) - After tea - or rather, coffee, was over there was not very long till bed time Francis read prayers - & then before ten he & every one but the two old ladies decamped before ten as they had to be up so early - Lou & I always staid till eleven & sometimes later! wicked old women! - we had a very nice little room with 2 beds in it - N.B. All the beds I saw every where in this region - or almost all - were sofa beds without curatins or canopy - & the blankets were made of Cotton very thick & soft & light - all cotton

One evening we got 2 carriages into which the 2 parties all packed - & drove off to the town of Nassau which is a beautiful spot - a very picturesque old town - a wooded mount on which are the ruins of an ancient castle belonging to the Dukes - There are nice walks all about the hill too - & there is over the river a very nice little suspension bridge. Some of the old houses have a great deal of handsome carving on them - for I should have told you this all the cottages - & old houses are like the English cottages exactly frame work with plaster & mason work between - high pitched roofs - & usually 2 stories high - one or two that I looked into looked very comfortable within. The evening was delightful the drive beautiful & everyone happy - We all enjoyed it very much - along the sides of the roads were apple & pear trees covered with fruit - no fences in general - sometime are open paling painted of the colours of the sovereign - so -

It was so late in the season that the company were daily leaving Ems - wh was no loss to us as we only cared for our own dear selves. - Fanny Wilson & the Beddoes left it on Thursday the 10th and on Tuesday the 15th we left it having been just a fortnight exactly there - I felt sorry to leave it we were so pleasant & had such delightful walks & scrambles every evening but Francis's time was so limited that he thought he could not spare more for Ems - particularly as Louisa did not think she received much benefit from drinking the waters & bathing in them - So on Tuesday at eight oclock we set out in 2 carriages - & travelling through the town of Nassau went by a beautiful road as far as Schwalbach Langan where we dined - I think you have a book called the Bubbles of the brunners in wh you find that place mentioned - there is a spa there which many people find very useful - having dined there, we set forward again & we arrived about four I think - or near five indeed at Wisbaden - the capital city of the duchy of Nassau - a very white dazzling town - all the new part is handsome - we saw the ruins of a very large Church which had been lately built - & the very day it opened for Service - the walls gave way & down it fell - no one was killed I believe - it looked very odd to see such fresh wall in ruins - They seemed to have been very ill built - I forgot to tell you we stopped at a very good hotel at the entrance of the city - kept by a brother of the master of the hotel de Russie - & having bespoken beds & coffee & excellent beds - by the way I ought to have told, that about some miles from Schwalbach that day we stopped in a little village to feed the horses or rather water them - & for Francis who had been walking for some time to join us - Louisa & Sophy & Emily who were the party in one carriage - got out to walk about & look at an old church- having let themselves out - the driver never perceived their absence - & when his horses were watered away he drove the empty carriage - never hearing me bawling to him - & no one at first understanding me he was let go on a good way before any one stopped him - At last Frs came - & sent some one after him - & sent for Louisa &c. & crammed them all into our carriage till we could overtake the empty one - a pleasant adventure!

Well - all that - was on Tuesday 15th, Wedy we were all up very early- dressed before 7 & got a cup of Coffee - & then all sallied out to see as much as we could - then returned to breakfast - after wh we went out again this was very ill managed for it was horribly hot - & the hotel being at the end of the town we had so far to go always to it that it added to our fatigue - The most remarkable thing we saw was a great reservoir or sistern in wh a spring was bubbling up & so hot that I could not bear to keep my hand in it an instant - There is a magnificent hotel there for people who come to drink the waters & there is a square in which there is a very handsome broad gravel walk along each side of it - & this walk is planted with a row of oriental Plantinus - very handsome fine old trees on each side of the walk - no others - but all the other public walks there - & wherever we went in these towns had rows at each side of a kind of accacia very like a pole & a mop on the top - They are grafted I fancy to make them grow in that manner - but no body seemed to know exactly what kind it was - but all said they never blossomed. A little before one we returned to the hotel & had a luncheon of Fruit & biscuits & light wine & then all bundled into one carriage & drove to Mayence - wh is I think about 9 miles off - The country open the whole way - rows of apple trees with rosy fruit at each side of the road - or else vineyards - with very low tufts of vines - looking as they did every where - Raspberry bushes - We drove up to the Place of Biberisch the residence of the Duke of Nassau to look at its appearance, but could not stop to do more - It is about 4 miles I think from Wisbaden. As soon as we arrived at Mayence secured rooms & ordered dinner at L'Hotel de L'Europe & then sallied forth to see & do as much as possible - (& more) - spent ever so long in a famous Music shop - where I bought the little pieces I sent you - & where I would have bought much more but I had no money - it is remarkably cheap there - saw the fine Cathedral & dome which rises up over the end of the church- wh had suffered many times in the wars - No city has suffered more - for it is just in the gangway from Germany into the western part of the continent - there being a bridge of boats there - which we crossed - and an immense garrison - It is now actually in the dominion of the King of Prussia - nevertheless the garrison consists of army belonging to 3 different powers - according to agreement - viz - Austrians - white & pale blue - coats very long petticoats - Prussians, very dark - and Bavarians - I think - They would not let us into the Citadel - nor walk on the heights of the fortifications at all - but we contrived to see a good deal - & as we looked at fortifications at many other places - I can picture an attack & seige to my mind's eye very distinctly.

Having walked about till we were nearly dead & climbed up to the top of 2 towers - (& I had a pain in my breast & a pain in my foot all the time) we got back to the hotel & dinner near eight - & found the Wildmans whom I am sure I mentioned in my former letter - had arrived that evening also at the same hotel -

To bed very early - bad beds - feverish night - noise more in the town - none of us slept well - up at 4 - all off a little after 5 in the Steamer - setting forward on the voyage down the river - I should have liked much to spend another day at Mayence - a place so famous in European history & which indeed bears the marks of many a siege & good tattering - and we were all very sorry not to goon to Heidelberg - but time - which controls our fancies sometimes in spite of us - would not allow us to do that - & also visit the other places we wished - Well the steamer steamed - & in due time we breakfasted - we saw the sun rise, rather gravely over the vineclad banks - wh soon after became misty - We saw the Palace of Biberich again being quite close to the river with fine old Elm trees between it and the river - we saw thick rain coming on - and that not a bit of the banks of the Rhine that we were to pass that day was by far the most beautiful - Col. Wildman proposed that we should all - his party & ours - land at Bingen a town we should pass about half past eight - & wait there for next morning's steamer - & past eight - & wait there for next morning's steamer - & if it shd clear up we shd not lose out time or there was plenty to see in the neighbourhood. Francis put it to the vote among his party (wh is usually his way - beginning with the youngest - wh is a great advantage to me as I see by the time it comes to me, the oldest, how the inclinations go of the rest of the set) - We were all delighted to stop - as nothing could be more tantalising than to be on the Rhine & have its beauties obscured.

The hotel at Bingen was a very odd sort of wild place - but there were a great many rooms in it - so at least we were all accommodated - & we got one very good salon amongst us - we had our books & our work & plenty to talk - Col. Wildman draws beautifully in pencil - so he finished a sketch he had made. The rain stopped for a time & Francis & I walked out a little & I wished greatly to go a little way up the vally of the Nah wh is famous for its beauty - but he thought it too wet for me so we came back - & he made a sketch too - we all went down to the Table d'hote - but had not a very good dinner - everything was so oil & nasty - There was a white cloth spread all along the table that just came to the edge - & then down the middle of the table the whole way there was laid a red & black drugget, or rather I fancy coarse cotton twilled - about 18 inches broad - very ugly - those tables are always long & narrow like supper tables at balls - & always - every where there is a napkin for each person; in the poorest cottage each person I understand has a napkin - & lays it folded up - so as to do many days - At Ems ours were changed on Thursday & Sunday - we rolled them up & put them into a sort of ring about 2 inches broad - I assumed - at different patterns, by wh each person knows their own - There was a very noisy set of people there mostly men -

About 2 - the weather took up a little - & we all determined to go & see the castle of Rheinfels - a boat was ordered - & with all the cloaks and umbrellas in the world - we packed in. There was a cold wind in our teeth & still a little rain which drizzled our faces - but it was better to make a little exertion than kick our heels at the hotel - We boated about 5 miles - & as we went with the stream we did it vey quickly - & landed under a beautiful rock - very picturesque - & intermixed here & there were oak bushes & brambles - we ascended by a winding zigzag graveled road winding through these magnificent rocks - & at last arrived at the castle - which stands well within a green terrace at one side - guarded by high embattled wall - on wh are a few guns - This castle is an old one repaired & made habitable by Prince Frederick of Prussia - The Salon is hung with weapons & arms of olden times as well as modern shields &c. But I think Francis was not quite satisfied with the style or the taste in wh it is done - The eating room very plain wainscoated with oak - We saw the young Prince with his Governess - but the Pcess his mother was so old they wd not let us stairs to the upper story so we neither saw them nor the fine view from the battlements of the tower which we heard much of - When we came away the evening had improved & we had the wind in our backs - but there we were going against the stream which was a very hard pull - There was another old castle & ruin on the other side of the river to which we want to have gone up - but it was surrounded by vineyards - & from the time the Grapes begin to ripen no strangers are allowed to go to the Castle at all - so we boated back to Bingen the rowers finding it very hard work - & then we wandered about there - looking at ruins of the town built by Germanicus & others - all the party went up to the top of it except me as my breast was rather bad Frs advised me not -

Just as it became dark we got back to the hotel & made ourselves very happy with Coffee & bread & butter - & then to bed early - all were up early to have breakfast before the Steamer came about half past eight - when the whole party embarked - well satisfied at having delayed for a day - for the weather was delightful & the sun bright - & no wind - some staid all day on deck except just at dinner time - This was the finest part of the Rhine & we passed several beautiful spots - but alas we were going with the stream - & darted too quickly by them - However we were all much charmed - tho' the heights were scarcely ever as high & grand as I had imagined - some spots are delightful - & from Bingen to Bonn there is a succession of beauty - We knew already from Coblentz to Cologne - but it was interesting to see it all again with fresh eyes - I am writing in such a hurry that I cannot recollect the names of the most lovely & favourite parts - but perhaps I may give them in an appendix hereafter - going down the river the voyage is made in one day, wh occupies two days going up - because of the force of the current - so we arrived at Cologne just as the evening was closing in - having left the Wildmans at Coblents because there was some of their luggage they thought had been forgotten at Bingen.

When we arrived at Cologne & landed - we hurried over the well remembered bridge of boats to Beutz - to the Belvue hotel which I described in my former letter &having settled about beds soon regaled ourselves with Coffee & rolls - & listened as long as we could keep the windows open to the delightful musical tones of the bells of Cologne which came to us sweetly across the water. Francis had determined to go home by land which we were all much delighted at - as the remaining part of the voyage was uninteresting, & that there was so much in Flanders &ct to see - So everything was settled for us to set out next morning Saturday the 19th Septr from Cologne to Aix la Chapelle & then we went to bed - & there I must close this Chapter for I must go & dress for dinner - the dressing bell has rung - & it is 6 pm and tonight I must pack up so adieu - my next packet I hope I may promise, shall contain the remainder - This will keep you pretty busy if you have maps to look at - God bless you all - dearest Fanny finished June 30, 1836

[Addressed to

Mrs Stewart

Honoble T A Stewart


78-008/2/9 #155

18 Piccadilly

Manchester 27th March 1837

My dearest Aunt Fanny

It was with great pleasure I received your and Anna's kind and affectionate letters, you cannot think with what pleasure we received a letter from Canada. I had about despaired of hearing from you again. No I have only heard from you once since we left, Blayney had a joint one from you and Ellen. He never heard of C. Dunlop's arrival. I had letters from Eliza & Anna Reid just before yours by Belfast, I have a strong affection for you all. I will never forget you and the Reids kindness and love and think of you far more than any other friends (except my own immediate family). I may truly say the same for Tom & Blayney. I wish I could see you and tell you all I have to say. I hear I got a new cousin. What is his or her name. I suspect as much - tell me all about yourself. You ask how Irish air agreed with us, very luckily I was as glad to leave it as I had been to get to it. I was very unwell with a pain in my side then and very weak. I was blistered and bled two or three times & am better but not now so well & hearty as when in Peterboro. The children are only now getting stout. They had measles (I thought Lydia had them in Peterboro) colds without ceasing, baby is very weak in her limbs. She suffered much with her teeth. She speaks very well. Nanny is the shortest very like Tom's youngest sister. She is a little thing. My mother was fondest of her. Liddy is grown very tall and thin. She is a clever child. I was obliged to take her from school being unwell; but will soon go again. She has a good deal of affection still she remembers you all and often speaks of you; she staid a good deal with Ellen and got fond of dancing and music. She is not the least shy before strangers. I intend letting her stay with Ellen for some time. Harriet will be like Liddy and now Aunt Fanny I have told you all about the children and I am afraid I will tire you. I must try and tell you some news; first, William Mathias is to be married to a Miss Corry of the co. Cavan - a national Daughter. There are three sisters so you see how enough Aunt M did not like it first but gave in, Uncle M. is quite childish; they are a good deal come down in their whares; John has got a son. The family live with his father. The Peebles were well when I first saw them. I met Uncle Frood once or twice. Charlotte was to be married one day this year but like Isabella is always just off until they are old women; her swain had a Clerkship in the Bank and just when they were going to be married it was taken away. He has got another in Longford I think; They are neither of them too young to marry; I see Mr Black's death in the paper age 74. I dont know anything about them. I hear Mary Wilson is grown old and stingy. Mrs Thompson (L Black that was) is travelling - her health is back. Her husband is a Dublin gentleman a Wine merchant. John married a granddaughter of old Mr Lindsay of Durn. I am trying to tell you all the news but I am now quite out of the way of hearing any. I think Uncle Frood might have contrived to send Aunt Fowlis a little more than I and my father had to write to him for that; he used to say people who murmur frin selfish, but they are the same every where. My father and mother are settled very snugly in Wicklow; they have a very nice house & large garden and land & Jaunting car with horse; poor Blain's death was a great trial I don't think they will every completely recover. It was so sudden. He had grown quite strong and fat, yet 13 hours carried him off; I was with them at the time. It seemed to be cholera. My poor mother looks older than either Aunt Reid or Fowlis if it had not been on their account I don't think we would have remained here for I much prefer America but I could not bear leaving them as parting would have been worse than at first. Blayney and Tom were both anxious to return. B. still thinks of it; but my father since he had the fever cannot bear it. We are now living in England in this great town and very comfortably settled for the present but I leave that for Tom to tell; tell William Reid I do not forget Canadian friends or ever will; is Mrs Smith living? are the Hollands still in Peterboro? I am very anxious for our box to arrive particularly that I might have our spoons and house linen. I hope we will meetin this world again; let me hear soon. I would gladly pay postage for the pleasure of a letter. You must excuse this letter as you know I am a bad scribe and with most regards believe me dearest Aunt Fanny your truly affectionate niece

Anna Armstrong.

27 March 1837

My dear Mrs Stewart

I am sure you & our other kind transatlantic friends will be a little surprised to hear we are settled here since November through Interest and friends I became partner on the Wholesale blown Glass Business and connected with the first manufacture in this country & it is rather a strange coincidence that our house in Peterboro was glazed with Glass the Manufacture of the House with which I am engaged. My Partnership is for 14 years and the only objection I had was thoughts of Canada, however on duly considering my family & the advantages offered I signed the deed & from what experience I have had I have every reason to be very thankful as a very comfortable house is provided for us with means of educating the children; when Rose returned to Canada I told her to tell you we should follow which was my intention had not the circumstances occurred. I have left Blayney very prosperous for a young beginner in the Coal Trade in Dublin. As your partner paid since enabled to freight 4 or five vessels regularly from England which he still continued to do & I hope he will give up all idea of settling in Canada while he prospers in Ireland. He is greatly grown & improved in appearance & as steady sober as a judge, his father & mother are greatly attached to him & most desirous to have their only son near them. Many a long winter evening, Anna Blayney & I spent in our lodgings talking of our kind friends in Canada. I trust we shall be spared to make some money & visit you all before we part for ever. I little thought I was not destined to return or should have seen you & Mr Stewart & family before I left but I was so unhappy I could not bear to see anyone. It was indeed most galling to me to be requested to leave as I did. However as I was not guilty of a dishonest act my mind is at rest. I have given up all to pay my just debts & if what I have left is not sufficent I hope to be able one day to pay any balance, will you be so kind as to tell Mr Reid who has proved one of the most sincere friends I ever knew that I shall write him shortly & that I have not any letter from him since I came but saw his to Blayney lately abts Mr Harvey. You will remember me most affecty to him Mrs Reid & every member of their family personally, also Mr & Mrs Strickland, Dr & Mrs Hutchison & the Armours & if it is not too much trouble I will thank you to answer the following questions in your next letter as I have nothing to communicate further to interest you but am most anxious to hear all the news of Peterboro, if you would send us a Peterboro or Cobourg paper occasionally I should feel very much obliged & return the complement - Did Mr Hall recover the am't of damages awarded him from Ferguson& Duffy? Has Mr Armstrong returned & what of his family? is Mr Duffy living in his house next the river & is he in his business? Is Dan'l Griffiths brewery or distillery in operation? & his store open? Who are working the Carding Mill? Are the Lamberts there yet? Is McDonnell still your M.P? How does Major Shairp go on & is Dr Easton still in town? Are the apple trees the Vines Glass House & fuscias in my old place to the fore, How did the Scotchman succeed on Mr Stewart's farm? Is Mr Thompson the owner of Haunts Mill? Who has Mr Hall's mile at Buckhorn Lake? Are the Mills better for the public since Mr [Fortus] is finished? Is the new Bridge finished & of what distance? Is Douro bridge rebuilt? Are the Ords settled in Otonabee? Are Ferguson & Holland making fortunes in their stones? Is the Doctor'd House habitable? Have those subscribing paid? Has he any real intention of returning to Scotland? Are the churches finished & Scobill to the fore? Is McDonnell in his stone house? Is the forwarding Co. still in being? Is your Bank & Newspaper successful? Is there any boat on Rice Lake & Obonabee? Is the Rail Road to Cobourg yet begun? How does Mr Shaw's steam mill & Bedfords brewery go on, the former was a Bankrupt of Cork! Is Nickson still to the fore? Is Tupper still in Cavan & has his suit against Dr. Griffith commenced? What is Hunter's occupation now? Has Lawford a store yet? Are Nicols & Hartwell still to the fore? Is Mr Bethune still on the limits & any likelyhood of his settling his affairs? Has Wm Reid completed his studies & got a wife? What is M O Burnie doing? Is Mr Evans making a fortune of his share? I must say well done Wolseley! Is Mr Stewart's Hen House occupied? Is Col Brown holding out still? Is Mr Flood on his farm? Are Stephenson & Langty working the Mile yet? Is Benson doing well? Was any money granted for the Otonabee? Do you see the Armours etc. etc.

I fear I have asked too many questions but you will excuse our great curiosity & I am sure William Reid will assist you to answer any that you cannot - I hope Mrs Fowlis is getting over her difficulties and bearing up well - please to let Mr Reid see this letter that he may know how we are & tell him to write to me. I sent him some papers which I hope he received - I find the Parliamentary interference with the Lower Province will cause some serious trouble & disadvantage to both provinces. I shall be glad to hear of your separate district - I suppose the Gents of the back township are not very flourishing now. Is old Smart still on terms with his family - I suppose you heard of Wm Mathias losing his curacy. He was too fixed in his own estimation to know us. He is more to be pitied than dispised. I like Dr & Mrs Peebles & Miss Bellingham very much. They are very nice people & most kind & think highly of you & yours. I hope Canada has not suffered from the fatal Influenza. We have had here. I lost several friends & amongst them a kind & affectionate brother. Anna joins me in requesting you will write soon to us & I hope you will remember me affectionately to Mr Stewart, Anna Maria, Ellen, Bessy & the boys and believe me with most sincere wishes for the welfare & happiness of your family & Mr Reid's. Yours most sincerely

T H Armstrong

P.S. Anna is better but looks thin & delicate. I wish she had her Canada health here.


Via New York

Mrs Stewart

Peterbr Douro

Newcastle District

Upper Canada

78-008/2/9 #156

Ahoghill Glebe Decr 8th 1837

My dearest friends at Allenstown, I received your last letter upon Mr Alexanders wedding day just as we returned from disposing of the young Couple - It was a rich day, as I also got a most kind one from our beloved aunt Sutton, & we likewise found our friend Charles Wolesley in possession of the drawing room, who brought a set of letters from dear Fanny, Anna Maria, & Ellen dated 28th September, a letter from brother Stafford, & some paper called "The Church" published in Peterborough, of which Fanny says she has sent several by post to Allenstown Rockfield Maryville & here, none of which I believe have ever been received by any of us - Fanny had just heard of dear William's sudden call, in a letter from you my ever dearest Aunt, & of course she wrote in a low, & very thoughtful manner for as she says she always felt for him as if he had been a favourite brother, as well as warm friend & old Companion. She expresses her gratitude to you for writing to her so soon & so full an account in the most affectionate manner - I will just copy part of what she says in reference to the sad event "My dearest aunt & Maria wrote me all particulars in the most calm & satisfactory manner, so considerate & so thoughtful, for they always knew he was my favourite Cousin, & indeed more a brother to me than a Cousin, but many years have gone by since I bid adieu to him & to you all, as each friend leaves this world I always think perhaps our meeting may be nearer than any one knows - Oh how distance & space dwindled to a span when we look forward to Eternity - & how dreadful would be the prospect of it to us if it was not for the blessed assurance of Salvation for Sinners by the Redeemer's blood - & then if we let our minds rest on the Abundant & neverending Mercies of our Lord, to us so unworthy of any thing but Condemnation how humbled must we be & what a sweet peace that brings to our souls - our Lord will not leave one to perish if we will only Look to Him & Lean on Him, & leave all we have in His keeping" - My dear George's beautiful books instruct us & are I trust blessing to us & many for we dont keep them for our selves alone, we lend them to others - How many kind friends have I. Mrs Wilson was the first after dear Mrs Stewart of Lakefield who endeavoured to enlarge my views on religious subjects, & this dear excellent friend never has ceased to send us annually some sweet tracts & useful books for ourselves our children from neighbours, & they are accompanied I know by fervent prayers - Dear Mary Wilson - but you know her now, & value her, no body can know either of them, without learning something their first object in life is the Glory of God, & to be of use to their fellow Mortals - Both for Soul & Body. Mrs Wilson & Mary - Aunt Waller & Maria are two pairs of my friends always classed together in my mind - I think you wd admire your little niece & namesake. She is so engaging & sweet looking, & the merriest little thing I ever saw. The four eldest boys go to school in peterboro every day where there is now a very excellent Schoolmaster - it is a long way for them to walk & sometimes the road thro' the woods knee deep in mud - & there is a very dangerous bridge without battlements or any thing to keep them from tumbling over - but they are from their earliest years accustomed to taking care of themselves, & their younger brothers, & tho' they are of course often rash & thoughtless yet when they are accustomed to a place of that kind, they can run across with less danger than others can walk it & thank God they meet with very few accidents tho' they are left to themselves as soon as they are able to go alone -

Little Henry set off one day lately, & wandered up to Mr Reid's by himself - & might have been lost to us if one of the young men had not seen him & carried him into the house & he was so tired poor little fellow that when Fanny Reid took him in her arms to bring him home he fell asleep tho she did all she could to keep him awake, for it made him twice as heavy - I did not know any thing of it till he came home for I was upstairs nursing Kate - & after some time, not having seen or heard Henry for some time I sent Ellen to the Yards & gardens & shrubberies to search for him. She was just coming back in the greatest fright when in came Fanny Reid, carrying our poor sleeping boy in her arms! Providence surely guarded this dear Infant - I intend sometime or other if all goes well to take a flight to Kingston to see the Thos. Kirks. I have taken a most particular fancy to Mrs K. & Thos." - This is nearly all that I need copy I think - The girls letters are very nice & affectionate & well expressed & well written - Mr Wolseley brought a Parcel directed for Mary Rothwell from little Bessy Stewart - I will forward it by the first opportunity to Dublin & so to Meath - Mr Wolseley gives a most pleasing account of them all but says little Bessy is a beautiful little girl with eyes just like her Mother's, & a nice pretty high nose - He says it is the report of the County, that Miss Stewart is engaged to her Cousin Mr Wm Reid but he does not believe it & I am sure I hope it is not the case for many reasons. There were letters from Helen Kirkpatrick lately & in it she says "I think James Borrowes a promising young man - & I hear he has tallent to get him on in his profession. & I trust he has steadiness to keep him from bad company" - This may be pleasant news to Catherine Noble of her brother - any little good intelligence of friends at a distance is pleasant. You mentioned in your last letter something about a Map of Doctor Beauforts divided into Counties & if there is one similar to that got by Richard Rothwell to be had, George would be very glad to purchase it - Let us know about it in your next & now my own dearest Maria I must bid you good night - Give our best love to you dear Mother & James Robt & Catherine - & let Bessy know of this letter when she returns from Castle Killy - Ever & ever yr own C E K - & write soon - I wish James wd come & see us - sure he might come for a few days at least -

[on one of the flaps:Wms death

Henry lost & found

Addressed to:

Miss Noble



Co Meath

Post marked:


DE 11



DE 10



DE 10



DE 9



DE 11


[the red sealing wax is in perfect condition: a 'fat' rectangle of a forearm & hand (R) holding a dagger pointing upward, surmounted by a motto I MAKE SICKER (KIRKPATRICK)]

78-008/2/9 #157

30 Jany 1838

My dear Aunt Fanny

I am your debtor for two letters which I have not answered. but knowing how seldom letters reach those who they are sent to by private hands, I have lately thought it quite useless to write except by Post. I have great doubts that this will ever reach you. I sent it to T. Armstrong, who hopes to get it sent to London to Capt Beaufort. I feel your kindness in still remembering me by letter very much, and I often blame myself very much for not showing you more attention when with you but I trust I may yet have it in my power. Anna And T. Armstrong are very comfortable in Manchester. I suppose you often hear from them. I never hear any thing of our Belfast Friends so I suppose you know more about them than I do. The Peebles have received a great blow from a Mr Black that was married to the Drs sister having Forged Bills on the Bank and also robbed almost all his Friends; there was a large reward affered for him but he escaped to the States, and there is some chance of your seeing him. His character bad independent of Forgery, so you can be on your guard. George Ca[ ] is in Dublin and is very intimate with the Peebles. Mr Jameson is getting ready to return to Canada. He is bringing the Machinery for the Distillery and a great lot other things. I hope my Uncle Tom is well and that he is enjoying himself Sleighing. I hope yet to have another drive with him - I suppose Willy and Frank have grown big boys. Put the Doctor in mind of me. Anna Maria will soon be changing her name by all accounts. Anna sent me a letter of hers to read which gave me great pleasure. Ellen seems to have forgot me but she was a great favourite of mine and I will never forget her. Poor wee Bessy. You know she always [ ] to me so give her my best love. My father has written a long leteer to you requesting upon receipt of this that you will write us an account of our land and what you would advise us to do with it. My uncle could give us very good advise. I would like to put the whole into the hands of Mr. Kirkpatrick and when he found out how Harvey had been paid and what terms he had received then we could remit Mr Kirkpatrick the Balance to pay him, and he could get the Deed from Harvey. Uncle Reid has all our papers belonging to both to Tom Armstrong and me, and he had never given me or Tom any account since we sent him them by Evans, and now my dear Aunt I have only one request to make - and that is that you will write to me by post when you get this. Give my affect love to all in your house and the Reids, particularly Wm and accept the same my dear Aunt from your afft Nephew

Blayney Mitchell

78-008/2/9 #158

Somerset Place Feby 1 1838

My dearest Fanny I always think that I shall begin my next letter in better time - but still I go on every time in the same way - deferring it to the last day or two so if it is hurried then - at least you have it as fresh as it is possible - Well my dear I am [ ] has actually come to an end & I have not yet fixed any time for going home home! I am quite undecided yet, where that home shall be - it depends on many circumstances besides my will - as far as that is concerned my mind is made up - for I feel that in Francis' present situation I may be of more use here than I can be to poor Anne or any one by living at poor 31. However I cannot yet come to a total decision on the Subject so I will say no more now. I say this much because I have told you my thoughts & feelings about it all along my dear - I only wish that I had made this decision in regard to poor Francis this time last year instead of worrying him & myself by refusing to make his house my home - But what is done cannot be undone - I dare say it is all for the best - as I have not yet imparted my inclination to anyone concerned, do not mention them in your letters to any one but myself It is too difficult a business to communicate - to make it known lightly.

I am much better than when I wrote last - & think my chest is growing much stronger - I am grown regaining too some of the plumpness I had lost during my travels - but I think my looks have altered more in the last year than they had in proportion before - my face has become so wrinkled & odious. Louisa is on the whole remarkably well - but her stomach is always more or less uneasy - & the long walks we are obliged to take sometimes - & the situation of this place - so near the river she imagines disagrees with her - but I think she is just as at Merrion St - which she is not fond of either - I am longing to come to a settlement of all my affairs & every body's - which I fear cannot be till I am in Ireland but if I find that it can - perhaps I may settle to stay here a month or two longer now in short dearest I know not what I am to do so continue to direct to me here till I tell you otherwise and do dear write soon for I am yearning or a letter from you - but I know you were well up to the 27th of Novr - as there have been letters of that date telling of the birth of his little girl & your kindness to his wife - & I am sure nursing & attending her must have occupied you very much& interferred with your writing so I can understand very well that you cannot be at home to write - & abroad nursing the sick, at the same moment. The letters of your dear girls came to me last week - & very nice & kind letters they are - Very good & what you may well be satisfied with - I think you & Tom are happy in your children my dear Fanny -They are a fine lot I am sure - They are all so good & well disposed without blemish of mind or body & active & healthy - what a comfort that is to you my love - & to me too

Oh! the clocks have all struck one - So good night & good morning - I must now into bed - if this is found out - I shall be scolded by Miss Louisa - & by my dear Master too - You know in days of yore I used to be called his Slave - & so I am still if it may be called slavery, to wish to oblige so dear & so kind a friend - who certainly never unreasonable in his demands - and to whose tenderness & affection it is but due to try to please him in small as well as large things. I only regret - & that I do continually that I am not more companionable - & more suited to such a mind.

Thursday 2d - Gut morgen (german for good morning & pronounced goot morghen) my dear child - breakfast is now finished - The dear Hydrogr is gone off to his office and I am now seated at the large table in the dressing room listening to M. Baraza in French & German, to the three girls. They are all three different - Sophy has the best person - & best ear in music - & best eye for drawing - Rosa is rather quicker in understanding humour & wit - but Sophy has more to say - Neither of them have a good memory. Rosa has the greater portion of tenderness in her nature. Emily is the brightest minded of all - and full of wit & drollery - very playful & very independent & liking to have her own way & excessively well - and by far the pleasantest notwithstanding her being wayward. She has a great deal of observation and puts things together in an instant - but is not fond of regular reasoning. I believe they like really to have us here - & like us - as well as they can like Irish people - but I do not think they are inclined to defer much to our judgement - which must very much prevent our being of the use to them that we might otherwise. If Francis was to marry again, I do not know how it would be - but I doubt that they would like it well. But this is not a bit what I was going to say - for I intended to tell you that after I sent my last letter I was at the two dances in this row where the young people figured away with great spirit & enjoyment - They are not out yet so it is only now & then that they have such sport - Since that -they were at another dance - a very pleasant one I believe, with Louisa, at Sir John Franklin's - Lady F. is a very pleasing obliging woman with a good deal of conversation & rather pretty - He does not look by any means like a man who had been starved. They have always agreeable people at their house - & Lou said the evening was pleasant. I had no wish to go - & as she & the girls & Augustus & Thomas went - I thought that quite enough - so I had the pleasure of staying at home with my Captain - Another evening they all went to the play with Mr Wilson - & I staid very happily at home with Frs - He wanted me very much to go but I had no wish - & no feeling of pleasure in the idea of it - for my mind was very full of all that had happened & that I had felt of anxiety or of grief, January twelve-month - Louisa was very much amused. I staid up till they came which was not till after 12 - and then made tea for them & stuffed them which they found very comfortable - They all enjoy any little pleasure very much - poor little things - We have had a good many large dinners here - some of them very pleasant - particularly our last party which was not very large - only 5 Gentlemen - among these was a very intelligent young man Capt Washington who had been in the north of Africa - and a Capt Edie who had been in South Africa for a good while - a military Captain - from the Co Tyrone I think but till he went home lately - he had been away for 12 years - He went from the Cape, with a Dr Smith who was sent by the Geographical Socy to make an expedition into the interior of South Africa - They were however obliged to go rather to the Eastward for want of water. They visited a nation called the Amazonlaks who extend beyond Delagoa & Dr Smith & Capt Edie went on without them 2 or 3 days journey to the Kraal where the kind of the Amazonlaks lived - He received them very graciously - but all their arms were taken from them - The people are very warlike & never happy unless at war - They have regular regiments - very well disciplined - and they are most exact about the uniform being in perfect order - by far than our own Military - Capt Edie was so obliging as to bring the uniform to shew us - & he put it on that evening & came up dressed in it - to tea - it consisted of a sort of cloak going all round back shoulders & breast - of Buffalo's tales nicely prepared & arranged - drawn in round his neck & reaching down to nearly his elbows - The same material again - makes a sort of Kilt like the highland dress - drawn in round his hips - & hanging down to his knees - & then a third one covering his legs from knee to feet - each separately - with the appearance of a claw over each foot - Round the neck a stiff collar of Brass - & the same substance from the hand half way up to the elbow - like the old gauntlet - The cap comes down very low on the forehead - with a roll of fur round the head which protects it from their weapons - but by covering the brow spoils the expression of the countenance - There are three insecure plumes of feathers stuck in it - They are like Cock-tail feathers - only very much longer - (more than half a yard) - They are the tail of an African bird named the widow bird - At the back there was a large tassel of short feathers - with a red one at the top of it - This last is the distinguishing mark of Chief - Their only weapon is a short spear called an Assagaya - The King & Capt Edie had an argument as to the excellence of the Assagaya or his arms - on the latter he looked very contemptously - because he said that wet must spoil the powder - & that it was impossible to take aim in the dark - Edie defended fire arms - & particularly the double percussion Gun - He had it tried in his presense & therefore permitted it to be brought to Capt Edie - who then rathed as to its failure - for the copper caps were a little rusted which he feared might prevent their firing off - The King desired a slave to stand as a mark to be shot at - & looked very indignant at the idea when Capt Edie remonstrated about the slave being wounded - That the life of a slave should be put into competition with his will

The shields they use are about 4 feet long made of Buffalo hide stretched on wooden frame, with a slip of wood going lengthways down the back of it - Capt E. placed the slave so as to hold the shield pretty high above his head - & taking aim at it, had the pleasure of shooting thro' it without really hurting the man, tho' he fell from the effect of the air or fright - at the 2d shot, wh actually split the back slip of wood - The King looked vexed at the Success of the Gun - but Capt E. discovered afterwards that had it fouled a party were to have set off immediately to massacre all there of the Expedition who had remained at Delagoa - Capt Edie has brought home a variety of seeds & bulbs - many of which he has given to the two Dublin Bot. Gardens & while there, had the pleasure of seeing them all germinating - One Lily has a bulb of 2 feet diamr - & flowers in proportion! - He continually mentioned the Gum Arabic tree which grows throughout Africa in great profusion- & when the seeds were well dried he washed them over with mulled Gum which preserved them from damp &c. - He has brought several heaths too - so that if all grow he will have deserved well of the botanical world - is as he says - many of his plants are as yet quite strangers in these countries. This young Captain is really very entertaining & I wish I could tell you all the things he told us; amongst others - he said those amazonlaks had never seen a horse till he went there - & they were much astonished - The King made great inquiries as to the discipline of our troops - & cour mode of fighting - & then insisted on Capt Edies changing different bodies of his infantry on horseback to shew the manner of doing so - but the horse was not at all pleased at the exhibition - for he was frightened at the buffalo dress - & Edie was very near being thrown - which could have been very disgraceful - Parliament is to meet next Thursday - & we are all to go to see the Procession as the King is to go in person - Every body expects a very stormy session - & some think that the ministry will be forced to go out - but I send you so many papers you will see all the news - & all the politics there - and the history of OConnell & all his manoeuvres - Some say that the English are disgusted with him - & that even the ministry are growing ashamed of him. You never say anything of politics in your letters which is very prudent of you - but still I should like to know if there is the same discontented spirit in yours that there is in the lower province. I heard from Anne a few days ago - she assures me she is very well - & Mr B. & Lenora as kind & attentive as possible & all the young people - and my dear Sophy Ruxton is better. She has been very unwell all the winter - and just before Christmas had a very severe attack which alarmed everyone - Richard & Bess were to have gone to Gaybrooke for the Xmas party there - but put it off for a week- When they did go they were all very well & gay having a large party in the house. Anne wishes much to [ ] you & desires me to tell you so - as she cannot easily continue to send it to me for my packet - but as soon as I go to Dublin I will send it then. Since I wrote last they have all been in great anxiety at Etown - for Sophy Fox took Influenza there with her - & besides being in bed herself for some days - & the children too - Every one of the party except Harriet Butler took it - but poor dear Aunt Mary in particular who became so feverish & her chest so oppressed that Honora wrote for Dr Brown to go down from town - & for two days he thought there was scarcely any depree of hope - A blister on her chest relieved it & she began to mend & has done so gradually - Her lungs are quite free now & the only thing she suffers from much now is the progress of a new sore in the leg that was the well leg. This if it goes on - & suppurates profusely will save her life - as long as wholesome discharge runs from it we may hope that it will prevent the advance of any dangerous illness.

Poor Honora has been suffering very much about her - but exerting herself & keeping up her spirits & doing everything she could in the most admirable manner - Till that last illness of Aunt Mary's - Harriet Butler never had seen her in my nightcap! But now she even consents to let Barry into her room in her dishabille -The children are very much improved I hear & dear little Waller is as good & as nice as ever - Fanny Wilson is better than when I wrote last & I have very good accounts of Lucy who is very much improved in strength. Poor Sneyd is still in the same place - sometimes appearing almost quite well - then ill again - but not very bad - Letters lately from Pakenham who was going on very well - he sent over some very pretty drawings of flowers - I heard lately from Bell Hamilton who sent her & their love to you. She always enquires much for you - my dear Fanny - They have been in great grief for their cook - who was formerly little Mary that you may remember there - She was married to their Butler - & a most faithful useful servant having been 29 years in their house The Lynes are well - and Mary gradually growing a little better - James & his wife left there now & gone to a house of their own & he is the greatest loss to them all - They were so fond of him - & he was so cheerful - He is gone to live in Molesworth St - Cornelius & his wife & little girl - & another coming - all going on as well & happily as possible. Louisa had a letter from William a few days ago - They are all well & comfortable at Ruchmond - Willy doing his duty well, as curate at Kinsale & much approved of as a preacher - He preached one day at Glammis for his father who was much pleased with him - both matters & manners. Francis tho' quite deaf & dumb is going on exceedingly well at Mathematics which he delights in - he has a great wish to be an Engineer & is a most delightful creature - every morning wet or dry he goes off at 7 OClock to Cork to take his lesson - Johnny has entered College very well - and is now going to his first examinations - it is a pity they happen before I go back as his father is to come to town with him. Now I have told you of every one - except my dear Francis himself who is certainly better than he was & in better spirits too -

My dearet Fanny if I was to go on for another sheet I am sure I should never fill it - but as it is Late & that this odious writing must tires your eyes I will bid you good night my own dear & loved child

I long to hear that your affairs are growing more comfortable - I have heard nothing more of your affairs but when I go over I shall then be able to tell you about the Mathias of whom I have not been able to learn any thing though I wrote to Mr M - God bless you dearest Fanny & Tom & all the children & give you health & happiness pray your affecte Moome

78-008/2/9 #159

[original with variations; another letter on back of original not transcribed]

Feby 24th

My own dear Fanny

On getting your dear letters Mama said she would write her page immediately, though so long before it need go & since that we have a joyful piece of news for you which therefore falls to my share to tell. Our dear Jas is going to be married to Julia Tisdall. She is the eldest of Mr T-s daughter, truly pious & sensible, with a sweet temper, quiet domestic tastes, very pretty, and very pleasing & lively in her manner. In short if we had been looking for a wife for him and had the choice of all our acquaintances, she is the one we should have chosen. We have been old friends & near neighbours always & she was our favourite of the whole family. You may suppose we have studied her closely of late and the more we did so, the more we all saw to love & like. Mama bids me say she is quite delighted about it. She has little or no money but what is that in comparison to the rest, & Jas is prudent & she is not one who likes expense or would lead him into it so that he will be able to go on paying off and soon he will have plenty. We all wished him very much to marry soon & I am sure nothing is so improving to any man as an amiable sensible wife and as he is 38 next July it was High Time for him to get on if he did not mean to be an old batchelor. I know she will never have any cause to repent for any one who could not live happily with him must be inclined to be unhappy any where. All her family liked him Always and are quite happy about Julia & her being so close to her brother & altogether it is all pleasant. No time is fixed for the wedding or anything of the sort arranged yet, nor have we formed any plans. They seem to wish us to remain so probably we shall for a time, but we think generally speaking it is happier for people to have their house to themselves & not have it taken up with Mama's and sisters. This however is only our idea, and if they wish it, there could be no people we should be happier with. So now I have told you all about us my dearest and I must not conclude without saying that poor old Betty is quite well in health & able to walk with a stick tho' lame. She is in great delight about "Master Jas & Miss Julia" for the Tisdalls were all old friends of hers and she was nursery maid to Julia's Father and looked on by them as a faithful, old servant as we do. - I will subscribe to "The Church" so you may set me down at once and if I can get others I will The Pakms are in France, all well & I hope will return next summer. The Suttons well in Cheltenham and the Rothwells all well and have taken old Mrs Balfour's house in Palace Row for 3 months from the 12th of March as they are going to build bedrooms, and back stairs, and enlarge the dining parlour & sundry fine things at Rockfield - What a nice little letter Ellen wrote to Mama. It is quite pleasant to face a little acquaintance with one of your children. God bless you my dearest. I trust you are now at peace. Ever your affect

M. Noble

78-008/2/9 #160

Gloucester Place March 15 38

If you would just imagine England in a state of rebellion or smothered flames of insurrection my dearest Fanny - and think how very anxious you would be to hear from me! - in short put yourself in my place - your conscience would sting you (I hope) for having been so long without writing - I expected to have two or three New York letters - & every packet from thence would bring me a very satisfactory letter from my own dear child - And alas! I have still been each time cruelly disappointed - and not I only but all your numerous friends who are continually applying to me for intelligence of you & your house. Your letter of Decr 18 to Mary Sutton is the latest news we have had from you - though Mr Rubidge has had letters up to Jany 19 - a note from him says all are well - so I hope I may believe that to be the case with you my dear - & all your large family - I sometimes fear that Tom might be laid up from over fatigue in all his exertions during that dreadful time of alarm - but were that the case I think Mr R: would have heard it - At all events do write to me by N York as soon as you receive this - and give me a very full & very particular account of every thing both public & private at all relating to yourselves or the state of your country - and now having relieved my wrath at your not having written by the quickest means of sending a letter I will proceed to tell you all I can to amuse & instruct you - and as one of the most interesting things I have to tell you that the hundred pounds left you by poor Anne - has been paid to me for you & is now in George Thompson's hands - minus the legacy duty & your share of the expenses of the Probate of the will - which

Legacy duty 1:3 100

Probate fee 1:5 3:8

3:8 96:12 due

And now the question is - what is to be done with it? If Tom does not want it in Canada I will try to place it here in whatever may be most profitable - Perhaps I might be able to buy a Share in the St. Katherine docks Stock - which brings now about five per cent - and it thought likely to increase - but if Tom was likely to draw for it soon it would not be worth while to put it in there -

Answer me then dear as soon as you can - for at present the money is idle in G. Thompson's hands - for you at least - but I dare say turned to good advantage by him - I must tell you before I finish with money business that - Mrs Waller, Maria, Bessy Rothwell have sent me amongst them ten pounds to lay out in whatever I think will be most acceptable so now I am going to read over all your letters that I may guess at those things that will give the greatest pleasure & comfort to you my dear - Sutton had not yet sent me the money for your comn - but I expect it soon now - & I have so very few from you this year that I expect to have them ready in a Giffey Business done - I will now tell you a great piece of news! which has been already written to you in the packet of this month - but as you may perhaps receive this sooner I will take the liberty of telling you of it - because I know it will give you great satisfaction & pleasure - James Nobel Waller is going to give you a cousin and make himself and all his family happy by a very amiable nice little wife - July Tisdall had accepted of him and the affair is settling as quickly as possible - I have a few lines from him this morning with some money which he sent me - in which he says he hopes that next week I shall have a new cousin - very rapid indeed - if all the preparations and Settlement & all can be completed so soon -

She is very much liked by Mrs W. and Maria - quiet and moderate in all her tastes and very retired - They have pressed Mrs W. & Maria to live at Allenstown - but when Maria wrote to me they had not quite decided & seemed inclined to be guided by circumstances - Julia has but little money - but they dont seem to mind that - & James expects very soon to clear himself from all embarrassments. He had made a nice bookroom of the pantry - or rather of my uncle's old closet - wh will indeed be a great improvement - The books will not know themselves when relieved from their long imprisonment - He bought a fine open carriage to I hear - Poor Maria writes in such joy about it as is quite delightful - She has had many afflictions within these few years - and but little that was very joyful - so I do hope this may be indeed a lasting happiness to them all - I am quite delighted at it

Miss Mary Kirkpatrick too is going to be married to Mr Rutherford - brother of Mrs A. Kirkpatrick - a widower with several children - but one they all like - so they are pleased at it. The Rothwells are gone bag & baggage to Dublin for 3 months - and have got a large house at the corner of Rutland Square - next Betheside - They are going to make great alterations & improvements at Rockfield House & will take advantage of the opportunity, to have masters for the children. They are all very happy at the match Tommy Rothwell is going to make - Miss F Vesey daughter to the late Arthur Vesey - & niece of Ld De Vesci - Miss Fanny Vesey about 2 years younger than Thos no money - but very amiable & charming. The Fitzherberts are very fond of her & delighted at the match - and Thos & his wife are to live at Black Castle. The Veseys are living at Brussels & Thos went there under pretense of skaiting - & made his proposal & was accepted - all the family are as happy as his - I wish I had another to fill this sheet but I have not at present any more among our friends - So now I must go & take a walk - & then finish this as tomorrow is the 16th by the way Mr Rubidge is to dine here tomorrow - with all the Bennetts & some gentlemen among them whom is I believe Capt Hall. We have all continued well the whole winter and though we had uncommonly severe frost in Jany - some of us suffered by it - indeed I think Francis was benefited rather by it. On the 20th of Jany which was our coldest night the thermr at this home was at zero - but in other parts of London it was below it - at the Horticulture Socy's gardens at Chiswick it was below zero 7° - in Hereforshire it was 9° below it. The last week of Feby they had a very uncommonly severe fall of snow in Dublin & for some miles on the road - Mrs Rothwell was snowed up in Dublin where the streets were nearly impassable - one narrow passage for carts was cut through Sackville St - & no room to pass a high wall of snow at each side - & when he did get away from town - he found there was just space cleared on the road for the coaches to pass - & that the snow up to the coach windows at each side. Louisa is still at Gaybrook but goes I believe this week to Etown - She went with Mrs Smythe the beginning of March to Leixlip Castle that she might do some business in town - both of her own & mine - & I have not heard from her since her return to Gaybrook & am a little anxious lest she should have caught cold. Maria E has been at Trim for some weeks - & when she returns home Margt Ruxton is to accompany her to pay them a visit at Etown - She is better I hear and recovering her spirits I am told. All at Etown are well - a very small All indeed - Aunt Mary - Fanny E and poor Honora make all the small party. The Butlers are well & their dear little charges the 3 Fox children. Poor Fanny Wilson is but very indifferent - some days suffering much - then again a little better again - but quite unable to return to town as she had hoped by Xmas - so Mr Wilson is going to let his house & will come to stay here - next week - Augustus too is coming home after half a years absence - half the time at Clifton & the last 3 months - or more at Richmond gaining instruction, in his profession - which is that of clergyman - I believe he will be home today or tomorrow - as he intended to sail on Monday for Milford - indeed he might have been here now if he had sailed the day he said - He has had several offers of curaciss so he will not be at a loss for a nomination if he is ordained. On Wedy last we had a letter from Calcutta dated Dec 20 - informing us of the safe arrival of young Francis B. - he arrived on Novr 28 - & was settled at the house of a cousin Mr Reid - he eats with him - but has his own separate establishment - 2 horses & 2 grooms a running foot man & valet de chambre - a washer man - & a taylor & an interpreter - & more I believe that I forget - he is now in the college at Calcutta which is an indispensible step - & soon as he gets out of that he will be appointed I suppose - if he answers well - to some district as a writer or assistant - There was a letter to him from Pakenham which informed him that we were living here - curious - that his first intelligence of us should be from one of the remotest parts of India. Pakenham was very well -

Francis & Rosa E - are going on well at Clewar near Windsor very happy - Rosa is a nice good sensible creature & the boy a very remarkable fine stout healthy child - unfortunately they are so far from town that I can seldom see them. In my last letter I believe I told you of some dinners we had had here - which were pleasant enough - The girls are improving very much in manner & in mind too indeed which is opening very much - I think most people like their manners & they converse with wonderful ease -

I like much all you tell me of your girls - good dear girls how much they do that is useful - their time is so well employed & they are so attentive to you & so anxious to do well that I love them in my heart - Oh! when shall I ever see them! I fear they will be married & little old women before I can go & see them - as to going with Mr Rubidge I cannot now dear Fanny I forget whether I told you the H Hamilton was in London for some weeks lately - he only left it last Tuesday - I was glad to do what I could for him - Francis was so kind as to ask him to dinner twice - He seems to have been very happy - & he is gone home quite quite at ease about his sister's pensions. You know a Committee is now over handling all the pensions putting an end to those wh are unmerited & unjustly given to the rich - A friend told him that he might be quite easy about his sister - & I suppose we may alient [ ] poor Louisa's also. I am going to make a great purchase of the lease - or rather perpetuity of Balrath Boyne from the Ecclesiastical commissioners to wh Wm Curry has advised me

I have been drawing - from a coloured lithograph a gigantic flower named Victoria Regina - it is like a huge water lily - but still it differs in some respects & makes a new genus I believe - It is like a very immense double water lily about 16 inches diamr. The calyx a very deep crimson - it is a water plant - & found in great abundance in the river Berbice in Guayana in S. America - I will send you a trace of it if I can in my next packet - Your last letter to me dear Fanny was written in better spirits & you seemed more comfortable - & it was quite delightful to me to find that you like all my companions so well - I only wish I cd have sent you everything made up - but this year now that I have your patterns - I hope to have more things made up to save you trouble - I will send if possible all the things you have mentioned - There was a Levee yesterday & Capt Hall says the Queen looked very pretty & gracious

You will see by the papers that Ld Glenelg has not suffered by the censure Sir Wm M [ ] proposed - & ministers are still in their places - to the satisfaction of the Whigs & the mortification of the Conservatives.

My dearest Fanny I am quite well & stout though not very bright in my looks - which are not very amiable - but rather in character for an old woman of my age Now I must stop - but oh yes, I must add that I could not resist copying the part of a letter of yours about your first visit to Etown - & all your feelings about them - Poor Honora & old Fanny write most kindly about you & seem so particularly happy at your strong & gratifying expression of happiness in the affection of your husband & children

Adieu my beloved dearest child - ever you own old & attached Moonie - Heaven bless you

[Addressed to:

Mrs T A Stewart


Newcastle District

Upper Canada


via New York

March 15

by Liverpool]

78-008/2/9 #161

Queen's Coronation

June 23


My dear Mrs Waller

I thank you heartily for your kindness in writing to so idle & dilatory a creature as I am about writing - & for telling me so many interesting things - Oh such a blot I have made - & it is so late that I cannot begin another note.

By this time I hope poor Fanny's box of treasures is in Canada - I hope you may like the way I laid out your money for her - I think she will never receive my winter packets since she has not yet - one vessel was lost I know - considering the many years she has been there it is only wonderful how few of our letters have been lost - Though sometimes much delayed - I am going to write to her by N York to tell her all I can of the Coronation which I had not time to say enough about in my Packet. I was just in then so much occupied & dragged about to one place or another - and various exhibitions - I dont know whether you heard that I had the pleasure of being present at the Coronation - I thought I should only have seen the Procession but a ticket came unexpectedly - and we drew lots for it - the lot fell to me - I got up at half past two - & dressed in every thing as if going to a ball - turban etc. - breakfasted - & was off by half past three a young lady came under my care - & Willy Palmer who had been given a ticket for the same Gallery was our escort - The young lady was a stranger to me but a friend had asked me to take her. We got in a little after five, having stood at the door in a covered passage for a long time - & you would have been surprised to see the number of ladies dressed so nicely as if for an evening party - walking with bare heads at 4 OClock in the morning

I was amused in the Abbey looking about - observing people coming in & very beautiful did it look & magnificent - and when eleven oclock came I was quite surprised to find how quickly 6 hours had passed

Then all the bustle began - The Queen walked in very gracefully - her train held by 8 maids of Honour - all nice looking creatures dressed in white satin a string of pearls in the front of the head & a wreath of blush roses round the back of it - I did not see the ceremonies performed at the Altar - wh I had wished to see as they are so ancient but I saw the enthronization - and the receiving the homage of the peers & bishops - and saw the Queen step forward very gracefully to give her hand to Ld Rollo when he stumbled & was helped up the steps to the throne

The sermon I hear was beautiful - but I did not hear a word - I sat in the north transept and the Bishop's back was turned to me - I heard the sermon better as I knew it all - but the communion, when the Queen received the sacrament I did not hear - & very few I believe - but it was rather indecent & very unpleasant to hear corks drawing outside the Galleries during the sermon - There were tables of refreshment permitted there unluckily. I dont think the new anthem was much liked - but I am no judge you know so I can only repeat like a parrot what others say. The carriage had come back here to take the rest of the party to the club houses to see the Procession & as I knew it must be very late getting to the Abby I did not wait for it - we got out at 5 and depositing the young lady with her friends near that - Mr Palmer & I walked most of the way home - The day was very fine - not sunny in general - but a beautiful gleam shone on the queen as she was enthroned & looked so fine shining through those fine old windows in that ancient building which has witnessed the coronation of so many Sovereigns - and which stands in sublime & graceful beauty reproaching the English for not half admiring it - We had a cold dinner that day that the Servants might see as much as possible - [we always have on Sunday] - The carriage did not come till 8 oc the horses were sent to be fed & then at near ten we all drove out to see the Illuminations - some streets were so crowded we were stopped very long in some spots - in one, an hour & half I believe - when I fell fast asleep - We did not get home till near 2 - & by the time I was settled in bed I had been just 24 hours up!

Hard work for sightseeing you will say - but it is not likely such a thing may happen again in my life or if it should age & infirmity might prevent me from seeing it - & thank God I am very well now & well able to bear fatigue than these young creatures with me -

I intend to have written more but I must stop it is so late - & I am so hot - & my frank is so full - Besides I know I must very soon again write to you my dear friend

I Hope if Maria has time not otherwise she will write to me from Scotland -

Now Good by dear Mrs Waller

Ever yours affects H B

I was glad to see in the Mail the birth of the little Tisdall

I am sorry Mrs Hopkins is so ill

78-008/2/9 #162

Gloucester Place Aug 31 1838

My dearest Fanny

I could not immediately answer your letter of July 20 - because I could not take upon myself to consent to the plan you proposed without having advice from Mr Sutton or from some lawyer I received his answer yesterday but was unavoidable forced to postpone writing this day. I was so busy & obliged to be out so much that I could not contrive a moment to write - Now however I hope for a quiet hour & without further delay I will give you & dear Anna the pleasure of knowing that - I do not object to raising to lend Mr Stewart the five hundred pounds left by my dear Bess to you first & in remainder to Anna. Mr Sutton agrees to it - & Francis approves to my giving my consent - which I will do Provided that Mr Stewart gives me the fullest security for its payment if he sells any land besides a Mortgage on the Douro property. Mr Stafford Kirkpatrick will of course draw up all these papers in perfect form of law for you know my dear friends that besides the necessity of securing this money to its rightful owners I must take every care not to get into a scrape about it myself - as I might be called over the coals hereafter when Anna marries

Mr K: will draw up a proper paper for you my dear Fanny & Anna, to sign in order to justify me for allowing you to raise it - As I lend the money however - and expect to have it repaid again to me, I make it a point [remember] that the mortgage shall be made to me - That is one of the conditions my dear friends on which I lend the money and which I am advised by a man of business & friend whom I have consulted about it here - The Mortgage on Douro - & whatever papers are drawn up relative to this money - are all to be between Mr Stewart & myself as Exr for in fact I venture to lend the money and must therefore my dear friends see to its security. I will immediately give notice about the money which will not be ready for some months - and when I receive all the law papers from Mr Stafford K. I will transmit the money -or pay it according to your order in this country.

Remember that this £500 is Irish currency and that you will not receive five hundred pd British -As you are anxious to pay Mr G: Kirkpatrick you will of course direct his money which you will specify - to be paid at once to him in Ireland - & you will say distinctly whether there is any other sum to be paid before that balance be transmitted to you.

I would also remind Mr Stewart that if it should be the will of God to deprive dear Anna of her beloved mamma before the money is repaid to me - he will be bound to pay her the regular interest - or me for her.

I mention this to prevent any cause of discontent of disagreement hereafter between father & daughter - which would be very painful in every point of view

I am sure that Mr Stafford K. is so good a lawyer that he will understand how every thing should be properly drawn up - and when the papers are sent to me I will then submit them to a lawyer here that I may be quite secure that all is right

I hope dear Fanny that Mr Stewart's mind will be quite relieved from all anxiety now & I entreat that this money may be applied entirely to the payment of all his debts which I understand from your letter it is sufficent to clear - I am sure it will make you dear Fanny & your good little daughter very happy to accomplish this - & I hope it will be productive of happiness & comfort to the whole family [ ]

I wrote lately to you dearest Fanny & told you that our Sophy here - Francis's eldest daughter is going to be married to Willy Palmer as you know I believe as a College lad. He is very amiable excellent clergyman & seems very fond of Sophy whom he thinks nearly perfection - They are to be married she thinks some time in Octr - but we are not quite sure when. Louisa must stay 7 weeks at Harrowgate to have any hope of its being of any use to her -& then she wishes much to pay a visit to Mr Palmer at Durham - which will put the wedding rather later in the Year I fear than they expect - Willy is in a hurry - & so is his father, who was here this week for a few days - the first time of his seeing Sophy who has not got well acquainted with him yet - & is frightened by the stiffness & gravity of his manner - but I hear he likes her & is quite pleased with his son's choice - Poor young creature that she is - to embark in all the cares of married life [ ] I do feel very anxious about her - just before marriage every thing looks so smiling and bright - & so soon afterwards as many clouds are sure to overcast the brilliant sunshine of early love. On the whole it is better not to marry perhaps but enjoy single blessedness - but you do not agree with me in that I know dear Fanny - Thank heaven Frs was to have sailed tomorrow with Fanny Wilson from Bristol to Dublin - but she is laid up with so miserable a cold & Mumps & bilious attack that she is unable to stir - & will scarcely be able to sail even Thursday when the next steamer goes - I think they will be forced to defer it to the 8th

We are going to the Seaside - I believe to Walton on the Naze on the coast of Essex - the most projecting point - a quiet little unfashionable place just what we wish for but I fear not very pretty. We are to go in a Steamer I am sorry to say - a voyage of 8 or 9 hours which I do not at all like - but it is much cheaper than posting. You shall have in due time a history of my journey or voyage there - & of the place - and all that I collect to amuse you - and I hope by this time you have got the box & the maps on which you can trace our course. Maria Noble is come back from Scotland and I have not heard from her yet - I can say no more for post hour is come but that I liked dear Anna's little letter very much

God bless you my beloved Fanny & all your house

Ever Your Affect H Beaufort

[addressed: via N York paid by Portsmouth

2/2 single 1 10


2        7

Mrs T.A. Stewart


Newcastle District

Upper Canada

Aug 31

posr marked George St


31 AU 31








[The wax seal intact - a very florid F B]

78-008/2/9 #163

46 Pembroke Square Kensington August 31st 1838

My dear Fanny

You will be surprised to see my letter from this - but to account for my visiting England I must tell you that our dear William was obliged to leave India from bad health on leave of absence & he & Fanny came to pay us a visit when dear Wm persuaded me to return with them for a few weeks & your Aunt gave [though she nust I flatter myself] miss me a little however as Lucan House family are with me I feel satisfied that she will be paid every attention - & dear Jane feels happy that I am under Dear Williams care & I have every confidence in his doing whatever may be most likely to cure my face - if that means fails it will not be his fault - I am paid every attention by all here. My Wm & Fanny so affectionate. He has a dear Baby two months old - & guess his wife is very kind to me - I have told you in former letters that he had three children by his former wife a fine promising Boy about 12 a girl Emily 11 - & Nicholas a dear boy of 7 - I am sorry to say that dear Wm must return to India. Your Aunt Rachel Jane & all our Lucan friends liked him much. He could only stay in Ireland ten days - his health is improved thank God - We called on Miss Beaufort & heard a pleasing account of you & she kindly came here & told us she could forward a letter if I sent it this day - so I am hurried - & have scarcely time to say that I forgot a long letter I tried to send you & came after such hurry - Your Aunt Jane is very well & all friends at Lucan considering the sever shock of Dear John LaTouche's death - an unspeakable loss he is to his family & friends - pray God bless you & family thank Anna Maria for her letter - I answered it in the one I left at home - I am much pleased with all I hear of your family & wish you could be near us - Remember me most affecly to all and believe my dear Fanny your affece Aunt R Browne

Remember us to Mrs Flood

Dear William & Fanny desire me to remember their affecte to you -

78-008/2/9 #164

xxx At Mud Lake we took boat and had some hours rowing rather monotonous, though the islands and little points and the Bays were pretty; but it grew tiresome and we grew hungrey and were glad after Eleven Miles of boating to stop at a place called Betty Mckues to have Luncheon we sat on the grass and had cold Fowl, Hare and bread and then Melons and apples and wine. Our party consisted of Mr Wallis, Mr and Mrs Kirkpatrick and Miss Fisher Mrs Hagerman a Youngish widow and Miss Woodford a visitor from New Brunswick who was with the Kirkpatricks. About 3 O'Clock we got into a large boat at a place called Bobcageon and there had a beautiful passage up Sturgeon Lake and saw a most glorious sunset; after which the shades of Evening closed quickly over us and for a long time there was nothing to be seen but the black woods on each side of us till a light appearing shewed us we were opposite an inhabited house. This Mr Walls told us was his neighbour Mr Langton; Tom blew his bugle, and after sometime, we heard oars and a call and found that Mr Langton had come out in his canoe to welcome us to the Lakes - After some talking he bade us good night and we pursued our way quietly and silently for we were all tired and sleepy, we did not reach Fenelon till half past ten o'clock, but were refreshed at finding ourselves at Mr Wallis's very comfortable house, very nicely furnished and everything quite in nice style. We were shewn to our respective rooms to take off our Muffling and then a very short afterwards were ushered into the dining room, where was a most excellent supper laid out, to which we did ample justice, and soon after, retired to rest; by which time it was past one o'clock and we had been up that morning at four o'clock and were to be up betime next time, after a sound and refreshing sleep, we awoke early and were cheered by bright sun and a nice breeze xxx but I will give the account of this day amusement to Bess Rothwell in whose debt I am deeply involved and I am sure she will tell you all. Suffice it now to say that we got home on Sunday night; and I was so much better that I was able to walk two miles of the road from Mud Lake to Peterboro' and afterwards from Peterboro' home here. However I got cold that night, which soon brought me back to this old sofa, and now I am once more regaining and hope by care and attention and also the approach of bracing weather not to have another attack for sometime xxx

[part of the manuscript written on blue paper]

78-008/2/9 #165

Oct 6th 1838

My dearest Sister

xxxx I have written to Harriet and Bessy in this packet and they will tell you that on the 12th Sept T.A.S. Ellen and I set off to amuse ourselves along with the S. Kirkpatricks and some of their Kingston visitors. We spent three days very pleasantly with their friend Mr Wallis at Fenelon Falls, 42 miles from Peterboro - I was advised to try the affect of change of air, as I had not been well, so off we all set. I have given an account of our travels and the first days amusements to H.B. and B.R. So I will proceed to say that Friday morning after Breakfast we sat enjoying the cool breeze for sometime and then receiving from Mr and Miss Langton and some others who live out there, Ellen and I went with Tom and a young gentleman T.W. Boyd to see the Waterfall which is very pretty only 25 feet, but all across the River and even now when the water is very low it looked beautiful. There is an open passage across the river under the falls. I went near it but the spray rose like a mist and I was afraid of the damp. Ellen and her Papa went on a good deal farther but it was so damp they did not like to stay long. After we returned to the house there was various amusements for the Public men running in socks - climbing up a greased pole foot-races &c &c &c which brought out many spectators but I was so heated and tired after my dissipations to which I have been for years so little accustomed that I preferred staying in the house where I sat very quietly reading woodstock. Mr W. having a very good library. Ellen sat out all day, at 4 oclock we dined and after dinner Ellen & I lay down to rest whilst the rest of the Ladies went out to walk. There was to be a ball there that evening and Tom and Mr Wallis were as busy as bees decorating the Hall and stairs with oak boughs and lamps which they did with great taste and ornamenting the drawing room and chalking the floor; about nine o'clock I found the other Ladies were ready. Mrs S.F.K. was mistress of ceremonies which I was very glad as I was afraid Mr W. would have asked me as I am his oldest acquaintance and also, was the oldest matron in this room, but very fortunately he never asked me so I just kept myself quite quiet and enjoyed very much looking on at all the flirtations and all the sets made by some of the young ladies at our worthy host who is a most pleasing gentlemanlike young man in manner and appearance has a beautiful place there a very comfortable house and £700 a year into the bargain - The company soon assembled There were twenty two young ladies besides a crowd of beaux as fine looking and as handsome a set of young gentlemen as you could wish to see chiefly Scotch and Irish, they danced away merrily - supper at 12 oclock then dancing again and between times interludes of music, as Mr W had borrowed a piano from his friend Mrs Hamilton - We had some sweet songs and duets and then dancing again till absolutely the sun was shining - my poor old head was aching [no wonder] so I went to bed an hour before the party broke up - but my room being over the drawing room and the sun shining brightly through the white curtains, you may suppose I could not sleep. I dont think any body slept much for at breakfast every one seemed dull and sleepy. I was ill and obliged to go and lie down till I was summoned to the boat, as that day we were to return home. Miss Fisher begged hard to stay till Monday but Stafford had business at home so it was determined we were to go, Mr Langton had promised the night before to come with his boat, to take Tom Ellen and me to see his mother and sister who lived about two miles from Mr Wallis's so we set off and left the rest preparing to start also we were to pay our visit to the Langtons and come back to catch Mr Wallis boat as it came down. Mr L is very pleasing and gentlemanlike who has a beautiful place on Sturgeion Lake; his sister is a great favourite of mine. She is not very young but very ladylike sweet and gentle, his mother and Aunt live together. She is a widow, her sister an old maid, but both very old just like some of our old people at home. We paid them a visit of about half an hour when Mr L took us to meet the "Victoria". Our friend Mr L took his leave, Mr Wallis Mr Garbut MR Durnford and several of the gentlemen came down with us the first sixteen miles. My head ached so I could hardly look up, the sun on the water so dazzling. Ellen too was dull and tired as sitting up two nights running and being excited and routed about all day in the burning sun was what neither of us could bear as well as those who were more accustomed to it. We had most enchanting weather not a cloud in the sky and every place looked rich and lovely -

At Bobcaygeon we changed to a smaller boat and took leave of Mr Wallis &c and had a very quiet passage down from that to Mud Lake. We got to Mud Lake near sun set all very hot and tired, soon after we proceeded home and found our children all well and hearty under dear steady Annas care so there ends -

[parts of the manuscript written on blue paper]

78-008/2/9 #166

[piece of a letter from the middle of a page]

injured as I feared at first they would be - We have been so busy, so busy, making "up shirts & shifts! - about a week ago I had the happiness of receiving your fine folio by N York telling all about the Coronation - it did me a great deal of good for I was very ill & feverish that day - & it amused me, though I was not able to read it all at once - nor have I yet been able to read it to the poor damsels & Papa - as I feel much talking or attempting to read hurts me & sets me a coughing - I am careful I assure you for it neither agreeable or profitable to have those illnesses so often it is not asthma altogether now - the last two attacks have been more inflammatory & make me uneasy. I want to get some of the famous Irish Carragen Moss - & I think you could procure some & send it by any opportunity that may occur, or and nice Lozenges wh would be a comfort. I have a good deal of time for reading lately - & have been much pleased with Miss Sinclair's book "Modern Accomplishments" wh Mrs C S E sent me - tell her I have read it with much pleasure & think it a very useful interesting book and thank her again for thinking of me. Mrs Haycock lent me Woodstock wh I had never read - & since I finished it I have been reading over the history of Engd of that time - James Charles Cromwell - to speak my memory [ ]

Happy Christmas & Years - I am very happy indeed to hear an improved account of Sutton from Bessy - & to find that Bessy is quite well - when you write, will you thank her from me for the latter you forwarded to me - Frs & Ho &c join in kind wishes with ever you affectte H.B.

I dont know where Mr Townsend is now [ ]

[addressed: Septr 1838

Mrs G Kirkpatrick

care of Mrs Sutton

Cambray Place Cheltenham

Post mark


DE - 23


78-008/2/9 #167The LudlowCapt. Thom

The vessel the box is gone in

July 2, 1839

Still here dearest Fanny - notwithstanding all my intentions to be off! - but as to plans I am grown tired almost of forming them, for they never by any chance are executed - either circumstances or the plans of other people oblige me to give them up - My last change was I believe after I sent off my letter to you - for my plan had been to stay here quietly while all the rest of the party went to Oxford for the Commemoration - & get all my packing done - but of your box and of my own things - but it happened that the Oxford people or rather to speak more properly the Heads of Houses there - i.e. the heads of the Colleges settled that as Francis was going there he shd be paid the compliment of being made a Dr of Civil Law & however inappropriate such a compliment may appear to a sailor - it is considered a mark of great consideration to bestow on them an Oxford Degree - The desire of seeing him receive this & being present at the affair induced me to determine to go at once with the rest instead of paying my visit to the Palmers after it was over - I therefore made every exertion to finish your box & had the satisfaction of having it all done, & sewed up in its case by Saturday evening - though from their not finding a ship it has not yet sailed. The Palmers left us on Saty the 8th at one - and so on Monday we all were to go in Frs chaise Louisa & I settled to send our things by the Van on Saty - luckily on Saty I went out at eleven to look for something it came into my head to add to your things - & on enquiry found the Van went before two instead of four - so L & I had to pack up all our duds & think of every thing we cd be likely to want & a great deal of dress, as we must go full dressed to the general meeting at the Theatre - All were ready in time - & every thing was favourable to our schemes - on Sunday Louisa Rosa & I made an attempt to get into the Chapel Royal at St. James & that we might hear the celebrated Dr Hook preach but we could not gain admittance - & after losing a great deal of time there we were obliged to go to St. James Church & come in the middle of service - On Monday the 12th having eaten a hurried luncheon we left this before one - to go to the Railway - Honora & Emily inside & Francis & Rosa on the driving seat - Louisa & I in the back seat - at the Railway Francis Lou & I got one of the carriages of the train & the rest remained in the inside of their own - we went to near Maidenhead & should have arrived there in less than an hour I believe - only that by some mistake the train got on the wrong line which lost us twenty five minutes - They had horses ready at the place where the train stops [not being yet finished farther] & from thence we posted on to Oxford where we arrived at eight oclock - just in time for tea - very hungry & very ready to do ample justice to their bread & butter - and were very kindly welcomed by Sophy & William - The house is a very nice one - cheerful & comfortable - & good sized rooms - & there is a nice little garden at the back with a walk round it - and pretty little flower beds scattered in the grass - We were all very ready to go to bed - & no one will ever be made to sit up too late there for they are so mighty regular & always as soon as ten comes, they have prayers & then go off directly - Well to continue my history

On Tuesday we settled our clothes - & rested - and sat quietly till near 2, when we all, ten in number [for there were two Miss Palmers there - not relatives - but friends] when we all, dressed in nicest morning dress - set out to Magdalen College - which is generally called Maudlin - where there was on that day a public dinner given by the Fellows to their friends - Another Wm Palmer the brother of those two young ladies, is a Fellow there, & had invited us all - We sat, five one side & five on the other, just opposite each other - very little attention I must say was shewn to us - & it was quite a scramble - entre nous - but I would not say so elsewhere - It was long before we got wherewithal to dine upon & the moment we had at all dined our gentleman announced that it was time to got to the Concert, in order to secure good places - for it begins at four - So up we all jumped - and all the party but Frs & myself hurried off to the Theatre to be regaled with Music - He & I went to the Botanic Garden There Happened to be a Horticulture Show - & I saw several pretty plants - and all the prize plants - and it was very pleasing to see that in garden flowers, & in vegetables - there were prizes for the Cottagers - and wonderfully fine Stock Gilliflower they had brought in from their gardens - & we saw quantities at every little Cottage garden about the country, and in Sophys garden - it seemed to grow particularly well in that country - by the way I will send you some seed Well after walking about & looking at the classifications of the garden - we returned to Mr Palmers - & after Francis had rested, he dressed to go & dine out at Dr Bucklands where at a late dinner he was to meet numerous Stars - He went off at past seven - & I walked up & down the garden enjoying the lovely Evening till some time after Eight - I was reading all the time - but did not sit down because I was afraid of spoiling my nice gown by the roughness of a garden chair - [it was an olive satinet - a white silk bonnet & white silk figured Handf] I then went to dress myself & was just finished when they all came home delighted with their music of course & very ready for tea &c

We had it at the dinner table as we were so many & Cakes & bread & Ice & oranges &c, all very quickly disappeared - two or three friends dropped in - All talking about tickets for the Theatre for next morning - for even at that late hour sufficient had not been obtained for our large party - & there was so much difficulty in procuring them that there was great fear that all our party could not go - The Warden of Wadham a very important person at the head of Wadham College - was so mighty unwilling to give them - keeping them I suppose for his own friends - The poor Miss Palmers were obliging & said they could not think of going when we did not - as we ought of course to see Capt B. given his degree - The next morning we breakfasted at Eight oclock - & all dressed as nicely as possible - set out a little past 9 for the Theatre tho' the door was not to be opened till ten - We were first & got up against the door where we had to stand ¾ of an hour - & well squeezed up by the crowd we were - A Fellow stood outside the door to take care none went in without tickets - & another inside - They were called Pro Proctors. An uncle of the Miss Ps had called in the morning & advised them to come with us to the door, as before it was opened he might procure tickets - & if not he wd take them into the Area which is all the middle part of the house - like the pit in a play house and so it happened, as he had expected for just before the door was opened a messenger came asking for the Miss Ps who were with Mr W.P. & handed the tickets over the railing - This made us all very happy - as they had been so very considerate & obliging to us. The whole of this crowd we stood in was of ladies - for as no gentlemen were to sit with them, none were allowed to stand at the outside - At last much to the relief of us all - particularly those who cannot stand long - the door was opened & we got in time enough to secure the places wh the pro proctor had recommended for seeing best the procession, & the faces of the new Drs that were to be - There were seats purposely for the wives of Drs - but some how nobody had thought of getting a ticket for her - we all sat together very happily - I was going to make a scratch here of the Theatre - but will do a better one with my compasses that I cd have with my pen - we sat behind the Vice - Chancellor, above him - so we saw every very well - the whole of the Gallery we were in - consisting of several rows all round, & at the end - was filled with ladies - a fine sight - Every creature dressed beautifully - & many very handsome faces indeed.

All the Oxford Gentlemen seemed to think it a most beautiful sight - such a collection of ladies - Below us on each side of the Vice Chancellors chair saw the Drs & then their wives - all the area full of men - All upper Gallery, over ours - filled as full as it cd stuff with under Graduates - At last came the grand Procession of the Vice Chancellor & all the Drs all in scarlet robes - The Vice Chancellor read a long latin history of its being a Commemoration of the Founders of all the Colleges - & when that was finished - in came another Procession of the new Drs to be - Ld Rippen foremost - there were 9 I think altogether - Among them Sir John Herchel & Capt Smyth were friends of Francis's - We saw them all walk up the space cleared in the middle of the Area for them - Francis & the other officers were obliged to be in full Uniform & had their cloaks over it - but loosely so as to shew the Epaulettes - The V Chancellor - first read a short latin thing naming one - then Dr Phillamore read in Latin all that could be said or collected relative to the person - to shew his claim to the dignity -

Then the Vice Chancellor read something about him in Latin expressing that the University conferred on him the degree of Dr of Civil Law - & when that was finished the person bowed to the V.C. & walking up the seats took his place among the Doctors - Francis looked remarkably well - & was indeed set off by the others most of whom were very plain or ugly - He looked so wonderfully fresh - that it was quite delightful - and though it bothered him, the whole affair of being made a DCL yet he could not but be sensible of the Compliment - & he looked happy & bright - Some of the Drs were greatly clapped, particularly Wordsworth the poet who was received indeed with the most unbounded applause. Before the V.C. had come in the under Graduates had amused themselves calling out the names of remarkable people & either hissing & groaning, or clasping them according to their politics. When the Queen Dowager was named the feeling for her was universal through the building not a man that did not clap - & again & again. This most tremendous clapping took place - while at her name many fair ladies waved their Handkerchiefs - The Queen of course had been named first & there was a good clap for her - but nothing like either in Strength of length that for Qu Adelaide - The ministers were every one hiss'd & groaned at when named - All Conservative leaders of course much clapped - then there was a great clap to the blue bonnets - another for the pink bonnets another for the white - & then all the bonnets & all the ladies & then done all over again - and I am sure their hands must have smarted well before the day was over. After all the Doctor making was finished - Mr Keeble in a place something like a pulpit projecting from the Gallery - read a long Latin oration, wh you will guess was perfectly uninteresting to us - something that I was interested by observing the countecances of people - & I expected more sensibility of countenance.

After his oration - there was a long Latin prize poem read - & after that an essay on Taste in English - which was 50 minutes long - & though it contained many good ideas - & seemed very clever - yet it was tiresome because it was so difficult to keep up our attention to it or to hear it well. After that was finished an English prize poem was going to be read - but we all agreed that the heat was too much to be borne any longer & came away - Frs did see that we came away for he sat just before nearly under us, and afterwards of a lady fainting & not seeing us when he looked for us he was a little afraid that Honora had fainted - We went from the Theatre to friends of the Palmers - Mr & Mrs R. Greswell - from whom we had had before we arrived at Oxford an invitation to dine at half past two - Francis joined us there as soon as he could leave the Theatre - It was a very nice cold dinner - with cakes & all nice things - & as we had breakfasted so early & were exhausted by heat & fatigue, I assure you we did ample justice to Mrs Greswells hospitality which was very welcome to us - The moment we had satisfied ourselves - it was time to go to the Concert which was to begin at 4 in the Theatre we had so lately left - Mr Palmer Louisa Emily & the 2 Miss Palmers were the party - as all the rest found themselves unequal to the fatigue - We quiet stay at homes went home - the day being very hot - undressed & rested and Honora lay down & fell asleep - and a little after six, we all went out again - much refreshed & finding the Evg very fresh & pleasant - We walked into various College gardens - some of which are pretty indeed - & in all of them very fine magnificent trees - Horse chesnut & Elm & Oak - & Platims - besides that white blossoming Accacia or Robinis - We loitered so long at Magdalen College in Addison's Walk that a shower came on - but did us no harm. We visited the Chapel there wh is beautiful - but quite modern in the building & only in imitation of the ancient one - We returned to tea - just a little before the Concert party came home - & all sat down as on the previous evenings to tea at the dinner table - & were regaled with nice glasses of Raspberry Ice. In the Evg came a note to Frs from Dr Danberry inviting Frs & party to go next morning at ten to see his dried plants - & his garden - Oh no that is wrong. We all went to bed gladly after the labours of the day -

Thursday there was to be another concert at 12 - but none of the party chose to go except Louisa & she gave it up - The morning was very wet - but it cleared up - till rain came on again - Mr Palmer of Maudlin dined with us - & Mr & Mrs Greswell came to tea - it was that Evg we had the note from Dr D: above mentioned - and so next morning - Friday - Frs Honora Louisa Rosa & I went in a Fly, for it was heavy rain, to the Bot. Garden. There we looked at dried plants & drawings of many years back by different botanists - & at his Conservatory which was close to the house - but into the garden it was impossible to go from the rain - The Fly forsook us & we waited a long time for it - then it cleared up just to let us walk home - It was at the far end of Oxford from where the Palmers live. The carriage was then ordered, & Frs & Honora set out for London leaving the rest of the party there. I offered to procure Canadian plants - or give him some of mine - but he had got a very extensive collection & did not think it likely I cd procure any thing more - so I made no further offer. He shewd us some volumes of plants - among which I saw several of those your dear Girls sent me - & did not see some of the most curious - he had some of the dark colored flowers with three petals - & every thing & I thought I should have remembered its proper name for you but Alas at this instant I do not remember it - He gave his card to me saying that any day I shewed it at the gate - the Gardens wd admit me to the locked upart of the garden - but afterwards when I did go - the Gardener had not the key - so I only got into the outer - general garden - & not into the experimental one as it is called - & I never cd go again because of course every day while we were at Oxford Sophy & Mr P formed their own plans for taking us about - & I cd not put them out of their way by gong to a place they had no call to - After F & H left us - it was settled we should dine at 4 - & then go about in the Evening - so every Evg till the weather grew wet we went to two or three Colleges & their chapels - all were well worth seeing & very interesting indeed - & very delightful it was to see them - but to tell you a secret - the seeing so many one after another - rather made a little confusion in my head - & some of them now, I dont know distinctly which is made - One day we went to the Bodleian libry only a part of which is shewn - & a long gallery of pictures, of which some were very ancient - some few good - many very indifferent - I think - The first Sunday we were there - we divided in the morning & went to different Churches - & indeed in some degree the 2d Sunday too - I twice heard the famous Mr Newman preach & read prayers - but perhaps no account of him has reached your remote world - He & some others divines at Oxford - Dr Pusey particularly have some peculiar opinions - & are much inclined to some of the papistecal observations though they declare themselves opposed to the Papists - They keep all Saints days & their vigils & fast days - & I believe - at least it is said that Mr Newman & some others do penances - but I am not sure so keep that to yourself - They have been this long time publishing things that are called Oxford tracts among which there are several odd opinions hinted at or put forward - They & The Evangelical party are quite opposed to each other - The Oxford people such High Church that they do not consider that any one belongs rightly to the Christian fold, who does not belong to the Church of Engd [ ]

Presbyterians & all dissenters & Methodists of every kind they scarcely allow to be Xians - I think at least so far as I can gather - but they are very reserved in communicating any knowledge or opinions on Religious Subjects - so it is very difficult for one like me - not initiated to say exactly. All I know is - it is a very unfortunate thing for Religion - as it completely separated the religions of each party & prevents that uniting together which ought to be without regard to petty differences of opinion, as all truly religious Christians looking to Christ as their Founder & as their Redeemer ought to judge of each to each other with Christian charity & mildness - & think only how best to bring all into one fold in which we are told our Good Shepherd will collect his sheep from all people & kindred & nations &c. One of the odd things these people are restoring to the state of former times - is having gigantic candles on the Communion table just like a popish chapel - & no reading in the churches such as you were accustomed to - but instead of that a little sort of desk table at which they kneel with their back to the people & face to the Altar & the Bible rests on another stand - with an Eagle to support the book - These are little things but they all tell more or less in regard to popery.

But I have so many other things to say that I will not touch any more on this difficult subject - After Frs & Ho left us - we remained still a large party as the Miss Ps - Rosa Emily & ourselves were all there still - We went about a great deal to different Colleges & their Gardens - but the weather grew rainy & that was a sad interruption to our goings about - on Thursday the 25th however the day was very delightful - & fit day made on purpose for our pleasure - so it were -for it was one fine day in the midst of many showery ones - & that day Mr P: louisa, Emily, one Miss Palmer & I went to Blenheim about 7 miles from Oxford in a one horse fly. We drove thro' the town of Woodstock up to the back gate which leads through the office to the Castle - The great yard & offices at each side looked quite deserted & melancholy - for you must know the Duke of Marlborough is very much embarrassed - His debts are enormus - & his creditors have possession of all the place - They allow him about four thousand pound a year - and having no power there except in his garden which is beautiful - he can do nothing else but idle & attend to this garden - He is a man of very bad character & conduct - his wife is able to live away from him & nobody visits him as he has a vile companion. The home is not shewn till 2 oclock, & as we were there even after one, we drove about the Park first - there is on a height in front of the Castle a large high pillar - on the pedestal of wh are long inscriptions on each of the 4 sides, about the duke & Queen Anne's favour to him; but we did not stop to read them - We drove through very pretty grounds - little hills & dales - Quantities of large trees scattered oak, in particular - I never saw such stems & such charming magnificent Oak as there in the Park - The drive was very delightful round it - unfortunately we could not get a ticket for seeing the private garden - which I wished much to get into for the Duke is a great Botanist & florist - the only good thing about him & indeed the taste seems a very inconsistant one with such a disposition as his - We could only see a little of it from the Liby window. When we returned from the drive we entered the house - The Hall is very magnificent & double cube - i.e. as high as it is wide - indeed it seems to go up to the top of the house - near the top is a row of large windows - as well as huge windows below - the ceiling & walls are painted & there are a few Busts - I really cannot recollect how many rooms we went into - We found a crowd of people, 30 I dare say who had come for the same purpose as ourselves & the person who shews them holding forth so we followed the crowd - There are some few very good pictures - but generally speaking I was much disappointed in them. The rooms are not as large as might have been expected from the size of the house but there are several of them - & at one place where they had the doors of all the rooms opened, so that we could see from one side to another completely through the house, & there the showman told us the length was 430 feet - The Library is very handsome - very much more than a hundred feet long - & looking into the gardens where I saw many pretty roses in blossom. In several of the rooms are very large pieces of Tapestry - & very fine indeed - the colors still bright - the proportions wonderfully good & really making very good pictures - They represent the various remarkable battles of the Duke - & in each, there is in the foreground three or four of the principal officers on Horseback - whose likenesses are meant to be preserved. When the people who had come in before us came round to the place where they had begun, the showman then came with us to the place where we had joined them - when we had seen all those rooms we walked about till the Carriage was ready - The Elm trees are very fine - but the appearance of the foliage was quite grey & surprised us very much - at this time of the summer when it ought to look so fresh & rich! - Upon looking more fully at the trees & looking at the leaves between it & the light, we found that every leaf was in a state of network- so eaten by insects - or spoiled by some blight - that they have a most extraordinary appearance - not the least bit like summer every leaf just as full of holes as this sketch [sketch of leaf drawn here] - it seemed to be the case with every Elm there - & with a few only of the oaks - I observed afterwards in our drive back to Oxford that there were trees on the roadside in were in the same state - & the same in our journey to town I observed it in our journey back to town that in one part for some way the trees had the same appearance - so that I suppose it was caused by the blight that it was said had a few weeks before gone across the country - We had taken a nice basket of biscuits & Strawberries with us - wh saved us from famishing - We got back to Oxford by 5 OC

The next day Wedy - I got up very early & packed up all my things - so that I had the day to do what I liked - & we went about paying a few visits and idling about in the evening Ld & Ly Adare who came to Oxford that day came to tea - That morning the poor Miss Palmers had been much shocked by hearing of the death of Their Aunt - who had been nursing her daughter in a scarlet fever - had taken it (I suppose some days before) but only complained of feeling ill on Friday so slightly that the physician scarcely attended to it - Next day she died! - The poor daughter had since died. On Thursday morning at 9 ½ the Blenheim Coach came to the door for us & Lou & I set off on our journey back to London - We had only one other person a very quiet female - and had a very prosperous journey - arrived here at four - & found the small party here very well & very happy - Frs & Honora had almost a second honeymoon - & I think our return must have been a sad interruption - but it was necessary to return or we should never get back to Ireland - or get away - Since our return we have been visiting shopping & dawdling about - but we have not yet begun to pack -

This day Wedy 3d we are to have a great dinner party - and when that affair is over I then hope to get a large chest I am going to pack up into a little room at the back of the hall - & pack up all my books & everything I want to send in it, direct to Dublin.

Honora is amazingly well & strong - & able to do more than I thought she would - taking long walks with Frs - & able to go like anyone else out to dinner or visit or Evgs - & coming every morning to read to him from 7 to 8 - So you see I should have no opportunity of doing much for him now - were I to remain here - Indeed it would be very tantalizing to me who had been so much with him while I have been living here - Except early in the morning when I still continue to come to the library as soon as I can get my clothes on - I should see nothing of him but at mealtimes - So that it is no wonder I like to rise early when I may have a little bit of him - Then I go back to Ireland - I shall I am sure feel a great change from London society - even the little of it I have been in - for Dublin is quite changed - and besides I know I shall find it difficult to make my little income stretch to the little pleasures & indulgencies I should like to give poor Louisa - but still I think it right to have a house of my own as I can - & right to have my sister to live with me and share in the same comforts I have - instead of her living by herself in some skimping way - as she would have done if I had consented to make this my home - And I am sure I shall be happier in every way - I hope in a few months to have my affairs settled if it please God to permit me to live so long - then I shall be better able to arrange my expenses & see how I can manage - but till all the arrangements about my purchase of my lease, are completed I really cannot tell even what my income may be - every thing is at sixes & sevens & if I died just now my Exr would find it very troublesome to arrange all - You ask what is my income? I can only say that it would have been at the very utmost £270 per an- had I received it all, wh I never did the Rents were so indifferently paid - What it will be now I know not - but less I fear as I shall have to pay interest for a large portion of a Mortgage of £1050 wh I was obliged to give to the Commissioners for the purchase of this same lease. So that you see dear Fanny I shall have nothing like the means that dear Bess had for supporting our little establishment - And I confess with all my determination to have a house of our own - & be independent - I often feel frightened at thinking whether we shall at all be able to keep out of debt & make both ends meet - in Ired - particularly - for though it is a much cheaper for living - all our habits have been so hospitable that it seems very doubtful how we shall be able to resist being so - but we shall try at all events - If possible I will write to you by N. York just before I leave London - which I think of doing about the 16th or 17th which will be this day fortnight - if I can possibly do so - I have nearly determined to go in my own carriage instead of selling it here for nothing - I should like to take it to Ireland & keep it - or if I did sell, I know I sd get more for it there - on the other hand the journey will be much more expensive - and there is a great difficulty in managing a journey in one's own carriage where there is neither Servant nor Gentleman to see to everything - & I feel a little frightened at the idea - We mean to go by the Railway to Manchester - whether in coach or chaise - & then travel with horses instead of Steam from thence to Harrogate - You will be sorry dear Fanny to hear of the death of poor Foley - he had been rather unwell for sometime - but was very suddenly seized with a sort of apoplectic fit which changed to brain fever - in a few hours he was no more - This was brought on I hear by drinking - His shop was going well - but that selling of Spirits is dreadful - & people become so accustomed to them, sipping & sipping that they know not where or how to control themselves - & so the habit grows - poor Peggy I am very unhappy about - & I dont know what will become of her poor children. She has changed sadly in her ways! - and now she wants me to lend her of her own money fifty pounds & promises to repay it in Novr - but that I am sure she never will - it is all very melancholy

I told you in my last I believe about poor Fan Wilson. She is progressing very well - & increasing in size & every thing very promising - she is much less suffering than she was - & we are in hopes her health will be very much better if this child comes to perfection - She is now gone to a place at Hammersmith for a change of air - she was removed on Monday & bore it well I hear - Harriet Butler is with her now - & next month her Mother will come to her when H. returns home - The little Foxes are with their Father now at Annamore & will return to her then. All well at Etown - Rosa E as you will see by the paper has just had a little daughter - with a Spanish face & will I trust recover well - Maria quite well again & leg healed & Lucy wonderfully active - I believe I told you already of her going to a ball at Longford & dancing without any bad consequence -

78-008/2/9 #168

[Miss Beaufort;

receipt, June 3, 1839;

no transcription]

78-008/2/9 #169

[to Miss Beaufort;

receipt, April 16, 1839;

no transcription]

78-008/2/10 #170

[Hatch St.

April 9, 1840

My dearest Fanny]

The Bearer of this letter Thos Colyer by name is a young man who lived as Clerk with poor Foley for some time and served him faithfully and very affectionately for he shews still a very great interest in every thing concerning the Foleys; and when little Johnny Foley was here lately, he was so much touched at seeing Johnny, & the child so glad to see him, that is speaks well for his heart at least. He has been for some time living with a respectable grocer in Baggot St of the name of Ryan - but has now taken a dislike to the Grocery line to go to Canada where he has some relations already - and where he intends if possible to set up in the Cloth line - and as he has a friend in Upper Canada who is a taylor it probably be very profitable to him. He thinks of going to Peterboro' I understand and has requested me to give him a letter to you - which I do readily because I believe him to be a young man of good character - and without putting yourself out of your way, you may safely recommend him to any friends who will deal with him - but I do not want you to quit any person you already deal with for him - but only just to recommend him & speak for his character. He will tell you that Lou & I are very well & I assure you my dear that we are very snug in our nice little house - of which I hope to send you a plan by Mr Kirkpatrick or else in the box which I am sending out - with little contributions in it from many friends. We are going the beginning of next week to Etown to stay till the beginning of May - but a short visit you will say - The case is that Honora & Fanny are both coming over to Etown in May (early) - and they want our visit to be paid first; - besides that Francis & Rosa are going very soon to Italy to see Rosa's sister who is very ill - & they wish us to be there before they go away. It is rather inconvenient to go just now - but however we cannot help it as they are so urgent. Poor dear Aunt Mary has been very ill of Influenza - & I think they were alarmed about her - but she is better & will throw it off I think & trust - The rest are well. Poor old Mr Keating is dead - a Mr Robibson has been appointed in his place - whom they all know & like much - & wished should come here. We shall return to town from Etown & remain here probably for some time - as I do not think William & Emma can be ready for our promised visit sooner than Autumn if even then; - they have not yet got into their house - they have had so much to do to make it comfortable & fit for them. I hear it is a beautiful place and that they like it more & more every day - Wm is remarkably well. He has had so much exercise going back & forward constantly- superintending all that was doing there - the name of the place was Castle Jane - but it is now called by its Irish name of Pulcarrah (very ugly). Mrs Waller & Maria have just spent a week with us & are now gone to the Suttons in Mountjoy Square - He was very ill Sunday night but quite well enough on Tuesday to have them so they went that day from us - and have cheered up poor Sutton & have done him good. Dear Bessy had not been well after her return to Rockfield - but the last accounts were better a great deal - Mrs W & Maria seemed very happy with us & were so kind as to be contented with our little homely way of living - & the attendance of a maid only! - Now darling Fanny I have filled my paper & must say Adieu - I will soon write to you by post - in the meantime May God bless & perserve you & all your home - prays your most affectionate H. Beaufort

I have sent little John Foley to an agricultural school in Donegal wh is under the superintendance of a Capt. Kennedy. I will write very soon by N York.

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9 Hatch St. May 5, 1840

My darling child

I have been obliged to delay to this last moment my intended letter to you by this mail - because I was forced to wait for the return of Mr. R. Jameson from Liverpool. He is a most obliging man & very satisfactory - and now my dearest I must tell you what he has been doing for me - He has been sending off a box for me - to Montreal along with a box of his own - and I lose no time in giving you notice that Tom may write immediately & take all necessary steps - Mr Jameson altered the direction I put on it to Mr Dunlop - and instead of that he has forwarded the box directed to T.A. Stewart Esqr - to Messr H & S Jones forwarding agents at Montreal & Prescott - by the Coeur de Lion Robinson Master from Liverpool to sail probably the 6th or 7th of May. That is all copied exactly from the paper which he wrote down for me - and most anxiously do I hope it may have a safe journey & arrive in better time than the last box. As soon as you hear any thing of it pray let me know - for all the friends who joined in that little volunteer Box will be eager to hear of its safety.

There is a list as usual at the top of the Box - a copy of which I sent to Mr Jameson - and another copy of which I give you here - as it will be satisfactory.

Linen Drapery £ 8 11s

Hardware 15s

Stationary 1 1s

Books 2

Hosiery 2

Haberdashery 1


£15 7

That is a general account - hereafter I will in some future letter give you the particular accounts of the manner in which I disposed of the several sums which were entrusted to me to lay out for your advantage but I am dropping asleep now -

This sleep is a great plague my dear Fanny when it forces its company upon me - however at other times he may be; he certainly visits me too frequently sometimes I yield & give in to him for a quarter of an hour but at other times I cannot but struggle against him. But I sat down too soon after dinner & that always over-powers me.

I must now explain to you about the box. Upon your saying in your Decr letter that Tom could not let you send any Commissions this year, & that you must therefore do or try to do without calico & flannel & gown; - it came into every body's head - I.E. Mine & Marias Mrs Wallers & Aunt Suttons that we might send some things over to you. I had determined that if no one else sent any thing I would at least if I could scrape up money for it, send you a piece of good Calico - So then Aunt Sutton took that charge on herself - & James Waller - very kindly indeed, and Mrs W. & Maria all gave me money to lay out on what ever I thought you wanted most - but unfortunately I had very little grounds on which to build any guesses, after those few things you hinted at - so I can only hope that you find them useful to yourself & the large family A piece of shirting - a little cheaper some 4d calico - Printed muslin gowns - (one of which different from the others for yourself) - and some Flannel both coarse and fine - also a dozn & half Cotton stockings wh I tried to get wide & long to fit your tall daughters & yourself - There are also 4 dresses of Mousseline de Laine which should be lined all through to make them warm enough - you can either line them with the cheap or if you have old gowns perhaps they might answer the purpose. Your Aunt Sutton's piece of shirting is a large piece down at the bottom, She has sent you also a parcel of Tablecloths which I am sure you will be glad to have. They are all sewed up in a parcel so that I could not put them as flat in the box as I could wish.

I mentioned to you some time ago, I think I had 4 large cloths that I intended to send you - but I am sorry to say you will find but one of them. I could not get the other things & them all in - & was obliged to unpack the box & do it over again - It was of less consequence as Mary's parcel - and I sent you one as a pledge the 3 others should follow. In the bottom are lots of old Quty Reviews and Christian Examiners which Mrs Pakenham took a fancy of getting rid of & thought they might be acceptable to you & Tom - & asked if I thought them worth sending - & thinkings in them that would be entertaining to you all - I accepted them for you - I have also sent you some old home books which were of no use to me & might be to some of your flock - I wish I could have sent more new ones - but my means are so limited this year dear Fanny that I could do scarcely anything I wished - I have only sent you & the girls one or two new books - & I have sent you a new collar - the largest of those that are sent - the others are from Louisa for the dear girls - I sent you two little morning caps such as are a good deal worn here - & some quilling to put border - which you will put under the edge of the cap - & then add strings at the corners - the old pattern I used to send is no longer worn by anyone. I wish I could have had some knowledge of your wants as to shoes & of your various measures - for your letters to Bessy was lost - & I believe there was no duplicate of that - I sent you a very pretty book of butterflies - a volume that I happened to have which may amuse you now & then to look at - And I do hope dearest Fanny that I have guessed rightly as to the articles that might be useful to you - I sent also a good deal of Stationary & a Jar of Ink which will be very black I think - when it grows thick in the open bottle add a small quantity of Beer or Porter to it - or else Vinegar. Now I have given you a long chapter on the box & I must turn to something else.

Stafford K: sailed on the 25th for N York & I sent a huge letter by him - & a packet of Lozenges - (there are some in the box too) and two little books - no, only one I believe letters on the Miracles. I sent you Tales from the Rectory, by a young man of the name of Collier who wishes to settle in Canada in business - but would like to get into some mercantile house before he sets up for himself - He has a good character here & you may safely recommend him - he lived as clerk with poor Foley for some time.

Mr Robt Jameson was here today & sat some time & was very pleasant & agreeable - & talked away about Canada without being questioned & dug at - I find he is going to settle at Liverpool very soon - So he promised to take charge of my boxes when he is there & it will be a great comfort indeed to have a friend to depend on. Well now I have to tell you we are very well - & our house much admired by every one - it looks so bright & sunny & clean & we have at present such a lovely view of mountains in front & of gardens full of fruit trees in blossom at the back - We are pretty well settled - but have no manservant - perhaps by next winter we may be able to afford it - but till all my bills are paid I cannot venture on any expense I can possibly avoid - The housemaid is a good sort of girl not very bright - Poor Mary Toole faithful & good & willing to do all she can - & her niece who is about 13 - a very good quiet little girl very handy at needlework & helping me to dress - the most stayed little regular thing - & indeed very useful - Mary's son died while I was in Engd - I believe his brother Jimmy is going to America but whether to the States or Canada I do not know.

I believe it was the day after I sent my letter, that we dined with the [Sacks] to meet the HHs who were there now - & the next day Lou & I went over the water to pay several visits and in particular to the Suttons with whom we sat a good while till he began to moan & grow fidgitty & then we came away - Bessy has gradually recovered & very steadily is now driving out once more in the open carriage & looking better I hear than before her illness - I dont recollect any thing particular after that till the 28th when we went with the Hamiltons to the grand Royal Flower Show - where there was an immense crowd - people paid 2d at the door; and there was £ 230 received. The flowers were beautiful & a great variety of them - of Auriculas particularly - I think among all your wild flowers you have never found any of the Primula tribe cowslip primrose or Auricula. On that Evening in spite of the fatigue of the morning we went to tea at the Miss Featherstones to meet Sir George & Lady F - indeed as to the morning - I did not mind the crowd a bit - the only tiresome thing was the perpetual hurry & fuss the Hamiltons were all in - between fear of crowd & hear & one bother & another - & louisa & I were sorry to be hurried away quite so soon from the flowers & the Company - It was such a bright day & every thing looked so pretty - Besides the plants in the Rotunda wh were placed on a stand halfway round like a horseshoe there were 2 tents in the gardens filled with flowers - & people had the pleasure of walking about - it was altogether a gay & cheerful sight - a show of bonnets & beauties as well as flowers - The evening was pleasant enough - I met there Mrs Westby who I have not seen since my return - She is grown very old & has nearly lost the use of one leg from Rheumatism - She does not go out much into the world now - & louisa Westby who used to be a fine dashing bright looking creature - has lost her colour & is all sallow & pale & quite melancholy looking & has lost a front tooth. Mrs Moore who was the youngest seems very well & happy & prosperous -

Next day we sat an hour I believe with old Mrs Litton - who was so glad to have a visit at last & was in such good spirits for talking that she held me tight all the time - She is quite blind & so deaf that one must speak close into one ear - but her mind seems quite clear & as bright as ever & all her feelings - & her enjoyment of books & of conversation - She was very glad to hear you were well & had such a good nice family. She lives with Mrs Gabbett who looks as old as her mother with a long thin nutcracker face - & no teeth

On Thursday we ordered an inside or box car as it is called & drove to Clonkeagh to visit Hannah Gerrard who seems pretty well & was very glad to see us - we paid her a long visit which she rewarded with luncheon & a great bunch of Jonquils - & then we went to the Cottage & sat there a long time & walked in their garden & got another nosegay there. Poor Bess Gerrard looks wretchedly ill & old - & has lost some of her front teeth - Maria looks always the same! Hannah McC - pretty well - poor little Octavia but indifferent - all very kind & glad to see us & all enquiring about you - Mrs Bate was there - looking very old indeed.

Fanny Dallas I heard there is very well & is just now at her cousin Mr Wood at Milverton - his son is going to be married to a daughter of Edward Taylor who lives near Bealbriggen - She is to be at the wedding - & I have some hope to see her poor thing. She has still her little nephew with her - Mr Donovan will not be at any expense for him & is I believe very disagreeable - Anne Lyne & all her little party are coming back to town and are expected to land this night or early tomaoorw - they were to come in the Steamer from Falmouth - I hear they are all pretty well & in tolerable spirits - but my next letter will tell you more about them than I can in this one. We see very little of the Jas Lynes tho' so very near us - She is always in the nursery & scarcely ever sees visitors - She had 4 girls - John Lyne looks very ill & I think will fall quite into a decline. he is quite different from the rest - so fond of all kinds of pleasure & dissipation -

The Miss Wests are in town now & every body is inviting them - we went to the Sack's on Saty to meet them - & to the John Littons last night for the same - & are invited for Thursday to the Gabbetts for the same but happily are engaged at home for Miss Strickland who is town is to drink tea that evening - & very stupid it will be to her - I am sure - tomorrow evening we are to tea at the Hamiltons & on Tuesday the 12th we are to be at a grand party there - & I must have the Wests here some Evening - James Waller was here today - he had just come up - & was going to Clontarf where Julia is at present staying - he seems to think seriously of adding a little to the house - & a bow to the old drawing room - Louisa has been drawing plans - an architect also - & he is to come again tomorrow to consult Louisa about them - I hope you [ ] the Evg mail nightly pray tell me if you do not - I think we shall go to Etown the beginning of June at least I hope so - while the roses are in bloom. Louisa is unwilling to stir I think she is so new fangled with the house & so happy setting her things & continuing to find places for all her port-folios & &c - so I will go without her - I think the Wilsons are to be over about Sunday next - & will stay a day in town & go to Trim - when Lestock returns Honora will return with him I believe to her poor lonely generous husband. Dear Fanny you may well imagine what a change it is to me to be here in a house of my own from being companion to my dear brother so long living there for him - now for myself chiefly Sophy Palmer is to be confined in July Honora will go & take care of her - & in the end of summer she & Frs & the 2 girls will come over I believe to Etown. It is time now at the very tail of my letter, to tell you that I received on Friday the 24th your packet finished the 3d Feby for which dearest I thank you heartily - I grieve to find you had had a bad attack of asthma but then I do rejoice that you were nearly well again - I trust you are careful not to expose yourself again to the changes from hot rooms to your very cold air - Has any one ever sent you the recipe for tonohpaper (Touchpaper,) - I sent you one lately which I hope you will try but what a fool I am not to have sent you the materials! What a horrid fright you must have had about the Fire & your little wild boys - Master John particularly my dear Fanny I am longing to hear of your getting into the newer rooms that you mention - are they log or frame - what wd it cost to add two more rooms to those - so as to be able to get rid of the old bad home entirely? Tell me that - I sent you some flute & violin music for your boys - & I intended to have sent some songs - dear old things I thought you wd like to have but I had not room for them

Mrs Young is very ill & paralytic - & wretched. Mrs Philpotts came over to her lately - & has just been confined - Mrs R. Thompson is dead - she had a dropsy dear Fanny your letter was most interesting & I long for more - alas alas for the packets - no more of them - If any one is coming over I hope Ellen will send me a great bundle to her Journal - but I am sorry to say someone else has done what I wanted so long ago a Naturalists journal of Canada - Well I must stop God bless you my own beloved dearest Fanny and all your dear family prays your own ever attached old Moome

A letter from Honora this morning Wedy 6th says Aunt Mary was to go down last night to the Liby

Poor Mrs Lambert slipped as she was sitting down one morning - fell & broke the little bone of the hip joint but she is doing as well as possible quite cheerfully sitting in her own chair reading & working - and will soon be able to move about with a stick - They brought her bed down to the back drg room. She looks very well - My last note from Aunt Sutton said that though Sutton had had a good deal of pain all the week - it was not anything to make her uneasy


By Liverpool


via N York paid


Mrs Thos Alexr Stewart



Newcastle District

Upper Canada


May 6


MY 6


1 i


1 10



7 My 7








78-008/2/10 #172

Ahoghill Glebe, June 12, 1840

As I wrote to dear Ellen by the Halifax Mail of the 1st of the month what what I could not help being a hurried letter, when our friends from Coolmine were with us, I begin in time, what I intend shall be a long comfortable epistle to you, my own darling sister, to go by the Halifax Mail of the 19th; so you see, I am like Miss Jessie Betterworth "laying myself out entirely for goodness" in the writing way at all events - Yours of April 22d only arrived in Ballymena yesterday June 10th. Pourquoi was it such a length of time on its way? Thanks be to Our Father, it contained good news of you all, when it did come. The Lord is very merciful to us, May His Grace enable us to serve him & glorify him with the Health & Blessing he gives us - & to use them in serving him with all our hearts - I had a great treat in a visit of nearly a fortnight from our dear Maria Noble; it was very nearly 8 years since I had last seen her, & then it was but a press of one morning during 2 days I spent at Rockfield before my Georgy was a year & half old, so I may almost say nearly 12 years since I had seen her. I told Ellen, how she came, with Alexander, Mary Anne, & Anna Kirkpatrick - We had the most lovely weather & every thing prospered while they were here - They went to the Causeway & George accompanied them, while I remained at home with my sons - They are enchanted with our farm at Craigs, & with the scite we have chosen for the house - You will see by my letter to Ellen how we altered our minds about the first plan, the Cottage - It would have cost almost as much as a better house, so George though it best to get a proper plan from Mr Lanyon, the County Engineer, & the best Architect in Belfast. I send a sort of plan of one story, in Ellen's letter - but I will draw at my leisure the Elevations, & the Bedroom story. (It will be only a Ground & Bedroom story just the 2) - The Ground plan story - as you will see, has the parlour, Drawing room, Study, a small bedroom, Pantry, & Storeroom & Hall on it - The Kitchen is beyond the Storeroom, & in a Return, as well as Larder, Scullery, & Washhouse shower Water Closet. Over this are 5 Bedrooms, & a Servant Maid's room over the Kitchen. 3 of the Bedrooms would be very good, 2 others very small - but the Maid's room would be a very good one, over the Kitchen - There will be no Rending room Story at all - but there is to be a Cavity of eighteen inches between the ground & the Rafters of the floor, 6 of which are to be filled up with dry Stones such as they make roads of, & hot liquid Lime to be poured in amongst them (called Grouting) which grows perfectly hard & dry, & from that, there is to be a space of 12 inches from that to the Rafters - so we hope that this will prevent both Damp & Mice or Rats - George has contracted with a Builder for £ 756, - & every thing except Grates & Chimney pieces, is to be done for this, painting & all - Of course we have had to borrow the money, for which we shall have to pay Interest of 5 per cent - so we must just spend as little as we can, until we get it paid up by degrees - We intend to devote ½ the yearly income of Craigs Parish this will be about £ 100 pr An to pay up the Principal, & so reduce the Interest every year, as well as pay off so much of the debt - It will be a great Comfort not to be afraid of improving or making comfortable, as must always be the case in a hired house - I am sure George has sunk here since he lived here now for nearly 11 years a great deal of money that he cannot have any return for - Just as the Land is getting into some sort of order, he has to give it up; Well, I am sure it is all for the best, & we must only try to pay off the debt as fast as ever we can, for neither of us will feel easy, until we are clear again - We are both very prudent, without I hope being either stingy or mean, & I do not think we are bad managers either - We shall I think be able to live more reasonably as well as more comfortable at Hazelbank than we do now at least after the first 2 years, if we are spared; The house will be smaller, & more compact, & fewer Servants will do, in it. It is the size of this present house that is expensive, & likewise its being so much out of order that it makes double dust & double trouble, & as the Kitchen Grate is tumbling down actually, it takes nearly trebble turf to make a fire in it as the Servants will fill up the great Cavern from end to end - then, the places are all so far one from another, & the yards so out of order, & dirty, that the Cook here, has no Sinecure of her Situation, particularly as we are obliged to have a great many fown, good meat is so hard to be got in Ballymena twice in the year The only alteration I see in our dear Maria is that she is gray - a little in the front of her hair, not in the back - Her skin tho more healthy looking is not so delicate as before, but she is the same dear darling affectionate Creature as ever - Dear Anne K. remained behind the party intending to remain here for the summer, but alas when the Coolmines got home they found poor dear Lydia in her bed & Blistered & bled, with influenza - so Anne is to leave us today, as she fears that poor Cathne might have to exert herself too much in Lydia's illness - you may have some idea how very very sorry we are to lose the company of our dear sister Anne, as well as for the cause of it - She will be a terrible loss to me, as George is really away each day from breakfast till dinner - Uncle Sutton is actually moved out to Kingstown! Only to think of it! his Constitution is most wonderful; - I hear my dear Aunt is looking very much altered indeed. Oh just to think of her constant observations of Suffering in her dearest earthly friend & of hopeless suffering, which no human means can mitigate - even Anodynes fail now at times - It must be dreadful - but he has the strongest faith & great great patience, & is just waiting the Lord's own good time to get out of this suffering world into the Glory awaiting him - I must send this today as it is the 16th Remember dearest Sister this is the 2d letter I have sent within this month to Douro - Tell Bessy to write to me sometime & never never do any of you say that you have nothing but Home news to tell me - Since that is what I like best, & I am sure with a Witness I have set you the example in this - God Bless & keep you all dears, ever & ever love your fondly attached & affectionate sister


78-008/2/10 #173

Vicarage Trim July 6 1840

My dearest Fanny

Mrs Lucas gave me the above letter or bill of Exchange several weeks ago to forward to you & write in, but I had just before she came sent off a long letter to you my dearest - and I postponed writing till I could give you some further information relative to your box - for I dont believe it sailed at the time I wrote to you it would - Mr Robt Jameson undertook to send it from Liverpool - & since that I sent him another box a small narrow long one to forward - but I have never heard from him since though he promised he would let me know all about the time they had sailed and by what vessel I have waited & waited to hear - and now I do not like to delay this Bill any longer - and so I determined to do my best to send it off this day - I shall probably be able to tell you of all your kin in this country as the Robt Nobles & Maria are to come this day to pay us a visit. After fixing numerous days in my own mind & being still prevented by some bother or other - we actually did get out of town on Tuesday the 30th June - setting out from Bolton St at 8 - we arrived here before 12 - an awkward hour to arrive as the day always seems unsettled - however we spent much of it walking about the garden & admiring the varieties of Roses which are in profusion - on the walls & scattered about - bushes of all kinds - I never saw roses in greater perfection of beauty but alas there have been since that, such quantities of Rain that they are very battered - though still charming. After I wrote last to you - the 8th of June I think I dont know anything very particular that happened - except drinking Tea at Mrs Warrens which (I believe was since) was a very uncommon circumstance & evenings at the Hamilton Schoales & Lynes - We spent 2 Evenings at poor Anne Lynes - They are tolerably cheerful but anxious & uneasy about John Lyne who is certainly not well & has been unwell for some time; Dr Stokes has ordered him to travel in Germany now - & to winter at Rome - but I fear wherever he is - he will be too fond of company and dissipation which has a bad effect on his Constitution - he is too fond of pleasure.

On June 17 Lucy E came to us for a few days - in order to choose a Piano for herself - which she intends to get at a moderate price - However kind generous Aunt Mary resolved to give it to her - as she had been long intending to do so - & she sent the commission to Louisa - They had a great deal of amusement I suppose in trying them - & they fixed on one they were delighted with - & since Lucy went home it has arrived & is placed in the Library between the Fire & the bow - against the wall near where the barometer used to be - & I hear that the whole family are delighted with the tone. I was most agreeably surprised at Lucy's being so well - & so strong while with us - & enjoying herself so very much - She seemed as happy as possible - & not nervous or easily excited - & since she went home she does not seem to have been the worse of that little week of amusement - She had come here & had rested for a day - then Mr B. carried her to town - & returned same day - & Harriet came for her on the 22d - ate luncheon & returned - leaving us at 4 ½

Both Mr B & Harriet were much pleased with our house - & Lucy was quite charmed & seemed very happy in it - On Friday the 26th - Louisa & I went by railway to Kingstown to see the Suttons - Oh I forgot the day before Bessy & Cathne Brabazon breakfasted with us and stayed all morning, till three when Bessy went by Wicklow Caravan to Delgany to Margt Ruxton with whom she is to stay for 2 months - & Catherine returned to her Mother who is lodging in Sidney Avenue - a short avenue between Merrion & Carysfort Avenues - You will see it in the map of the environs of Dublin - Well on Friday we stopped at the Black Rock & walked up to see Leonora, & sat an hour with her & then went on in another train to Kingston - & found the Suttons (even he) had driven out - so we paid another visit & walked about and then returned found they had come home - it was the first day he had tried driving out - & in Besseys nice easy carriage - it did not give him much pain. It was very warm & fine - & he enjoyed it.

They have a very nice cheerful house - 2 Roley Place close down to the harbour and lying on his sofa at the window he sees the Sea in all its beauty, & all the vessels large & small - that are gliding or flitting about there - it is a cheerful & a lovely view it is - a man was with him about business - so we first ate luncheon in the parlour with Mary & Bessy & little Bessy - & then went up to the Drg room to Sutton - but from the time we went up - Such numbers of visitors came that it was the greatest plague, as we could not have any quiet sociable chat - one Set after another - ' at last poor Sutton seemed quite tired - the heat of the room was over-powering as the Sun was on it

At three we left them - though they asked us to stay to dinner - but I am sure it would have been a great bore to them - & we were to drink tea early with Anne Lyne - We had a very prosperous journey back - just 20 minutes form Kingstown to Dublin - Bessy looked better than I expected - & seemed to have gained strength a good deal laterly - as we were coming away Mr R. gave us a very kind invitation to Rockfield - which I dare say we shall accept in the latter part of the summer - but that will depend on the movements of Francis & his little set who are to come to Ireland some time in autumn & I must be in town then - & Louisa wishes to be there too - Indeed she was very unwilling to leave Town - & would have lingered on if I had let her for weeks longer - she is so happy to feel that she has a home, & will no longer lead a wandering life - that she did not like to be unsettled but I was very anxious to come while it was real summer - while roses were in bloom & birds singing which they are delightfully - Thrushes & blackbirds particularly - Harriet I am sorry to say has a cough this some time past & though the strongest in Constitution of all poor old Fanny's daughters I cannot help being a little uneasy about her - She seems chilly - wh is very unusual for her - but Louisa has been doctoring her with a recipe of hers which seems useful already to her - & is simple - so I will write it here for you dearest Fanny. 10 drops of Antimonial wine and 6 drops of Sal volatile dropped on Sugar - taken frequently in the day - but never on an empty stomach - at night you may double the quantity of Antimonial wine - going to bed - This may be useful to yourself my own child - or to some of your young creatures - of course to a child you would not give so may drops - and now I am going to give up a Recipe that Emma sent me in her last letter for you - she says John, who is so very asthmatic finds benefit from it - but it must be perservered in [For the Asthma - from Emma] ¼ oz. of Elecamane and ¼ oz of Patent Ginger moistened with Barbadoes tar, sufficent to make pills - the pills to be pretty large - five or six to be taken in the course of the day for two months or three months.

But if dear Fanny there should be a little one coming - the cause of all these plagy attacks of Asthma - take care that this medicine is a safe one - it might cause something wrong for all I know - so pray ask Dr Hutchinson about it first - If you are in that way again - By the by you never mention the Hutchinsons now - & you did interest me about them - The day before I left Town I paid a long visit to Mrs R. D'Olier - Her looks & Spirits are improved I think - She is very handsome & pleasing - & enquired very affectionately about you & Tom & every one of the young people - Elizabeth I saw for the first time - she has a very pleasing countenance - and seemed very affectionate to you all - but in particular to Bessy who seems to have been her own dear friend - she would like very much to hear from her - so when you have an opportunity - I hope Bessy will write a nice long letter to Elizabeth - it would be a pity not to pursue the intimacy so happily begun - Indeed I do hope my dearest Fanny now that I have a house of my own - that I shall have a visit from time to time, from one or other of Your dear girls - Last year I was so unsettled & knew so little what I was going to do that I could say nothing about it - but now my dear beloved child - that I have a home and a comfortable one, I flatter myself that I can have my dear Grand daughters sometime with me - and I think a visit would be useful to them & that they are such rational sensible girls that - though very different in may respects from their mode of life in the Backwoods - it would not make them discontented with it to be with me - & to see a little of the old Country - Oh how I wish you my own dearest could tear yourself from all those little plagues of young Children who keep you tied at home - next year if I do not go to visit you - I expect you to send one of your dear girls to me - If you find a safe companion for her - when you answer this tell me if it will be possible - & how it could be managed. To return to Mrs D'Olier - I sent in the first box the little memoir of the last days of Mr Richd D'Olier wh I promised you - Dont forget to give me a nice message to read to her - Mrs Wollesley is better a little - but very delicate still -

I once told you the story of the Book wh I cd not get published - but you never told me what you thought of it - part was about Canada you know - I am as I mentioned before going to try very hard at some book now - to earn a great deal of money - as I have got much into debt - between all my various expenses of House & furniture &c. - & been obliged to borrow money - but hope to work myself clear in the world - I am going to try some sort of book for young people about a little girl who I want to make very interesting & not unnatural. Scene chiefly in Ireland. I received the letter in wh you gave me a commission for the paid stuff - long after the box had been dispatched - but I got it, as nearly as I could like what you described - 40 yards at 1/6 - and also the 2 new Cocks for the Teakettle - 10' - The amount of all three pounds ten - and packed in a box I got made on purpose just to fit it - had it sewed up in Linen - and gave it to Mr Jameson the day he was to sail for Liverpool so tho' he has not written to me, I hope he has sent it off long before this

I received your last letter dearest on Saty morning here & wish you had sent it off sooner as I might have been able to add to the things in that box at least some shawls for winter - & now I shall have no other opportunity this year I fear - but as the cheap cotton shawls of the kind we used to get they are out of the world - none to be found now but there are other kinds that would do - & I will be on the watch for them - unluckily I have not always money just ready to snap up a bargain - But your order for shoes never came - do let me know it & all the length& soles & kinds - & I may be preparing them against Spring - So do you allow for growth in your measures. I found a good cheap shoemaker lately - an honest man whose shoes I am told wear Uncommonly long & well - a pair of strong walking shoes about your size he only charges 4/6 for - So tell me what you want & I can have them to send by an early ship - I wish you would send me some seed of the Duckfoot & some roots of Asphodel - I am quite ashamed of forgetting the Primrose ribbon - next year I will - I am going to make a memorandum of that now and of all the things you mentioned in your letters

Mrs Waller & Maria & Robt & Mrs Noble have just come - all very well & send kind love - Mrs Noble & Maria going on Wedy to pay a visit of some days to Mrs West - Mrs Waller stays at Athboy to take care of Robert. Oh do tell me who were the offers that dear girls have had - I must stop - God bless you my dear child Evermore yours most affectly & lovingly H B


By Liverpool

1 1 via New York

9 paid

1 10 ship packet letter

Mrs T.A. Stewart



Newcastle District

Upper Canada

July 6



13 Ju 15









up - Can


SI [ ]

[ ]


78-008/2/10 #174

Edgeworthtown July 30, 1840

Dearest Fanny not having been able to obtain any exact account of the sailing of the Boxes when I wrote last - I am forced to write again sooner than I ought in prudence, however much I may like a good excuse for a letter to my dearest child - I heard the other day from Mr Jameson- who sent me the above receipt which he advised to send to you - & so I am following his good advice - & before I go to any other subject I will copy for you what he mentions of the other box, which I sent off in a great hurry - & which I find did not leave Liverpool for many weeks after. The Coeur de Lion for Montreal sailed from Liverpool on June 12 or 14th - and the Young Queen in which the box went, containing 40 yards of Plaid Stuff - sailed on the 16th July - and I do hope you may receive both safely my darling child - & that the Plaid may satisfy you - as I could not find any of the exact pattern you described I thought it better to get as nearly the description as I could - for in every shop they assured me the article you mention is not exactly to be had anywhere and I shall be most anxious to hear directly of the arrival of both boxes, and also whether the things I invented as being most wanted are acceptable to you & what you like. Your Uncle Sutton had paid me for the Stuff - & also the new spouts for your tea-kettle - which I desired to be of the best quality - They were each 5d - & the man said he was sure they would fit any kettle - I hope so - The Stuff was 1/6 a yard - I could not find any that was cheaper - in most shops they asked more for it - I got it at the Irish Woolen Warehouse in Castle Street - you [5 inches are missing from the top of the page where a receipt has been cut off]

[ ] I wrote to you from Trim the 6th of July - and now my dearest I am once more writing from poor dear Etown where I am glad indeed to find myself one more - after four years absence - the place & every one here like myself looks much older - The great storm destroyed many of the most precious trees and laid bare the poor Dingle so as to alter its character completely - & on the other hand in some places the Laurels & trees have become quite over-grown

The weather is now growing fine & I am in hopes will be now sufficiently settled to bring on the Harvest which is very promising in fullness & in luxuriance - but wants sun very much - If the wet weather continues it will be very mischievous but every one ought as yet to hope the best & not be despond - Assured as we ought all to feel that the Almighty disposes of all who careth even for the Sparrow - will not let us be reduced to beggary & misery without good reason - Certainly many suffered severely by the failure of the Crops last year - Gentry not receiving their rents & therefore unable to pay their trades people - & they of much distressed - And every one more or less We staid at Trim 3 weeks - went there on the 30th - & left it on the 22nd July - & during that time we had but two entirely days. A plan had been formed, of going to Tara as I mentioned in my last from Trim - to see the remains of the Royal Palace of the oldest of olden times - & of the great hall with eight doors - but there never was weather sufficiently good for such an expedition - nor any to dry the ground enough to allow us to walk about - Some how or other I contrived to get cold while I was at Trim & I have had a bothering cough for some time - but it is much better now - & indeed not worth naming except as part of my life & adventures & to account for not having been able - from prudence - to go out & about as much as I should like -

Harriet Butler had a cough when we went to Trim, which had stuck by her for a long time - however it is gone now - and her looks much improved - She devotes her whole time to the education of the little Foxes - & very nice little girls they both are

Fanny E. looks pretty well but she has lost the fresh look she had for years which gave her such a youthful appearance - She has never looked the same as before since she lost dear little Sophy. Maria looks pretty well - & seems in very good spirits - but one of her eyes is swelled & inflamed - & looks much less than the other. She is writing something - but I dont know what - no one has read it - I hope dear Anna & Ellen & Bessy amuse themselves frequently with Maria's works. They cannot read them without improvement to mind & manners - If they read attentively - It is a long time now since I had any letters from your dear girls - I know you cannot conveniently pay the inland postage of their letters - But I think there are frequently opportunities by friends coming to the old country -and so wish that one or other of them would always have a letter going on & then when any friend is coming - they might just seal it up in a hurry - While writing - they would put in any little thing of any kind that they liked - for whatever they write will be very interesting to me & I should be very sorry to think that I was to lost their letters - poor dear Girls - Your friends here are beginning to wish them married - but I should be sorry they were thrown away. However my dear, they must not be too hard to please - for I am afraid there are no men scarcely in your present country half nice enough or good enough for my dear girls so Mrs D'Olier says - She heard the report about young Reid but contradicted it being sure there could be no truth in it - and indeed I do hope they will do better than make such a choice as that. I am longing for another letter from you, and very anxious to know about your crops this year - I hope you may have no such horrible Hail storm this year as that last summer - & that every thing may thrive. I am anxious also to know if you have removed yet into the new part of the house which you mentioned in one of your letters, the plan of fitting up for yourselves & Girls - I wish very much you could afford to add two log rooms to what you already have - which I think would not cost much (tell me how much)

I fear the seeds I sent this year will be too late to be sown - and indeed I dont believe that would have produced well - all the flower seeds seem so very bad this year. If I can manage it any way I will send you a fresh set early next year, if they ripen well this autumn - Tell me all the kinds of Roses you have in your garden - & what you all wish for - And be sure you tell me what Tom & all wise people thick of the Union of the two Canadas - it seems to me a very doubtful Measure. I am sorry Mr Wade is gone to live so much nearer you - dear Fanny - take care - & be on your guard - For yourself & daughters - he is unprincipled & plausible. Poor dear Aunt Mary is much bent - body, neck, & even face - much more so than when I last saw her - She comes down with her maids assistance every day after luncheon - & sits in an armchair in the bow window & nets & people either talk or read to her -or indeed frequently drops asleep which I feel somewhat inclined to at present though only 4 ½ - This day is lovely & they are drawing home the hay - & every thing is bright & pretty - Lucy is exceedingly kind & attentive & devoted to Aunt Mary - & Fanny talks a great deal to her - reads also to her. They all sit at a small table which is placed at corner of the Liby table - & the reader is close at her Ear - They have been reading the life of Princess Daschkow lately published. Do you remember Miss Wilmot's returning from Russia after having been some years with the Princess Daschkow - I am afraid you were too young then to remember it - She has had the M.S. ever since - & from some particular reason never published it till this year - it is so very entertaining

I heard on Tuesday from Maria Noble - all well at Allenstown but pinched in room as they are adding to the house - it will improve the Drawing room but it is a pity since he is making an addition, not to go a little more expense & make it such as would give good bedrooms instead of little bits or rooms

The Suttons & Bessy going on well at Kingstown. I have not heard this month of our Cork friends so I can only hope they are well - All at Gloucester Place very well - but only think of my writing so much without telling you of the birth of Sophia Palmer's little girl - The nicest little babe in the world & most intelligent looking Honora says - who seems as proud as a real grandmother. Willy Palmer says the eyes are like his Mothers - so they are as happy as possible - it is to be called Helen after Mrs Palmer -

Lucy is very well & Fanny Wilson astonishingly improved, walking & sitting like any one else - and able to take long drives. I believe I had red your last letter dearest Fanny before I wrote last however I may as well thank you once again for you dear & kind Birthday wished dear child - Frs & Rosa are still in Italy - their fine boy Willy is with them - but the baby is here - She is dark & very like her Mother - She is a year old but does not speak a word yet - Now adieu my very dear beloved friend - ever most dear to the heart of your attached Moone

Love to Tom & all the young people

Your Aunt Sutton did not remember having sent you any nor where she got it

Lou & all your old friends of this house send their most affect love to you They wish to hear about the girls but I have not been able to read them any bits of your letters yet

The Christening is to be some time in August I hear - in Septr I believe Honora & her two Girls will come here - Frs will afterwards join them & make a little Tour but nothing settled yet

The distress every where in Ireland is quite dreadful


By Liverpool via N York

Mrs Thos Alexr Stewart


Newcastle District

Upper Canada

July 39 By Private ship

post marked



ship letter

1 AU 1



Y 31 M






[ paid 1 1


1 10

pd 8]

78-008/2/10 #175

Kingstown October 17, 1840

My dearest Fanny

I am commissioned by my good man to prepare for sending you your half years account and I gladly accept the offer, as my scruples respecting the postage you must now pay for every letter restrains my pen from being taken up, as formerly, upon trifling occasions. We as individuals, have gained much by the new regulations, only paying a penny for each letter we write, & each letter we receive, within the bound of half an ounce - but your pleasures are sadly curtailed by it, my Fan, which is a matter of serious regret. As I now confine myself to two letters a year I must endeavour to write close & stuff them well. Harriet gave a very nice account of you all, you dear parents and children, just received from Mrs xxx whom you rescued from her brute husband - (I cant think of her name at this moment) It was very satisfactory also to see Mrs Woodward, who in one short visit, seemed to have taken very accurate note of you & your girls. She said your house was extremely neat, & had an air of comfort & even elegance not often met with; the books were not lost upon her. She is a bustling stirring body, & she says she hopes to pay America another visit in process of time.

Well, I take it, you have been made acquainted with the events relating to George & our dear Kate, by Harriet or by Kate herself - how Mr Alexander, the Rector of Portglenome, Craigs & Ahoghill (all forming one parish) is dead - immediately the parishioners, who one & all idolize George, sent the strongest testimony possible in his favour to the Lord Lieutt praying him to bestow the living on the curate George K. who had done the whole duty for a long time. This was signed by all classes, dissenters, papists, & all - & several whigs & radicals to boot - The event of all this is that the parish is divided into 3 moderate livings, each made independent benefices - Craigs is alloted to George, and will add better than £ 200 per an to his income p a new church is partly built there & a glebe house must be forthwith begun - Ahoghill, with its fine house & Glebe, go to a Mr Tyrrell, a politician & Government supporter - I anxiously hope he may also be a man of true religion & follow up all the good our dear George has done in that locality - I have told all this though I dare say others may have also done the same. Now go to the 3d page & I will leave this for the pounds, shillings & pence

1840 The Revd Thomas Sutton's account

July 8 To half a years interest of

Recd in money in the funds

October to half a years interest

from J. Waller

£ s p

14 11 5

59 10 9

£ 74 2 2

The bill to be drawn for 62-12-2

with Thos A Stewart, Esq.

July 14 By cash to H.B. for things bought for F. Stewart

Oct 10 By one years interest on debt of £ 200

By cash in hand of T. Sutton

for the next bill

Also cash sent by Miss Bellingham

for Mre Foullis £ 2

3 10 0

10 0 0

60 12 2

£74 2 2

This place had agreed remarkably well with my dear invalid, who thank God is very different from what he was last winter, when we knew not the hour it might have been the Lords will to take him from us. He still suffers much, and all human appearance must suffer pain while he lives, but he has intervals of ease & his strength & his looks & his appetite have all improved - about the 2d or 3d November we purpose removing to Dublin - he, being quite unequal to the journey to Rockfield where the affection of our dear children would fain have us. Harriet & louisa have found us a house near them the late Mrs Jocelyn's, 16 Fitzwilliam Square (direct there) being old fashioned, & rather shabby in point of furniture, - we have got it on reasonable terms, and I trust it may prove comfortable to my dear husband, who is my first object in this life - Ever since we have been at Kingstown we have had some of the dear Rothwells with us, bathing, under God's blessing, has been of the greatest use to Bessy; and agreed well with all her children who came to us two at a time till all had their turn - I wish your children & Bessy's might have grown up in friendship together, but the Lord has willed it otherwise - Harriet has sent us £ 2 which Miss Bellingham gave her to convey to Mrs Foulis through your name - Your Uncle will not confuse his accounts with it, but let the bill drawn now include it - He will give none of your money to anyone without an order from you or Mr Stewart, so if you want any paid here let him have your directions in black & white.- The Coolmine family complain much of Stafford & Thomas for not writing to them, I fear their sister Catherine is in a very alarming state of health a cold & pleurisy have taken such a hold upom her that the medical men look very grave upon it. The rest of the family are well - So are they at Rockfield, Allenstown & Athboy vicarage - The respective mistresses of the two last names expect each a shoot from the parent tree before Xmas - so does not the lady of Rockfield, for which "God be praised" - now as I am too old & blind for cross writing, I will say adieu when you write tell us all & every thing of your dear self, husband & children - no lack of subjects when your own home contains all I want to hear of - Heaven bless all it contains is your dear Uncles wish as well as that of your ever affectte M. Sutton


By N. York

The Honble

Thomas A Stewart



Upper Canada

1 6

1 10

per first ship

to New York

post paid









OC 17


78-008/2/10 #176

Hatch St Oct 25, 1840

My own dearest Fanny - I had been longing & longing so anxiously for a letter - & was beginning to have foolish uneasiness about you - when to my very great joy & relief came your letter of Sept 2 which I received on the 16th of this month - and heartily delighted a grateful I am dearest to find that you & all your dear family are well - The account you give me is very cheering and so also is that in your letter of the 17th to Rockfield, which Mary Sutton was so kind as to send me. You have been indeed a long time without writing - but knowing how much it cost you to send letters - I thought you were waiting till you could tell me of the arrival of the box - but at last I began to be afraid you were ill - so you may think how great a comfort it is to know that you are well - & all of you; - to know that you received the box - It seems wonderful to think of the number of years we have been sending boxes to you - & that every one has safely reached you. I long to hear now that you have got the little one also - in time to make up the plaid dressed for your little boys - I wish I could have added to either cargo as I should have liked, from myself - but poverty increases, & I begin to think I shall never have any money ever again at my command - so I now do little more than forward to you what others in their abundance can give. But even that source - is something as I am glad even to do that much for my child & that it is a great pleasure to think that I am ministering to your comforts. I shall be very glad to know whether I hit upon the right things to send to you & whether the Stockings are large enough - and also if you want shoes sent out - I have found a very good honest shoemaker & reasonable in prices & if you could give me measures I could get a set of shoes made - to be ready to go out in spring - but you must say how much money you will lay out on them. While about business - I must mention first of all, that with the money sent you just now by your Uncle are two pounds - for Mrs Foulis from Fanny Bellingham - the 2ndly I propose to you in my last letter of Sept 15 that Sutton shd pay £ 10 here to Mrs Lucas - & you keep her ten pound - which I thought a simple method of managing the affair - Mrs Lucas is quite satisfied with whatever way I may settle it; but your uncle declared he could not do that without a special order from you & Tom - & that if you send the order he will pay her in January - will you then be so good as to send it soon - that I may be able to settle it all satisfactorily to all parties. I took a car at last & went to Lucan on Sept 22d & spent a long morning there - for I arrived at Mrs Lucas before 120c- & between my visits to them & your Aunts I staid till past four. I was very glad indeed to make acquaintance with your friend Mrs Flood - & to hear from her so many little particulars about you dear beloved Fanny - & all your family - The most pleasing accounts certainly she did give me of you all - & more particularly, of the happiness - the affection & union of the whole family - all so affectionate & kind to each other - & each so amiable though so different in character. (You see I am as much plagued by my pen as you are - This ink grows like a puddle so thick - I must put some water to it but now it is time to go to prayers - for it is half pst ten) Mrs Flood described you all - & her account of you was better than I had expected from your own account of yourself - By the way - I hope that Master Stafford K. does not forget that he is to replace the likenesses he lost so very provokingly - But to return to Mrs F. she spoke of you & Mr Stewart & the whole family with much affection - & gratitude - particularly of you dear - who did so much for her - She frequently mentioned how kind you had been to her but she never alluded at all to Mr Flood's conduct or the reasons why you had done so much for her - & I liked her the better for her reserve - for though we quickly got very tolerably acquainted, still I was a stranger to her. When she was out of the room Mrs Lucas told me that Mrs F. had had a very artful letter from Mr Flood - she said that he had insinuated horrible things about Mrs F's character - & conduct - but whether in that letter or not, I am not quite clear - for the poor old bothering woman put in so many parentheses, so many apoligies into all she says that besides confusing the scene, she never gets to the end of the thing she originally began - & tho' she was anxious to say all this before her niece came down - yet she spent 2/3 of the time in apoligies about taking my time & gratitude towards you - But the chief part of what she said - & desired me to write to you, - is that - Mrs Lucas is very desirous to have a sort of declaration in regard to Mrs Flood's conduct, drawn up and signed by Mr Stewart & Mr S. Kirkpatrick & any other respectable people whose judgement wd be of any weight - Whether this wd be of any use you & Tom can best tell - but it would at least gratify the poor old lady - She seems rather afraid Mr F. will persuade her to return to live with him - She would I think be a great fool to return to such a savage. As to Mr Wade's opinion of the matter I would not give much for it - and what he says or thinks of you my dear good creature is of little consequence - You know a person like him would of course be all on the other side - as for appearance sake he wd wish whatever his conduct might be to have his wife stay.

Let me know soon what you decide on doing about this declaration or certificate I may call it - You had best send for Mr Stafford K - to talk it over with him - & I think you said there was some other Magistrate who advised Mrs Floods leaving when he turned her out of the house - I wrote as soon as I got your letter to Mrs Flood to tell her of it - & in her answer received yesterday she desired me to tell you that she & the children are well - "I may add happy - the children have not one moment of sickness since our arrival here - tell her also she must write to me - but this I am in hopes she has already done - I fell for Mrs Alex Thorpe - the winds are so unfavourable this time of year - between letters & money & myself, poor Mrs Stewart will have had more trouble than we are all worth - it was strange it should so happen this was the first year any thing had been sent out to me. Do not think about the delay of my Aunt's money - I only consider dear Mrs Stewart who has had so much to do for me, I even think that nervousness on my account brought on an attack of Asthma while I was with her in June. I have been picturing them all to myself sitting out in the shade - particularly Mrs S. & Bessy who was her constant companion. Their climate is certainly very delightful. I hope you may one day breathe the same air with them, tell Mrs S. how faithfully I have endeavoured to plead her cause in behalf of a visit from you to Auburn where you will be sure of meeting kind & warm hearts - Tell Mrs S. I had a letter from my husband dated August 12th - he mentioned the death of Mr McDonnell's child & having seen Mrs Stewart at the time of its being interred" -

That is the end of her message to you - but she tells me that she & your Aunts had been one morning in Town since I was there & they came in so late that they were too much hurried to call here though they had promised me they would - They were so afraid of not being in time for Lucan House dinner. Aunt Jane had come solely to get a pair of shoes - a search which occupied most of their time - & unsuccessfully for she had not got them after all. The day I was at Lucan poor Mrs Lucas gave me an excellent luncheon of cold chicken & cold beef &c. & when I went on to your Aunts they had fruit &c for me so as I could not stuff all in they put apples & pears & nuts into a towel & forced them upom me - to take home - They bring them away in the evenings from the desert at Lucan & often give them to the little school boys - for you know the school for the sons of the Clergy which was at Etown for a few years is now established in the house that was the Spa Hotel at Lucan - & succeeding well - though not as healthy I think as when it was at Etown -

There is another school established there

Octr 31 - I found upon enquiry at the Post office that the Halifax mails go but once a month - & that this would not go till Novr - so I did not finish it as there was no use in its lying in the post office so long before - The last accounts I had of Sutton - which is several days ago - he was tolerably well - it was a remarkably good day for him - but all his evenings are painful & suffering till he takes the Morphine - which as yet still possesses its influence over him - & by that means he sleeps a few hours at the beginning of the night which is a great matter to him - & keeps up his strength. They have taken No 16 at the East side of Fitzwilliam Square a house Mrs John Jocelyn had & wh now belongs to Mrs Bourke. It is a cheerful one with east & west sun- & a bed in the back drawingroom wh is a great convenience - because going up & down is so troublesome & now if he does not like visitors he can easily retire to his own room. They are to come in for good on Tuesday the 3rd - I heard Mary was to be there today, to take up the things - & when it cleared up at 4 o c I went to see her & ask about Sutton - but she had not come - The morning was very bad - completely wet, foggy, & odious till between 3 & 4 when it cleared & I was able to get a little walk on the flags - but now it is raining & blowing as much as ever - at near Six - I am dressed for dinner & am scribbling as hard as I can - because I grow sleepy if I write after dinner - I am afraid I shall not have much time to write tomorrow - for besides being Sunday which is in itself an objection, we expect by the Bristol Steamboat - both Lucy Edgeworth and Jeannie Brabazon. Lucy I believe I told you went to Engd immediately after Frs Honora & their little girls arrived at Etown - not in order to consult Mr King about pains she had in her hands - but to get him to do something to her teeth which were in a bad way. He advised her to go to the Sea - & she went to Fanny Wilson who was at West Cowes in the isle of Wight - she had been for some weeks with her & is very much the better for it - improved in strength & not complaining as much as before of little aches & pains that were coming in the right hand - Jeannie Brabazon has been most of the Summer in Engd with Archdeacon & Mrs Disney. She has twice fixed on days to come back - but two different Saturdays she has put off coming -

Sunday Evg Novr 1 - I am obliged by various causes to write by slow degrees - & I could not finish last night - So now being as yet awake & not being able to go to church I will give you a little touch of my penmanship & tell you first of all that last evening just as I had done tea I had the pleasure of receiving a letter from dear Anna - dated Sept 30th - but the Peterboro date outside was Oct 3 - so that the letter has come in 27 days which is delightfully quick - Pray kiss my dear Anna for me & give her my thanks for her nice affectte letter - I will answer her very soon - but as yet the Halifax packets leave this but once a month - this is what they tell me at the Post office - where I went a few days ago to enquire all about it. I am always delighted to hear from your dear girls - & felt very sorry when the stopping of the packets of letters interrupted my correspondence with them - but the expense was too much I know for you to pay - I was wanting to put into one of my letters a little note to her but I was afraid of asking - I am afraid my troublesome enemy is come sure enough - it came - & I took a little sleep & am now I hope awake for the Evg

Jeannie Brabazon has not arrived today - but Lucy did - just as I was putting the tea in the teapot for breakfast she had a very delightful passage. We left her to lie down when we went to Church at the Asylum. We heard a great character of the poor Dean of St Patricks from Caesar Otway in his sermon - No one was ever more universally & deservedly regretted - he was so charitable - so active - so useful & so mild - You will see a great deal about him in the Evg Mail which I will send tomorrow - I wish I knew whether they will charge more than 2 ½ d for a double letter if it does not go beyond the weight. - I congratulate you dearest on the reduction of the postage - & myself as I shall I trust hear the more frequently from you - & I cannot tell you how anxious I feel - & uneasy, about you when many weeks pass without a letter from you to me or somebody. I wish you would send me a plan of your new House - I am happy to hear that you have begun it - & shall hope to hear all the particulars of the putting it together & erecting it & everything about it from you or one of your girls - but pray send me the plan - & add to it the 2 rooms you have already - & where they are to be connected with the new erection; and I hope you have placed it so as to have a good view of the River &c. as I shall be quite disappointed when I got to you if there is not. There are two or three beautiful creeping plants that if it be possible to get seeds of for you - I will, against the new house & trellis are ready for them - but except by seeds I dont know how it is possible to send them to you - parcels & boxes are so long going to you. I am so happy that the things I sent by guess were just what you all wanted - I hope soon to hear the particulars from yourself - & long to know if the stockings fitted - They were cheap as to price, if they wear well - & if you send over any Commissions this year - it will be wise to get some more if you can spare money for them

I hope my own Tablecloth - wh I dare say you remember of old at Merrion St - fitted your table - I hope to send the rest of them next box in Spring - I want to hear of your getting the 2d box in time

I am very sorry I assure you not to have seen Mr Falkner - And very much disappointed that he did not see more of the Gloucester Place people - but you must know he never gave them his address. When Rosa saw him the day he called he told her he was going to Bath - that when he came back from Bath - he would be at Hempstead - but would call again then & tell her where he was & where to send parcels for him - So she got ready 2 parcels & kept them there for ever so long - till at last thinking he must have left England - I got them over & put them in my box. She liked him & they would all have liked to see more of him - I wished so much to see him

We dined a fortnight ago at Clonskeagh Castle to meet poor dear Catharine Hamilton who has lately come over for a time - to visit all her friends - she spent some weeks with Mrs David [Peter] Thompson in the South - & then came for a very short time to G.T. - from where she went to see different friends - She looks surprisingly well considering the life of anxiety she has had for some years - for Mr Hamilton has you know been more or less deranged this long time - they are now living at Torquay in a very nice little place - & he is sufficiently manageable to be allowed to remain with her - She has a Keeper who acts as Servant - & who has great command over him - Catherine was exceedingly affectionate & kind & glad to see Louisa & me. She told me a great deal about her eldest daughter who is almost grownup now, & a very nice sensible girl with an enquiring mind - fond of Mathematics & Geology a remarkable arithmetician & botanist &c. She had a Tutor who teaches her all those things

Francis & his party have returned to London. They only spent one day here on their way. Rosa was ill all the time she was at Etown but is much better now - Honora - well & seems very happy but anxious - & she is sometimes hurried - The life is very different from her former one. Sophia Palmer & her baby & husband all going on well - Wm & Emma & their family all well - & at last pretty well settled in the place they have taken Pulcarragh House - but much vexed by a new road wh was made directly thro' the prettiest part of the lawn - dividing their orchard - quite spoiling the place. The have been also vexed at Edward not returning this term to Durham College he is idle but clever - I don't know what they will do with him. Poor dumb Francis the most perservering & diligent creature went back to Durham & passed his Examinations very well - he has but 8 months to finish his college course & will then be ready to be employed by an Engineer - but I fear it will be very difficult to obtain employment for him in consequence of his infirmity - Willy is going on well at Brinny wh his father gave up to him - he is a very Zealous good clergyman - John still in the north of Engd - attending post office business. The girls all well - none of them married alas! - all of them well educated & calculated to make excellent wives - but they have no fortune - & indeed have very little opportunity of being known they mix so little with people - I should be sorry they were to marry some poor man inferior in education or in any way unsuited to them - just for the sake of being married, or from the idea that it wd relieve their father & mother from the expenses of clothing & supporting them - it is a plausible reason - but bad in reality - for such a match is sure to entail of the poor Parents they imagine they are relieving the weight & care of all the grand children - besides though I wish young people to marry & be settled comfortably - I think it more important not to be in such a hurry as to marry without a suitable provision - I don't mean grand settlements but sufficient to ensure them from being a burden on their friends - and to enable them to settle themselves tolerably

F E is well Aunt Mary had had a cold but is better - Frs E has returned from Italy and will be a great comfort to her all the winter when they will be a very small family for Maria is going to London in about 3 weeks - After she goes I will do so, & then perhaps come to Etown or else stay here alone - but I hope she will not stay here for besides being solitary which she does not mind - it is more economical for us both to be from home at once - & that I study now - till I get out of debt - which I am sorry to say I am not now

The Lynes are all well & have very good accounts of John who has been in the Pyrenees & is now going to winter in Rome - he is much better & stronger. I have not seen them so bright & cheerful this long time - They drank tea with us on Thursday last - just [ ] with ourselves - & asked much about you & sent love over & over - Kate is going to make a little collection of shells for Anna - which she intends to send her from herself - & will I am sure be glad to sent them Hamiltons are well - Mr H came back quite well from Harrowgate & Buxton - All at Rostrevar still; in their letters desire kindest love to you -

Aunt Sutton I believe wrote to you all the particulars of G Kirkpatricks little living - it was a pity Govt would not let him have Ahoghill where the congregation were so attached to him - It was very crass - however he likes the Craigs very much & McNeil the principal person in the parish is a great friend of him - The Tythes are well paid by these people. Kate is very lazy about writing - how different you are my own dear excellent creature who have a thousand times more to do! - Poor Miss Cath: K is in a bad state of health - & not much hope of her I hear - Poor old Miss Susan Colville is dead - she was in a miserable way for a long time - & suffered much latterly - Her sisters were with her in her last illness - Margt Colville sent me a China vase with a bunch of wax flowers in it as a little memorial of her - it had belonged to her - & wrote me a very pretty note with it

The Bp: of Meath is dead - he has left Miss Alexr his house in Gt George St - furniture Plate &c & 70£ a year - she went through a great deal & was really worn out - she was an excellent daughter. We called last week on Mrs Peebles & Fanny Bellm, & sat some time very pleasantly - all well & Wm going on well at Howth the house he built there on spectulation have been very successful - & he is now enlarging his own - His little brother is going to enter College. I called on Mrs J Stewart since we came to town but she was confined to her room by a cold - I had a note from her since - & I wrote to her after I heard last from you - but it is near one O Clock me eyes are tired & I must go to bed.

Monday - Though the Barr has fallen still lower, it is fair this morning - & not foggy - What a charming summer you have had my dear people - & how very delightful sitting in your woods & reading - Oh, how glad I shall be if ever I am able please God to get to see you - indeed I do hope I may - but it well be long before I shall have been able to lay up any money for such a project - At all events I must try to get my book finished - & sold, wh is the most doubtful point - but I flatter myself Murray will take it - as Bertha has succeeded so well. It is now in the 4th Edition -You ask me about it - but I have not room now to say much about it - There is a young lady - who likes to he told interesting fact of any kind - or anecdote -& who had frequent conversations on some point either Religious or natural history or common history - or any reasonable thing not much known already - any of the facts you collect or observations any of you make may be useful to me -but send them soon - for I intend to write very hard all winter. I want Anna to send me the size of the Mud Turtle she describes. And I beg you to tell me all about the Plaster of Paris wh Mrs Flood tells me was put on your land last year to manure it. For subjects of Religious discussion I have as yet taken the early prophecy of our Lord scattered thro' the old Test. and what that is done. I am going to take all those places in the New Test. when Christ alluded to his own Divinity. I should be extremely oblgd to you if you can suggest any nice subject that has not been much discussed now. Pray answer this

Louisa is pretty well not very, I think she has worked too much at the garden at wh she had been very busy -we have got it dressed up very nicely & contributions of plants from every friend besides buying some - but that is rather too expensive a part of the pleasure - She had taken the garden quite to herself wh is much the best plan - as it is so small, but in a plan can be followed in it - & she lays out the arrangements of it as she fancies - & it interests her even tho' it may tire her - & I am sure pleases her - & as yet every thing has grown wonderfully - far better than they had at poor 31 -Except a few things wh grew you my remember so well. I wish I cd have taken some of them with me - I long to hear from you all your Excitement terminates who is appointed to be Sheriff &c. - Pray tell me how to direct mail now that your district is divided - God grant peace & comfort to you all - I am quite well - Mrs Waller & Maria are soon to be in Dublin with the Suttons - I can say no more but my love & blessing to you all from ever your own loving Moome

Your old friend Dr Singer is now a Senior fellow - Mrs O'Beirne has been in Engd all the summer with the Miss Cosgroves & is now in London. I dont know whether she comes over this winter yet - Poor Mrs Cse is very indifferent & Sneyd very poorly - I don't know how she lives poor soul She is seldom able to write - he writes for her when with her

Are yellow Dogtooth violets plenty with you? - I wish you would save some seed of it for me & any other pretty things. adieu dearest ever your H.B.

did Collier ever send you a little parcel from me containing "Tales of the Rectory"?


packetBy Halifax


Nov 30



Mrs T.A. Stewart


Newcastle District

Upper Canada

paid 1 shilling


NO 2



78-008/2/10 #177

Mare ville December 1840

My own darling [dearest] Fanny

A thousand thanks for your most welcome latter dated the 17 Oct. it is a comfort to think how soon a letter may now arrive from yr country. How Thankful should we be that yrs contains good acts of yr dear household. We heard from Mrs Kirkpatrick, who was here the 1st week in Nov that you had passed this summer in better health than usual which gave us true pleasure. May the Lord long continue to bless you & yours. Your kindness to the poor Brownes will I trust be returned in blessings on your heads - what a sudden termination to poor Williams short life but if the Lord had chosen him for his own All is well now. This time last year we all suffered great anxiety about George Black who returned from France in a brain fever supposed to have been brought on by a stroke of the sun but the Lord graciously restored him to perfect health of Body & Mind & it does not seem to have left any painful impression on his mind & altho we felt deeply afficted at the time how little do we abound in thanks giving & praise! It was just at the same time dear Edward Johnson died - his end was very peachful & happy. he seemed to fell the full meaning of this text wh he repeated constantly, "God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten son that whosever believeth in him might not perish but have everlasting life" he often called Mary to his bedside & said "Oh love just think, God so loved the world" When the Drs offered him Medicine he said "if you choose, but I would rather have my texts" - at another time he said "Jesus is precious, what would death be without a saviour. The blood of Jesus Christ clenseth us from all Sin" & the day he died he made the Governess hold up his hands two or three times while he repeated "into Thine hands I commit my Spirit; Thou hast redeemed me O Lord of truth" - "Sorrow not as those who have no hope" and many other such texts were repeated by him to comfort his Sorrowing widow he often prayed God to bless his "widow children" & took leave of them all some days before he died - Some months before, he could not bear the thought of leaving Mary & her 6 children but latterly he had no fear He told me the Aug. before to thank Mrs Darling for her kindness while he lived with he " She knows what trouble is but I never did for goodness & Love had followed him all My life." - he then told me where to find the Key of the Vault at Derryaghey Church as he said he did not like to tell Mary; he wished for no ostentation at his funeral - he spoke so calmly & cheerfully that it made us all feel quite composed, no one could express any thing but thanksgiving it seemed to be so plainly the effects of Grace in his heart as he had felt so differently in the prospect of death some months before - he wept & said he hoped he would be spared to Mary & the Children as he thought they wd do so badly without him - but when I heard him bid Tommy good bye he said "Well Tommy the Lord bless you" that is all I have to say to you "The Lord bless you" He was such a gay lighthearted youth when you remember him but his health had been declining almost imperceptibly for several years - It is curious that his dear sisters second boy is like him & her eldest like poor Thomas Johnson if you ever saw him - We were greatly pleased with our Visit to Ahoghill this summer The Boys are very nice creatures - so far forward in every way - You have hear by this time that we have not the happiness of having Mr K & yr Sister in Malone nor have we any other Minister yet. They are pleased at having got part of their own old parish & Mr K was the principle person in getting the Church at Craigs built last year so that it is quite a child of his own.

We are much obliged to you for Mentioning the Reids so particularly we feared we had offended them by the last parcel we sent. Give our affect love to them & to your own 10 children as well as to their Papa - Alexr is happy Papa & husband & our dear children are very strong & hearty - the little girl was very delicate last year but this year thank God she is as well as possible & the Boy has never had a days sickness in his happy little existance of 12 months. The Sturrocks, that is my Aunt S. Harriet Read her husband & two Babes are in the act of removing to Belfast all quite well. Aunt Black George & his wife & Son and Helena inhabit Stranmillis - Ellen & Edward Clarke & their son 15 College Sqre Belfast - John Black & his wife still live in Bourdens - Mary Johnson is at Kingstown near her sister Letitia Thompson in Dublin - They met Lidia Mitchell & 3 of her daughters in the Street lately, we had not heard of dear Lidia for a long time & never hear from her - We hear of the Mathiases thro Mrs John Stewart & Mrs Johnson Ellen Mathias or Mrs Wheler had been very ill but is better - Mary Clarke & Kate Bellingham live near Wm at Howth. Wm is doing very well. We never hear from Froods. I believe they are living at James place. The Younghusbands have returned to Ireland Martha and J. Hull bought Wt - Ida near Dromore & Wm Y. lives with them. Mrs Will Younghusband died the same week with E Johnson. he was never! concerned about sending a clergyman to her. Miss Richardson who lives at poor dear Lakefield has given £ 100 towards building our Malone Church - she makes good use of her money & has plenty to spend - Lakefield is kept in nice order but poor Wilmont is crumbling down. The new house Mr Montgomery has built at Ballydrain is very handsome. We sometimes see Mrs Wallace Legg. She seems to be a nice & unaffected little woman. She is delicate at present but I hope there will soon be an Heir to Malone. Mrs Wallace & her daughters Mrs Temple & John Lindsey still live in Cheltenham. Mrs Wallace is a surprising old Lady at her age able to walk in the Garden &c &c I thought her very like my Mother when I last saw her. She & Mrs Younghusband are about 86! My Mother is 66 - She & my Aunt Black often walk into Belfast & enjoy excellent health thank God - Their Grand-children as well as my Aunt Sturrock are great comforts.

I must say fare well my own darling Fanny. Shall we ever see yr dear face & those of your children, If not in this life let us earnestly desire to meet in a better & more glorious state where there will be no more tears

Ever yrs attached M I Wilson

We all send our most loving love to dear Tom - he has our heartfelt wishes and prayers



Mrs Stewart



Upper Canada



2 ½ d



DE 12



DE 13



JAN 27



78-008/2/10 #178

Douro Monday 14th Decr 1840

My dearest Harriet -

I have at last the pleasure of telling you that the little box with the Tarten has arrived after all our fears & frights as to its safety - it has been sadly delayed somewhere for Edward saw it in Montreal at the beginning of October & as he was not returning immediately he desired them to send it on under charge of the public forwarders & expected to have heard of it having arrives here long before he did - but it never came till last Thursday - however it is all safe & dry & in good order & just the thing we wanted & every body likes & admires it & we are up to our chins in work, preparing dresses for all our boys - each of the six are to have little tunics, or coats & trousers - with black belts & blue caps - & Kate is to have a frock & cloak of it too - & Tom says he must have a coat too - but it will look horrid & we all want to prevail on him not - but he seems determined - Well my dear On Wednesday last a rich post came in & brought a long letter from you & another from Catherine, by the new Halifax route. They were dated 3d Nov & we got them 8th Decr so you see that was very nice - They reached Halifax in 14 days - but the tedious part is between that & this.

I am writing with a pen made of those nice quills you sent in the box which are I assure you treasures - but from some cause I can't discover, I cannot write at all decently - The pen looks plausible enough - and the ink is that which you sent me - properly diluted to prevent it from thickening too much but I cannot write you see - so I must try a steel pen - but they cramp my hand however I will write small & close & give you I am afraid a little more trouble to read it - I am glad that you & Mrs Flood have met - & I hope you may often meet for I think the more you see of her the more you will find in her character that is estimable - we only knew her well latterly for poor dear little soul - she was always under such restraint before that we could not half know her best qualities - fear of exposing her brute of a husband, & her own sorrows - made her so extremely reserved that people considered her quite an oddity - but we had the more reason afterwards to admire her for the very reserve & apparent coldness to many who wished to be her friends - Tom thinks it is better not to have that declaration or certificate drawn up which you mentioned Mrs Lucas was desirous of having - He does not think it would so any good for of course Mrs Flood's friends never could or would believe any such fabrication as she thinks he has set afloat - & what matter for the opinion of strangers - however Tom will consult Stafford & Doctor Hutchison, & Mr Sanford who are all her friends & equally acquainted with her & aware of her trials & provocations & if they think it prudent to have such a document written he will have it done - but he thinks it should not be done hastily - as if Mr Flood heard of it it might irritate him afresh - & do more harm than good - Tell Mrs Lucas that if we could see the least good likely to arise from it - we never would hesitate - but we have already done so much - & have been blamed so much for interfering between man & wife that we are cautious of doing more -

Wednesday Dec 16th 12 oclock day - Just as I had got so far on Monday Evening in came Mr Haycock & Frederick - & as Tom had just gone out I was obliged to sit do civilities all evening - & yesterday being a busy day from beginning to end I never could write till now - so here I am & I must return to Mrs Flood - I expect to see Dr Hutchison today & I will speak to him about her - & perhaps have some more to say - if I don't see him I will write again - I don't myself see what use it would be - I don't understand what Mrs Lucas meant - whether it was the stories Mr Flood told here - before Mrs Flood left this, that she alludes to - or whether he has written home stories about her - if she means anything he has said here - no certificate is necessary - for not one person of respectability believe anything he says against her - he is disliked so much - if he has been writing home, it seems to me equally useless to contradict stories which of course his own friends would never believe - & does Mrs Lucas wish to have this certificate sent home to her? - for we don't understand exactly you see - I wrote Mrs Flood a few days ago - but of course did not hint at this at all - as I had the message from Mrs Lucas & not from her - You did not tell me half enough of what she said about us - particularly about Ellen, who was her favourite - & who she used to call "her better judgement bag" - because Ellen used to help her to cut & make up things & arrange & pack up - She had a fancy to have Ellen married to her brother in law Mr William Flood - but she had never expected that for none of us like the name or connection tho Ellen liked Mr F. very well as an acquaintence -

Here again I have been interrupted by two sleigh-loads of visitors Mrs Miss & Mr J. Forbes - Mr Dixie to whom Miss F is going to be married Mrs Thos Lortye - Mrs George Hall - months have passed since we had so many visitors as have come within the last few days - 2 causes have brought them - 1st sleighing has begun & the roads are in tolerable order now & 2nd many friends have called to enquire about poor Edward - who lately met with an accident which alarmed us greatly & might have been very serious, but most providently has turned out not so bad - A gun went off accidently and wounded him - in his shoulder - he bled most profusely - indeed frightfully - so that he was as I thought lifeless when brought home - & for some hours we feared he never could live - but miraculously the Dr says, no vital part was touched - tho' the space was inconceivably small between the wound & a great artery on one side & a muscle on the other which was only grazed but which would have injured the use of his arm - tho still wan & weak & suffering a good deal of pain - but we all have reason to feel thankful that the life of our poor excellent friend has been spared - he is such a useful upright honourable young man - so perfectly free from vice of every kind - & so attached to Tom & indeed to all our family - he has been so long with us & is so very trustworthy - he is quite like one of our family - & is generally supposed by strangers to be my nephew - as his name is the same as mine was - Tom is going to give or rather has given him the promise of 100 acres of land - which he was to have had two years ago - but still Tom has not been able to arrange it - indeed he is so useful I don't know how in the world we shall do without him - but he is now old enough to feel anxious to settle - & I have no doubt he will be one of the most successful settlers here - for he is industrious - & steady - experienced - & is able to do so many different things which will save him laying out money - he is a first rate carpenter as well as farmer & a good enough saddler to be able to make all sorts of harness than he is a shoemaker - which has served him a good deal here - He was to have begun to put the frame for our new building together & got all the boards ready to raise & finish it in spring - but this wound will I fear put an end to that - we get on very slowly as all poor folks must do - Our labourers who come excavating were obliged to stop 'go home & dig potatoes' - & a few days after they returned the frost let in so severely as to end their labours for this season as the ground was as hard as iron -

Thursday 17th Another interruption came - up drove the Kirkpatricks & old Mrs Lortye then came dressing Edward's arm - then up came another cutter - Mr & Mrs Rodger a nice dear little couple - they paid but a short visit - at least only 4 years married - he is the Presbyterian minister at Peterboro - a well educated & exceedingly pleasing person - very mild & quiet - but cheerful & even sunny sometimes & one that all who know must love - Mrs Rodger just what a clergyman's wife should be - she too has had a very good education & is rational & pleasing - as well as conversible & they seem so happy together that it is delightful to be admitted into their little domestic circle - They are bot Scotch & I like their way of speaking too - the Scotch accent is not broad enough to be vulgar - as some have it -

This time 24 years my dear Harriet I was a bride - and driving along the road to Drogheda - it is a long time to look back to - a good proof I have around me - my ten children all drank our health today - & Tom is in better spirits than I have seen him for months - he is enjoying it so much - & indeed though I may have had trials yet I have had unbounded blessings which more than balance them - I have seen a good deal of life here tho so secluded - & the more I see of others the more reason I have to be thankful for domestic peace & happiness - we are indeed a happy & united family & the only thing that ever clouds it is seeing dear Tom castdown by anxiety & care - & this anxiety & care chiefly on my account - so it is his love for me which causes it - he is going tomorrow to Cobourg for a day with Stafford K - to some meeting about Emigration & I think it will do him good - he has been so very little from home of late - I often wonder how be bears the sameness of the life he leads here - passing month without ever leaving home except to church or seeing anyone except when the Haycocks come -

I was near forgetting to tell you about the Plaster of Paris it has been found that sprinkling or dusting Plaster of Paris over plants - or fields - will improve their vegetation - not by enriching the ground but by drawing or causing moisture on the plant - Tom dusted his oats & pease in this way last summer & all the spots where he used it - the luxuriance was visible - also some apple trees - he used the Plaster on one side of some trees & that side was greener & the fruit larger than on the others - there is story told that a gentleman who was bald - was dusting a tree in this way & some of the P of P fell on his head - & made his hair grow - but you may believe it if you can - another story is of a Yankee woman who had a very old worn Broom, & she told her servant to take some Plaster of Paris & dust it on the Broom to make it grow new!! - So much for nonsence. Ellen is going to send you the rest of her journal in the form of a large letter - but at present she is so busy making up the boys clothes she has not a moment - as Papa says they must be ready for church on Sunday - my time is divided between attending Edward - who is still helpless - as his arm is disabled - dressing his arm 3 times a day - writing - & cutting out the work for the girls to do - I am going this evening to walk to drink tea at the Reids -they are just going on as usual - growing old & the young ones growing old too - John is quite grey - & a curious little old bachelor - Mr Z Alkman has been at Toronto & I suppose will soon pay us another visit - I don't think he is quite as cordial with us as he used for we rather discourage poor Henry's advances - I think they wished for a connection- but he has fallen off so much of late years that we could not like it - he is a good young man now - but is stupid & dirty & careless in his habits & persons & seems to have sunk in the esteem of his friends - I find I must now send this to the post & love to all my own dear friends who are kind enough to care about me - to all my own dear & near relatives & to the dear kind Hamiltons Lynes & all - I hope you are - my love to poor Catherine Hamilton & do so too to [Anna] Wade

I have never got any letter from Aunt Sutton about money at all. Oh yes pray ask Uncle Sutton to pay Mrs Flood £ 10 - on our acct. at the Marie Fosberry & the Gerrards, Mrs [ ] Thompsons & all - and now my own dear Moonie Adieu - Ever your own child F S

I wrote to Lou last month - this day month began a letter to you -


By the first Halifax packet

Miss Beaufort

9 Hatch Street


78-008/2/10 #179

[ ] anything but right I admired very much & think him a man of very strong sense - there for I dont think he would allow such things - Our poor dear sister Cathne Kirkpatrick is very ill. I fear in Consumption & I believe her Lungs are affected - however unless the Staffords have heard of this dont say that I said it, for it might go back to Coolmine, & perhaps be thought wrong - Oh I hope I shall very soon hear from some of you about poor Edward, & others too I am greatly interested



Mrs Thos Alexr Stewart

care of Thos A: Stewart



Upper Canada


post marked:


JA 30



JA 31 M



[The crest on the sealing wax is that of the Kirkpatricks; the latter is evidently only the middle third of a letter from Catherine Browne Kirkpatrick]

78-008/2/10 #180

[ ] this winter, only Ellen & I went as some of the children had the measles which prevented Anna from going; we were to return to Mrs Wolseleys to sleep, but it turned out a dreadful night, so we danced till daylight & came to Mrs Wolseley's for breakfast.

We have all had the measles, six of us have just recovered, we have only been out of the house once or twice.

Thank you dear H: for so kindly asking if there is any little thing that I wish for - None of us can ever forget your kindness to us, nor do we require keepsakes to prove your recollection now & I hope you will write me one in return - I never wrote such a long one before - I promise to leave room - So now dearest believe me your sincere & attached friend

Bessie Lydia Stewart

Bessy has written you a long history of her life & adventures - I don't think I ever told you of her visit to Stoney Lake - because she begged me to leave it for her to write to you. They had a great escape & I have great reason to feel thankful, for neither of the lads had much knowledge of managing Canoes & besides they were ignorant of the intricate navigation amongst those rocks & islands - added to which they spent the night in wet clothing & without any covering except branches as they had gone in Summer dresses - without even Shawls - they did not catch the slightest cold which was miraculous. I suppose the Hemlock boughs preserved them from it - as it is a fact that even when they are dripping wet you may sleep on them - without taking cold; there is some virtue in their aromatic which it is said warms the body & preserve from cold. People obliged to sleep out in the woods - even on the snow or in rain - take Hemlock boughs - & cut off the tops which have small stalks & can make a soft & comfortable bed of them - & when without blankets cover them selves with the branches. Hemlock tea is often used when real tea cannot be procured & is a fine thing for colds -

[ ] Today we have been forced to take the rags off & leave the floor bare - in 8 months the whole had gone to nothing but shreds & threads - & our sixpound too - is it not provoking - but we will wait now & not have another till we are in our new house. This day March 1st we are drawing the squared timber for the frame - the Shingles are in the Yard, & paid for too - so far so good. Anna received your fine long letter on Feby 2 & will answer it soon - Ever F SMarch 10

I suppose you have got Bessy's folio which will tell you her adventures - This dear child is improving a good deal. I think you wd love her greatly if you knew her. They have all got over the measles finally & are able to go out as usual, but we had a troublesome business when there was so many ill at once - our accommodations are so bad, & we are so circumscribed in dimensions - My girls have got up their spirits completely - Ellen & Bessy are in wonderful spirits. They have been out at 2 pic nic parties & in the evenings at dances & one evening we had two or three here. Mrs Haycock sent word that she & her daughter were coming to spend the Evg quietly with me - so Anna wished to introduce her friend Jane Ferguson to Helen Haycock - & Ellen went into town with Papa to bring her to tea. At the Post Office they met two beaux Edd Athill & Charles Forbes & Miss Ennis & brought them all for Tea - so we had quite a party all in a moment & by surprise - 2 young Haycock men & our own Browns & Ivan O'Beirne made planty of beaux & they were all as merry as could be - after tea came In Capt B[ ] & his 2 sons. Edd Brown played the fiddle & they all danced. Ellen Reid was here too. At ten o'clock we had Sandwiches Cakes e& - after wh they danced more & sang songs - at ½ past one they all went to their respective homes - & all said it was the pleasantest evg - they had spent this winter - there were 7 young ladies & 9 young Gentlemen - old & young 23

On Sunday last - Tom Edwd bessy & I went to Church at Mr Wolseley's it turned out a miserable day of constant snow - we dined with our kind friends the Wolseleys & drank tea with the Crawfords who live about half way they are from Banbridge - very respectable people - we sat there till past eight & then came home - snowing as hard as ever & the roads so deep & heavy that we cd not go faster than a walk. Bessy & I fell asleep - Every one here distracted about the Election which is to come on next Monday. I feel quite anxious about it all - much fighting is expected & some bloodshed & violence feared - God preserve my dear husband & friends from danger -

Your last letter was a perfect feast it told me so much about all my friends - Oh give my love to them all

Ever your own child F.S

[ ] So you see dear Harriet how happy we are & how happily the summer passed. Mama & I walked after tea if Anna & Ellen could not join us. We drank tea one evening in Mamma's seat, & we carried up the cups and all the things required, and had Raspberries & cream. Papa & Mama were quite surprised when we brought them up to it, to see every thing so nice, the boys made a rough table & some long forms to sit on, & the Reids joined us, & after tea we walked till dark.

We very often have little dances among ourselves & play different games. We are all as happy as we can possibly be, I often wish you were here to join in our plays. I have not known dear Mamma to be so well as she has been both summer & winter, for years; Papa is very well & in good spirits. I often wish we had some pleasant neighbour at the Mill, we missed the Haycocks so much when they went to the Plains, but they have left that & are now living about five miles from this, we see the young men very often. they have hardly got settled yet. I am glad dear Mrs Flood & the children are so well. We missed them very much - particularly little Henrietta. She was my favourite & when I went to my seat I always took her with me. It was a happy thing for Mrs Flood to get away from that abominable man; she is a dear little woman - I have good reason to be fond of her - she always has been particularly kind to me just like a mother. I never can forget her kindness to me when I was staying with her in the woods we used to be together a great deal when they were living in the little cottage here - I often said my lessons to her - & spent the evening with her when Mr F was away amusing himself.

Now I will tell you of an excursion I had up to Stoney Lake with Mrs Wolseley which I think will amuse you so I shall give you a minute detail of the whole day with the Wolseleys. [ ] Papa allowed me to go with Mrs W. to see the Lakes as I had so much about them, so Mr O'Beirne and Robt Browne (who lives here) were to take us up in Canoes. We set off on our voyage one very fine morning about six - & promised Mr W. to return in the evening - Mrs W. Ivan O'Bierne & myself in one canoe, & Robt Brown with our baskets of provisions in a smaller one. About six miles from Mr W's we came to Young's Mills where the water became so rapid that it was necessary to land & walk, & to have the canoes carried past the Mill dam. This delayed us about half an hour. We enjoyed ourselves & admired the scenery very much. No one can form an idea of the beauty of those lakes, till they see them. - at least I could not. Stoney Lake is beyond description but I shall say more by & by about the scenery, when I finish the account of our voyage. About 2 o'clock, it grew very cloudy & threatened a thunderstorm but we went on. At last the rain grew very heavy & we got out of the canoes [ ]

[ ] fate if my poor things. When we left the [ ] plenty of time to come home, & we landed on two or three islands to admire the Lake Y look at the Springs, for we were very thirsty & sometimes we saw water tumbling down the side of a rock and the gentlemen landed to get a drink - but to their great disappointment found it was only rain water running off the rocks; we went on a great way & at last it began to grow dark, & we were all thinking what we should do, for there were sunken rocks which made it exceedingly dangerous to venture on in the dark in our slender canoes, and on the other hand, Mrs Wolseley was anxious to get home as Mr W. was not very well that day & as she was uneasy at staying from home at night, however our fear of some danger overcame any other feeling and we determined to land again. It was nearly dark, we tried to light a fire, but the wood was so wet it would not burn, & out went the fire to our great dismay - however that was not a time to grow low spirited - They brought up the Canoes out of the water, & chopped some boughs of Hemlock - we luckily landed on a very fine rock flat & smooth - & Mrs W. & I spread the branches upon it as they were chopped.

We put one Canoe at our heads & the other at our feet & down we sat to pass the time as well as we could, not to sleep though; we talked & told stories & sang songs till daylight, and every now & then a great Bull frog joined in for the Chorus and you cannot think what a pleasant night we spent after all - we kept up our hearts wonderfully. The next day was so fine it made up for all the rain the day before.

We found out that our watch was nearly 2 hours too slow and that was what had put us all wrong about coming home at Young's. There is nothing very pretty about Clear Lake except Sandy Point, but near the head of it you get a view of Stoney Lake. The immense rocks at a distance just like a town - some of the rocks rise perpendicularly on top [ ]

[written across letter:

Feby 28th - 41]

78-008/2/10 #181

[April 16, 1841]

As the first of the month draws near my dear Sister, I must begin my epistle to you, & who can say I am not regular in writing since I found out I could write without costing you a heap of money - I really did feel heartless about it when I never heard from you - You said some harsh things in your last letter to me, but "its no matter Ma'am" we will let them pass, & not send any more "reproaches" on either side I trust across the Atlantic, only one thing I must say in self defence that I do not "let my mind dwell on these little suspicions of imaginary unkindness from my friends" - I do say (with I trust true thankfulness to Him who watches over me) that I have very few of the Sorrows of human life - Some I have had however, but I never was one who made much moan about any thing, so I pass for being quite exempt - My very great warmth makes me as lively to wrongs as I am to kindness but what ever it is, it comes out at once, & I am no brooder over my friends' faults of misdememours towards me, I assure you - So here is an end of it, all I hope is, that sometime or other both you & your girls will know what I really am, - that I do most truly, & sincerely, & affectionately, love you all in my heart - I have written most regularly every month since December. I was in hopes I should have been able to tell you that our house was begun, but tho' I really do think it will be so; (please God) in a week or two now it is only so far advanced at present as Lime Stone, Sand & Timbers & Bricks being laid down there - The plan I sent you a sketch of in my last, is one that we dont altogether approve - so George has bespoken another & by next month I hope I may send you a sketch of it - I long to see the plan of yours & have begged of Harriet to send it to me or bring it if she comes soon - our poor dear Uncle Sutton is much in the same way he was, before the alarming turn his illness took in Feby. He had an Hiccup for 48 hours last week which frightened them all, & exhausted him greatly but he is in the same state of constant & often most severe pain, but his mind is clear & patience never forsake him - I hear constantly from my dear Aunt - which is a real comfort. I cannot fathom Henriette Kirkpatrick's stand off way to you - Are you sure that she has no cause for it? It seems so ungrateful & capricious of her, to one who was so truly kind as you were to her - At best, it is silly to go on so. I know your neighbours the Rs are no favourites with them, (not indeed with any, according to G. Wolseley's account) could they, or the Wades or any body have been making mischief do you think - If I were in your place I know I would just either speak to Stafford about it or write to her, & tell her that I had observed her altered manner & that she must have some cause for it, & that I begged of her to tell me as I was ignorant of any cause of it." This would be open & above board - This is the very way I acted when a neighbour of mine acted much in a like manner - I took an opportunity of speaking to her about it, & then it came out that a great mischief in the next parish, had repeated something I had said, & not at all in the way I had said it & with many pretty additions, & thus had been almost unknowingly, the cause of separating us, only that I had asked her honestly about it - I then spoke to the other Lady, severely enough certainly, & told her that when ever again she took upon her to repeat my speeches I begged that she would either do so correctly or leave it altogether alone, which wd be much the best way of the two, - Oh its unknown the mischief Gossip & Tattleing do - if I were you too, I would either bring or send the Girls to see her, & show her in every way that you would go even more than ½ way. - You know, that if neither you or the girls ever go to see her, how should she keep going to you - I myself do think that some body has been making mischief between you, or something of that kind.

April 15th Dear Fanny, I could not manage to get this finished before the first of the month, so I have it please God by the Mail of the 19th. Harriet sent me extracts from your Jany letter, in which you mentioned a letter of Decr last being charged double - I did not intend it should & am very very sorry, & I will take care for the future that they shall not be liable to it. We have a weighing Machine for letters here now, which I rather think we had not then - H: sent me the plan of the house you are building, it seems extremely nice indeed only I dont think you should have your bedroom at the North side of the house - We have only got a sketch of the plan of our's from Mr Lanyon, the architect, but such as it is, I will send it to you, & when I get the right one I will draw it for you - There is a most beautiful view down the river towards the South side to which our bedroom will look - there will not be an underground story at all to our's, being that the ground partially rises at the back, & it would be difficult & very expensive to get it sufficiently excavated - The bedroom story on this one will have 2 large bedrooms & 3 small ones & a dressing room or little study over the Hall & 2 servants rooms over the Kitchen - there will be 3 fronts or rather 3 sides without offices to mar the view - It will be about ¼ of an hour walk from our little Church, towards which the north front will look - the West front will face the road, & pretty cultivated peaceful common sort of a view - but the south view is indeed lovely - oh that you & your dear girls & Tom, might see it one of these days - Well, who knows? our dear little friend & governess Miss Garland has left us, & I miss her most terribly indeed both as a Companion, for myself & teacher of the boys - I think we will get a Tutor before long, if we can get a nice person in every sense of the word - This will be a most expensive year to us. We had to pay £ 2220 for the farm of 18 acres - & I am sure our house & little place, offices & all, by the time it is done will cost £ 800 or £ 700 of this we shall have to borrow I am sure, but we must pay it back by installments as fast as we can, by giving ½ the Income of the parish (that will be about yearly) to pay it up so that in this way 5 years or so will I trust see us clear of the World again - I will not

[ ] to put more than this ½ sheet of thin paper over the sheet for fear of your being charged double postage again dear Fanny - That letter that was charged so much have gone as a single letter at this side of the Atlantic as I certainly did not pay double postage here for any letters to you - If I had found it so I never would have sent it to you - God bless & keep you dearest Fanny, I hope I shall very soon hear again from you -

Give a thousand loves to all your flock & to Tom, & ever & ever believe me your fondly attached sister C E K

I dont mention dear Uncle Sutton as I heard my aunt is writing by this Mail

[Addressed:By HalifaxPost paid




Mrs Thos Alexr Stewart



Newcastle District

Upper Canada





AP 16



AP 17



AP 18





AP 18


78-008/2/10 #182

Toronto April 27, 1841

My dear Robert

I am most happy to say that I duly received your welcome epistle a few days ago for which I thank you. I hope you will continue to write to me now and then. I feel much pleasure in hearing from you I assure. I have found out who the person is who so basely scandalised my character but I cannot follow your advice in regard to calling the individual out inasmuch as it happens to be a woman and that no other than Mrs Savage the foul wretch if she begins any of her tricks with me I am [ ] off I am determined I wont stand it and I told Savage so but he tells me not to mind it as his wife is a downright fool or not I am not so humbugged by her that I have made up my mind to the various lies which she has put into circulation I cannot now tell you it would take up all my paper but I will tell you soon when I come down when that will be I cannot exactly say but have patience and wait and I dare say you will see me soon only dont come and cudgel me if you please as I dont understand the art of self defense very well. The Bitch hates me I am sure for reasons best known to herself for I am sure I have done nothing to offend her that I know of but never mind it will soon be over. That is one consolation I know but if she dares to say anything more about me I must take steps to bring her to her senses. If you could only hear I like to come and see you I am sure you would alter your mind about cudgeling me and but you know I am not my own bos so I cannot leave just as I like. I would have been down long ago if I could have left with any kind of decency. I wish you would ask Edward to tell me in his next letter whether he has seen anything about his land yet whether he is fixed upon any particular part or not because I hope he intends commencing in the fall on his own hook I will be able to give him about 10 or 15 pounds if that will be of any use to him and if I find I can manage to give him more of course I will do it but you see I dont get such great wages after all I intend to strike for more in a short time and then I can give Ned much more than I have said - I am glad to hear that Wm Reid has met with a lady that suits him but I am sorry to say that I dont think I can repair his box. It is too far gone and wore out so you [ ] tell him it will take me [ ] to fix it which I cannot afford [ ] away for nothing so he must give his [ ] heart something else. The McCords of [ ] about you and Edward. He would be delighted to see either of you. Mrs Beekman also enquires after you. I go there very often and like her better than any one in Toronto. She is I truly believe my true friend and so is her husband. Old Christie I never see scarcely. I dont like him at all the old Spitfire. I have been removing to a new boarding house this week about ¾ of a mile up Yonge St. a most delightful walk and they are nice people I assure you. I wish I could come and spend a few days with me. I should enjoy it exceedingly but I am afraid it is in vain wishing in this respect but never mind Bob Dear we will as you say enjoy each others company the more when we get together which I hope will be before long when I come down I am going to bring a nice clock with me for Edwards house. I have got it cheap and it will be very useful. I hope Mr Stewarts clock & watch go well and also Neds. Let me know if you please for I like to know that my work turns our well if there is anything you want Robert I wish you would tell me and I will get it for you [ ] Now I suppose I must stop. I will comply with the request of the lady and send a different seal every time I write. We have plenty of all kinds here and I will use them, and now Good bye My Darling I am yours for Ever Templeton Brown


Mr Robert Brown

Care of T.A. Stewart Esq.

Peterborough Douro

post marked:


AP 30


78-008/2/10 #183

Riverlawn - Cootehill

Co Cavan

Aug 13 1841

My Dear Mrs Stewart

You will probably be surprised about the 13 of September by recieving a letter in an unknown hand and apparently from an unknown person viz. the letter I am now writing - Your surprise may be a little, though hardly much diminished when I make you aware of my personal identity.

You probably remember, a long time since, a certain Reverend George Brabazon, quondam Curate of Navan and more quondam still married to a lady who once rejoiced in the Maiden, the very Maiden name of Heyland - If the friction of subsequent Events have not entirely effaced from your recollection the small occurance of five and twenty or nearly 30 years ago, you may still perhaps find there, on minute search, some faint and feeble traces of an Ugly and disagreeable urchin, son of the fore-going George Brabazon who bore the hideous name of Philip - This same urchin has since that time by the lapse of years ripened (I can hardly say improved) into a man; He has duly become, in orderly succession, a Whelp, a Puppy, a Hound, a Manniken, a Collegian, a Graduate AB - ICD as a Deacon, a Priest, a Curate, in due course of Events hitherto so favourably consequent expects to be a Bishop - and now "Ecce Homo"! Here I am writing to my Cousin in Canada, of whom I have one, and but one Vanishing trace in my Memory to wit - that I was deputed by poor Aunt Bess, to make you hold up your head when walking which Charge I generally tried to carry into effect by some whole some, but I believe by no means gentle castigations applied to the back of your neck -

Sic transit - Gloria - excuse Latin; Perhaps Scotch will answer better - "Let bygones by bygones" now for transactions.

Will you excuse my making a request of you, the execution of which will certainly be a source of obligation to me and may probably be a means of invaluable advantage to a person for whom I feel deeply interested.

A young Man, by name, Andrew Higinbotham, left this about four years ago, and went to Canada. He first went to Hamilton and there entered employment, in a Medical Capacity, of a Mr or Doctor Layton, who resided there. He subsequently as I am informed, went to the Village of Brantford, and has purchased I am told the second establishment of his employer, from him which was in that Village. The fact is this - Previously to his departure hence, a matrimonial engagement was entered into with a most amiable young lady, whom I highly esteem - and by whose request I make the following enquiries - trusting to you kindness to answer them, and implicitly confiding to your discretion in so delicate a Matter -

In the course of this Autumn he is expected over here, with the view of carrying the above engagement into effect - and not wishing entirely to depend upon his statement of his Means of supporting my dear friend and parishoner in comfort as his wife, at a distance of 3500 miles from every friend she has - it has occurred to me that it might be perhaps in your power to corroborate or contradict his statement - his assertion is that he is possessed of most extensive practice - has a large Medical Establishment in Brantford and to crown all, has accumulated 3000 Dollars - This in less than 4 years by a Young Man who went out without means seems rather miraculous. It may however be true. We should be very glad to find it so - but as an imposition before marriage in so important a point would not be a favorable augury - I am aware that Brantford is some distance from Peterborough and that a difficulty of coming at the truth may in consequence arise. Even so however I have conjectured that a Medical Man is likely to be known in Canada at a considerable distance, as they are probably not numerous or that there may be a traffic or other Communication between Brantford and Peterboro or that perhaps you may have friends or acquaintance in the former town, of whom you might kindly make the requisite enquiry - There are three especial points on which above all information would be most desirable. Has he or is he generally supposed to have the above account of property? Is he supposed to be at all or at least considerably in debt? And dear Mrs Stewart is he of good and exceptionable Character of course including not only ability, but steadiness morality and general Rectitude? Do you think I might confide a dear friend, and a rather delicate female brought up with all the conveniencies and most of the comforts, (say all) of Life, safely, to his care among the Suns and Snows of Canada.

You may depend upon my never letting it be known that I acquired from you any information with which you may kindly favor or procure for me as an Eight Year Ministry has taught me the valuable lesson of keeping a close mouth - I need not I am sure even offer a hint of the necessity of keeping these enquiries or at least the origin of them, from Mr Higinbotham himself, as it would probably hurt his feelings to suppose that any statement of his required verification and might ultimately upset the entire arrangement - Which if really desirable I should regret for the young lady's sake - I trust My dear Cousin when you consider the responsibility in some degree accepted of by me, in accepting so important a confidence as this, you will excuse the anxiety which has induced me to apply to you and Mr Stewart - and will as far as without inconvenience you can, assist me in the business of Enquiry. Of course as soon as you can I should be most anxious to hear, but would rather delay a little than leave any doubt, as there is not sufficient time for a second communication -

I trust that your own affairs are prospering and that you are happy - I know your preliminary difficulties were very considerable, but hope that the seed and labor there bestowed are now bearing the abundant fruit of content peace and independence,

I met Mr Reid from your neighborhood some years ago in old Merrion St - When I had some idea of becoming a Canadian Settler Myself - (By the way, Very little would bring me there still) I hope he is well and happy; pray commend me to him - and also to your husband and family, though them I have never seen - And believe with Many apologies for the perhaps unreasonable request herein contained,

Your very affectionate Cousin Philip Brabazon


Revd Ph: Brabazon


Co Cavan


Harriet Beaufort is at Edgeworthtown and well

Louisa is at Harrowgate

Wm Beaufort at Glamuire - and well

My family all tolerably well

Doctor Layton would probably give information if he could be reached or could with safety be asked.


Mrs T.A. Stewart




By Halifax

Per ship from Halifax

Post marked:


18 AU 18




AU 15 m



AU 14






[The wax seal is intact black wax oblong with script writing 'Ann']

78-008/2/10 #184

Ahoghill Glebe Oct 12

The time for dispatching my letter for the 1st of this month passed over in some unaccountable way - so I will just have to go by the 19th & now my own Fanny I must thank you or yours of the 25th of August received upon the 4th of Octr by me. Oh that sad wicked man C Wade! We heard the Castrophe from Coolmine about a week before. I wonder how his unfortunate wife can go after him - his example must be bad for his wretched Children - so depraved a being I have seldom heard of as him I think - you know he was said to have run away with his Governess when he was living at Chefstown long ago so the miserable wife has had a heavy handful of him for a long long time - those Wades are a strange seesaw set some of them, unfortunate Mrs Tighe for instance, - What are the Temporalities of the living of Peterboro: as in other words What is the Income of the Clergyman? how is he paid? I was desired to ask you by a Clergyman a neighbour of our's, a Mr Boyes, I dare say Tom knows who he is - he is some relation of Mr Watson's of Brookhill & of the skeltons (Fanny dear do you remember the poor "Skin of a Creature") Well this Mr Boyes is a most well meaning & painstaking Clergyman, but sometimes his zeal gets the better of his knowledge - but he certainly does a great deal of good I believe - If he received an encouraging account he wd apply for Petereboro', for he is very badly off here poor man - He has 5 young little attoms of Children & almost 6th & but £ 80 per An in the wide world to support them - so would you tell me about it when you next write -

You ask dear how we spend our time here. Well, I will tell you, & I am sure I would tell you any thing in the world that you would like to know - In the first place then I must tell you that we have given up for the present the plan of taking other boys to educate but we have got a resident Tutor for our own dear boys, a Mr Ormsby, very highly recommended to us, & as far as I have seen of him I like him very much. We get up generally at ½ 6 - & are dressed about 7 - George then takes Georgy into his Study to hear him say his prayers & give him Scripture Instruction. Alexr is from 7 till 8 with Mr Ormsby in the Dining room which is their schoolroom - at 8 we breakfast, after which we have family prayers & George & I Alexr Georgey & Mr. O. read verse about of a Chap. in the old Testament. (We are in the book of Psalms now) & George explains it afterwards - at 9 Georgy goes to Mr O - & Alexr goes with his Papa, to his Study, & gets his Scripture Instruction for about ½ an hour & then goes into the Schoolroom & he & Georgy remain there until about ½ 11 - Then Mr Ormsby drills them for about ½ an hour, out if fine - in, if wet - At 12 if fine we either drive or walk or the boys & their Papa, or Alexr & Mr Ormsby take a ride - They have from 11 till 3, to do what they like. at 3 they go into school again & remain until 4 when they decamp to dress for dinner - after this business they have to pass inspection by Mr Ormsby, & then they sit in the drawing room with us until dinner at ½ 4 - after dinner the boys go into the drawing room & play at what they like until 6 o'clock (it is now too dark to go out) & at 6 they go again into the Schoolroom & remain until 7, when tea is ready, & the boys have from that, until 9 their bed hour to themselves & generally either make boxes of cards or play chess or German Tactics, or read or not - whatever they like - Now I will mend my pen & tell you what George & I do generally. I am generally dressed at about 7, then, I go & see that all the Windows of the bedrooms are open & beds turned down to air & freshen particularly the Servant room and they have a particular objection to air & cleanliness without good looking after - Sometimes I have to make bread for breakfast such as a fadge or Soda Cake if we happen to run short of bread, then it takes me busy from that till 8 at which time I make breakfast - & while the Tea is drawing I read what ever book I happen to be about - which at present - happens to be "The Life of Wesley" - After breakfast we have family prayers & after that I generally write any letters or notes, order dinner for Parlour & Kitchen, (The Servants dine at 1) & at 12 am ready to drive or walk either of which I think it my duty to do each day - Most of my drives are to Craigs, for I have but few neighbours - Upon these drives we usually leave home about 11 - little Georgy & I on the car, as George mostly rides early & Alexr follows the Car on his little White Pony "Lilly" & rides home with his papa - We bring luncheon in a basket, & eat it in some of our new rooms sitting on the Carpenter's Chests, or whatever we find - We have 5 miles to go from this to Craigs - I often wish we were living as near our new building as you are - there is a great deal doing there now - & every room in the house has either Carpenters, plasterers, or people setting Grates & Chimney pieces Some of the bedrooms have got the 2d Coat of Plastering - Then there are Stucco-men at work at the outside, doing all that thing round the Hall door, & dressing room window with Roma Cement - (I am taking for granted, that you have got the Elevation which I sent in August in a letter to Bessy). Then we have Labourers levelling at the back of the house, where the ground rises & filling up at the front, where the ground falls. Levelling ditches, making drains, filling up drains marking out the Garden, which must be renched &c, above all we shall have to make an Avenue - for which, George is employing some of the Children of his Labourers, in breaking stones by Task work - I was upstairs for the first time in the new house a day or two ago, & I was greatly pleased with the bedroom Story - We have 4 very good bedrooms & 2 small ones upstairs besides the Hydraulic Apartments consisting of the W.C. (saving your favour) & a little room beyond it containing a plunge & shower bath with pipes for hot & cold water, brought from the Kitchen Boiler.

The Pantry is under these appartments, which is an Excressence adjoining the Kitchen, at the back of the Kitchen fireplace - There is a little fireplace in the Bathroom. You ask do I sew much - why no, but I cut out & arrange all the work of the house, & the parlour Servant sews, so does the Housemaid - & when I have a Hurry, I take in a Workwoman by the Month - Now soon, I shall have to get Curtains altered, & dyed, & bed ticks washed, & soaped or neated & filled, & Quilts mended, & curtains of beds mended & repaired, before we move - so I shall have to get a woman in then - I sew coarse things myself or things that dont require any good sight or much nicety - I never was a very neat worker & tho' my sight is not bad yet I cannot see things near me as well as I used to do - but my distant sight is as good as ever thank God - I have had "Ellen Walsingham" & like it greatly ind. Poor dear Uncle Sutton is just in the same state only weaker each week yet they dont seem to see any near prospect of a release - Bessy is to be confined about the end of this month & poor Aunt S. cannot be with her! But she will have Him who is better than Mother or Sister or anyone & who never slumbers or sleeps - Cathne Kirkpatrick has been with her sister Mary, for some time for the benefit of the Sea air but her Cough is now very bad & she is to go back to Coolmine today I believe - Poor Mary drew a sad lot for her - the old man she married has been for the last year quite childish & very irritable tho' I hear he is not at all so to her - but it must be dreadful to have him as he is Well, she did it with her eyes open (marrying him I mean) for no one wished her to sacrifice herself as she did - He is very rich I hear but he made no great settlement on Mary - Dont say anything of this to the Staffs for fear as you say it might go back again God Bless you dearest Sister. Love from all to all from George the boys & all from your ever & ever attached sister CEK


Via Halifax


Mrs Thos Alexr Stewart



Post marked:




OC 16 M



OC 15



OC 14




OC 17


[the seal is red wax with a round stamp of an Irish setter pointing]

78-008/2/10 #185

[to Francis Browne Stewart from Catherine E. Browne Kirkpatrick]

[ ] & give with just the Cold Air off it to them. These 2 cows are kept in a stable & just let out for about ½ an hour - they are curried like horses & kept perfectly clean - get Turnip tops & hay to eat during the day are taken out to drink water or twice a day - Well, these 2 cows at present give me 8 quarts each at a Meal. I churn 3 times a week - Monday - Wednesday & Friday - 2 ½ [ ] crocks each time, from which I generally have 5 lb. of Butter at each Churning - The Milk is just put up for Churning in Crocks as it comes from the Cow - some people you know only churn the Cream, but I with only two cows could not afford this so milk is just Churned - I have a very bad, damp, cold, Dairy here, as ever was - tell me how you manage & how much Milk you have. Oh, & beg of one of the girls to tell me how they make their bread & tea cakes & I wish Georgie or Charley would write to my Georgy & John & Frank to Alexr - when they had an opportunity, but I won't give up your letters, or the girls, for the chits - Was it not too bad of Ivan O'Beirne not to come near one of us! I doubt he is a bit of an O:D:T: which of the girls he is for - & nice kind Ed Brown, I hope one of them are for him - I am sure he would make them very happy - tell me all about every thing dear dear Sister. What made you say all that about your letters being overcharged - I dont think I even said any thing about any of yrs being so - What I might have said that Harriet scolded me for sending a double letter to you once - but if I did it was only charged single here for I always pay to Liverpool - this was all dear - Oh do dear people some one soon write & I trust you will have better news to tell of the health of Auburn - I must draw this long epistle to a conclusion

30th Novr

No account of our poor Uncle so I cannot give you any later news of him - God bless you dearest Fanny ever love fm affect sister CEK


Via Halifax

Post Paid

Mrs Thos Alexr Stewart (Douro)



Novr 30th

P P ½










NO 30






DE 1


(the seal red wax circle with the Kirkpatrick crest)

78-008/2/10 #186

Ahoghill Glebe

Decr 31st 41 -

I had intended to have a long letter going on my dearest Sister, but the household duties belonging to Christmas & tho' I have 3 Servants yet they are very unlicked stupid things, & I have to stand by, & do a great deal myself - or else the things may go anyway at all - then this house is going very much out of order, & it is really very difficult to do any thing well - It will make us enjoy dear Craigs all the more when we go to it - You will probably be moving about the same time with us, or perhaps the long continuation of frost will prevent your plastering being done soon enough - There was hot Lime put in ours or rather I should say the last Coats were used when quite hot which made it dry much quicker

Poor dear Uncle Sutton is still lingering between Life & Death - I had a few lines from my poor dear Aunt yesterday, written in very low spirits, but in a most delightful Spirit - Oh indeed it will be a great release, whenever the Lord sees fit to take him to Glory - Richard Rothwell is with him now, & will bring him to Rockfield whenever all is over - The day before my poor Aunt wrote - the Doctor thought that the end would take place in a few hours, for he could not feel the slightest pulse, for ever so long but to all their astonishment the dear Sutton revived again, & was able to speak again - It is a trial for my aunt! As I hear every day, I shall be able to give you another account before I close this perhaps - 9 o'clock - evening, the only letter I got today was just the same account as yesterdays! Perhaps Harriet will be able to give you later news - I hope my love, that the Colds mentioned in you last letters to Harriet, are well, & that you are all well my dear dear Sister - George & the boys never were so free from colds as this year I think, & George never was so much in the open air in all weathers as now - He also & the boys too, never wear Night-Caps now - & we all sleep with our doors open all night - I trust that attack of the asthma is gone off with you dear Fanny. I was quite disappointed at hearing of a return of it, but please God it was only an attempt at it - Poor Mary Rutherford's husband is in a most melancholy state. He has had 3 paralytic Strokes, & is almost in a state of Lethargy, scarcely taking notice of any thing or any body - When he is taken, there will poor Mary be just where she was before marriage 7 years ago, after having added a great deal of anxiety & care to herself during that time - I have never seen poor Mary since 2 days after she married, she has been quite lost to us, but she is as affectionate & kind I am sure as ever - I have had a very heavy cold, & this added to all I had to do makes me a little bewildered, & even since I began this I have had 150 interruptions -

New year's day- Many many happy returns of the season to you all, my own dear dear people - We have all great cause for thankfulness for the past - & I trust may praise God, & take courage for the future - You once asked me what way I dress generally & what sort of Caps & frills &c I favor - Indeed dear I dress as plainly as possible both from choice & also that I wish now to save in all superfluities until our debt is paid up - I generally wear Cashmere Stuff gowns, just made high. In the mornings I generally wear white muslin Pelisses trimmed with a narrow frill or narrow edging - In the evenings I generally wear the same dress. In winter when we are alone & put on a lighter kind of Cape - My Caps are simplicity itself - I never bought more than 4 Caps since I was married, & for the last 8 years I have made them myself - If I ever could be near Harriet - when she is sending you a Chest I could send you 2 or 3 Caps made up by you as well as me - I never wear flowers which are now so common that even the quietest people wear them but George does not even like to see them on any one he has any say to - I trim my Caps with either blue, pink or pale straw Colour ribbon but with very little of it, just as quiet & simple as possible - Every thing is & about our house partakes of this simplicity - for instance the handles of our new doors at Craigs, & the Knobbs on the Window shutters, are of plain Ebony, not of brass at all. They look very neat & nice indeed - Our present drawing room Window Curtains will when dipped do for the Study at Craigs - the drawing room Carpet here, will just fit the dining parlour there, & it is very good tho in constant use for 5 years - Our present parlour Carpet, is "done" as the Northerners say, & no shame for it, it was an elderly Carpet (Common Kidder minster) when we came here, & we have had it in constant use now for 11 years wanting one month - so if we can, we must get a new Carpet for Craigs drawing room, & if we find it not prudent we will not - The parlour Curtains here were quite old when we came here 11 years ago, but they are surprisingly good, & will do rightly for the new parlour - The Bedrooms will do with alterations in Window & Bedcurtains &c. I have just heard that Mr Ormsby is going into Ballymena & will take this for me so I will stop now my own dear love of a Sister. My cold is not so bad today - God bless you & wish soon & with true & sincere love to dear brother Tom & my dear nieces & nephews ever believe me your fondly attached sister C E K

Remember me to Ed Brown & tell Ivan O'Beirne that he might have strained a point & come to see us -

78-008/2/10 #187

Dear Fanny

It is indeed more than time that I shd take up my pen - I beg you'll pardon this my apparent forgetfulness of you - for believe me, it was not real - both thro' the Spring & Summer yr claims upon my attention & affection, were still present in my mind - but a course of events - joined I must admit - to my own rather procrastinating habits - involve me in the present inconsistency of conduct - then, you referred to it in yr last favr with such gentleness, that I felt much more blameworthy, than had your language bordered on reproach; but the truth is that I flattered myself in the notion of being previleged to lye by a little as I had succeeded in getting Sophia & Jane to come forwd with their plans - This however was a false ground for me to take, and the result has been, what is not very creditable to me as a correspondent - as to my not sending the Manchester Guardian, this arose, be assured, from the impossibillity that I found to dispatch the papers in the time [after publication] proscribed by Law: they reach me irregularly - & I saw that it wd be only throwing them away to send them to a Post Office when past their date - but I may remedy this disappointment a little, by looking thro' a number of them, I still have & selecting such as contain any useful & entertaining articles - make them up in a little packet for Miss Beaufort to forward to you - I shall get one or two little books of Poetry for the gratification of Anna Maria & Ellen - whilst the other members of the Family will I trust yet receive some small memorials - like the present - of their unknown connexion - The anxious & long-protracted subject of Tilly's Costs of our woeful chancery suit I succeeded in getting legally adjusted last July - he gave me on the settlet & getting all the money decreed to us as Legatees - [about £ 750] a Doucher of £ 50 - the possession of which extra sum, affording me the means of gratifying the Girls by making an Excursion to Edinbr - Accordingly we set out on 1st July proceeded via Belfast to Glasgow & on to Leith - where an old friend, a Mercht expected us - here we enjoyed ourselves for four or five days - the Girls delighted with Edinbr & its scenery - when after visiting the Duke of Buccleuch's at Dalkeith & other beautiful places near it - the day being cold & showery - Jane became on the following day very unwell - confined to bed - & under a Physician's care - this however - thro' the goodness of God - did not continue more than a fortnight - it was an attack of billious fever - occasioned - I believe - by over-excitement & making too free with Scotch ale & cheese. This illness so deranged our plans of seeing sights - & spun out our visit so very near the bounds of delicacy, that we set out on our return - having both curiosity & taste but partially gratified - I limited the expence of the jaunt to £ 25 & we had not a shillg left - We crossed the Channel with Mrs Black of Stranmillis & she made mention of your sister to Lydia - She was on her way with Helena B. in the hope of change of air in the Isle of Bute being of service to her - We have determined [please God] in spending the winter months in Dublin with our Daughter Ellen - Mr Bagot has a good house & very large Garden h: Rathminus & as they have no children I may enjoy more time & quiet for reading thro' the winter than sundry occupations here admit of - I wish on Sophia & Jane's acc't - that you could manage as that Miss Beaufort wd unconstrainedly - make an occasional movement to induce the Girls to participate in the advantages wh polished society such as hers certainly affords - Lydia & I could not but feel grateful to you dear Fanny - did you [all feelings of delicacy being consulted] bring this about - on going to Dublin, the first week of Novr as we hope I wd call upon her myself rather short in time as to Post here - so must hurry on - but in my Dublin retirement you have a chance of a more collectively written letter. Blay: is about writing, I hope he'll make ample amends for the deficiencies of this in giving all news - So farewell - To Tom & yourself Lydia sends her hearty love whilst the affecte wishes of all here and for the happiness of those under yr roof tree ever affectn dear Fan Wm. B. Mitchell

[addressed: Via Halifax

Mrs Thos A. Stewart

Auburn Cottage


Upr Canada

Post marked BALTINGLAS

SEPT 2 1843

Peterboro UC

Sept 26 1843]

78-008/2/10 #188

Auburn Octr 5th 1843

My dear Aunt

As Anna has written an Account of her excursion to Harriet I think I must tell you of mine - The Bishop held a confirmation in Peterboro Sep. 7th, and I went to Mr Taylor's to assist my dear friend Mrs T. in the preparation necessary for his Lordships visit. She asked me to accompany her up the Lakes next day, as she was going to Mr Fidler's the Clergyman of Fenelon. I accepted if Papa & Mama allowed - when I came home they did allow me to go & at 10 next morning I went down to join Mrs Taylor. This was on Friday & we expected to return the following Thursday - We left Mud Lake at one oClock very much too late. We sailed off in a small boat at the rate of 7 miles per hour but it was very dangerous to go at such a rate, so we had 4 oar men & went on. We had a heavy shower of rain, which gave us an uncomfortable, chilly damp feel & it was one at night when we got into the Parsonage. A part of the way had been very dangerous, as the wind shifted to a strong head wind, & really the men and oars seemed like play work. The waves rose tremendously high - the boat made scarcely any progress - but there was something in it all. The Moon was beautifully bright except when intercepted by black flying clouds. We had splendid scenery for by the moon light we saw each side of the Lakes distinctly - We were sick & tired when we landed - but the next morning we were quite rested and walked about admiring everything - for nature is in everything so perfect there, man had only to go & live there & enjoy it. There is everything for use and enjoyment, ornament & pleasure.

Oh the bed of petrafactions is beyond description I cannot yet think of them without wishing that I could have carried them all off home with me. I saw some perfect tetrified mushrooms, but I cannot describe the many, many beautiful things of the kind which lie there in a bed of limestone, just opposite Mr Wallaces House. - It is such a beautiful place in its solitary grandeur. - Mrs Taylor & I walked & rode on horseback every day - paying visits to some friends who live there. &c. - Greatly enjoying ourselves though much tired every night, but still a feeling of fearing losing the opportunity of seeing scenes so well worth all we had come through roused us every morning from our slumbers early, & even made us regret when darkness compelled us to come in. However I had twice to give up & go to bed, stooping & removing large pieces of stone &c. - was too much for me. Thursday the day fixed for our going home turned out a dreadfully wet day. It was one continued pour, so we could not stir.

Happily I had put up some scraps of Hexagon quilt I was making & to these we set to work. Mr Taylor drew mathematical patterns for me as he used to see his Mother work & thus we were so busy a set we almost forgot the heavy rain. Mr Fiddlers kindness to us all was very great. Poor man his 2d wife died last Spring. He has three children. The poor man was so anxious for fear we should be uncomfortable that we were sorry for the delay, but we hoped the next day might be better - but next day came and still the downright storm & rain. At Breakfast we looked at each other and said nothing - but tried to make the best of it. Think of Mrs Taylor having left 4 little Boys at home with only Servants! I am sure you can sympathise with her anxiety at being kept away! Well Saturday looked very bad, but did not decidedly rain, so we set off & were on the Water by eight & had just seated ourselves up in our shawls & cloaks, with an awning up we went on for an hour -then the wind sprang up cleared away the clouds & the sun once more cheered us on our way. The wind continued to rise & became very boisterous & the waves dashed over us & wet us through & through. For a time we were amused by watching every 3d wave jump in. Mrs Taylor had her eldest child with her - nine years old - & she began to cry at being completely soaked. When she stood up even her under clothes dripped. I was nearly as bad but we kept up our spirits as well as we could & laughed at everything we could find to laugh at in & admired the Splendid scenery which nothing can exceed the beauty of - We made very slow progress - day was gone & evening fast coming on. We were obliged to get out of the Boat for an hour, to get it through the locks & a beautiful warm sun shone & we walked the whole time, & thus grew warm & dry - When we got into the Boat again we were much more comfortable. Dark night came on & we grew drowsy. We might have been home much sooner but the Boatmen were slow stupid creatures & when spoken to grew sulky, so we could only let them take their own way - At last we were landed & happy we were I can assure. Our clothes felt like poultices so heavy from wet & hot from sitting so long. It was 9 oClock & we were 8 miles from Peterboro. When we got to the Inn we found that the Horse which had been sent up for us, had been turned out to grass as it was so late they had given us up. Here was a long delay catching it by lantern light in a large field. We were very hungry as we only had a little luncheon at 2 oc. thinking we should have been in time home for a nice warm supper. At last Jack was caught & with thankful hearts we all stepped into the waggon, bidding adieu to Mud Lake. We reached Peterboro at eleven, and after some delightful hot tea &c., we bathed our feet & off to our beds & so ended our excursion which after all we enjoyed much. Mrs Taylor has charming spirits & makes the best of everything, which is after all much the happiest way - what we saw was well worth all we went through - You will see by this I am no longer an Invalid & almost free from every pain and ache - petrefactions, shells & plants - Oh it is a wonderful place, everything there so new, so beautiful & to think how many years all this was unseen by any human creature! I had seen it 5 years before but the oftener it is seen the more there is to wonder at & admire. -

78-008/2/10 #189

26 Feb. 1844

Mr dear Beaufort

Mr Chatterton's plan of Paddle Wheel is one of a great many which we have examined, with oblique paddles - floats - some of these have been tried, very similar to Mr Chatterton's, and have not been found to produce any good effect, while its complication & increase [ ] [compound with common wheels] form a specific objection.

The experiments are about the most conclusive I have had to examine and Mr LLoyd who has just examined it with Mr Chatterton and discussed the matter for an hour, agrees with me in thinking that there is nothing about it to justify any expense being incurred in experiments upon it. I have however told Mr Chatterton that is Mr Napier, [who is now building 3 iron vessels for the Admiralty, and also constructing their Engines] will recommend the plan, then their Lordships will be ready to receive his testimony, and to give due to weight to it. But I do not think he will do so.

Yrs faithfully

E W Parry

78-008/2/10 # 190

A strong solution of Salt Peter [ ] well & when the [ ] thing is effected, a piece of this set in life it has given me so much relief that I was [ ] to tell you of it in this letter had not M Wilson by accident mentioned what she did - about a fortnight ago a friend of mine Mrs Sparrow wrote to me from Cheltenham about it & enclosed me some of the papers to try - a little son of hers [a Boy of only 10 years old] is strange to say effected exactly the same way I am - talking of Cheltenham reminds me of poor Eliza Wallace. She is making herself terribly remarkable by a mania. She had lately taken up & plunged with that violent energy she does into everything she undertakes - I am sorry, as all her real friends must be, and among the not good. Little Mrs A Binne [of Newry formerly] who you know. It is a very strange thing & we can have no doubts there is some power in our human frame of imparting some influence to that of another human creature that produces a heavy sleep or trance - if this were all it would be no harm, but it is sufficently [ ] feel but it is carried to such an absurb extreme as to become quite profane for it is affected by many that while in this mesmoric trance the person can tell what is passing many miles off, what people are thinking of etc., etc., in that they become prophetic & work miracles & poor E W & many others I am told believe this [worse that absurb for I consider it sinful] nonsence - you know this was formerly called animal magnetism & it seems mesmeric was the name of the Discoverer & from him it is now called - ask Docr Hutchison & Hay about it. I don't say they can tell you all that is said were I to tell you all dear poor Eliza has told me about it would fill this letter & only provoke you - as it does me.

She has quarreled with me because I could not be of her opinion - well - I hope it has not made its way to Upper Canada - with love to Tom & all the Bairns believe me affally

your A S

March the 18th

P S I believe I forgot to say when speaking of "D'Aubigné's History of the Reformation" that he has as yet only published 3 Vols or parts as he calls them - all this translated & you have [ ]

D'Aubligné promises to finish it on a 4th Part, as soon as it is published here & you shall have it the first opportunity after - Don't forget to give me your opinion of his style - & what you think of women in her social etc., etc.,

[addressed: Mrs Stewart



Upper Canada

via Halifax]

78-008/2/10 #191

Hatch St. April 16, 1844

Dearest Fanny I intend to write a very short letter this time - I am so busy trying to get on with the magnus opus - so first & foremost I tell you that the 2 boxes are gone in the Wm Fisher a fine new vessel into which Mr Jamieson has put them - They are consigned as usual to Messr Jones of Montreal & I am sure I hope they may not be delayed very long for I have worked very hard to send them off that you & dear "Nan" may have all your treasures as soon as you possibly can -

I have got the sketch of Auburn dear Fanny& thank you heartily it is really exceedingly pretty - and has been very greatly admired by all those who have seen it - Miss Wilson brought it with her a few weeks ago - just as I was beginning to despair about it & to fear it was lost - She got some friend to copy it for her. I saw her lately & she told me that Mr Gordon Thomson give a very favourable account of your whole family & says that their manners are so good - & that they are all so nice & so amiable - (I heard also from another quarter that Ed Brown is serving his seven years for Bessy - as Jacob did for Rachel - but I think he is serving twice seven years as I am sure he has completed the first seven long ago) But be that as it may - it is very comforting & delightful dearest child to have such cheerful pleasant accounts of you all - & to hear that you have had little asthma or none, for the last six months - & that are all so happy & so cheerful - & all in such good spirits. And I am glad dear Ellen is rewarded for her fine decision by seeing how much it pleases both you & the dear Papa - Your account of her is altogether very pleasing - Her being so much improved in every way - & in health - is such a comfort - each acing on the other - better health preventing irritation - & a calm mind causing better health - then all reacting one upon the other - and indeed I am sure it is very much for happiness as well, for she never would have been happy - and he has showed such insensitivity that his affection was not very strong. In due time when there has been a god long interval - & that people may not think her light or changeable I hope she may find some amiable man to suit her taste & that of her Papa & you & now with that good wish I will go to bed - as it is twelve.

Your letter of 13th & 15th arrived the day after I began this - I am sorry to say it is too late for the Boxes - for in your letter you expressed a great wish that the box should be sent early this year - so I was very anxious to get it off - & vexed that it now not of by the first of the ships Mr Jamieson recommended to me - it was at Liverpool before Easter - & from Mr Jamieson's last letter I think must have sailed before this.

17th Wedy morng. How time does gallop on! it seems like no time since the 1st - and now here we are beyond the middle of the month already; - My letter of the 1st told you all particulars of the Boxes - I am fearful about the smaller box it is so slight - pray remember all of you, in all your inquiries for them, always to mention 2 Boxes. I have reported a hundred times that I finished the box so soon & for as it happened another week would have answered as well & then I should not have forgotten or omitted the things that to my great shame I did forget - but at any rate I should not have had it open so long as your letter now of yesterday. I am sorry above all things that I did not know sooner that you wanted Blue quill - I will try and send you some - Louisa thinks it will die if sent in a letter - but I will go this morning & ask Nicholls & if he thinks a box of it could go safely I will send it in this.

Perhaps I may hear of some one going who could take that at least - it is so small - I want to send some seed in this also - Primrose seed - so I believe the quill should wait till next letter - as by that time I might hear of some one going to Canada by whom I could send a little gallipot of blue quill - I will try to do the best I can

Give my love to Tom & tell him not to be angry with me about getting money from Aunt Sutton for the Blinds. I had spent all, & more than had been given me by all the contributing friends - and had no more - even my own & as he seemed anxious for the blinds, & that it is certainly the greatest comfort to the eyes to have where the sun is so bright & not as with you - I thought it better not to miss the opportunity by a little backwarding on my part - from the fear of his disapproving of it - Nothing ventured, nothing have! and so I was to have money at any rate from M Sutton for Capt Portlaids book it was as good to get a little more - the book was 24 shillings - & I will tell you about the blinds when I send my particular acct to you - but I cannot continue time for it today I know I shall be so hurried - for it will take some time to write copies & all my accts - & tell you about. I am sorry I mentioned the pain in my leg - for it is quite gone this good while - & it is only when I have walked a great deal that I feel it at all - & I seldom walk too much for Louisa cannot walk a great deal without feeling it very much in her back & we are very often are obliged to take a covered car - when I could walk rightly well - as to a Hackney coach there has not been any in Dublin these six years! Louisa has looked much better of late - & is so - certainly improved on coming to town - I think the change from the dry brousing air of Scarborough to the close damp air of Co. Langford & closeness of Maria's room too - must have disagreed very much with her. We have both escaped all Influenza or any other bad thing - I believe being out in the air, in part of every day have been a great preservative.

We have been very quiet since I wrote last - Passion week had that good effect on people - they are quietly at home On Easter Sunday we went to the morning Service at St Patrick'S which is like a quiet county church at that time of day - & much pleasanter than the Anglican for the Sacrement.

Poor Dr Singer has preached but once these eight months he has suffered so much from gout - I saw him there one day, & he only read the lesson - & never has been able to come since - The gout had got to his knees the last time I heard of him - His elder daughter is in a miserable state - I thought for a long time that she was in a consumption but I learned the other day her head is at times quite wrong - sometimes seems quite sane - but every now & then becomes quite deranged - Dr R Graves has been this long time attending her - I fear it is a hopeless affair - He & Mrs S. were very kind to Louisa at Harrowgate - & I would have tried to drive out to see them when I came back to Town -only they have had so much illness I thought it was no time for a visit from a person they know so little - Their living so far out of town as Mr Anville is a ban to any great intercourse with poor people like me. - I have been every day hoping to manage to get out to Sandymount to see poor Mrs Mathias that I might tell you in this letter of any visit - but I never could - I hear that she is well & quite resigned - indeed Ellen was so ill & suffering for a long time her friends ought to rejoice at her release - Mrs Stewart has had two or three notes from Mrs Mathias since that event. She consented to stay at Mr Wheeler till May - & I believe will go then to live with John Mathias - I hear he getts no business & is in the greatest distress & I heard the other day from a shopkeeper indeed who happened to speak of him that he drank terribly - so no wonder people do not employ him - I fear his wife is not kind to Mrs Mathias

One day last week we had a pleasant visit from Mrs Peebles & Fanny B. who looked very ill porr thing - so as Mrs Waller & Maria now coming to Town I invited them to meet them at Tea on Monday last - Moone also - I persuaded Mrs Peebles to bring both her daughters - for a general one stays at home to take care of the younger children - but her daughter Fanny is a great big girl of 12 - & I begged her to let her take charge of them for the Evg - so she did - I like both her girls very much. They are very sensible & unaffected & pleasing - They have both beautiful eyes but Eliza the eldest had too full a clumsey face - very like hr father & too red a skin. Sara is very fair & pale & very pretty indeed - but as to Mrs Peebles I declare no one would know she was their mother - She looks as young as they do - & much handsomer - I saw the 3 faces all together looking at a drawing - the hair of all in ringlets - parted at the top - & her face & hair looked as fresh & youthful as any of them - tho' she has had such a heap of children. Poor Fanny B. looks ill & was some time ago very ill she says but she has such spirits - & such ardour of mind about the Irish Socy - & Irish Beader and Irish Antiquities, that it helps I believe to support her strength at the time of any exertion - though it I fear will her out - She is a great favourite with Maria Noble - So I hope they were all very happy; Yesterday Aunt Sutton & little Bessy came up in the early coach - & joined Mrs W. & Maria at their lodgings. They never got very good in Leeson St not far down - about 3 minutes walk from this - the only unpleasant part & it is but slight, is that they have to cross the street from this - but they are so well placed they can get to Mrs Blakney without crossing at all - she lives in Fitz Wm Square next door but one to Sacks - & this makes Maria's mind easy about her mother when she goes off to Mrs Blakney's - Bess R. is to have a singing master - but both she & her G. Mamma have brought colds with them.

The Sacks are all well - & as happy as possible now, they have got the St H's with them - they arrived last week & high health. The Sacks are always most kind & affectionate to us all & always about you & so interested about you & fond of you dear Fanny. I read them the history of the wedding - & you would be amused if you knew how often I have read it to different friends - Monday last I read it to Mrs Stewart to whom I had had promised to read it long ago - but she was very poorly for a long time & could not have me - She was greatly delighted with the account & with every particular of dear Anna's happenings - & the description of the house etc., _ & several times she said - "How well Fanny writes! - & how well she educated her daughters - far beyond all the accomplishments that can be acquired in the useful education she has given them - & the taste of literature & improving their minds - Every day makes me think less & less of the value of accomplishments" - I am excessively happy dear Fanny, at Anna's having received such kind leteers from Dr Hay's mother & sisters - it is so happy for her to be received to the family in that way - & to feel that all his friends are well disposed towards her - This is delightful - & the present token is very nice also - & I am sure I wish that my own dear good Anna should be rightfully valued & loved. There is a Scotch lady in Dublin now - a Miss Lamont - not of Perthshire, but of very good family - She is a friend of Anne Lynes & she asked her the other day if she knew the Hays of Perthshire - "Do you mean of Seggieden" & she - "Yes - I know a great deal about them - & I know they are most excellent people - & that Mrs Hay & her daughters live at the prettiest cottage at Killikonkey" - Another thing as pleasing, happened lately _ Mrs D Dolier asked Mr Nairn the minister of the Scottish Church near her - & his wife if they knew the Hays - "Oh yes I have know them for years" said she - "I knew them when children & have often had Tommy on my lap when a child" - These little things all confirm every thing that is pleasing of Dr Hay - I hope the time may come yet - before I am quite old & bothered & doating & blind & deaf - that I may see dear Anna & him here - but I will not waste my moments now building castles - All the guest houses have been altered & I fancy this must go to as earlier hour that it was

Mary Noble came a little while ago - just as we had done breakfast to invite one of us to go to the Sunday school meeting - Louisa was engaged to the garden where she wanted to work before the sun comes to it - & I was better engaged at my Canada letter - so Maria sent her love to you & bid me say she had quite forgotten the mid month mail or she would have written. She was at the Jew meeting yesterday & I heard a great deal of facts - extremely interesting - one was that 3,000 Jews were baptised in the last year - I am sure she will write all to you in some time - I shall send the paper - but I am quite disappointed at your not getting the papers more regularly - Being daily you ought to have heaps of them - I think you should keep an account for a month of what comes & then let me know, the dates of those that have not come - as soon as I have any exact dates to mention & ground my complaint in I will complain to the Postmaster - but I think they are lost in the Halifax or Peterborough Post Office - Do I direct them rightly? I send 5 papers today - & have put Colbourne District on; in hopes of making them more secure - one of them containing the lecture of the Slath - which I was at last week - some of which is very interesting - more so probably, in reading, than listening to, for Mr Ball is not a good lecturer by any means -

We expect Maria E. here about the 26th on her way home - We thought she was to go by Belfast & Armagh & that we should not have her here - however that plan is altered which I am very glad of, as now we shall have one day at least of her - & it will be very pleasant to hear some of the heaps of London things she will have to tell - when she has been at home one week her mother is to set out on her excursion - Pakenham will meet her at Liverpool & take her out of the Packet & escort her to London - I cannot possibly be ready to go with her to London as I once foolishly flattered my self - & indeed I think it better not for they will all be so happy to have her it will be quite enough.

Poor Mr Vansittart I pity her much & the other young widow also - I think you mentioned Mrs V. once before. But you had not mentioned Judge McKeyes before. It is pleasant to know you have nice friendly people near you - but I wish they were a little more literary it is such an advantage to young people - boys particularly to hear such conversation - it rouses and awakens their minds - & makes them love school better because they know that is the first step to literare of all kinds; and it is most happy for a young man to have the habit of reading - & not just spend his life like one of his oxen between tilling the ground eating & sleeping - I am very glad to hear dear Anna's first entertainment went off so well - her plan is very good I think to have a few sociably now & then - & never a great many. But what a rake you were! to stay up till 4 o'clock for the young people from Mrs Hall's What did they do to amuse themselves all the Evening - did they dance?

I heard that Mrs Hall was not to go to parties at all - But to live very quietly - I am glad young girls were at it - & she is well enough to have many - and I am very happy that Anna has been visited by the best Society - & so she ought.

By the way I thought Kate had sent her the book she wished for & I found out too late that she had not - but Mrs Stewart has sent her something about Woman by a Mrs Sandford - perhaps that is it - when the others are married you will be quite at a loss for the excitement all they cause you - but then you will have to marry Willy by that time - Poor little Kate I am very little acquainted with yet - I am sorry she does not have Dolly - but I hope she can work & read well - I sent her a little book - & wish Id sent more -

Is Mrs Traill a Cat. or a Prot. Everyone says Agnes S. is a Cat. but I do not believe it - as Mrs Traill - I am sorry Anna has lost her as a near neighbour - Do you know some little suspicians have come into my heard about a certain young gentleman who has got a nice new Loghouse - but that is all I'll say now - I think each of your daughters might have two or three husbands if it was but allowable.

My dear Fanny - I do not at all like your present method of dealing with Mr Hall - it will just end as formerly with Mr Bethune - Give my love to Tom & tell him it is too much confidence to repose in a person of that sort - he lets him get hold of all his money & charge of course the very highest price of all the goods he supplied - Every one of your friends & Tom's - will remonstrate about it - He is entirely in the minds of other people whose interest it is to get all they can from him - & keep him always in debt - & always in their power -

I am sorry the box was gone so could not direct it as you & Tom desired - nor send one or two little things you mentioned - I cannot write to any of my dear girls now - I am so hurried & this so late - All well at E town & at po[ ] Curra & Armagh & London

Sophy P. as well as possible out airing & Baby fine - I heard from C S E that he was writing to you.

Thank God dearest that you are all so well & happy - I do with all my heart May Heaven help you well in mind & body & soul prays your ever loving prosy Moonee

April 17 one P M

[addressed: by Liverpool

Mrs T. A. Stewart



Colbourne District


by Halifax]

78-008/2/10 #192

My dear AnnyOun, my dear Crick Crack Cow - my dear friend who preserves to almost grandmotherhood the warm feelings of girlish days, most heartily do Mrs Edgeworth & I thank you for your very kind note - the direction of which was recognized immediately - a letter which you wrote to me some years ago has been preserved carefully - more than one family has been interested by hearing well described account of your own family mode of life - Unhappy circumstances then kept me silent - Now I write at my wife's special request not without my own warm participation in the wish to thank your remembrance & to preserve it. We are much delighted with the marriage of your eldest child & hope that fate will continue to bless the new married pair. You have heard that my Mrs Edgeworth has a decided spine complaint - a very large projection of the back bone - a surgeon from London is now attending her - he comes from London twice a week & has made her quit her bed to which violent pain obliged her to confine herself to be flat on her stomach on a sloping couch & he says it does her good - but she does not say so - & he thinks the projection less but I don't think so - However she is able to have her bed made, & that is a comfort - but her strength is very bad indeed, & you know when the kitchen is out of order the whole house suffers - However she still takes pleasure in reading to herself & hearing me read to her & her mind is so active as ever - Poor Mr King [my brother-in-law] from want of health & want of management has been obliged to give up house-keeping & dear sister Emmalina has very kindly sent me my dear Charlotte's drawings, & these it is a pleasure to look over & with these you are associated - Mrs E is much interested about your housekeeping she is still striving to be a prime housekeeper herself - but there is always some draw back - We have no helper like your eldest - or any one of your flock - Your friend Harriet Beaufort continues our constant correspondence, most kindly for she receives no answer from Mrs E - to whom writing is almost impossible - Pray tell us how near you are to Lake Ontario - we find Cobourg on Captn Beaufort's map, but no Peterborough & we cannot locate you exactly - Harriette would be very much obliged to you if you will give her any hint in housekeeping - any discovery you have made - I suppose you have not read Martin Chuzzlewit yet - You have never seen I hope such American misery as he describes - Adieu my dear friend with every kind wish I remain

Yrs Affn

Chs Sneyd Edgworth

Worton Hall

Isworth London

17 April 1844

78-008/2/10 #193

Hatch St August 14 1844

Though past midnight I am determined to make a beginning of my letter dearest dear Fanny - and just tell you that I am quite happy & delighted to hear that the boxes have arrived safely - & that you & all concerned like the contents - I am vexed at any damp having got in - & wonder how it could but I suppose it was put in some wet stores - or in the hold of the ship - however it is a great comfort nothing was spoiled I am very glad the shoes fit so well - I am sure I wish I had money enough to send greater plenty of those useful articles. I am disappointed that you had any doubts from whom the things were sent - for I wrote on each little parcel I assure you - & moreover mentioned in some letter too - & told you I think how I was obliged to take some of Mrs Stewart's things out of her parcel it was so large - but hope she will never discover it

I hope no damp had got into the Tin box & its contents & I want to know if the black stock was preserved from damp by the old silk I put it in - I got it after the Tin was sawdered unfortunately but was in hopes my little bag wd preserve it - so tell me - I must go to bed so good night my own dearly loved -

15th Bon jour ma plus chère enfant - It is exactly 6 by the clock which is too fast a little - & having read a little portion of Sacred reading which you know is always my first business I have determined to forsake my present child, to write to my own dear & beloved oldest child. Indeed my present young lady is of a very different disposition from you I must acknowledge so no one can say she is drawn for you. Her temper & ways are more like my own - but then she sings!! There is a lady in the book who tells her little bits of her story or life, (to speak more distinctly) she is married to an officer & is sent to Canada - a long time ago - & her sister who goes to visit her marries & remains there - the Officer's wife returns home - & some of the little curious circumstances that my 3 granddaughters have, and your own self have so good as to write to me from time to time - I am just now doing that part of it - & there will still be time for anything else you are so good as to scribble to me - I see advertised the Naturalists Journal for Canada - but have bot seen it - & prefer giving only from your authority, if possible - I had put much of what you told me in the Tale while I told you of some few years ago - but never was published so I think of taking out those parts and introducing them here - Such as shifts & substitutes to wh new settlers in the woods are forced - bits of chips used for Plates, fir branches for bed - Shoots of fir for Tea - & various little things you gave me - a storm - a fog on the Lake - cabin etc - I will not say any thing in the world that can be applied to you - If you have any new & curious things for me to send it soon - & now I will tell you my present plan - but whether I shall be able to execute it Heaven only knows - Louisa & I mean to stay here at present - living as economically as possible - for I never was so poor - till I can bring my book to an end - Then revising and copying out much of it will take time - & indeed I must work very hard for this is now the middle of August - & much time has been wasted as well as money, by visits we have been obliged to pay -

Francis Honora & girls have pretty nearly determined on coming to N: Wales to Abergaly for some weeks and my object is to join them there before they leave it & travel with them to London where I think I shall stay the early part of the winter - while I read to them my book & correct it - & if please God I can sell it I shall be more happy than I can express - But as I am very doubtful of it being taken notwithstanding Britten having sold so wide - I do not speak of it to any one - And I beg you will say not a word of it or my plan about it, to Mrs Traill - as things come around so oddly - & some times inconveniently - Oh! my dearest I shall be so happy if it succeeds - if I get a good sum for it - and am able to pay some debts

But I have said enough about that business & now I will tell you our little history; I wrote to you from Green Hills by the mid month mail of July which I dare say you have received by this time - & when I returned I was so hurried I begged Maria Noble who is always most obliging & kind to write instead of me - or I could not bear the thought of your being disappointed my own dearest of a letter from some of us. We were at Green Hill one fortnight exactly - it did not cost much - yet still it was not worth while, for so short a visit & was between Ivnney - gifts to servants & board wages at home - moew expense than if living quietly at home -

However it was the only time they could have us for a length of time, as Mrs Smyth was to go to Anne Bond the week after & Mr Danin was going to make some alterations in the house - The day we left them the 24th - Another set of company was to come - & on the 26th they were to have a grand Bazaar for the benefit of the branches in that Co. of the Deaf & of the Protestant Orphan Socy. The Bazaar turned out very well for they cleared £ 2 - 10 - Before I wrote to you we had come company dinner - The last week there was no company - Every night we played Pope Joan to amuse the boys & Keep Mr Cavendish awake Every morning we drove or walked - & always visited the garden where we stuffed ourselves with cherries gooseberries & currants - We went one day (neither Mrs Smyth nor Kitty) to Croghan Hill, drove as near it as we could - & then walked up - and it was quite astonishing to see how active Mr Cavendish was & how well he scrambled up - When at the top - the haize near so great we could see very little of distant view - I ought to have seen Anna more but could not - If you look for Edenberry in the map - you may suppose Green Hill just a very few miles to the west of that - 4 I believe - & looking directly south to the very borders of that arm of the King's Co. - on the border of Queen's Co. is a little lake called Lough Anna - besides which is Annamore - After we had tried to look with a telescope which the wind prevented us from holding steady - we sat down on the side of the hill & ate a very hearty luncheon of sandwiches currants & gooseberries - & then drove home again - Do you remember Croghan Hill & the Sluice bloom mountains - We used to see both from the Dining room at E town - & Croghan from Allentown - in the front - looking directly over the Deer Park - I believe I told you of our drive to a place called [ ] where Mr Bor lives who lately married a very pretty nice young woman a Miss Hopkins - grand daughter of old Wm Hopkins who you may remember at Charlesfort ages ago. This man is very rich & has a great place - extensive woods & fields - which may be made very fine place indeed - they were not at home when we called - He is very old looking - & speaks very oddly - & every one is sorry she married him - however she looks very happy - [ ] call the name Bur - in that country - I should be disposed to call him bore I think - on the 24th Bessy send Lou & me to the Boat which comes within 3 mile of Green Hill & the carriage was to wait for others coming down - It was a very hot day though every window in the boat was open - it was very hot & very disagreeable & very crowded - & right glad we were to find ourselves at home at six o'clock. The Cavendishes went home the same day - and unfortunately took it into their heads to invite us to go to them last week - & as we could not invent very true excuses; & that they would have thought us very odd - & as we had refused twice before, we judged it better to go - but it is an expensive visit to pay for we were obliged to have a Job carriage from Nark - both to go & return - besides all the doles to all the servants - We went there on Monday 5th & returned on Tuesday the 8th. The weather very good - one day quite wet - However we either walked or drove our every tolerable day - There was an immense flood in the river - after the rain - but it was too muddy - I never yet have been able to see a Salmon leap though I have often watched for it. Do you remember our walking along the opposite side to it one day from the cottage your Aunts then lived in - The bank was quite open & sunny & the trees young, now they are quite overgrown & so thick that you can see nothing till you get quite to the water edge - the seats & walks & grottos are all out of order & look quite ruinous - broken walls & bad paths - & the paths so filthy (as if all the children share those particular paths) that when we walked there the other day with Mr C: we were in danger every minute of treading in some horrid thing - It is I believe 33 years since that day we went from your Aunts.

One morning Kitty took me to see your Aunts - poor Aunt Rachel seems very ill & very low - The pain across her back from hip to hip seemed worse - & whenever she moves is very troublesome - yet she still goes every day to dine at Lucan House, crawling very slowly & sitting down every seat by the way - She says her spirits sink so much when she stays at home that she wd rather undergo the fatigue & that she has been doing this every day for 40 years - it would grieve her to give it up - Her face is worse & the disease seems to be going to her eyes - which looks read & weak - Indeed she is a very pitable poor creature - Dr Jackson is gone to Engd for 2 months - but he desired her to try warm baths - She is to be in town some day this week, for a few days at Mrs Clinck's - & will try the effect then - I was trying to persuade her to consult a surgeon - It wd have been kind to invite her here - but dear Fanny it was impossible - both on account of my time - every moment now is precious to me - and money - at this moment I have not a penny - & shall be obliged to send this without paying for it wh vexes me - but literally I have not a shilling! a pauper very nearly - Besides the stepstairs up to the spare room wh have been terrible on her back. Aunt Jane waited to dress herself, so she only came down when we were at the door going away -she looks well but old - & goes on about her pets as [moody] - I must go dress for breakfast -

And now 12 o'clock, time I come again to my dear Fanny - to write a little more even though I steal from my particular writing time - but the 18th being on Sunday I am afraid to delay - & must sent this tomorrow to the post I think - I have just sent a note to Mrs Clinck's to enquire if Aunt Rachel is come to town - & I have sent off some notes to Servants that I may speak to them for Lucy who wants several - & I have read the newspaper - We do not keep it now - so I have none to send you which I am sorry for - but I am trying to save now - & indeed there is very little interesting in the Papers now - & very often I never look at them. To continue my history - from your Aunts we visited Mrs Vesey's cottage which has a green house & garden attached to it - both of them in high beauty - The gardens look very gay & pretty - it has such large beds of each different flower & plant so that you see a mass of each colour - & they are very showy

People might have a much greater variety of flowers - particularly to blossom at this season when Roses & early flowers are gone, but they run on a few that are the fashion & request the beds of them over & over again - We called on Mrs Vesy & Miss Colthurst but they were not at home - & afterwards we visited the clergyman's wife & her sister - he is a son of old Dr Stewart the clergyman - & is married to a Miss Harriot - She & her sister are both so disabled that they are always lying on sofas - & only they look very cheerful & resigned it would be very sad to see the poor sisters always lying - Mrs Stewart drives out tomorrow - but the other never does. There was company to dinner one day at Mr Cavendish's - but only that Mrs Stewart - & Miss Colthurst & her brother Charley who has just got into the army, having earned his commission at Sandhurst - he is very handsome if she were not so fat & so terribly pushed up - the fat lumps literally come up to the collar bones - She has a very pretty nose & sweet mouth - pretty eyes & fair bright complexion - She goes out a good deal & her Grandma likes she should. She is perfectly unaffected & very pleasing - & has a good deal of conversation & liked by all I saw of her - besides, she enquired about you & about Mrs Hay with much interest - I hear she is very steady - & like a mother to her brothers. Sir George is engaged to be married to his cousin Miss Jeffrey who is very handsome & engaging I hear - but is some years older than him. - Another day Mr C: took us to woodlands where Luke White used to live - I think long ago you were with us one day that we drove there with Lucy & Mrs E - but the place is much altered & improved - & Mrs White has made fine gardens & there are 3 windows at the end of Dr S. room - & each is one entire pane from top to bottom - it is beautiful it is so clear - At the outside a great portion is fenced off from the lawn by a low wall on top of wh are vases at regular distances - and geraniums or other plants in every vase - Roses against the wall - beds of every shape about among the grass which is kept very smoothly shaven - large baskets here & there filled with Geraniums or Hydrangeas & the whole extending at each side far beyond the end of the house - then we walked about the grounds & went to a spot where there is a very pretty view of the Liffey & of Lucan - When we left the house we came away by a different approach - through a very pretty Glen - with a great variety in it - but part of it very dangerous in the dark or with wicked unmanageable horses.

Lest I should forget I will tell you now that I have written to Mr O'Beirne about sending the money to Ivan - but I don't know how to send it - & I wish you would tell me directly for I forgot to ask you before - if it goes with money it will go into the Gulf of Stafford K: who seems to swallow up all - If I send it to Stafford for Ivan - will he mind about it as they quarrelled - If I get a separate letter of credit for Ivan I know not how best to direct it - I suppose to your care - I am afraid it will make a great delay - if I wait to hear from you - yet I don't know what to do - I wish I had asked you sooner -

There has been a great Cattle Show in Dublin & all the gentlemen in the world of Ireland & many from Engd Have been in Town at it.

If James had called I would have gone with him to walk around - as many ladies did - but the wretch never came - it is in the field that we see from the back of the house - between this & Harcourt St. - exactly where the Cobourg gardens once were - wooden sheds all round - & here & there & Margues besides - We have seen crowds there every day - & have heard perpetual lowing of cattle - & baaing of sheep - A Band playing all the time - the first day very heavy showers - yesterday very fine - Several Nobility -Dublin quite full for this week & all the gentlemen I suppose as happy & busy as possible. Were you not surprised at old Mr Palmer's marrying again - he is only 67 to be sure but I had always thought Willy so completely his object in whom he was so wrapt up that I had no idea he wd ever marry.

I believe they are to live all together - which will be a trial to Sophia I think - having so long ruled in the house & enjoyed so much happiness living as they did -

Now I suppose she will be free from all the house keeping & managing cares - wh is a comfort on the other hand. Louisa & I went to see Mrs P. yesterday - for they are now at his house in Harcourt st. She is very small & squeezy faced - looks more like 40 - but has very nice hair - it is brown - no cap - only a little quilled border tied like a cap with a knot of white ribbon, no cawl - a gown of coquelicot & white striped [bange] & long sash of the same - & a very slight little Houd & covering her neck - a very long necklace of Ivory beads that hung to her belt - broach of Ivory - a little bit of green ribbon round her neck fastened in front with a small Ivory heart at her throat - & the ends with a little Ivory pin. She looked rather odd - seems civil & wish to please - & I hear all his friends who have yet seen, like her very much - She looks gentle & good tempered.

I heard yesterday from Bill Ham: - who has not been strong all the summer but is much better since he consulted Sir Philip Crompton - his back was very weak - he has ordered him to have it spunged first with very hot water & then a can of cold water thrown on it - & then to be very well rubbed for some time - he takes a bitter medicine too - says he feels a different person.

They are all very happy at C[ ] & all well; they desire me to give you their kindest love -& indeed they are truly interested about you.

I was interupted by a [parcel] of maids - I am hunting for maids for Lucy who wants a heap of servants - a great bother - I am very glad you like the Tinc - wh Bessy R sent you & the Cup - I think you had better make up the Tinc at home with Bessy [ ] I dare say she will succeed very well - those inferior dress makers such as you have probably - never make to fit & they waste the material terribly - [ ] breadths in a gown now - some have 9 - one use of 7 - is that it fades equally & when it wants repair you can take out one. I forget whether I sent a belt - if not you must have it made with a short peak - Louisa sent Anna the pretty striped muslin - I sent her the sprigged one made & the Green Handf I believe - I forget now as the collars but when I write next will tell - she may thank every one I believe - Louisa sent some to the girls I think - & there were some new that I got I believe for you all to divide & arrange as you chose - Mrs James Lyne & her 3 children are near Kingstown all well none poor people. Poor Octavia Fromen has been very ill these 2 months of Rheumatic fever - they feared it getting into her heart - but the last acct was better -

I have not any more to say I believe - Tell me what has become of Col. Brown & family

I suppose you will write to Honora yourself to tell her of the safe arrival of the things she & Frs sent - carpet - 2 quilts - Looking Glass - lining calico that never fades - your fur cuffs & the Maps which last are you know all finished & corrected by Frs. The Dark Muslin was sent by mrs Waller. They are very fashionable.

The blue & scarfs were mine, the former very comfortable - The prettiest of the old muslins I am afraid will only do for Katy - I am glad Bessy can wear the other at all.

I am delighted the stockings handfs shoes all to rule - I got the note safely that you enclosed to Sneyd.

Mrs E is in a miserable state of suffering from her back - & other diseases besides - but thank God still lives on - her death would probably make a sad change in Francis' propects - for C S E wd marry again I am sure. There were many who would not mind a little touch of insanity.

I am so glad you think the carpet pretty - it was Louisa who chose it for us - pray cover the room & make it comfortable - When you make up the curtains (they were sent by the Rothwells last year) line them with the yellow thing -

Kate K. sent me one pound to lay out a keep sake for Anna - so I chose a seal ring - as Kate did not like a hairbrush.

I wanted to have a Shamrock along with the Thistle but it wd have cost more than the money -

I forgot to tell you the day we went to Leixlip we paid a long visit at Coolmine - all at home & very friendly - we saw the Giraffe too - it moved its neck gracefully & put it in different attitudes on purpose to be admired -

I am very glad dear Johnny has left that horrid store - no profit can make amends for the evils of bad company - If he goes to a store again - pray let it be one where soft goods are sold - & not grocery & wiskey - it is just the ruin of young men - & less gentlemenlike than any other - I will enquire about the book & mr Hunt - When you write to Honora mention it to her yourself - & his No for Regent St is endless Dear Anna - I hope she may get thro' the affair well & be a very happy mamma - but not have 8 sons like the young lady in H -

I am very sorry indeed for the loss of the little mare - a very serious loss to a physician who must go about so much. F E & Pakenham arrive on Friday the 2d in a storm at 6 p m & went on next day to [ ] - on the Wedy after home to Etown taking Maria with them - She is quite pale & as gay as possible & working so nicely - fancy works

As to selling land at a disadvantage - in order to pay G.K. it would be a sad pity - & as you pay him interest - I can not see how it is such a loss to him - but you know Kate is so fussy about every thing that it makes her sometimes foolish. It is a pity they do not send up Alexr to oust his friends - he is very reserved & shy I hear -

All well at Poula Curra - Charlotte only at Home - Edward going to be employed by Sir John McNeil in the Cashel Railway. Mary Anne in London, Emma at Florence. Fanny & Louisa on a visit

Pakenham is gone to the Continent for 2 months - I believe I told you of the death of poor Anna Lyne's grandson - The only boy & a very fine one - Mrs C. Lyne poor thing bears it with much submission - but it has been a sad blow to them all. They all of Mont St & Mrs C. Lyne gone to a place near Newtown Mt K wh I had [ ] them


By Liverpool

Mrs T.A. Stewart



Colbourne District

Aug 16 Canada

By Halifax]

[Vol. 4]

78-008/2/10 #194

Albion April 9 1845

My very dear Fanny

I can hardly tell how my mind with one thing or other has been excercised - & yet I must say wonderfully supported - I would have given much to have had you or dear Ellen beside me - strangers altho kind - we could not expect much from them because we could not let them know how we were exactly situated they know we were much tried with poor game but that was all - he is not like the same person since his return - he is now interested about our concern & is trying to get his debts collected & when he has nothing to do he goes out to chop. He is improving I think every day - The Doctor who we at first employed told me it would be some months before he recovered - I trust our good Lord whose child he is will completely recover him - poor Annie & I did not well know what to do - When we were so suddenly left alone & not knowing where our poor wanderer was gone to - It came so suddenly Samuel has been at expense in various ways altho' he does not complain & has gone security to Mr Hull for our goods & his owing poor James - almost ever since my return indeed I may say all last summer James paid very little attention to business when I would speak to him about this he would say I was too worldly minded after the cuttin down of the poles it put us into great confusion - we were obliged to have a constable in the House until we got word to Samuel not that James was any way rude or violent - for he did not know that he was a free man & requested to have his Axe which was given to him & he told them he had done his duty & would do no more until We asked him - Since that he was getting better until the afair of the dog & cat I would have written to you all this at the commencement but dear Anne thought if he recovered which we hoped he would soon begged of me not to say any thing about it - Samuel goes next week to New York & James is going to stay in his place for a week until his return - They have removed to a very comfortable place - if they were wise they would lay by something for old age - Anne had excelled herself in our store & we have lived & do live comfortably I advise her to lay by the profits for herself you will by what we write know we are mercifully dealt with on this head - but we could never have reconciled it to our feeling to have removed to your house when he was so unsettled & we could not think of leaving him in his weak state of mind but I think he will after some time to manage & be capable of attending to a farm. All his trouble was by intense recoiling & feeling too much for the distressed to meet their God - this caused him to cut down their idols & act so queerly but I trust the worst is over - As to the Cow my dear Tom has engaged let Ellen & Allan have it & if she likes to raise the Calf & we may yet want them & if we never do it will not be lost. Will you give my love to Eliza Reid & tell her if she would come & stay with Anna this summer I think it would be of use to her our house is certainly healthy & a free day [ ] if she will not come some of the others would - Anna has it in her power to make her comfortable & you may all know who are interested for dear James & as how well he is getting - he is going to get a piece of ground to put in potatoes for us these are the very things for him I cannot blame dear Tom for acting as he did when he did not know his situation - he thinks he has brought about quite a change in his Uncle far more than he could to me he did not like that you should have the trouble of washing two shirts he gave one of his shirts away on the road for a mere trifle & the shirt he bought in Peterboro he gave to old Moor because he had not quite fulfilled his bargain - he is odd & upright in every way & truly devoted - to God & his service & very happy in general - but I have done plaguing you about him & now I have a message for you which is to come over here as soon as you can - there is a German Doctor here who has cured the asthma & indeed has affected great cures of Severe Complaints - I think it would be well for you to try him It would be easy for you to come - people come from Canada to him I no you are a hard case to move but make an exertion & Tom can see the gardens in Rochester I wish I could say something to induce you to come - Anna is writing to our dear Ellen who I told you would find Charles to be a good husband - I intended to have written her instead of troubling but your letter caused me to alter - let us all dear Fanny be truly in earnest to secure a place in Heaven we are exhorted to give all dilligence how good for us often to examine our hearts & pray much for the Holy Spirit to shew us & direct us by His influence to cast our souls on the infinite merits of the great atonement - & feel by so doing that our Sins are forgiven & we reconcile to our offended Father - we may then hope all things shall work for our good - try & comply with my request & come over - & with sincere love to you & dear Tom believe me your affectionate Sister M. Fowlis not forgetting dear Bessy ec ec

I hope you will be able to make this out I think it is full of mistakes - If Cochlin has paid you the money James will thank you to pay Harbour 13 dollars he owes him for Farms


My Dear Child I will not make any apology to you for not writing to you - for you know a little of our troubles but as it is greatly over & I have said all that is necessary for her to know why we changed our intention with regard to Canada - we had a letter written for you when we received yours & your Mothers James told us how comfortable you were - forget not all your feasts times but may they be a means of encreasing your gratitude for the present & improve time for Eternity - much depends on the wife to lead to good & keep up good feelings in the mind be faithful my dear to the divine knowledge you have & that blessing will encrease Anne will give me no more you know dear you promised faithfully to visit us this summer & I am sure your Good man will not be cruel as to prevent you I may say it is the only pleasure I have to look forward to is the prospect of seeing our dear friends try to persuade dear Anna I long to see her baby you know if you do not come this summer you will not be able next - I am glad we get your letter before this went to the post We got it last night I am glad Allan is with you for I really felt uncomfortable when I thought how much my dear Aunt & Bessy had to do that he should add to their troubles I hope you will not let Allan tease spirits I have a great dread of it I hope he has not forgot that portions of a scriptures he learnt he could repeat the ten commandments and 2 or 3 Psalms & Hymns it would be well to make him learn a Verse every day & then repeat them all on Sunday dear Ellen you have had your own troubles with him but the Lord will reward you tho I cannot - I hope you make him useful in doing chores it is the life of such young ones to be kept busy it is one of the greatest comforts I have that my dear boy is away from this place we have got squad of imps in our yard so that it is worse than ever - I am glad Allan does not forget me. I was almost afraid he would be so fond of his adopted Mother that he would forget he had any other - your friend Mr Warren was here the other day we told him you were married & that we expected you both over this summer he said to tell you you must come up to see him for he thinks a great deal of you Mr Gow & all the folks enquire for you I am afraid your patience may be exhausted before you come to the end of this scrawl, so that I need not tax it far I must wind up.

believe me dear Ellen With love to yourself & Charles

Your ever affectte Cos Anna M Fowlis

You did not tell us what became of your little lamb when you were here

dear Fanny by coming here you will save your expenses by getting shoes & boots for the boys & if you have not got your money over to [ ] mine M Fowlis

James is so well you would hardly believe it do come & see me

78-008/2/10 #195

Hazelbank July 1st 45 -

I could not write by the first mail last month my own dear darling Fanny, & intended to write by the 19th but - my dear child, by slipped the day unknown'st - I was very very sorry, but I could not help it then, & so I like a wise Woman I determined not to fret about it, - Your two dear Girls appear to have most happy matches, & I often, when sitting alone in the mornings, here, amuse myself by thinking of what they are like, & I think & think on till I begin to wish so much to see, & be acquainted with them all. - Well, we who got the credit of being scatter-pates when young, often [indeed mostly] settle down happy domestic managing little wives & mothers - I suppose the Spirits we had before the cares of the world come on, merge into cheerful energy when we find ourselves responsible, so much of the comfort & credit of a family depend upon the wife & Mother & then we poor merry grigs astonish every one by the Charming beings we turn into, when we settle down - Is it not so my dear Ellen?

We are going on much as usual here; all well, thank God, & peaceful & happy - George was to have gone to Tinstead in Lancashire to stand sponser for his brother Frass little girl but when the time drew near, he found that there were many things to prevent his leaving home - Mr Moore the Boys Tutor was attending his degree Examinations, & Alexr was to accompany his papa - so George would have been left without father brother or Tutor which would not have been good for him at all - Then we have no Man Servant at present - & we have 3 very valuable Horses to be attended to & there was no one to be responsible for, or to mind them then we have just put up an [ ] Gate which tho' a very simple one of wood & painted Green, cost something & we are intending [if we can] to paper the house which has never been able to be done yet! so, dear George altogether thought it most prudent not to go this Summer - Mr Moore will probably be ordained by September, & will, if we are spared, be nominated to the Curacy of Craigs, so this will allow George more liberty - We are to give him £ 75 per Ann & he is to live here with us & be both Curate & Tutor - We hope if all goes on well, that our dear Alexander will enter College this time twelve-month when he will be 16 & a half - It is rather early for him but he is not to reside in College [only to go up to Examinations] it is no great matter - The two little Girls are so much improved since they came here - it is really curious - They are very pretty - particularly the youngest Josephine, who is beautiful, & one of the very finest children I ever saw - she is just 5 years old - she has beautiful dark eyes, the beautiful soft kind, yet with a lively & very funny expression of countenance - her hair which curls naturally, in the lovliest ringlets is of a beautiful shade of light brown, very uncommon with the very dark eyes - She puts me always in mind of the description of Effy Deans, in the Heart of Mid Lothian - Poor wee things, I hope the likeness will go no further than appearance - Mary Jane is to be sent to the Irish Clergy Daughters School after the Summer Holidays - She is a nice child, but has been too long with artful people -

There has been upwards of £ 1500, collected for the 7 children the Interest of which is only to go to the Mother - She has got a Situation worth £ 30 pr Ann in Cork the Music teaching of the School for Governesses & the leading of the Singing at the free Church Cork - She went there last week poor Creature I hope indeed that she may succeed, but I have many doubts about it, she is so totally indolent, & fine ladyish - & so extravagant She has got most beautiful & expensive Weeds I hear & yet she has not a shilling of her own.

Tell Ellen that I am so glad she has got a black silk Dress; It is a nice ladylike thing & always ready either for Mourning or Evening - I have a beloved one which I got for Mourning for poor Uncle Sutton, & now it has come to an every day gown - which I put on about 12 oclock when all my Vulgar Work such as making butter ec ec is over - I wished very much to have been able to have sent dear Ellen & Anna something useful & pretty - but money is not very plentiful & I know how considerate our friends who have plenty of Money are in sending out things - Until we are out of debt to Sister Lydia & Doctor Millan [from whom we borrowed money to build this house] I dont like to spend a penny that I can help - I am dressing Mary & Josephine as economically as possible, & am training them to take care of their Clothes, poor little things, this is quite new to them - our weather here has been very like the Canadian Weather this year - We had a lovely fortnight during which most of the heavy Clover Meadows were cut & Sawed, but for the last week, we have had torrents of rain, accompanied with great wind - You say your joints are getting stiff & you have pains in your bones - Well the only signs of elderliness about me is stiffness after being tired when I first get up from sitting - But you are not nearly so busy about tiring & fatigue things as I am - I assure you that I often after making up 12 lbs of butter make up the feeds for my little pigs & Calves - the fact is that one cannot depend upon the people who we can afford to pay in this country - & if I sit down a while to write or read I am either sent for to the Kitchen, or else find nothing done The people [at least our Servants] have no method at all, & no idea of filling up moments However, I am rewarded for the trouble I take, is seeing every thing succeeding therefore as long as it pleases the Lord to grant me health & strength - I most willingly do it - besides we live so very retired a life here, that I can do these things better than other people - Also, when my dear George is away in the Morning visiting his parishioners ec ec - I mind the Labourers & often have to see things done about the place - this amuses me very much - but I am often very tired after it & then I take a fine sleep on the sofa in the Evenings when everything is done & quiet - & it rests me completely - I really think that if I had led the easy indolent life some do, I would not have been half as healthy as I am - Everybody says how fresh & young I look, & I think this comes from two causes - the continual being out in the air winter & summer, & frequent washing of my skin at least as far as face, neck, hands & feet - I generally take a tepid Bath altogether once in the Week or fortnight which keeps me very comfortable besides - I am grown very large in my figure & am not at all nicely shaped - Then [saving your presence] I suffer dreadfully from Corns, which on the approach of Wet Weather almost lame me - My distant sight is as good as ever it was, but I cannot see things near me well at all - Now for instance, I could read small print at a yard distance but cannot see well to thread my needle or do any neat Work at Night - My hair is wonderfully little grey considering I always wear it plain Madoned & no curls at all - & I am a regular Goody Two Shoes in my dress - & appearance - Now I am sure I have given you a grand description of myself - Our Living is very plain but comfortable - We never scarcely have a pudding or a Pie - We have boiled rice very often to eat with fine Cream & sugar after our one or at the most two dishes of meat & vegetables I am usually up at 6, we breakfast at 8, dine at 3 & drink tea at 6 - these are our general hours, of course circumstances sometimes alter them - God bless you & yours my dearest Sister - Give our united loves to Tom & the Girls & their Goodmen Ever your own fondly affectionate sister C E K

I put Boston as I see it on your's I hope this won't be charged double it is under weight here


By Boston

Post Paid

Mrs T. A. Stewart


PeterboroCanada West








JY 2



JY 4


JUL 24



[the wax seal is dark red brown rectangle with a script C]

78-008/2/10 #196

Novemr 1st 1845

My own dearly loved Fanny

As the time has come round for the dispatch of the Canada packets, and Mamma is not at home to write you, I think I had better take up the pen, & fulfill my promise of giving you some account of our "Tour of the West", which we all enjoyed as much as any people could do. Mamma went to Dublin last Thursday for a little shopping, to make winter preparations & intends, D.V. visiting a friend at Delgany before she returns, so that she will have the additional pleasure of seeing our darling Tommy while she is there. The dear fellow is well & happy, & is going on as well as possible at school. Helena accompanied her grandmamma, & Bessy is at Summerseat with her kind Aunt Garnett, so we are quite a reduced party. The weather is delightful now, & this is the loveliest first of Novemr that ever was seen, & quite hot. Of course you have heard of the sad failure in the Potato crop in poor Ireland & indeed everywhere, for it seems universal. I hope it is not so bad with you, & that the crops that you mentioned being so burnt up in the summer were not quite spoiled. Well, my dear, to commence my story. We left this house on Monday, the 10th of August, in an open carriage, which was filled by Richard, Mary, Bessy, & my ladyship, & proceeded by Castlepollard to Edgeworthtown, where we were most kindly & hospitably received by Mrs Edgeworth, Francis & his very nice pleasing wife, who is a most interesting person indeed, & her broken English quite pretty. Their five children are very fine creatures, & the eldest boy very intelligent for his age. Miss Edgeworth was at home, & kind & agreeable as ever. The Wilsons & Lucy Robinson were also there, &, I was glad to renew my acquaintenance with Fanny & Lucy but the Doctor was not there, unfortunately, We left this pleasant house with regret the next morning & pursued our way through a frightful country to Castle Kelly, where we spent a week most delightfully with our kind & pleasant friends the Kellys. I believe you have met Denis Kelly formerly; at least Mama thinks you have, at Mrs Mahon's in Dublin, he is a very handsome man still, & extremely talented & agreeable, & does so much good about him, it is delightful to see it. He has an Adult class who come to him every Sunday morning & with whom he reads the Scriptures in Irish, & all Roman Catholicks, & the good that he is doing, all over his estate, by schools, loan funds, etc., & is quite wonderful. Mrs Kelly is truly a helpmeet for this excellent man, & goes hand in hand with him in all his useful & benevolent undertakings; She is a charming person, & very handsome & accomplished. They have five daughters, & no son, alas! for the property goes to a distant relation, if there is no male heir. From Castle Kelly we pursued our way to Connemara, sleeping at Galway the first night, at a miserably bad hotel, & at Clifden the second, Near Clifden, is Mrs Martin's of Ballinachinch, & Miss Edgeworth had kindly given us an introduction to him, we delivered our letter, & were most hospitably entertained. Miss Martin is an Authoress, & a character certainly, but she was very amusing, & is evidently very clever. She lionized us all over the beauties of Ballinachinch, which is a very pretty place, situated just near the confluence of 3 large & beautiful lakes & in the midst of stupendous mountains. We dined & slept in this hospitable house, & next day pursued our journey from Clifden to Leenaum, a poor little place at the head of the Killary Harbour. The scenery of this drive is by far the finest in Connemara & reminded us strongly of some of the most beautiful parts of Scotland, especially going along the banks of the lovely Lake Kylemore, which really is as beautiful a thing as I ever saw in any country. We spent that night at a little quiet retired Inn, called Maam, where we were very comfortable. It is near the head of Lough Corrib, and in the heart of the wildest mountains. Next day we proceeded to Cong, which is in Mayo, leaving all the beauties behind us, & getting in to a frightfully ugly country, the fields all covered with a mass of brinestone rock, giving them the appearance of one vast quarry, & scarcely a trace of vegetation to be seen. At Cong we saw a curious Cave, into which we descended by steps about 60 feet. An old hag, who looked like a Sybil, shewed it to us & lighted a torch of Bogwood, shewed us by its blaze the extent of the Cave, which is very considerable. A stream of fine pure water runs through the Cavern, which is the resort of all the women of the neighborhood for beetling their clothes. From Cong we went to Ballinrobe to Westport, & through a flat & very uninteresting country. Westport, however, is a handsome town, & beautifully situated near Clew Bay, with its Archipelago of islands, of which it is said there are 365. We spent two days at Westport, one of them being Sunday, & ever most comfortably logded in a very good Hotel. Saw Lord Sligo's handsome place, which is close to the Town. On Monday, Septr 1st we left Westport for Achill, which we had long wished to see but it far exceeded our expectations, - A very wild drive brought us to Achill Sound, which we crossed in a boat, about 300 yards from pier to pier, & in winter it is a place very rough, as the currents set in here with great violence. Five miles from this brought us to the Settlement, & indeed it is a wild country, but the mountains are very grand, & lakes abound, but not a tree is to be seen on the whole island, & but little sign or cultivation except about the Settlement, where there were some good crops. We got very comfortable accommodation at the little Inn, though it had only been opened about 5 months. Mr Nangle came to welcome us immediately, & invited us to Tea, & we spent a most agreeable evening & had some sweet singing from him & his daughter. Mrs Nangle is very kind & pleasing, & they are very comfortable now, after going through worse than Christian hardships for the first few years of their residence, & the greatest persecutions. Now the Priest lets them alone, as he finds it a vain attempt to stop the spirit of enquiry, that is spreading so rapidly, & the Sunday before we were there, a young man from the very next door to the Priest, had his recontation in the Church at the Settlement. They have now a congregation of 300, in a place where 11 years ago, when Mr Nangle when there, there was not a single Protestant in the land except his own family. Now there is a neat Church, School for Boys & Girls, Infant School, Orphan Asylum, Dispensary, Post Office, Printing Press, & many comfortable dwellings houses; all looking neat and clean, & well taken care of; schools all prospering, & the blessing of the Lord resting abundantly on this most interesting colony. The Infant School was a beautiful sight, 99 little creatures on the role, & we heard them sing very sweetly & answer questions in Scripture remarkably well. - Mr Nangle is forming a new Settlement, & building a new Church a few miles off, & so great is the interest that is created for this place, that funds seem to come in where they are most wanting. Dr Adams is the excellent Physician to this interesting place, & he is a great blessing to it indeed & a great assistant to Mr Nangle, both in spiritual & temporal matters. I hope I have not wearied you with Achill, but I think you said you liked reading the Achill Herald, & I thought he would like to know all about the Settlement which we left the next day, with very great regret, - That night we spent at Newport, a prettily situated village, on a tide river, & next day pursued our way to Killaney Glebe, Mr Burrowes's, where we engaged to spend some days. The drive to Castlebar, from that to Ballina is very wild & bleek, but from Ballina to Killaney along the banks of the Moy, 4 miles, is very pretty indeed. The Moy is a fine tide river, & the salmon were jumping in it in a most curious manner. We met with a warm reception from our king friend the Burroweses, & spent a very happy time there. From Killaney we went to Sligo, where we saw Hazelwood, Mr Wynne's lovely place, which has every thing to make it so that wood & water, hill & dale, can bestow, with good task in the improvement of them. Next day we proceeded to a friend's house near Ballyshannon, a Mr Hamilton's & staid there for two or three days, exploring the of Donegal, with which we were greatly pleased. From there we turned our faces towards home, & had a most beautiful drive from Ballyshannon to Enniskillen, along the banks of the Lough Erne, which we enjoyed greatly. Saw Ely Lodge & Castle Coole, Lord Ely's, & Lord Belmore's both splendid places, on the banks of the Lake. Slept that night at Lisnaskea, & next day set off for Home; by Cavan & Virginia, & arrived safely here, without one unpleasant adventure by the way, which surely was a great source of thankfulness, and we had also the loveliest weather, & not a single wet day during the month we were away. We returned on Saturday the 13th of Septemr happy & thankful to be home once more, after our delightful ramble, which has given us many subjects of conversation since, - I hope you are not tired of this long history, my dearest Fanny, & that I have not blinded you by my small, close writing. I will enclose you one of the papers that Richard has got some thousands of printed, to distribute among the people as you might like to see it. It answers perfectly the bad potatoes, & pulling those that are not too far gone, down before the fire to roast, after they are boiled, is a great improvement to them for eating. Adieu, my own dearest Fanny, Richard, Mary & I join in kind love to your dear circle, & hoping you will soon answer this. I remain ever your own fondly old friend, & sister,

E. Rothwell

78-008/2/10 #197

[ ] half ago - or perhaps less - not two years I think - he purchased a farm about 16 miles off in this township from an Irish Southern Emigrant who had come over in 1825 - & never made much improvement - Our man Irvine Cochrane - set to work before the other people had left the place - as he did not like to turn them out - he let them stay till they had some place to go - he brought home an active wife, who he married just after he left us - he now has had some good wheat sold which enabled him to lay in some comforts & has got cattle & everything he requires - & is going on rapidly - he is a first rate ploughman & farmer - I can tell you of another family - Scotch people who came three years ago - & purchased a farm in Douro from one of those south Irish Emigrants, who had been twenty years doing nothing - Old Waddell the Scotchman had to pay the purchase money by instalments & the second year he cleared £ 100 by his wheat! - he now has a good farm - plenty of everything a good pair of horses & waggin - & has paid all the installments - he has two Sons to help him on the farm - but he is an old man himself & has had some severe attacks of illness - he has two other sons - who live in Peterboro & are going on well - & I believe they have helped their father a little - One is a blacksmith & Ironfounder &Wheelwright - & another a shoe maker - I believe there are three in town - but they are prospering - however I am told they work like Negroes - Amongst our own tennants we have great prosperity - David Porter who rented our farm for 10 years - came here in debt - he owed £ 7 - he had lost his wife, of a lingering illness - Cancer - which had kept them all back & had caused his debt - his children - six in number were young & only one - a boy about 14 [his eldest] at all able to help him - the eldest girl only 12 - & she had the care of all the rest! - Tom charged him no rent the first year & half - as he found the farm bad order - & had no profit at all the first year - but every year after, he paid 7s6p - an acre - he got on by sheer industry - he & his boy alone for at first he could not afford to hire people to help him - & his children at that time could neither save nor earn nor manage - for they were very ignorant & idle - but in a little time he hired a good woman as housekeeper who attended to his children & all the domestic affairs & when she left him he married - & by the time his term with us was over - he was an independent man - he now has a property for which he would not take

£ 1000 - he purchased 100 acres of wild land from Mr Reid adjoining Edward Browns farm - & has all sorts of cattle & sheep & horses & plenty of crops - & not one bad potatoe this year - This mans brother William Porter is another of our best tenants - he also came here without any means to begin with - & Tom charged him no rent the first six months - Ever since that he has paid regularly at the rate of a dollar & half or 7s 6d per acre - he had about 15 acres - & pay his rent in produce - work or firewood, as we require - Tom Martin came here so poor that he was obliged to pledge his bedclothes to pay his expenses coming up & Tom was obliged to lend him a few shillings to go & redeem them - he then hired out - as often as he could - as he had but a small spot of his own to work on having only taken 5 acres - this he cultivated by degrees - & raised some potatoes - & then wheat - & by degrees has got more land - he now has 15 or 16 acres - cultivated - & cows - oxen - sheep - pigs - a comfortable house a good garden - & his wife makes pickles & preserves every year - they have been here 9 years I think - but they are Papists - & very bigoted ones too - tho' they are from the North - We have another Papist tenant - & he is from Tipperary - he has been only a year here - & took a cleared farm, & he is likely to get on as well as the others - he has a large family of young idle children & an ignorant wife - but works hard himself - Tom charges all his tenants the same rent for land - & built houses for some of them - we have now only four tennants of this kind - as David Porter left this last winter - & our Willy took the farm he had as well as some more - & now has about 200 acres in his own hands & under cultivation - and I hope & trust the same prosperity may attend our dear boys as has been with David Porter -

Saturday Evening - yesterday evening I was interrupted in my writing by a visit from dear Ellen, who we kept all night - & now she is gone to see her Aunt Fowlis & I take advantage of her absence to write a little more - You see I have given all the information I can about settlers - as Maria wished to be able to tell anyone that might wish to come out - & as I have no other way of being of use to my poor suffering countrymen and women - I will try to let them know something of this fine country - & I do think all these people that I have mentioned have got on so well, that it might encourage others - wherever Protestant settlers are - they certainly do thrive best - but they must be of sober steady industrious habits - or they cannot get on at all - we see too many sad instances of the contrary - tho' I am happy to say almost all this part of the country is fortunate in having good settlers now - as for the States I dont know much about them - Mrs Fowlis lived only in the towns, & had no opportunity of knowing much of the poorer settlers & farmers - but the Irish were hated in the part where she lived - & generally are considered quarrelsome & bad settlers - here we have a mixture of Scotch, English, & Irish - & certainly the Southern Irish Catholics are the worst - everywhere - & often if they so get on for a time do something dishonest which sends them to jail & so to ruin & destruction - We must all work as hard as we can - & spend as little as we can - & save & make all we can & by dint of all we can gain independence, but nothing can be gained otherwise -

As I am writing to you I think I need not write to dear Aunt Sutton but may give her fond love as well as Tom & Bessies - we all thank her for her amusing account of Old Peter - poor old creature I fear he & Betty will feel a sad change this winter, for they had every comfort here & plenty of everything - & at Christmas had a good fat Goose & plumpudding & plum cake too in her own house of her own - can she have that in Ireland? Give my love also to dear Harriet & Louisa - & all the dear friends everywhere who you know I love - Oh I do indeed feel for poor dear Fanny Edgeworth & all that family - Oh it has been a sad stroke - Your account of Poor Rosa interested me extremely - Oh dear Maria do tell me more of her if you can - I did not know Mrs Jemat [?] was such a nice person. She has just come back at the best time I hope I have I feared wearied you saying so much about our poor tennants - but it is a subject upon which I feel great interest - as I am partial to dear Canada - & wish to encourage people to come here - but only a particular class of people ever do well here - hardworking, steady managing people - but spendthrifts drunk - ards & idlers never succeed - we have plenty of them - Thank you for the fine package of Quinine which was most welcome - as we had a few poor lingering invalids - longing for its arrival - & it has cured them now & they are beginning to look less death like - for the Ague is a ghastly looking complaint you know - I hardly expected it so soon indeed you were good to send it off so quickly Give my best love to dear Robt & Catharine - James & Julia & to all my old friends in your neighbourhood for I love & think of many - Goodbye my own loved Aunt Ever your own child Fan


Via Boston

Mrs Waller



Co MeathIreland










JA 1


78-008/2/10 #198

My dearest Fanny

Another of your most welcome letters is arrived without my saying one word to tell you, tho' often it was in my mind to answer your first - it is very grateful to me to have your nice letter that as if you were sitting beside me, and it is a great comfort that our minds are close together - tho' we cannot approach - it is the happiest circumstance that we are all my valued cousins turned to eternal things that the mind has got the right bent, and that we are much concerned for the soul's welfare that is a precious bond of union - and when I reflect that the time was when I cared little for those things - it is a wonderful thing how it has been put into our hearts to love our Saviour, and strive to obey & honour Him that is a precious precious gift - Oh! so many appear to be travelling the rough road of this world unacquainted with the hand that is so ready to bestow - I am delighted that my sweet Tom has cast in his lot with the people of God & willing to suffer reproach if need be - for we know that He will never leave not forsake us, because He has said His own work He will not leave unfinished, His own work in the soul - what a wonderful thought that we must leave this body & appear before the judgment seat of God - that an eternity is before us - my mind cannot at all reach the thought - & yet thanks be to the Lord I can sometimes feel a confidence in His having brought me out of darkness into His marvellous light, that it imparts a solid comfort to my mind and that is worth worlds - for nothing can do us any good - but that knowledge of Him that is love - that for the love He bore to us, He sent His own son to take our punishment, in our nature - Love to us - brought Him from Heaven for our restoration, and now at this hour is so concerned for unworthy creatures such as we, that at His Father's right hand He intercedes continually - Oh how pleasant is it to know my darling friends that your hearts are lifted up, & striving to enter in at the strait gate - do you know I think the active busy-ness of the concerned of the body & of the things around us does not interfer with the minds concerns - So that we are strongly impressed with eternal realities - but when we have nothing to fill the mind and raise it above the gross & grovelling nature that we possess, then it is lamentable to live so below our priveleges and the kind intentions of our exalted head, who entreats us to follow Him & to know Him, as He wanted & wished us to know Him - We are as much pleased as you are dear friends with the writings of Mr Winslow which you speak of - They are very clear and a help to persons who like me, ready little of other books such easy style (& large print) - simple & experimental that renders that most valuable & suited to my tastes, od which as know how good and pleasant a thing it is to serve the Lord - true religion is to enjoy the Lord in this world - while living here to live in fellowship with Him - such a wonderful & familiar expression that is - yet or more I'm sure it must be realized that is the greatest intention of Our Saviour - how many endearing expressions are used, to make us happy - because He created us for His own glory - that we might reflect back the love His bosom feels for us, he is yearning over us, and uses the cords of love to draw us to Himself - He is omnipotent arm is oft your stay, where you have less advantages than stress, it is then alone we find Him sufficent, an all sufficent help - every trial is to draw the cords tighter to draw us to Himself. How delightful dear dear friends to think that nothing can separate us from the Love of God - How in these trying times, when we hear of desolation, misery and barbarity, so prevailing - what will arise out of it, God knoweth - Tomorrow we are to have a fast day (Wednesday 24) when all work is to be set aside, & the places of worship open - that is quite a proper thing to own the hand that smites - and to humble ourselves under it. I find it generally felt, & acknowledged the trust the Lord may be entreated - but the state of things is wholly turned upside down - estates yielding £ 1000 a year would be galdly exchanged for £ 100 - Whole villages deserted in the south ot west, many of the inhabitants carried off by disease, the rest wandered away - nothing in the history of our kingdom is recorded at all like it - the newspaper must be read by you now with much interest none can imagine where it may end - how we must anew cast ourselves on the Lord - It is cheering to find the field work going on, our neighbourhood suffers little - but from the upper countries the people flock to Belfast. They are greatly burdened, but by liberal ever sending supplies to other districts for a [ ] & at work, which is well, Our two good people were to have visited your dear sister & my good husband - but ever as they had a train laid to set out, they have been hindered, it seemed easier to have made several voyages to America - Now your nephews have got houping cough, very mildly so far, your sister seems pleased to have it over - in a few days Emily& Alex again propose going & trust may not be hindered, they will take none of our children that they kindly invited - Mary is invited to Dublin to hear the good things going on at the great meetings of the Bible Missionary Society & will see all her cronies - She is to be with Letitia as the Blacks are on the move. George has got a curacy about 26 miles from here, near Bryansford under the Mourne Mountains a place very much to George's taste amongst simple fishermen, and I do hope it may be continued agreeable to all. We may then hope for a sight of them oftener, and at less expense, their going to Dublin which we could not at all see the good to arise now satisfied over that this result was brought about - at first they praised the climate & every thing about Dublin - but shortly tired of the southerns & are gald to return to the Protestant north so they too were led in a way they knew not. Oh may we all walk in the Lords ways & trust Him - I called in Sept at No 9 Hatch street in hopes of being gratified with a sight of your good friends but they were in the country - they were very good natured the time I saw them before on your accounts my love - of course you were our theme and we each liked the opportunity of talking on that subject - Thank you for giving me an account of Anna Maria - her letters show a steadiness & straightforwardness quite becoming - when she was my acquaintenance - I'm glad Ellen is so happy and Bessie I hope may be left with you yet a while - an unmarried daughter is a useful appendage - especially when we grow old - Mrs Black and I are well off as you dear - the grandchildren are an additional joy but a great anxiety in bringing them up to the Lord - but that too is good discipline for our minds - so the good Lord has ordered it - & Harriet Reads Children are nicely trained by their grandmama, must I saw thousand blessings to both of you my precious friends - I am glad of your oppurtunity to [ ] to dear [ ] which you will give her - I hope she is recovered & help be spared over her family and am glad Eliza is better and all doing so well, rising up to save their parents trouble & comfort them.

Thank you again darling Fanny for your nice long letter.

With the poor and affection of this family to yours, I remain, your attached cousin,

J. Wilson


Mrs Stewart



Upper Canada

post marked:

Belfast MR 1847


Peterboro U.C. Apr 30 1847]

78-008/2/10 #199

Hearing that a change for the worse had taken place I went on Thursday Septr 2 see my dear Father

As soon as I could venture to see him I went to his room - but perceived a sad change of countenance & appearance - he did not take notice of my approach but pressed my hand when I held his - Towards the afternoon he expressed a wish for prayer - he was extremely restless & thirsty -but had no pain - Mr Roger called to see him which gave him such enjoyment he spoke to him of his firm hope of salvation through Jesus Christ alone - & his entire trust in his Saviour - Mr Roger prayed at his bedside which seemed to ease & compose his mind - The same evening Mr Taylor came but he was so agitated he could scarcely read - which made his visit unsatisfactory - My dearest Father was constantly restless, but always expressed "happiness" - breathing as it were a constant prayer "to be taken when it should be the will of the Almighty" - he wished earnestly to be with his Saviour & through the night he occasionally spoke of his affairs - & gave some directions - Friday 3d - Morning dawned - the sun rose & found us all round his bed - he appeared still sinking - his pulse weak & intermitting - his breathing very irregular - often stopping for several seconds - his voice scarcely audible - his articulation difficult from weakness & from the parched dryness of his mouth & tongue - We could scarcely hear or understand what he said - but every word was precious! - Oh most precious! He gave us fresh & repeated assurances of his perfect happiness & full trust & confidence in his blessed Saviour - His mind seemed enlarged & elevated quite above this world.

By this time Anna Hay had joined the anxious group around the bed of the beloved parent - The dim half closed eye - the twitching & burning hand - told plainly that there was no hope - he did not appear to know Anna when she came but afterwards he spoke to her at different times. In the Evening he spoke to us of the approaching change - & said "I am ready" He called on his dear Saviour to take him - & expressed joy at the prospect of meeting his beloved sister -

He called all his family round him & said I am going! I am going! - he added more but we could not hear it - he requested Uncle Reid to pray - & then asked for some wine & asked Uncle Reid to take some with him for the last time - During the evening he gave many more directions & requested Edward Brown to "Look after his boys - & added - I mean in a religious way -"

About 3 oclock on Saturday morning an evident change took place he seemed quite exhausted - was restless & asked often what oclock it was - After daylight he asked if the candle was out - I said it was daylight he answered - "Oh I see a glorious light - I am so happy - so happy" - his lips moved still expressing peace & happiness - He looked at me & said - "is that you Ellen?" I answered "Yes dear Papa" - "Oh my darling child are you happy?" - I said "yes" "Oh" said he "I am happy! Happy!" - through this tedious day he continued tossing & uneasy & very weak - Mrs Taylor came & sat beside him some hours - but he never took notice of her - he could not swallow - nor speak distinctly - if any one came to him that he observed - he said "pray" -

Towards night he again revived - he became stronger & his voice clearer & stronger he again spoke to all - & gave many directions about his funeral - & the pew in church - etc. He spoke to the boys each & all & told Dr Hay to take care of Nana - Again he placed his sons under Edwards care - who he begged to watch over & direct them - he held Edwards hand & called Bessie - & joined their hands - & said "Now you are Man & wife - it is registered in heaven. God bless you both" he then told Mama & Dr Hay - that he wished Edwd & Bessie to be married in a reasonable time - he spoke to Robert & said he wished he had also a good wife for him he thanked all for their kindness & attention to him & spoke to all with deep & pure affection

Some hours after this towards morning he asked Bessie for his Bible - which she had given him on his last Birthday - he told Mama - Bessie Edward & Robert each to put their hand on it & said - "Edward I give this Bible to you & Bessie read it constantly in private devotion & regularly in family worship" - He then asked Bessie to read to him the 27th Psalm - when she came to the last verse he made her read it over several times - he then asked her to read the 25th & 23d Ps & the 4th verse seemed to rest on his mind - he repeated "though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death" - here his memory failed - & Bessie read the verse again - which he asked her to repeat several times - & then he said "Yes Bessie - there is comfort in that"

He then asked us to sing Wesleys hymn "Oh for a thousand tongues to sing" - & said "Oh do sing me to heaven - Sing me into Eternity" - he slept some hours - Sunday morning was cold & dreary - he was restless - I heard him say - "Oh my God - if this is my last hour - do not abandon me - I shall go to my dear Martha - She cannot come to me" - he prayed much for his soul but never for his body -he seemed to have no desire to live - His greatest anxiety had been for his boys - Now he had given them up to an earthly friend & a heavenly Guardian - He was restless again after breakfast - Aunt Reid sat beside him some time & he spoke to her - & then asked for more singing & prayer - James Reid prayed & read a chapter in St Lukes Gospel -

About 4 oclock in the evening he appeared much better - the rain had ceased - a refreshing breeze came in at the window & he spoke & looked about him - & drank some wine - he asked Edward to Shave him & appeared so much more animated that we had hopes some crisis had passed & that he might be spared to us.

After being shaved he asked Edward to kiss him & then kissed us all - Edward was standing beside Bessie - He looked at them & said - "God bless you both - I like to see you together" He then spoke to Charles & me & said "Charles I love you both - you are both to live together & you both must die - live prepared for it come together & bring your children" He then asked for more singing - he could rest quiet unless some one was either praying or singing - When he asked urgently for singing or praying he said he hoped he was not impatient but he wished to enter into eternity with prayer. If his mind turned to worldly matters he felt fearful of being much occupied about life -

He enjoyed the cool of evening & admired the brilliant sunset - we asked if he did not feel better "Oh" he said "dont ask me dont wish me to live" he asked if it was not Sunday - "Oh" he said "my last Sunday with you my dear children" - Through the night he complained of inward coldness - he drank freely - & took several cups of warm Coffee.

About 5 oclock on Monday morning the 6th Septr Dr Hay was reading prayers - but he did not hear him & said "Will no one pray" but when he found Dr. Hay was reading he took his hand & said "I thank you - God bless you for it - Oh Doctor the path is Glorious - Oh it is Glorious" - he then slept for some time About 8 oclock he turned himself & looked at Mama who was standing beside him. She perceived a great change in his looks his eyes were red & vacant - the hand she held was cold & hard - she tried to warm it & covered it up - he slept peacefully & quietly -

About ½ past 9 his breathing ceased without a sigh or a sob - & his blessed Spirit fled! -

Oh let me die the death of the righteous & let my last end be like his -

Ellen Dunlop

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