Portuguese Tangier (1471-1662): Colonial
Urban Fabric as Cross-Cultural Skeleton
Martin Malcolm Elbl
Portuguese Studies Review Monographs Series, No. 1. Toronto
and Peterborough: Baywolf Press, 2013. 1,074 pp; 138 black-and-white ills. (maps, diagrams, structural schematics, spatial analysis of archival sources ); Appendices; Glossary; Bibliography; Index; 9' x 6.5' (2' spine); $140.00; ISBN 978-0-921437-50-5 (paperback [soft-cover]).
Portuguese Tangier (1471-1662) is a “virtual archaeology” exploration of the Portuguese urban fabric heritage, both vanished and preserved, in the dynamically expanding Moroccan port city of Tangier, on the south shore of the Strait of Gibraltar. Using a broad range of original sources and analytical tools, the study rebuilds for the mind’s eye the historic town partially demolished by the English after their brief occupation (1662-1684). Portuguese Tangier stands at the intersection of well-known documents, recently discovered archival data (plans and building estimates), and unexpected patterns that have emerged from the sources and the literature as well as from painstaking spatio-temporal GIS modelling. The book probes and challenges a rainbow of established interpretations and entrenched Tangerois urban legends. It ranges widely, from revisionist hypotheses to newly confirmed toponyms, controversial architectural details, and the design of the fortifications. The scope extends to sixteenth- and seventeenth-century environmental factors affecting the Old Port (studied with the help of a new bathymetric model of the historic anchorage now buried under landfill). The well-known "Tangier" series of drawings and etchings by the Bohemian artist Wenceslas (Václav) Hollar (1607-1677) comes into its own here as a research source, in a fresh, analytical, structurally precise context. The Portuguese period is discussed in a framework that brings into critical perspective both the pre-1471 Muslim port and various 1662-1684 English components of the urban fabric—genuine as well as entirely spurious. The volume includes transcriptions of various relevant archival documents, as well as ancillary topical micro-studies in the Appendices. The book targets mainly an audience of historians, archaeologists, heritage specialists, and historic site interpreters, but will also reward a patient casual reader genuinely interested in the old fortified médina of Tangier.
Keyword Array (Random Sampling, Non-Alphabetical, Minimal Sample): GIS, Irish Battery, Cubelo do Bispo, Domus Praefecti, Johnson's Battery, Old Port, Catherine Port, Wenceslas Hollar, Ceuta, Tangier, Arzila, Ksar es-Seghir, torre de menagem, Civitates Orbis Terrarum, Pastrana Tapestries, hornwork, qaṣba, faussebraye, sitāra, rampiring, sebka, couraça, Marīnids, Almohads, York Castle, Palais Vidal, barbette, Livro das fortalezas, Esmeraldo de Situ Orbis, Sir Bernard de Gomme, Martin Beckman, Édouard Michaux-Bellaire, the Mole, Duarte de Armas, Governor's House, Dar al-Makhzen, Rua da Misericórdia, Rue Jamaa Kbir, Bni Idder Quarter, Jnane Kabtane Quarter, Baluarte da Conceição, Cubelo de Vicente Fernandes, Charles II, Andrew Rutherford (Earl of Teviot), James Duke of York, Avenue Mohamed VI, Conde da Ericeira, Jamaa al-Kasba, Devil's Tower, Sanaa Plage, Earl of Peterborough, Rue du Portugal, Oued Aherdane, Digital Thematic Deconstruction, Porta do Campo, Lourenço Pires de Távora, Krigsarkivet (Stockholm), prego caibral, batten nail, demi-bastion, D. João III, Castelo Velho, Castelo Novo, Monmouth Fort, Font Fort, Cambridge Fort, terreplein, Bāb Fās, Bernardim de Carvalho, Hôtel Continental, Mawlāy Ismā'īl, Joris Hoefnagel, Infante D. Henrique, āfrāj, Rue Salah Dine al-Ayoubi, Grand Socco, John Oliver, Sir Hugh Cholmley, Rue des Almohades, Dar Niaba, Rue Siaghine, Atlas Maritimus, Ṭanja al-Bālī, D. Duarte de Meneses, Sir Palmes Fairborne, Dar Zero, "Tour Sainte Catherine", Charles Fort, sedimentation, erosion, Dar Baroud, Mawlāy Maḥammad al-Shaykh, Rue de la Kasba, D. Catarina de Áustria, flanker battery, tenaille, Postigo de Guyrer, taraçenas, dār al-sinā'a, Kasba de Ghailan
Relevancy Profiling: Tangier--tourist orientation; Tangier--heritage planning and classification; Tangier--information panels; Tangier--exhibits; Tangier--tourist guidebooks and webpages; Tanger--Port de Tanger Ville--history; Tanger--architecture militaire; Tanger--médina--rues--histoire; Tanger--enceinte fortifiée--histoire; Tanger--période portugaise; Tanger--période anglaise; Tanger--héritage--architecture; Tanger--citadelle portugaise; Portuguese history; Portuguese colonial policy; Morocco--history; Strait of Gibraltar geozone--history; English colonies; English presence at Tangier--impact; port history; history of fortification; medina--gentrification; medina--tourist itineraries--Portuguese and English periods; Tangier Old Port/Port de Tanger Ville--spatial interpretation--reconstructive history; Wenceslas Hollar--works as historic sources; Tangier--archival sources; Pastrana Tapestries--interpretation. The volume presents substantive new data, including new or undervalued archival material, and is bound to prompt extensive revisions and adjustments to existing tourist guides, brochures, heritage databases, guided tour content, museum displays, and web information relating to Tangier during the Portuguese and also the English period (location of English forts, correlation between Portuguese and English works, state of completion of English works, etc.). In this respect it renders various general guides and overall historic introductions to Portuguese and English Tangier's architecture fully or partially outdated. The volume highlights new directions in related research within the Tangier conservation area. The interpretations reopen a variety of topics relating to Portuguese colonial presence in northernmost coastal Morocco, in a diachronic comparative framework (Islamic--English--Moroccan--Mediterranean).
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AMICUS LAC Record:
TITLE(S): Portuguese Tangier (1471-1662) : colonial urban fabric as cross-cultural skeleton / Martin Malcolm Elbl
PUBLISHER: Peterborough, Ontario : Baywolf Press, 2013.
DESCRIPTION: pages cm.
Content Type: text txt
Media Type: unmediated n
Carrier Type: volume nc
SERIES: Portuguese studies review monograph series ; vol. 1
Portuguese studies review monograph series v. 1
NOTES: Includes bibliographical references and index.
Text in English with some text in Portuguese and French.
NUMBERS: Canadiana: 20139084657
ISBN: 9780921437505 (pbk.)
CLASSIFICATION: LC Call no.: DT329 T16 E43 2013
Dewey: 964/.2 23
SUBJECTS: Tangier (Morocco)--Civilization--Portuguese influences
Tangier (Morocco)--Colonial influence--History
Médina (Tangier, Morocco)--History
© 2013-2014 Portuguese Studies Review and Baywolf Press. All rights reserved. Content posted by permission of Baywolf Press.