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Accession Number: 78-008

78-008/1/6 #100

[original letter includes a diagram of the floor plan of Frances Stewart's house]

Douro May 7, 1823

Though I cannot send this letter perhaps for a week or two yet I must make a beginning this morning to shew that this day which gave me my dear Harriet, has not passed unnoticed. Oh may you be spared to your fondly attached friends in happiness & prosperity for many years - I must try to follow your example & write closer & smaller as my store of paper is diminishing fast. A good deal of my best folio paper was injured by wet & I have been obliged to share the rest with the Reids

May 18. This good WhitSundy my dearly beloved Harriet I must scribble a little more having read all my Sunday course & walked 2 miles & dined & read a little more. This house is still in a very rough & unfinished state. I believe I mentioned that our chimney was only half built at the time the house was erected: & that we shall be obliged to pull all that down that has been done as the frost prevented the morter from binding properly. Our boards for flooring were obliged to be laid down in their rough state to season. So that they are quite loose, & from the heat of the fire in the winter, & the Sun now they have separated from each other in some places. Tom does not intend to take down the chimney till Autumn or perhaps Spring, for you must know that cellars are absolutely necessary to keep provisions vegetables &c in during our hot summer & cold Winters, & he wishes to make one job of it, & sink the cellar & build the chimney together. He also intends if possible to have a well in the Cellar all these operations will make us very comfortable, but will be rather expensive here when labourers wages are so high. So if we cannot do it in Autumn we will try in Spring & after that we will plaster the walls, lay the floors properly, & paper & carpet our little sitting room which at present is a bedroom. We shall then remove our bed ec into the inside room which is now a kind of lumber store room where we keep everything, bread, butter, milk, delf, & glasses at one end: at the other end, chests full of clothes & house linen & all sorts of things. In this little store room we are obliged to put any stranger to sleep, but the children & Betty the maid sleep in the room with us still in Cots. So you see my dear Harriet we must bear a good deal of inconvenience, but the hope of having everything made comfortable by degrees is a cordial that keeps up my spirits & reconciles us to everything. I wish I could give you a plan of the room in which we all eat & sit & sleep. I will try & perhaps you may be able to form some idea of it. No 1 is the door from the hall that is to be but at present the kitchen. #2 is the chimney. 3 & 4 are bookshelves which fill up all that side of the room except the door into our tiny repository. Under the shelves at No 3 we have a sofa made of the cots which the children & Betty occupy at night. Francis can tell you what nice Sofas can be made of the cots on shipboard; it is covered with crimson calico & looks very nice. At No 4 there is another sofa not quite so nice. It is made of a long box with a cot mattress upon it, & makes a very good seat; just over this seat are two shelves, occupied by Rees Encyclopedia, Dictionaries, Atlasses & other books of reference, so I can sit here & reach to any volume I want. At 5 is a window to the north which is most delightful in winter as it is so warm & cheerful & pleasant; now too as I have a green blind which throws a delightful shade over this my little study. At 6 are 4 little narrow shelves for the childrens books & toys & underneath stands a mahogany chest of drawers which perhaps you may remember seeing in Tom's dressing room at Wilmont. The upper drawer contains looking glass & razors & all sorts of dressing implements. There are four smaller drawers which he has most generously given to me for keeping gimcracks in. This is quite a pretty piece of furniture as it is neatly made & has brass handles & black mouldings & goes by the name of my work table. At 7 are 3 little shelves before which hangs a curtain; on the under shelf stands my basin & jug ec on the next my dressing box, & on the upper the childrens combs & brushes. All concealed by the curtain except when in use. At No 8 is a broad board supported on feet, which you may either call a table or shelf; here I keep my work baskets & boxes ec which you know are not a few. 9 is the bedstead which is boarded up at the foot, & looks more like a closet than a bed. I have hung sheets all round the inside to hide the boards & logs & make it look very neat - outside are buff calico curtains looped back. 10 is a window to the west at which stands a large deal table which is to travel into the kitchen whenever we can get a better in its place. the walls between the window & the door is covered with Maps amongst them the loved one of the diocese of Meath. The map of Canada hangs on the boards at the foot of the bed over No 8. I forgot to mention 4 stools & a sort of oblong box with a cushion, which also serves for a seat. All our dressing apparatus is carefully put by after being used; the bed settled & the rooms swept before breakfast & I open all the windows to purify the air before & after meals. I assure you except for the bed it has no appearance of being so completely a dormitory. Betty gets up at ½ past 4 washes Bessy, makes up the kitchen fire & puts on the kettle. Then comes back & dresses Anna Maria & Ellen settles up the cots in the sofa form I have described. Then goes to milk the Cow. If fine the children play out of doors. At ½ past 5 Tom gets up & soon as he goes out I rise from my downey pillow, generally before 6. A cord is fastened to the foot of my bed & the other end to one of the book shelves, on which I can draw a curtain across, & make a nice little dressing room. The dotted represents the cord. When my toilet is completed I unhook the cord & conceal the curtain amongst the drapery at the foot of the bed - by this time my good little Betty has breakfast laid and generally ready to sit down to. She saves me all trouble by her activity, & I have not even the teacups to wash except on Mondays when her washing hurries her a little. She breakfasts & dines at the table with us when we are alone, & with the children when any one is here, for she is so young & modest & decent that I don't like letting her stay with the workmen in the kitchen. We are almost always at breakfast at 7, dine at 12, tea & mens supper at 8, bed at 10 or 11. On Sundays all is an hour earlier, & we have prayers in the kitchen & a chapter in the bible before bedtime. In the middle of the day we have prayers in our own room. We have had some charming weather this last week & the trees have at last become green in a most astonishingly short time: We could perceive the difference in the Verdure between evening & the next morning. They are now most beautiful. On Monday last the 19th they began to open: it was a very hot day at ½ past 4 in the morng. The Thermometer was up to 64, at 10 at 82, at 1 at the north side of the house 90, in the evening 67. We had thunder & lightening on Tuesday. We have planted potatoes & Indian corn, & have melons & cucumbers up & also several vegetables. I am making a little flower garden at the south end of the house, & have mignonette in a box at the window

[Extracts from F S

Dated Douro May 7 * 19. 1823

M N No 16

To Miss Beaufort]

78-008/1/6 #101

Blucker Lodge Cheltenham August 1 1823

My dearest Fanny

We left London on Wednesday the 9th of July make a very pretty drive by Richmond & Kingston & through Windsor Park to Windsor, stopped there for two or three hours, saw the Castle and dined - The road was through a very rich country frequently crossing the Thames. - The Park at Windsor is magnificent & we drove for 3 miles I am sure through it - The castle equalled all my expectations in its outward appearance - it is indeed a stately royal place & stands so well on a bold eminence that it adds much to its effect - There is a broad terrace round two sides from whence there is a very extensive view - St Georges chapel is in beautiful Gothic - not quite so much ornamented as Henry VII chapel at Westminster & therefore it suits my taste more - We went through the suite of State rooms, I forget how many - They look old & faded now, but I hear the King is going to put them in proper reception order - There are several pictures some of them good - among others is one of Mrs Delaney - which is much more pleasing than the profile the Hamiltons have - We did not see the apartments the late King occupied - They are never shown without special order. After dinner we set out, & having crossed the Thames on a float very like our old acquaintenance of the Inny - we drove by a very pretty winding road through open fields to Maidenhead bridge - a dear little spot where I should have much liked to have staid - changed horses & went on to Henley where we got at 9 - & slept - Next morning set out at ten - & by Oxford, Witney, North Leach where we dined arrived at Cheltenham at eight & regaled ourselves with tea at the Royal hotel where we slept. Next day, Ann & I hunted about driving 3 horses for a dwelling & at last found this house which suits us very well: it is in an airy gay situation very wisely furnished - Just at the other end nearly from where we lived before - we pay 6 guineas a week! - & consider it reasonable!

Here we have been three weeks this day - & I dont think we have had 4 real fine days in all that time - such windy cold rainy weather or at least showery - I have not seen since the summer I was at poor Wilmont - & it is just like what we had there. However we continue to get on very well & I know not when we shall tear ourselves from this place.

Since we came here dear Fanny we have had the delight of reading your letter to Aunt Sutton of May 5 -, yours to Anne & me of May 28 - & your last to myself of June 8 - all most delightful to us - & for your kindness never were correspondents more gratified - I really think with wonder of your being so good in giving up your time but indeed it is not wasted, never were hearts more grateful than ours are - nor more touched by the tender affection of your letters - Alas my dear child how many privations, how many little hardships you have to struggle with & with what equanimity & cheerfulness you bear them - indeed not only we, your partial friends as you call us, but all who hear of your situation in admiration or you - all your little details of your log house & your one room & your contrivances are excessively interesting - & very satisfactory only they make one a little sad now & then - I gave the letter to the Suttons as they wanted to make extracts from it - of your letter of June 8 I was so treacherous, as not to tell them, as they had read that of May I thought they could not be uneasy for some time yet - and as there were one or two little sly things in it of Maria E - I thought it would not be fair either to you or her to show it to anyone but ourselves. Dear Fanny I do not think it weakness in you to be gratified at Maria's approbation - I like much your being alive to it - & that you have not got into the nonchalante independence of a Forest life - My dearest I am sorry that so much of your poor little property was spoiled & that the poor little brats clothes were among them - I hope none of your books suffered -. I am greatly vexed that I did not send you some neat walking shoes from London I was thinking of it & the doubt I was in about the fitting prevented me - I cannot tell you how I long to hear of the safe arrival or my box - in that I trust you will find some things that will be useful to you & the children - I reproach myself every day for omitting arrow root & flower seeds - Arrow root particularly - I am really much vexed at it - The Nicholson by which the box was sent, sailed from Liverpool I believe the 3rd week in June - at least the letter from the person there to whom Mr Wilson wrote, said that it was ready to sail with the first tide - Now my dear Fanny I must tell you that I am requesting much - of certain nonsense I said in my last London letter of a certain little Fancy which I thought Bess had, that Francis wanted to promote me in the Mercantile way - I am sorry I bothered you with it because it is so foolish for a person of my age to mind such things & because now that we [ ] London it is of course nothing - & indeed Francis too wise ever to have had such a plan - & so there it is - & you must think no more of it - I had the toothache so much in town it made me feverish & made me write stuff - since I came back here I have cleaned my teeth with an infusion of tobacco, in which I dip my brush - & I have never had the toothache -. I fagged so much in town that I was quite thin & raglike when I came back - but I am not fat & in great beauty again. - All your Sutton friends look very well, Cat in great glee - they live very near us - Mrs Palmer & Mr P & Wilfrid are coming - & Edwin Stock & his son are come so there is a fine set of them - The accounts of the 2 Miss Kirkpatricks are not particularly suited to English ears - Mrs Travell & Mrs Whalley have untied the party & some of them met in at ten at Mrs Travells on Saturday evening - Mrs Whalley thinks them all pleasing but is most inclined to Aunt Sutton & Catharine - who she says is a nice animated, lively pleasing girl - She is greatly interested about you & wishes much she had known you - she made me some bits of your letters, dear Fanny, pray forgive me, but indeed I am so vain of you I cannot 'hedge liking' to make you known - she is very pleased & must have some later ones. She said "How very well she writes, & what a well regulated mind & excellent principles she seems to have" - Poor Mrs Whalley's sight is so bad she cannot read more than a few minutes, nor employ herself in any way but knitting or talking - I go there every evening about half past 6 - & read to her about an hour - sometimes I stay to tea, & sometimes come home - She is very fond of us all & admires Bess's manners very much, she says they are quite elegant - She is particularly fond of me, & calls me Dear, when she speaks to me - quite in what I thought was the Irish fashion - I am reading Leanora to her, wh we both forgot, & she is much delighted with the beauty of the writing & thinks much of it very useful - Mrs Travell enters into the story with great warmth & interest - I dont know how long we are to be here, but I dare say a month still - Bess & Anne are so fond of this place - I am a little tired of it & would rather go to some new place now - I hope we shall got to Leamington, & we intend to take Birmingham in our way home, where we are to be shewed every thing by a friend Francis's & of the Wilsons - But I should like to set out sooner - for money is very scarce - & besides I am getting the Swiss disorder & long to be at Merrion St & have my dear Mother & Louisa with us. My dear Ma is as well as can be - & Louisa is I believe well too & seems gayer - I have not heard from William this month so that I can tell nothing of him but that he is trying to borrow money, & can get none. I have heard no report of Emma's going to increase the family, so I hope she is not - on the 21st July Alicia produced a stout squalling boy, after being ill not 2 hours - She & it are as well as possible - & she has plenty of milk for it - I dont know yet what she will call it - you know she has particular fancies about names - likes to have multifluous in sound, & not common - She always speaks of Tom with very great interest & kindness - she thought him uncommonly pleasing - I am afraid by your not mentioning the Observors till your last letter that you have not got them before - but I hope you will have them Francis sends 4 regularly every month - latterly he has sent different papers that Tom may see which he likes best - & you must tell me which you prefer & then that shall be sent regularly - I will try to get some old Belfast papers from Miss Wallace, but I see very little of her of late - They are all in great vexation about Mr Hill Wallace who lately performed a little prank of running away from Paris with a married lady of bad character - I was surprised at his doing so, for he looks very dull & quiet - The Scottish chief I should have thought more likely - but he seems to be going on very well. He was here in Spring when we were in town so we did not see him - he is now in Italy. Alicia Smythe is married to Mr Gibbons, your auld acquaintenance Terry Peggy - Miss Wallace is quite outrageous at her, for not making a handsome settlement of an Annuity on Mrs J Stewart - I hear that Mrs Stewart had got another farm - & is living at Lough Park - it is said that Isabella Sturrock is going to be married to Mr Darling - said to be a very good match for her - I have not seen Mr Lindsay since I heard it - But now I must tell you of the marriage of an old friend of yours - Charlotte Howse - to an officer but I cannot recollect his name at this instant - the history is however remarkably smart, almost dandyish - he met her very often, & was very much delighted with her musical talents - He always paid her great attention but she had so very humble an idea of herself, that it never occurred to her that he love her - When he was ordered away he took so very particular leave of her that she was quite surprised. His regiment went to Ceylon - After several months came a letter to her from him to say that he was offered a very fine situation there, but his accepting depended on her - for that if she would not go out with him - he would give it up & come back, as he could not live without her. So she bought all her Trousseau & she & her old Mother set sail & arrived safe & sound at Ceylon where she was married - who would have thought she could inspire such a passion!

Maria E, Harriet, Sophy & Wm are I believe still in Scotland I have not heard from them this long time - I long to hear all that particulars of the Sugar making & of the Potash - but I want to know why you burnt all your trees at once, instead of keeping it for fire wood; I see in the newspaper that Tobacco is beginning to be cultivated in Upper Canada - so I suppose you will have some soon. I shall be very anxious to hear of the success of all your crops - but will the produce of ten acres be enough to support your family. O my dear friends for Heaven's sake do lay in a store - for after reading Capt Franklin's journey to the mouth of the Coppermine river & all the miseries he & his companions under went I have a horror of your being in want of food through the winter - they were often for days together without any food but a Lichen that they gathered in the rocks & it generally disagreed with their stomachs. His book is very interesting, but it is a great quarto with several plates so that it is very expensive. I wish I could have sent you some more books in my box - Quentin Durward particularly - I hope you will be able soon to join your book society - it would be such a comfort to you - & I hope most excessively that you & Tom will be able to make your cellar & finish your chimney this year - but indeed if you cannot do both - I think you ought to finish the chimney & make it & the room as comfortable & as safe as you can before winter - recollect my dear friends what a long & dreary winter of many months you will have - & I beseech you to provide in time for it.

I hear that some one has got a patent for a mode of keeping meat quite fresh during a long voyage of Richd Garrant who is gone to New Holland writes that both meat & c[ ] were preserved perfectly well & a great pleasure to them in their voyage - if I can learn anything about it in my next letter I will tell you, for I think it might be useful to you. I made Francis enquire about the Tin dishes & he writes to me that he has enquired in several shops - 2 dishes of 20 inches & 4do smaller wd cost £1 14s, 6 covers to fit £1 5s, tea kettles 7s 6p £2..16..6

He adds that he "would recommend the dishes to be of Pewter, which resist rust, and which are much easier set to rights if they should perchance meet with bruises and which I may add never wear out - they would be however double the price" - It appears however that the Pewter would be the best economy in every respect - so I hope you will be able to have them sent in the next cargo - Now I think of it let me say that I beg you will always mention in every letter little article that occurs to you that you may think of - because I will keep a list of all these little things & shall pick them up by degrees just as they offer themselves - you & my dear little A M - shall certainly have a little magnifying glass of some kind or other - Her dear inquiring mind deserves encouragement & assistance

Lovell & Fanny have both wanted us to go to Etown till 31 is ready for us - this came today so I dont know what answer we shall give - you had better continue to direct to Manchester St till we are actually in Ireland once more my dearly beloved. Dearest Fanny you may depend on my propriety about your letters - but they are really charming & do so interest & amuse us, as I cannot describe to you - all your particulars your sophas your dressing room your little study all are delightful & shew what a mind you have -

I am sure you deserve to be happy & to be blest with such a companion as your is. May God bless you both & your children


The pleasure you experience My dearest Fanny from receiving letters from the old world we enjoy from your communications from the New Hemisphere and a considerable alleviation it is to the pains of distance & absence to hear so frequently from one so dear to us all as you are - even if we did not love your so much your letters would be interesting & [ ] from the new situation in which you are placed & the new circumstance that concerns you is so very interesting to us - you may imagine the happiness it gives us to hear you are well & happy - content & cheerful even tho' we feel intense regret for the privations & inconveniences - & many very hardships - you encounter with such patience & resolution - If the general esteem & determination of all those who know & all those who hear of you can reward you in any degree - you may rest assured you have that recompense - I can well imagine the delight you felt on receiving our beloved Bess letter - at a time when all your anxiety was alive about her - indeed her recovery after so severe & so extraordinary an illness to us who saw her in all stages of it - was indeed more than we could incur more sanguine moments sometime ago have expected - she was able to go through very great fatigue in London without injury - & though she complains of being weak on her limbs - yet she is able to take very good walks - though not as long as she could do - forty summers ago - she does not make allowance - for her illness she has had or the lapse of years - not that I would have you think she is not in highest degree grateful to Providence for her health & comfort she ever enjoys & which if indeed the flattering prospect you hold out of paying us a visit in the course of two or three years - I trust you will be an eye witness of yourself. She met with an unpleasant overturn in one of the wheel chairs - (in which she took such delight all the winter ) a few days ago - Her own favourite chairman happened to be engaged that day - [ ] morning was wet - but clearing up about the middle of the day we persuaded her to go out - the road she chose was rather dirty & to avoid the mud in the middle of the road the chairman went on a Bathway which sloped a little to one side - she either did not hear him - or a crooked motion of the chair made her rest her weight on the shelving side - which upset it - I was just going out to walk when I met her coming home - & thinking she looked pale & not as gay & cheerful as she usually does in her chair I returned home - we did not immediately know what had happened - till Harriet perceived on her mud on her veil & bonnet - She then said she believed she had been contused & complained of being sick - It happened Dr Boricagan [ ] was visiting someone next door - I ran out to beg he would come to see her which he did - as she said she was not hurt & we perceived no scratch or bruise - He said that what had occured would not signify - Hariet had before given her a little Hartshorn & she desired her to take a little brandy & water - As however her sickishness continued we thought it would be satisfactory to send for Mr Seager in case bleeding might be necessary - we had the comfort of his confirming what Dr Boricagan said - that no bad effects need be apprehended - & that the sickishness arose from bile being up by the shock of the Fall - He did not think bleeding was necessary - ordered her medicine & to have her head sponged [ ] times a day with vinegar - He called the two next days & still was confirmed in the opinion - no bad consequences would arise from it - though naturally she must be very much shaken - by such a fall - tho' not seriously injured - she had a small bruise on one temple - & her elbow grew black next day so she came down with more force than she was aware of herself from being [ ] by the fall - She has been out since in her own chair - & with the man she is used to - who is very careful - it would have been a great pity - if this had given her a dislike to those chairs from which she has experienced such health & such enjoyment - we are most thankful this accident - which might have been so [ ] has not been of any bad consequences - how little we can tell what may befal us in the moments of our greatest security - and how sharply does all the most triffling incidents of our lives make us feel that we are such poor helpless creatures - without the all supporting power of God.

Every one perceives that Bess grew fatter while in London - Harriet fagged herself with too long walks but she is regaining her good looks - & her health is very good - I was a little [ ] then & had a cold - which brought on a weakness in my eyes - particularly one of them from [ ] age hd - but a small blister behind my ear & some ointment & use by Mr Seagers direction - had done me good & will I dare say in a little time quite remove this unpleasant feeling - My health is now perfectly good -

Your acct of the surveyer was most entertaining must have been no small plague in your dwelling. I wish you were nearer that nice Mrs Rubidge & had some good society.

Farewell my dearest child always give my kindest love to Tom - Kiss the dear babes for me & ever believe me with kind love & esteem your affecn friend

A M Nangle

[Addressed to

Thos A Stewart Esqr

Douro Cottage

Newcastle District

Upper Canada

Finished Aug 4

All quite well]

78-008/1/6 #102

Douro 24th Octr 1823

My dearest sister

Since I recd your last letter of June to which dear Aunt Sutton & Bessy added their mites, I have often intended writing to you, but for the last fortnight or three weeks our whole attention & time have been engaged so as to prevent us from acting or thinking on any other subject - Our lovely little Bessy - it has pleased the Almighty to take her heavenly little soul to himself - She was a most engaging, dear child, & engaged the heart of any one who ever saw her, But - "The Lord gave & the Lord hasth taken away, blessed be the name of the Lord". I hope I can say this with true sincerety & resignation - her illlness was the dysentry, & was brought on by having eaten many improper things, for she always had a way of picking up things & eating them, but as I have written a minute details of her illness to A: Nangle I need not go over the painful account again, as I know you will see it. A short time ago Tom had fixed upon a very pretty retired spot near this house for the situation of a little Chapel he is going to build & near it a spot which he intended to enclose for a burying ground. How little did we then think this our blooming, laughing Cherub would be the first of its occupants - but it has been, & tho' it is a most bitter, bitter, time, I trust we may be enabled to see it in a proper point of view. I know it has been sent us in Mercy - & that it may be for our good is our constant prayer.

We cannot doubt but it is right - Her dear remains were deposited in that spot; it is near the river to which there is a pretty sloping bank, the place of interment is in a grove of Hemlock trees, the foliage of which is quite suited, as they are dark, & solemn looking - The Hemlock is a kind of pine, something like the Spruce Fir, or between that & the Cedar of Lebanon, they grow about a Hund feet high, & are I think very beautiful trees. Between four of these Hemlocks which form a natural canopy above, lies the body of our darling little Angel. The funeral procession had a pleasing tho' sad appearance, passing thro' the dark Forest, it consisted of every individual of our Family, & all the Reids. Tom & I attended, as it gave us painful pleasure, & our two dear little remaining children - they all & their little cousins walked together, as all were equally fond of our darling Infant. Even our labourers shed tears over her little grave, as she made every body fond of her. Tom is gong to have a little Head-stone put for her with simply her name

Here lies

Little Bessy Stewart

Died 20th Octr 1823

Ages 1 year & 11 months

My dearest Catherine I fear I have dwelt too long on this subject, but I know you will forgive me, & make some allowance for a Mother's weakness, & partiality, but no one could help feeling partial to such a child.

Your friend Mr Fetherstone paid us a short visit about three weeks ago, & you may guess how delighted we were to see a Person who had so lately been at Clongill. Indeed I am sure I must have teized him most terribly asking so many questions, for I was not aware until some days after he left us how "harrowing to his feelings" it was to speak of some of the Clongill family, but he wrote Tom a note saying how much he was pleased with our little settlement, & at the end made an apology for his not having been more communicative to me on the subject which must have been the most interesting to me - We like him very much, & only regretted that our accommodations were so bad, & fear he found them very uncomfortable but he was excessively goodhumoured & seemed to wish to prevent us from putting ourselves to any inconvenience. He (accidently I suppose) left a very nice poem here, which belongs more rightfully to a fair Lady at Clongill I fancy. - If I had time, & room, & spirits just now, I should write it out here, but I have none of the three - When Mr F was taking leave of Tom at the end of our Avenue, he put a letter into his hand which Tom could not open till he was gone, it was an inclosure of a Bank Note for 100 Dollars, £25, for the Stewart Settlement at the same time wishing us success & prosperity. This very handsome donation from one who was a perfect stranger, we can only consider in a gratifying point of view. Tom intends to appropriate this little Sum, along with as much more as he can collect, for building our little Church. He has written to request Mr Mathias will try if the Church Missionary Society will contribute towards it & if he could add to our little fund by a few private subscriptions. We are in a most deplorable way for a place of worship, & Tom is determined if he cannot raise more money by subscriptions to erect a very small one with Mr F's gift as far as it goes, for we cannot spend our Sabbaths without meeting for worship in some place for the purpose. If you ever see your friend Mr F: pray thank him for us, & tell him that we think a Church will be of most public utility to our Colony. We did not know where a letter would find him or Tom would have written directly to himself

Sat 25th I am most impatiently looking out for more letters from my dear friends & perhaps we may have them tonight as our friend Mr Bethune sent us word a day or two ago, that he would be here today, & I think it probably he will bring a budget of letters. I am glad he is coming now particularly as I think his Society will give dear Tom's thoughts a new turn. This has been a sad stroke to us both, to him in particular. She was his greatest favourite & made herself dear to him by so many sweet little winnings ways, but he is supported by that surest of all supports - Religion, which Which he feels in his heart now most fervently, & his conversation is delightful to my mind, & soothing to my heart. Thank God I am very well in health, & I find it best to employ myself as actively as I can. Sitting working indeed is too trying yet - for she was my constant & dear little companion but I am again running on again too long on this subject - I am longing to hear how dear Uncle Sutton is after the painful trial he suffered attending the decline of his brother. I feel truly for him & all the friends of this excellent & worthy Lady, but to her what a happy change it must be. I expect your next will give me a detail of your proceedings at Cheltenham & how our darling Aunt Sue like the dissipation.

My own dear Kate my mind is in a state of stupor & my ideas are so confined that I cannot write. I cannot bear collecting thoughts yet, but I will write soon again. In the mean time & for ever believe me my dear, dear, Kate,

Yours truly & fondly

attached Sister

F Stewart

Give my love to all with you that you know I love & to all my dear friends at Allenstown -

[No 24


Extracts from F.S.

Dated Oct 27th 1823

To Miss Browne]

78-008/1/6 #103

31 Merrion St Dublin November 23d 1823

I think I cannot close this Sunday Evening better, than by beginning a folio to my dear Fanny - So having dismissed the tea tray - & men[ding my]) pen, here am I seated in my old place at the tea table - doing what I love of all t[hings] - writing to my excellent & admirable child - Some one in a letter to me lately, said they th[ought] if any thing could make me proud, I must be proud of you - so I am not pou[d] - I am satisfied & delighted with you, and I am grateful indeed to Heaven for [ ] blessed you with such a disposition & such strength of mind & cheerful conte[nance] It scarcely seems a month yet, since I dispatched my first folio from [ ] house - Now I begin another. I am most happy to say that our Bess [ ] wonderfully well - her spirits appetite & sleep are all good - her looks as [ ] one, & her spirit & animation - she is the first down to breakfast in the morning - is able to take a good walk every day, & to join in whatever is going on - & sits up till 11 reading & working & looking quite brisk. - A few days after I wrote last to you, my mother & Francis & Louisa came to us. I think on Monday the 3d - Fanny Edgworth who had been bathing at Dunleavy came here also - to stay in the day & was to sleep at Mr Thos Edgworths house in town - then she got a bed at Richmond Rectory house in Merrion Square - but behold the house was let at last - so it ended in her staying here & to prevent Francis's lying on the chairs - I put Fan in my place in Louisa's bed in my Mother's room - & I contrived without Francis ever discovering it, to sleep on a Mattress in Bess's room. While we so full we were in a little sort of hurry, every day between visitors & company - & going about every day with Francis whenever he wanted to walk to see anything. One day the Brinkleys dined here without any other company - They were all exceedingly agreeable, & seemed to enjoy the day very much - They are all so fond of Francis & admire him so much. He & the Dr had a great deal of scientific conversation, but besides that Dr B talked very agreeably on many other more common subjects. Another day, we had Aunt Mary & Honoria on their way to England! & William E. who came to town to escort them to Burkeley Lodge today - After all this social gaiety at home, we are now a very small party - Francis left us on Wednesday 12th. Anne went to Painstown to the Brabazons the following Monday, & on tuesday Fan left us, so we are now my Mother & Louisa Bess & I - My Mother seems to have recovered very much since she came here - & was able to walk a good deal & seemed very well, but the other day she hit her leg against a box. - & it has gathered & is very like a sore boil & the leg a good deal inflammed - She has a constant poultice on it & it is a great deal better today - but the weather is so uncommonly mild & fine for the latter end of Novr that it is a very great pity she is quite confined to the house. Louisa looks ill - She is miserable pale & looks all crinkled up - & not half as animated as she used - her headache are troublesome, but she has not had many since she came here - I hope we may be able to give her a little gaiety & amusement of some kind for I think she is always the better for it. - Last Wednesday the 19th we went my dear Fanny by invitation to breakfast at Mr Mathias's - to meet the Honble Dr Stewart of whom you have heard so much - The good Canada Missionary - Mr Stewart & the Mathiases were very kind & very anxious that we should meet him, that he might be able to tell you he had really seen us - and that he may be the better able to do so - We all wrote down our names & gave him the paper for you - Mrs Frood & Mrs Peebles & a tribe of young Bellinghams who were always making a whispering - & a pale woman in black whose name I never heard - Altogether we completely filled a long table - hospitably covered with various good materials for breakfast.

We were all introduced to Dr S me as your friends - & then Mr Mathias gave me a second introduction as your most particulat friend - Dr Stewart has a very ugly countenance at first & does not at first reception look gracious - but when he got into conversation he improved much & his countenance grew quite animated & intelligent. - He is a very plain uneffected sort of a straight forward man -; I am pretty sure he is of the evangelical party, at least in a degree, but I am sure he is moderate, & rather cautious, & desirous to keep fair with all parties. I observed that he totally avoided all cant, and all peculiar expressions, and when Mr Mathias talked of Christian minded people - & Evangelical people Dr Stewart never said those words - but - Oh yes a very good religious man, - or a very good well conducted man &c - He seems much interested about Canada - but very fair & candid about it - telling with openness all its demerits as well as advantages & anxious that people should not attempt to go out as Settlers to uncleared land unless they are capable of bearing as you & Tom have, with courage and Heart all the various difficulties & privations which must attend them for the first year or two. He told Mrs Frood not to think of it unless she felt that she was equal to all that - Mrs F said she would prefer a place already cleared & built on & near a town so that she could have some Society - that you can easily have for money he said - & in such a situation you may do very [ ] & will be no worse than in a farm at home - but for the management of new [ ] uncleared, it will never do to live away from the land - in a village [ ] seems to be interested about all Mrs Stewart's Douro friends - and says he will [ ] go to see you - he is to return to Canada from England, next April or May; [ ] to see you in the course of the Summer - if not next Summer however, he will [ ] go the following one - but if he cannot go next year to you, he will at any [ ] send you the paper on which are written our names. He gives no hope [ ] your have a clergyman established - because there are several other [ ] of much longer standing, where there are Churches erected, still without [ ] - from a difficulty it appears of paying the Salary. He did [ ] propose to Mr Hare a young clergyman who is ready to become a missionary [ ] small salary - but Mr Hare having consulted the lady he is to [ ] that he could not accept this small salary. I mentioned to Dr Stewart [ ] clergyman about 18 miles from you, who you hope [ ] times to officiate for you - He said he approved of that - & that he knows the man, who is a Mr Thompson & is a very good man. It is frequently the case that one Pastor has two townships to attend, until the inhabitants become numerous.

I told him that in some of your letters you had named a plan of erecting a sort of Loghouse Chapel to be a temporary place of worship till you could have a better real one built - but he entirely disapproves of that idea - He says what he always advises new settlers to do, is to erect a school house - This is certainly the best preparation for a Church, for the children will learn there to prepare themselves to benefit by having a church - They will learn some good habits & discipline - and then if you should have a visit from a clergyman, the Schoolhouse will answer perfectly well as a chapel & you can have service in that very easily - until you have a proper church built for he thinks it a very bad plan to build a temporary place of worship -

Novr 25 My dear Fanny I grew so shockingly sleepy yesterday evening when I was writing this between dinner & tea, that I fear that some of it is quite illegible - and indeed it seems a great shame to grow sleepy writing to you my dearest child. Now, I will go on with Dr Stewart. He told us that some years ago he set a subscription on foot in England for the purpose of building Churches in Canada; he collected two hundred pounds by small subscriptions - & with that sum he assisted the building of 20 churches - The way in which he assisted is this - he insists on a great deal of the church being built before he supplies money, that he may be sure it will be applied to that purpose - He conditions with the inhabitants of the Settlement that they shall supply Stone & Tinker - Then he comes when it is pretty far advanced, and he gives nails, tools, furniture for it, & all such articles as the country does not produce. For this purpose a hundred pound is sufficient. Well my dear, he is now beginning to collect a new subscription for this same purpose & he says he has done very little about in Ireland, because we Irish are so poor now [ ] hopes to have a good collection in England - and he assures us that if we should do so he can secure to us that any money we collect, shall be separately appropriated to erecting a Church at Douro - He is to send us some of his printed Subscription papers, & we must all do our best to get them well filled for if possible dear Fanny you may be sure we will all try to make a collection for this good purpose, since we are assured it will be devoted to our dear friends. Dr Stewart gave your friend Mr Macawley of Cobourg a very high character; - There is a Church now erecting at a place about 7 miles from Cobourg - I forgot its name - and he says he does not think that a clergyman can be appointed for it yet for some time and he supposes Mr Macawley will have to officiate there. He says you will every year find your comforts increase & your difficulties diminish - & that you will be soon very tolerably comfortable - it is only among the new settlers that it is common to let the cattle run wild - but all those established a year or two have cow houses & hen houses. I mentioned that the insects crawled in to the house between the opens of the Logs - & that I feared it would be so till you were able to plaster the house within & without, but Dr Stewart said you might make it very comfortable by filling all the chinks with mud - & that it is always done immediately after the building of the house - he says it makes them much more comfortable & besides, will keep out the troublesome insects. I enquired if he could tell me any books that treat of the Natural history of Canada - or the botany - he knew nothing about them at all - & said oh its just like the Natural history of any other country - There is some book on it said he, in England - some conversations or some such thing by a lady - when he said this Mrs Frood looked over to me & said in a half voice "Yes Dialogues on Botany" to Louisa's diversion. - I believe I have told you most of the Breakfast history now - it was just after ten when we drove about visiting & shopping all the rest of the day & got home just at 5 o'clock.

26th Mrs Stewart & Mrs Frood were here today - & very kindly brought us a map of Canada thinking we might like to see exactly your situation as well as they can guess it - & also a great pile of missionary magazines & things of that sort - so you see I am preparing to be one of the Godly There is a terrible spirit of controversy in Ireland now - Those foo[ ] miracles which really were not worth thinking about, people have written [ ] so seriously that is quite ridiculous & have preached about too. Ano[ther] that there is every Wednesday Evening a sermon in St James's Church & St George's alternately, upon error of the Church of Rome. I he[ar] the Churches are crowded by the lower orders & many who are evide[ntly] Catholics, and that several priests are present at these sermons - [ ] too that Some priests have been closeted with our Archbishop - & are [ ] become Protestants if they could be secured any provision - it [ ] that in all parts of Ireland Catholics are daily becoming protestants - ho[ ] I know not, but I cannot but fear that the invitation that already [ ] between the two people will be terribly encreased by the zealous [ ] think ill judged exertions of Mrs Burke & Mrs Daly & some others - [ ] present I think Ireland is not much disturbed - but I hear w[ ] very troublesome winter - However all the people about him are very attached to him & Emma & messages have been sent to him frequently to assure him that he will never be attacked. He has just been able to pay his Landlord all arrears of rent due for Upton - & has some hopes of getting rid of the place - I wish he could, but that is too good I am afraid to hope for - He speaks of coming soon to this country & will bring Billy I believe to Etown School - They are all well now - Fanny had some kind of Chicken pock& was very feverish - but is able to be out again now. Poor Lucy is in a very melancholy state - suffering very much latterly from an inward gathering - There is evidently a tumour inside at one side of the stomach - it is now advancing more rapidly than it did for some time - it is continually fomented every hour, & linseed meal poultices applied but here is no appearance of it coming forward on the outside - it must therefore break within - if the discharge fortunately get into the intestines or the Bladder all may do well, but if not, the Surgeon says it will cause suffocation; - Even supposing that it should be carried off properly it seems very doubtful that She can have strength to bear such a discharge as it must be; She has very much lost her appetite & She is already become a perfect sketch. So that I can scarcely let myself hope that she will outlive this crisis - it is awful to think in what a moment the life of this dear creature may be closed - Never was a mind in a happier state if truly pious resignation & calmness - her religious feelings are very warm and very sincere and her mind is well ordered & happy. They are quite uncertain as to the period at which the Tumour may break & terminate all their hopes and fears - it may be immediately - or it may not be for many weeks. When the Tumour is pressed it gives her great pain in the back; and also in her eye. - Her whole inside seems disordered poor soul. Her Mother Harriet & Sophy sit up by turns, two every night so that third night, one, has a whole nights sleep - I hear that Harriet looks the worst - Old Fanny keeps up astonishly in looks & exertion. You[ng] Fan recovered her health very much at Dunleavy - & is in excellent looks - she is now gone home. Since I wrote last to you Aunt Mary & Honoria changed their minds again & in consequence of the letter they had poor Burkeley Lodge - & left there on their way to England last week - They were both pretty well - Francis waited in town, because he thought Aunt Mary wanted him to escort her, but Wm E took a sudden fancy of going - so then we had Francis with us a day or two longer - he staid an additional day to celebrate my dear mother's birthday the 11th on which she was 85 - She is very tolerably well now but for the little sore on her leg which I mentioned I believe at the beginning of this; but that is to be well in a few days I hope for she has at last taken some advice for it.-

Wm E seems very well & has got some employment which makes him happy - Sneyd is coming over directly to see his friends here - I had a letter the other day from him from Brussels to which place they had just come. Mrs E had been better during the Journey than for a long time before - & they had both enjoyed the whole of it very much - Mrs E continue pretty well - he will leave her there & will come over very soon - I believe Mr Broadhurst will go & stay with her while Sneyd is away. Sneyd was quite satisfied about Honora's & my refusal of his invitation to spend the winter with them on the Continent. Pakenham is gone to the Charter hou[se the] same school in London that little Francis is at - both going on as well as possible - Pakenham [has] risen 4 or 5 forms since he went - & Frs is in the highest form, - Sophy E was greatly admired in Scotland - She and Harriet enjoyed the excursion very much - & Maria particularly. - I believe Maria will go to London next Spring - & I am sorry for it - fo[r the] company will not be half as much prized as it was, if she makes it so common - [ ] the girls were so dissipated & so anxious to go every where & see & do every thing, [ ] rather laughed at them - at least they wondered. I wish some of those girls [ ] married, but pretty & engaging as they are, I fear they are going to share the [ ] their respected Aunts! - I was at the Botanic garden last week [ ] Mr McKay of your Cardinal flowers. - he seemed quite surprised at the doub[ ] so have all to whom I have mentioned it - We are all very curious to see it, & [ ] beautiful flowers - but I hope you have dried some of every kind - even [ ] like our own, that we may examine them - pray save any bulbous roots [ ] & pray dry for us 3 specimens of every flower - if you dry them w[ ] you, it will be a treasure to us botanists. - Mr McKay has lent me Pursh's Flora of North America - The descriptions are all in botanical latin, which wd be a bother to you to make out or I would buy the book & send it next spring - but I intend to translate for you the descriptions of all those of Upper Canada & that will save your some trouble & time - which last is very precious to you my dear & excellent useful creature - I will also send you some extract also from Kalms travels in Caroline. - It makes me admire you more & more & more every day to see that you keep your elegant & civilized tastes in the midst of your present hard working life - & I assure you my dearest Fanny every time we get one of your delightful letters - we feel more & more your kindness in writing in the midst of so much real business - All the parts of your letters that we read to our friends delight [ ] I sent an extract to Etown from your last, in wh you mentions dear Anna Maria's usefulness - [ ] all much pleased with it - it is now gone to Burkeley lodge - Aunt Mary wished much [ ] some to read to Mrs & Miss Sneyd who she says are quite interested about you - I am [ ] no letter from you now every evening - & am sorry it has not come time enough to be [ ] in this. - I request you will tell me in your next letter every thing you can [ ] that you will want out next year - for please the fates I will send them off in time from [ ] I will depend on myself & not on any faithless man. I am sure now you will never [ ] I sent by Liverpool - & am in great grief - there are so many things that would have [ ]ful & that you wanted - and yet Dr Stewart says they communication between Liverpool [ ] is as easy as from Dublin to Liverpool & that things go as safely.

[ ] I answered all your questions about old women & servants in my last - All [ ] are as usual - Margaret is greatly gratified at your inquiring about her - [ ] bothered & stupid - We are so completely our old selves that I cannot [ ] spired at it - it is like the woman who in a crowd at a fire lost her shoe & was pushed on [ ] the crowd pushed her back again, & her foot got into its own shoe! - I enclose you [ ] others seed we got at Cheltenham - & in my next letter I will send you some [ ] flower seed - I delight in your little garden & Scarlet runners & mignonette [ ] interested for you as if you were her sister - I hope you will write to her - She has [been rather] better of late - We intend to try & persuade her to come to town when Anne is coming home - I hope she may for I know it will do her good - & be such a pleasure to Louisa & to us all. Louisa is very pale & headachy. Mary Pool is still out of place - but she has the pleasure of having a baby to nurse her last child has lived - & is 2 months old - it is the least little white delicate creature you ever saw. Alicia's last baby - Morris William B is coming on very well - Emma is not in that predicament at present that you are in - & I hope has done. Oh how anxious I shall be to hear of you my beloved - I hope & pray - may I beseech you to go to Cobourg for that time indeed it is your duty to your husband & your children for you are every thing to them. I am sure dear Tom will make you - pray dont conceal from him our anxiety that you should do so - All your Allenstown friends are in town now - The whole tribe 8 in number for Robt & little Mun have joined them - Most of them were here the evening they arrived - Your uncle was here today looking very well - he paid us money for which we were starving nearly. They are able to be here to tea tonight Oh how I wish you could see Bess how well & alive & bright she is - but please God - you will yet perhaps in your promised visit - which perhaps in his infinite goodness he may permit it.

Sidney Fortescue has received such benefit from Dr Brownes prescription that she is suddenly become almost quite well - no longer confined to her sopha - She is able to walk & almost run up stairs, & down - & only feels the annoyance of a headach now & then

Miss Walker & Miss Cooper are the same way - poor Miss C is always imagining that whispers are in her ears & in the middle of what she is saying - suddenly exclaims about the whispers she hears - She thinks God is angry with her as she will not go to Church! - The Maynes are very well - Aunt M: & Maria are gone for the winter to a boarding house near the Rock called Temple Hotel

How very long my dear Fanny our letters are in reaching you - it seems wonderful that when [ ] wrote in September you had not received mine of may - before this I hope you have - Mother & I came here the 3d of November, & she has been very well since she came her breathing [ ] than at Etown where she had been very far from well - She hurt her leg some time ago [ ] & grew very sore, but she is better now & she has an Apothecary to doctor it who is said to be very skillful [ ] legs & such-like; He promised that she shall be well in three or four days - We were much delighted [ ] [ ]esses looks strength & spirits, & with Harriets strength recovered activity & her improved spirits, had [ ] apointed as her looks; though they are much better than when she went to England [ ] much fatter - she generally very cheerful but her old disorder of slepiness is often very [ ] We are just now in a state of pecular anxiety about poor Lucy E - whose tumour we [ ] is at last advancing rapidly, if this breaks so as to find a vent either in or externally & [ ] has strength for it, it will they say carry off the old back disease - but it may break [ ] vent & then instant suffocation maybe the consequence - and at any rate she [ ]ve strength to bear the discharge; it is now a sort of suspension between life & death [ ] awful - She is quite prepared to go, is quite resigned to either but would almost rather [ ] & her mind is perfectly calm, clear & cheerful, viewing the affliction that have [ ] as blessings, which have taken her from a life of carelessness to one of serious [ ]ling improvement - All Wm Bs family are now well & we hope soon to see him [ ] bringing to school at Lovells - poor little Billy still lives on but a perfect skeleton - I have not heard lately from my poor Allotts but when I did they were better - my nice kind Sophy Rutherford (Stewart that was) writes often to me & the Edgeworths tell me is liked & loved by all the Scotch who know her - I cannot recollect any more particulars that you know - so will end by hoping that you will be very prudent & not over exert yourself but spare now that you may recover the quicker at Cobourg, where of course you must go, as wolves or Indians or the as wild Reids would be the only help in your forest - pray dear take care of yourself think how much depends upon your health, & how many receive help & satisfaction from you - retain then this great happiness to them & you as far as in you lies & always love you afect Louisa

Louisa wrote to you in May & indeed she has not forgotten you I wish you would get the Pioneers to read there is so much of North Amca in it, you would be much interested - I long to know how you like Margt Lindsay - I wish I could send you things often to you that you might have new books for your little bites of reading but however I am glad you & Tom have such a nice collection of real worthy books - I am glad you are refreshing your memory with Bigland's letters - I am very glad you get the English papers regularly now - I want much to know which of all those that Frs sends Tom likes best - He sent variety on purpose that Tom might choose you ask what your letters cost - very little - about a penny more than a London letter I think I hear that the Bishop of Meath is quite charmed with Catherines pleasing countenance & thinks her even prettier than Bessy. The Hamilton & [ ]

God bless you my Ever dear Fanny I must stop now and once more I must tell you You are beloved by us all


Anne forgot to leave me the 2d part of the bill & I fear it will be too late for the mail.

Address to

Thos A Stewart Esqre

Douro Cottage


Newcastle District

Upper Canada

78-008/1/6 #104

Douro 18th Decr 1823

My dearest Bess

It is now within a few days of being 2 months since we received the last dispatches from Cobourg or any packets from home - so you may imagine the state of extreme anxiety in which we now are & the impatience with which we daily watch for the arrival of some messenger with glad tidings - I hope they may be truly glad tidings - & that the next letter may contain as good & delightful accounts of our dear friends, as the former letters have - The reason of our being so completely shut out from the world just at present is the state of the roads, lakes, & rivers. The snow on the roads & the ice on the lake, not being hard enough for sleighing - & on some parts of the river being too thick to allow boats to pass - so that only horse or foot messengers could travel - & on some parts of the river being too thick to allow boats to pass - so that only horse or foot messengers could travel - & but few of them like to come so far at this time of year thro' the deep snow. However we suppose that by this time the roads & lakes are become passable, & on Sat. next Tom intends to go to Cobourg to lay in a fresh store of provisions - We have at last got a road nearly finished between this & Mr Rubidges, so that we shall be nearer society than we have yet been since our sojourn in the great woods - & our distance from Cobourg will be only 26 miles instead of near 40. This in winter can be travelled in about 4 or 5 hours with great ease. Tom sent 5 men today from this & there were 4 at work before & we expect that tomorrow eveng this long wished for road will be completed - I have now to announce to you another piece of news & through you to my various other friends, - at Clongill etc etc as I am not sure of having time to finish more than this one letter. - Well then be it known to my Friends & the public - that on Sat morng Decr 13th at a quarter before 2 in the morn - the lady of Thos Alexr Stewart, Esqr - produced a fine fat daughter after an illness of about ¾ of an hour!!! And that Mother & babe are going as well as possible - She had a Femme sage of great skill an old Highlander - who staid in the house & who managed both mamma & infant with every care & attention. The most anxious freinds could wish - Tom is to invite Mr McCauley to come to baptise my infant & perhaps may bring him home with him from Cobourg on Friday sennight - I had fixed long that if this child was not a boy, it should be called Harriet or Catharine but since the death of our dear Bessy I requested that this child should be called after her so she is to be Bessy - We are, both just as well pleased that it is a girl, tho' some months ago - I am sure Tom would have much preferred a boy, but now we all love this little Bessy - who has been given to us to fill up the blank left by that dearest & sweetest - I dont see any likeness to her in this one yet - nor to any of our other children - She has a high nose - & is fat & long - This is all I can tell you yet as she is only 5 days old - I hope when I next write to be able to tell you how I like our neighbour Mrs Rubidge, who I am sure will come here very soon, as she has sent me several very civil messages of regret at not having it in her power to come here. Tom spent a night there in the summer & said she was a lady like woman & had been very handsome. I could not resist beginning a letter to send by Tom on Sat. - but you see how prudent I am in having taken a small sheet - so I knew if I began on a long one I could not help finishing it - & it would have tempted me to write too much -

19th Decr. We are once more surrounded by a white world & I suppose we shall not see the ground again till the beginning of April. The snow began about a fortnight ago & tho' we have not had a great deal yet it is enough to give a wintery sameness to every place - I think it is not more than 4 inches deep but probably we shall have some more - There have been some very hard frost - one day the therr was down to 2 & several days it has been down so low as 4 or 6 but I was able to walk out every day before my confinement & without feeling the cold disagreeable - Tom had a long walk made for me with ashes which prevented me from slipping & enabled me to take two or 3 walks every day - as I had no gig or car to shake me this time - shanks mare did just as well. In one of your letters you or Harriet asked how we succeeded in our soap & candle manufacturing. We have succeeded admirably. Our soap is excellent tho' the colour of almost all the homemade soap in this country is very dark which makes it not look as nice as our old country soap, the process is very simple - We first fix a Barrel on a stand - there is a little hole & plug in the bottom of the Barrel; - then some sticks are laid across like bars, in the Barrel & some straw laid loosely on the sticks - then the Barrel is filled up with ashes - which are well pressed down, & made a little hollow in the middle. Water is then poured on as long as they will soak it up - & then completely filled with water, the plug is drawn out & the lye is let to run off into a vessel placed to receive it. when the lye is strong enough to support an egg it is fit for making soap - then some grease is put into a large boiler, & some lye poured - & they are boiled together - as it boils up a little more lye is added, people learn by experience the exact quantity of lye that a given quantity of grease requires - When sufficiently boiled, a quantity of salt (proportioned to the quantity of soap you are to make) is added. This hardens the soap & separates it from the super-abundant lye, which falls to the bottom of the boiler - it is then left till the nest day to cool & harden -- & then it is cut into wedges & laid by in a dry place to grow quite hard. It is fit for use in a month, but the longer it is kept the better; in this way we are constantly supplied with excellent washing soap without any expense but the salt, & that is but a triffle. Our ashes are always ready & the grease is stored up every day - bits of old fat & greasy skin of meat & bones & skimmerings - all are put into the soap & the lye extracts the fat part, while the bones, skins & dirt either come off in the scum or sink to the bottom of the boiler. I have given you this history in length as I know you wish to be acquainted with our "Cottage Economy" here in some further I will tell you about our Making Pumpkin molasses. We have made very good candles too - we only make mold candles as the dipt are not we think, as useful & profitable - & in this country people dont use candles nearly as much as at home, as the fires are so bright that they give quite light enough for many purposes & the Birch & Cedar bark, make a most brilliant blaze which we often use instead of candle-light in the kitchen. The Reids are all very well & Mr R quite recovered from the ague. Their chimneys are at last finished & they are very busy laying their floors. At this season very little work out of doors can go on - so Tom has been carpenter & made me a nice little deal table at which I am now writing. Deal is the only wood we can get at present as our friend Mr Scot the miler never had any nice seasoned timber - & indeed both his saw mill & grist mill are so constantly our of order that they are almost useless. Tom has made some nice frames & benches for the kitchen & airers & horses of all sizes & a good little bed for our workers & several little conveniences - which tho' trifling & homely in appearance add greatly to our comfort. We have bought ½ a dozn common chairs which have been lying at Mrs Bethunes these 2 months waiting a conveyance but I hope to have them when Tom returns & they will give our little room a much nicer air. I assure you we are very happy & very comfortable. Our stock is increasing for Tom is to buy another cow at Cobourg - & our present one will calve in Spring - you see we are growing quite rich [ ] F S

Our road is finished! & Tom goes tomorrow 19th Decr -

[Extracts from F. S.

Douro Decr 18th & 19th 1823

To Mrs E. Waller

Recd March 21st

M.N. No 27]

78-008/1/6 #105

Coburg - Newcastle District

Upper Canada

Saturday 14th December 1822

My dearest Aunt and darling Uncle [Maria]

I am sure you have heard all about us & our proceedings from Clongill & Merrion Street - but you cannot hear from any creature how often I think of you all, nor how sincerely I love you - You may guess how impatiently I watch for the arrival of English mails - but this month has hither to been blank - & no letter we have received since the 5th November - when I had one from dear Kate dated 17th Augt mentioning the intended trip to Cheltenham & also one from Harriet telling of the safe arrival there, & giving so very indifferent an account of our beloved Bess that I am miserable for the next letter from what Harriet said I much fear she was not able to return to Ireland before Winter - it must have been disagreeable as well as inconvenient in every way wintering at Cheltenham-

I dispatched a long letter to Catharine from Montreal. Ditto to Bessy from York - a short letter to Catharine from York - and a long one to Aunt Sue from this all which I hope reached Clongill long ago so of course you know that we have long reason to hope for success in our under-takings here - so far we have succeeded to the full extent of our wishes and expectations - & our prospects look well as far as we can see - there are certain "Settlement duties" such as clearing a stated number of acres - & making roads, which must be done within two years - which (on so large a tract of land) will be rather expensive - but when these are performed - & the Government fees paid, we shall have only our own wants & comforts to satisfy - & I expect to enjoy more comfort than we have had yet since our Marriage - the first two years after Emigration are the worst because of being obliged to but all sorts of provisions - as well as having to build and clear land & pay Govt fees & perform settlement duties - all which are greater in proportion as the number of acres is greater - but we are reasonably well off - for the land is remarkably good - & the situation itself the most wholesome in Canada as well as beautiful it is a new township which is not yet surveyed, & we are the very first settlers in it - but we have neighbours very near us - not any of our own class however nearer than 6 or 7 miles- there are a great many farmers from England & Scotland in the two adjoining townships & there is a Flour Mill & Distillery within three miles of our Loghouse - so that we are not like our curious countryman Col. Talbot 180 miles from any European - I regret that we have not become acquainted with this oddity - but indeed I am rejoiced that we are not settled in his District - which tho' fine land is so far back that I should indeed have felt in banishment - here we are between Kingston and York - & in a very few years a public road will pass close to our land from Kingston to Simcoe - which will be a great advantage to us - there is a constant intercourse between this village & the settlers up there - & we can have frequent opportunities both in summer and winter of receiving letters &c from this place which will be our post town - altho' 35 miles from us - about 6 miles from us there is a family of whom every one speaks with the highest terms - & I expect to have a great deal of pleasure in the society of Mrs Rubidge - every one says she is a most charming woman & a perfect gentelwoman - since our arrival here we have met with great civility & attention from everybody - indeed I never met with kinder or more truly friendly people - Mr McCauley our own clergyman is a most excellent young man - he is Canadian & was educated by Dr Strachan - but went to Oxford to study there & take his degree - & is a very well educated & I believe a clean man but very diffident - he has 5 or 6 young men who live with him as pupils - & he is most active in doing good in every possible way - when Tom & Mr Reid came first here to explore & visit Douro you know poor Tom was taken ill - he was at an uncomfortable inn - but our good friend Mr McCauley sent his waggon for him & had him removed to his house, where he had every comfort & attention that could be - he had a very severe bilious attack with a high fever - & was so ill that the Doctor visited him twice a day for some time but I never heard this till lately as he never told me how ill he had been - he is now perfectly well again & only impatient to get to our own house - but we must wait patiently till the snow comes & till the Sleighing begins as no waggon can run on the roads in their present state - We were to have gone a month ago but we were prevented by poor little Anna Maria's being ill with I believe a worm fever - She is now a great deal better & able to walk out - but looks miserable pale & thin - however I trust the bracing winter weather will bring back her chubby cheeks & strength - Ellen is a going Lioness & as rosy & stout as possible & very bold - Bessy is grown very fat & strong - she can very well when she has anything to hold by - & is very amusing for she imitates everything she either sees done or hears & she is a great coaxer but very passionate - in this little bill of health - I suppose you would be very mad if I did not mention my own ladyship - so I must add to it that I am perfectly well now - & have quite regained my strength - indeed I find the frosty weather agrees remarkably well with me - & I have never yet felt it as cold as I have often been at home - tho' in reality the air is much colder than it ever was in dear little Ireland - this morning the thermometer was down to 8 - & a few days ago it was 10 - between these two days we had some very warm delightful weather - so warm that on the 12th of Decr we breakfasted with the window open - from really finding the room too hot - the weather had been very changeable - all this Autumn & winter & there has been more rain than ever was known before in this country - we have had some snow too - I generally contrive to walk a little every day - & when the roads & fields are too wet I walk up & down our little court by the door - The country about here is very thickly inhabited for three or four miles on every side & there are a great number of half-pay officers both Naval & Military who have brought their families here - so that civilization - is very fast spreading - & this nice little town is increasing in a wonderfully rapid manner - Since we came here in the beginning of Octr 5 houses have been built & are now inhabited - & there are 3 more building now - & in this village which is not larger than your Greta or Gretagh there are three very extensive shops or stores - a post office a Cabinet Maker - Shoemakers tailors - butchers, Smiths Carpenters who all carry on their respective businesses besides we have the Sheriffs & two Inns - & two schools so you see what a busy little spot it must be - We have been visited by two or three families - but as we dont like to hire a Waggon we dont keep up very great intercourse beyond a walking distance - Mr McCauley & Mr & Mrs Henry & Mr Bethune who all live about a mile or a mile & a ½ off are our principal friends & we go there very often & find them friendly and pleasant.

15th Decr Sunday evening - Tom has gone to dine with Mr McCauley who carried him off after church - I was too lazy to accompany him - so here I am seated in my odious little den of a parlour which however is very snug this cold evening - thermometer 12 - but we have got a Stove - which heats the room - delightfully & sitting at the far end of the room we are as warm as near the stove - the heat spreads so equally all over the room - which is not the case with a fire - for at a fire your face may be nearly roasted when your back is freezing - in our kitchen we burn very great fires indeed sometimes - & we keep on a good fire there all night - notwithstanding this one night last week - & last night too indeed water in a pail at the opposite side of the kitchen was frozen over & our kitchen is not more than 10 feet across but we take good care to keep ourselves warm - & we all wear flannel next our skin - How often do we talk of all our friends & how often do I wish to know what you are all doing - If there could be some kind of glass to see how you all go on, how delightful it wd be- but I try to prevent myself from regretting what cannot be helped - & try to look forward with a hope that we may be allowed the happiness of meeting again in four or five years - in the meantime I must turn my mind to the many blessings I enjoy - & be thankful for them - & surely few have more reason to feel grateful to the Almighty than I have - who have so many sources of happiness - & tho' I have been surrounded by adversity in many of our connections, & had had some trials ourselves, yet I cannot say I have met with real misfortune - for even in the midst of these trials I have seen good arise - the greatest trial I connect with was leaving my friends - but I believe in my heart it was the best thing we could do - & I am sure it was a right thing to do & this alone even could reconcile me to it - I must now feel rejoiced for I see every reason to hope that we shall be very comfortable & quite independent - [ ]

& we need not entirely give up Society - for a year or two we may enjoy & amuse ourselves as much as we please - I wish some of your idle boys James or Wm wd come over next summer & pay us a visit. I am sure they would like it & they could give you a good report of us - I almost come to the end of my paper long before I have said half what I want to tell you - but now I must end - as I cannot cross this for I am sure you find it quite hard enough to read without it - Adieu then my dear dear friends give our fond love to your fireside & to Clongill & ever believe me your affecte child & sister - Fras Stewart

[F.S. dated Decr 14 1822

Recd April 23

No 9


Mrs Waller




[Vol. 2]

78-008/1/6 #106

[fragment re "Indians";

no transcription]

78-008/1/6 #107

[to Fanny from S. Noble;

no transcription]

78-008/1/6 #108

[to Fanny, [1823];

no transcription]

78-008/1/6 #109

[to Fanny from her mother, April 11 [1823];

no transcription]

78-008/1/6 #110

[to Fanny from her mother, 1823;

no transcription]

78-008/1/6 #111

[Extracts from Frances Stewart dated Douro, April 5th & 7th 1823; to Mrs Waller;

no transcription]

78-008/1/6 #112

[to my dear children, May 15, 1823;

no transcription]

78-008/1/7 #113

Jany 1 1824

This first day of the year I must write to my beloved Fanny although there is already a large collection of letters prepared for the packet - but I must tell my dear dear friend that I have grieved in my heart for your affliction & thought continually of the agony of my dear Fanny under her first severe affliction - and oh how often I wished that I could be with you & try to console you & to be a companion to you and sympathize with you my most admirable dear Fanny. I pray daily for your comfort & happiness - and this day in particular do I pray that the new year may be one of comfort & health to you - & that chequered as it must be to all of us with affliction or at least anxiety, still I hope the bright part may predominate - and that on the whole you my Fanny may have some comforts & blessings to enjoy. And if sorrow does visit any of us oh may we follow your bright example and submit ourselves to the will of God with that pious & humble Resignation that you do my dear love - nothing can be more touching than your resignation - & your letters. - It is the will of God that You should be tried in the fire of Adversity - He knows what you are able to bear & that as God is purified by fire so your excellences will be made more steady & more beautiful both for your own eternal happiness & for the advantage of all who will imitate you - my sweet child if I could but know that you are well & that you have borne up under your affliction I should be happy - if I was but sure that you would be at Cobourg & near a skillful person at the time of your confinement it would be the greatest relief to my anxiety - but you must not scold me for being anxious or fanciful - for indeed I keep down all those foolish things & have very few fanciful anxieties about you, indeed dear - only just were I sure of your being at Cobourg I should be quite happy

I could fill this sheet in telling you how much I lament your loss - but it would be wrong not to try & amuse your mind with other ideas than those which of all your efforts you have dwelt on so much - in your lonely abode where so little occurs to divide your attention. - And long before this reaches you you will I trust in God be the happy Mother of a little interesting baby who will occupy all your cares & thoughts & will soon endear itself to you - & from its being born in winter in your country you have the better grounds to hope that it will be strong & able to endure the opposite temperatures of your country. Every day I regret something that I neglected to send you in the box - Arrow root - & a sucking bottle for the child I wish particularly had gone - Though indeed I am in dispair about the box & very much inclined to fear that you will never have it.

Bess has written such a letter to you that I am sure she has left little for me to say or tell you - except as to her health which continues good in spite of the winter - & though the Abscess has been for some weeks entirely closed & all discharge has ceased - I suppose the ever flowing bile has gone some other way - She has had a slight cold but does not signify, & she walks a good deal every tolerable day - indeed too much, for she tires herself - in general her spirits are good - & we have on the whole got very well through I may say half the winter months - As to winter weather we have scarcely had any except storms - This day is very wet & there is a violent storm, & we are engaged to go in the evening to Liss Letablue - The Christmas has been too warm & damp - & I believe the season is rather unhealthy - on Christmas day the Termr was 56 at eleven oclock - & Sunday the 28th it was 55 at four oclock in the day - This will give you an idea of the mildness that we have hitherto enjoyed - Anne returned a week before Christmas - & is re-instated in her own bed - & I have once more established myself in my own room - where I feel come-times very desolate without a companion - & more than ever feel the want of my own dear Child. - When I look on your little empty bed & think how far you are from me - & when I think of all my comforts there - my tables & curtains & luxuries - & picture myself in your desolate forest - the wind blowing in at every chink - & so many discomforts that you never complain of but that I know you have - I feel shamed of all my enjoyments & I feel my heart sink within me at the idea of the cold & dreary winter you are suffering, you who were cherished in ease & comfort - & for whom I would give up mine were it possible

Your account of Mr Fetherstones handsome donation for the Douro Church delighted us all - I am happy to say several subscriptions have been collected here exclusively for the Douro Church - The Mathias have got near £40. The Suttons have got some too - & I hope besides our own little subscriptions to be able to collect some so that by the time your uncle Sutton sends you his next remittance, I think we shall have a good sum to add to it - pray do not stint it in size for I hope you will have enough to accomplish it with the help of the Society. - As to your commissions you may depend on my doing them for you in time this year, & sending out the box early enough to be sure of its getting in time - & if your next letter comes in & that there any more commissions in them I dare say I shall have quite time enough - I sent you two three bits of palm Soap in the box - I wish you had them.

My dear Fanny do not think I have been unmindful of what you said about the fees - & applying to Ly Bathurst - Maria never misses an opportunity of exerting herself for her friends - & without being asked to do it she wrote to Lady B - months have passed without any answers - & as I foresaw from the delay, that it would be unfavourable - I did not like to give you misery of suspence - The answer is come at last, & is as I feared - Ly Bathurst says she did not take even the 2d refusal - but insisted on a minute investigation to find even a loop-hole wh might be made into a precedent - but all in vain - it never has been the case that fees were remitted and I fancy what has caused your mistake was, that half pay officers are allowed so many hundred acres according to their rank, without fees - but it is only half pay officers - Ly Bs latter is really very good natured. Maria in her enthusiasm of kindness asked me if there was anything else she could solicit for you - but I told her I did not at present know of anything but wd boldly apply to her when I do - I expressed much gratitude wh indeed I feel for her promptness of her exertion for you - & she says in reply - "Maria says you are the most grateful person she ever met with but one & that she thinks you are too much obliged to her for doing what is a great pleasure to herself - for she loves poor dear Fanny Stewart for her own sake as well as because she belongs to you - & she loves her still more for her merit wh has shone out in all her trials, brighter & brighter" - All your Etown friends deeply feel for you my dear in any trial. Poor Lucy has been better for this fortnight & suffered less pain. Honora broke one of her miserable front teeth - & went directly to Francis & Alicia - she travelled in the Litchfield coach with only a servant to attend her - The dentist filed in three of the front teeth & pivoted in new ones - it was done in 4 ½ hours & less painful than she expected - Just as she was well - Sneyd arrived & carried her home to B. Lodge - she wd rather have staid a fortnight longer with F & Alicia who were extremely kind to her. Aunt Mary is pretty well - but suffers from a pain in the joint at the back of the neck, from stooping they say - Sophy R is in much better health than ever was she was in Town in Octr & I am in hopes will get thro the winter well

She has a cure for the dysentry wh never has failed with her - but it is odious - it is manure of a pig melted down in Beer - She has tried it when the patient was quite given over and always succeeded - I asked her for the proportions but have not got them. She wrote me a very kind note full of tenderness about you

Dear Fanny tell me if you feel storms much in your abode - I think it must roar through the boundless forest, in a tremendous & awful manner - my thoughts often dwell on you & your Forest

My dearest Fanny adieu - you have the kindest love of my Mother & Louisa - & of the Hamiltons who love you warmly - and I am evermore your attached friend & Mother & Moone

H Beaufort

Sidney Fortescue continues well & was able to walk 2 miles the other day

Mrs Stewart & Mathias & Alec all well - Anne & I were at Mrs Hannas Examn which gratified her

78-008/1/7 #114

F S continued Feb 1824

[ ] Here every Monday to wash - So you see I am very well off - only that I feel it very awkward to make poor little Mary do all Betty's work - & I know it must be very inconvenient to Maria to give her to me - it must continue too so many months, before any of your little girls can be sent to me - but both Mr Reid & Maria are very good natured - & assure me they are really glad Mary should be here. She cooks & cleans the kitchen, & washes all the eating utensils - I bake & make the beds & sweep the 2 rooms, wh my care of the little bantling & my constant supply of Needlework, fill up every moment of my day, & at this moment I am sitting up waiting for my bread to be baked, & taking advantage of the silent midnight hour to write to you my dear - I generally read while I am nursing the child, the only time I now have to read - some times I get a good deal of time for this indulgence - as she had not yet taken any other nourishment than what I can offord her, & consequently sucks pretty often. I have plenty of milk & she thrives finely upon it, & is strong & fat, & sleeps very well in general. She has been my bedfellow since her birth - & I have taken the entire care of her since she was a week old - it seemed very odd to me at first - & trembled every day when I was washing and dressing such a tiny creature, but now I am become quite expert, & I am very proud of my child, for she is firm & strong & very lively - which is proof of her having a good nurse; she was vaccinated on Sunday when our little Dr paid us a visit - he improves on acquaintance very much & we like him better every time we see him. Now I have told you truly all I do & you must not be uneasy about me, for I do nothing that can hurt or fatigue me & constant occupation is good for me. The Boy whom we brought with us was bad & idle & impudent - & at last ran away - but in a month he came back, & is now much better, & improved in many ways. He carries all the water for cooking & washing - cleans the pots ec ec & makes up the fires - & when we want assistance in lifting any heavy thing, he & his master are always near & always willing to help us.

My dear friends every day I find more & more how useful all your nice present s are to me - I did not half thank you for that chest full of treasures, & every thing was, & is, & will be useful & agreable - The long cloth& gingham were just in time for the young stranger who has frocks of the pink gingham & shifts of the long cloth. - Tom admires my Bombazine & stuff very much - you thought of so many little things you dear friends. Even the linen covering of the box, & the linen which was laid inside & which preserved all so well from damp, was very useful as it made some strong rubbers - & good rubbering of any sort of linen or Calico are not to be had near this or in Cobourg - Ah my dear friends how kindly you recollect every thing - even the nice little box which contains the cotton is an indulgence of one of my foibles as know my old love for boxes or baskets of all sizes.

The books are a wonderful comfort not only to us but to many others - Mr Rubidge & Dr Hutchison have borrowed many of them -

Wedy night Feby 5 ¼ before 12 - T A S goes tomorrow & will take this. I wrote the former part of it when I was nearly asleep - I fear the substance will not make amends for the trouble of reading.

Our winter has on the whole been remarkably mild so far - We have had very cold nights once or twice - but till within this week nothing like last winter - & have had a great deal of thawing weather, very unusual here - & not so pleasant I think as the clear frosty weather - however I think we shall have it really Canadian - for the Thermr has not been many degrees above zero this week - & is now 16 below it - but the days are sunny & pleasant & we have fine fires. We have got two cows, both to calve so we shall have plenty of milk & butter in Spring - There is no danger of our being exposed to the miseries described by Capt Franklin in this "most deplorable of all climates" as he calls it - I envy you all those interesting books - & having time to read them. Oh I am become a famous Tailor - I have just made up a nice pair of Frize pantaloons for Tom - & I am to make him a waistcoat of the same material - & I think he will then be a complete Paddy Hart - he is so fond of this frize that he is determined to have a whole suit - & it is very comfortable in this climate - I think next year we must try to get out a piece or two & also some good linen sheeting & blankets if possible - I must now bid you Good night you all my ever dearly loved Mammas, prays your own old child

F Stewart

78-008/1/7 #115

March 20th 1824

My dearest Fanny

We have been for this long time most particularly anxious for letters from you, & I think the longest stop we ever had was unfortunately just at the time we most wished to hear. We saw the account of one Vessel obliged to put into Gaspian Bay for the Winter another lost off Newfoundland just as we feared our treasures had gone to the bottom, letters have begun to pour in. Yours to Maria, begun Holy Eve, arrived here the 10th of March, we just gobbled it up & ordered a Boy to set out to Clongill, rolled it up & wrote on the outside "Good news, letter from Fanny". Back came the messenger, on the outside of the packet he brought was written "Better news still". And behold there was a real treasure, a copy of your letter with an account of the birth of your dear child, but my dear, we really could hardly help laughing at your beginning your letter so composed telling of common occurances, & then nearly at the bottom of the page, comes a paragraph of how the lady of T A Stewart Esq had a Daughter! Really it put me in mind of a history of some travellers in some hot country, who missed one of their females for an hour, but she came up at last with a Bairn in her arms, whose birth had delayed her. Well to be serious, we are all most thankful to Providence that has given you the great blessing of being so well on such occassions; a blessing so peculiarly desirable in a distant Country, far from Medical advice or the numerous friends & attendants that might be commanded at home. I thought that event was not to have taken place so soon, & Maria & I had been making up a very few little things for the dear Stranger, but tho' I did make them for a child of some months old, I begin to fear they will be rather small now. However they must just go, for Harriet is making up her box now, & I have an opportunity of sending to Dublin; if I lost this I might not have another I also made two caps for your little maid, as I thought perhaps it might please the poor creature to be remembered by any one far off, & I do feel much interested about her, & wish I was able to get any thing better for her. I hope you may succeed in having another sent out to help you: people are unwilling to part with their children, as they suppose they shall never see them again, therefore I think some friendless young Person, or Orphan would be the only chance. In my small parcel, is a cap which did belong to John, & he wore it two or three times. I hope you will excuse my sending that, it is useless here, & perhaps may not be quite so to you. It has pretty work on it, done by myself, so will be a little sort of keepsake & if she could but have had it for a Christening cap, perhaps her dear Mother might have thought it became her, & that would have been quite enough. Mun once lately was at home in vacation & stayed a good while with sore eyes, so he could not read, & he began knitting a pair of little Stockes for you my dear. Aunt Sue who was here at the time proposed he & she engaging in a joint piece of work, a blanket, for which she had the worsted, & he did a great deal of it, & when he went to school she finished it. We hope your dear babe will sleep particularly well when that is laid over her. I hope all our letters have arrived safe to you. I suppose they will all come together about this time. I have my poor John at home again, with the Hooping Cough, which tho' he has it very favourably, has weakened him much, because he had so much illness this year. Only he is very clever, & very diligent, he could never get thro' school, he has so many interruptions. We cannot find out how he got this complaint for no other boy at School had it. Maria never has had it & we sent her for one week to Clongill, & now she is in the House, but kept out of the room from him & I have no doubt but that she will be very safe, I have so often seen people in the House, & not take that complaint. If she does, however, it will be well over. I suppose you will be free from all those vile infectious disorders. I hope you will be able however to get Cow Pock infection. I would never neglect that; particularly, as you could do it yourself, if you had infection. I think it is best taken on points on quills. I got it from Engd for Maria who had it most completely indeed on small pointed quills, rolled in bladder, & was desired to have the skin of her arm cut with as little bloodshed as possible, & the quills rubbed up & down under the skin.

I cannot feel pleased at your sitting up writting at a table only five days after the birth of your child, & that you had written a few lines in bed it would have been all that prudence would permit, & certainly I have known such terrible illness proceed from cold taken after confinements, that I never feel satisfied at my friends running any risks. - Of course Harriet has told you of Sophy's marriage & how she bought such beautiful things for her, & how every one likes Mr Barry Fox, etc We have a suspicion that Mary Jane Bo[ ] is to be married to an Officer that is quartered near Clovis of Mr Nicholl, but indeed it is hardly right to mention it, for it may not be true, so say nothing of it in any letter, & if it is to be you will hear of course. I hope, my dearest dear friend that this dear child may be a comfort & blessing to you & keep your mind occupied, & far from any melancholy ideas. It is delightful to hear of the improvements you are making to your comforts & convenience every day, your crops doing so well ec ec. The account of soap making was very curious indeed. I suppose you have men to help in that business. Adieu, my beloved Fanny, this letter probably will not reach you till several post letters have gone first, that will come to you sooner. Believe me with the truest affection Ever & Ever yr conscience & fond Aunt & Mother Maria Waller Affectn love from all here to dear Tom & the bairns

April 2d I had no opportunity of sending this out the time I wrote the first part, so I can tell you that my dear John is mending fast, rides out every day, & does not whoop at present only coughs like a severe cold, & that not often. I think a patent medicine, Boches Embrocation, was of more use than any thing, but he had it very favourable; all the rest of us are well. Robt very happy at Kinsegard, his Church ready to be consecrated whenever the Bp pleases, School House built, & a very handsome one, & well attended by 70 scholars! Luckily the Priest is an old man & a farmer & takes things quietly, or that would not be, for they not only read the Bible, but are examined in it. Think what a crime & yet escape punishment! Our little School here is very flourishing & Mrs Wildman, stout still, tho' 84. Maria has all those scholars very tolerably instructed, tho' we dare not absolutely give the Scripture to be read by the Holy Romans.

I have added to my small bundle two aprons for Betty, of a course Linen that our people here are very fond of wearing instead of check, sometimes. Not knowing her size I left the bottoms not hemmed. I wish I had materials for better articles than those sent, my dear. I shall be most anxious to hear about your Church, & if the Clergy man is certainly going [ ] as you hoped. I am sure Kate has told you of our dear Mrs Pakenham being well & having another Son. You never saw any Being more interested about you than she is & longs to see you. Adieu my dearest. God bless you all


M Waller

78-008/1/7 #116

Clongill April 25, 1824

As the time for dispatch of the Canadian packet draws near I sit down with delight to chat to my love & dearest of Sisters, tho' I have not quite wakened after the Clongill Hunt Ball which took place two nights ago - & ever since we have been in a fuss with morning visitors - But to begin in proper order - 3 of the Kirkpatricks viz Anna, Mary & Alexander to whom the members had given tickets accompanied us on Wednesday night to Kells when two hundred & 30 precious souls assembled at 11 oClock when Lord Bectine & Miss Alexander led off with the "Fox Hunters Jig" & then we quadrilled on & on & on until 5 oClock in the morning only stopping for supper Numbers of strangers were there amongst them your old acquaintance Bessy Dallas to whom I was introduced - She is a pleasing mannered gentlewomanlike person, but looks a little affected - at least so the Lords of the Creation said - There were two very nice little Mis Mitchells greatly admired - their mother had been a Miss Blundell, & their father was or is, brother to your friend Mr Blaney Mitchell - Lady Bectine looked most lovely, really one could not help staring at her. but her beauty seems to be every thing. Mrs Colonel Blacker, & her very nice pleasant looking sister Miss Ferguson came with the Alexanders - Mr Reynel, Mr John Wynne, & Mr J Thompson of Rathnally came with the Allenstowns - Several of our own County people were obliged to stay away for different caises - Mrs Tisdall because she had a 10th child a few days before - The Garnetts because Charlotte was not well - Richard Rothwell & the Ardee Ruxtons because young Mr Upton, their cousin had died the day before, Mrs Arthur Pollack because she has been very ill for the last month - & the Wilsons were in Dublin. - It was a very pleasant Ball indeed & nothing could be kinder or more attractive than all the Gentlemen of the Hunt from "The Deacon my Father" down to the youngest - Next morning we all slept till twelve then as soon as breakfast was over up drove two Gigs - Mr Reynell & William Waller, in one - Mr Wynne & Mr Thompson in the other - They were all very pleasant & we had a fine chat about the Ball. Both Mr Reynell & Wynne are extremely pleasant & amiable young Men, with out any conceit or Dandyism - & Thompson is just middling as to that. Mr Renell is of Killyman, & Mr Wynne is son to Mr Henry Wynne, & nephew to the great Owen Wynne, - Well, they staid for two hours & half & we were addled & sleepy for the rest of the day - Next day yesterday, up drove our dear favorite Mr Pakenham & Miss Alexandra Bessy & I went on to Mountainstown with Miss A to pay a visit - When we returned we found Richard Rothwell here, & then up rode the Archdeacon & Mr Booth - the Curate of Kells - so I think we have been in a fuss & now is the only quiet time I can get for my love & heart's darling my own Fanny. Miss Eliza Alexander is still abroad with the Staple's - & enjoying it all as much as possible - Miss A: very kindly let us one of her Journal letters - a delightful one - begun at Calais, & ended at the Hague - It was written just as she speaks, which is with great energy & Liveliness - & she seems to have excellent use of her eyes, & superior understanding - they went to Brussels to see Lady Clomenty, who is a sister to Mr Staple's, visited the field of Waterloo from that, & walked all over it notwithstanding desperate rain, which Eliza said she did not regret as it made it more like the Glorious day & she picked up a Bullet - They had a weary walk thro' the ploughed field of Waterloo & she says that "Waterloo Mud is not one bit better or pleasanter than Irish" - They went to the Hague to visit Lady Ormonde, another sister of Mr Staples's where they were to spend a fortnight. She says all the young Ladies at the Hague, at parties Whist & whoever does not know this game has a most defective Education -

Sophy Fox was at Black Castle for a few days on her way to Dublin & to England, but we did not know she had been there until after she had gone for which we were sorry as we should like to have seen her, & her Caro - I hear she is in great beauty now, & that Captn Fox is a Dandy in figure, but pleasing in Manner -

26th A note came yesterday from Mrs Tisdall, to beg of Aunts Sutton & Susan to stand sponsors for her little girl which is to be called Charlotte after Mrs Guise, so I suppose we are to have a grand christening some day this week - Oh Fanny I'd give any thing you know my sweetest of Mrs Pakenham's - She is one of those people that make me in love with goodness - She seems to be amiable & religious in her heart & soul - she is such a treasure in this country, & such a pleasure to Maria Noble of whom she sees a great deal - John is well as to the Hooping Cough, but it has left a weakness, which makes us all rather uneasy, but I trust that as the weather improves he will gain strength - Poor Mrs Netterville Gerrard still has her big before, but no more sign of her getting rid of it then she had 4 months ago when she first reported it. It is the subject of discussion at all the Meetings in this county let them be about Roads or Sessions or what, no matter, poor Mrs G furnishes conversation at all - It must be very distressing - I met a nice girl at the Ball Miss Thomasina Jephson - a cousin of Emily's - She told me that poor Emily has lost her old Grandmother & is come to Ireland to live with her Uncle - some Mr Smith of the South. This was all she could tell me about her - The Nicholsons are all in Dublin still - John & Christopher & William Somerville all going to the Continent again & Christopher going into the Army as soon as he can get a Commission - the rest of the family are going to Cheltenham for the health of both Anna Maria & little Gilbert who are both billious. The Suttons speak of going also this year - & the Bishop's people also, there will be a fine jolly gathering of Irish there this year. Poor Mrs Montray is coming over next week to the Archdeacon's.

Murtagh is going to meet her. His attention & kindness to her has raised him in the opinion of every one I think, but [ ] none but a sausage could be any thing else to her. The poor A:D: looks very ill, & his teeth all seem to be loose & are dancing Quadrilles in his mouth. - I think the Archdeaconry is likely to go without a Mistress in his time at all events, for if all the on dits are true, he has been unfortunate in his applications to the fair Sex. 1824 is to be the most marrying year that has ever come yet. I never knew of so many weddings as are & are to be this year - since old Allitia Maria Smythe of Barbaville is going to be married amongst the rest to some Mr Hale - this is Ball news - her brother Tiger Smythe was there & he looks very old & weatherbeatten, but he is a great beau, & great partner of Bessy Sutton's - It is said that Mr & Mrs J Gibbons are only so so, as to happiness, that neither of them was liked the others but that Mrs Berry persuaded them both, that they were just the thing for each other & never rested until she made them marry - Alicia's health is very delicate, & she & he are very bad for an heir & they cannot have one -

26 There have been several robberies in this country of late - only think of poor Mr & Mrs Wenty Shields, last week robbers got into their house, & into their own bed-room where they were both in bed, & took away their keys & opened their drawers & took several things & neither one nor t'other knew a word of it till next morning, when Mr Shields discovered that he had - no brushes, &c &c &c to put on! - It really was ridiculus - Ever so much plate and other things were taken also, - The Suttons are to go to Coolmine next week, & we suppose to Allenstown, where I have not been staying since Christmas - Robert Noble was at home for the Ball, & is just the same looking kind of little fellow as when you saw him - . Mun has taken a great fit of growing, but his eyes are very delicate & he is poor looking, but very good excellent little fellow. James is greatly improved & he is such an unaffected light hearted young man & at the same time so steady & prudent, that every one must like him - he is much more popular than William, who is getting quite the same dapper look of an old Batchelor, I think - I never saw Maria look so well as she did the other night at the ball - She nicely dressed, & in great spirits for her. Her manner is getting much more free & disengaged in her manner to Gentlemen than she used to be which is a great advantage. There is a glorious puff in to days paper about the ball which I will copy here for you as it is about your own old people. We suspect that the Archdeacon is the Author. See how grand we are.

"Clongill Hunt"

The Gentlemen of the Clongill Hunt entertained their numerous friends with a splendid Ball & Supper at Kells on Wednesday last. The rooms, which were brilliantly illuminated were most tastefully & elegantly fitted up & ornamented with a variety of beautiful plants & flowers; & in the Orchestra which represented an Alcove, the trees & shrubs which composed it were so judicially arranged that they really appeared growing on the spot. The rooms were thrown open at 9 oClock & before 11 they contained all the rank beauty & fashions of the Counties of Meath Westmeath Louth & Cavan. The Company were received at the door by the Stewards, & ushered into the Ball-room which had a most pleasing & novel effect. Quadrills commenced at 11 & were continued with encreasing spirit until two oClock when the Supper rooms were thrown open. The Supper (by Mr Kearns of the Kildare St Club) was in his very best style & laid for 250 - it consisted of every delicy & luxury it was possible to procure - the Wines were of the very first vintage & quality, & the Ices & ornamental confectionary, by Mr Nunnay gave the toute ensemble a magnificent effect - After supper the merry dance was resumed & continued unabated vigor until 6 oClock when tea, Coffee &c was handed round. Nothing could exceed the harmony & splendour of the entire entertainment - The Stewards seemed to vie with each other in their attentions to their numerous friends & the company separated at a very early hour delighted with the evening & wishing that the members of the Hunt might enjoy many good seasons - have plenty of Foxes - & that the hounds should continue to maintain that character in the sporting world which they have merited. - !!! [ ]

They should not have left out Miss Alexander & her Fox-hunter Jig - Now Mia Cara I'm sure you are tired of Balls. Neither Aunt Susan or Bessy will write this time they say but Aunt Susan bids me tell you with her blessing & love that she sent up £3..14..0 to Harriet to lay out in whatever she thought would be most acceptable to you & Tom, & she hopes you will like it (whatever it may be) for her sake. -

My hand is quite tired & this maun sang to day as it will be too late - so my dearest with love love love & blessing & kisses to you & Tom & the 3 darlings ever & ever & ever love your truly fond & affectionate sister

C Browne

Write & write as often & as particular, & as long letters as ever you can dear dear love -

My dearest Fanny. My epistles to you are always about money matters, as bad as if I was a Merchant, & you my mercantile correspondent; but Sutton thinks it necessary to have the subject mentioned in every letter for fear of delay as to the bills arrival. Mr Blacker's business is not yet finally arranged, nor does he choose to pay your interest till the principal sum is also paid, but Sutton fearing it might put our dear Tom to inconvenience, if the May mail went without your money, had it happily in his power to advance it. He has written to Tom, enclosing the bill which Alexr K was to negociate through your friend Johnson and I hope you will receive it along with this letter, & lose no time in acknowledging its arrival. £25 of the money went from your Meath friends to help the Douro Church, & Bess Waller gave Alexander their little collection & add to it: but the particulars are all in the letter to Tom. We are beginning to sigh for more news of you, for we have heard nothing of you since the letter to Harriet announcing the birth of the dear babe. to return to money matters, which I am afraid of neglecting, it was given to Harriet for you, & we have all put some triffle into her box to remind you of us. I pray Heaven to continue to bless you & your dear children all your hopes can anticipate. Adieu my most beloved Fanny faithfully your friend. M S

78-008/1/7 #117

Clongill Rectory June 20th 1824.

Well my dearest dear, the greatest & I hope the happiest event in our dear sister Bessy's life has taken place - Last Thursday the 17th was her day & there is every chance of its being a blessed one to them both, for dear Richard seems to be every thing that heart could wish, he is a kind & tender, cheerful & unaffected, in his manner, & is so sensible & reasonable, sweet tempered & religious, that her ticket in the grand lottery, must prove a prize. We have known Richard a long time, & for the last two years, I have wished with all my heart that he might one day become the dearest friend of my dear Bessy, & I had settled it all so regularly in my own mind that he would one day be the husband of Bessy, that had either of them chosen otherwise, I should have seen the downfall of my Castle, with very great disgruntlement. Well I suppose I must give you the length & breadth of the day Grandiose order. Mrs Kirkpatrick & Alex-gander dear Anne, & Miss Catherine, came here on Wednesday evening - & next morning we eat our own good private breakfast at 9 oClock, before the Philistines came upon us - The poor little bride-elect looked very pale, & was very easy about her breakfast, - & then we went to dress - & then the Wallers came & brought Mrs Packenham who was staying in Allenstown - Every one else assembled at Kilshine Church, the "every one" was Mr & Mrs R Rothwell of Berford, the Arch Hall & Summerseat Garnetts, Mr & Mrs James Butler, 2 Miss Radcliffs sisters to Mrs R Rothwell, Mr Charles Rothwell, old Mrs Pollock & Mrs Arthur - The two latter were obliged to be axed because of propriety. The Church was justily ornamented with Roses & White Lichnades, (the last of the Sextoness) & every one & every thing looked nice & clean - Uncle Sims was the operator & was nervous enough. Both Richard & Bessy answered most distinctly, & there were only very few tears shed, & most of these were by poor Charlotte Garnett, who is expecting to be principal performer in a like ceremony soon - Bessy was agitated, but did not tremble half as much as you did in St Peter's, one fine frosty 17th December, where I am sure you were not cold, - Bessy's dress was a rich figured Silk gown & bonnet of the same material, with a lovely plume of feathers & indeed she looked extremely well & very pretty also - After all was over we all trundled off home here & sat down to a grand sort of luncheon breakfast. There were two long tables, one for the Married folk, the other for the Bachelors & Spinsters, in the middle of the first table sat the magnificient Cake on a silver Salver. After breakfast the Cake was cut, & the Gloves distributed, & I hear I performed my Character of Bridesmaid to admiration, & thus us had such cutting of cake, & Ribbons, & sticking of pins - Oh la! & Oh dear & O my Gracious! At about 3 oClock, the people were all fairly off & then we had time to subside a wee bit & pud dud the bride who was to go to her ain house in the evening, accompanied by kind sweet good little Isabella Butler, who had disposed of her Caro at Arch-Hall, for that night & another. Sun or Moon did not see Bessy until Saturday evening, when just as we were sitting down to tea, up drove the Carriage, & here she is, & here he is, & here they are to stay, & accompany us to England - for which place we are to set out on Wednesday next the 23d please god - All the gither as my dear little Anna Maria used to say - We are to go via Liverpool, see all its Lions go on then to Buxton see the Wonders of the Peak & proceed to Leamington where we are to stay if the Waters agree with Uncle Sutton as well Cheltenham - if not, why we shall go there - bag & baggage. - Leamington is a lovely neighborhood within 2 miles of Warwick Castle & 4 of Kennilworth. - I suppose please God I shall be able to give a full history of them in my next letter -

22d June - I am now writing in the midst of most grand confusion, every one packing & Tormy very busy taking down the Curtains - I will write however thro thick & thin & finish this at Coolmine where we are to go tomorrow, & sail on Friday for Liverpool - The Nicholsons called that way about a fortnight ago, & were enchanted with it. - they are now at Cheltenham, so are the Alexanders & this all right you know, for John may now conveniently make up his matters with Eliza A: - I should be sorry that She gave herself to so uncertain & unsteady a being. - You say in your last letter that it is curious I should now be so well acquainted with your likeness Mrs Robert Alexander, by my dear, all the time, I never have seen or spoken to her since we both met her at Wilmont. She has only paid one visit at Ardbraccan for about 10 days, & during that time one of our horses were lame, so we cold not go see her, & she was nursing & could not go long drives, but the pleasant looking Archdeacon of Down came here, & spoke of you & Tom a great deal - He is grown very large & bids fair to arrive at his father's size - He spoke of the Johnsons of Ballymacash particularly of your old protege & my old friend Matthew who he says is a very fine young man, & excessively improved - Our poor dear little Mun Noble, who I told you in my last had been brought home from school very ill - Well the poor dear fellow still continues in a most precarious state, tho' Byron says he thinks he may set over this attack, yet his Constitution is so very very delicate, that he has great fear for him - He is a very interesting sweet boy, & I trust may be spared - He is grown very tall suddenly which I fear is a bad sign - My dear dear precious Aunt Susan is to stay at Allenstown, at least to make it her headquarters during our absence, but Mrs Young Mrs Tisdall, & Mrs Kirkpatrick have all begged for a little of her company - I never knew so popular a person as she is with grave & gay & young & old - Your two little maidens the McVities are to go to town on Friday next poor things to prepare for their long Voyage, I shall be so anxious until I hear they are safe at Quebec, & then safe at Douro - they wish very much themselves to go, & are prepared to like their new Master & Mistress. -

[ ] John Brinkley is going to be married directly, to some Miss Stevens, of the Achoss questionless - but really I dont know what Miss Stevens, but so it is, or is to be. My dear dear Fanny I must leave this letter now with Bessy to add to & it must go to Harriet tomorrow without fail - I wanted the dear Mamsey to write a line but she says to give you Tom, & the Children, her love & blessing, & to tell you she will write next time - Bessy is going to an Hotel in Dublin with her Caro, she will not face the dozens of cousins at Coolmine until her return from Engd - God bless you all my loves prays your affectionate sister

C Browne

Gresham's Hotel Sackville Street

June 24, 1824

My ever loved & dearest Fanny, Only think of your old friend Bessy having become an old grand Matron since she wrote to you last! Little did she then think that as Bessy Sutton, it was the last time she would ever address you! Ah dear Fan, I cannot tell you how deeply I felt the part of your last letter to Kate, in which you speak of me & Mr F you say "whenever she does make a choice, may she draw a prize in that Lottery!" When that letter came, my choice was made & I trust in God's goodness that your prayers may have been heard, my kind sister, & that I may have indeed drawn a prize in this the most important event of my life. As far as human eyes can see, I do think that no one ever began life with brighter prospects & as every day develops some amiable trait in the character of my dear Benedict which till now lay hid, I cannot help wondering at my own good fortune, & blessing the kind Providence that directed me to such a choice. I do not believe that any affair of the kind was ever so easily settled before - not a dissenting voice on either side, & all concluded in little more than six weeks from the day the important question was asked! One cause for thankfulness I am sure my own darling Fanny will sympathize in, & that is that I am still to have the blessing of my beloved Mamma's example & advice & still continue under the dear maternal wing, though removed a wee bit from the parent nest. As dear Harriet said the other day in a letter, "Mary M has not lost a daughter, but gained a son." & a kind, affectionate, warm hearted son I am sure he will prove to both parents. - For a very long time this business has been in his head. I will not say heart, & many people suspected it, nay settled all about it, before I dreamt of such a thing, or he had spoken a word. - I wish Charlotte Garnett's little affair with William Roper was as happily settled, as there have been many little unpleasant delays & puts off, but they I hope are all at an end, & I think her knot will be tied early in August which will probably bring us home before the rest of the party, as my Good Man is Trustee to her marriage Settlements, & it will be necessary for him to be present at the gluing. I think we shall have a delightful excursion if weather & all other things favor us as much as usual - I have long wished to see the beauties of Derbyshire & shall now enjoy them doubly, having got a second self to enjoy them with now. Tomorrow evening the miseries of the passage begin, & I trust that some time in the course of Saturday morning we shall reach Liverpool, there to remain a day or two to recruit, & see the many Lions of that flourishing city. Though I am here in cog. I could not help taking a peep at my dear Merion St friends today, who have shewn the kindest interest in all my little concerns - I never saw them looking better, & as for Harriet she looked quite beautiful, her dear little kind face lit up with benevolent pleasure, at seeing all our happy looks. - Aunt Bess seemed extremely well & in good spirits, & as for Aunt Beaufort she is quite a miracle - so alert, so cheerful. so gay, & her faculties all so surprisingly perfect for her time of life. - I am sure you will be sorry to receive so bad an account of poor dear Mun Noble as this letter contains - Indeed I greatly fear there is very little hope of his recovery, & a sad sad blow it will be to his fond family to lose him, though they have all been making up their minds for the separation for some time, particularly his poor mother, who never indulged in any false hopes about him, or placed much dependence on his frequent & transitory amendments. Yet still when Death comes, it is always awful, though in his case it is disarmed of many of its terrors from the uniformly Religious turn of his mind. Poor dear affectionate Maria has suffered greatly about him, & looks ill & anxious - I trust her precious health may not be injured by the close confinement - She is a dear kind little affectionate love, & is in great delight at all that has happened, my Caro having always been a favorite with her, & for a long time the person she had laid out for me. Oh dear Fan, how you would love my dear sister Isabella if you knew her many excellencies! Every time I see her I am more & more convinced of her real worth, & of the blessing her friendship & affection will be to me - She spent two days with me at Rockfield, & a dearer or kinder little sister never was anyone blessed with. - I like my new abode very much - the house is most comfortable, & the garden without exception the prettiest in the whole Co. of Meath. Richard is extremely fond of it, & has spared no pains in rendering it both useful and ornamental. - My dearest Fanny I must stop scribbling now, & you will say it is full time, for I have tormented you long enough with my nonsense - You will however excuse my head & heart being occupied too much with one subject to write or think much on any other. Give my most affectionate love to my dear Tom, to my darling A M & Elly, & a kiss to my own little namesake Bessy - Will you soon let me have the inexpressible happiness of a letter to my ain self from your dear paw?

God bless you & all you love prays yr fond & affecte sister

E Rothwell

from M S

I must add a line to say God bless my own dearest Fanny: My Bessy is as happy as fond affection can make her, and I know you & my dear Tom will add your blessing to that of her other friends. The Mary which takes out your girls, takes in its Shipletter bag, an epistle from Sutton to Tom, enclosing a triplicate of the bill which went by the mail of Novr. The copy by that of December - God grant it may have reached you safe. it also encloses a copy of the bill for 76 add. which went by the mail of the first of June 1824. We all long for further accounts & pray you to write often - Heaven bless my Fanny & her dear Husband & children

prays your ever affectn


Addressed to

Mrs Thomas A. Stewart

Villa Nova Douro

78-008/1/7 #118

Drumcondra Terrace Oct 26 - 1824

My dear Loves

As I have a great deal to say I take a large sheet of paper - & yet perhaps I may find before I have finished that all my stock is cut - however as much of my letter will be filled with questions - & an empty brain can ask them possibly I may to the end of this great sheet - I do not know whether you have yet heard of our dear Mothers indisposition - which precludes her from writing to you - it has now continued for so long a time that I think some one must have mentioned it to you - she had a paralytic stroke the end of last June - but she is now sweetly tempered, but gradually growing weaker - her mind has greatly wandered - but does not now except occasionally I wrote to you soon after this occurred - but the letter is still in my writing desk - as I found Mr Mangin was in England & I could not get a frank - you may suppose how much attendance my poor dear Mother requires when I tell you I am obliged to keep three people souly for her - one sits up every night & frequently two when she is quite allert & her affections are entirely fixed on her God & Saviour, & she longs to be with him, indeed there is nothing to attach her to this world - or any of us - I wonder why any one wishes her long life - one may desire to live for one's children's sake, to see their principles formed - but what else can make life dear to us - for what is this life? surely only one source of sorry & trouble after another - friends are sick, as one - wickedness prevails around us - hourly & every kind of distress follow - & what bright spot relieves this dismal darkness? nothing in this world - tis only when by faith we can pierce through the dark cloud - & enter "within the veil" - that there is any relief to a mind which in any degree reasons aright - passion in some shape or other may engage the mind for a time - love of mercy - love of Jesus &c &c &c - but when this exertion is over the mind reverts upon itself - & becomes lower than before except Divine Grace support it - & lead it from Earth to Heaven - you may rejoice my dear friends that you are so distant from this distracted country Light & darkness are now oppresing each other more strongly here, than perhaps they have ever done anywhere since the days of Martin Luther - in fact - in Kilkenny - in Loughrea & several other places the meetings for the Bible & Missionary Societies have been interrupted by an armed mob - headed by priests - the Archbishop of Tuam was all but dragged out of the chair - happily Mathias was ill, & not able to go there - to Loughrea - Mr J H Singer make a stand against them in Cork & Kilkenny - a meeting in Waterford was concluded favorably - but in this day's paper there is a notice given & the R C's in the neighbourhood to attend a meeting there in one of their Chapels to consider of the best means of opposing the Anti-catholic Bible society which had been held there - the Papists are joined by all the Infidel Protestants wherever they go - & the aim of both is to put down the Bible - the R C's say it is opposed to the Catholic religion - the Infidels to common sense - & good morals - so between them they try to destroy that which God in his goodness has given to the world - & in His Providence wonderfully preserved - but the cause of God must eventually prevail - "He that is [ ] is much stronger than all who can be against us - & tho Satan - the Priests & the Infidels do all they can - the God of Heaven & Earth will do much more I trust we may all be kept from an unchristian spirit - Let the work be the Lord's & we - I mean real protestants - only His instruments - it is a time which calls for much prayer - I wish you would have a little meeting with us - & all Christians over the world - on the 1t Monday of each month, for the general spread of the Gospel - that at London for this is the Evening between 7 & 9 oclock - every where they try to have it at the same time - I have been considering at what time you ought to have a meeting that you might be occupied in the same manner at the same time - I think it should be about six hours earlier from us to 3 - in your day - though this be a working time - could you not give up one hour, or even half an hour a month - do dear try - read a little from the Bible applicable to the increase of divine knowledge - sing a hymn on the same subject - if you happen to have any late missionary accounts read a little & pray for a blessing on Missionary exertions - O my dear Loves how do I wish you had a Clergyman - Mr Hare has given you up I believe entirely - he has no hope of being appointed there is a good man - a Clergyman - Mr Robinson who was frequently assists Matthias at Bethesder - he has gotten an appointment as Chaplain at Van Dieman land - but is unwilling to go so far - a few days since he breakfasted here - when I spoke of you he turned a listening ear & said he would rather go to Canada - than to Van Diemen's land - I told him I could give him no hope of being appointed as Champlain - but he seemed almost to prefer even going out to keep a school, & procure some land - in the hope of being regularly appointed after - I promised I therefore to ask questions for him - so attend to them & answer as soon as you can - his family consist of a wife & two children - both very young - He wishes to know in case he should give up his first plan - & go to Canada - whether you would advise him to go alone first & then return for his family - what would be the expense of going out & what money would enable him to settle there how much land he ought to take - & what fees &c &c he must pay - & what probability of suceeding as a school master - he is a clever man & a good & rather eloquent preacher - I greatly wish he may go to you - tell me every thing he ought to know & as soon as you can - it is possible after all he may be on his way to Van Diemans before your letter arrives - but as he possibly may not - & as even if he be - another may be willing to go who is similarily circumstanced - you ought to write as fully as you can - Now my dear Fanny as before this your two little maids are certainly with you the business of housekeeping & a great many Acetera's will require less of your attention - Therefore I am hoping for a long letter & beg of you to tell me some things very particularly - Tom I know has explained the Quarries, & observed the nature of the soil, but you had too much to do to attend to them & besides we wished to know so much about your comforts that we did not care much for any thing else, but now will you tell me what kinds of stones - minerals, & any fossil substance you have - & what kind of soil you have observed - & what fish the river produces - will you likewise tell me what plants & flowers grow about you - I think you mentioned that Anna Maria found a Double Lobelia - will you likewise inform us what kinds of birds inhabit your woods - I think I already know the trees - Is there any danger of your clearing going on so rapidly - & so completely - that in a short time 3 or 4 trees together will be quite a rarity - I have heard that my Grandfather remembered all the neighbourhood of Ballydrain as thick with trees as I suppose Douro is - & now you know there are none except those planted by Gentlemen on their grounds - you will be surprised to know that Mina & her girls are gone to France - it was necessary she should make some exertion, & her friends approved of this plan as the best - Stewart is Father in an amiable family, pursues his College studies with much credit - Sarah has just added another member to the family - a fine healthy girl - both well - dear Lydia spent some days with my Mother since her illness - she is a dear kind darling Matron - Anne Sturrock & Harriet are in Town, daily waiting for Isabella's confinement - Mr Darling has gotten a very good situation - they have very fine apartements - Mrs Waller, Miss Nangle & Mathias's not - Miss Beaufort was here lately - I never saw them all look so well - I hope in a few months you will have Doctr Stewart to visit you - he expects to find you all most agreeable creatures - so don't disappoint him - if he do see you try dear to keep him at least for one night - & interest him about you so that may be glad to attend every facility to your getting a Clergyman - if Mr Robinson go & commense school & [ ] somewhere as he can, would not Doctr S be willing to appoint him as soon as possible - as the regular Parson - I enclose a letter from Anne Peebles written at the time I began my letter, which I could not send an account of Mr Mangins absence - when you next write you may direct to Alexr Mangin Esqr & & & - Dublin Castle, & enclose our letter to him, he promises to have them sent to us safely - My paper warns me that I must soon conclude - & dare I part with dear friends without speaking of our [ ] which are so abundant - perhaps trials & afflictions are not the least - & that my poor dear John might see the hand of God in his continued trials - but I see no hope - let us pray - "whatsoever ye ask in my name" - what a positive promise - shall we not trust God's word - how angry we feel if one word he doubted - yet we dare to doubt the word of God - "Lord increase our faith" this is every thing in time - it unites it with eternity - & what a moment is our existance here - a shadow - a vapour yet on this shadow - this vapour hand "everlasting things" - & what a happiness when those who love the Lord in sincerity enter in Eternal joys to be for ever with the Lord - & with the Spirit of the just made perfect" - with dear dear friends gone before - a sweet amiable lovely girl - an intimate friend of my precious Anna's entered into Eternity a few days since - rejoicing in the prospect of Eternal happiness - with her Saviour, & in the society of those she had loved here - among the rest my ever beloved child - & what a place must Heaven be - tis worth giving up all here for - & what a blessed Saviour is Jesus the friend of Sinners - may we all cling to this in all our troubles - in all our enjoyments - ever may we "Feel with Jesus" - & this not in words merely but with our warmest affections - I must cease - will you tell Maria with my love I had intended to write to her - but now have not time - say to her my Mother intended the things she said here as a present - will you give our love to all those young people - particularly my old friend Anna - which we ever remember with affection -

I have sat up writing after every one else is gone to bed -it is the only time I have to myself - but as this letter must be at the Castle early tomorrow I must send the packet tonight - so my dear loves farewell - do not forget to remember me most affecty to Mr Reid - be assured of the sincere affection of your sister

A Mathias

When you write I wish you would describe the whole appearance of the river you sit on - what furniture - etc etc - Have you a carpet - or do you make as Louisa Elizabeth did - what chairs & tables - sofa - etc etc - the more minute the description the more we shall see if we are with you -

Dear loves let us hear from you soon a letter from any or all of you gives joy to all your friends here & causes several visits among us -


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Ashford July 25 1825

You will be surprised at the date of this letter my dearest Fanny - and probably your knowledge of Irish Geography will not discover to you where we are - Be it known then to you my child that the little village of Ashford is in the Co. of Wicklow close to Miss Erberry's place of Inchin [ ] past near Rosanna, about a mile & a half from Neworthbridge - places which you once saw - for you my beloved were with us when we visited part of the country formerly - I believe ten years ago - for I think it was in 1815 - I will not say I wish you were still one of us - for indeed I do not wish that you should be one of the husbandless Sisterhood instead of an admirable & charming wife & mother as you are - No - however contented I may make myself with my own single lot I do not ever wish to see others left in the same forlorn state - but I do indeed & with all my heart wish that it now in your power to be with us at this moment at every moment - that no more obstacle existed than some few dozens of miles. Well - let us still hope the best - while we bend with cheerful resignation to the will of the Disposer of events - surely we may still admit a little cheerful ray of hope to brighten us in our journey onward - A hope - that sometime now this transient world we shall be together again - Oh if it now the will of God, to bring you back my dear friends -never never more to go - Oh what extacy

When we are going about here - in walking in Rosanna, how often do I think of you my love who were our companion here & saw some of these pretty places with us. - We have the upper part of a two story cottage - which is in a sequestered spot - on the banks of a winding river that comes from the Devil's Glen - it turns off just at the house & runs in front - & we have the object of a bridge - & hills woody, & yellow with the ripening corn & very neat pretty cottages - & a great deal of wood - unluckily a road comes at each side of the house - & then the noise is rather troublesome early in the morning when the turf cars come rattling by. - The upper part of the house just answers for us - a sitting room of tolerable size, with an east & a south window - a large bedroom with 2 beds with a south & an east window & a little room with a west window that just suits me - & in it there is a closet which holds our books & our linen trunk - we were obliged to bring linen Plate & spoons & knives & forks which was rather a plague. The house was much praised to us, & the people too as being such nice people - but the house is miserable old dirty all furnished place full of dust & a great abundance of fleas - & the people are good sort of dirty people - they have a parcel of Cod squeezed into the lower part of the house I cannot guess how - but they do not molest us - The place is pretty - so beautiful & so rural that it makes Bess [ ] for much of the inconveniences - but indeed we are wonderully comfortable on the whole - & having brought stores of books with us [ ] - & having had the most heavenly weather - we have gone on very well - poor old St Swithin make an odd mistake this year, for tho' it rained on that fatal day, it never has rained one drop since - it has been the finest weather only too hot - We came here July 13th - I was sorry to leave Dublin just at that time for the next day the great Sir Walter Scott was to arrive - & as we had got a letter acquainted with his son & his wife - I thought it was throwing away money to stay on the very small chance of meeting him - I was sorry to come - but we did & I am sure it was such tremendous hot weather that if we had staid in town it would have made her ill - at least I comfort myself for leaving town by this idea - but indeed it was a pity to turn ones back on all chance of meeting him - which I do think between the Brinkleys & young Walter & his wife who are quartered in town we might have continued - but it is one of those little minor trials of life that come to give one a little gentle discipline & [ ] of me to [ I can save by teaching us to control ourselves, - He was at the seven churches last Monday - a party of people from this house saw him there - & he came as he is continued to scramble up into the place that is called St Kevin's bed. - If we had had the luck to be there that day how nice it would have been! not the fate, are [ ] - on Saturday he was at the Devil's glen I hear; & I am sure [ ] got a glimpse of him as the carriage drove by this house - we had been out in the car all day & had that moment come in - I went to the window hearing a carriage - but I exclaimed Oh! here! a little too loud, for I believe he heard me - he instantly turned away his face - but I saw the turn of his cheek & his white jaw - & I think it seemed like his bust that is all I shall see of him I believe. - But I shall hear much of him from others - He & his daughter Miss Scott - his son in law Mr Lochart - young Walter & his wife - are all to go to town on Friday the 29th - Where they are to have Mr Johnson to meet them. - After that Sir Walter goes to Killarney, & there is some idea of Mama & Harriet E joining the party - but it is not decided yet.

July 28. Well my darling child, we have been sporting thro' the county on a ramble since I began this folio. As the weather was so favourable we determined to scheme our most distant excursion - & having engaged a chaise from Newrathbridge to be here at eight on Tuesday morning, we have [ ] & at breakfast - & having cars - fully locked up all our goods - & hidden in the bottom of the great trunk our store of money - we set out at 9 oclock in a tolerable hack, noisy, but roomy & rattled away to Avondale - 8 miles from this - & just about a mile beyond Rathdrum - The view from the road for some time is lovely - you look forward down to a woody glen through which Avonmore winds beautifully - We then got to Avondale gatehouse - during young Parnell's minority a Mr Bruin has it, who does not care for its location & will not permit people to drive through. We sent the carriage round - & set out to walk. The gate [ ] came a little easy & then [ ] us we could not go wrong, she left us - & we walked & walked & walked & sat & walked, & came to many a winding & many a sudden turn which we thought might be the end of the walk - & a most scene it is - but instead of one mile I am sure it is at least [ ] - & any little shade from the burning sun of July - & a very rough stony rutty road to walk on - Bess so tired & worried that it could not but lessen the delight of the scene - I walked on a good way before them for some time to try if I could discover where the gate to the high road was - I felt as if I was in America; except that the road was too good for that - It was a fine forest scene with high bare wild hills beyond the river - many ancient trees around me - not a sound even of a bird - nothing save the grasshoppers - & now & then in the distant parts I heard the woodman's axe. It seemed so odd to be alone there & wandering about - I sat on a stone & should have enjoyed the scene only that Bess was so overwhelmed with fatigue & heat after some minutes she & Anna & Foley came & we crawled on & on till we met a woodman who told us we were still half a mile from the gate - This goal of wishes we at last reached - it was past one - we had been more than two hours walking in the sun. Our plan was to have seen both Avondale & Castle Hamond the same day, but after such fatigue - it would have killed Bess outright to have done this - so I proposed the driving on to the Wooden Bridge in which we were to sleep - securing our beds - & resting, & then seeing at our leisure next day all we missed - This plan was agreed to - Just outside Avondale gate is the first meeting of the waters where the Avonmore & Avonbeg meet - celebrated you know by Moore - from that begins the vale of Avoca - as the rivers when they join, from the Avoca Hotel - but we heard that which is called the Wooden Bridge Inn, under Tinock na moel hill, was superior - it is scarcely 5 miles from Avondale - we got there just after 2 - were shown into an airy drawing room not 10 feet square, but it had 2 large windows open -The whole house clean & airy & fresh -The beds were very nice - numbers of little, very small bedrooms - we secured 2 beds for Bess and Anna - & a little one near them for myself - ordered dinner at 4 - & settled ourselves very happily - Bess lying on the sopha, Anna Sketching the view from the window, & I reading to them a tale called "The Carders" - one of a set of Tales, called "Today in Ireland". The Inn is really delightful - & the view from it magnificent - for we see back into a fine glen we have just passed through - & tomorrow into that which leads to Cirklow - & sideways into another leading to the Gold mines - On each side for miles there are the most grand & very magnificent heights - wooded from top to bottom - Here and there beautiful green low banks with separated trees - & all dotted with neat comfortable looking cottages. [ ] is wide, large, & grand - quite in a different style from that which we have from the house. This view is closer & nearer to you, yet more various - & much more busy & animated - Both are lovely - the air there is much fresher & more open & I am sure more wholesome in warm weather, as soon as our month is finished here, which I think will be about the eighth of August - I think we shall go there for a week or ten days - but it will be much more expensive than this place, unfortunately. But to continue - our dinner was excellent - the finest tender roast chicken - white trout & vegetables - all clean & good & I assure you early as dinner was we played away at it. After dinner Anna went on with her drawing & Bess took a little sleep [ ] & at half passed [ ] we went out to walk a ¼ mile to the 2d meeting of the waters which I think is prettier than the first -for the Avoca & Aughrim river which meet there are finer - The whole scene is much grander - but I am not sure till I look again at it but the first is the sweetest scene - There was a little path winding thro' the woods, down to the meeting. We went down, & sat on a bank for a long time musing on the scene & inhalling the sweetest air that ever was - Then we walked about here & there till it was time for tea - at which we had excellent country like cream & butter - we read & worked & went to bed at half past ten - having first engaged the jaunting car of the Inn to take us the next day to see places opposite - Bess slept delightfully tho' the room was over the kitchen & the Inn rather full & noisy - we breakfasted early - and at nine set out on the car - From the vale of Avoca, into the vale of Arklow - the road is most excellent, it is the mail coach now to Wexford - & is most lovely running for miles on the side of a high woody bank & having the view of the river & opposite woods & [ ] First we stopped at Glenart Castle, which is Ld [ ] but is inhabited by his son Capt Proby - it is built by way of a castle, but rather low - however there are some very nice rooms within - it stands on sort of a terrace, which has been turned into a garden - so that entirely round the house there is a sort of platform of very neat flowers garden - with flowers of all kinds & pretty shrubs in beds of various forms - an arcade covered with vines leads from the entrance of the garden to the hall door - against the house are all manner of pretty things.

The view is mostly wood scenery with one or two distant mountains. Neither the steward or housekeeper would take any money. From there we drove about 3 miles to the town of Arklow which is but a poor one crossed the bridge & got to the opposite side of the river - & after two or three miles we arrived at Shelton Abbey - Lord Wicklow's seat - The grounds & woods are very extensive The house is very handsome, built like an Ancient Abbey - in very good taste - but it is so low a situation there is very little view from it - At one side of the house there was formerly an old kitchen garden - but the present Lord who built the Abbey too - has made that in to a beautiful little lawn with groups of various Evergreens - such as Lanntrim - Rhododendrum & [ ] next the house an immense broad terrace of ground walk & then that lawn, with a row of Fuchias & Myrtle covered with profusion of flowers along the edge of the walk - There is a very pretty flower garden - & next is a little arcade, made of slight posts at intervals & sticks bent & nailed to those posts & all filled up between with a crossing of small branches - Roses & vines & clematis were planted along each side are trained up & running through & all over the top make a nice little shady walk. The cross bars are very slight little branches - I think it might be a pleasant thing for you to have in your garden in the very hot weather. I have made a little sketch just to give you an idea of it - for your wild vines would cover it very prettily - There is such another on Mrs Proby's garden covered mostly with vines the ends of the little cross bars are left sticking out as I marked. We drove through Shelton to Bally & there we walked a quarter of a mile to a spot where a beautiful view bursts on you suddenly - a magnificient one it is - of the river & wood & sea & mountains & Arklow - from this we drove thro' the grounds for near two miles & then home, having been nearly ten miles I believe - We then at 3 ate a hearty luncheon & set out on our return - stopped at Castle Howard to see that it is a very pretty Castle newly built & very beautiful views from it - & arrived here at 7, just in time to rest & settle ourselves & take saline draughts & prepare for tea at near 9 -

July 29 - I was up this morning at half past five - & a lovely morning it was - the view from my window along the river is so pretty in the early morning - All yesterday we all felt fagged & tired - neither Bess nor Anna had slept well & the heat yesterday was insufferable but today we are all quite refreshed - They slept well & we have just been taking an airing in the car - Mrs Anndale our landlady has a very grand car & 2 horses & we have had several very nice drives.

I never knew so hot & dry a July as this - Thermr sometimes 85 in the shade & in the sun 122 - I am sure it must be nearly equal to your heat - oh my dearest I wish I could see you this instant in a peep thru a magic glass & know whether you are safe, & have recovered well & how the baby is.

I see the poor Bp of Quebec is dead - it is said that Dr Stewart was to succeed him - if so it will I hope be advantageous to your church affairs that he has been interested for you - I fear that death of the Bp will prevent Dr Stewart from visiting you - your packet to me of April to Bess of May & to Clongill of May 29 have all arrived safely & it is most comfortable, to have heard down to so late a date - but I am in deep anxiety to hear again. Bess heard this day from my mother's kin very well & likes Glintown very much - she & Louisa have a large 2 bedded room & Louisa has a little dressing room beside with a wardrobe in it - The place beautiful The Baby better but has been indifferent. Francis & his family have been at Margate - at least his family have, & he now & then went there in the steam boat for a day or two recreation. The Foxes & Fan arrived the end of June - Fan staid at Margate with her uncle & aunt to bathe & Barry & Sop: went to Catton Lady Farnham's Catton belongs to our useful friend Wilmot Horton.

I believe I told you in my last of the death, or at least of the illness of Mrs Sanderson - She was Barry's favourite sister, & her illness, at least the latter part of it was so rapid - that it was a sad shock to them, to hear when they arrived at Paris that she was past all hope - I don't know when they will be in Ireland - soon I believe - When I wrote last I told you of poor Mr Ruxton's illness & danger - & afterwards sent a little note stuffed into a letter to Mr Bellingham to tell you that he was dead - but I believe that was not in time for the mail of that month - you may suppose what affliction the death of one so dear to her family caused on the whole I think poor Mrs Ruxton has borne it better than could have been expected & poor dear Sophey too. I had to get all their mourning for them - I hear that Richard & Bess have been as kind as possible & have persuaded Mrs Ruxton to continue to live at Black Castle & still to be mistress of the house & to manage as formerly - Rich & Bess to continue to live as they have done paying so much - I am very happy that the girls & poor Mrs R are to continue there, for I think it would have broken their hearts to have gone to live elsewhere. Mrs Ruxton's income will be very comfortable I hear - Maria E. is soon to go for a visit - at present she did not wish to have her quite yet. Sir Walter Scott goes there any day E town - and I suppose if she goes with him to Trellinay - for Aunt will be ready for her against she returns - of Suttons & Wallers I say nothing as Catherine of course tells you of them. Leanora Brabazon is quite stout & well at present, & I don't think we have any anxiety now of that kind - poor Fan is the person I am most anxious about for I hear she is dreadfully thin & pale & emaciated - however I expect much benefit from her bathing -

General & Mrs Dillon & a pretty little niece & Miss Mills live near this & have visited & been very kind & attentive - They invited us to dine but we could not go then & they hope to have us some other day - The Genl has a great large old wild wall garden there that is his hobby horse & he took us all round it the other day & we visited every tree & potatoe crop - etc & he told how he saved his seed, & at last he stopped & said See! - See there! - behold there were 2 cabbage plants tied up for going to seed!!! - however he gave us some artichokes, which was one good thing. The Hamiltons are all at Bally Orran now, Mrs Ennis place near Ennis Kerry & we are gong there tomorrow after a very early breakfast to spend a long day, eat early dinner & come home in the evening. Yesterday evening when we were walking we met by chance Lady Crofton & her little daughter Anne who had the small pox for the 2d or 3d time - She is staying Inchinappa which belonged to the Miss Erberrys - one of whom married Henry Crofton. We are going to drink tea with Lady C this evening. I was just now interrupted in my scribbling by seeing a gig & jaunting car stop at the door - I heard people enquire for us but could not imagine who they were - till in walked Mrs Brinkley & Sally & Mr & Mrs Mat Brinkley & a Mr Hodder a Cork man, I wish they had all come some other time for it interrupted me sadly in this letter - but is it not curious how acquaintences meet unexpectedly in such odd places & yet such things in the world are always thought improbable.

I am very glad that poor unfortunate Mrs Rubidge lent you so many entertaining books my dear Fanny. I hope you will not use your eyes too soon after lying-in - Oh what a sad accident Mrs Rubidge has had - Oh dear Fanny be careful of yourself & do not tumble into your cellar my dear child I shudder when I think of all the dangers you are exposed to - We are all greatly grieved for your ox - it is a most serious loss indeed - & at the blight of Caterpillars which I fear had done you a great deal of mischief - my dear friend how many trials of your patience Providence sends you. They are all for your own good I trust - but they are very disappointing & dispiriting - But at last I hope & trust all will turn out well - I met with a great sage lately in one of Mrs Montague's letters that I thought you would like & copied it - "I do not think it advisable to quarrel with Hope, though one knows he is an Imposter; for in ordinary life he sells pleasant dreams at reasonable rates - those that traffic with him for [ ] must pay a great sum on bad security."

So I will not quarrel with hope - but still try to think that Fortune will yet befriend us - that you will become more comfortable & successful & that again even here below we shall be together my beloved.

Lady Fowlis is in town now & spoke of going to Engd; Her box was sent at the same time with mine - They sailed in the Hugh July 10th & it has had such favourable weather that I hope & think it will soon arrive safely - I wrote to the people at Quebec & Montreal that you mentioned also to Mr Bethune of Cobourg to appraise them all that there were 2 boxes directed to Mr S.

The day before I left town Bentham the printer at last sent me the little story I told you of my having written while at Cheltenham. I will send it in this to you - or at least part if not all & I shall long to know if you like it dear. I enclose you now also Mr Nicholl's directions for the mode of using the Sulphate of Quinine - a little bottle of which containing 2 drachms I sent you in the box, as equal to 1 lb. Peruvian bark - Dr Chaque appraises highly of it. How fortunate you have been to escape all the illness that has been around you. May God preserve you all.

I think you now wise to change A M's book - children grow tired of the same book, when they have not been bright & very often a new book rouses their intellects I dare say teaching her to write would improve her in reading - No money has been sent me for Bellingham - I am very glad he is so kind & attentive & that he laughs & talks nonsence - a little nonsence helps one on so much in life - I am delighted that you have made a garden & I long to hear that your chimney is done - for goodness sake do not delay doing it my dear Tom - just before we left town we went to Dun[ ] but Mrs M: was out & we could not see poor Mrs S - but they assured me she was better. All the rest of the family well - I am sorry the Jan mail has been lost. Mr S said he would enquire about it - He also told me long ago that he would do his best to make more interest for Tom with the Canadian Company & I am sure spoke of going soon for a short visit to Paris he is invited there by his friend Mr South the Astronomer who is there now. Lyons all well gone to Greemont I think. Bess could have written to you in this but she was writing to Mrs Ruxton - then out in the car & then interrupted by the Bs.

Dear kind Fanny, thank you for my sweet little birthday note - I was well & happy on that day.

I am delighted that [ ] is a pleasure to you dear & that the little bit of a dictionary is of use - I hope you have had no return of your rheumatism & I entreat you not to use your eyes much as they are week. Give my love to Tom & your very dear little darlings - God bless you my ever beloved Fanny your own Moonie.

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Recollections of my dear Mother

When attacked in June 1824 by a trying and severe illness she said "I prayed to the Lord frequently to rouse me from a dead and Stupid State, and to fill my heart with love to him - but had I known he would have chosen to answer my prayer in this manner, I fear I should not have offered it up sincerely - now I trust I can say from my heart Lord Thy will be done" - She had a deep sense of the evil of Sin, and particularly of the sinfulness of her own heart - She delighted to hear the word of God read - & to have the Children of God pray with her -

After some time her disease which was Paralysis made her rather impatient as we were assured it always does - but in May 1825 she had a second attack, and from that time she generally was exceedingly happy

Whilst her mind wandered on every subject connected with this life - on the subject of religion she was clear and collected - One day as we were all surrounding her bed - prayer had been offered up for her in which she joined fervently - with a look as if she had herself called she said "I am summoned I can wait no longer - May God bless you" -

Then with the only hand she had power to move, lifted up in a solemn manner, & her eyes raised she said My Blessing and the blessing of the Lord be with you my dear children - Give yourselves to God live in love - live together - I must go - but be sure you give love to all my dear kind friends She then named several "but you know them all" she said "tell them I prayed for them with my last breath"

Dear Mathias! - my friend and Spiritual Father May God bless you and your Congregation - If you preach after I am gone chuse for a Text the last verse of 2nd Corinthians it ends with Amen - My life has been all Amen - I prayed earnestly to the Lord, but my prayer was that I might be restored to health and be useful to my fellow creatures - God set aside all my plans - he knew better" - At another time she said - Pray to the Lord for my family that they may all go to Heaven, and meet me there - indeed it could not be Heaven without them

One day when the Storm was violent, the wind driving the rain against the window she said "that Storm is like the world - but here I have peace - for here is Jesus" - Another time she said to me "Is it not strange that I have not slept either day or night for several days - yet I have no pain either of body or mind - I lie awake at night when all around me is still - I lie quiet in the day that I may be undisturbed with my Saviour - Night and day Jesus is ever present with me" - Though our dear Mother wandered much yet all her wanderings proved she was constantly activated by the love of God and Man -

[Written in pencil: Mrs Stewart who died July 1825]

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Allenstown July 26 1826

Once more my beloved Fanny am I at poor old Allenstown - this is the first time I have ever written to you from this dear place since you went to the New World - for I have not been here to stay since melancholy 1821 - This place is doubly dear to me for it not only saw my infancy but yours my own dear child - & we are both linked to it & to one another by all the feelings of early pleasures & by each having had the same friends to watch over our own childhood & teach us all the good feelings of love & gratitude to the kindest of parents - How my dear Uncle used to delight in you - Alas how little could he foresee what the lot in the world would be of the dear little merry playfull Brown Fanny - but it will in the end prove my beloved child to have been a happy trial for you - painful & difficult as many a hard thing you have gone through, must be, to suffer, you will find that being gifted as you are with superior strength of mind, it was right that you should through trials work our your eternal happiness - it is only by this idea that I can ever find any comfort whatever for your fate - but when I feel most inclined to discontent & lamentation then I awaken to the conviction that a crown of glory hereafter awaits those who have been tried & come out well from the furnace of adversity - & that this world & its miseries will pass away while future joy & happiness through Christ will never face - I cannot even look out of the window here without thinking of you - & of you in the happy time of careless youth - so it is no wonder dear Fanny if the contrast should make more than ever sad & melancholy about you - but it shall not make me fill my paper with regrets & destroy your serenity by my folly - for alas we require all our exertions to keep away evil & folly, from our hearts - & we may both renew too much perhaps our saddest feelings - dear dear Fanny you were my own little girl when you were here & many a walk we took together under the hedge of the lawn - or in the Shrubberys performing the circular exercise & all my other strange vagarities - but do you the dancing masters have adopted that very thing - & I really seen one making his pupils exercise their arms, in different ways just as I used to persuade you to do - well but I must tell you about the last short month we continued at poor dear Black Castle till Decr 19th - so that we were there for 4 weeks - Mrs Ruxton was wonderfully well & in astonishingly cheerful spirits - but poor Sophy had several attacks of sudden apprehension & bad breathing while I was there - & is indeed in a very bad state of health - & for the last ten days poor Bess Fitzherbert was laid up in a bilious fever - so that latterly we had a good deal of anxiety - & fearing that at such a time we might be rather in the way we wanted to come here sooner - but they would not hear of it & would not let us come till the very last day we could. Bess Fitzherbert is now recovering exceedingly well & will I am sure be better than she had been for a good while - for several weeks she had complained of lassitude & weakness in her back - bad appetite & had inflammed eyes, all these were caused I believe by a collection of bile which she is now relieved from. The last plan, which seemed quite determined on, before she grew ill, was to go abroad in August & winter at Rome - & stay away about a year altogether - Richard found the hot weather agree with him - & his mother being so remarkable well now it encouraged him to venture to go - in that case she will remain at Black Castle of course - but now I dont know what difference this unexpected fever may cause. The Brabazons dined at Black Castle one day soon after we went there - Leonora is remarkably well now - I saw the Pakenhams 2 or 3 times, & we went to see Mrs P one day - she is very pleasing indeed but reserved - She does not seem much enclined to us I think - & I believe considers as reprobates Mr P continues a great favorite here - but do you know (I will just say it is a whisper) I think he has still a very high manner & rather takes upon him more than a Christian clergyman ought - it is much more easy to talk of being "Christian minded" - & religious minded than to have Christian humility in reality - The reality of religion - which shines in the life & conduct, is certainly to be preferred to all the talk that can be about doctrine wh is now so much discussed - I am very glad dearest that you did not misunderstand me - for I do not think any curate can have too much Love of God & of his Son; - but I think one may have a great deal too much of the exclusiveness & party spirit of religion - These I consider the ostentation & outward show - but not the feeling of the humble heart - & I think many well meaning good people are led unawares into too much of this custom of talking of doctrine, without attending enough to school their hearts - but you do the latter - & the effect is seen in your life my beloved good excellent creature -

Bess Ruxton or Fitzherbert rather is become one of the eminent - & she & some others are I think a little imprudent in their mode of going on, & in their zeal to promote Bible reading & Bible subscription forget what a different thing it is to manage here & to obtain amongst the Catholics now that they are more than ever on the watch about conversation

Oh by the by I wish you could see the Irish papers with the accounts of all our odious & riotous election - I dare say Aunt Sutton will keep them for you - The Priests have interfered & have carried every thing with so high a hand, that though they have succeeded in many counties in putting out the old members & getting in their own friends, yet I think it will in the end, as they will find be very injurious to their interests - Since they have shewn how completely they can influence & terrify the poor voters, it will induce people to put an end to the 40 shilling freeholders - or at least if they cannot be done away at once - Landlords it is thought will as much as possible avoid giving leases [ ] in some countries there have been a great struggle indeed - in the Co Louth a man who was son of a Chandler has been brought in by the people - & it was a very doubtful thing for a long time between Lislie Foster & Mr Fortescue of Stephenstown - Mr Foster got in with only a majority of 5 votes -

While we were at Black Castle the Bp & Mrs Alexander were there two or three times & have since been here - Lady [ ] was there too, a very conversible woman easy in her manners & ready to enter into conversation with you at once - but a little manierie - indeed face & figure & manner all are so like poor little Mrs Major Waller that she reminds me greatly of her - We saw poor wretched Mrs Barry continually. She comes almost every day to Black Castle - She is tormented by Gout in her stomach & various things & fullness of blood - & she stuffs to the greatest degree with meat & wine & porter, & then obliged to have a dozen leeches on her once or twice a week - He I only saw at Church - fortunately I was not in company with him, for I never feel in charity with him - he is devoid of all principle & showed that but too plainly in the deceitful way in which he treated my dear father. I was at church three times & indeed it was very painful to me - but it would not have been right to stay away on account of any private feelings - but when I looked at the beautiful church designed by my beloved Father - & when I recollected how sadly every thing is changed since the time when I used to think it such an indulgence to go to Navan Church & hear my Father preach, when I thought over past times, & that the very tones of his voice seemed still in my memory it is no wonder that going there was painful to me This country & the inhabitants are indeed so much changed that one might scarce know it if set down here by chance - & among the poorer people, the old have died - & those whom I know as children are now grown out of my memory & do not even remember me - Anne Murray's death I have already told you of I believe - Mary Toole has been living there these 2 years - she could not get a place & grew very poor - Luke is out of place too - we have given her some washing to do which I believe she was very glad to get - She came to see us - it was the first time she had ever been here since she came to her father's - She says her little boy Andrew, is a very fine stout fellow always well - she has no more - Frances Hodges was here, she is more comfortable now than she has been for years - for she has a cow - & her eldest son has been got into Wilson's hospital - Harriet her eldest daughter is at the school as maid & will earn something - poor Frances really looks better than I ever saw her - & not half so squalid as she used. Mary Smith was here & is wonderfully active & stout considering she is past eighty - Mrs Wildman was here too & seems might well - Philip came, & looks exactly as he used ten years ago - quite fresh & fat & has his teeth too - he is very happy at Foleys having married Peggy & has invited her down to pay him a visit -

He hears lately of his son in New York - & was told that he made so much money by laboring work, that he has now got a horse & car of his own for which he gave £40

Biddy is very happy & so is Cathy. - We have also seen poor Cullen the carpenter who is very well, & has got a new workshop in the new range of offices, which of course make him very happy - Molly Stanley came here yesterday & was delighted to see us - Musha I loved you all as if you were my sister & better too for they died away from me - She was doating I heard; but I assure you she remembered to ask for my Mother & every one she ought to ask for. She was rejoiced when I told her we had heard lately from you - & she was particularly anxious to know if you were in a country where there were wicked wild beasts & whether they were likely to eat you up & she asked that over & over - if they would eat you up - the poor dear child - her daughters are very comfortable now - & one of Mary Clarke's daughters is now married very well & settled in Navan. Anne Bellew came up today too to see us - she borrowed a car from Flood & the Suttons coachman drove her - she had her youngest daughter little Judy about 7 years old - a very pretty nice little girl, who can read very well & sew a hem - she had hemmed the frock on her exceedingly well - Anne looks remarkably well & is very happy - & likes her mistress particularly; she says she is a sweet good woman at first she was very much afraid of her master, but she finds now that he is not so difficult to please as she had been told. She had never been here since the time she left to go & live with my mother, so that she did not remember this place very well - & was very glad to walk all about it, in spite of the heat -

We are all longing to hear from you again, & to know if you have been as much oppressed by the heat as you were lat year - it is just as warm here this summer as it was last - & there is I think a greater scarcity of water - & a greater fear as to the crops - The months of April & May were so uncommonly dry that it set them all wrong - we had however last week some heavy refreshing rain, & though our hot wasting dry weather has returned, all crops look better & the foolish panic people had is beginning to die away - The weather is lovely in itself & the fields & trees look lovely & the whole country looks rich & beautiful. But the fruit is not very good in general for it was ripened too soon before it was rightly filled - & though ripe it is sour & poor. Wheat is as yet the only good crop - The Potatoes are very backward - & the oats in general poor & short & the flax bad - but the rain has been of use and I think in a short time all the misery - or else - it is vain to struggle against sleep so as it is 12 oclock I will bid you night

Friday morning - I am now quite awake my dearest Fanny, this lovely lovely morning - all night there was a thick fog but it is now clearing off - and there is the prettiest mixture of sunshine & mist & long shadows which I see from the old red room window where I have a little table established & write whenever I can.

Bess received your packet finished May 13 - The day before we left Black Castle - She will thank you herself for her part - and I must tell you that your dear dear little birthday note went to the bottom of my heart - how kind you are my own dear to think at all, in the midst hurry & anxiety of all kinds, of your poor old Moome's birth day - Many & many a one have I passed - & I am fast advancing towards old age - but I assure you I look remarkably well considering - & every one seems surprised not to see me look older - tho' to my own eyes appear hundreds of wrinkles which mark the quick progress of life. We are all as you may guess my dear Fanny most sorry to hear of your having suffered so dreadfully from that horrid torture of a sore breast - dear creature you did not want that to increase your torments - I am very sorry you did not try if possible to continue nursing for I am told that when there is a sore breast it should still be sucked in spite of the torture, because if you cease to draw it, it will never have milk in it afterwards - however perhaps this is an old womans story - & indeed I dont wish you should again require milk in it - My poor dear how you suffered too from vexation at nursing Willy - You mention to Catherine having had an intention of getting to you for him a woman who had been with Mrs Mitchell - & it seems the greatest pity that you did not try & get her there, though sooner than you had intended - sure if she is good-natured she would have gone to you - You will indeed in a very sad state, & where there is so much to be done, it was a great deal inconvenience to you. - It is a comfort to all your loving friends here to think that you had books to interest & amuse you, and your nice little Musical thing which must have been indeed a delight to you I wish you had a great deal more little pleasures within your reach - The Box has at last sailed - I think about the middle of July - I believe, in a vessel called the John & James - but I have not heard yet from Mr Darling through whom I begged him to write to me. Your letter of commissions never arrived - & having waited to the very last I then got the things by guess as well as I could - & several things which I suppose you had ordered, & which in another letter you bid me not mind - were sent by your friends - as Candlesticks, trays, one set of fire irons, & knives & forks & spoons - I shall be most anxious now to hear of the arrival of this box and its travelling companion - another longer box & more valuable - I do hope they may get safe - I am greatly afraid I have omitted several things which I ought to have sent - for being still in expectation of your letter, and not being able to guess from your letters exactly the articles you most wanted, I am sure I have managed it all very badly & forgotten several things which ought to have gone at any rate I am glad they have sailed - After the box was all nailed & sewed up I recollected different things which ought to have been in - & I tried the chance of a safe journey for a little psalm book Bess was anxious to send you for your church - This I sent by a Mr Burford who is gone to Perth - I directed it to you to the care of Dr Reade Perth & hope it may be safe - He is a friend of Mr & Mrs Way & is gone with a large family to settle there - his son had already been there for a year or two & advised his father to come to him - One of the Maddens who married a Mr Tims; & her sister, are gone out to Up. Canada too - & are to settle on the north shore of Lake Ontario - The Maddens are unlucky people for they are too fond of pleasure - I am sorry you are likely to lose your merry good natured Sidney Bellingham - I thank him for the map over & over, it is so satisfactory to have it - the reason I do not see the New town in it was that I always took it into my head that it was at the same side of the river with you - & now my mind is full of a hundred fears & fancies about your having to cross that river at nights - I wish your bridge was built & hope it will be a good of stone - I am rejoiced you have got a clergyman, & hope indeed he & his wife may be comfort to you - I am sorry Tom thinks him like Dominie Thompson - but perhaps that was only just some little thing in his manner - & that in spite of that he may be a good enlightened clergyman & well informed companion - & he may be a useful quiet good creature though I dare say but homely - I long to hear numerous particulars about them - & to know that you have had the comfort of being at service - public church service again - & the still greater one of receiving the sacrement - Oh indeed - I hope he will be a comfort to you & a reasonable moderate man. - Dear Fanny have you Newcome's catechism. I hope you have taught it to the little girls - Anna Maria will soon be old enough to learn the Church Catechism too - I sent over a few little books for these dear children, & indeed I am growing very anxious to hear that they can read well & then write - you say nothing of arithmatic - but that is a thing that you can so easily teach a little bit of at odd moments that I hope you have - whatever they are to be hereafter, whether in Canada or in their own country, arithmatic will be material service to them - I am very sorry your hurry so much interfers with your teaching of them - but could you not continue to fix on even half an hour at a regular time to instruct them - I long to hear that Anna Maria can read well - for she ought now to be able both to read for her own pleasure, & also so as to entertain you when you are at work - perhaps the idea of that would be a stimulus to her if you mention it properly - but indeed you should consider the children have a little regular & uninterrupted time to teach them

I cannot tell you how sorry I am at Ann McVitys being in such a suffering state - & at your little Dr being away just then - but I trust that before this time he is returned & that all she going on well & recovering - What odious conversation those Reades have I don't wonder it disgusts you - & I admire Mr Robinson for shewing his disapprobation of it - and talking to you while it was all going on - it is one mark of a really well bred gentleman to repress that sort of conversation in Ladies company - & indeed Tom ought to set his face against it - & teach those vulgar apothecary people better manners - nasty creatures - it is the lowest style of wit - & is very disgusting. Your own Reid people seem to be not much in Mr Robinson's parties - or amongst you - tell me more about them - & whether any of the girls are ever with you - one ought to have been with you when you had that torturing boil - I am sorry we sent that gown to Mary Reid for I dont believe she is half as good natured as she ought to be - well - now don't be angry as I am sure you are at this instant as I can't help abusing them a little - but I will leave them & tell you that we have been a week here now - dining about paying visits - & so many people coming that I never get on well in the day with anything - your Uncle was so good as to hire horses each day for the assizes to leave the good old blacks to us - they are brightened up greatly & do not crawl half as slowly as they used - we paid a long comfortable visit one day at Rochfield & found all well & gay & little Helen thriving nicely & her Ma in great beauty - We went one morning to Ardbraccan - I never had been there since the poor O'Beirne's left it - & did seem very odd to me to see a quite new set of people & all so different - They seem good natured but very inferior to the former set - The former Bishop was so agreeable & so polished - and poor Mrs OB had so much heart & warmth about her - & Miss OB tho' cold was much more ladylike in her manner than Miss Alexander - who talks an immensity & yet says little I think - As to James Alexr he is nearly a fool I imagine - some say he is deranged but indeed I am glad he did not continue his attention to Kate - for he does not seem any way desirable for her -

This house goes on just in the old way in many respects & all those grown up men are as good children as when they were little boys - William is very silent in general - & in the evening he sits always in a corner neither reading or speaking - James & John read a little in the evening which are but short, for we go to tea at past 9 - & to bed at half past ten - John is to go next month to Mr Dickinson to read with him & live with him as his pupil for some time - he lives in Baggot St so we shall have John very near us & shall see him often I hope - he is of a very serious disposition & grave manner in general, but has now and then a good deal of dry humor - James poor fellow is a gay creature & has wonderful spirits, though he feels bitterly the vexation of being kept idling all his best life here - he is now 26! What a pity! - Robt came here for 2 days & was very lively & pleasant - he has more conversation than the others & more cultivation - & is the picture of happiness - wh arises from the useful active life he leads - Maria is very gentle & quiet & slow in all her movements - so that I don't believe any thing could put her in a hurry - but she is very much improved in many respects - & has a good deal of pleasing quiet conversation, & at present seems very moderate in her opinions & not much tending to extremes, as well as I can gather from what she says - but you know I am not apt to talk to people about their peculiar opinions & in general I think it best to avoid all those sort of discussions

You did not tell me if you liked Wilson's sermons - I have sent you a little vol: of Closis sermons on the liturgy & hope by next year to have his lectures on the Pentateuch ready for you as I hear much of them - I thought I had sent you the Stories by author of Mary & her Mother - & am sorry I did not hear in time that wished for them - but I will get them & have them ready in case I should hear of any opportunity - I wish you would not delay sending your commissions till Christmas - for those are the letters that come most slowly - begin earlier to send them - & then in two or three succeeding letters repeat the list, & then I shall be sure to be in time with all your things - You must give Mr Bethune a great charge about the Boxes - for the large contains what will be ruined by being knocked about or much jolted - do you know what it is - what do you think of a Pi for! - sent by good little Maria - in the other chest you will find a store of wires - & a little sheet of directions for tuning which has been lately published - Oh how I do hope it may arrive safe & be a great great pleasure & comfort to you - Maria has got a very sweet soft one that makes lessons sound much than they used to do on the common harsh Pi, fors. -

We read out in the mornings the life of Dr Clarke the traveller & walk a very little when there is shades late in the day we have not got to the school yet it is so deadly hot - but I hate complaining of the heat - every thing is so beautiful - so rich & vivid & glowing is the face of nature - Ah my dear child perhaps you will yet look again at it with us in comfort &happiness - God grant it -

My Mother has had 2 or 3 severe bilious attacks this summer but recovers well between, & is now thank God pretty well - Francis is now with her, he has been sent over by the Mining Compy to wh he belongs - & went from Cork last week to Killarney & Valencia to meet Wm E - & look at the State Quarries &c. - I believe he is now again at Glyntown & will be in Dublin about the 5th or 6th - I am to go to Edgeworthstown to meet him & be there at the time of the Wedding which is to be about the 2d week in August - & I don't know yet whether Francis will come this way & take me up - I hope he will - if not I do not intend to try & get across the country & F E will send to meet me - I do not intend to stay long - it will depend chiefly [ ] Poor Harriet I hope she will be happy in [ ] - She has taken nearly 2 years to consider of it - he is good & agreeable & well informed - but some how I dont feel quite satisfied - I think such a charming creature as Hariet ought to have a better match - his lifing is only 600 a year - but his uncle old John Rothwell intends to settle on him 500 pr an which will be a good addition - None of her suitors are very happy about it - but indeed I ought not to say that - & for goodness sake do not breath a hint of it in any of your Clongill or Etown letters - Aunt Mary & Honora have been on a visit at Cloonagh with Sophy Fox, from whom I heard the other day - & she says a little obstinate cough Honora had went away entirely while there & she has promised to go again in Autumn - Aunt Mary goes to England when Francis returns I hop e you have heard before this that Maria had a very favorable answer from Ld B: relative to the military road - so I hope that little employment at least will be obtained - The land company have some disagreement with Government - so I fear nothing will be done in that Quarter at present - & as to the Postmaster Genl ship that seems entirely beyond our hopes at present dearest Fanny - if there had been any hope from her doing so I would have asked Maria E to apply - but as I knew & was informed there was no hope in Ld B quarter I did not ask her - because it would be most imprudent to waste her interest unnecessarily - when I see Francis I shall learn as much as I can about Tom's being appointed superintendent of Emigrants - which you allude to - I fear it was in some last letter for I did not hear of it before - I will consult Francis about it - I think in all Tom's application he ought to apply also to Sir Peregrine who has expressed himself so kindly about you both & as anxious to assist him, as far as he can - so that it would be well to apply to him too - that would be an assistance to [ ] application made in London - I hope to hear soon [ ] the Bishop has visited you - & that you will like a good creature give a very particular account of all he said & did - & I hope you will quite win his heart You are very good my dear Fanny to think of all those nice curiosities you mention sending by old Dr Connin - I am sure what ever you select or find will be very interesting to me & very valuable - in the course of the summer any little plants that come easily in the way you may dry - or save seeds for me - but pray do not over worry or fatigue yourself - my dear creature for me - I am very glad Francis was able to recover the postage for you - I will apply to him about Kates letter - & am indeed greatly vexed at a 2d being charged - I am sure I hope this one may not - I will send a little gentle hint on the subject to Wilmot-Horton

Aunt Mayne is wonderfully well considering the loss she has had - she is to stay for the present with Margaret at Black rock - & remove into town in winter to be near us - poor Anne has been near 2 months expecting to lie in - & now they begin to fear it is like the first odd thing that ailed her & that there is no child. She is very wretched & low - Mrs C M Fox getting much better in health & rather more alive - Mrs F Ruxton has got a nice little boy - so she has 2 now -

Foley & Peggy were married on the 9th Peggy Caffray & Mary Foley went up to the Wedding which I hear was mighty pleasant - we ordered a fine Cake for them & they had Mr Murphy the fat old cook - Mr & Mrs Nash & the Hamiltons servant at it - I heard they had a very handsome dinner & the bride was elegantly dressed - that was McDonoughs account to Mary Hamilton - Peggy sent the first slice of her Cake to the Hamiltons. Poor Mrs H has a cough & suffers from the hot weather - the rest are well - Lynes well - They have let Greenmount till November - I told you in my last about Lady Foulis & B Dallas intention of going to Paris - I believe I have [ ]

78-008/1/7 #122

Douro - 2d August 1826

My dearest Maria

I cannot yet find out, how I felt on first reading your last note I had such a mixture of feelings - surprise, joy & gratitude!! but I know that when the tumult had a little subsided gratitude remained alone - no - delight & gratitude remained in my heart for your kind thoughfulness in wishing to send me your dear old Piano - upon which you & I have together played so many favorite pieces of music - Ah yes my dear Maria it will be to me the most truly valuable & delightful - it will beguile many a solitary hour if I pass more years in Canada & will draw many many tears from my heart & eyes when its sweet sound & touch & even the sight of it, will bring to my very sight - (Alas! my minds eye) so many dearly dearly loved friends - so many happy goneby hours - I hope it is now on this side of the Atlantic, but its perils are only beginning - for in its travels from Quebec here, it is are more exposed to dangers than during its passage - however I hope as it is so well packed up & as we have given many charges to Mr Bethune to have it taken care of - it may reach us safely - & Oh how careful I shall be of it - for this country is fatal very often to Piano's or any good furniture even - the extreme heat & dryness warps the wood & so opens the joints, & even cracks the wood - but I will try to preserve it by every means - & indeed if I think there is the smallest chance of our returning home next year I will be philosopher enough not to open it here - but to keep it well put up as it comes to travel back again - but I am beginning to fear that my hopes & wishes as to going next year were too silly to be accomplished - I was ill & certainly very feverish & very miserable when I wrote those letters which I have since been much ashamed of for they exposed my weakness so glaringly - & weak & foolish I was - & am still for I still wish to return home more than anything else in the world - but I am not so wildly impatient - & I see how nearly impossible & impudent it wd be to think of going so soon as next year for several reasons - but I know that we & all belonging to us are in the hands of one who knows what is best - We know not ourselves what we ought to do - so let us pray for his support & direction in every thing - & resign all to him -

I am glad you have got such a nice new Piano & wish I could hear your sweet finger exercised upon it - I have only once had the pleasure of hearing music since I left home - & that was one evening in Cobourg 2 years ago - I did indeed enjoy it - but how much more shall I enjoy hearing you - & talking & listening to you - I have many many subjects ready - various things which I cannot write - for I generally write in such flying moments here & so much noise & bustle all around me that I cannot give my undivided attention to what I am writing Enough to express fully my thoughts - & so I must just wait my darling till we are permitted an opportunity of conversing peaceably & quietly at my own best loved of places - sweet old Allenstown - Often & often do I think of you my dear Maria - How much real good you may do to your fellow creatures - & to yourself - I find that a sad disadvantage in this county - it makes people so very selfish - for the business is so constant, & unecessary attention - to it so necessary that it takes entire possession of mind & heart & really makes one forget other duties most dreadfully - I regret many things & chiefly that I scarcely can have even one half hour for serious reading - I am forgetting everything I knew & not gaining any new ideas - except upon housekeeping - indeed I pine for quietness & leisure - [line crossed out here & indecipherable] - but really tho' we have lived alone, we have not had retirement, in its agreeable sense - we have lost the advantages which must be derived from intercourse with our fellow tenants here below - & we have not gained any of the sweets of retired life -

I always liked it but for the lst two years of my residence in Ireland I particularly enjoyed quiet intercourse with sensible people - but my dear - I do enjoy & delight in cheerfulness - surely there is nothing wrong in indulging the flow of good spirits if one is blest with them - I think great cheerfulness & lively animation is quite consistant with sincere religion - & I think that lovely & cheerful intercourse with each other is not only right but actually necessary to preserve us from sinking into simple selfishness & apathy- You have learned before this that we have got a very excellent pious clergyman who sincerely wishes to do good - he keeps the Govt School & also the Sunday school, which is well attended - & every sunday his Congregation is encreasing - I think there were 74 people there the last sunday - Mr Armour is extremely active in visiting the people, & giving them good advice - & is gaining so much influence over them that it is quite delightful - One man near this who heard about Toms intention of having a church built 2 years ago - said - that he would sooner give assistance to pull down a church than to build it" - this same man has been at church the two last sundays - I rejoice to hear that Mrs Pakenham & her nice little boys are so well - She seems indeed to be a most valuable friend - Yesterday I received a letter from John Bennet - who lived with Mr P - poor creature he had been shipwrecked & lost every thing he possessed except his life & his wife - he wrote to tell me that he & his wife were living with a gentleman at Halifax - he as footman she as Cook - but expressing great anxiety to come & live amongst his countrymen - but nobody in this neighborhood ever thinks of keeping inside manservants - as he says he wishes to hire in that capicity - I only know two places at Cobourg where there are manservants - & even there they work out of doors too when necessary - I am going to answer his letter immediately - there is no land now remaining [ ]

78-008/1/7 #123

[ ] bother you, - my dear dear aunt Susan is very stout thank God & sends you a mushy note in this - Mrs Tisdall wanted her & me to go to Charlesfort on Friday next to spend the day &night, but aunt S wd not go & I did not wish to go then - Mrs & Miss Mitford are there now, & both Mother & daughter trying to outvie one another as to Conceit - it is quite sickening, & as I am sometimes bilious you know I might have to take a double dose of mustard seed after being in their company - The Merrion St ladies & aunt Waller have all just been here all well & stout & now my life & love God bless & keep you & your dear little ones belonging to you is the prayer of Your attached & affectionate sister

C Browne. -

[Written on the back:

Catherine Septr - 1826


Mrs Thos Alexr Stewart


Newcastle District

Upper Canada

Written in pencil in another hand:

Kay, written by G Aunt Kirkpatrick before her marriage]

78-008/1/7 #124

Jany 24 1827

I have safely received your packet of the 19th which I will forward carefully in my next Canada letters. A few days ago I received also the packet which Miss Wilson sent in Novr last I believe by some private hand; where it has been all this time I cannot imagine, but I beg you will be so good as to express to her my thanks for her note. I had the pleasure of receiving a letter from Fanny last week, and did indeed think of writing to tell you, but I was laid up for some days by a severe cold which interrupted all my good intentions. October 30 was the date - The weather had grown cold, & she says it was something like the approach of winter - The Thermometer having been two mornings as low as 16 or 17 -! She was at that time tormented by pain & Rheumatism in her head, but was otherwise well I believe. They were extremely busy altering the house, & had been for a week or two in the midst of dirt & confusion - but the house will she says be much more comfortable than it ever was before - & more convenient in many respects, & she seems very happy at the improvements

Mr Stewart's ague had I hope gone away for this year, as he had not shaken for some time

He had not of course received any of my letters relative to his affairs here - and I cannot at all guess what he writes to be done, till I hear again from him which I hope I may soon; but at this time of year letters come very slowly. I had no idea till I heard from Mr Thomson that the amount of debt on his property was as great as it is was indeed it makes me very unhappy.

As to making any arrangements of his affairs it is impossible to proceed rapidly when he is at such a distance, and the whole of the affairs so much enveloped in confusion as they appear to be -.

Fanny mentions that an interesting circumstance had occured at Peterborough about three weeks before she wrote.

Thirty five Indians men & women & children came to church there, behaved extremely well during the service & were very attentive & anxious to understand it. After it was over they came forward with their primers and cards of letters requesting the ladies & Gentlemen to instruct them, & seeming really very desiring to be taught. They were converted to Christianity in the course of the summer by a country man of their own who had been taught by an English missionary; and though continually drunk before, have since their conversion become quite sober & well mannered.

Fanny likes very much the clergyman who is now at Peterborough - Mr Armour - he is a very zealous and very mild good man, & has already induced many to go regularly to church who seemed at first obstinately determined to neglect it. His wife is very kind & friendly & very tender kind nurse - Fanny finds great comfort in her friendship - & as she was so kind as to go frequently & sit part of the day with her & help to nurse Tom when she was ill; I am in great hopes that she will go to her when she is confined & save her from much of the uncomfortableness that she suffered in her last confinement. I am sorry to say that about next month poor Fanny is to add another Canadian to her large family

I hope it may be a boy, as the fine little fellow she has is too precious a treasure. I think her spirits seemed altogether better than in some of her former letters. She said she had received a psalm book which I sent her in round about way, just in time, when she & the Reids & a neighboring gentleman had agreed to sing together in church every Sunday - & to meet for the purpose of practising every Saturday evening at her house - She says that on the whole they "make a very pretty noise in church" - I wish we could look with certainty to any time for the return of these dear friends - but unless we could be sure of some suitable employment for Mr Stewart, how could we encourage them to come home, knowing that they could not live on the small income here. and to procure any kind of employment seems impossible - I beg my kind remembrances to Miss Wilson & also to Mrs E Johnson & Mr Stewarts family & am my dear Madam your much obliged & faithful

H Beaufort

Should you see Mr Thompson pray be so kind as to tell him I am not well, but hope to answer him by tomorrow if possible

I forwarded in a former packet to Fanny the joint letter of Miss Wilson & her brother which they were so good as to allow me.

[Addressed to

Mrs Wilson






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Merrion St July 28 1827

What! Still at Merrion St! I hear you exclaim - Yes indeed my dearest Fanny here we are though the summer is nearly over; still living in this deserted city - and all very well - & not a whit the worse for it. The summer is by no means steadily hot, though it takes fits of it now & then - but there is a good deal of wind which keeps the air fresh - and there is more rain that is quite agreeable. I mentioned I believe in my letter sent by Liverpool, that Dr Marsh had ordered Draught for Bess - for the only ailment she has now, a pain over one eye early in the morning which was very annoying to her. - She takes one Draught at 12 - & drives out in a jaunting car - drives at 3 OClock & takes another draught between 5 & 6 & drives out again! - I believe the medicine is of use to her - but I am very certain the drives are, being so much out in the air is of the greatest use to her - but it does to be sure make one a little idle - tho' not so much so as you might imagine - because by a little management one can get a good deal into the day after all. This car life is of the greatest use to Anne - for besides the air which is I believe excellent for every mortal, it forces her to save here eyes & let them idle a great deal.

My Mother & Lou go on pretty well at Kilmashagne, & they think my mother is better for change of air - We went there the other day & dined at three with them & had a delightful drive home at half past seven - & then I worked in the garden till past eight - how often I think of you my own darling old child when I am at that wearisome business which you used to make so pleasant when you were my partner & companion.

My Mother & Louisa came in on tuesday morning to see Sophy Ruxton who came about a tooth - suffered so much she was obliged after having been with Maclean, to lie down & she was good for nothing the whole day - so we made them stay Wedy - She went again to Maclean - & just the same happened - & they saw but little of her - Thursday it rained comfortably the whole day, so that there could be no doubt as to staying - & sophy was much better - and yesterday we persuaded them to stay to dinner, & then go home to tea - Thursday was so fine this was a beautiful plan - but just as they set out the evening grew very damp & mizzly - nothing very bad & it is not quite an hour's drive. It is pleasant to have them so near as we can meet so often - indeed I wish they were not to go to Cork this winter at all - for I know they are much happier here - particularly in the winter months - I need scarcely tell you that I am quite well - but I am & am as strong as an Old lioness I assure you

Yesterday morning in the nicest time came a Wilmot-Horton when we were all together after breakfast - it was finished May 24 - your own dear & blessed birthday my beloved Fanny - a day most precious as your own dear self is - The first thing that appeared was a letter for Sophy R - which I was happy to present to her - I beg you will tell Tom that I am most particularly obliged for his letter which is most satisfactory - but I must write to himself & thank him. It was very interesting to all my audience, but particularly Sophy who is such an experienced farmer. I shall be full of very great impatience for your next letter my dearest Fanny - both to know what Mr Galt has done for him - & how he is - I lament that pain very much & fear the journey to York must have been very distressing - I hope if there is any good physician or surgeon there, he will consult him while he is there. Oh I know you will write as soon as you can & will tell us every sort of particular of Mr Galt & his conduct - & of poor Tom himself. I can't imagine why Mr Galt should change so much - & yet there seems to be a change - but perhaps it is only the effect of the hurry of business, & that when Tom is with him all may be made smooth again - - Maria E & Francis have been so anxious about this that they will be most disappointed if nothing comes at last of Mr Galt - but Francis in his last letter says that to his great disappointment the Direction of the Canada Company will not be appointed this year - which spoils his schemes - I do not know what his schemes are - but I imagine he would have tried to be one of the Directors himself - which would have been a most favorable circumstance. Perhaps next year this may be. He is Director of so many different companys that I dont know how he continues to have a thought for anything else - but he does find time for all kinds of things - science & usefulness - & kindness to his friends - In the midst of all his occupations he is taking the trouble of reading over carefully, my little book - of whose fate I have nothing yet to tell you my dearest - but if it to be published at all, I hope I shall have it ready to send you next year - I am much afraid that it will be but a flat thing - and that even you partial as you are expect nothing good of it. -

My dear Fanny do not ever imagine for a moment that I think you indifferent about any thing concerning us - that is indeed the greatest of all mistakes - for I never never did - & when I say that you made no remark on such a thing - or never asked about so & so, you are not at all to suppose that I doubt your interest or am impatient at your not mentioning it - Sometimes in writing one forgets how long a time must pass before the answer comes - & one expects an answer on a remark long before it can arrive - so pray dont mind those foolish things that I say - Our letters frequently cross each other on the way - which is another reason that I seem to say you have not answered; But answer or no answer - & [ ] and indeed my dearest Fanny - it never entered one or our noodles to think you had grown indifferent to any of our little concerns -full well we know how it delights you to know all even the smallest little circumstance belonging to us, & indeed dear when I omit them; it is not intentionally, but from that being which seems to persue me whatever I am about - & which is all caused I am sure by some want of method in myself

You ask about the abscess - it is in Status quo - always open, but in general discharging very little - some odd times it takes a caper and produces a quantity of deep yellow stuff - so much even as to run down in a stream - & then does not for months again - but it is much more desirable that the bile should go downwards through the bowels, naturally - than come in any other way. Bess is quite free from cough - & I am in hope the Quinine & Quassia which she takes & the car drives if she will but persevere in them will strengthen her greatly

Honora comes here next week on her way to England with Sneyd - I hope to goodness he will let her come back before winter for she is better at Etown than any where in winter - & indeed I do not like that she who is so delicate should live much with people so unhealthy as Sneyd & Mrs E - Sneyd looks uncommonly well now - but a vast deal older - he looks like an old man of fifty I think - & tho' in very tolerable health for him - yet he is obliged to guard against cold & fatigue & over excitment - just like a sick girl. Mrs E is at Horrowgate & was rather better, but has been very indifferent since he left her - indeed I think it is foolish of her to write every day & tell him how ill she is because he left her - & how many spasms she has &c - They have some idea again of taking place in Co. Wicklow they think a little of Mr Knox's beautiful cottage at Rostrevor - but I am much inclined to their going abroad again -

Indeed people who are accustomed to live on the continent for a few years, acquire such a taste for the sort of society they meet there - & the facility of it, that they do not get on well in these dull stay at home countries, where people have plenty of home employment & do not want everlasting vanity. This puts me in mind of poor Mrs Smyth of Gaybrook who is so fond of rambling - that I do think she wd have been delighted to have had a good excuse for going abroad again - but affairs are now all changed - & they will once more reside at Gaybrook, at least a good deal - Ralph of whose horrid habits of drinking & extravagance I am sure I told you at last grew so bad that Apopletic fits were quite a common thing to him - & between them & drinking morning noon & night, & anxiety & fear of being sent to Jail - he was quite wrong in his head for the last two months - about a fortnight since - he was attacked again by these fits & had 7 in one day poor creature - & then lay insensible from Monday to Sunday night when he died - his mother had never heard of his illness till Saturday late in the day when she instantly set out - & reached Gaybrook in the middle of Saturday night - Robt arrived too - there was great fear that he had made a will leaving Gaybrook & everything to His wife & her brother Mr Capel - the will never had been perfected so it comes to Robt without dispute or difficulty - & his widow has her good jointure of £800 per an - His debts were very great so that it will be years before amiable Robert can do anything with the property but pay off his brothers debts which he has very amiably tho' not very prudently taken on himself - Mrs Smythe is come back I hear to Glen Southwell but - I have heard no more particulars yet - except Mrs Ralph & she are on very good terms - & Mrs Ralph is to go to Paris to her mother

This is some of the last paper I sent you - & I am vexed to find that it lets the ink through so much I am afraid you will find it a great bother

Maria has just published a little vol of plays that the children used to act - & I sent it in the box of seeds along with those you wished for by the author of Dimallan [Miss Kennedy] - & a few others that I took a fancy to - I sent a very small quantity of seeds, because your letter was so late in arriving that the seed will not get to you till Autumn & they will not be so good next spring as those saved this year a little box of which I will send you in the very first Quebec vessel - Simpson says that he supplies several people in Canada & that is the way he manages - Should the frosts not have begun he advised you to try sowing half the early Hotspun pea - some of the Spinach & the Early York & flat Dutch Cabbage in Autumn - but he is afraid the long continued snow will be too much for them - He recommends to sow salt along with the seeds in the ground, which will help to preserve the young plants from the caterpillars [by the way you doubled the t in that word in your last letters] - and he strongly recommends the sprinkiling of the seedlings with Lime & the earth about them which he thinks you would find very advantageous - I hope you have kept some of these caterpillars & that you will observe by that means what it is that produces them - besides we want to know here very particularly what they are & all the particulars of the description of the creature in every stage - it is indeed a cruel torment to have them come thus & destroy your nice young plants & undo all that poor Tom has labored at - Sophy Ruxton advised you to try the effect of smoke of burning sulphur - if placed so that the wind will blow smoke against the caterpillars she thinks it will have a very good effect. And for Bugs - she says you will find the use of essence of Pennyroyal very effectual - note it on yourself & your clothes & your bed in short wherever you are infested by bugs - I wish I had known this in time to have sent you some, but I will remember it against next year's box - in the meantime perhaps your Dr can give you some

We have promised to pay a short visit in Septr to Etown - and we are to go to Cloonagh to the Barry Fox first for a little visit on our way to Etown - & either before or afterwards I dont know yet, to Harriet Butler - It is very inconvenient that Fanny has fixed the latter part of September for going to her - for that will put our Trim visit into October & leave us very little fine weather for the country - for we cannot pay a very long visit to Cloonagh & therefore cannot leave town till we can make all the visits hook nicely together. We have not been bidden by any of our Meath friends this year. Sophy & Barry came over from Engd a fortnight ago - He is very well & grown quite strong - Maxwell a very nice little coaxing engaging creature as ever you saw, with fine black eyes - very like Mrs Ruxton - he is very pretty as an infant - but I think his mouth will be ugly when he grows up - They are all at Etown now to meet Sneyd who is there - on Monday he goes to Trim - The Butlers came to town on Monday & came here that evening - & dined here next day - indeed Mr B gave Harriet to us in the morning so that we had her very comfortably to ourselves all Tuesday - Wedy we had her part or the morning - & at three they left town - She looks well but thin - Mr B looks wretchedly - & has been very unwell - he looks wan & swallow & his lips all white. The famous Dr Brewster of Edinburgh has been in Ireland lately & seems very much pleased with it - he met Wm E at Belfast, & went with him across the country to Etown - but he had first of all been among the Belfast people or in the neighborhood rather - for Mr Legge took him about to show him antiquities, & the remains of a Vitrified fort about 6 miles from Belfast - just like what they have in Scotland - which no one ever yet has accounted for - the stones of many are half run to glass by the heat applied & cemented by it so as to like great stones & glass all run together like stones stiking in glass - He was also at Ballydraine at Mr Younghusbands, & is quite charmed with Miss Younghusband who is tall & handsome & accomplished & agreeable & heiress to a fine property - Dr B wants William E very much to fall in love with her - her being very tall - & a botanist seem the greatest objections on William's part - he is much engaged laying out new roads about Belfast - & is a great deal with Mr Legge who always speaks with great friendship of you & Tom - & of Mr J Stewart too with great mildness & moderation - William will I believe be ["very much" crossed out] occupied also about a new road at the Garron point - Ly Antrims husband wants him very much to go to Clenam & lay out a new line of road to avoid the hill - & I wish he may because I know he will do it with taste Poor fellow he looks ill & is too much exposed to cold I think - I must write to Tom

I hear all the Waller young men are greatly improved by their travels

Francis & all his people well - he will tell you how to direct - but your packets came very safe - Wm & all at Glynton middling - he is very rheumatick - & Emma hurt herself falling - The poor Bp of Cork very indifferent

Aunt Mayne very ill -

Hamilton well & all in the country so is every creature This is a very hot an very windy day Thermr 75 - Dr Brewster wants that all over the world every where some one should on the 17th July keep an hourly acct of the Thermr for 24 hours - I had a mind to offer it to him from Canada - but I thought it would be troublesome to you or Tom to sit up all night -

Dr B came to town an Sunday, & was here every evening for 3 evenings - he is very pleasing agreeable man - We had the Surgeon Gen1 to meet him - one night - & Dr Macartney another

Now dear I must stop I am so bothered by people speaking to me - I wish I could in reality embrace you as I do in mind & heart - for evermore you are my most dear beloved Fanny

Anne is better altogether I think in health & strength - but her eye will I much fear never recover - she is very cheerful

The evening before the Hams went away I read them a parcel of your letters - last night I read some to S R

Bessy Dallas' match is put off on acct of her health - wh is very indifferent they do not come over this year

God bless you my dearest old darling child

Your ever affecte Moome

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Douro 19th August 1827

My dear Honora

As I learned by Harriets last letter that you were to leave home soon for France I dare say it may be many months before you receive this - but I was so completely conscience stricken by your letter that I can no longer delay making my confession and acknowledging that I am the negligent and ungrateful person - not so in reality however - merely in appearance - I did my dear friend receive your long & kind letter last year & I also received that of Feby 14th 1827 - my not telling you sooner of their arrival & thanking you for them was caused by my feeling that our life so very monotonous could not afford matter to make a long letter interesting - & I did not like to return a short one for your charming folios - now however events on your side of the world have caused some change in my plans about long & short letters - & you see I am writing a short letter because its contents may be very old - & you may have heard a great deal about us from some of your other correspondents before you can read this - I hope you may enjoy your trip to Paris more than you expected - Your reason for fearing to go amused me a little - for I can scarcely conceive that you who have always lived so much in literary society & along with people to whom French is as familiar as their native tongue - should so much fear visiting a country, where every one goes & which appears now so much in every ones power to visit - but be this as it may I am glad you have gone - for I am quite sure you must have found it delightful - I am very sorry that poor Mrs E has suffered so very much from illness - & hope that Harrowgate may have been of use to her pray give her my kindness remembrance to her & my affectionate love to my dear Sneyd - tell him I have read the Life of Lonpensier with extreme interest - how very kind of Sneyd to think of his poor old playfellow - & how gratifying it is to me to receive so many & such constant proofs of attachment from my dear friends -

I dare say as you passed thro' England you visited Aunt Mary - & how much the pleasure of your visit to her must have been increased by her solitude during the absence of Mr Mrs & Miss Sneyd - my dear ever kind & considerate Aunt Mary, who has been so has been so to me ever since I was little Fanny Browne - pray give my tender love to her & thank her again for her handsome & useful presents - what an admirable bread knife - & what a nice butter knife! - they are both quite ornamental as well as very useful at our breakfast & tea table - Our home made loaves are a different shape from what you have I dare say seen at home - for we bake in what is here called a Bake Kettle or Dutch oven - & our loaves are like great huge cakes - more than loaves - so that a strong broad knife for cutting them adds considerably to the ease & expedition with which I may perform that operation - so necessary every morn & evening for a parcel of impatient little animals called children.

You my dearest Gosilrac Crow friend have also been kindly considerate for our comfort - what a nice large thick hearth-rug! Our sparkling wooden fires made me afraid of its beauty being too soon spoiled, as we have not yet had a fender so that I have but seldom used it - however by Aunt Bess's good nature & generosity we shall enjoy its comfort this winter - for I hear she is actually sending out a Fender - The Alphabet is a never ending source of amusement to little Bessy & William the former particularly, 3 ½ years old, who knows most of the letters - The Battledores & shuttlecocks were a new & delightful recreation for your young friends Anna & Ellen - as well as many older people, last winter our rooms are much too small & low for playing it within doors - but on some of our calm clear days when the snow was so firmly encrusted with ice as to allow people to walk on it without sinking - they used to play outside - & as such never had been seen in this part of the world before, many young English children who had left home infants or little children were quite surprised at this new amusement - I cannot tell you with what increased interest I have lately re-read a great part of Capt Halls Journal which you sent me the year before last - for we have really seen & conversed with him - & had the pleasure of & honour of having him & Mrs Hall in this house; - I have so many resources & pleasures now that I am never at a loss for employment & amusement - indeed that I never was in my life yet, it is a feeling I only can conceive from description my great want here is time to indulge myself in any of my favourite pursuits - & a lively agreeable lady like companion - to converse with sometimes - these I hope I shall have in time - the first I hope is not far distant - for when my nurseling little Francis is able to take care of himself - & requires less watching I shall be able to do much more than I have since his birth - for having no Nursery or Nurse I am I may say at all hours of the day & night engaged a good deal with him - he is however one of the most easily managed dear little fat infants I ever saw - & dark hair & when his cap is off is exceptionly like a person who perhaps you may have seen sometime or other - Mr Smythe of Benison Lodge - this same man was cousin german to my father & I am in hopes my little Franky may be like his Grandpapa - here he comes as hungry as can be - so I must stop & satisfy his apetite - and now I must end my long Epistle by assuring you my dear Honora that you possess the sincere affection of your old friend & companion

Fanny Stewart

I send you a few of our wild White Violets in return for your nice nosegay of Violets & Primroses last year - Oh the colour of them was reviving to my eyes - but alas! - the smell was gone - Our wild Violets smell more like pansies - they are very sweet, but not the sweet odour of your purple garden Violets

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Quebec 8th of October 1827 -

My dear Aunt Fanny

I this morning had the pleasure of securing your much esteemed Letter of the 21st September which I am sorry at receiving it having put you to an unnecessary expense in Postage as you may always send my letters under cover to Capt. Fitzgerald Depy Adjt Genl Office of this City such at least was the permission granted to me by Colonel Foster & it only remains for you to take advantage of it whenever you feel inclined to drop me a few lines - We have dates from England up to the first of September - no important news cross the finest ever know - but I am sorry to say I have had bad news from this place failures are beginning to take place again here - Stuart Calcoff & Co of Montreal failed a few days since also Mr Davis of Quebec not for large amounts - in fact it is very difficult to say who he may or may not be safe at this moment for I fear it is but fore-runner of many others such I hope however is not the case & indeed if there was about £300 a year added to Your income with some more & better polished Society I would then consider your case of mind & actual happiness equal to a Merchant of £30000 Capital who speculates as to my own part I am indifferent what may turn up so as my friends are safe because my friends I trust will remain safe. There are many things in your last Letter 21st September I intend answering you full particularly the prices of Spirits & Teas, Calicoes &c of the first & indeed generally I have not a good knowledge of the prices of Articles but intended to devote some time this winter to that purpose however I shall give you every information at present. Spirits is generally understood here to mean Rum not reduced Sells from 3/6d & 5/-d p Gallon we sold some "Leeward Island" at 3/6d the other day - Teas common Breakfast 4/5 & 5/0d 2 lb but then the quality is much superior to you Peterboro' best - Linen Black from 1/- & 4/-d p yd brown hollands from 10d & 1/- p yd Common bleached Linen runs from ¼ & 4/6d p yd this last I could purchase to considerable advantage as Mr Hamilton is so large an importer of the article that is known from his G-Hamilton by the cognomen of Linen Hamilton - Soap is also an article of our Import 4d & 4 ½ p lb is the usual price Calicoes we receive large consignments but really the quality sent out for the Canadian Market is very inferior the generally run from 4d & 1/-d p yd however so much depends on the article bought the manner of payment the quantity in market or expected & the actual consumption that I cannot give a fixed rate. Comforters woolens, we received a consignment of they sold 20/-d p dozen but they were handsome white double ones of Conamara Socks invoiced to us & 3/-d p dozen lbs - are selling at 5/- p dozen by - I took a dozen not of course paying for them but I wore a pair out in 4 days - being made of the refuse wool they do not stand - Some beautiful 4/4 wd Superfine amber Crd Chintz Muslin in pieces of 24 yds each sold for 1/11d p yd but it was really beautiful - Plate furniture Calicoes of a common kind sells at -/ ½ p yd in 28 yd pieces - but taking a piece of any of those things for you I would wait until the article was sold & pay for at lowest price - for as the lent from home because the demand for them has ceased and as Mr Hamilton sells on Comn for the Manufacturers I would not consider myself behaving in an unfair manner to any party& besides I must look always to my own friends interest in the first place, berona Hncfs of Muslin 4/4 wd Sold for 6/- p dozen. We received 16 Cases of Cottens from the house of John Bell Co of Belfast the printed Calicoes are selling from -/-& 10 p yd Some of our Mull Muslin 5/4 wd fit for making frills being white & thin sold the other day some at 6d p yd and some at 10d p yd of the identical same kind - there is a system whch is getting into practice very much of selling by auction - it is more kept up by the Canadian Shopkeepers who are always buying a trifle but keep constantly at it and as their shops contain everything from a needle to an Anchor it becomes necessary you should have a general assortment to please the lads - There were some very fine Donegall Socks & stockings of ours offered to day at one of the auction rooms I took one dozen famous Socks at 9/- the dozen much cheeper than you could possible knit them & indeed in my humble opinion I think it is a great waste of your time knitting socks & stockings unless as I know you do before the candles come in the Evening. There are some famous warm Stockings for children which are selling for 1/ p or 12/ p dozen I often think that they would do nicely for your wild ones & really when you consider the time taking up knitting one pair & the actual cost of wool it is much cheaper than they ought to be - when Merchants as anxious to close Sales of any article of which they have nearly sold all bargains are to be had to day a few dozen of those thick woolen caps the French are so fond of wearing & of which an inferior degree are sold in Peterboro' at 2/6 each were sold to day at 3/- p dozen thus on the article there wd be a difference of Eleven hundred p between this & your flattering village - I know I have written an amazing deal of nonsence in this long letter but you must of course pardon it for Scolding is absurd and flinging a tin impossible however I know it will occupy your mind & ideas for a considerable period to decipher some & comprehend other parts of this my letter - There is one more subject to which I should like to call your attention and give you every information on in my power I mean the drawing of you money for you are of course aware that Sterling on being converted into Currency increases 1/9th but upon this addition of 1/9th there is another addition which is called the Premium in a bill or the Exchange now this varies much from 6PC to 8 ½ PCt as it depends on many causes but one difference is always made that is 2 PCt more is given for a bill on London above a bill in Dublin there is also a difference of two PCt between Quebec & New York or in plain language you would receive 11 PCt Premium for your bill by selling it in New York when you would receive but 9 PCt Prime in Quebec however I would not advise any change from your present manner unless you had some much steadier agent than I happen to have the name of and indeed I should not like to do anything further than buy a few things for my friends until I am some years hence thinking of beginning on mine own account - I may fairly say I have written enough of botheration However I cannot nor will not without giving you some tolerable idear of our ways & means, views &c - There is no part of Canada not expecting the more beautiful river & country round Niagara where a more Splendid or really magnificent view of a highly cultivated Country with beautiful hills cover'd to the top with trees resting behind a noble body of water fine Shipping & in fact every desideration of a fine view & where with the Camera obscura you have a most exquisite minature -

Colonel Foster had a very fine camera with which I enjoyed myself very much while with him but that with many other pleasing things has fled with him but I shall not repine as I have many things to make me happy such as a kind friend in Mr H- &c he is getting more familiar & enters more into my private affairs. I was very near being sent to Montreal some time since to collect a debt due him but other causes wh have rendered it useless so did not go

16th October - You may not perceive but I have been a fortnight about the long letter & intended to have given some useful news but am afraid I have failed - Your much esteemed "as Merchants Day" came to hand informing of the forwarding of my box but without the useful news, of the whole case consigned which I must expect from you soon - By yours I perceive Nancy Bailey is living with you - My really private advice to you is to get rid of her as she is a confirmed drinker - So I have from undoubted authority Colonel Foster whom nothing but conviction wd have made him say so Say not one word of this to any but T.A.S. - You ask me to give particulars of myself &c - I shall do so in the next page to the fullest extent in my power therefore I must conclude this very long & tedious "on your part" letter by begging you will send me down without delay the particulars concerning my box to whom consigned in Kingston, Montreal &c. - if you had sent it before it would have been of Service to me as Mr Hamiltons Brother is at Kingston & would act Agent for me - There are some things I feel I have forgotten to mention but at some future time I shall give them - My health continues improving and I am in hopes will continue so - remember me kindly to all my friends in Ireland and tell Miss K that I have not been so very foolish in giving up a farming life, as She considered me by one of her letters to you in the Spring - but I forgive her and all my other enemies in that Quarter - Colonel F - repeatedly appologised for not writing & truly he had not time - You will have time to send Mr H a letter to Miss B - as he does not depart for Six weeks - I shall write Miss B- by our vessel going to Dublin; if I secure any news from your quarter worthy of notice before the departure of aforesaid vessel - I have but one request to make of you that regardless of what I have before mentioned you will write me frequently & if not too troublesome in the "French Language -

I believe this is page number Ten - you may be well astonished as I cannot write every week I think it much better as I am sending by a free opportunity to Send a long one the oppoy is some case papers going for Mr Reids Signature. When you send a letter or letters write plenty of news for its better for me to do without the pleasure of your letters for Say 3 weeks at a time & secure fat packets than infringe on Capt Fitzs kindness - this is for yr information alone, though on Second thought its no expense & but little trouble to write often of course plenty in them - Our household affairs are these a Woman who acts as housekeeper & Cook & a boy two very neat rooms & well furnished for letting & dining rooms - Our table expenses are about 12/- p diem five young men & two servts house rent £100 p annum he keeps no horse now as he is going home The total of his House Expenses are about £1-0-0 a day I rise at Six go into the office or some of the Public places & try to find out the news Breakfast at Seven lunch at 1 oclock Our Breakfast consists of some hot meat tea Coffee & a lunch of Bread butter cheese & wine - dinner at five Sit & take one or two glasses of wine down to the office till tea at 7 - after tea, down to the office till nine ten Eleven & even till 2 oclock then take a tumbler & into bed. I have here given a Sketch of our bussiest times now or Shortly hence there will be nothing done or next to nothing Mr Hamilton came in a few minutes since with a likeness which he got taken to day by that Paper Cutter "Master Hanks", he wants me to get mine taken but I'm Swithering The Expense is I believe 2/6 or 5/- & I therefore think I shall not if however I do I shall send it to you as the friend who feels most deeply & sincerely interested for my welfare & happiness - as I now have plenty of time to myself I am fully determined as you may see to write a love letter - You enquire by todays letter if I have many friends here fortunately I have not as I did not deliver my letters personally on arrival here - I am most anxious therefore to get myself introduced to some of the Most respectable people of this Town - I have written to Edward to requested Colonel Foster to State in plain terms to him, the necessity of good Introductions - You will I know wonder why Colonel Foster did not Introduce me - the fact is he saw no company & therefore had no means of Introducing me - I shall not consider myself demanding a favor of you if I say I should thank you for one or two good ones if you could procure them without its being awkward to you but I believe it would be an unfair request so shall entirely to your own better sense to decide. I often think of the pleasure I shall experience in meeting some of yr friends when I go home & tell them such humdrum stories of yr parts and affairs - particularly Miss Catherine who I hope is married or soon to be so - Probably she might fancy Jimmy Hamilton as he handsome active Enterprising & well supported only let her have her fortune well secured as the Merchants life is almost a lottery if fond of speculating which Master Jimmy is though as far as I have seen always guided by good appearances & sound causes & moreover he always joins with some well established Merchant - now ["now" crossed out] - Yesterday they Bought a small vessel bound for Dublin; but in conjunction with another merchant, "what a famous opportunity for sending home something" - must close for this Evening by observing that a vessel has been wrecked in the Gulph going home She was called the "Brothers" but not the one that Colonel Foster went home it being called the "Two Brothers" - I before mentioned the failure of the Sneyds in Dublin they were Lumber Merchants not the wine merchants - a large transport Setting off missed Stays, & ran ashore on point Levi - the new Steam boat the John Molson 150 horse power is now runing She comes from Montreal in16 hours in calm weather; She is a most beautiful model & very capacious - October 19th - The weather is become very cold so much so that Snow has fallen, but not lain. The Stoves are in great requisition & in my opinion cheap - a neat small one 10$ and pipes 1/6 & 1/8 each -

[insert chart here]

I have here given you for private information the prices at which goods consigned us this year have been sold at Auctioneers you probably cannot judge of them not knowing the quality from my description -

Now I may fairly conclude wishing you the comforts I enjoy, also happiness & peace of mind

Ever yours affectionately

Sydney Robert BellinghamThe last letter

Mrs T A Stewart


Upper Canada

8 October 1827

78-008/1/7 #128

Laidstown near Drumcree County Westmeath

23 May 1827-

My dear Tom

It is not long since Anna M wrote a joint letter to you which I suppose you will shortly receive, that being the New season of the year & the communication clear - Since writing that, we have had some unpleasant reports from Canada or a tendency towards rebellion, in that quarter in consequence of law enforces against aliens - We have been very uneasy of your accounts, but I think our alarm has been greater than there was cause for & a hint of disaffection once taken root in Canada we may bid farewell to any permanent coherence to this Country for the Americans will be on the alert to fan the flame -

Write the moment you receive this & let us know the state of affairs & direct you letter as above, for Drumcree has been a Post Town [6 days in the week] for 6 or 7 years back - Have had a letter from Anna Mathias, on the subject of family affairs & I am glad although she & Mathias have taken the management of [ ] out of Wilson's hands who has behaved towards them in a most shamefully negligent manner, to their manifest & serious loss - You are aware that Sara has administered to My Mothers Will & that she & A Mathias with the assistance of James Frood are managing the business hitherto there has been a great clashing of interests parties pulling different ways by which no one wuld come at their rights; when last in Dublin, I pointed out that all those Properties enjoyed by my Mother were subject to the claims of all my Fathers children, & that untill they were laid no one else could touch them & Assignees are aware of that. Very [ ] or foolish Blayney Mitchel to reissue the rents for them. She in her true character paid them over to the Assignees; they are aware & have confessed they have no right to them so long as my Fathers childrens claims are unsatisfied; & they have at that moment above £1000 in their hands which they dare not touch knowing that they may be called upon for it; and in fact the whole of these Properties from the cause I have started are now unclaimed by any one - I at the same time pointed out, that all the Parties [my Father's children] who have a claim on these properties would go hand in hand, that they would very shortly be able to substantiate these claims; they have taken my advice with the sole exception of Mitchell & matters are in a fair way of being brought to a [ ] ble termination; as part of your Property was made liable these claims by my Fathers Will; there is every reason to think indeed almost certain, that these enjoyed by my Mother together with Tenis's land by me, will be sufficent to pay them all without touching upon yours; & if these claims are satisfied the Assignees can have no claim on yours - & it will of course be the wish of all to save you - but it is I understand from the Tilly necessary to make you a Party in Business, & also that you should appoint a Person with a Power of Attorney to act for you & I have been requested by Anne & Sara to write to explain matters which I take I have been sucessful in doing; in fact these Properties are in the extraordinary predicament of being unclaimed by any one or rather were so till I pointed them out - Tilly will draw out a Letter of Attorney to go to you with a blank for the name - I will take this opportunity of recommending you to nominate someone, that has the entent of the family at heart & who will go hand in hand with them & if you approve of Alexr Wilson, I think it would gratify them all he is indolent, but he is friendly & sincere - or if you did not like him, perhaps Edwd Johnson would be to your wishes, but be assured I only mention these two not for the purpose of dictating, but merely to point out those most eligible & who at the same time would assist in forwarding the views of the family would take care that nothing would be done prejudicial to you - At all events whoever you appoint do it the moment you receive the instrument & return it as soon as possible for every day incurs new expenses & numerous difficulties besides the loss of interest - I take this opportunity of [ ] you that had it not been for the rascally conduct of Mathias & Hill Rowan, there would have been £2000 recovered by my Mothers Excrs, which has now gone into the pockets of Rowans Nephews & Nieces Geo Stewarts Sons being dead - There is also 2 or £300 in hand of my Mothers recovered as Lakefield Rent which will enable her Excrs to contest her claims - You have before this reaches you heard of the days of Ministry - that Canning has formed one & brought in all the old Whigs with exception of Lord Grey - & that all the high Church fath are in the dumps at it - I see your friend Mr Robinson has arrived from Canada & as his relation remains in the administration & has been made a Peer - I hope it may be of some use to you - Lord Bathurst is out -

Our Election is not yet decided & there is a Commission sitting at present in Mullin as Robt Smythe from being 16 or 17 votes behind his oponent Mr Truite is now 28 ahead & expects to [ ] of 60 or 70 more bad Votes whether he will [ ] or not. I dont know

Anna who is delicate all through the winter goes to Ballymacnol on Friday next. I take her as far as Dublin - I think the change of air will be a great service to her - Our poor old friend at Dremcree is still alive, but that is almost all I can say - & we may expect very soon his decease - it will be a great loss to us, he was always kind & affectionate -

Young Tom Smythe [the Parson] has set off for America given up his perpetual Care - & report says, but I hope without truth, that he has taken a servant girl with him - keep this however to yourself - it is possible you may see him before summer is over - We have no kind of intercourse with that family - their conduct to Anna who they were so fond of has been shameful & on this there is but one opinion - but I do not blame poor old Tom Smythe - it is his family - & you know his interest is quite done - Anna desires me to remember her with the sincerest affection to you Fanny & love to the young things - remember us also to the Reids who I hear are doing well. As to ourselves, we have plenty to do with little profit; moreover I can make out a livelyhood I shall be content & as to poor Anna not withstanding her poor health she takes the rough & smooth with chearfulness - Adieu dear Tom ever your sincerely attached & affectionate brother

J Stewart

78-008/1/7 #129

Douro 3d June 1828

My ever dear Cousin

I don't know how long it is since I last wrote to you, but I think it seems a great while. For many many months the Ministerial changes, have sadly interfered with my enclosing privileges, & have been the cause of my not writing to my dear friends but my thoughts were still at Liberty & I think if possible have been with you oftener than ever - for you are connected with every thing that occupies my mind - about six weeks ago your last precious letter reached us, a sad one it was - & caused us many tears - but my dear dear friends - Tho we must weep, we also rejoice - That dear Soul has gone to Everlasting Glory - What a scene of trial & affliction has she been taken from Oh what an inconceivable scene she is now witnessing - What an example she had left!! - She has gone to that Saviour who came for her - to that God, who gave his beloved Son for her, & for us - Yes for us, vile & weak & miserable as we are, He died for us, & we even for me, tho I am the most unworthy of all these creatures - I do in my heart feel how little I desire all these mercies - How can such a great being condescend to guide & govern me that His mercy has increased & is increasing, He gives me His grace which draws my heart & Mind to Him & to His word - Oh how can I love Him enough, & learn to please Him as I ought to do - or how can I study His word even enough. Ever in this life is short - our ever is but a moment compared with His Ever. His kingdom last forever - my best endeabours are nothing - So mixed up with dirt so divided - That heart which ought to belong entirely to its Savoiur - & its God - how it is divided with the treasures of this world Oh may His holy Spirit enter my heart - purify strengthen it - for without Him what a mass of confusion & wickedness it contains Thank God - of late He had given me a much clearer view of the state of my own heart, than I ever before had I always loved or thought I loved Him, - but I loved myself too much - I never really felt my total insufficiency till lately. May He still continue to open my eyes - to give me that entire love for him, & dependence on Him - which will lead me to call upon Him & to pray "without ceasing" & to study His Word - When we shall find His promises - may we bring forth the fruit - How very little do I yet know - nothing I may say. His love is immeasurable - boundless - one but endeavours to serve Him our poor attempts - & yet we are encouraged to hope & trust that He will not dispise them - The more we try the more He will assist us - Let us Pray - & study his word where we shall find His Promises & His answers - Where we shall find Light - for how totally dark are our own poor minds. - What are our best Philosophers & all their publications all dark & ignorant - Oh let us try & pray & use every means He gives us - & still after all how short we come - Oh may our eyes be opened - May we attain that eternal Light - Whose Glory shines forever, & where our knowledge can only attain Perfection - & His Praise be perfect - I could write sheets & volumes, my darling & Beloved friends - I know you feel & understand what I feel, & I can write to you with more freedom & tell you the state of my mind better than to almost anyone else. I owe much to you my best & dearest Mrs Wilson. The great Director of all things employed you & my own dear Mother Mrs Stewart as the means of first opening my eyes, & directing my thoughts where they ought to be - I was very unhappy & awfully sinful some time ago - I set my heart too much on my friends in this world - & pined for them - & wickedly thought I never would have enjoyment without their society - How Mercifully He dealt with me in whose hands I am - He gave me his Grace to feel that I valued them too much - I forgot Him my best friend - He made me to feel the insufficiency of worldly comfort in trials - He did try me & moved me that His words & grace - can alone support & instruct & that friends tho sweet company are but secondary comfort - that their advice sometimes leads one into doubts - but "His help is True" - I am here separated from you all - & often have been placed in very trying situations - & I found my foolish heart regretting those friends from whom I could procure advice - at last I felt the power of His free Grace & Mercy -& flew to Him to shew me my way -

To Him alone can we apply for direction - with any hope of success - My heart is fixed - Oh may He keep it & strengthen it - for it wants strength - Dear dear friends my darling Mrs Wilson - my sweet Mary your prayers for me have been heard - pray still & join me in prayer for an increase of His love -

What would I not give to see you & talk to you - If He sees fit He will permit it - I leave my dearest desires in His care. Who knows what is best - who I know loves me who is my Father - I do hope He may permit us to meet - but I dont see that it would at present be our duty to return home. You know Toms affairs have been placed in the care & management of Mr J. Darling - We cannot see the result it may bring us an independence & restore our family to some of the property they lost, at present we could not live at home independently, here we can & have great blessings. Our farm is doing better - our children are becoming useful, & their minds opening, my dear Tom enjoys good health this year. No ague has appeared yet. May the Lord incline the heart of my dear Tom to that Wisdom which never faileth & may He preserve him by being overcome by the thoughts & cares of this life - Your letters do him much good - more than any other persons - for he loves you so dearly - so do we all.

The Reids are going on well & are always busy - Poor Marys health very delicate - She has a good deal to struggle with - for their means are small at present - he says his expectations are good - I hope he will love her, for she is a good & amiable girl - give our love to dear Mrs Black to whom I wrote 3 months ago, but I could never send the letter so I burned it, her letters used to be amiable, now they are nearly trivial. Give our affectionate love to dear Mrs Sturrock & Harriet about whom we are very anxious I will write to Mrs Sturrock when I know where she is settled. give our affectionate love to dear Mary and Alex ec & write soon to your own affectionate cousin

F Stewart

Tell me something of Betty Taylor is she good or bad - or at service - We had a letter lately from poor dear John & Anna - I am glad they are improving in health. I say nothing of the Indians, as I wrote about them to Anna Mathias - you can hear all from her - Forgive this letter all about my own thoughts - you asked me to write my thoughts Last Saturday it was 6 years since we saw you at White Abbey -

from Mrs Wilsons letter sent to us to read and return to her She loved the writer too much to part with her letter as long as she lives "I will always keep this beside me to read & study - it shows us so plainly what my darling Mother was - she made no show of religion - but felt a little degree - & came out full in her firm consistant life - bearing up under all trials & difficulties to the last day of her life - when she even at that advanced age of 78 had much to bear that would have crushed many a one down down her spirit rose above - all to her Saviour who stood by her to the last & supported her for an endless Eternity oh that word Eternity how great - I trust each of my dear children may read this when I am gone as I know how deeply they adore her memory -

Bessie Brown


Mrs Wilson



78-008/1/7 #130

Maryville 13 Feby 1829

My Dearest Loving Friend

One letter only have I written within this year & you are every day & many many times a day in my thoughts, & my dear Tom, I have great pleasure in thinking on him - I pray my darling Fanny that you may be all nursing Fathers & nursing Mothers to the Church from Maria & Mr Reid & the children I trust may be all the children of God by adoption

I am now reading a very sweet little book called "Hints Xian experience" & the christians duty with respect to it" - it goes to shew that christian experience is that of joy & peace - all that falls short of that is short of the design of a kind provider - if the experience of a christian comes short - that is not Xtian experience - this must be the assurance that Dr Malan speaks about - that stumbles so many people in short it is not our own feelings we are to depend upon - but the attributes the promise of God they are our security nothing of our own fromes which are always flucuating - He alone is stable is sure - when we are favoured dearest Fanny with a sight into that eternal world what a change is it, from darkness to light from the power of Satan to that of God - I often think how presumptious I am in taking that blessed name with my poluted lips - Oh what wonderful mercy that he allows us to call him Father in his covenant engagement with his son - Oh may we make a good profession - & never disgrace that profession - we have great encouragement not in ourselves neither in the example of others - but in the encouraging declarations of our God himself "come unto me" "call upon me" "he that waiteth on the Lord" in the 25 psalm I think it is so many that encouragement are held out - one wd think in ones that we cou'd never forsake him who is so good so forgiving to us - but that every forgiveness leads us to presume - our safest & happiest plan is to ask him according to his permission & come to him for direction - there we shall never be disappointed - it is a wonderful effect the submitting ourselves to his guidance has in taking off a burthen every time we go to him in a stress to ask direction to ask advice, there we come away lightened, knowing that he is able to direct & to help. I don't say we always feel that relief - but always when we go in good earnest. I pray God keep you & me & yours & mine I have just read over a little note or yours dated 1 April - last since which I had your sweet letter of June which I answered about 2 August - in your note you ask if Mr McKnights mother is living. I called at her house directly after on my way to Carrickfergus & found her alive & well. Betty Taylor I hear no mention of hearing about her unless I shoo'd make a piece of business about it - but I shall try to know by the time I write please God - another question was about the old West Indian Uncle - he is living dear old man I know him by character tho I never saw him. The youngest Thomson who was called for him went over, it suited him as he cou'd be better spared & he had used himself to boating & being from home for months observing the building of pleasure boats &c. A yatch club was got up in Belfast lough in competition with one in Glasgow. The Thomsons were prime movers of it & they say a great improvement is observable in the pilot boat in the lough - so Gordon Thomson is boating & riding & keeping up the ball in St Vincents - Robert Thomson alone at Jennymount except his old aunt - John & his wife have removed to Low-wood about 2 miles farther down the shore - we dined with them there lately - I hear nothing of Tom's affairs except a good attorney who Mrs Mathias wrote to by Alexr wou'd go & introduce him to some one that cou'd inform him of Tom's affairs - by the time Alexr recd the letter which came enclosed to one to Mrs Black & got himself dressed & off to town he found that he had had an interview with John Thomson & was himself gone off towards Derry - what the result was he cou'd not learn nor ever heard more - he was a Mr McCredie from the neighborhood of Bath Island & married I think to a niece of Revd Mr Tygh the good old man - I think either I wrote of Alexr did to ask Tom had he owed the years rent I think it was to Lord Donnegale - some mistake in the way of making out the Census something about the rents - called a clerical mistake - however it is discovered that by Ld D & his son making out a joint deed acknowledging their knowledge of this error it may suffice - a Cotton manufacture has three years of Wilmont & is taking the very heart out of it - if there is any left in it the trees are sometime indeed often visited by the poor or rather mischievous for firing - you said John Darley has undertaken your affairs but I understand it is but partially in his power - & he is not an active person so dear knows how it may go with you my precious friend - here we are creeping along not living much better than you are, only we are in the way of seeing the neighbors sometime - we have a [ ] for a few good religious friends once a quarter or so - when alone a little bit does us - now since my sweet Son is a different character Mary & I can make more fun with in many ways & one is that we do not study to keep him pleased by giving him such great things as he wou'd be likely to meet with when asked abroad - in short we let him baby house - he never takes wine or punch but when health requires it as a cordial - we have nothing in the shape of a man servant or person about the yard or stables except laborors - our school Mistress who is very respectable looking attends & we have a very decent Cook of a kind of factotem - & a little orphan girl at 12 yr old bringing her up to be a servant, at present she is a kind of slow - we are very comfortable thanks God - We got £15 from the county for educating the poor of Ireland to help to fit up our school house with Iron slates &c & we have 40 Scholars every day taught upon this plan which is an improvement upon Bell & Lancaster plan at least a modification of it - we have 40 Sunday scholars from three till five & [ ] - in the week Alex has an adult class, then we have teaching wh for a class for singing sacred music among the scholars - we have prayers in the school house at ½ past nine before the school assembles when the laborours & their wives who come with their breakfast hear the scriptures read & Scotts commentary altogether half an hour - Alexr is chaplain & I must say that the neighbors are coming much more about preaching & I trust about their Souls than formerly - I trust there is a Sti[ ] when, wise men & good say there is such a moral & religious change working in the lower class as to cause less fear of political commotion - again I am sometime tempted to think it is well for you that have escaped all that appears before us - we know who observes all things - again a very religious clergyman this a Mr Potts says that a scourge is coming upon protestants & in short persecution such as the simptions foretells - oh for faith dearest friends - pray pray

Dear Mr Black is poorly I am sorry to say - George and Mary Johnson & Edward & their little son are on a visit at their Father now George has a curacy away among the Mountains near Cushendall at a new settlement attempting by a Gentleman to colonize that part - he is a sweet steady nature & doing so gently & modestly all in his power - I pray God to enlighten more & more his eyes into divine truths - Johnny is preparing for college & is very amiable & very steady & comfort to them all Ellen Letitia play duetts nicely together Ellen rides a nice horse of Dr Johnsons once belonging to Mr Darling - H Sherroch has been very delicate all summer they came to Belfast in Novr they have a pleasant house Miss Hameth has had a bad rheumatic fever but is thank God getting well again in tolerably good spirits and keeps us wonderfully tho' they take plenty of crying to themselves about poor dear Isabella - the child is fine little girl of 4 years & ½ old & can almost read she has both her Fathers & Mothers good sense - Arabella is tolerably well. - Alexr & Mary join me in most hearty love to you two dear more better loved by us than you dear selves I hope this may reach yr good cousin in safety & that she can forward it to you farewell dear

Your faithful friend J:W:

[Addressed to:

Mrs T A Stewart

care of Miss Beaufort

31 Merrion Street


Postmarked: 19 FEB


78-008/1/7 #131

6th April 1829

My dearest Honora

When I learned that our dear and valuable Aunt Mary had returned to Ireland my first thought was about you - for I know how very much it much encrease your happiness to have her once more with you - and I intended then to have written to congratulate you on her being once more with you - but various & endless are my obstacles to any employment which requires quietness, and some times I am almost in despair about being able to do any thing but nurse or fuss a little about the children or housekeeping - then when I have time I write in such a hurry that I have no comfort - Even not I scribble with John sleeping on my Arm - & the three next making all sorts of noises in the room as the weather is too wet & cold to dispose of them out of doors - we have had a most unusually long & severe winter - It did not begin till after Christmas - for all Novr & Decr were delightful - but then it became extremely cold & for a month I don't think the therr rose above 20 - added to which we had high Northwest winds & but very few sunny days - Now tho' we have nearly reached the second week of April the weather is truly cold & blustery - No appearance of Spring any where -

How different from Ireland I dare say your Daffodils & Narcissus are all in high beauty - as well as the other sweet & beautiful flowers which make their appearance at this sweet season, but which till June when every thing comes at once, but soon droop & fade from the heat & dryness - so that the only time of year we have any pretty flowers in our gardens ["are" crossed out] is between June & September, by which time all are gone to seed & beginning to grow brown & withered - I for this reason am not half as fond of my flower gardens in days or yore Indeed all my pursuits are so completely changed that I scarcely can help thinking I have ["not" crossed out] been changed by some Evil Fairy - for no people could be so totally different as Fanny Browne of Dublin & Fanny Stewart of Douro - Except that my dear friends are the same - & equally fond & tender Oh this makes me know most exquisitely that I am Fanny Browne still -

But though my employments are of necessity so much changed my tastes are the same - & I still enjoy reading - music &c &c as much as I did 20 years ago - In walking I admire just as much as ever the works of Nature - altho I have not much time for walking I wish much dear Honora to hear from you again, it seems so very long since I have had a letter from you - You may perhaps think that I don't deserve it - and I know that I have not written to you for many months -no - not even to thank you for the nice & valuable addition you sent to our Library - which I assure you have contributed very much to our entertainment during the dark days we have had this winter - & have helped to keep away low spirits which will sometimes come in spite of all our efforts to keep them at a proper distance - Letters are also delightful restoratives & always have a very instantaneous effect tho' I must say my pleasure is always blinded with a good deal of apprehension on first breaking the seals I hope soon to see one of your fine folios make its appearance - you have much to tell me about all the different branches into which your family is now divided - So pray indulge me soon - begin at the root & tell me about Home & all its inmates - & about all you like to tell me of what you do, say & think - for nothing of that sort can be uninteresting then - about Fanny Wilson - H Butler - Sophy Fox & her little nice Young Foxes - Sneyd and his rib - my dear William - who I do & always will love with affection - which like every impression imbibed in early life lasts long & increases by age I do think - for I have seen so very little of him since our childhood that my love of him must be just the old love I had for my dear playfellow, strengthened & encreased by years - It is curious that just as I left Ireland, he should be employed on the very spot I may say where we lived - & that he shd know so many of our friends & acquaintances there - I cannot tell you any news because I dont know any which can interest you - nor have I any anecdotes to relate, never having passed so tiresome or dull a winter - we have had few visitors & those we had were no way agreeable - indeed I am rather disgusted with our neighbors than otherwise -however we have so many resources within ourselves that I find myself independent of society -

Now adieu, with kindest love to my ever loved Aunt Mary believe your ever affectionate friend

F Stewart

78-008/1/7 #132

My dearest Honora

When my last letters left this I intended to write in this next packet to you, and tho' I had but little hope at that time from Harriet's former account, yet I did not expect the termination would have arrived so soon - it has been mercifully hastened, tho' we must all wish to preserve a beloved friend - yet in this case where hope was nearly gone, how much pain & miserable hopeless watching were you & the dear sufferer himself spared

Dearest Thomas - before you receive this, I hope you may in some degree have recovered from the effects of such a loss - it is not at first that we feel most - I am & must for some time be most anxious to hear from you - & if you can it would & does at all times give me unspeakable pleasure to receive letters from you, one of my earliest friends - You now alone remain - for you & my own dear William were always connected in my recollection & affection - he was indeed a brother & loved to the last & ever will be in my heart - I feel that I am only renewing your pain by writing so & yet I can scarcely help it, for can perhaps conceive more how I feel than most other people in the world - & this is for your self alone -

Every former scene comes so forcibly to my mind - but I must not indulge myself - indeed I fear I may have said too much - & perhaps injured you - but if I have I trust to your affection for some allowance ["for my being so far from you all which makes me" crossed out] I will not say any more - I must however dear Thomas thank you for the pretty seals which are just what I set my wishes on - & which I shall love for your sake - I am most anxious to hear how you all have been - & how your poor dear Mother is - & poor Sophy Fox whose situation was rather critical - in short no creature can wish more or feel or think more about you all than Your ever affectionate old friend

Fanny Stewart

Harriet enclosed me dear kind Aunt Marys note - with my love & warmest thanks will you tell her that the pretty Muffatees shall be distributed exactly as she wished; when I wrote to him I did not know she had sent then & now I cannot write to him but pray will you give her my most grateful love & affection - I think they could not have been better disposed - as suiting each member of our little party

[Addressed to Miss Honora Edgeworth

Edgeworth Town


[The seal on the letter well preserved - black wax and the seal itself is a side-ways oval with a shamrock in the middle and around the top "Erin Favour Win"]

78-008/1/7 #133

[to Fanny, March 31 1824;

no transcription]

78-008/1/7 #134

[to Fanny from M. Waller, 1824;

no transcription]

78-008/1/7 #135

[from Moome, July 20, 1827;

no transcription]

78-008/2/8 #136

Mountjoy Street, January 25, 30

I told you my own dear Fanny that it was probable the February mail might bring you good tidings of our Kate; And thank God the surmise was just. On the 5th of this month she gave us a little grandson, and she is now so well that she was up at 8 oclock this morning and in the breakfast room as soon as any one. Not withstanding that she is not now in her first youth, and that she was very large, she did not suffer much though she told Doctor Labatt she was very sure no person ever was so bad before - her little boy was very delicate for the first few days, but since he got plenty of good food from his mother he has improved much, and I trust in God he may yet be a stout fellow.

Well says Kate a little after his birth; if I live a thousand years I'll never have another child - Well ma'am said the Doctor, you & your nursetender may settle that between you by & by -, he was much amused with her I assure you - I hope you may have yet the letter George wrote with this good news, & sent by Liverpool & New York, as he knew you would wish not to have time last in having it. - Your dear letter written on the 20th of October was a very great pleasure as it was written in an unusual view of cheerfulness, as well as that to Harriet of the same date.

The anticipation of seeing you here is delightful and I fondly trust I may hope with humble confidence in the event, & amongst your many friends, for of all you had when you left us I think none are lost, & certainly your admirable conduct since, has gained you many more.

I have written to Mrs Warner for the information you desire relative to Mr Chatterton and I bid him let me have her reply before Saturday if possible. If Anna Maria was a few years older I should think he was smiling at her but I conclude she is not yet, even of the American age to marry. She has made her debut in the world certainly, by her visit to Mrs Rubidge & her adventurous travels. How safe the two girls explored the wild wilderness, and how much better than they could have gone the same length in civilized Ireland, or even in more happy England - Civilized I should not call it, for I think we are growing more than barbarians & retrograding daily. - Did you get the pippins of pears I kept for you? I have a heap of Hawes too at Clonghill on a loft to send you with the next box. Tell me if I can do any thing more for you my own dear Fanny - Have you now plenty of mills, or are you ever distressed for flour? I have often thought that a steel mill would be a very useful article, and one within the reach of your friends to attain. If you would like the little presents from Clongill & Rochfield to be turned to that account, say so my love, or point out fully in what we could serve you. Not living on the spot to purchase little assistances to your comfort obliges us often to send the money to Harriet to dispose of as she thinks best. A kinder agent you could not have. She will herself tell you of all their healths. All good but that of poor Bess. A severe cold has made her look sadly delicate of late. - I have my dear Kate tomorrow (the 21st) and she shall copy Mr Warners reply to your query if it comes in time - May God bless you my dear love & direct you in all things, & bless your husband & your dear Children. ever to you & them a faithful friend


Your letter to George & Kate via N. York has come

Mrs T A Stewart

Douro, Cobourg

Upper Canada

78-008/2/8 #137

Rochfield, Feb 20, 1830

My dear Fanny

Another month has passed over our heads and the time for preparing our Canada Letter has again come round. My last was written from the lodgings of our dear Kate in Dublin where I left her, thanks to God, well and happy with her little boy thriving upon the good food she has to give him. Since that time she has been out frequently, and has removed bag & baggage to Coolmine for the present and is to join us at the little Rec of Clonghill in about ten days. From there I hope their next removal will be to some good curacy, as George is impatient to be again employed in his Master's service.

Our dear Kate had a most providential escape since I left her: her cap took fire by holding a candle in her hand while she stirred the fire with the other. She had so little presence of mind as to run out of the room: happily George had more of that useful quality & meeting her on the stairs whipped off his coat & threw it over her head. Her hair was a good deal singed, & she had a few small burns on her neck but altogether has much reason to be thankful.

After all this was over she said, "Perhaps something is on fire above." & when George ran up he found a chair on fire, within about a foot of the bed curtains! It is well we have an arm above us to protect us from danger! - The fashionable caps now worn are so broad in the borders, & so staring out from the head, one is not aware of the near approach they make to the candle. Your Aunt Waller is the only person I know who keeps to the little tight head of former times, and as for the sleeves you may judge what they are when five yards or silk is put into some of them! This is no exaggerated picture of a fine lady's sleeve I assure you, but as to the heads they surpass my skill in drawing.

We have just heard that Lady Powerscourt [the young widow] with her daughter & niece were all seized with the smallpox at Brussels. They only escaped being sent to an Hospital by having a sentinel placed at the door to prevent any person from going in or out except the Physician, & ultimately had £1000 to pay for painting, papering, purifying & new furnishing the house they lodged in - I think this was a fine tax upon the absentees.

Feb 23d Many circumstances have prevented my finishing this letter but it is still in time for the March post. Your Uncle has been employed in your service, communicating with Mr McCredy the attorney, and with his brother trustee, Mr Francis Hamilton, has just in a long answer to the bill pending in chancery. I hope all the cogitations may end in advantage to you & your little ones, my dear Tom & Fanny; I mean the arrangements about settling accounts with Thompson and regaining the broad lands that ought to be Toms. Harriet Beaufort is working hard & a more zealous & indefatiguable friend no one ever was blessed with

I find my dear Kate has been obliged to get a nurse for her little one - when I left her she appeared to have a sufficience of milk, but I suppose the fright of the burning has affected her - She is very well now, & I trust her little delicate plant may be spared to her - if not God will provide for it better than she could - Bessy intended to write, but Richard, who takes this to Town, goes a day sooner than she had calculated upon - & I fear it will not allow her time - She & all of us join in love & blessing to you & yours & none more ardently than your affec,


[Addressed to:

Mrs Stewart


Upper Canada]

78-008/2/8 #138

From Mrs Warner, relative to Mr Chatterton

"I have asked Mr Warner respecting Mr C. He says he cannot recollect any young man of that name, but he knows that Chatterton, who lost his life in assisting to extinguish a fire in Bath, left a family - This Mr C was a clever industrious Engine maker & plumber in Bath where he had long resided. He married a parishoner of Mr Warner's when he was curate of St Jame's, the daughter of Mr Dover who kept the Lamb Inn.

Mr Warner knew both Mrs Chatterton & her father to be very respectable persons, but he is not aware of having seen any of Mrs Chatterton's children, nor has he ever heard what became of them. So far my husband - to which I add that if the Canadian settler, happened to have been placed in Mr Crutwells printing office, it is possible he may have seen Mr Warner there, though Mr Warner never observed him or heard his name mentioned" [ ]

This dear Fanny is all I can learn about your Protege. - I wish I could have sent it sooner such as it is. - I hope your boy will be with you as soon as this letter -

Kate is still as inmate of the Rectory, but I fear I am to lose her tomorrow as she goes to curatize at Blessington amongst the mountains of Wicklow. It appears to be only a tempory settlement, there being a hitch about their Recotr Mr Walter Burgh being allowed to keep the parish with that of Naas, though they are within 5 miles of each other, The Primate refusing every one applying for a faculty to hold two livings Catharine is looking extremely well, having grown fat, & her boy, once such little skin of a crature is a lovely fine fellow, as firm as a ball of wax. I trust in God he may be spared to be a blessing to her & his good excellent Father - The good news of Mr Reids consenting to come over to settle accounts has reached us. May this be the fore runner of your return to your own country my beloved Fanny, & may God direct & prosper all you do; My kind love to Tom, & a kiss & a blessing to all my dear little ones from their affectionate


[Clonghill Rectory Apl 26th 1830]

78-008/2/8 #139

Clonghill Rectory

Apr 27 - 30

My dear Sir

I send you per the May Mail a Bill on Quebec for fifty four Pds. Brits. as per acct on the other side of this, which I hope you will receive in good time.

We have had very stormy weather this Spring which has done much damage to the shipping I hear.

The Newry, of Newry, bound for Quebec, with Emigrants, I grieve to say was lost on the Welsh coast last week & many lives were lost.

I am suffering much from Gouty pains flying about me. My hands and feet are very painful this day.

With most affectionate love to Fanny & the children Believe me very sincerely

YrsThoss Sutton

[insert chart here]

78-008/2/8 #140

Clonghill Rectory, Friday, May 28 1830

The end of the month having arrived I prepare my usual dispatch to my very dear Fanny. I hope she & all her household may be as well as I wish them & that our very wet & cold spring has not extended its influence across the Atlantic to give ague there as well as here. The poor here think my Quinine some charm, as it stops that complaint immediately in a dose of 8 G at once, after an emetic. While I am on the subject of medicine, I must tell you that the old Allenstown recipe of one grain of Hippo & one of Ginger every two hours cured two cases of dysentry lately, which were considered helpless by Physicians -

Since Kate has been no longer one of our household we seem to hear of you much seldomer than formerly, and are at the moment most anxious for tidings of one we love so much. Harriet & Sutton have frequent communications on the subject of your affairs. He wants to know if he will appropriate your September interest to pay Mr Reids expenses home, but he will not without your order - May God grant that the journey may produce the good effects we hope for & that something may be done to allow you to return to your native country with comfort - Our Kate has been very happy in their temporary residence at Blessington. I fear they are about having it, which I am sorry for. Bessy & her four weans are here & she joins in every kind affectionate wish to you & Tom & the young group. May God bless all belonging to you my Fanny & have happiness in store for you in his own way & in his own time, - Ever your affec.


Do not omit to mention the arrival of every bill. Be so good as to have Flood's letter conveyed by some safe method - I suppose the post if there is one -

[Addressed to

Mrs T A Stewart Douro

To the care of Miss Beaufort

31 Merrion St Dublin

May 1830]

78-008/2/8 #141

Rochfield June 25, 1830

My dear Fanny,

It seems a length of time since I had the great pleasure of conversing with you on paper, or the still quieter happiness of receiving a letter from your dear hand but we have heard frequently of each other, & as we both now mothers of large families, we must be content I suppose to correspond seldomer than we used to do. For my own part I find the day much too short for all I wish to do, & at the end of it, find many things undone which I intended to have accomplished. You, my darling, must find this still more than I, as you have six & 3 quarters to provide for instead of four pickninnies, which I find quite enough to give me plenty of employment & if it pleased God so to order it, I should be quite content not to have any more, but His will be done! Except that I think Richard would like to have a little boy, I should never wish to exceed my little quartello of girls, who every day become more companionable & a greater comfort to me. Mary is grown very good, & is very rational for her age [past 5] & reads so as to amuse herself very well. She can read and understand parts of the New Testament, & takes great pleasure in it, & Miss Edgeworth's Frank affords her great delight as a book of amusement. Helena too, is improving in her larning, but, from not being so forward as Mary, she takes less pleasure in it. They are two very dear little girls, tho' I say it & hope some day or other you will judge of them yourself. Bessy is a dear little good - humoured fat lump of 2 years & half, & an especial favourite with Grandpapa, whose company she prefers to that of all the world besides, but indeed fond as he is of her, & of all the children, he never spoils any of them, which is a great comfort. My little darling Isabelle is the dearest little coax you ever saw just beginning to toddle about & so fat that she falls at every step. She is just 14 months old, has left off her caps, & has pretty fair hair, blue eyes, & a skin as white as paper. This sounds pretty, but I think none of my children are so, but very healthy & good-humoured looking. Thank God they are all as well as health could wish them dear Papa also. He has been, & is still very busy improving & beautifying this place, which will be very pretty by the time you see it for there was much to be done to it, which he never could accomplish when he has such a quantity of land in his own hands, now he has let all his land, except what is immediately about the house & has only enough left to give him occupation & amusement without anxiety or fatigue. Our dear parents have just returned to us from the wilds of Connaught where Papa went to attend the Visitation of Killalla, & Mama to see a number of old friends. They have not been in that country for 26 years, and consequently saw many changes, but her friends she found warm & affectionate as ever, & delighted to have her amongst them again in that far away land where one is as completely separated from their relations as if they were in America. With the good kind Burroweses she spent a pleasant time, for they are a delightful family & so united & happy in each other, it is quite a pleasure to witness it & there she saw many of her old haunts about Fort Robert where I used to gambol when a child - We have had the pleasure of dear Kate & George's company this last week in this house, accompanied by their very fine boy, & dear Anne K who was a favourite of mine. Master Alexander Thomas is really a magnificient boy, & is the fattest creature I ever saw. Kate has been very fortunate in the woman she got as a nurse, & she certainly does him every justice. Kate looks as well as possible, & is not a little proud of her son, which is very natural. George seems in very good health now, & looks much better than he did. I wish he had a good permanent curacy, or better still a good living, but that will come, I hope, all in good time. They were very sorry to give up Blessington, which seems to have a most desirably circumstanced Curacy, but as they could get no residence, it was impossible for them to keep it. - Both Richard's sisters well & often enquire for you. Isabellla lives almost at Burn Church, with her husband's kind father & mother, Dr & Mrs Butler, who have been true & most affectionate Parents to her. She had a dreadful illness last year from which there was little or no apparent hope of recovery, but thanks God, she was restored to us, & has had better health since than she had for some years previous. - About two months ago she lay in a little girl, so she had now 6 children & like yourself, has three boys & three girls.

Marianne Garnett has 7 - 4 boys & 3 girls. They have all gone to live in England for the education of their children, & are now very comfortably settled at Cheltenham, which Marianne likes as a residence very much. Richard & I are thinking of taking a short ramble to Scotland this summer, as I am free from the cares of nursing, & as Grandmama promises to take care of my chicks in my absence. There is some necessary painting & papering to be to our house, & as we must leave home, we think it is a good opportunity, & I am very anxious that Richard should see Scotland, as he has never yet visited it. - I hope we may have fine weather for our trip, but as yet we have had no summer, nothing but cold & storm, & yesterday was Midsummer's Day. I wonder what sort of weather you have had in Canada. - Robert & John Noble are going off to the Lakes of Cumberland!! There's an event in the Allen's town family. William & James are growing fast into musty old Bachelors, & never stir from Allenstown. Dear Maria the same sweet affectionate being she always was, & in much better spirits & looking better than she did some time ago. - The Tisdalls all settled again at Charlesfort, after two years sojourn at Cloutay. Mrs Tisdall is far handsomer, & looks very nearly as young as her two elder daughters! She is really a wonderful looking woman. - Dear old Mrs Montray had a frightful attack of dysentry, which brought her to the verge of the grave, but is now recovering her strength, though slowly She never fails to enquire most affectionately for you & all belonging to you. I must conclude now my darling Fan, after blinding you with my scrawl. Give my love & Richard's to Tom, & Richd charges me to give a large share to you & give a kiss for me to each of the darling children. Adieu my dear love, & write when you can to your ever fondly attached, E Rothwell


For Mrs T A Stewart, Douro

Miss Beaufort

Post Office


June 1830]

78-008/2/8 #142

Clonghill Rectory July 28, 1830

Your letter of the 9th of May blessed my eyes a short time ago, my loved Fanny, and a great pleasure it was for it said you were well again, and that all was well in your household. Your letter contained an epistle from Flood the Irish settler in Hamilton district which his brother came here to receive & read with tears of delight. One fact amused me much, he says 'no one need come here who can't keep from the whiskey, for it is to be got for 1/6 a gallon trousers are all the fashion' He says he has 100 acres of land, & sheep & cows etc. - I am sorry my dear Fanny that my letters have appeared shorter of late than usual. I was not aware of it, but I hope to be a better correspondent for the future. Bessy wrote to you by the last month I know what appeared a very long letter, and whenever she has time I know she takes great delight in writing to you. She & Richard have been waiting for the last three weeks for something like summer to commence their trip to Scotland but we have had winter rains, and storms till the last week. Now indeed the heat is tremendous, & the corn turning at last & the fruit ripening, and our dear pair are this day at sea I imagine. They left Rochfield yesterday morning at 7 intending to get all the way to Belfast, & as a steam boat leaves that port every day now for Grunock & Glasgow I hope they are fairly embarked by this time. They mean to visit a portion of the Highlands, take the round by Inverary, Lock Lomond & Loch Katrine, Loch Tay, Dunkald, & as far as Blair Athol. Spend a little time at Edinburgh where Bessy is not forgotten by her friends we made in 1821 when we visited that interesting country. I have all the 4 childies at Clonghill, & God grant I may be enabled to deliver them up safe & sound to their dear Parents on their return.

I feel some disappointed in some degree my dear Fanny at your declining the offer of the steel mill, or rather I suppose at your not wanting it, and yet I should be glad of your having so far advanced in the comforts & conveniences of civilized life as to have your wants so supplied -The poor of this country are in deep distress: old potatoes not to be had, the new not come in, at least not those they have, & meal 2/9 a stone, last week, 3/- this. - no work to be had from the farmers; only for subscriptions made in most of the parishes I do think numbers would starve. Richard has sunk a river on Rochfield which will do himself good by draining & has given support to 46 men far above 6 weeks; independent of his own labourers. They finished their work by coming at 4 in the morning the day before the Rothwells set off, & they & all the rest who wanted it got a diner, to the number of 100, besides about 50 children. They all marched to the barn in their best clothes, with a Piper at their head, eat their beef, bacon & cabbage, with sufficient appetite. All turned out to put the finish to the hay, while some women staid to sweep out the barn. Then a merry dance & a barrel of beer concluded the evening & they all separated quietly at about 3 oclock with three cheers for the Master & three more for the Mistress who looked quite delighted at seeing their people so happy - Adieu my own Fanny may God bless & preserve you & yours & may every child added to the number be additional blessing. My kind love to dear Tom in which Sutton joins your affec


Kate very well & her lovely boy

[Addressed to Miss Beaufort

Post Office


for F Stewart


Dr H. I C U

for this [ ] ]

78-008/2/8 #143

Rochfield Nov 20, 1830

I hope that some of your correspondents, my ever beloved Fanny, have told you that I was at Cheltenham when the two last parcels were despatched, and far away from the possibility of enclosing even a "little bit of a letter", as you in your sauciness call, my elaborate productions. Indeed my dear love, I am always glad of an opportunity of caressing one of your dear letters, which are valuable and delightful to me even when they do contain a "wee bit scolding" like the last. Tom's promised news of you via New York has not yet arrived, but news has come, for all that, of the arrival of a fourth son, and of your safe and happy recovery for which mercy I am thankful to the Giver of all good. May these little olive branches prove a blessing to you & their good father, and may they reward the care & anxiety they cause. This news came in a letter from Stafford Kirkpatrick to his mother, in which he speaks [ ] of all at Douro, when his visit appears to have given him much pleasure. He is delighted with you all and says the manners or your girls are very pleasing, and no one could suspect from them that they had only lived in the woods - My last letter to you my dear Fanny went by the September mail. At that time your dear Uncle was very poor in health and lost his strength to such a degree as made me quite uneasy about him. I was in hopes the return of the Rothwells from Scotland would have cheered him, & so it did, but the illness & lassitude remained and after spending one fortnight in the enjoyment of their society at Clonghill, we set off once more in search of health to Cheltenham, our never failing resource, and thanks to God it has not failed now for he has come back with health Strength & spirits all improved. We arrived in Dublin late on Friday evening the 5th from Howth, after a stormy passage from Holyhead, and imagine the delight of finding Richard & Bessy there to meet us, without the least expectation of such a pleasure awaiting us.

The dear Merrion Street trio had flown to Trim, to try the effect of change of air for removing poor Aunt Bess's obstinate cough, and also to get her out of the way of witnessing the suffering & the death of poor Elinor, which latter took place the day after they left Town. I saw them on my way to England though I spent but one morning in Town, & sailed at 3 oclock. Harriet and Anne looked well, particularly the former, who is a wonderfully youthful looking person; & really, when her pretty clear colour visits her cheeks, & lights up her blue eyes, no one would suspect that half a century had passed over her head.

I had the pleasure of our dear Kates company that day also till we set out. She is very happy with that dear excellent husband Heaven had sent her, whose character & principles rise in estimation every day he is known. The child is a noble creature, strong as a young Hercules, and not unlike the pictures of that Hero when an infant. Or course every one will write you an account of an offer of Mr Robert Alexander to George, of a peculiarly valuable curacy in the co. of Antrim. Mr R A was once your Archdeacon & lived at Hillsborough, but exchanged that parish for Cloghill near Ballymena, that he might live at Portglenons his Father's fine new House, and attends his parish also. He appeared a gay & rather careless sort of man, but the deep affliction of losing his wife & being left with eleven children to take care of has been sanctified to him, for he has become a serious & conscientious minister of the gospel, and Georges character alone without any previous acquaintance has made him eager to obtain his valuable assistance in taking care of the flock committed to his charge. Kate seems pleased at the idea of a settled home, but to regret her pretty quiet Blessington much, when George has recovered his health, & when he is understood & idolized. - when at Cheltenham I saw a good deal of your old friend Eliza Wallace. She is very unlike the Eliza Wallace who pleased the good taste of a certain gentleman once on a time. She is much too masculine a character now and too self sufficient to please any of the Lords of the Creation - She built to houses about two years ago. One of she & her mother & sister inhabit, and the other she lets. - She has another house formerly called Bathlodge, which you may recollect Aunt Bess once inhabited. She thought this rather small for enlarged ideas, and too far from the road, for it had a little garden in front; so down she pulled Bathlodge even with the ground, and a much larger edifice has sprung up in its stead, with the garden behind instead of before, and at a due distance from the flags - This was all done this spring & summer, and before we left Cheltenham she was as busy as a bee furnishing the rooms, and I dare say before Christmas it will be inhabited. " plenty of workmen, plenty of money" does wonders, & a busy bustling indefatigable person to set all in motion:

We were invited to breakfast by Miss Wallace once and met some very agreeable people there mostly members of the Reformation society of which Miss Wallace is a strenuous supporter, and she thinks their exortions will make Protestants of all the Cats in process of time. [no so do I] We had Archdeacon & Mrs Digby: the latter the express image of poor Mrs John Stewart, in face & person, & manner; like what she was I mean some twenty years ago. We had Captain Gordon the great champion of Reformation, and a Mr Armstrong another. - There were a party of 16 & we were all mighty agreeable and discussed Reformation topics and sallyluns, and Robbie's and green tea, etc, etc.

Your Uncle has been every day hoping Uncle Mun would send over your cash in time to go by this mail but no sign of it yet. If it comes in any decent time it shall go to Harriet still.

I do wish you could have that here to make a little store for a rainy day, and live upon your own resources in Canada if possible, as was your idea once. By Staffords account Douro must be very comfortable; its situation he says is beautiful and the village of Peterboro delightful. Well, now this in not a bit of a letter, and if I have told you the same news you have heard from others, I can only say blame yourself. - A letter from Kate just come announces the arrival of your letter with three lines of codicil from Tom, saying you are to call the young fellow a botheration of four names Chas Edw Lewis Casimir! surely this is only one of Tom's jokes. - answer me with a detail of all that most interests you, dearest Fanny in the home department: your self first - your husband, your children, your servants, and all that concerns you.

Tell me if you ever got the hawes I sent to Harriet for you, and if they are growing, and if the Laurel berries which went formerly ever grew. or if you have been able to nourish up any evergreens.

I saw the death of Mr Smyth of Benison Lodge in the paper lately, which must have been a great release as he was either doating or out of his reason for many months. - I write this from the midst all the dear children of Rochfield. Our own poor little home is such a lonely nest since the total reduction of your party there that Richard & Bessy do not let us inhabit it during the gloomy month of November, and to say the truth, I am nothing loath to be among so many I love - about the beginning of January too my services will be wanting to Bessy, a boy, a boy this time by all means. - May God bless & preserve you my loved Fanny & all belons to you prays your Uncle kind love affecte & faithful

M Sutton

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Rochfield, November 20, 1830

My own dearest Fanny

We have just heard through Stafford Kirkpatrick of your safety, & of the birth of your fourth son; & most sincerely do I congratulate my sweet sister on this addition to her little flock, & most heartily pray that this little stranger may live to be a blessing and comfort to both his dear Parents. We are anxiously looking out for the arrival of Tom's promised letter by New York, but alas! it has not yet make its appearance, & indeed I long very much for further accounts of you my darling, as I am not half satisfied with Stafford's version, though it was a great pleasure to hear the good news of you so much sooner than we should otherwise have done. He is delighted with Douro & all its inhabitants, & with the kindness he received there. His letter was dated Sept. 30 & he said you were then quite recovered, which I trust was the case. - In a letter written shortly before your confinement to Mama, & dated Aug 25 you complained of my not having written to you lately, my own darling sister, but I am sure you must have received a letter from me soon after, as I am almost certain I wrote to you not long before we went to Scotland, I think by the July mail. It grieved me to the heart to find that you, my fondly-loved Fanny, seemed to attribute my silence to forgetfulness or want of affection, & believe me, a more undeserved suspicion never entered the of any mortal for never did sister love another with warmer or more unabated affection than I at all times & in all places feel for you, my dearest early companion & "mine own familiar friend", but indeed my love, I am often deterred from writing to you by the fear of preventing others, whose letters I know are much more valuable & interesting than mine can be, & you know we cannot now send you such nice fat packets as we could in dear Wilmot Horton's time, when we might enclose as much as we liked. However at all hazards, I am determined to take a long sheet this time & have room to chat to my very own sister, & as the paper is thin I hope that Harriet will not find our packet too fat for her frank. I must now tell you that we are all, thank God as well as possible, & enjoying very much being restored to the society of our dear Parents, from whom we have been unusually separated during the summer & autumn, first, by our visit to Scotland which occupied two months & then by theirs to England which last for nearly two more & from which they have only just returned. Dear Papa was very poorly indeed when he set out, but thanks tot he Gracious Giver of all Good, the Physician at Cheltenham, Mr Seager, has been the instrument; under His Mercy in restoring our dear Parent to far greater ease & comfort, & I trust he has by this excursion laid in a stock of strength for the winter. My dearest Richard is in excellent health, & my four darlings as stout & blooming as health could desire. They are indeed a nice wholesome looking little set, & though not the least pretty, look just what they are - goodhumoured, healthy, & happy. Mary is growing very tall, & large in proportions, & is rather forward in learning for her age. "Going on six", as she says herself Helena is very anxious to improve herself, & get up to her sister; she is very perservering, & reads very decently for 4 years & a half old; is of a gentle disposition, & has not as high spirits as Mary, which makes her easier to manage. Little Bessy is a favourite with the whole house, she has so many engaging little ways, & is so comical, but indeed I must say she is not at all spoiled. She is very healthy now thank God, & I trust may be preserved this winter from that horrible croup, which has attacked her two years running, just at this season. I believe our having been twice so near to losing her, has endeared her to us peculiarly, but they are all loved, & as such we should be ready to relinquish them when our Heavenly Father chuses to call them back to Himself, however painful to poor erring human nature. Indeed we have great cause for Gratitude that we have as yet been spared this severe trial & that our darlings are all so healthy. Our youngest, little Isabella is the dearest little coaxing love you ever saw, & very entertaining, for though she will not be two years old till April, she attempts to say every thing she hears from the others, which makes her a most amusing little plaything. She is very fair with blue eyes & light hair, a snub nose, & a very goodhumoured smiling little countenance. Now my dearest Fanny dont call me a foolish old Mama, taking up so much of my paper with a history of my pickaninnies, but remember that you asked me for home details, so have brought it on yourself. - Nov 21. This day a letter came from Kate, saying that she had received your letter, with Tom's little addition, but my dear, is it possible you have given you boy such a set of names, or was Tom only quizzing? - I long to know further particulars, & hope we shall soon hear again.

Richard & I spent a very delightful time in dear bonnie Scotland, which certainly is the pleasantest country I ever was in, I will not even except England, for what with romantic beauty of scenery, hospitality & kindness among the rich, & industry, intelligence, & contentment among the poor, it certainly appears to me rank very high as a country, & at the present awful crisis, when disturbances rage all over Europe, & when even England does not escape the general turmoil, Scotland remains peaceable, quiet, & happy.

Well, to begin & give you a little outline of our tour, which began & ended so pleasantly; Richard & I set out from this house on the 27th of July, in Papa's nice little open carriage with post horses, & in the midst of the only hot week we had the entire summer. Having left all care behind us, & consigned our precious bairns to very safe hands at the dear Rectory of Clongill, we travelled quite independently & I am sure were very often taken for a newly-married couple, going on their first tour of pleasure. We went from this to Belfast the first day, a long journey, but we accomplished it easily, the roads & posting ever so good. We admired extremely the drive from Dundalk to Newry, & Ravensdale was in the highest beauty. In going from Lisburn to Belfast, I was strongly reminded of you, my own dear Fanny, for the last time I took that drive, we met you, Tom, & dear little Anna Maria sitting between you in the gig - Besides, all places along the road brought you forcibly to my recollection; Mr Williamson's with its nice pretty bleach green, Mr Curtis's, & poor deserted Wilmont, which is plainly seen to the right of the road, with its noble woods. We took up our abode for that night at the Royal Hotel in Donegal Place, a splendid & most comfortable house, which formerly belonged to the Marquis of Donegall, & which is admirably suited for a great hotel. It is reckoned the best in Belfast, & is quieter, more comfortable, & less expensive than the Donegall Arms. A man of the name of Kearns keeps it, & is civility itself. - As the steam packet for Glasgow did not sail till 8 in the evening of the following day, we had time to walk about, & admire the numerous handsome buildings and splendid shops in this busy Town. We had a fine and smooth passage to Grenock; & a most lovely sail up the Clyde to Glasgow, where we remained for three days, seeing a great deal that was interesting, & much of the scenery so accurately described in Rob Roy. From thence by Dumbarton to Loch Lomond, on which we embarked in a nice Steam boat, sending the carriage by land to Torbay, a sweet spot which I dare say Tom knows. This steam boat took us & many other tourists round every part of this most lovely lake, & truly delighted were we with its varied & enchanting scenery. Proceeding through the Valley of Glencree to Cairndow, we arrived next day at Inverary, where Richard was greatly pleased with the Duke of Argyle's Park & Castle, & magnificent woods, but it is a deserted place for its owner has never seen it for four years! More's the pity it should be thrown away on him! - This part of our tour, & along the banks of Loch Awe to Dalmally & Tynedrum (pray get out your map of Scotland) was well known to me, but all new to Richard. At the latter place we struck off the beaten track commonly pursued by tourists, & reached [ ] a mere Cabin, in the midst of wilds, where upon our asking for breakfast after a hungry drive of 14 miles, we were asked in return if we had brought bread with us, as they had none! This was rather a melancholy sound to travellers whose appetites were sharpened by the keen mountain air, however the poor people were most anxious to do what they could for our accommodation, & the Gude-wife immediately commenced the operation of making us some scones a thin kind of cake made of flour & water, & which she baked in an iron pot, hung over a peat fire, made in the very middle of her kitchen floor, to the no small astonishment of our Irish servant. The gude-man caught us some nice wee trout in a lake close by, & with these ingredients & the assistance of some fresh eggs, we contrived to make as hearty a breakfast as ever we did in our lives, & the goodwill & kindness with which it was accompanied by our goodnatured host & hostess were a very agreeable addition.

We then proceeded through the Black Forest & over the Black Mountains, all Black & dreary enough to the Kings House, where Lord Breadalbane has a great preserve for the Red Deer, which run wild over the mountain in great number but we were not so fortunate as to see any of them. Here we entered that grand magnificent & sublime Valley, the Pass of Glencoe, the scene of the horrible & bloody massacre of olden times, & a fit scene it is for such a deed of darkness, for a wilder spot cannot be imagined, nature in her rudest dress, & most sportive mood, my here be seen in the fullest perfection; huge mountains towering over your head with terrific grandeur, masses of rock threatening the traveller with distruction every step he advances roaring & foaming waterfalls thundering down every revine; add to which, that for five miles we never saw the sign of a human creature, or a trace of cultivation & you will have some faint & inadequate idea of the sublime & awful wildness of Glencoe, to which no pen could possible do justice, no, not even that of Sir Walter Scott himself; - You will think I am gone mad, but it is only on the subject of Scotland, I assure you that the mania seizes me; I am very tame on every other but I must hasten to bring my tale to a conclusion, & get you out of Glencoe, which is rather a bleak station for winter quarters, Well we proceeded by beautiful Lock Leven & Loch Eil, to Fort William, & there we saw that most stupendous work of man's ingenuity, the Caledonia Canal; by Loch Laggan, another beautiful lake, to Dalwinny, Dalnacaudoh, & Blair Athol, to Dunkeld, where the Duke of Athol has a splendid place but the venerable old man is since dead,& has left his vast possessions to others. - From there, by the "Birks of Aberfeldie" to Kenmore & Taymouth, Lord Breadalbane's lovely place on the banks of Loch Tay; to Callander & Loch Katrine, & all the beautious scenery of the Trossacks, so ably & accurately described by Sir Walter that no other is necessary, to Stirling, Falkirk, Linlithgow, Edinburgh. Here we spent a happy fortnight enjoying the delightful society of my friends the Humes, of whom I am sure you have heard us speak, & to whom Mrs O'Beirne introduced us nine years ago when we were in Edinburgh. The Miss Humes received me with the affection of sisters, & a mutual liking took place between them & my dear husband, with whom they both fell in love, & he with them, & yet I was not jealous!! Their dear old father, the Baron is still alive, & as pleasant cheerful & friendly as ever. At their house we met some of the best society that Edinburgh afforded & very delightfully did our time pass in this most beautiful & interesting of cities. After a fortnight which flew but but too rapidly, we were obliged to turn our faces homewards, & returned by a line of country quite new to me, by Melrose, Abbotsford, Jedburgh, Hawick, Lockerby, Dumfries, etc. etc. to Port Patrick; crossed to Donaghadia in two hours & half; proceed to Belfast & reached Clongill next day; where we had the happiness of finding all our treasures well after our very delightful & most prosperous excursion. Now dearest Fanny, I fear I have wearied & blinded you by my travels so I will for the present release you, but hope soon to write to you again - Pray, pray let me hear from you soon after you get this to say you forgive me, for I shall not be happy till you do. Adieu now my own precious Fanny. Give my kindest love to Tom, & A M & Ellen, & a kiss to all the little Canadians, & ever love as she loves you your own fondly attached &most affecte sister,

E Rothwell

Richard desires his love to you. Mrs Montray is very well, & always askes for you with warm affection. -

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Rochfield December 28 1830

This morning's post, my dearest Fanny, brought me the welcome sight of your dear letter of the 10th Sept & most truly do I thank you my sweet sister for your giving up any of your precious time to me & indeed I can say with truth that among all your correspondents, not one of them can value your more precious letters more than I do. Richard & I fell particularily obliged & gratified at your having named us as sponsors for your dear boy, & pray that the dear little fellow may live to be a blessing & comfort to both his dear Parents I long to know what names my godchild is to enjoy as I cannot consent to his having that long rigmarole that Tom gave in his short scrap in Kate's letter. I suppose it was only one of the tricks of poor old Sir John just to punish us. - Stafford's letter is still the latest account of you my dearest Fan, with his history of Douro & the kind reception he met with from its inhabitants, with all of whom he was greatly delighted. I can well imagine how pleased you must have been to see one who could give you so many home details, but he is rether a dry person so I hope you plied him well with questions. - Thomas seems to be going most prosperously, & to be very happy with his wee wife; I have not heard of any little Helens or Thomases making their appearance in that quarter yet. Francis is still Papa's curate at Clongill,& a most zealous & active & useful clergyman he is, & has his heart lost full in his sacred profession. He lodges in Kells, but spends a good deal of his time here, which we are glad to pravail on him to do whenever we can. - You complain of my silence still dear Fan, & I begin to think some of my letters must have been lost, but at all events, long before this you must have got one from me, & there is another on its way to you, as I wrote you a huge folio by the last mail. I am only afraid of writing too much, & tiring you with my scribbles, but this time I was determined to write, as I am certain I shall not be in Writing order when the next mail is dispatched. I am very anxious to know what the little animal will be, & cannot help wishing it to be a boy, but of this I am certain, that whatever comes, it will be for the best, & my dearest Richard is just as content with, & fond of his little girls, as if they were four boys, indeed perhaps more so. There cannot be a fonder father or one more beloved, but he never spoils them, & indeed I must say they have great spirits. Think of Richard Isabella, & Marianne having 17 children between them! & in another month if it please God to spare them, the number will be increased to 19 as Marianne is on the point of adding an 8th to her flock. She & her family are living now at Cheltenham for the education of her children, & also on the principle of economy, which with such a tribe of young ones is a very necessary consideration; so they have a very lovely set of children, but their oldest boy, & the flower of the flock, is, as you probably know, quite deaf & dumb, & they have placed him at Claremount, where he is going on extremely well, under the judicious management of Dr Orpere. Providentially, now none of the other children are similarly affected, as is so often the case when there is one, for example in poor Wm Beaufort's family, & I heard the other day the extraordinary fact, that there is now living in the south of Ireland a gentleman who has eleven children, & that every one of them is deaf & dumb!! This was mentioned at a meeting at Kells for the juvenile branch of the Claremont Institution, & Robert Noble advocated its cause most warmly & with considerable eloquence. - Isabella Butler lives principally at Dr Butler's near Kilkenny & had a 6th little one last summer; her health is very delicate, & she suffers intense enquires for you with much interest. - Charlotte Roper has just recovered from one of her dreadful illness, which always bring her to death's door; she is attacked by one of them whenever she is in the family way, & never gets at all better till she miscarries, & her sufferings from violent sickness & spasms in her stomach, are quite frightful to witness. This time she was taken ill at Arch Hall, & was for four months confined to her bed, & poor Mrs Garnett was nearly worn out attending her, & so was Bessy. - She never brought more than one child to perfection, her eldest, & she is a fine little thing; but she has made five attempts & they were all near costing her her life. - She is greatly improved mind & manners & I hear makes an excellent Clergyman's wife. - Your friend the Deacon, alias Murtagh is as brisk as a bee, & often askes for "his old friend Mrs Stooart". He bursts away merrily with his pack of little Beagles every day he can, but now the frost has set in with such severity that the Nimrods are all in the dumps. - he & the Wallers must bear the misfortune as well as they can. We had a grand charity Sermon at Kells the Sunday before Xmas, preached by Mr Pakenham for the purpose of buying blankets & bedding for 300 poor creatures who are in want of them at this severe season. Lady Headfort & her very amiable nice daughter Miss Dalton offered to sing the anthem, & also the Te Deum & Jubilate, assisted by Mr Ed Bligh's fine voice, & this attraction added to Mr Pakenham's fame as a preacher, drew a very crowded congregation & there was nearly £48 collected for the charity: 4 ladies were the Collectors, viz. Mrs Napier, Lady Headfort, Mrs Bligh & Mrs Nicholson, each attended by a gentleman, holding his hat to receive the contents of the plate at the door of each seat. - The Anthem was beautifully sung & Miss Dalton's voice sounded delightfully sweet. It was a great fuss altogether, & some ladies fainted with the heat, tho' it was the 19th of Decr. - I suppose you have heard from Allenstown of Mr Pakenham's having had a 4th son: I am sorry it was not a girl, which she much wished for, but she is following Lady Longford's example who had 6 boys before she had her three daughters, who were joyfully welcomed when they did arrive. I never see your old favourite Mrs Longfield now; she lives at such a great distance from this, but she had just recovered a very bad fever when I last heard of her, in which she was attended by your friend Dr. Blackwell, who lives at Ardee. She has I think, eleven children, not less certainly, & her oldest girl Fanny, is quite a woman, & much taller than her mother. Mrs Young is very well, & asks for you with much affection. Mr & Mrs Blennerhasset Thompson live at Philipstown in the winters, & in Kerry in the summers, & have one child, a pickanninny boy. The John Nicholsons are at Balrath now for xmas; - she is a sweet creature; he a great O S T; they have three very fine children & another coming. Mrs Nicholson senr gets on extremely well with the whole family, Anna Maria included, & is much liked in the country. She is very happy in a dear little healthy baby, the image of old [ ] I am sure you must be tired & blinded with my scribble my own darling Fan, so I will release you, only begging you will write to me whenever you can, & never attribute my not writing to want of affection. Adieu now my own love, & & may God bless & preserve you & yours. Richard sends his love to you, & give mine to Tom, & all the darlings weans, & a kiss to my godchild, & believe me ever with the [ ] & warmest affection, your own fond sister

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Merrion St Febr 21 1833

My dearest Fanny

I am sure you have written before this - but the last letter I had from you was that by N york of Novr 17 - & I am most anxious to hear again from or of you - Truly the little babe must be more than a month old by this time - but I have not heard of it yet - Mr Reids letter of Jany 3 to Mr McCready I have read - I trust you were all well when he wrote - but not one word does he say of your well being - for which, considering all the circumstances I am much inclined to quarrel with him. God preserve you my beloved friend to us all - & particularly to your dear children - I cannot help having ill forbodings - but I have often had them before & yet found that our Merciful God had brought you safely thro' the hour of trial & of danger - but I know I am lowspirited now and disposed to see every thing in a melancholy light & it is impossible while suffering under our affection - not to dread another - Every thing public & private looks black - gloomy - and I am forced though it grieves me to give you pain dear Fanny - to write to you what will grieve you both on your account & on that of all your poor friends here - particularly Louisa. I hope you have received my letter of Feby 3 - in which I told you that for some days my dear mother had had a severe cold which seemed obstinate; - Dr March from the first said it was very serious - & seemed alarmed for her - but she had so often recovered from severe illness that I allowed my hopes to continue till almost the last. But the Dr said that besides infavorable symptoms - there was what never was the case before - a total failure of the energy which used to support my dear mother in all her former attacks. From the beginning of this influenza she seemed to give herself up - & she reportedly said she knew she was going to follow poor Mrs St Lawrence. - Some days she appeared better - then again came troublesome cough & loads of phlegm - which indeed choked up her lungs so much that the air could not get rightly o them - & for the last three or four days one could scarcely hear what she said in such a whisper

On Saturday the 9th she seemed to improve, towards the latter part of the day particularly - & in the evening she looked so much better & seemed so much alive to every thing & cheerful & quite gay that it was impossible not to be cheered - & to hope

In the course of the night she grew very restless and uneasy - & evidently more towards morning - Louisa had come down at four & I was with her - giving her whine ["whine" crossed out] wine whey from time to time - Before 7 she began to get up - for she had never kept her bed a moment - and being very anxious to do so I helped her on with her shift - When seeming tired with the exertion she leaned back - & seemed after that to dose constantly - breathing very hard - & yet harder & rougher & then interruptedly till dear Fanny before nine she ceased to breathe - I began to be alarmed before 8 about her manner of breathing & I called Louisa - but she never noticed us or spoke after that - and it was without a struggle she expired. Her mind had been well prepared for that awful moment - & I assure you my dear Fanny nothing could be more happy than the tranquil pious & resigned manner in which she received her approaching end. She spoke of it several times - & while she seemed to look forward to her removal from suffering & illness - she looked back with warm gratitude on all the blessings she had been blessed with during her long life

Ever thinking more of them than of any of the misfortunes which had affected her - & thanking God for the goodness & allowing her to have fine good & affectionate children. But tho' she had so spoken & tho' we knew the Dr had little hope - we had never thought of the sad moment as being so near! - & may think dearest Fanny how we felt - particularly poor dear Louisa when we saw our beloved Mother lying a lifeless body in so short a time since she had been speaking - And though so great an age - it seemed to us that she was cut off in vigour of mind already - So well in body one short fortnight before - it was exactly the Sunday fortnight that she had got that cold at Church - & it was on Sunday Feb 10 that she was taken from us - & a bitter bitter grief it is my dearest Fanny to lose such a parent - & that we hoped to be all comfortable & happy together - and she seemed so stout & well & so bright & so animated & alive - who could ever have thought that just at that time the blow would fall! but it was the Will of God who knows best when to afflict us - and we are resigned & obedient - & surely we ought to be, & are, grateful that she did not suffer lingering torturing pain or sink under the infirmities of age & the loss of faculties while still on earth

You dearest Fanny who love her so dearly& who are loved so much by her - & who were as another child to her - you will grieve with us & for us - Alas Alas when I look at my dear Bess, when I know how she suffers - & how she has been gradually declining - & how broken down she is - I cannot but look with dread to fresh grief & sorrow - But God is good - & perhaps in mercy to us he will not yet deprive us of this last remaining parent & tender friend. I ought not to make you melancholy & thus anticipate so much madness - but after all - it would be madness not to prepare ourselves - and though it may please God still to preserve her to us - yet we must not be shocked should he in his infinite wisdom see fit to take her from us - but oh what a change it will be to me -!

But do not think from this letter that our dear Bess is any way particularly ill - She is going on just as usual as to as to health suffering much some nights from her head - & then at other times she has to good nights - She has of course been very nervous of late as you will readily suppose & greatly cut down by this sad affliction - but I trust as the weather improves she will revive. She was out three times last week to take the air & was refreshed by it. - I forgot to tell you that when poor Fanny E found by our letters how ill my dear Mother was - she resolved to come up - & did arrive on Monday the 11th - poor thing little thinking that all was over - oh I know well how to feel for her - considering all circumstances she bore it better than I cd have hoped - but she exerted herself for Bess's sake - & was the greatest comfort & assistance to us - She staid with us till last Tuesday last - & a week of her is at all times agreeable but was so now particularly - when she continued to mimic Bess & make conversation to interest Louisa. I mentioned in my last letter that Wm was gone to London on a deputation from the Clergy to the King - when he heard of my Mothers illness he wanted to come back even supposing he was to return to London - but we wrote to beg he wd not - & the event shewed that he could not have been here in time - I believe it was better for him to be where he was forced by business to exertion - but he was a sad loss to us - in every way, his presence wd have been a comfort to my Mother & to all of us - The blow has fallen heavy on both him & Francis - most severely on poor Francis who always yields so much to his feelings - He has however the comfort of having seen her this last Autumn - so well & so fond of him - & he must feel happy that he had sent her his picture wh she wished so much to have. - The very morning of my dear Mother's death kind Bess came up to my room to Louisa who was sitting there - & kindly begged her to consider this house as her home - This was of the greatest kindness - kindness she could have shewed her - or shewed to me - & poor Louisa is very grateful - She can go to her friends & be with them as much as she likes but she will have the comfort of feeling that as long as our dear Bess is spared to us she has a home to come to - I only regret that my dear Mother had not the satisfaction of knowing it. Alicia wrote in the kindest way to invite Louisa to visit her now - but she cd not yet enjoy it - or indeed be equal to it - Fanny Wilson comes over in May - & when she returns probably Lou will accompany her to London - at least we think perhaps it may be so - but who can foresee what may happen on these horrid times - when the destruction of the State & of the Church seem coming fast upon us - So that we may think who are taken are removed from the Evil days that are coming.

I hope the Newspapers continue to go regularly - very unfortunately one or two of the most important speeches have been on Supplements to the Newspaper & they will not let them go as they are not stamped - did you ever read any thing like Ld Althorpe's bill for Church Reform? - Think of cutting off ten Bishops at once - & what is still worse - taxing the income of all the clergy in such an enormous degree I think you will soon be well supplied with clergy in Canada for I am sure ministers will flee from the tyranny & injustice here - worse indeed I may say - for everything we hear - & every measure of govt shews plainly that it is their intention to put down the protestant church in Ired - & to let the Cats be established Church here - the consequence will be that many will leave Ireland - perhaps indeed will be forced to do so - it seems as if the very dreadful time of wrath foretold in the Revelations was now coming - all we can do is to look forward with faithful hope to the time when the great last struggle will be over - & the happy time of universal peace will come - but who among us will be alive to see that blessed time - When the Lion & the Lamb shall lie down together

OConnell has been making a most violent speech in the house against Martial law in Ired - wh I will send if I get it to night -

I saw Mr McCready yesterday - he has written to Mr Reid - but hopes Mr R has written again to him or to me - He is very anxious about having a survey & valuation of the Property - as we cannot tell what to do till we [ ] that - Give me leave to get it done as quickly as you can reply if you have not already I am very anxious that Thomson shd not swallow it all up - Mr McCredy does not think Mr Reids valuation sufficent nor do I -

Feby 22 This morning dearest Fanny brought me Tom's most welcome letter - with the happy news of your safety - for so far at least - & the birth of another little boy - I am glad it is a boy for they are better for Canada life than girls - I long to hear again & most truly & gratefully so I thank God for your safety my dearest beloved Fanny

How weak I was to have such fear about you - Oh may God continue to preserve you to your good husband & children - & give you health & happiness - I beg you will tell me how your asthma is - I am in hopes it will be relieved now - Pray take care of yourself in Spring - that is a trying time

I am happy to find that you have at last received the letter about the money for the Saw mill - & that it is not too late to be useful to Tom - & I trust all will be most profitable - I hope he will remember his promise of writing soon to me again, with more details - i.e. as he goes on with the work - it will be very interesting to learn the progress of it - & very satisfactory to the person who sent the money for whom I am going now to copy a part of Tom's letter I hope he will be quite sure of the person he contracts with - that it may be well done - What wonderful profit on firewood - I thought it sd cost nothing and now my dear friends Adieu

Anne & I are well - so are all at Allenstown Rockfield Agohill - & Hastings where the Suttons are now

God bless you Every your affectte & attached old Moome.

[Address:Via New York


Mrs Thos Alexr Stewart


near Cobourg

New Castle District

Upper Canada


Post marked:







78-008/2/8 #147

Merrion StreetMay 24 1833

This day dearest Fanny shall not slip away from me till I have told you what you already know well my beloved - that the day is a precious one to me & to all who know you - who love you and who delight in having such a dear and excellent & valuable friend as you my darling child - Oh! may God bless this day - and continue to permit it to be a source of happiness to us and all with whom you are closely united - Oh may it please God to grant you health and comfort - and to continue to you the power of enjoyment of whatever little blessing and comfort you have. - And many - I am sure you have because you have that truly heartfelt religion which enables you to make happiness to yourself in performing all your various duties - and gives you the means of bearing up cheerfully under the weight of difficulty & privation and annoyance of various kinds - I should rather say preserve you to that power that you have hither to had of bearing up so wonderfully under privation and distress & all kinds of difficulty. That has proved my dearest Fanny the just essence of Religion which fill your heart - which guides & influence your conduct - by the fruit we are known - & surely that is true dearest for your piety & spiritual real religion is shown forth daily in your life. You see by this, that I have at last heard from you - my dearest Fanny after very great anxiety I had the comfort of getting your letter yesterday dated March 26 - When you wrote Jany - 26 your cough was so bad - & you were so lately recovered from your confinement that I grew very uneasy indeed about many fears about you - & much anxiety - till Tom's letter to Mr McCredy wh came nearly 3 weeks ago mentioned that all were well - and indeed it was a very great relief to me - but oh how I do long to hear again - I have still much anxiety dearest Fanny about you - for I see by your letter that you are not well - & that you suffer from that oppression on your chest - but you have said so very little of yourself that it makes me fear that you did not like to tell me how ill you felt when you wrote - Do tell me or let Anna write or some one directly by N York & let me know the whole truth - perhaps prescriptions might be sent that would relieve you - Have you still a cough - have you pain in chest or side or any where? Oh tell me - & how does nursing the little baby agree with you - troublesome little fellow I wish he had not come for I am sure he is & has been a great plague to you - but please God he will yet be one of your comforts & blessings. May God in his Mercy preserve you to him & all your bairns - and grant them the happiness of having their dear and excellent Mothers care for many & many a year to come - may they have the blessing & the comfort of seeing you still with them in good old age - my Fanny - and may you have many many returns of this day in comfort & increasing excellence & energy & health - & may Heaven grant me the blessing of seeing you yet - If I continue on the face of the Earth

My beloved Fanny I don't like to have you say or think that you are grown "dull" & "dead" & "stupid" etc. - No indeed you are not - but you have a great deal to do - & to think of - & to labour at during the day - & my only wonder is how you have always continued to get through so much & to write so kindly & so constantly & so much - Oh what a treasure your letters are to me - & to all of us - The delightful letters & overflowings of your heart for ten years do not let your spirits sink & for God's sake do preserve your health - all you can do in the day is nothing in comparision to the duty of preserving your health by a due & regular portion of exercise & air - Oh! do - what a precious life yours is my own dear child -

Tell Tom Mr McCredy got his letter & is doing all he can about the sale - There is the claim of the Sisters in Dunany now coming on - & we shall see when that is settled what there will be to care about - if they succeed it will make a vast difference in the value of the whole - but I hope it will now be settled one way or other - which will be a great satisfaction

You have sent me no Commissions! - Thinking you would want something tho' I had not heard - I kept fifteen pounds of your money - so if you have any wants, write directly on receiving this by N. York & I shall be able to send off things before it be too late

I sent a small bundle of trifles - by people of Mr Mitchells - and I shall send a small box at any rate before I leave town - by Liverpool to Sidney Bellingham for you - and I can send another afterwards if you send me commissions - I am sure you want flannel - Maria sent you an entertaining book by Mrs Trollope in the last parcel

In my last packet I sent No 1 of the money letters & on the 1st of June I hope to send off my next packet & in it No 2 of the letters - if I do not get any kind of commission tell me if I shall send the money to you in a Dft - or bill - or how - I have not heard yet whether Tom has drawn for the hundred pounds that has been so long lying at the house of Palmer & Co. for him - I hope Tom will not be too venturesome about the mill if the site is not as favourable as he had imagined perhaps it is only throwing money into the river - and there is always great hazard when you join with another - so pray Tom beware beware -

We are going on pretty well. Bess' nights vary sometimes good - often very painful - but on the whole she is pretty well - & better I think than some months ago - She has escaped influenza thank God, as yet which falls very heavy on the old - though not a mortal disease but it leaves the most dreadful weakness & langour behind it - Louisa has had it twice - or at least 2 feverish attacks - & is greatly weakened & her back very painful - & her stomach frequently.

She walked out yesterday for a short time - but was much tired - I hope however she will gradually regain strength - Anne very well I had the Influenza in the form of a great cough & oppression but am now quite well - cured by the application of a blister that was very severe, to my chest. -

Fanny Wilson & Sneyd arrived on Wedy before I was up - stayed yesterday - & gone to Etown this day - She is very thin but is pretty well - Sneyd is remarkably well now - looks fat - & not agitated or excited - Lucy still at Cloone - She is better tho not well - All well in Co Meath & at Cloghill Wm B still in London very busy trying to work out some little changes in the horrid church robbery bill - He is at Francis's - Francis is well but Alice is very poorly - the children all well & good & well disposed -

Comfortable letters from F E & Pakenham. Sneyd has been expecting a letter from you - & I told him you had been intending to write to him

We are much pressed to go to Allenstown & Rochfield & I believe we shall go A first - no time yet fixed for leaving town - The poor Lynes are very miserable have not yet recovered poor Nancy's death - Mary very ill -They have let both house & cottage at Greenmont & are going to Wales for the summer - for a little change of scene - Poor Bess Hamilton is very ill - I fear in a Dropsy which is always miserable & hopeless - she suffers much & seems declining rapidly

I forwarded all your letters & notes dearest Fanny - & having a voracious appetite I long to hear again from you - I have not time to read over or answer all you say about your religion - but I know I wish I were half as good religious as you are - Has Mrs Ls left you & settled - I am sorry you have got more people with you & I do wish you were not burdened by guests - & cd get well - My love do get well & don't be inclined to think your mind dull Keep it still alive dear & do not deaden it by the idea it is dull & that you are not as bright as you used to be - It helps to dull the mind if we settle to ourselves that we are fit for nothing - If God in his goodness preserves your health surely dear your mind will be bright too - & you who have for eleven long years struggled through so much will not now sink under the weight of cares business when you have more prosperity - & good useful children to help you - & have still my love the same Heavenly father to support you - and to help your endeavors

No indeed I never thought you a methodist dearest You never in any way letter said a word of what Mr Reid said of us all on his return - & if you were satisfied with his account of us

Now I must send this - May God bless you & this day and preserve you my own most beloved child & friend to your dear family & friends & to your poor old & very fond & attached


May you my dearest Fanny see as many returns of this day as you can do in health & happiness neither of which I am sorry to say seemed the order of the day when you last wrote. I pray God it may be nothing more than the effect of an ill recovered confinement which I wish may soon give way & that my Fannys next letters which we all long for may be more like her own dr self I write the present in the most oppressively hot weather of which I feel the effects in this hot town very much indeed, poor nervous being as I am - but I look forward to better things when a little money enables us to leave town to breathe the fresh air & see our friends, but till it comes - & for some time, there is little hope in such bad times - we must bide at home - & be thankful to have a comfortable house & many many more comforts than we deserve we are all pretty well thank God & love Dearly my own dr Child & so Good bye

E Waller

my dearly beloved Fanny may God bless you & many many returns of this day be guided again in health & happiness ever believe me yr true friend

A M Nangle

once more I must add my blessing dearest Fanny & tell you how dear you are to me.

[Addressed to

Mr T A Stewart



Newcastle District

Upper Canada

via New York


May 24]

78-008/2/8 #148

Douro Nov 16, 1833

Our mill is going on prosperously. We are only to have the saw mill now & the Grist mill is to be added & the Dam finished in summer when the water is low. Scott says he will engage them to be the best mills in the District. - The foundations of the Dam is completed which was the heaviest work - and the Carpenters are now preparing wooden patterns of the Wheels which are to be sent to the foundry at Rochester to have metal castings made from them. There are 2 other Carpenters morticing the great Beams for the building & it is to be raised in a few days - We have a blacksmith at work & it is a source of great pleasure to the young things to go to the forge. They never saw a Smith at work before & their delight at seeing a horse shod was amusing to us. The workmen are quite civil men. One poor man who had his leg broke some time ago, is very useful to me as he darns stockings & is glad to have something to do. The wood for the wheels had all to be boiled & dried at a fire to harden & season it before they began to turn the models of the wheens. Decr 20 - The mill is half up, it has been delayed by severe weather & sickness & accidents among the men but a few hours now will put up all the frame.

There is an Indian encampment about a mile from us in the woods near Mr Reids & we are beginning to get acquainted with them. They are terribly shy & so much afraid of our Dogs & Turkey Cocks that we can seldom get them to come near. - They go to Mr Reids frequently & are much delighted with looking at prints or maps. Every Sunday 7 or 8 Indians Squaws sit round the parlour table there, looking at them. - I went to the Wigwam one day where 4 or 5 India families live. The hut was not more than 10 feet long & about 6 or 7 wide. Of an oval shape, made of poles covered with Bark of Birch. The floor was made merely of branches of white Cedar spread over the ground. Deer skins and blankets were laid over & on them they sit on the day & sleep by night. There was a fire at each end & a pole across from one to the other near the roof; where they had bits of inside parts of deer hung up to dry in the smoke. - One Squaw who had an infant only a few weeks old, was making a very nice little frock of dark cotton for it - quite neatly & putting green braid on the little band round the top; She wore a thimble & held her needle quite nicely - another was preparing a deer skin for moccasins, another was making a pair, an old Squaw making a Basket - an old Indian whose name is Squire Martin was making a pair of Snow Shoes & his son a boy of 18 or 19 - helping him. The young man (called) Jim Bigman was our interpreter as he spoke English tolerably well. Four Squaws & a boy came to me today with Baskets - & sat for a long time at the Kitchen fire. I shewed them some Beads I had in ancient days on a gown. The Squaws laughed & seemed much pleased & promised to bring me some more baskets for them. I want to tempt them here. - There is one very nice girl among them called Charlotte McCue. Her father is a white man.

I am much better in health than I was 2 years past. The children all well & improving much tho' sadly uncultivated. Mr S. is gone for the 1st time to York to take his Seat in the legislature Assembly

78-008/2/8 #149

Mr. Sutton

Exeter April 21 - 1834

My Dear Stewart

I have been informed by my nephew Thos Kirkpatrick, that it would be more advantageous for you to draw a Bill half yearly payable in Dublin for the amount of your Interest, then sending you Bills as heretofore payable in Quebec. - Should you approve of this method, as soon after you hear from me that I have received your interest & inform you of the amount in my hands, you are at liberty to draw upon Alexr Kirkpatrick Esq 68 Eccles St. Dublin for the same. You are now at liberty to draw for Fifty Eight Pounds two shillings & two pence which with Sixteen Pounds paid to Miss Beaufort for Fanny commissions, is the exact amount of your half years Interest payable by Mr Waller to the 11 March, & the Bank Interest to January last. - I should think you had better draw your Bill 14 days after Sight, as Kirkpatrick may not always be on the spot to answer the demand.

You are aware that my brother Trustee Mr Frs Hamilton is dead. I do not know whether his executors have any right now to interfere in trust. I should think not.

I am delighted at the continued good accounts which we have of you & dear Fanny & all belonging to you. I have not a moment to add more

Ever yrs most affectionately

Thos Sutton

My dearest Fanny, I am delighted to be able to add a line to this business letter of our mankind as it is a long time since any direct communication has passed between us. My wandering life prevents my sending my letters for while away from Ireland, and I cannot think of deminishing your cash by paying postage for what Harriet & Catharine & Betsy & Maria may have told you. Sutton & I left all our dear children last October; we remained at Cheltenham till April 3 when we took a flight into Devonshire for a few weeks. We are now on our way back from a very lovely spot called Torquay, and about the middle of May I trust we shall be at dear Rochfield once more. Betsy in her last letter desired me to tell you that poor Clemina Kelly's son has removed from Peterboro to a merchants in York. She said she wrote to ask your kind notice of him if it came your way. You must remember Clemina (Martley) whose married life has been a scene of suffering. A large family of girls, a worthless Husband, & the smallest means to live upon, wretched health, & continued anxiety principally about her only boy who has been sent to Canada to keep him out of bad associates in Dublin - Your Uncle is tolerably well as he always is when moving about. We are drawing home in hopes of some of the million granted for the relief of the Clergy, but not yet paid to any! We have put in a claim at a great sacrifice, on the principal of half a loaf, etc.

Do you remember Marianne Garnett, Richard Rothwell's sister. I saw her at Dawlish a few days ago. Her eldest boy now 13, is deaf & mute, and has always been an object of particular attachment perhaps on that account. He is a very amiable boy, intelligent & affectionate - but it has pleased the Lord of late to afflict him with a complaint on the head which occasions him intense pain. A pressure on the brain causing inflammation. His life is in great danger in these attacks & the physicians give no hope of his recovery though he may live & linger some time. Is it not a grievious state to be in? She has a perfectly religious mind & sees it in the proper light, & the boy is quite resigned to die.

Thomas K. & his pleasing wife are to sail from Liverpool to New York in the Napoleon, on the 24th & probably go in the vessel with this letter. Alexander's permission only came this day or Sutton would have written before. I think Wm Waller is so punctual a paymaster it may now be done easily, if it puts money in your good husband's pocket - Give him my love, & the same to all my dear young nieces & nephews whom I pray God to bless. I have not been without news of you frequently through Harriet, who is truly kind. Dear excellent Harriet, what a useful & active life she leads! - Thomas K says they will go & see you, and are prepared to like you all much. Mr Hagerman to be married this day to Miss Merry, a Cheltenham girl of fortune, fashion & figure. Adieu my own dear Fanny. Ever your affecte Aunt

M. Sutton

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