How to Create a Bibliography
At the end of a paper, you need to include a Bibliography that lists all of the sources to which you referred in writing your paper.
- The title “Bibliography” is centered and placed one inch from the top of the page.
- Sources are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name.
- List multiple works by the same author in alphabetical order by the title of the work.
- Each source is listed along with its full publication information.
- The second line of a bibliographic entry is indented (the reverse of a footnote/endnote).
- The Chicago Manual of Style recommends that you double space all entries to maintain consistency with the manuscript. However, this is not a convention followed by all academics; please follow the directions of your course instructor.
Sangster, Joan. Girl Trouble: Female Delinquency in English Canada.
Toronto: Between the Lines, 2002.
- In footnotes, information is separated by commas, while in the bibliography it is separated by periods.
- In footnotes, the author's first name is listed first, while in the bibliography the author's last name is listed first.
- The titles of books and journals are put in italics.
- The titles of articles are put in quotation marks.
- All key words in titles are capitalized.
Our site provides detailed information on how to create bibliographic entries for different sources.