Department of Social Work

The Department of Social Work at Trent University requires students to follow the requirements for APA 5th edition, which has some differences from the more recent 6th edition.

In-Text Citation - APA 5th Edition

The requirements for in-text citation are the same for the 5th and 6th editions of The APA Manual of Style. The details are explained on APA Style: How to Create In-Text Citations.

References - APA 5th Edition

Most differences in the requirements for reference lists in the 5th and 6th editions are related to online resources; the 5th edition of APA style requires a notation for the date of retrieval for online materials. There are also differences in how to cite works written by more than six authors and how to cite unpublished materials, including lecture notes.

On this page, we offer examples of references to commonly used resources. The details of formatting the reference list are the same for both editions; they are explained on APA Style: How to Create the References List.

Printable Guide to Referencing for APA 5th Edition (pdf)

Printable Guide to Formatting for APA 5th Edition (pdf)

Common Print Materials

Books with one to six authors

Aronowitz, S., & Giroux, H. A. (1991). Postmodern education: Politics, culture, and social criticism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Books with more than six authors

Brown, D., Harper, H., Friel, M., Ingham, M., Otter, G., Raskin, J., et al. (2008). Basic writing skills. Toronto: McGraw Hill.

Chapter in a book

Article in a reference book

Article or chapter in a coursepack

Common Online Materials

Journal article – online database

Glick, D. M. & Orsillo, S. M. (2015, April). An investigation of the efficacy

of acceptance-based behavioral therapy for academic procrastination. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(2), 400-409. Retrieved January 21, 2016, from ProQuest database.

Article in an Internet-only journal—freely available

Sillick, T. J. & Schuttle, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-

esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved February 2, 2016, from http://ojs.lib.swin.ed.au/index.php/ejap


Booth, W.C., Colomb, G.G., & Williams, J.M. (2008). The craft of

research, 3rd edition. [E-book]. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Retrieved May 4, 2016, from Scholars Portal database.

Website (with author listed)

Ontario Seniors’ Secretariat (2015). Seniors’ Guide. Retrieved April 22,

2016, from http://www.seniors.gov.on.ca/en/seniorsguide/index.php

Website (with no author listed)

Diet for stress management slideshow: Stress-reducing foods. (2012).

Retrieved February 2, 2016, from http://www.webmd.com/diet/



Bascia, N. & Fredua-Kwarteng, E. (2008). Class size reduction: What the

literature suggests about what works. Retrieved January 15, 2016, from the Canadian Education Association Web site: http://www.cea-ace.ca/sites/cea-ace.ca/files/cea-2008-class-size-literature.pdf

Lecture materials posted to Blackboard

Stewart Eves, E. (2015). Writing literature reviews [Lecture]. Retrieved

March 28, 2016, from https://learn.trentu.ca/bbcswebdav/pid-731185-dt-content-rid-3460720_1/courses/GRAD-THESIS-WRITING-INTRANET/Writing%20Lit%20Reviews.pdf

Unpublished lecture notes (from class, not on Blackboard)

Capell, D. (2015, September 8). How to study for exams from day one.

Unpublished lecture notes, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario.

YouTube Video

TrentU ASC. (2013, May 6). Creating an APA title page [Video file].

Retrieved May 9, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C9TfirGS6ZI&feature=youtu.be

Updated May 2016

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