Before Nelson's pillar trams slowed, shunted, changed trolley, started
for Blackrock, Kingstown and Dalkey, Clonskea, Rathgar and Terenure,
Palmerston Park and upper Rathmines, Sandymount Green, Rathmines,
Ringsend and Sandymount Tower, Harold's Cross. The hoarse Dublin
United Tramway Company's timekeeper bawled them off:
Rathgar and Terenure!
Come on, Sandymount Green!
Right and left parallel clanging ringing a doubledecker and a
singledeck moved from their railheads, swerved to the down line, glided
Start, Palmerston Park!
Under the porch of the general post office shoeblacks called and
polished. Parked in North Prince's street His Majesty's vermilion mailcars,
bearing on their sides the royal initials, E. R., received loudly flung sacks of
letters, postcards, lettercards, parcels, insured and paid, for local,
provincial, British and overseas delivery.
Grossbooted draymen rolled barrels dullthudding out of Prince's
stores and bumped them up on the brewery float. On the brewery float
bumped dullthudding barrels rolled by grossbooted draymen out of
There it is, Red Murray said. Alexander Keyes.
Just cut it out, will you? Mr Bloom said, and I'll take it round to the
The door of Ruttledge's office creaked again. Davy Stephens, minute
in a large capecoat, a small felt hat crowning his ringlets, passed out with a
roll of papers under his cape, a king's courier.
Red Murray touched Mr Bloom's arm with the shears and whispered:
Mr Bloom turned and saw the liveried porter raise his lettered cap as a
stately figure entered between the newsboards of the Weekly Freeman and
National Press and the Freeman's Journal and National Press. Dullthudding
Guinness's barrels. It passed statelily up the staircase, steered by an
umbrella, a solemn beardframed face. The broadcloth back ascended each
step: back. All his brains are in the nape of his neck, Simon Dedalus says.
Welts of flesh behind on him. Fat folds of neck, fat, neck, fat, neck.
Don't you think his face is like Our Saviour? Red Murray whispered.
The door of Ruttledge's office whispered: ee: cree. They always build
one door opposite another for the wind to. Way in. Way out.
Our Saviour: beardframed oval face: talking in the dusk. Mary,
Martha. Steered by an umbrella sword to the footlights: Mario the tenor.
Or like Mario, Mr Bloom said.
Yes, Red Murray agreed. But Mario was said to be the picture of Our
Jesusmario with rougy cheeks, doublet and spindle legs. Hand on his
heart. In Martha.
Co-ome thou lost one,
Co-ome thou dear one!
His grace phoned down twice this morning, Red Murray said gravely.
They watched the knees, legs, boots vanish. Neck.
A telegram boy stepped in nimbly, threw an envelope on the counter
and stepped off posthaste with a word:
Mr Bloom said slowly:
Well, he is one of our saviours also.
A meek smile accompanied him as he lifted the counterflap, as he
passed in through a sidedoor and along the warm dark stairs and passage,
along the now reverberating boards. But will he save the circulation?
He pushed in the glass swingdoor and entered, stepping over strewn
packing paper. Through a lane of clanking drums he made his way towards
Nannetti's reading closet.
Hynes here too: account of the funeral probably. Thumping. Thump.
This morning the remains of the late Mr Patrick Dignam. Machines.
Smash a man to atoms if they got him caught. Rule the world today. His
machineries are pegging away too. Like these, got out of hand: fermenting.
Working away, tearing away. And that old grey rat tearing to get in.
Mr Bloom halted behind the foreman's spare body, admiring a glossy
Strange he never saw his real country. Ireland my country. Member
for College green. He boomed that workaday worker tack for all it was
worth. It's the ads and side features sell a weekly, not the stale news in the
official gazette. Queen Anne is dead. Published by authority in the year one
thousand and. Demesne situate in the townland of Rosenallis, barony of
Tinnahinch. To all whom it may concern schedule pursuant to statute
showing return of number of mules and jennets exported from Ballina.
Nature notes. Cartoons. Phil Blake's weekly Pat and Bull story. Uncle
Toby's page for tiny tots. Country bumpkin's queries. Dear Mr Editor,
what is a good cure for flatulence? I'd like that part. Learn a lot teaching
others. The personal note. M. A. P. Mainly all pictures. Shapely bathers on
golden strand. World's biggest balloon. Double marriage of sisters
celebrated. Two bridegrooms laughing heartily at each other. Cuprani too,
printer. More Irish than the Irish.
The machines clanked in threefour time. Thump, thump, thump.
Now if he got paralysed there and no-one knew how to stop them they'd
clank on and on the same, print it over and over and up and back.
Monkeydoodle the whole thing. Want a cool head.
Well, get it into the evening edition, councillor, Hynes said.
Soon be calling him my lord mayor. Long John is backing him, they
The foreman, without answering, scribbled press on a corner of the
sheet and made a sign to a typesetter. He handed the sheet silently over the
dirty glass screen.
Right: thanks, Hynes said moving off.
Mr Bloom stood in his way.
If you want to draw the cashier is just going to lunch, he said, pointing
backward with his thumb.
Did you? Hynes asked.
Mm, Mr Bloom said. Look sharp and you'll catch him.
Thanks, old man, Hynes said. I'll tap him too.
He hurried on eagerly towards the Freeman's Journal office.
Three bob I lent him in Meagher's. Three weeks. Third hint.
Mr Bloom laid his cutting on Mr Nannetti's desk.
Excuse me, councillor, he said. This ad, you see. Keyes, you remember?
Mr Nannetti considered the cutting awhile and nodded.
He wants it in for July, Mr Bloom said.
The foreman moved his pencil towards it.
But wait, Mr Bloom said. He wants it changed. Keyes, you see. He wants
two keys at the top.
Hell of a racket they make. He doesn't hear it. Nannan. Iron nerves.
Maybe he understands what I.
The foreman turned round to hear patiently and, lifting an elbow,
began to scratch slowly in the armpit of his alpaca jacket.
Like that, Mr Bloom said, crossing his forefingers at the top.
Let him take that in first.
Mr Bloom, glancing sideways up from the cross he had made, saw the
foreman's sallow face, think he has a touch of jaundice, and beyond the
obedient reels feeding in huge webs of paper. Clank it. Clank it. Miles of it
unreeled. What becomes of it after? O, wrap up meat, parcels: various uses,
thousand and one things.
Slipping his words deftly into the pauses of the clanking he drew
swiftly on the scarred woodwork.
Like that, see. Two crossed keys here. A circle. Then here the name.
Alexander Keyes, tea, wine and spirit merchant. So on.
Better not teach him his own business.
You know yourself, councillor, just what he wants. Then round the top in
leaded: the house of keys. You see? Do you think that's a good idea?
The foreman moved his scratching hand to his lower ribs and
scratched there quietly.
The idea, Mr Bloom said, is the house of keys. You know, councillor, the
Manx parliament. Innuendo of home rule. Tourists, you know, from the isle
of Man. Catches the eye, you see. Can you do that?
Want to be sure of his spelling. Proof fever. Martin Cunningham
forgot to give us his spellingbee conundrum this morning. It is amusing to
view the unpar one ar alleled embarra two ars is it? double ess ment of a
harassed pedlar while gauging au the symmetry with a y of a peeled pear
under a cemetery wall. Silly, isn't it? Cemetery put in of course on account
of the symmetry.
I should have said when he clapped on his topper. Thank you. I ought
to have said something about an old hat or something. No. I could have
said. Looks as good as new now. See his phiz then.
Sllt. The nethermost deck of the first machine jogged forward its
flyboard with sllt the first batch of quirefolded papers. Sllt. Almost human
the way it sllt to call attention. Doing its level best to speak. That door too
sllt creaking, asking to be shut. Everything speaks in its own way. Sllt.
The foreman handed back the galleypage suddenly, saying:
Wait. Where's the archbishop's letter? It's to be repeated in the Telegraph.
Where's what's his name?
He looked about him round his loud unanswering machines.
Monks, sir? a voice asked from the castingbox.
Ay. Where's Monks?
Mr Bloom took up his cutting. Time to get out.
Then I'll get the design, Mr Nannetti, he said, and you'll give it a good
place I know.
Three months' renewal. Want to get some wind off my chest first. Try
it anyhow. Rub in August: good idea: horseshow month. Ballsbridge.
Tourists over for the show.
He walked on through the caseroom passing an old man, bowed,
spectacled, aproned. Old Monks, the dayfather. Queer lot of stuff he must
have put through his hands in his time: obituary notices, pubs' ads,
speeches, divorce suits, found drowned. Nearing the end of his tether now.
Sober serious man with a bit in the savingsbank I'd say. Wife a good cook
and washer. Daughter working the machine in the parlour. Plain Jane, no
He stayed in his walk to watch a typesetter neatly distributing type.
Reads it backwards first. Quickly he does it. Must require some practice
that. mangiD kcirtaP. Poor papa with his hagadah book, reading
backwards with his finger to me. Pessach. Next year in Jerusalem. Dear, O
dear! All that long business about that brought us out of the land of Egypt
and into the house of bondage alleluia. Shema Israel Adonai Elohenu. No,
that's the other. Then the twelve brothers, Jacob's sons. And then the lamb
and the cat and the dog and the stick and the water and the butcher. And
then the angel of death kills the butcher and he kills the ox and the dog kills
the cat. Sounds a bit silly till you come to look into it well. Justice it means
but it's everybody eating everyone else. That's what life is after all. How
quickly he does that job. Practice makes perfect. Seems to see with his
Mr Bloom passed on out of the clanking noises through the gallery on
to the landing. Now am I going to tram it out all the way and then catch
him out perhaps. Better phone him up first. Number? Yes. Same as Citron's
house. Twentyeight. Twentyeight double four.
He went down the house staircase. Who the deuce scrawled all over
those walls with matches? Looks as if they did it for a bet. Heavy greasy
smell there always is in those works. Lukewarm glue in Thom's next door
when I was there.
He took out his handkerchief to dab his nose. Citronlemon? Ah, the
soap I put there. Lose it out of that pocket. Putting back his handkerchief
he took out the soap and stowed it away, buttoned, into the hip pocket of
What perfume does your wife use? I could go home still: tram:
something I forgot. Just to see: before: dressing. No. Here. No.
A sudden screech of laughter came from the Evening Telegraph
office. Know who that is. What's up? Pop in a minute to phone. Ned
Lambert it is.
He entered softly.
The ghost walks, professor MacHugh murmured softly, biscuitfully
the dusty windowpane.
Mr Dedalus, staring from the empty fireplace at Ned Lambert's
quizzing face, asked of it sourly:
Agonising Christ, wouldn't it give you a heartburn on your arse?
Ned Lambert, seated on the table, read on:
Or again, note the meanderings of some purling rill as it babbles on its
way, tho' quarrelling with the stony obstacles, to the tumbling waters of
Neptune's blue domain, 'mid mossy banks, fanned by gentlest zephyrs,
played on by the glorious sunlight or 'neath the shadows cast o'er its pensive
bosom by the overarching leafage of the giants of the forest. What about
that, Simon? he asked over the fringe of his newspaper. How's that for
Changing his drink, Mr Dedalus said.
Ned Lambert, laughing, struck the newspaper on his knees,
The pensive bosom and the overarsing leafage. O boys! O boys!
And Xenophon looked upon Marathon, Mr Dedalus said, looking again
on the fireplace and to the window, and Marathon looked on the sea.
That will do, professor MacHugh cried from the window. I don't want to
hear any more of the stuff.
He ate off the crescent of water biscuit he had been nibbling and,
hungered, made ready to nibble the biscuit in his other hand.
High falutin stuff. Bladderbags. Ned Lambert is taking a day off I
see. Rather upsets a man's day, a funeral does. He has influence they say.
Old Chatterton, the vicechancellor, is his granduncle or his
greatgranduncle. Close on ninety they say. Subleader for his death written
this long time perhaps. Living to spite them. Might go first himself. Johnny,
make room for your uncle. The right honourable Hedges Eyre Chatterton.
Daresay he writes him an odd shaky cheque or two on gale days. Windfall
when he kicks out. Alleluia.
Just another spasm, Ned Lambert said.
What is it? Mr Bloom asked.
A recently discovered fragment of Cicero, professor MacHugh answered
with pomp of tone. Our lovely land.
Whose land? Mr Bloom said simply.
Most pertinent question, the professor said between his chews. With an
accent on the whose.
Dan Dawson's land Mr Dedalus said.
Is it his speech last night? Mr Bloom asked.
Ned Lambert nodded.
But listen to this, he said.
The doorknob hit Mr Bloom in the small of the back as the door was
Excuse me, J. J. O'Molloy said, entering.
Mr Bloom moved nimbly aside.
I beg yours, he said.
Good day, Jack.
Come in. Come in.
How are you, Dedalus?
Well. And yourself?
J. J. O'Molloy shook his head.
Cleverest fellow at the junior bar he used to be. Decline, poor chap.
That hectic flush spells finis for a man. Touch and go with him. What's in
the wind, I wonder. Money worry.
Or again if we but climb the serried mountain peaks.
You're looking extra.
Is the editor to be seen? J. J. O'Molloy asked, looking towards the inner
Very much so, professor MacHugh said. To be seen and heard. He's in
his sanctum with Lenehan.
J. J. o'Molloy strolled to the sloping desk and began to turn back the
pink pages of the file.
Practice dwindling. A mighthavebeen. Losing heart. Gambling. Debts
of honour. Reaping the whirlwind. Used to get good retainers from D. and
T. Fitzgerald. Their wigs to show the grey matter. Brains on their sleeve
like the statue in Glasnevin. Believe he does some literary work for the
Express with Gabriel Conroy. Wellread fellow. Myles Crawford began on
the Independent. Funny the way those newspaper men veer about when
they get wind of a new opening. Weathercocks. Hot and cold in the same
breath. Wouldn't know which to believe. One story good till you hear the
next. Go for one another baldheaded in the papers and then all blows over.
Hail fellow well met the next moment.
Ah, listen to this for God' sake, Ned Lambert pleaded. Or again
if we but
climb the serried mountain peaks ...
Bombast! the professor broke in testily. Enough of the inflated windbag!
Peaks, Ned Lambert went on, towering high on high, to bathe our souls,
as it were ...
Bathe his lips, Mr Dedalus said. Blessed and eternal God! Yes? Is he
taking anything for it?
As 'twere, in the peerless panorama of Ireland's portfolio, unmatched,
despite their wellpraised prototypes in other vaunted prize regions, for very
beauty, of bosky grove and undulating plain and luscious pastureland of
vernal green, steeped in the transcendent translucent glow of our mild
mysterious Irish twilight ...
The moon, professor MacHugh said. He forgot Hamlet.
That mantles the vista far and wide and wait till the glowing
orb of the
moon shine forth to irradiate her silver effulgence ...
O! Mr Dedalus cried, giving vent to a hopeless groan. Shite and onions!
That'll do, Ned. Life is too short.
He took off his silk hat and, blowing out impatiently his bushy
moustache, welshcombed his hair with raking fingers.
Ned Lambert tossed the newspaper aside, chuckling with delight. An
instant after a hoarse bark of laughter burst over professor MacHugh's
unshaven blackspectacled face.
Doughy Daw! he cried.
All very fine to jeer at it now in cold print but it goes down like
cake that stuff. He was in the bakery line too, wasn't he? Why they call him
Doughy Daw. Feathered his nest well anyhow. Daughter engaged to that
chap in the inland revenue office with the motor. Hooked that nicely.
Entertainments. Open house. Big blowout. Wetherup always said that. Get
a grip of them by the stomach.
The inner door was opened violently and a scarlet beaked face,
crested by a comb of feathery hair, thrust itself in. The bold blue eyes stared
about them and the harsh voice asked:
What is it?
And here comes the sham squire himself! professor MacHugh said
Getonouthat, you bloody old pedagogue! the editor said in recognition.
Come, Ned, Mr Dedalus said, putting on his hat. I must get a drink after
Drink! the editor cried. No drinks served before mass.
Quite right too, Mr Dedalus said, going out. Come on, Ned.
Ned Lambert sidled down from the table. The editor's blue eyes roved
towards Mr Bloom's face, shadowed by a smile.
Will you join us, Myles? Ned Lambert asked.
North Cork militia! the editor cried, striding to the mantelpiece.
every time! North Cork and Spanish officers!
Where was that, Myles? Ned Lambert asked with a reflective glance at his
In Ohio! the editor shouted.
So it was, begad, Ned Lambert agreed.
Passing out he whispered to J. J. O'Molloy:
Incipient jigs. Sad case.
Ohio! the editor crowed in high treble from his uplifted scarlet face. My
A perfect cretic! the professor said. Long, short and long.
He took a reel of dental floss from his waistcoat pocket and, breaking
off a piece, twanged it smartly between two and two of his resonant
Mr Bloom, seeing the coast clear, made for the inner door.
Just a moment, Mr Crawford, he said. I just want to phone about an ad.
He went in.
What about that leader this evening? professor MacHugh asked, coming
to the editor and laying a firm hand on his shoulder.
That'll be all right, Myles Crawford said more calmly. Never you fret.
Hello, Jack. That's all right.
Good day, Myles, J. J. O'Molloy said, letting the pages he held slip limply
back on the file. Is that Canada swindle case on today?
The telephone whirred inside.
Twentyeight. No. Twenty. Double four, yes.
Lenehan came out of the inner office with Sport's tissues.
Who wants a dead cert for the Gold cup? he asked. Sceptre with O.
He tossed the tissues on to the table.
Screams of newsboys barefoot in the hall rushed near and the door
was flung open.
Hush, Lenehan said. I hear feetstoops.
Professor MacHugh strode across the room and seized the cringing
urchin by the collar as the others scampered out of the hall and down the
steps. The tissues rustled up in the draught, floated softly in the air blue
scrawls and under the table came to earth.
It wasn't me, sir. It was the big fellow shoved me, sir.
Throw him out and shut the door, the editor said. There's a hurricane
Lenehan began to paw the tissues up from the floor, grunting as he
Waiting for the racing special, sir, the newsboy said. It was Pat Farrell
shoved me, sir.
He pointed to two faces peering in round the doorframe.
Out of this with you, professor MacHugh said gruffly.
He hustled the boy out and banged the door to.
J. ]. O'Molloy turned the files crackingly over, murmuring, seeking:
Continued on page six, column four.
Yes, Evening Telegraph here, Mr Bloom phoned from the inner office. Is
the boss...? Yes, Telegraph .... To where? Aha! Which auction rooms?...
Aha! I see. Right. I'll catch him.
The bell whirred again as he rang off. He came in quickly and
bumped against Lenehan who was struggling up with the second tissue.
Pardon, monsieur, Lenehan said, clutching him for an instant and making
My fault, Mr Bloom said, suffering his grip. Are you hurt? I'm in a hurry.
Knee, Lenehan said.
He made a comic face and whined, rubbing his knee:
The accumulation of the anno Domini.
Sorry, Mr Bloom said.
He went to the door and, holding it ajar, paused. J. J. O'Molloy
slapped the heavy pages over. The noise of two shrill voices, a mouthorgan,
echoed in the bare hallway from the newsboys squatted on the doorsteps:
We are the boys of Wexford
Who fought with heart and hand.
I'm just running round to Bachelor's walk, Mr Bloom said, about this
of Keyes's. Want to fix it up. They tell me he's round there in Dillon's.
He looked indecisively for a moment at their faces. The editor who,
leaning against the mantelshelf, had propped his head on his hand,
suddenly stretched forth an arm amply.
Begone! he said. The world is before you.
Back in no time, Mr Bloom said, hurrying out.
J. J. O'Molloy took the tissues from Lenehan's hand and read them,
blowing them apart gently, without comment.
He'll get that advertisement, the professor said, staring through his
blackrimmed spectacles over the crossblind. Look at the young scamps after
Show. Where? Lenehan cried, running to the window.
Both smiled over the crossblind at the file of capering newsboys in
Bloom's wake, the last zigzagging white on the breeze a mocking kite, a tail
of white bowknots.
Look at the young guttersnipe behind him hue and cry, Lenehan said, and
you'll kick. O, my rib risible! Taking off his flat spaugs and the walk. Small
nines. Steal upon larks.
He began to mazurka in swift caricature across the floor on sliding
feet past the fireplace to J. J. O'Molloy who placed the tissues in his
What's that? Myles Crawford said with a start. Where are the other two
Who? the professor said, turning. They're gone round to the Oval for a
drink. Paddy Hooper is there with Jack Hall. Came over last night.
Come on then, Myles Crawford said. Where's my hat?
He walked jerkily into the office behind, parting the vent of his jacket,
jingling his keys in his back pocket. They jingled then in the air and against
the wood as he locked his desk drawer.
He's pretty well on, professor MacHugh said in a low voice.
Seems to be, J. J. O'Molloy said, taking out a cigarettecase in murmuring
meditation, but it is not always as it seems. Who has the most matches?
He offered a cigarette to the professor and took one himself. Lenehan
promptly struck a match for them and lit their cigarettes in turn. J. J.
O'Molloy opened his case again and offered it.
Thanky vous, Lenehan said, helping himself.
The editor came from the inner office, a straw hat awry on his brow.
He declaimed in song, pointing sternly at professor MacHugh:
'Twas rank and fame that tempted thee,
'Twas empire charmed thy heart.
The professor grinned, locking his long lips.
Eh? You bloody old Roman empire? Myles Crawford said.
He took a cigarette from the open case. Lenehan, lighting it for him
with quick grace, said:
Silence for my brandnew riddle!
Imperium romanum, J. J. O'Molloy said gently. It sounds nobler than
British or Brixton. The word reminds one somehow of fat in the fire.
Myles Crawford blew his first puff violently towards the ceiling.
That's it, he said. We are the fat. You and I are the fat in the fire. We
haven't got the chance of a snowball in hell.
Wait a moment, professor MacHugh said, raising two quiet claws. We
mustn't be led away by words, by sounds of words. We think of Rome,
imperial, imperious, imperative.
He extended elocutionary arms from frayed stained shirtcuffs,
What was their civilisation? Vast, I allow: but vile. Cloacae: sewers. The
jews in the wilderness and on the mountaintop said: It is meet to be here.
Let us build an altar to Jehovah. The Roman, like the Englishman who
follows in his footsteps, brought to every new shore on which he set his foot
(on our shore he never set it) only his cloacal obsession. He gazed about
him in his toga and he said: It is meet to be here. Let us construct a
Which they accordingly did do, Lenehan said. Our old ancient ancestors,
as we read in the first chapter of Guinness's, were partial to the running
They were nature's gentlemen, J. J. O'Molloy murmured. But we have
also Roman law.
And Pontius Pilate is its prophet, professor MacHugh responded.
Do you know that story about chief baron Palles? J. J. O'Molloy asked.
It was at the royal university dinner. Everything was going swimmingly .....
First my riddle, Lenehan said. Are you ready?
Mr O'Madden Burke, tall in copious grey of Donegal tweed, came in
from the hallway. Stephen Dedalus, behind him, uncovered as he entered.
Entrez, mes enfants! Lenehan cried.
I escort a suppliant, Mr O'Madden Burke said melodiously. Youth led by
Experience visits Notoriety.
How do you do? the editor said, holding out a hand. Come in. Your
governor is just gone.
Lenehan said to all:
Silence! What opera resembles a railwayline? Reflect, ponder, excogitate,
Stephen handed over the typed sheets, pointing to the title and
Who? the editor asked.
Bit torn off.
Mr Garrett Deasy, Stephen said.
That old pelters, the editor said. Who tore it? Was he short taken?
On swift sail flaming
From storm and south
He comes, pale vampire,
Mouth to my mouth.
Good day, Stephen, the professor said, coming to peer over their
shoulders. Foot and mouth? Are you turned ...?
Good day, sir, Stephen answered blushing. The letter is not mine.
Garrett Deasy asked me to ...
O, I know him, Myles Crawford said, and I knew his wife too. The
bloodiest old tartar God ever made. By Jesus, she had the foot and mouth
disease and no mistake! The night she threw the soup in the waiter's face in
the Star and Garter. Oho!
A woman brought sin into the world. For Helen, the runaway wife of
Menelaus, ten years the Greeks. O'Rourke, prince of Breffni.
Is he a widower? Stephen asked.
Ay, a grass one, Myles Crawford said, his eye running down the
typescript. Emperor's horses. Habsburg. An Irishman saved his life on the
ramparts of Vienna. Don't you forget! Maximilian Karl O'Donnell, graf
von Tirconnell in Ireland. Sent his heir over to make the king an Austrian
fieldmarshal now. Going to be trouble there one day. Wild geese. O yes,
every time. Don't you forget that!
The moot point is did he forget it, J. J. O'Molloy said quietly, turning a
horseshoe paperweight. Saving princes is a thankyou job.
Professor MacHugh turned on him.
And if not? he said.
I'll tell you how it was, Myles Crawford began. A Hungarian it was one
We were always loyal to lost causes, the professor said. Success
for us is
the death of the intellect and of the imagination. We were never loyal to the
successful. We serve them. I teach the blatant Latin language. I speak the
tongue of a race the acme of whose mentality is the maxim: time is money.
Material domination. Domine! Lord! Where is the spirituality? Lord Jesus?
Lord Salisbury? A sofa in a westend club. But the Greek!
A smile of light brightened his darkrimmed eyes, lengthened his long
The Greek! he said again. Kyrios! Shining word! The vowels the Semite
and the Saxon know not. Kyrie! The radiance of the intellect. I ought to
profess Greek, the language of the mind. Kyrie eleison! The closetmaker
and the cloacamaker will never be lords of our spirit. We are liege subjects
of the catholic chivalry of Europe that foundered at Trafalgar and of the
empire of the spirit, not an imperium, that went under with the Athenian
fleets at Aegospotami. Yes, yes. They went under. Pyrrhus, misled by an
oracle, made a last attempt to retrieve the fortunes of Greece. Loyal to a lost
He strode away from them towards the window.
They went forth to battle, Mr O'Madden Burke said greyly, but they
Boohoo! Lenehan wept with a little noise. Owing to a brick received in
the latter half of the matinée. Poor, poor, poor Pyrrhus!
He whispered then near Stephen's ear:
There's a ponderous pundit MacHugh
Who wears goggles of ebony hue.
As he mostly sees double
To wear them why trouble?
I can't see the Joe Miller. Can you?
In mourning for Sallust, Mulligan says. Whose mother is beastly
Myles Crawford crammed the sheets into a sidepocket.
That'll be all right, he said. I'll read the rest after. That'll be all right.
Lenehan extended his hands in protest.
But my riddle! he said. What opera is like a railwayline?
Opera? Mr O'Madden Burke's sphinx face reriddled.
Lenehan announced gladly:
The Rose of Castile. See the wheeze? Rows of cast steel. Gee!
He poked Mr O'Madden Burke mildly in the spleen. Mr O'Madden
Burke fell back with grace on his umbrella, feigning a gasp.
Help! he sighed. I feel a strong weakness.
Lenehan, rising to tiptoe, fanned his face rapidly with the rustling
The professor, returning by way of the files, swept his hand across
Stephen's and Mr O'Madden Burke's loose ties.
Paris, past and present, he said. You look like communards.
Like fellows who had blown up the Bastile, J. J. O'Molloy said in quiet
mockery. Or was it you shot the lord lieutenant of Finland between you?
You look as though you had done the deed. General Bobrikoff.
We were only thinking about it, Stephen said.
All the talents, Myles Crawford said. Law, the classics
The turf, Lenehan put in.
Literature, the press.
If Bloom were here, the professor said. The gentle art of advertisement.
And Madam Bloom, Mr O'Madden Burke added. The vocal muse.
Dublin's prime favourite.
Lenehan gave a loud cough.
Ahem! he said very softly. O, for a fresh of breath air! I caught a cold in
the park. The gate was open.
The editor laid a nervous hand on Stephen's shoulder.
I want you to write something for me, he said. Something with a bite in it.
You can do it. I see it in your face. In the lexicon of youth .....
See it in your face. See it in your eye. Lazy idle little schemer.
Foot and mouth disease! the editor cried in scornful invective. Great
nationalist meeting in Borris-in-Ossory. All balls! Bulldosing the public!
Give them something with a bite in it. Put us all into it, damn its soul.
Father, Son and Holy Ghost and Jakes M'Carthy.
We can all supply mental pabulum, Mr O'Madden Burke said.
Stephen raised his eyes to the bold unheeding stare.
He wants you for the pressgang, J. J. O'Molloy said.
You can do it, Myles Crawford repeated, clenching his hand in emphasis.
Wait a minute. We'll paralyse Europe as Ignatius Gallaher used to say when
he was on the shaughraun, doing billiardmarking in the Clarence. Gallaher,
that was a pressman for you. That was a pen. You know how he made his
mark? I'll tell you. That was the smartest piece of journalism ever known.
That was in eightyone, sixth of May, time of the invincibles, murder in the
Phoenix park, before you were born, I suppose. I'll show you.
He pushed past them to the files.
Look at here, he said turning. The New York World cabled for a special.
Remember that time?
Professor MacHugh nodded.
New York World, the editor said, excitedly pushing back his straw hat.
Where it took place. Tim Kelly, or Kavanagh I mean. Joe Brady and the
rest of them. Where Skin-the-Goat drove the car. Whole route, see?
Skin-the-Goat, Mr O'Madden Burke said. Fitzharris. He has that
cabman's shelter, they say, down there at Butt bridge. Holohan told me.
You know Holohan?
Hop and carry one, is it? Myles Crawford said.
And poor Gumley is down there too, so he told me, minding stones for
the corporation. A night watchman.
Stephen turned in surprise.
Gumley? he said. You don't say so? A friend of my father's, is it?
Never mind Gumley, Myles Crawford cried angrily. Let Gumley mind
the stones, see they don't run away. Look at here. What did Ignatius
Gallaher do? I'll tell you. Inspiration of genius. Cabled right away. Have
you Weekly Freeman of 17 March? Right. Have you got that?
He flung back pages of the files and stuck his finger on a point.
Take page four, advertisement for Bransome's coffee, let us say. Have
you got that? Right.
The telephone whirred.
I'll answer it, the professor said, going.
B is parkgate. Good.
His finger leaped and struck point after point, vibrating.
T is viceregal lodge. C is where murder took place. K is Knockmaroon
The loose flesh of his neck shook like a cock's wattles. An illstarched
dicky jutted up and with a rude gesture he thrust it back into his waistcoat.
Hello? Evening Telegraph here. Hello?... Who's there?... Yes... Yes....
F to P is the route Skin-the-Goat drove the car for an alibi, Inchicore,
Roundtown, Windy Arbour, Palmerston Park, Ranelagh. F. A. B. P. Got
that? X is Davy's publichouse in upper Leeson street.
The professor came to the inner door.
Bloom is at the telephone, he said.
Tell him go to hell, the editor said promptly. X is Davy's publichouse,
Clever, Lenehan said. Very.
Gave it to them on a hot plate, Myles Crawford said, the whole bloody
Nightmare from which you will never awake.
I saw it, the editor said proudly. I was present. Dick Adams, the
besthearted bloody Corkman the Lord ever put the breath of life in, and
Lenehan bowed to a shape of air, announcing:
Madam, I'm Adam. And Able was I ere I saw Elba.
History! Myles Crawford cried. The Old Woman of Prince's street was
there first. There was weeping and gnashing of teeth over that. Out of an
advertisement. Gregor Grey made the design for it. That gave him the leg
up. Then Paddy Hooper worked Tay Pay who took him on to the Star.
Now he's got in with Blumenfeld. That's press. That's talent. Pyatt! He
was all their daddies!
The father of scare journalism, Lenehan confirmed, and the
brother-in-law of Chris Callinan.
Hello? Are you there? Yes, he's here still. Come across yourself.
Where do you find a pressman like that now, eh? the editor cried.
He flung the pages down.
Clamn dever, Lenehan said to Mr O'Madden Burke.
Very smart, Mr O'Madden Burke said.
Professor MacHugh came from the inner office.
Talking about the invincibles, he said, did you see that some hawkers
were up before the recorder
O yes, J. J. O'Molloy said eagerly. Lady Dudley was walking home
through the park to see all the trees that were blown down by that cyclone
last year and thought she'd buy a view of Dublin. And it turned out to be a
commemoration postcard of Joe Brady or Number One or Skin-the-Goat.
Right outside the viceregal lodge, imagine!
They're only in the hook and eye department, Myles Crawford said.
Psha! Press and the bar! Where have you a man now at the bar like those
fellows, like Whiteside, like Isaac Butt, like silvertongued O'Hagan. Eh?
Ah, bloody nonsense. Psha! Only in the halfpenny place.
His mouth continued to twitch unspeaking in nervous curls of
Would anyone wish that mouth for her kiss? How do you know?
Why did you write it then?
Mouth, south. Is the mouth south someway? Or the south a mouth?
Must be some. South, pout, out, shout, drouth. Rhymes: two men dressed
the same, looking the same, two by two.
. . . .
. . .
. . . .
. . la tua pace
. . . . . . . . . . . che parlar ti piace
. . . . . Mentre che il vento, come fa, si tace.
He saw them three by three, approaching girls, in green, in rose, in
russet, entwining, per l'aer perso, in mauve, in purple, quella pacifica
oriafiamma, gold of oriflamme, di rimirar fè più ardenti. But I old men,
penitent, leadenfooted, underdarkneath the night: mouth south: tomb
Speak up for yourself, Mr O'Madden Burke said.
J. J. O'Molloy, smiling palely, took up the gage.
My dear Myles, he said, flinging his cigarette aside, you put a false
construction on my words. I hold no brief, as at present advised, for the
third profession qua profession but your Cork legs are running away with
you. Why not bring in Henry Grattan and Flood and Demosthenes and
Edmund Burke? Ignatius Gallaher we all know and his Chapelizod boss,
Harmsworth of the farthing press, and his American cousin of the Bowery
guttersheet not to mention Paddy Kelly's Budget, Pue's Occurrences and our
watchful friend The Skibbereen Eagle. Why bring in a master of forensic
eloquence like Whiteside? Sufficient for the day is the newspaper thereof.
Grattan and Flood wrote for this very paper, the editor cried in
Irish volunteers. Where are you now? Established 1763. Dr Lucas. Who
have you now like John Philpot Curran? Psha!
Well, J. J. O'Molloy said, Bushe K. C., for example.
Bushe? the editor said. Well, yes: Bushe, yes. He has a strain of it in his
blood. Kendal Bushe or I mean Seymour Bushe.
He would have been on the bench long ago, the professor said, only
for .... But no matter.
J. J. O'Molloy turned to Stephen and said quietly and slowly:
One of the most polished periods I think I ever listened to in my life fell
from the lips of Seymour Bushe. It was in that case of fratricide, the Childs
murder case. Bushe defended him.
And in the porches of mine ear did pour.
By the way how did he find that out? He died in his sleep. Or the
other story, beast with two backs?
What was that? the professor asked.
He spoke on the law of evidence, J. J. O'Molloy said, of Roman justice
contrasted with the earlier Mosaic code, the lex talionis. And he cited the
Moses of Michelangelo in the vatican.
A few wellchosen words, Lenehan prefaced. Silence!
Pause. J. J. O'Molloy took out his cigarettecase.
False lull. Something quite ordinary.
Messenger took out his matchbox thoughtfully and lit his cigar.
I have often thought since on looking back over that strange time that
it was that small act, trivial in itself, that striking of that match, that
determined the whole aftercourse of both our lives.
J. J. O'Molloy resumed, moulding his words:
He said of it: that stony effigy in frozen music, horned and terrible, of the
human form divine, that eternal symbol of wisdom and of prophecy which,
if aught that the imagination or the hand of sculptor has wrought in marble
of soultransfigured and of soultransfiguring deserves to live, deserves to live.
His slim hand with a wave graced echo and fall.
Fine! Myles Crawford said at once.
The divine afflatus, Mr O'Madden Burke said.
You like it? J. J. O'Molloy asked Stephen.
Stephen, his blood wooed by grace of language and gesture, blushed.
He took a cigarette from the case. J. J. O'Molloy offered his case to Myles
Crawford. Lenehan lit their cigarettes as before and took his trophy,
Professor Magennis was speaking to me about you, J. J. O'Molloy said
Stephen. What do you think really of that hermetic crowd, the opal hush
poets: A. E. the mastermystic? That Blavatsky woman started it. She was a
nice old bag of tricks. A. E. has been telling some yankee interviewer that
you came to him in the small hours of the morning to ask him about planes
of consciousness. Magennis thinks you must have been pulling A. E.'s leg.
He is a man of the very highest morale, Magennis.
Speaking about me. What did he say? What did he say? What did he
say about me? Don't ask.
No, thanks, professor MacHugh said, waving the cigarettecase aside.
Wait a moment. Let me say one thing. The finest display of oratory I ever
heard was a speech made by John F Taylor at the college historical society.
Mr Justice Fitzgibbon, the present lord justice of appeal, had spoken and
the paper under debate was an essay (new for those days), advocating the
revival of the Irish tongue.
He turned towards Myles Crawford and said:
You know Gerald Fitzgibbon. Then you can imagine the style of his
He is sitting with Tim Healy, J. J. O'Molloy said, rumour has it, on the
Trinity college estates commission.
He is sitting with a sweet thing, Myles Crawford said, in a child's frock.
Go on. Well?
It was the speech, mark you, the professor said, of a finished orator, full
of courteous haughtiness and pouring in chastened diction I will not say the
vials of his wrath but pouring the proud man's contumely upon the new
movement. It was then a new movement. We were weak, therefore
He closed his long thin lips an instant but, eager to be on, raised an
outspanned hand to his spectacles and, with trembling thumb and
ringfinger touching lightly the black rims, steadied them to a new focus.
In ferial tone he addressed J. J. O'Molloy:
Taylor had come there, you must know, from a sickbed. That he had
prepared his speech I do not believe for there was not even one
shorthandwriter in the hall. His dark lean face had a growth of shaggy
beard round it. He wore a loose white silk neckcloth and altogether he
looked (though he was not) a dying man.
His gaze turned at once but slowly from J. J. O'Molloy's towards
Stephen's face and then bent at once to the ground, seeking. His unglazed
linen collar appeared behind his bent head, soiled by his withering hair. Still
seeking, he said:
When Fitzgibbon's speech had ended John F Taylor rose to reply. Briefly,
as well as I can bring them to mind, his words were these.
He raised his head firmly. His eyes bethought themselves once more.
Witless shellfish swam in the gross lenses to and fro, seeking outlet.
Mr chairman, ladies and gentlemen: Great was my admiration in listening
to the remarks addressed to the youth of Ireland a moment since by my
learned friend. It seemed to me that I had been transported into a country far
away from this country, into an age remote from this age, that I stood in
ancient Egypt and that I was listening to the speech of some highpriest of that
land addressed to the youthful Moses.
His listeners held their cigarettes poised to hear, their smokes
ascending in frail stalks that flowered with his speech. And let our crooked
smokes. Noble words coming. Look out. Could you try your hand at it
And it seemed to me that I heard the voice of that Egyptian highpriest
raised in a tone of like haughtiness and like pride. I heard his words and their
meaning was revealed to me.
It was revealed to me that those things are good which yet are
corrupted which neither if they were supremely good nor unless they were
good could be corrupted. Ah, curse you! That's saint Augustine.
Why will you jews not accept our culture, our religion and our language?
You are a tribe of nomad herdsmen: we are a mighty people. You have no
cities nor no wealth: our cities are hives of humanity and our galleys, trireme
and quadrireme, laden with all manner merchandise furrow the waters of the
known globe. You have but emerged from primitive conditions: we have a
literature, a priesthood, an agelong history and a polity.
Child, man, effigy.
By the Nilebank the babemaries kneel, cradle of bulrushes: a man
supple in combat: stonehorned, stonebearded, heart of stone.
You pray to a local and obscure idol: our temples, majestic and mysterious,
are the abodes of Isis and Osiris, of Horus and Ammon Ra. Yours serfdom,
awe and humbleness: ours thunder and the seas. Israel is weak and few are
her children: Egypt is an host and terrible are her arms. Vagrants and
daylabourers are you called: the world trembles at our name.
A dumb belch of hunger cleft his speech. He lifted his voice above it
But, ladies and gentlemen, had the youthful Moses listened to and accepted
that view of life, had he bowed his head and bowed his will and bowed his
spirit before that arrogant admonition he would never have brought the
chosen people out of their house of bondage, nor followed the pillar of the
cloud by day. He would never have spoken with the Eternal amid lightnings
on Sinai's mountaintop nor ever have come down with the light of
inspiration shining in his countenance and bearing in his arms the tables of
the law, graven in the language of the outlaw.
He ceased and looked at them, enjoying a silence.
J. J. O'Molloy said not without regret:
And yet he died without having entered the land of promise.
A sudden - at - the - moment - though - from - lingering - illness - often -
previously - expectorated - demise, Lenehan added. And with a great future
The troop of bare feet was heard rushing along the hallway and
pattering up the staircase.
That is oratory, the professor said uncontradicted.
Gone with the wind. Hosts at Mullaghmast and Tara of the kings.
Miles of ears of porches. The tribune's words, howled and scattered to the
four winds. A people sheltered within his voice. Dead noise. Akasic records
of all that ever anywhere wherever was. Love and laud him: me no more.
I have money.
Gentlemen, Stephen said. As the next motion on the agenda paper may I
suggest that the house do now adjourn?
You take my breath away. It is not perchance a French compliment? Mr
O'Madden Burke asked. 'Tis the hour, methinks, when the winejug,
metaphorically speaking, is most grateful in Ye ancient hostelry.
That it be and hereby is resolutely resolved. All that are in favour say ay,
Lenehan announced. The contrary no. I declare it carried. To which
particular boosingshed ...? My casting vote is: Mooney's!
He led the way, admonishing:
We will sternly refuse to partake of strong waters, will we not? Yes, we
will not. By no manner of means.
Mr O'Madden Burke, following close, said with an ally's lunge of his
Lay on, Macduff!
Chip of the old block! the editor cried, clapping Stephen on the shoulder.
Let us go. Where are those blasted keys?
He fumbled in his pocket pulling out the crushed typesheets.
Foot and mouth. I know. That'll be all right. That'll go in. Where are
they? That's all right.
He thrust the sheets back and went into the inner office.
J. J. O'Molloy, about to follow him in, said quietly to Stephen:
I hope you will live to see it published. Myles, one moment.
He went into the inner office, closing the door behind him.
Come along, Stephen, the professor said. That is fine, isn't it? It has the
prophetic vision. Fuit Ilium! The sack of windy Troy. Kingdoms of this
world. The masters of the Mediterranean are fellaheen today.
Two Dublin vestals, Stephen said, elderly and pious, have lived fifty and
fiftythree years in Fumbally's lane.
Where is that? the professor asked.
Off Blackpitts, Stephen said.
Damp night reeking of hungry dough. Against the wall. Face
glistering tallow under her fustian shawl. Frantic hearts. Akasic records.
On now. Dare it. Let there be life.
They want to see the views of Dublin from the top of Nelson's pillar.
They save up three and tenpence in a red tin letterbox moneybox. They
shake out the threepenny bits and sixpences and coax out the pennies with
the blade of a knife. Two and three in silver and one and seven in coppers.
They put on their bonnets and best clothes and take their umbrellas for fear
it may come on to rain.
Wise virgins, professor MacHugh said.
They buy one and fourpenceworth of brawn and four slices of panloaf
the north city diningrooms in Marlborough street from Miss Kate Collins,
proprietress. They purchase four and twenty ripe plums from a girl at the
foot of Nelson's pillar to take off the thirst of the brawn. They give two
threepenny bits to the gentleman at the turnstile and begin to waddle slowly
up the winding staircase, grunting, encouraging each other, afraid of the
dark, panting, one asking the other have you the brawn, praising God and
the Blessed Virgin, threatening to come down, peeping at the airslits. Glory
be to God. They had no idea it was that high.
Their names are Anne Kearns and Florence MacCabe. Anne Kearns
has the lumbago for which she rubs on Lourdes water, given her by a lady
who got a bottleful from a passionist father. Florence MacCabe takes a
crubeen and a bottle of double X for supper every Saturday.
Antithesis, the professor said nodding twice. Vestal virgins. I can
them. What's keeping our friend?
A bevy of scampering newsboys rushed down the steps, scattering in
all directions, yelling, their white papers fluttering. Hard after them Myles
Crawford appeared on the steps, his hat aureoling his scarlet face, talking
with J. J. O'Molloy.
Come along, the professor cried, waving his arm.
He set off again to walk by Stephen's side.
Yes, he said. I see them.
Mr Bloom, breathless, caught in a whirl of wild newsboys near the
offices of the Irish Catholic and Dublin Penny Journal, called:
Mr Crawford! A moment!
Telegraph! Racing special!
What is it? Myles Crawford said, falling back a pace.
A newsboy cried in Mr Bloom's face:
Terrible tragedy in Rathmines! A child bit by a bellows!
Just this ad, Mr Bloom said, pushing through towards the steps, puffing,
and taking the cutting from his pocket. I spoke with Mr Keyes just now.
He'll give a renewal for two months, he says. After he'll see. But he wants a
par to call attention in the Telegraph too, the Saturday pink. And he wants
it copied if it's not too late I told councillor Nannetti from the Kilkenny
People. I can have access to it in the national library. House of keys, don't
you see? His name is Keyes. It's a play on the name. But he practically
promised he'd give the renewal. But he wants just a little puff. What will I
tell him, Mr Crawford?
Will you tell him he can kiss my arse? Myles Crawford said throwing
his arm for emphasis. Tell him that straight from the stable.
A bit nervy. Look out for squalls. All off for a drink. Arm in arm.
Lenehan's yachting cap on the cadge beyond. Usual blarney. Wonder is
that young Dedalus the moving spirit. Has a good pair of boots on him
today. Last time I saw him he had his heels on view. Been walking in muck
somewhere. Careless chap. What was he doing in Irishtown?
Well, Mr Bloom said, his eyes returning, if I can get the design I suppose
it's worth a short par. He'd give the ad, I think. I'll tell him...
He can kiss my royal Irish arse, Myles Crawford cried loudly over
shoulder. Any time he likes, tell him.
While Mr Bloom stood weighing the point and about to smile he
strode on jerkily.
Nulla bona, Jack, he said, raising his hand to his chin. I'm
up to here.
I've been through the hoop myself. I was looking for a fellow to back a bill
for me no later than last week. Sorry, Jack. You must take the will for the
deed. With a heart and a half if I could raise the wind anyhow.
J. J. O'Molloy pulled a long face and walked on silently. They caught
up on the others and walked abreast.
When they have eaten the brawn and the bread and wiped their twenty
fingers in the paper the bread was wrapped in they go nearer to the railings.
Something for you, the professor explained to Myles Crawford. Two old
Dublin women on the top of Nelson's pillar.
That's new, Myles Crawford said. That's copy. Out for the waxies
Dargle. Two old trickies, what?
But they are afraid the pillar will fall, Stephen went on. They see the roofs
and argue about where the different churches are: Rathmines' blue dome,
Adam and Eve's, saint Laurence O'Toole's. But it makes them giddy to look
so they pull up their skirts ....
Easy all, Myles Crawford said. No poetic licence. We're in the
And settle down on their striped petticoats, peering up at the statue of the
Onehandled adulterer! the professor cried. I like that. I see the idea. I see
what you mean.
It gives them a crick in their necks, Stephen said, and they are
too tired to
look up or down or to speak. They put the bag of plums between them and
You remind me of Antisthenes, the professor said, a disciple of Gorgias,
the sophist. It is said of him that none could tell if he were bitterer against
others or against himself. He was the son of a noble and a bondwoman.
And he wrote a book in which he took away the palm of beauty from
Argive Helen and handed it to poor Penelope.
Poor Penelope. Penelope Rich.
They made ready to cross O'Connell street.
At various points along the eight lines tramcars with motionless
trolleys stood in their tracks, bound for or from Rathmines, Rathfarnham,
Blackrock, Kingstown and Dalkey, Sandymount Green, Ringsend and
Sandymount Tower, Donnybrook, Palmerston Park and Upper Rathmines,
all still, becalmed in short circuit. Hackney cars, cabs, delivery waggons,
mailvans, private broughams, aerated mineral water floats with rattling
crates of bottles, rattled, rolled, horsedrawn, rapidly.
But what do you call it? Myles Crawford asked. Where did they get
Call it, wait, the professor said, opening his long lips wide to
it, let me see. Call it: Deus nobis haec otia fecit.
No, Stephen said. I call it A Pisgah Sight of Palestine or The Parable of
I see, the professor said.
J. J. O'Molloy sent a weary sidelong glance towards the statue and
held his peace.
I see, the professor said.
He halted on sir John Gray's pavement island and peered aloft at
Nelson through the meshes of his wry smile.
Onehandled adulterer, he said smiling grimly. That tickles me, I
Tickled the old ones too, Myles Crawford said, if the God Almighty's
truth was known.